Poor Positive Predictive Value of Lyme Disease Serologic Testing in an Area of Low Disease Incidence

Conclusions. In this low-prevalence cohort, fewer than 20% of positive Lyme disease tests are obtained from patients with clinically likely Lyme disease. Positive Lyme disease test results may have little diagnostic value in this setting.
Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: ARTICLES AND COMMENTARIES Source Type: research

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AbstractThe cannabinoid (CB) receptor 2, primarily expressed in immune cells, was shown to play important immune-regulatory functions. In particular, the CB2-R63 functional variant has been shown to alter the ability of the CB2 receptor to exert its inhibitory function on T lymphocytes. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between a common dinucleotide polymorphism, Q63R, in the cannabinoid receptor 2 gene (CNR2) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the Lebanese population. One hundred five unrelated Lebanese RA patients and one hundred five controls from different Lebanese governorates were recruited in th...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
This study aims to develop a sandwich ELISA system for the measurement of soluble folate receptor β (sFRβ) and evaluate whether base line levels of serum sFRβ are a biomarker for the activity of RA synovitis and the response to anti-TNF agents. Serum sFRβ from normal controls (41 samples), patients with OA (29 samples), and patients with RA (27 samples) and synovial fluid sFRβ from patients with RA (17 samples) were measured by sandwich ELISA, using anti-FRαβ and anti-FRβ antibodies as capture and detection antibodies, respectively. Baseline levels of serum sFRβ before therapy ...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
AbstractFatigue is a symptom that affects the 40 –80% of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and impairs the quality of life. The aim of this study was to assess multidimensional fatigue scales, the Bristol Rheumatoid Arthritis Fatigue Multidimensional Questionnaire (BRAF-MDQ) and the Bristol Rheumatoid Arthritis Fatigue Numerical Rating Sca le (BRAF-NRS) and to evaluate their relationship with disease activity in Turkish RA patients. The study included 180 patients with RA. The Disease Activity Score (DAS28), Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI), and Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI) were used to evalua...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
This study included 50 PsA patients and 50 healthy controls with mean ages of 45.02 (SD 12.81) and 45.12 (SD 10.56), respectively. Demographic data of both groups were similar. Concerning the b alance tests, there were significant differences (p 
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
AbstractAlthough several randomized clinical trials and observational studies have evaluated the effectiveness, safety and drug survival of etanercept (ETN) in the treatment of psoriatic arthritis (PsA), long-term data regarding these aspects are currently scarce. For this reason, we sought to investigate the long-term survival and safety of ETN in PsA patients in 4 tertiary care Spanish hospitals over a 13-year observation period (from 2004 to 2017). The records of 85 PsA patients were reviewed. ETN showed an excellent survival profile, with rates of treatment discontinuation at 1, 3, 5 and 10  years of 15, 37, 46 an...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
AbstractThe Qualisex questionnaire was developed and validated to assess sexuality in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. To the best of our knowledge, there is no instrument to evaluate sexuality in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). For this reason, the objective of this study was to validate and adapt the Qualisex questionnaire in axSpA and evaluate the impact of the disease on patients ’ sexuality. Cross sectional study. Consecutive patients, with ≥ 21 years of age, diagnosed with axSpA according to ASAS’09 criteria were included. Sexual health was assessed using the Qualisex questionnaire. The...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
AbstractTo evaluate global public interest in osteoarthritis by assessing changes in Internet search popularity of the disease over a 10-year period. Google Trends was used to obtain search popularity scores for the word “osteoarthritis” (OA) between January 2004 and June 2018. We also analyzed changes in search volume relative to changes in search patterns for all health topics. Search interest in OA was high relative to all other health searches over the given timeframe. Overall, searches for OA steadily decre ased between May 2004 and December 2012 and then steadily rose from January 2013 to April 2018. We a...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
AbstractUltrasound (USG) of nail was performed to assess, (1) morphological alterations of nail plates in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients, (2) differences of nail unit parameters [nail bed thickness (NBT), nail matrix thickness (NMT) and nail plate distance (NPD)] in PsA patients from healthy controls (3) correlation of nail unit parameters with PsA disease activity indices. Total of 895 fingernails (448 nails of 45 PsA patients and 447 of 45 controls) were evaluated by USG. Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI), Disease Activity in Psoriatic Arthritis (DAPSA), and Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI) were calculate...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
AbstractIn 2011 EULAR first published recommendations for the potential role of nurses in the management of patients with rheumatic diseases. To perform a literature update for the role of nurses in the management of chronic inflammatory arthritis (CIA) from 2010 to 2018. A systematic literature review (SLR) was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines, in accordance with the search strategies and eligibility criteria of the EULAR taskforce. The eligibility criteria were “inflammatory arthritis”, “interventions undertaken by nurses” and “relevant outcomes to answer the research questions&r...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
BEST supplements for arthritis: With around 10 million people suffering with the condition in the UK, arthritis causes pain and inflammation in a joint. There ’s currently no cure but some experts recommend supplements as treatment.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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