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Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association

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Total 334 results found since Jan 2013.

Clinical Correlates and Prognostic Significance of Change in Standardized Left Ventricular Mass in a Community-Based Cohort of African Americans Epidemiology
Conclusions In our community-based sample of African Americans, baseline BMI and BP, and change in BP on follow-up were key determinants of increase in standardized log-LVMI, which in turn carried an adverse prognosis, underscoring the need for greater control of BP and weight in this group.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - February 5, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Fox, E. R., Musani, S. K., Samdarshi, T. E., Taylor, J. K., Beard, W. L., Sarpong, D. F., Xanthakis, V., McClendon, E. E., Liebson, P. R., Skelton, T. N., Butler, K. R., Mosley, T. H., Taylor, H., Vasan, R. S. Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Predictors of Long-term Clinical Endpoints in Patients With Refractory Angina Coronary Heart Disease
Conclusions Clinically stable patients with RA who are medically managed have a modest mortality, but a high incidence of hospitalization and resource use over 3 years. These findings point to the need for novel therapies aimed at symptom mitigation in this population and their potential impact on health care utilization and costs.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - January 30, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Povsic, T. J., Broderick, S., Anstrom, K. J., Shaw, L. K., Ohman, E. M., Eisenstein, E. L., Smith, P. K., Alexander, J. H. Tags: Coronary Heart Disease Source Type: research

Cardiac Hemodynamics are Linked With Structural and Functional Features of Brain Aging: The Age, Gene/Environment Susceptibility (AGES)-Reykjavik Study Epidemiology
Conclusions A graded decrease in cardiac functioning is associated with features of brain aging. Older persons with cardiac or cognitive signs and symptoms may have both cardiac and cerebral diseases and should be evaluated accordingly.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - January 27, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sabayan, B., van Buchem, M. A., Sigurdsson, S., Zhang, Q., Harris, T. B., Gudnason, V., Arai, A. E., Launer, L. J. Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Neurological Complications and Outcomes in the Berlin Heart EXCOR(R) Pediatric Investigational Device Exemption Trial Pediatric Cardiology
Conclusions Of children treated with the Berlin Heart EXCOR® device as a bridge to transplant, 29% experienced at least 1 neurological event. The majority of neurological events were ischemic strokes, and many of those occurred early in the course of support. Neurological injury was the leading cause of death after implantation of the Berlin Heart EXCOR® device. Risk stratification for stroke or neurological injury is not possible based on baseline preimplantation characteristics. Clinical Trial Registration URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique Identifier: NCT00583661.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - January 22, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Jordan, L. C., Ichord, R. N., Reinhartz, O., Humpl, T., Pruthi, S., Tjossem, C., Rosenthal, D. N. Tags: Pediatric Cardiology Source Type: research

Prospective National Study of the Prevalence, Incidence, Management and Outcome of a Large Contemporary Cohort of Patients With Incident Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Conclusions In the present study the prevalence and incidence of AF, stroke, and death were comparable to those reported in Europe and North America. The low use of anticoagulation calls for measures to increase adherence to current treatment recommendations in order to improve outcomes.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - January 21, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Haim, M., Hoshen, M., Reges, O., Rabi, Y., Balicer, R., Leibowitz, M. Tags: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology Source Type: research

Abnormal Stress-Related Measures of Arterial Stiffness in Middle-Aged and Elderly Men and Women With Impaired Fasting Glucose at Risk for a First Episode of Symptomatic Heart Failure Epidemiology
Conclusion Middle- and older-aged individuals with diabetes or impaired fasting glucose have higher stress measures of arterial stiffness than those with normal fasting glucose. These data emphasize the need for future studies with larger sample sizes to determine whether stress-related elevations in arterial stiffness are related to exercise intolerance and future episodes of heart failure experienced by those with abnormalities of fasting glucose. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://clinicaltrials.gov/. Unique identifier: NCT00542503.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - January 14, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Vasu, S., Morgan, T. M., Kitzman, D. W., Bertoni, A., Stacey, R. B., Hamilton, C., Chiles, C., Thohan, V., Hundley, W. G. Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Lower Mortality Rate in Elderly Patients With Community-Onset Pneumonia on Treatment With Aspirin Epidemiology
Conclusions This study shows that chronic aspirin use is associated with lower mortality rate within 30 days after hospital admission in a large cohort of patients with pneumonia.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - January 6, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Falcone, M., Russo, A., Cangemi, R., Farcomeni, A., Calvieri, C., Barilla, F., Scarpellini, M. G., Bertazzoni, G., Palange, P., Taliani, G., Venditti, M., Violi, F. Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Anti-Inflammatory Immune Skewing Is Atheroprotective: Apoe-/-Fc{gamma}RIIb-/- Mice Develop Fibrous Carotid Plaques Vascular Medicine
Conclusions We hypothesized that removal of FcRIIb would exacerbate atherosclerosis and generate unstable plaques. However, we found that deletion of FcRIIb on a congenic C57BL/6 background induces an anti-inflammatory Treg/M2 polarization that is atheroprotective.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - December 16, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Harmon, E. Y., Fronhofer, V., Keller, R. S., Feustel, P. J., Zhu, X., Xu, H., Avram, D., Jones, D. M., Nagarajan, S., Lennartz, M. R. Tags: Vascular Medicine Source Type: research

Resistive and Pulsatile Arterial Hemodynamics and Cardiovascular Events: The Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Heart Failure
Conclusions Greater total arterial compliance, manifest by higher stroke volume/pulse pressure is associated with a reduced incidence of subsequent CVE. In contrast, SVR was not independently associated with CVE in subjects free of overt cardiovascular disease at baseline. These findings support the concept that alternations in the large conduit vessels, rather than changes in microvascular resistance, are primarily related to incident cardiovascular disease.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - December 11, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lilly, S. M., Jacobs, D., Bluemke, D. A., Duprez, D., Zamani, P., Chirinos, J. Tags: Heart Failure Source Type: research

The Effect of Hurricane Sandy on Cardiovascular Events in New Jersey Epidemiology
Conclusion In the 2 weeks following Hurricane Sandy, there were increases in the incidence of, and 30-day mortality from, MI and in the incidence of stroke.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - December 8, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Swerdel, J. N., Janevic, T. M., Cosgrove, N. M., Kostis, J. B., the Myocardial Infarction Data Acquisition System (MIDAS 24) Study Group Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Habitual Sleep Duration and Predicted 10-Year Cardiovascular Risk Using the Pooled Cohort Risk Equations Among US Adults Epidemiology
Conclusions Mean-predicted 10-year cardiovascular risk was lowest among adults who reported sleeping 7 hours per night and increased as participants reported sleeping fewer and more hours.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - December 2, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ford, E. S. Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Electrocardiographic Deep Terminal Negativity of the P Wave in V1 and Risk of Sudden Cardiac Death: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study Coronary Heart Disease
Conclusion DTNPV1 is predictive of SCD suggesting its potential utility in risk stratification in the general population.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - November 21, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Tereshchenko, L. G., Henrikson, C. A., Sotoodehnia, N., Arking, D. E., Agarwal, S. K., Siscovick, D. S., Post, W. S., Solomon, S. D., Coresh, J., Josephson, M. E., Soliman, E. Z. Tags: Coronary Heart Disease Source Type: research

Prognostic Value of Estimated Functional Capacity Incremental to Cardiac Biomarkers in Stable Cardiac Patients Coronary Heart Disease
Conclusion A simple self-assessment tool of functional capacity in stable patients undergoing elective diagnostic cardiac evaluation provides independent and incremental prognostic value for prediction of both significant coronary angiographic disease and long-term adverse clinical events.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - October 20, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Tang, W. H. W., Topol, E. J., Fan, Y., Wu, Y., Cho, L., Stevenson, C., Ellis, S. G., Hazen, S. L. Tags: Coronary Heart Disease Source Type: research

HIV Infection and Cardiovascular Disease in Women Epidemiology
Conclusions HIV is associated with an increased risk of CVD in women.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - October 16, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Womack, J. A., Chang, C.-C. H., So-Armah, K. A., Alcorn, C., Baker, J. V., Brown, S. T., Budoff, M., Butt, A. A., Gibert, C., Goetz, M. B., Gottdiener, J., Gottlieb, S., Justice, A. C., Leaf, D., McGinnis, K., Rimland, D., Rodriguez-Barradas, M. C., Sico, Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

A Novel Protein Glycan Biomarker and Future Cardiovascular Disease Events Epidemiology
Conclusions In this prospective study of initially healthy women, baseline GlycA was associated with incident CVD, consistent with a possible role for protein glycans in inflammation and CVD. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http//clinicaltrials.gov/. Unique identifier NCT00000479.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - September 23, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Akinkuolie, A. O., Buring, J. E., Ridker, P. M., Mora, S. Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Identifying Future Research Priorities Using Value of Information Analyses: Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion Devices in Atrial Fibrillation Health Services and Outcomes Research
Conclusion The relative efficacy of stroke reduction with left atrial appendage occlusion devices in relation to warfarin is an important source of uncertainty. Improving estimates of this parameter should be the priority for future research in this area.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - September 16, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Micieli, A., Bennell, M. C., Pham, B., Krahn, M., Singh, S. M., Wijeysundera, H. C. Tags: Health Services and Outcomes Research Source Type: research

Short-Term Change in eGFR and Risk of Cardiovascular Events Health Services and Outcomes Research
Conclusion Clinically relevant changes in eGFR are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events. However, most of the apparent increase in risk can be accounted for by assessing comorbidity and baseline kidney function.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - September 11, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Turin, T. C., James, M. T., Jun, M., Tonelli, M., Coresh, J., Manns, B. J., Hemmelgarn, B. R. Tags: Health Services and Outcomes Research Source Type: research

Importance of Exercise Capacity in Predicting Outcomes and Determining Optimal Timing of Surgery in Significant Primary Mitral Regurgitation Valvular Heart Disease
Conclusion In patients with primary MR that underwent exercise echocardiography followed by MV surgery, lower achieved metabolic equivalents were associated with worse long-term outcomes. In those with preserved exercise capacity, delaying MV surgery by ≥1 year did not adversely affect outcomes.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - September 11, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Naji, P., Griffin, B. P., Barr, T., Asfahan, F., Gillinov, A. M., Grimm, R. A., Rodriguez, L. L., Mihaljevic, T., Stewart, W. J., Desai, M. Y. Tags: Valvular Heart Disease Source Type: research

Contemporary Management of Atrial Fibrillation: What Can Clinical Registries Tell Us About Stroke Prevention and Current Therapeutic Approaches? Contemporary Reviews
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 27, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lip, G. Y. H., Al-Khatib, S. M., Cosio, F. G., Banerjee, A., Savelieva, I., Ruskin, J., Blendea, D., Nattel, S., De Bono, J., Conroy, J. M., Hess, P. L., Guasch, E., Halperin, J. L., Kirchhof, P., G. Cosio, M. D., Camm, A. J. Tags: Contemporary Reviews Source Type: research

Obesity, Physical Activity, and Their Interaction in Incident Atrial Fibrillation in Postmenopausal Women Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Conclusions Greater physical activity is associated with lower rates of incident AF and modifies the association between obesity and incident AF.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 20, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Azarbal, F., Stefanick, M. L., Salmoirago-Blotcher, E., Manson, J. E., Albert, C. M., LaMonte, M. J., Larson, J. C., Li, W., Martin, L. W., Nassir, R., Garcia, L., Assimes, T. L., Tharp, K. M., Hlatky, M. A., Perez, M. V. Tags: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology Source Type: research

Choosing Wisely for Syncope: Low-Value Carotid Ultrasound Use Health Services and Outcomes Research
Conclusions These data suggest that carotid ultrasound for patients with uncomplicated syncope are still commonly ordered and may be an easy target for institutions striving to curtail low-value care.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 13, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Scott, J. W., Schwartz, A. L., Gates, J. D., Gerhard-Herman, M., Havens, J. M. Tags: Health Services and Outcomes Research Source Type: research

Prognostic Implications of Left Ventricular Dyssynchrony for Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Asymptomatic Women and Men: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Heart Failure
Conclusions In an asymptomatic cohort, greater LV dyssynchrony determined by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging predicts adverse cardiovascular outcome in women but not in men. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00005487.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 4, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sharma, R. K., Volpe, G., Rosen, B. D., Ambale-Venkatesh, B., Donekal, S., Fernandes, V., Wu, C. O., Carr, J., Bluemke, D. A., Lima, J. A. C. Tags: Heart Failure Source Type: research

B-type Natriuretic Peptides for the Prediction of Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Stable Coronary Heart Disease: The Heart and Soul Study Coronary Heart Disease
Conclusions Both BNP and NT-proBNP were significant predictors of MACE in stable coronary heart disease; however, NT-proBNP was superior to BNP for net risk reclassification for MACE.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - July 22, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mishra, R. K., Beatty, A. L., Jaganath, R., Regan, M., Wu, A. H. B., Whooley, M. A. Tags: Coronary Heart Disease Source Type: research

Incremental Prognostic Significance of the Elevated Levels of Pentraxin 3 in Patients With Heart Failure With Normal Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction Heart Failure
Conclusions High plasma PTX3 levels, but not other inflammatory markers, are correlated with future cardiovascular events in patients with HFNEF. PTX3 may be a useful biomarker for assessment of risk stratification in HFNEF. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.umin.ac.jp; Unique identifier: UMIN000002170.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - July 10, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Matsubara, J., Sugiyama, S., Nozaki, T., Akiyama, E., Matsuzawa, Y., Kurokawa, H., Maeda, H., Fujisue, K., Sugamura, K., Yamamoto, E., Matsui, K., Jinnouchi, H., Ogawa, H. Tags: Heart Failure Source Type: research

Reduction in Overall Occurrences of Ischemic Events With Vorapaxar: Results From TRACER Coronary Heart Disease
Conclusions Vorapaxar reduced overall occurrences of ischemic events, but increased bleeding. These exploratory findings broaden our understanding of vorapaxar's potential and expand our understanding of the value of capturing recurrent events. Clinical Trial Registration URL: ClinicalTrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00527943.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - July 10, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: White, H. D., Huang, Z., Tricoci, P., Van de Werf, F., Wallentin, L., Lokhnygina, Y., Moliterno, D. J., Aylward, P. E., Mahaffey, K. W., Armstrong, P. W. Tags: Coronary Heart Disease Source Type: research

Associations of Stressful Life Events and Social Strain With Incident Cardiovascular Disease in the Women's Health Initiative Epidemiology
Conclusions Higher SLE and social strain were associated with higher incident CVD independent of sociodemographic factors and depressive symptoms, but not behavioral and biological risk factors.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - June 27, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kershaw, K. N., Brenes, G. A., Charles, L. E., Coday, M., Daviglus, M. L., Denburg, N. L., Kroenke, C. H., Safford, M. M., Savla, T., Tindle, H. A., Tinker, L. F., Van Horn, L. Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Plasma Levels of the Proinflammatory Chitin-Binding Glycoprotein YKL-40, Variation in the Chitinase 3-Like 1 Gene (CHI3L1), and Incident Cardiovascular Events Epidemiology
Conclusions Among initially healthy U.S. women, plasma levels of the proinflammatory chitenase-like protein, YKL-40, were influenced by environmental as well as genetic factors and predicted incident thromboembolic stroke, but not MI, a differential effect consistent with limited previous data.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - June 23, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ridker, P. M., Chasman, D. I., Rose, L., Loscalzo, J., Elias, J. A. Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Haptoglobin 2-2 Genotype is Not Associated With Cardiovascular Risk in Subjects With Elevated Glycohemoglobin--Results From the Bruneck Study Genetics
Conclusions Subjects with the Hp 2-2 genotype and elevated HbA1c compared with subjects with other Hp genotypes and elevated HbA1c did not show increased CVD risk.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - May 16, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Pechlaner, R., Kiechl, S., Willeit, P., Demetz, E., Haun, M., Weger, S., Oberhollenzer, F., Kronenberg, F., Bonora, E., Weiss, G., Willeit, J. Tags: Genetics Source Type: research

Long-term Cardiovascular Risks Associated With an Elevated Heart Rate: The Framingham Heart Study Epidemiology
Conclusions Individuals with a higher heart rate are at elevated long-term risk for cardiovascular events, in particular, heart failure, and all-cause death. On the other hand, a higher heart rate is associated with a lower risk of future permanent pacemaker implantation.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - May 8, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ho, J. E., Larson, M. G., Ghorbani, A., Cheng, S., Coglianese, E. E., Vasan, R. S., Wang, T. J. Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Relationship Between Time in Therapeutic Range and Comparative Treatment Effect of Rivaroxaban and Warfarin: Results From the ROCKET AF Trial Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Conclusions The treatment effect of rivaroxaban compared with warfarin for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism is consistent regardless of cTTR.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - April 22, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Piccini, J. P., Hellkamp, A. S., Lokhnygina, Y., Patel, M. R., Harrell, F. E., Singer, D. E., Becker, R. C., Breithardt, G., Halperin, J. L., Hankey, G. J., Berkowitz, S. D., Nessel, C. C., Mahaffey, K. W., Fox, K. A. A., Califf, R. M., ROCKET AF Investig Tags: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology Source Type: research

Early Clopidogrel Versus Prasugrel Use Among Contemporary STEMI and NSTEMI Patients in the US: Insights From the National Cardiovascular Data Registry Coronary Heart Disease
Conclusions With prasugrel as an antiplatelet treatment option, contemporary practice shows low uptake of prasugrel and delays in P2Y12 antagonist initiation among NSTEMI patients. We also note concerning evidence of inappropriate use of prasugrel, and inadequate targeting of this more potent therapy to maximize the benefit/risk ratio.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - April 14, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sherwood, M. W., Wiviott, S. D., Peng, S. A., Roe, M. T., DeLemos, J., Peterson, E. D., Wang, T. Y. Tags: Coronary Heart Disease Source Type: research

Adherence to Guideline-Recommended Therapy Is Associated With Decreased Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events and Major Adverse Limb Events Among Patients With Peripheral Arterial Disease Heart Failure
Conclusions In patients with claudication or CLI, combination treatment with four guideline-recommended therapies is associated with significant reductions in MACE, MALE, and mortality.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - April 10, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Armstrong, E. J., Chen, D. C., Westin, G. G., Singh, S., McCoach, C. E., Bang, H., Yeo, K.-K., Anderson, D., Amsterdam, E. A., Laird, J. R. Tags: Heart Failure Source Type: research

A Randomized Pilot Study of Aortic Waveform Guided Therapy in Chronic Heart Failure Heart Failure
Conclusions Maximization of goal-directed medical therapy in heart failure patients may enhance afterload reduction and lead to reverse remodeling, while additional medicine titration based upon aortic pressure data improves exercise capacity in patients with heart failure.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - March 20, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Borlaug, B. A., Olson, T. P., Abdelmoneim Mohamed, S., Melenovsky, V., Sorrell, V. L., Noonan, K., Lin, G., Redfield, M. M. Tags: Heart Failure Source Type: research

Long-term Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery for Acute Coronary Syndromes Cardiovascular Surgery
Conclusions Severe, but not moderate, renal dysfunction was independently associated with an increased risk of long-term cardiovascular events and death in patients undergoing CABG for acute coronary syndromes.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - March 4, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Holzmann, M., Jernberg, T., Szummer, K., Sartipy, U. Tags: Cardiovascular Surgery Source Type: research