A rare case of congenital chylothorax in a Palestinian neonate
Conclusion: A female newborn diagnosed with right-sided pleural effusion by antenatal scan was confirmed to have congenital chylothorax postnataly. The infant responded to IV octreotide and MCT based formula feeding. (Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports)
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - October 11, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Pain severity and adequacy of pain management in terminally ill patients with cancer: An experience from North Palestine
Conclusion: There is substantial inadequacy in pain management in patients with cancer. The BPI-SF should be routinely used to evaluate pain severity, and analgesics should be prescribed equitably without discrimination with regard to gender and socioeconomic status of patients. (Source: Indian Journal of Palliative Care)
Source: Indian Journal of Palliative Care - October 11, 2019 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Haneen Mallah Raghda Mousa Nisreen Bani Fadl Samar Musmar Somedeb Ball Kenneth Nugent Source Type: research

Binge eating symptoms prevalence and relationship with psychosocial factors among female undergraduate students at Palestine Polytechnic University: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionIt was concluded that binge eating symptoms have considerable prevalence among the study participants, and it was significantly correlated with psychosocial factors. Future studies are needed to examine other risk factors and correlations. Educational programs are also recommended to increase the awareness of eating disorders as well as to promote healthy eating patterns. (Source: Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: Journal of Eating Disorders - October 2, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

15.4 the comprehensive school-based student support program in palestine
Palestinian and American clinicians affiliated with Georgetown University, George Washington University, and the United Palestinian Appeal studied the capacity of a school-based student mental health intervention. Needs assessment indicated concern in Palestine among school staff and the Ministry of Education regarding morale, intergroup conflict, and students presenting learning and behavioral challenges. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Michael Morse, Sherein Abdeen, Elizabeth C. Berger Tags: Clinical Perspectives 15 Source Type: research

Congenital idiopathic chylothorax: Case report from neonatal ICU, Palestine
Conclusion: A female newborn diagnosed with right-sided pleural effusion by antenatal scan was confirmed to have congenital chylothorax postnataly. The infant responded to IV octreotide and MCT based formula feeding. (Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports)
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - September 27, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Occupation, settlement, and the social determinants of health for West Bank Palestinians.
This article aims to review the literature on the social determinants of health for West Bank Palestinians and understand how settlement construction and policy influence these determinants. To accomplish these aims, the article first includes an analysis of how military infrastructure, resource allocation, land appropriation and house demolition related to the settlements influence the lives of West Bank Palestinians. The article then proceeds to review available literature on the social determinants of health in the West Bank, most notably: access to healthcare, exposure to political violence, economic conditions and wat...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Unite against: A common threat invokes spontaneous decategorization between social categories
Publication date: November 2019Source: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Volume 85Author(s): Felicitas Flade, Yechiel Klar, Roland ImhoffAbstractA frequent rhetoric in the political arena calls members of larger groups like nations to lay aside all dividing differences and unite in face of a common threat. In the present research we sought to test whether such a unifying effect of external threat already manifests in such basic cognitive processes as automatic categorization even for such strong schisms as the ones between black and white Americans or Israeli Jews and Arabs. In Studies 1 & 2 (N = 183/144, ...
Source: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology - September 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mediators of gender effects on depression among cardiovascular disease patients in Palestine
Among patients suffering from coronary heart disease (CHD) and comorbid depression, women experience a higher burden compared to men. Little is known on the characteristics that differentiate men and women wit... (Source: BMC Psychiatry)
Source: BMC Psychiatry - September 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hala Allabadi, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Abdulsalam Alkaiyat, Saleem Haj-Yahia, Christian Schindler, Marek Kwiatkowski and Elisabeth Zemp Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Medication transcription errors in hospitalized patient settings: a consensual study in the Palestinian nursing practice
Medication transcription errors (MTEs) are frequent in hospitalized patient settings. Definitions and scenarios that represent potential MTEs in the Palestinian nursing practice were not previously approached ... (Source: BMC Health Services Research)
Source: BMC Health Services Research - September 6, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Ramzi Shawahna, Abbas Abbas and Ameed Ghanem Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Genetic characteristics of Theileria equi in zebras, wild and domestic donkeys in Israel and the Palestinian Authority
This study was set to evaluate the presence of EP parasites in domestic donkeys and in wild equids in Israel and the Palestinian Authority (PA). To assess subclinical EP infection in 98 domestic donkeys (Equus africanus asinus), 9 Asiatic wild donkeys (Equus hemionus), 8 zebras (Equus quagga), 7 African wild donkeys (Equus africanus) and 5 mules, were tested using PCR and qPCR. Positive samples were characterized by amplification and sequencing of a 1600 bp fragment of the 18S rRNA gene. Babesia caballi was not detected in any of the animals. Theileria equi was detected in 32% of the donkeys, 89% of Asiatic wild donkeys, 5...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - September 4, 2019 Category: Zoology Source Type: research

Inequality of opportunity in educational attainment in the Middle East and North Africa: Evidence from household surveys
In this study, we find that - even in attending and staying in school- the playing field is not level. (Source: International Journal of Educational Development)
Source: International Journal of Educational Development - August 31, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Personal Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields Among Palestinian Adults
This work deals with the assessment of personal exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields and the study of temporal and spatial daily variations in a group of 24 adults from the West Bank, Palestine. Exposure was measured using a personal exposure meter EME SPY 140. Mean values of exposure levels from different radiofrequency sources were calculated using both naive and robust regression on order statistics approaches. The total daily exposure from all radiofrequency electromagnetic field sources varied widely among participants depending on their location, the mobile network they use, their activities, and their m...
Source: Health Physics - August 30, 2019 Category: Radiology Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

Common errors in writing the cause of death certificate in the Middle East
Publication date: Available online 29 August 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Mohammed Madadin, Aishah S. Alhuman, Naimah A. Bushulaybi, Assayl R. Alotaibi, Hala A. Aldakhil, Arwa Y. Alghamdi, Norah K. Al-Abdulwahab, Shahad Y. Assiri, Nesreen A. Alumair, Fai A. Almulhim, Ritesh G. MenezesAbstractA death certificate is an official document in which the medical practitioner primarily records the cause of death sequence, the time interval between the onset of the cause of death and death, and personal details of the deceased. Errors in death certificate documentation are not uncommon. We aim to rev...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - August 30, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Perspectives of Frontline Professionals on Palestinian Children Living with Sibling and Parental Drug Use in the West Bank and Gaza Strip
AbstractThe Occupied Territories of Palestine (OtP) consists of the non-contiguous West Bank including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip. Political and economic tensions and its dense populations compound the impact of drug abuse and addiction in the home. A qualitative study using four focus groups (n = 42) was conducted in West Bank and Gaza Strip explored the experiences of professionals working with Palestinian families and children affected by substance use and addiction in the home. Data were analysed using thematic analysis (TA), and four themes emerged. These were ‘The rising and sh ifting prob...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - August 30, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Physicians' and Nurses' Perceptions of and Attitudes Toward Incident Reporting in Palestinian Hospitals
Conclusion Clinicians acknowledge the importance of reporting incidents; however, prevalence of punitive culture and inadequate reporting systems are key barriers. Improving feedback about reported errors, simplifying procedures, providing clear guidelines on what and who should report, and avoiding blame are essential to enhance reporting. Moreover, health care organizations should consider the opinions of the clinicians in developing reporting systems. (Source: Journal of Patient Safety)
Source: Journal of Patient Safety - August 27, 2019 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity in three neonatal intensive care units in Palestine
Severe Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a serious vasoproliferative disorder that can affect extremely premature infants. It continues to be one of the most important preventable causes of blindness in chil... (Source: BMC Ophthalmology)
Source: BMC Ophthalmology - August 20, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Mohammad T. Akkawi, Mohammad M. Shehadeh, Amjaad N. Abu Shams, Doaa M. Al-Hardan, Lara J. Omar, Omar H. Almahmoud and Jamal A. S. Qaddumi Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Palestinian-Jewish bilingual schools in Israel: Unravelling the educational model
Publication date: October 2019Source: International Journal of Educational Development, Volume 70Author(s): Assaf MeshulamAbstractPalestinian-Jewish (“PJ”) bilingual (Arabic-Hebrew) schools in Israel represent a unique educational model that has seen a modest growth in the Israeli education field over the last few decades. A variety of terms are used to define this educational model, including bilingual, binational, multicultural, and integrated, as well as a form of peace education and critical democratic education. This multiplicity of definitions reflects the fact that while all the PJ schools were founded o...
Source: International Journal of Educational Development - August 15, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Indicators of Post-Operative Intraocular Pressure Elevation after Na ïve Fluocinolone Acetonide Surgical Implantation.
Conclusions: A risk factor of elevated post-FA implantation IOP includes younger age. A potential risk factor for glaucoma surgery after FA implantation was higher maximum IOP before FA implantation. PMID: 31408390 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation)
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - August 15, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research

Teaching tolerance or acting tolerant? Evaluating skills- and contact-based prejudice reduction interventions among Palestinian-Israeli and Jewish-Israeli youth
This study evaluated the effectiveness of two prejudice reduction interventions among 148 Palestinian-Israeli and 154 Jewish-Israeli 5th grade students (Mage.years = 10.55, SD = 0.26) in a high conflict area. Schools in Jaffa, Israel were assigned to a social-cognitive/emotional skills-based intervention, a skills- and contact-based intervention (i.e., skills, skills+contact), or the control group—all delivered as part of the curriculum. Prejudice was assessed through participants' judgments of and justifications about hypothetical scenarios of intergroup exclusion in peer and home contexts at pre-test, post-...
Source: Journal of School Psychology - August 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Maternal and child access to care and intensity of conflict in the occupied Palestinian territory: a pseudo longitudinal analysis (2000 –2014)
In the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), access to maternal and child healthcare (MCH) services are constrained due to the prolonged Israeli military occupation, the Separation Wall, army checkpoints, and ... (Source: Conflict and Health)
Source: Conflict and Health - August 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tiziana Leone, Diego Alburez-Gutierrez, Rula Ghandour, Ernestina Coast and Rita Giacaman Tags: Research Source Type: research

Development of RT-PCR assays for the detection and the resultant phylogenetic analysis of four grapevine vitiviruses based on the coat protein sequences.
This study reported for the first time: (i) the development of primers based on the complete CP gene sequences for RT-PCR assays for the universal detection of vitivirus species, (ii) the high genetic variability among Mediterranean isolates of vitiviruses and (iii) the presence of GVD in Jordanian vines, of GVE in grapevines from Hungary, Italy, Jordan, Malta and Palestine, and of GVF in grapevines from Afghanistan, Bulgaria, China, France, Hungary, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon and Malta. PMID: 31400362 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Virological Methods)
Source: Journal of Virological Methods - August 7, 2019 Category: Virology Authors: Elbeaino T, Chammem H, Alsaheli Z, Slimen AB, Digiaro M Tags: J Virol Methods Source Type: research

Fathers detained, contact restrained: Experiences of Palestinian children visiting their fathers in Israeli detention.
CONCLUSIONS: Even though the children's rights were infringed upon, they still endured hardships to maintain whatever contact was possible. International advocacy for the realization of the 'rights of the child' for Palestinian children, as well as other children of political detainees is warranted. PMID: 31400603 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - August 7, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Saleh MF, Rabaia Y, Balsam C, Amro Z, Kassis S, Giacaman R Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Patient safety culture among nurses working in Palestinian governmental hospital: a pathway to a new policy
Providing safe care helps to reduce mortality, morbidity, length of hospital stay and cost. Patient safety is highly linked to attitudes of health care providers, where those with more positive attitudes achie... (Source: BMC Health Services Research)
Source: BMC Health Services Research - August 6, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Nasser Ibrahim Abu-El-Noor, Mysoon Khalil Abu-El-Noor, Yousef Zuheir Abuowda, Maha Alfaqawi and Bettina B öttcher Tags: Research article Source Type: research

A comparative evaluation of medicine package inserts for oral antidiabetic agents in Palestine
Patient package inserts (PPIs) should provide accurate, sufficient, and clear information for patients as well as health care professionals. The goal of this study was to evaluate and compare the PPIs of local... (Source: BMC Public Health)
Source: BMC Public Health - August 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Malak Eshtayeh, Asia Draghmeh and Sa ’ed H. Zyoud Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Herbal remedies used for the treatment of infertility in males and females by traditional healers in the rural areas of the West Bank/Palestine
This study aimed to collect and doc... (Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine)
Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine - July 31, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Nidal Jaradat and Abdel Naser Zaid Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Negation of the Right of Women with Disabilities in Palestine to Marry: Cultural Considerations for Disability
AbstractThe right to marriage, family, and parenthood is embodied in Article 23 of the Convention on the Rights of Person ’s with disabilities. The purpose of this study was to explore the access to marriage for women with physical disabilities in Palestine. Seventeen women who acquired their disability before the age of 16 were interviewed. Fourteen participants were not married. Although these unwed participants be lieved they had the physical capacity to marry, and some had suitors, their families prohibited marriage. Participants reported marriage censure was buttressed by strong community attitudes. Three partic...
Source: Sexuality and Disability - July 30, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Waterpipe Tobacco Smoking among University Students in Three Eastern Mediterranean Countries: Patterns, Place, and Price.
Conclusions: This study contributes to our understanding of waterpipe smoking patterns, places of smoking, and prices paid among young adults in a region with alarmingly high smoking rates. Understanding waterpipe smoking behaviors can inform the design of policy and educational interventions to curb its rising threat. PMID: 31347433 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - July 29, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

The relationship between multiple exposures to violence and war trauma,  and mental health and behavioural problems among Palestinian children and adolescents
AbstractThe current study aims to investigate the effect of cumulative exposure to violence on mental health amongst children and adolescents living in the Gaza Strip. The sample consists of 1029 children and adolescents aged 11 –17 years. Of them, 533 (51.8%) were female and 496 (48.2%) were male. War-traumatic events were measured using the War-Traumatic Events Checklist (W-TECh). Violence was derived from the Multicultural Events Schedule for Adolescents (M.E.S.A.) containing three domains: violence at home, violence in the neighbourhood, and violence at school. Emotional and behavioural problems were measure...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Quality of Drinking Water from Springs in Palestine: West Bank as a Case Study.
Authors: Daghara A, Al-Khatib IA, Al-Jabari M Abstract The shortage of fresh water creates acute challenges in the West Bank of Palestine. Springs provide a main water resource in the West Bank. Investigating springs' water quality is essential step for promoting their public use. The aim of this research is to assess the microbiological and physiochemical quality parameters of drinking water from springs. The study methodology included sampling through field work and laboratory testing for water quality parameters using standard procedures. The study area covered all locations containing licensed springs by the Pa...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - July 26, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Maternal and child oral health interventions in Middle East and North Africa regions: a rapid review
ConclusionFurther investigation is essential to verify the effectiveness of incorporating multi ‐disciplinary, theory‐driven oral health interventions into ongoing WHO maternal and child health programmes in MENA countries to assist in promoting oral health and wellbeing. (Source: International Dental Journal)
Source: International Dental Journal - July 23, 2019 Category: Dentistry Authors: Lamis Abuhaloob, Steve MacGillivray, Peter Mossey, Ruth Freeman Tags: Concise Review Source Type: research

Ocular surface response and subjective symptoms associated to lens care solutions in Palestine
ConclusionThe combination of Bioxifilcon-B hydrogel contact lenses and solution containing PHMB, PAPB and Phx-disinfectants induced a significant increase in corneal staining after 2 h of CL-wear with a higher severity when the PHMB-based solution was used, while the PQ-1 + Alexidine-based solution did not. Only the PHMB-based solution triggered a significant change in subjective symptoms which might which suggests that it might be related to the severity of staining rather than the induction of staining.ResumenObjetivoComparar la biocompatibilidad y los síntomas subjetivos de cuatro soluciones multiu...
Source: Journal of Optometry - July 20, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Evaluation of the hypoglycemic effect of seven wild folkloric edible plants from Palestine
Authors: Hawash, Mohammed / Jaradat, Nidal / Elaraj, Josephean / Hamdan, Aseel / Lebdeh, Saja Abu / Halawa, Tamara (Source: Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine)
Source: Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine - July 19, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Oral health status and caries trend among 12-year old Palestine refugee students: results from the UNRWA ’s oral health surveys 2011 and 2016
In 2016 the United Nation Relief and Work Agency for Palestine refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) commissioned a survey on oral health among 12-year-old students at UNRWA schools in five fields of operation (Jo... (Source: BMC Oral Health)
Source: BMC Oral Health - July 18, 2019 Category: Dentistry Authors: Lilia Biscaglia, Patrizia di Caccamo, Irene Terrenato, Maria Antonietta Arrica, Akihiro Seita and Guglielmo Campus Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Screening of genes encoding adhesion factors and biofilm production in methicillin resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from Palestinian patients
Intercellular adhesion and biofilm production by Staphylococcus aureus makes these bacteria resistant to antimicrobial therapy. Here, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains were characterized ... (Source: BMC Genomics)
Source: BMC Genomics - July 12, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Kifaya Azmi, Walaa Qrei and Ziad Abdeen Tags: Research article Source Type: research

The mediating role of trait emotional intelligence, prosocial behaviour, parental support and parental psychological control on the relationship between war trauma, and PTSD and depression
Conclusion: Trait EI and parental support can be utilized in interventions to empower children and adolescents’ emotional abilities, to strengthen their resilience in facing traumatic event exposure, and thus reduce its effect on PTSD and depression symptoms. (Source: Journal of Research in Personality)
Source: Journal of Research in Personality - July 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Chemical Analysis and Cytotoxic and Cytostatic Effects of Twelve Honey Samples Collected from Different Regions in Morocco and Palestine.
Authors: Imtara H, Kmail A, Touzani S, Khader M, Hamarshi H, Saad B, Lyoussi B Abstract The aim of this in vitro study is to characterize the phenolic compounds of twelve honey samples collected from different locations in Palestine (H1-6) and Morocco (H7-12) and to evaluate their cytotoxic and cytostatic effects in cells from the human colorectal carcinoma cell line HCT-116 and breast cancer cell line MCF-7. Quantitative HPLC analysis revealed nine phenolic compounds in three Moroccan honey samples, namely, syringic acid, tannic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, coumaric acid, gallic acid, rosmarinic acid, epicate...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - July 4, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research

Predictors of Personal and Social Adjustment among Israeli-Palestinian Teenagers
AbstractIn the current study, we sought to uncover whether self-control, social support and subjective well-being enhance social and personal adjustment among Arab-Palestinian teenagers in Israel. We used a sample of 800 adolescents, and applied a cross-sectional methodology. Regression analyses revealed that: 1) higher levels of social support predicted higher levels of both personal and social adjustment; 2) higher levels of self-control predicted higher levels of personal and social adjustment and; 3) higher levels of positive affect predicted higher levels of both personal and social adjustment, whereas higher levels o...
Source: Child Indicators Research - July 3, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Palestinian Widows in Israel: Between the Hammer and the Anvil
Publication date: Available online 28 June 2019Source: Advances in Life Course ResearchAuthor(s): Tal MelerAbstractPalestinian women in Israel have a marginal social status which stems from the intersection of being part of an ethnic minority and of a patriarchal society. This low status is further exacerbated by widowhood. The present qualitative study, based on semi-structured interviews among 16 Palestinian widows in Israel, sought to explore strategies employed by these women to cope with financial and social challenges owing to the structural complexity at the interface of state law, religious law, and custom. The fin...
Source: Advances in Life Course Research - June 30, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Crime and Terror: Examining Criminal Risk Factors for Terrorist Recidivism
ConclusionsMany factors, including sentence length, age, and prior terrorist criminal records show similar impacts upon terrorist offenders. However, others have opposing impacts. While prior criminality is a known risk factor for criminal offenders, recidivism of terrorists into further terrorism involvement is inhibited by prior criminal records as opposed to prior records for terrorism. Marital status, generally seen as an inhibitor of criminality increases re-offending for the first offender group. This might be explained by the financial incentives that terrorism offenders and their families receive from the Palestini...
Source: Journal of Quantitative Criminology - June 26, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

The relationship between Trait emotional intelligence, prosocial behaviour, parental support and parental psychological control and PTSD and depression
ConclusionTrait EI and parental support can be utilized in interventions to empower children and adolescents’ emotional abilities, to strengthen their resilience in facing traumatic event exposure, and thus reduce its effect on PTSD and depression symptoms. (Source: Journal of Research in Personality)
Source: Journal of Research in Personality - June 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Systemic activation of the complement system in patients with advanced age-related macular degeneration.
Abstract PURPOSE: To examine the role of systemic activation of the complement system (assessed by levels of circulating C3a, Ba, and sC5b-9) in patients (n = 122) with advanced age-related macular degeneration, geographic atrophy, and neovascular age-related macular degeneration, compared with cataract controls (n = 27). METHODS: Plasma complement factors were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Statistical analysis included univariate and multivariate logistic regression (p 
Source: European Journal of Ophthalmology - June 17, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lynch AM, Mandava N, Patnaik JL, Frazer-Abel AA, Wagner BD, Palestine AG, Mathias MT, Siringo FS, Cathcart JN, Holers VM Tags: Eur J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Lead-based paints and children's PVC toys are potential sources of domestic lead poisoning - A review.
Abstract Lead (Pb) both in paints and children's Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) toys is a major public health concern which has attracted attention of the international community. Concentrations of Pb both in lead-based paints and children's PVC toys have been assessed through various studies across the globe. Therefore, the purpose of this article was to summarize the results reported in these studies and provide some comprehension on their implications to human health for law enforcement as well as for awareness raising to the general public. Highlights on identified gaps have been provided to pave ways for further re...
Source: Environmental Pollution - June 1, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Njati SY, Maguta MM Tags: Environ Pollut Source Type: research

A sense of national coherence and openness to the “other’s” collective narrative: The case of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.
The purpose of this study was to examine a new concept—sense of national coherence (SONC) and its role as a mediator between levels of conservativeness (as measured by voting behavior and religious grouping) and the tendency to delegitimize the “other’s” collective narratives. Based on Antonovsky’s (1987) concept of sense of coherence, SONC is defined as an enduring tendency to perceive one’s national group as comprehensible, manageable, and meaningful. The research questions were examined among Israeli Jews in the context of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. Questionnaires adapted...
Source: Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology - May 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

From ideological tensions to pedagogical solutions: Narratives of Israeli arab-palestinian civics teachers
This study wishes to advance the ongoing discourses of civic education and practices of teaching civics by focusing on the realities of minority civics teachers, who are in conflictual relations with the ruling majority. Focusing on narratives of eight Israeli Arab-Palestinian civics teachers, we traced three central ideological tensions that they encountered: 1) Between conflicting identities; 2) Between the official curriculum and students’ lived experiences, and 3) Between active and passive modes of citizenship. The main argument highlights the teachers’ reflections on pedagogy and teaching practices seen b...
Source: International Journal of Educational Development - May 29, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Severe disseminated intravascular coagulation in a child envenomated by echis coloratus and succesful treatment with monovalent equine immunoglobulin g antivenom.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The Echis coloratus (Burton Carpet viper), a highly toxic venomous viper snake belonging to the family of Viperidae, is responsible for a large proportion of the venomous snakebites in Israel and Palestinian Authority. Thrombolytic enzymes are present in Echis coloratus venom and significant coagulopathy is typical after envenomation. Here we report a case of envenomation by an Echis coloratus viperidae snake that involved severe coagulopathy as the main systemic manifestation with severe bleeding after fasciotomy. CASE DETAILS: A 3-year-old boy was admitted to our pediatric critical care...
Source: Toxicon - May 28, 2019 Category: Toxicology Authors: Glatstein M, Lerman L, Friedman S, Carbell G, Munchak I, Valla U, Scolnik D, Hoyte C Tags: Toxicon Source Type: research

Introduction of Novel Surgical Techniques: A Survey on Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Surgeons.
Abstract PURPOSE: To investigate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of surgeons toward introducing novel surgical techniques in Egypt, Palestine, and Vietnam. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Despite the recent advances in modern surgical care and its role in advancing the quality and the length of lives, surgery in the developing world has stagnated or even regressed. METHODS: A survey was undertaken among the surgeons in 9 hospitals belonging to the 3 countries. Questions were categorized into knowledge, attitude, and practice questions. Meta-analyses were performed to estimate the event rate and compare be...
Source: Surgical Innovation - May 26, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Ahmed AM, Giang HTN, Ghozy S, Salem H, Algazar MO, Altibi A, Son HT, Nam Anh TH, Cuong TD, Tuan LQA, Vuong NL, Abdou M, Ghorab MM, Tran NB, Elawady SS, Elmaraezy A, Minh LHN, Hirayama K, Huy NT Tags: Surg Innov Source Type: research

What Do Primary Healthcare Providers and Complementary and Alternative Medicine Practitioners in Palestine Need to Know about Exercise for Cancer Patients and Survivors: A Consensual Study Using the Delphi Technique.
Conclusion: Formal consensus was achieved for the first time on a core list of knowledge items on how exercises and physical activities might stimulate anticancer immunity. This core list might be considered at the time of developing training/educational interventions and/or continuing education for primary healthcare providers and CAM practitioners. Future studies are still needed to investigate if such consensual lists might improve congruence in cancer care continuum and improve survival rates and wellbeing of cancer patients and survivors. PMID: 31118968 [PubMed] (Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine)
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - May 25, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research

Relationship between severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia and severe retinopathy of prematurity in premature newborns
We examined the relationship between moderate–severe BPD and the development of severe ROP (type 1 or 2) using univariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression with the odds ratio as a measure of association. Covariates included gestational age and birth weight at delivery.ResultsA total of 625 cases were reviewed. Of these, 64 infants (10%) developed severe ROP and 176 (28%) infants developed moderate–severe BPD. We found a significant relationship between these two outcomes following adjustments for gestational age, birth weight, and multiparity (OR = 3.2; 95% CI, 1.6-6.5 [P
Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus - May 25, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Relationship between severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia and severe retinopathy of prematurity in premature newborns
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) are two adverse sequelae of preterm birth associated with abnormal vascular development. The purpose of this study was to characterize the relationship between these two outcomes at a single institution. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - May 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Jasleen K. Singh, Erica M. Wymore, Brandie D. Wagner, Tamara S. Thevarajah, Jennifer L. Jung, John P. Kinsella, Alan G. Palestine, Anne M. Lynch Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Nurses ’ knowledge, perceived barriers, and practices regarding cancer pain management: a cross-sectional study from Palestine
In this study, we aimed to assess the knowledge and practices of nurses relating to the ... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - May 23, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Haneen A. Toba, Ahmad M. Samara and Sa ’ed H. Zyoud Tags: Research article Source Type: research