Donor risk factors in orthotopic liver transplant: analysis of the OPTN/UNOS registry.
This study of the United Network for Organ Sharing registry data analyzed reputed donor factors using the post-MELD data and evaluated them further in HCV positive and HCV negative recipients with hepatic cirrhosis to develop a modified DRI (mDRI). We found that HCV negative cirrhotic recipients have generally higher tolerance against inferior qualities of donors than HCV positive cirrhotic patients. In addition, the results revealed the post-MELD prognostic factors that should be considered in the donor procurement processes. The group of "all recipients" and the subset of HCV positive cirrhotic recipients showed a similar set of donor risk factors found to significantly decrease graft survival. For these two groups, an mDRI included death by cerebrovascular accident or stroke, donor age>or=65 years, and donor history of diabetes. Using the mDRI for "all recipients", the 1-year graft survival decreased by 3-4% per additional donor factor present. In HCV positive cirrhotic recipients, the 1-year graft survival decreased by 2-6% per additional donor factor present. In addition, we developed an mDRI for HCV negative cirrhotic recipients comprised of only two donor factors, cytomegalovirus positive donor serostatus and donor age>or=65 years, resulting in a 1-year graft survival of 87.7% for no factors and 83.2% for 2 donor factors. Overall, our findings suggest that by having more refined, thus fewer, donor risk factors, the newly proposed DRI could pot...
Authors: Sabet Sarvestani F, Azarpira N Abstract Heart and cerebral infarctions, as two important ischemic diseases, lead to the death of tissues due to inadequate blood supply and high mortality worldwide. These statuses are started via blockage of vessels and depletion of oxygen and nutrients which affected these areas. After reperfusion and restoration of oxygen supply, more severe injury was mediated by multifaceted cascades of inflammation and oxidative stress. microRNAs (miRNAs) as the regulator of biological and pathological pathways can adjust these conditions by interaction with their targets. Also, miRNAs...
CONCLUSION: The proposed PHARMAC criteria will give access to these important drugs to those people with T2DM who will likely benefit the most. PMID: 33032305 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Siamashvili M, Davis S Abstract INTRODUCTION: Bromocriptine mesylate quick release (QR) is a dopamine D2 receptor agonist and is the only oral, primarily centrally acting drug that can be used for the treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes. AREAS COVERED: The authors describe current recommendations on the use of bromocriptine mesylate QR. Major efficacy and safety parameters of the late phase trials, including The Cycloset Safety Trial, have been identified and presented. EXPERT OPINION: Efficacy of bromocriptine mesylate QR monotherapy appears to be low but is compensated by favorable safety pr...
Publication date: December 2020Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 75Author(s): Tingting Wang, Lin Zheng, Tiantian Zhao, Qi Zhang, Zhitong Liu, Xiaoling Liu, Mouming Zhao
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Erin L. Meier, Shannon M. Sheppard, Emily B. Goldberg, Catherine R. Head, Delaney M. Ubellacker, Alexandra Walker, Argye E. Hillis
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): J.P. Martínez-Barbero, P. Tomás-Muñoz, R. Martínez-Moreno
TYPE 2 diabetes may feel like a minefield - can you eat this or that without spiking blood sugar levels? If you're feeling peckish, what's a good, healthy option for lunch?
Authors: Mantero V, Rigamonti A, Basilico P, Sangalli D, Scaccabarozzi C, Salmaggi A PMID: 33029982 [PubMed]
Authors: Kargiotis O, Safouris A, Psychogios K, Chondrogianni M, Andrikopoulou A, Theodorou A, Magoufis G, Stamboulis E, Tsivgoulis G PMID: 33029978 [PubMed]
CONCLUSIONS: The SMs in PWIBDs and a craniotomy performed immediately before starting the process of determining brain death seem to be related to lengthening the TT-BD. PMID: 33029974 [PubMed]