Brain Arterial Diameters as a Risk Factor for Vascular Events Epidemiology

Conclusions The risk of death, vascular death, and any vascular event increased at both extremes of brain arterial diameters. The pathophysiology linking brain arterial remodeling to systemic vascular events needs further research.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

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ConclusionClopidogrel monotherapy was neither inferior nor superior to aspirin monotherapy for the secondary prevention of recurrent cerebrovascular attack following previous ischemic stroke in patients with T2DM. Hence, clopidogrel or aspirin monotherapy is equally safe and effective in these patients with T2DM.
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionHematoma expansion (HE) after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is associated with short-term mortality, but its impact on long-term prognosis is still unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of HE on long-term survival and functional status after spontaneous ICH.MethodsConsecutive patients admitted with spontaneous ICH were prospectively enrolled and followed up for a minimum of 2  years. We compared short-term (
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: A frequent ablation device position changing during the surgery makes it possible to achieve complete left atrial posterior wall and pulmonary veins isolation. An increased number of applications allows to avoid a false positive transmural damage assessment showed by impedance drop. Also, frequent position changing of the ablation device and increased number of applications do not affect the number of postoperative complications.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract Climate change is considered to have great impact on human health. The heat waves have been associated with excess morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) across various populations and geographic locations. Important role in the heat-induced cardiovascular damage has endothelial dysfunction. It has been noticed that hot weather can impair tone and structure of the blood vessels via interfering with variety of biological factors such as nitric oxide synthesize, cytokine production and systemic inflammation. Also, due to dehydration and increased blood viscosity, by promoting thrombogenesi...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research
Albuminuria level is associated with cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with diabetes. However, little is known about the association between albuminuria level in diabetes patients without overt cardiovascular disease. We aimed to examine the association between albuminuria level and the risk of ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction, and all-cause mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes without overt cardiovascular disease.
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Research Study Source Type: research
ner Pikija Intracranial artery calcification can be detected on nonenhanced brain computer tomography (NECT) and is a predictor of early vascular events. Here, we assessed the impact of vertebrobasilar artery calcification (VBC) on the long-term risk for recurrent stroke and vascular events. We performed a case-control trial of all consecutive stroke patients admitted to the University Hospital of Maribor, Slovenia over a period of 14 months. VBC was defined as presence of a hyperdense area within vertebrobasilar arteries that exceeds > 90 Hounsfield units as seen on NECT. Clinical follow-up information was o...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusion: In adults with AF after PCI, dual therapy reduces risk for bleeding compared with triple therapy, whereas its effects on risks for death and ischemic end points are still unclear. Primary Funding Source: None. PMID: 32176890 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: FD 3-6 months after ischemic stroke is a risk equivalent to comorbidity of conventional vascular risk factors for the incidence of cardiovascular events and mortality of all-cause death. PMID: 32172677 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbation (AE) of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may be accompanied by the deterioration of cardiovascular comorbidities, as evidenced by the increased incidence of acute cardiovascular events. RESEARCH QUESTION: Whether preceding AE might be associated with mortality of cardiovascular events remains unknown. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a health insurance research database in Taiwan, we identified patients with COPD who experienced first-time acute myocardial infarction (AMI; n=26,442), ischemic stroke (n=54,959) and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH; n=14,893) ...
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
ConclusionsShared genetic overlaps might exist between ischemic stroke and physical activity, cardiometabolic factors, smoking, and lung function. We provided suggestive evidence for a potential causal role of LDL.P and LDL.C in ischemic stroke, particularly in large artery stroke. Future researches are required to confirm these findings.
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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