Utilisation of medical rehabilitation services by persons of working age with a migrant background, in comparison to non-migrants: a scoping review.
Authors: Dyck M, Breckenkamp J, Wicherski J, Schröder CC, du Prel JB, Razum O Abstract In Germany, an ageing population is affected by societal and political changes due to demographic transition, e.g. by a prolonged working life for older employees. Demographic change also influences persons of higher working age with a migrant background. In 2018, 25% of all employees in Germany had a migrant background. Those affected by poor health at a higher working age can benefit from medical rehabilitation services, which aim to prevent early retirement and disabilities. So far, the utilisation of medical rehabilitati...
Source: Public Health Reviews - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Community-based interventions to increase dairy intake in healthy populations: a systematic review.
Conclusion: Three policy options including educational interventions, multiple interventions, and changing the purchase pattern are suggested. It seems that applying all of the interventions together can be more effective. Also, long-term and well-designed future studies in different settings are recommended to confirm these results. PMID: 32774990 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

The evolution of a healthcare interpreting service mapped against the bilingual health communication model: a historical qualitative case study.
Conclusions: Healthcare interpreting at Geneva University Hospitals has evolved from a 'muddling-through' approach towards an institutional approach by addressing quality of care, by focussing on the mental health of asylum seekers, training of both interpreters and users of interpreters and institutional policy based on equity. PMID: 32774991 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Correction to: HPV knowledge and vaccine acceptance among European adolescents and their parents: a systematic literature review.
Authors: López N, Garcés-Sánchez M, Panizo MB, de la Cueva IS, Artés MT, Ramos B, Cotarelo M Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40985-020-00126-5.]. PMID: 32699653 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - July 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Knowledge of obstetric danger signs and associated factors among mothers in Bahir Dar district, northwest Ethiopia: an institution-based cross-sectional study.
Authors: Jewaro M, Yenus H, Ayanaw Y, Abera B, Derso T Abstract Background: Like other developing countries, in Ethiopia, obstetric complications contribute to about 50% of the maternal deaths. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess knowledge of obstetric danger signs and its associated factors among mothers attending the postnatal clinic at Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar district, northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 410 postnatal mothers at Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital from June to September 2015. Knowledge of obstetric danger signs among postnat...
Source: Public Health Reviews - July 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Voting, health and interventions in healthcare settings: a scoping review.
Conclusion: Voting and health are associated, namely people with worse health tend to be less likely to engage in voting. Differences in voter participation due to social, economic, and health inequities have been shown to have large effects on electoral outcomes. Research gaps were identified in the following areas: long-term effects of voting on health, the effects of other forms of democratic engagement on health, and the broader impact that health providers and organizations can have on voting through interventions in their communities. PMID: 32626605 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - July 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

The impact of being of the female gender for household head on the prevalence of food insecurity in Ethiopia: a systematic-review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Negesse A, Jara D, Habtamu Temesgen, Dessie G, Getaneh T, Mulugeta H, Abebaw Z, Taddege T, Wagnew F, Negesse Y Abstract Background: Ethiopia signed both for Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) previously and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) currently to improve food security through gender equality and empowerment of women by positioning them as household leader. However, there is no concrete evidence about the impact of being of the female gender for household head on the prevalence of food insecurity at the national level, the authors' intention being to fill this gap. Methods: Preferred Reportin...
Source: Public Health Reviews - June 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

History and status quo of higher public health education in China.
Authors: Jin H, Dong G, Zou L, Shen X, Li D Abstract This purpose of the study is to systematically understand the development history and influencing factors of higher public health education in China. We extensively collected the public health education-related literature in China, summarized the general framework, historical origin, and development mode of the existing public health education system, and discussed the potential development tendency. Public health education in China changed with the development of higher medical education and higher education in China. Higher education in China has experienced se...
Source: Public Health Reviews - June 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Social determinants of maternal health: a scoping review of factors influencing maternal mortality and maternal health service use in India.
Conclusion: The model integrates existing information from quantitative and qualitative studies and provides a more comprehensive picture of structural and intermediary factors of maternal health service use and maternal mortality in India and their mechanisms of influence. Given the limitations of this study, we indicate the areas for further research pertaining to the framework and maternal health. PMID: 32514389 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - June 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Global South expatriates, homesickness and adjustment approaches.
Authors: Hack-Polay D Abstract Purpose: The research examines homesickness in organisationally assigned expatriates from developing countries or Global South serving in Western contexts. It investigates the extent to which homesickness has personal and organisational consequences and explores the coping mechanisms used by expatriates. Design/methodology/approach: This is a qualitative research built on unstructured interviews with organisationally assigned expatriates from the Global South. Findings: The research found that homesickness has consequences for both expatriates and organisations. These conseque...
Source: Public Health Reviews - June 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

A narrative review of gaps in the provision of integrated care for noncommunicable diseases in India.
Conclusion: This paper reinforces the need for an integrated comprehensive model of NCD care especially at primary health care level to address the growing burden of these diseases. This overarching review is quite relevant and useful in organizing NCD care in Indian and similar LMIC settings. PMID: 32435518 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - May 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Case report on energy drink consumption among Health Sciences University students in Gauteng Province, South Africa.
Conclusion: There is an urgent need for an appropriate public health prevention intervention so that ED consumers can make informed choices when indulging in these health behaviors before the seemingly harmless consumption of ED amongst students becomes a public health issue. PMID: 32435519 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - May 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

HPV knowledge and vaccine acceptance among European adolescents and their parents: a systematic literature review.
Conclusion: HPV knowledge and vaccine acceptance are still modest and vary widely between studies across EU countries. Coordinated efforts should be made to provide the relevant population with information for informed decision-making about HPV vaccination. PMID: 32435520 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - May 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Meat and colorectal cancer in Middle Eastern and North African countries: update of literature review.
Conclusion: This is the first literature review which illustrated the association between meat consumption and CRC risk in MENA region. We concluded that these studies included in this review have been controversial and not sufficient to establish a clear relationship between CRC and meat consumption in the MENA region. Further studies are necessary to be carried out in this region, with a larger sample size and submit to rigorous criteria. This review will help researchers to improve the quality of future studies about the association between CRC and nutritional diet in general and meat in particular. PMID: 32426173 [...
Source: Public Health Reviews - May 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Barriers and facilitators to implementing bubble CPAP to improve neonatal health in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review.
Conclusions: With a strong recommendation by the World Health Organization for its use with premature infants with respiratory distress, it is important to understand the barriers and facilitators that can inform the implementation of bubble CPAP. More research is needed into health system factors that can support or impede the use of this potentially promising intervention. PMID: 32368359 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - May 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Involvement in maternal care by migrants and ethnic minorities: a narrative review.
Conclusion: Constraints to adequate and inclusive involvement in maternal care can hinder access to quality care and result in severe negative health outcomes for migrant and ethnic minority women. More research is needed into how to tailor the dimensions of involvement to migrant and ethnic minorities' needs and preferences, followed by provision of the resources necessary for effective implementation (e.g. sufficient time for consultations, optimal interpreter systems, health care staff training). PMID: 32280558 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - April 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Communicable Diseases: Achievements and Challenges for Public Health.
Authors: Schlipköter U, Flahault A Abstract The past two centuries have seen enormous achievements in control of infectious diseases, previously the leading cause of death, in large measure due to sanitation and food safety, vaccines, antibiotics and improved nutrition. This has led people to put their faith in the notion that medical science would succeed in overcoming the remaining obstacles. Vaccination has eradicated smallpox, nearly eradicated poliomyelitis and greatly reduced many other highly dangerous infections such as diphtheria, tetanus and measles. New diseases such as HIV and new forms of influenz...
Source: Public Health Reviews - April 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

The Political Face of Public Health.
Authors: Brown LD Abstract Public health is politically paradoxical because its core conceptual components - the exercise of public authority and the promotion of population health - stand in practical tension that belies their theoretical promise. Across Western nations, public policymakers stand accused of failing properly to honor and support the crucial contributions that public health makes to the improvement of health outcomes and of overinvesting in acute medical care services, the need for which timely interventions in prevention and health promotion might have averted. The dramatic budgetary discrepancies ...
Source: Public Health Reviews - April 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Influenza pandemics: past, present and future challenges.
Authors: Flahault A, Zylberman P Abstract Influenza epidemics occur regularly and prediction of their conversion to pandemics and their impact is difficult. Coordination of efforts on a global scale to control or reduce the impact is fraught with potential for under and overreaction. In light of the 1956 pandemic and more recently the SARS and H1N1 pandemics, the public health community took steps toward strengthening global surveillance and a coordinated response in keeping with the continuing memory of the tragedy seen in 1918. The scientific, professional, and technical resources of the 21st century are now adva...
Source: Public Health Reviews - April 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Public Health Education in the United States: Then and Now.
Authors: Rosenstock L, Helsing K, Rimer BK Abstract It was against a background of no formal career path for public health officers that, in 1915, the seminal Welch-Rose Report1 outlined a system of public health education for the United States. The first schools of public health soon followed, but growth was slow, with only 12 schools by 1960. With organization and growing numbers, accreditation became an expectation. As the mission of public health has grown and achieved new urgency, schools have grown in number, depth and breadth. By mid-2011, there were 46 accredited schools of public health, with more in the p...
Source: Public Health Reviews - April 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Public Health Research Priorities For The Future.
Authors: Ness RB Abstract The last century of innovative public health discoveries has led most of the world's population to lead longer, healthier lives. Yet, the future holds some of the greatest public health challenges in mankind's history. Global disparities in health; medication safety; climate change; epidemics of obesity and diabetes; an aging world demographic; and emerging infections all represent problems requiring scientific solutions. The solutions to these problems, like the solutions to those in the last century that contributed so greatly to our quality of life, will require paradigm-shifting innova...
Source: Public Health Reviews - April 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

A Game Change in Global Health: The Best Is Yet to Come.
Authors: Kickbusch I Abstract Health will continue to gather strength as a global public domain if it links itself strategically with other transnational agendas and strengthens its political ability to produce global public goods for health. Three new political spaces offer opportunities to take the global health agenda a significant step forward: the emerging new development paradigm, the post-2015 debates at the United Nations and the dynamics created through the increasing trans-border health challenges the World Health Organization (WHO) must deal with under conditions of globalization. Presently there are con...
Source: Public Health Reviews - April 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Inequities and inequalities in outdoor walking groups: a scoping review.
Conclusions: The published literature on outdoor walking groups leaves unanswered questions regarding participation inequalities, with implications for future physical activity promotion. Currently, participation in outdoor walking groups is typically more prevalent among advantaged subpopulations. We make recommendations for research and practice to address these issues, as well as aid the translation of existing knowledge into practice. We advocate increased focus on the social determinants of engagement. A more consistent approach to collecting and analysing participant socio-demographic data is required. Our findings a...
Source: Public Health Reviews - March 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Trans health care from a depathologization and human rights perspective.
Authors: Suess Schwend A Abstract Trans people are exposed to multiple human right violations in clinical practice and research. From 1975 on, gender transition processes have been classified as a mental disorder in diagnostic classification manuals, a classification that was removed recently from ICD, International Classification of Diseases, and continues in DSM, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Trans people in different world regions are forced to accept psychiatric diagnoses and assessment in order to get access to trans health care, subject to reparative therapies and exposed to transphob...
Source: Public Health Reviews - February 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

The health status of the early care and education workforce in the USA: a scoping review of the evidence and current practice.
Conclusion: The limited evidence available for review describes a workforce in need of health promotion interventions to address high levels of mental and physical health challenges, some above and beyond peers with comparable demographic characteristics. Several promising interventions were identified from both the published and unpublished literature; these interventions should be further implemented and evaluated to assess their impact on the workforce. PMID: 31934495 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - January 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Urbanization: a problem for the rich and the poor?
Authors: Kuddus MA, Tynan E, McBryde E Abstract Urbanization has long been associated with human development and progress, but recent studies have shown that urban settings can also lead to significant inequalities and health problems. This paper is concerned with the adverse impact of urbanization on both developed and developing nations and both wealthy and poor populations within those nations, addressing issues associated with public health problems in urban areas. The discussion in this paper will be of interest to policy makers. The paper advocates policies that improve the socio-economic conditions of the ur...
Source: Public Health Reviews - January 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Use of health outcome and health service utilization indicators as an outcome of access to medicines in Brazil: perspectives from a literature review.
Conclusions: This research showed the variety and heterogeneity of the indicators used in scientific studies. The best indicators for access to medicines are sought to measure the use of health services for symptomatic health conditions that are quickly responsive to pharmacological treatment, while the indicators related to worker productivity loss was the most suitable for health outcomes. PMID: 31867131 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - December 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

A scoping review on sexual and reproductive health behaviors among Tanzanian adolescents.
Conclusion: Adolescents engage in high-risk sexual behaviors and experience its adverse consequences. It is essential to collect more information, but the existing evidence supports a need for improving provision of sexual and reproductive health services among Tanzanian adolescents. PMID: 31508247 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - September 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Critical reflections, challenges and solutions for migrant and refugee health: 2nd M8 Alliance Expert Meeting.
This report is shaped by discussions from the second M8 Alliance Expert Meeting (Sapienza University of Rome, Italy, 15-16 June 2018) and is supported by supplementing literature to develop a framework addressing critical reflections, challenges and solutions of and for migrant and refugee health. This report aims to inform decision-making fostering a humanitarian, ethics and rights-based approach. Through a series of country-specific case studies and discussions, this report captures the most prominent themes and recommendations such as mental health, tuberculosis (TB) and best practices for increased access. PMID: 30...
Source: Public Health Reviews - March 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Healthcare human resource development in Saudi Arabia: emerging challenges and opportunities-a critical review.
Conclusion: Vision 2030 adopted in 2016 is a testimony to a revolutionary step undertaken by the government and that the healthcare sector is also passing through a major shift in its approach and execution. Vision 2030 has come out with a very clear sense of direction to the healthcare sector, and the projected shift from the existing one-third to two-third Saudi-to-foreigner workforce ratio by the year 2030 needs to be adopted carefully to turn the healthcare HRD challenges into opportunities. PMID: 30858991 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - March 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Health professionals' perspectives on breast cancer risk stratification: understanding evaluation of risk versus screening for disease.
Conclusions: Our study was the first to evaluate the perspectives of health professionals on the implementation and benefits of a new program for breast cancer risk stratification with the purpose of personalizing screening for disease. This new multi-step approach to screening requires more clarity in communication with health professionals. To implement and maintain effective screening, engagement of family physicians with other health professionals or even development of a centralized public health system may be needed. PMID: 30858992 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - March 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

The effect of antenatal care follow-up on neonatal health outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Wondemagegn AT, Alebel A, Tesema C, Abie W Abstract Background: Neonatal mortality is one of the major public health problems throughout the world and most notably in developing countries. There exist inconclusive findings on the effect of antenatal care visits on neonatal death worldwide. Thus, the aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to reveal the pooled effect of antenatal care visits on neonatal death. Methods: The present systematic review and meta-analysis was performed using published literature, which was accessed from national and international databases such as, Medline/PubMed,...
Source: Public Health Reviews - December 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Cardiovascular disease in racial/ethnic minority populations: illness burden and overview of community-based interventions.
Authors: Muncan B Abstract Cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death in the USA, poses a unique and multilateral burden to racial/ethnic minorities. The admixture of comorbid conditions, structural barriers, and psychosocial standing complicates the prevention, diagnosis, and management of cardiovascular disease in racial/ethnic minority populations and requires newer approaches to reduce existing disparities. A discussion of the cardiovascular disease risk burden is presented, along with an overview of multi-stratified considerations for improving racial/ethnic minority cardiovascular health via community...
Source: Public Health Reviews - December 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Higher education as a platform for capacity building to address violence against women and promote gender equality: the Swedish example.
Authors: Okenwa-Emgwa L, von Strauss E Abstract Violence against women is an acknowledged public and global health problem which has adverse consequences for women's health. Education, especially higher education, has long been identified as an important arena for addressing the problem and promoting gender equality. Two measures recently put in place in the Swedish higher education have brought the role of the sector into focus. The first is the inclusion of gender equality as a measurable outcome in quality assurance in higher education. The second measure is the amendment of the Swedish Higher Education Ordinanc...
Source: Public Health Reviews - November 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Exclusive breastfeeding and rotavirus vaccination are associated with decreased diarrheal morbidity among under-five children in Bahir Dar, northwest Ethiopia.
Conclusion: In Bahir Dar, one in every ten of the under-five children surveyed suffered from diarrheal morbidity. Thus, implementing effective rotavirus vaccination programs, encouraging exclusive breastfeeding and emphasizing appropriate solid waste management would reduce childhood diarrheal morbidity in the region. In addition, the finding suggests that improved child care mechanisms, especially for mothers working outside the home, and efforts to increase household income should be intensified to reduce incidence of diarrhea. PMID: 30410814 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - November 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Incitement, genocide, genocidal terror, and the upstream role of indoctrination: can epidemiologic models predict and prevent?
Authors: Richter ED, Markus DK, Tait C Abstract We apply the models and tools of epidemiology and public health to propose a unified field theory showing the role of ideologies, indoctrination, and incitement, in genocide, genocidal terror, and terror by groups or individuals. We examine the effects of indoctrination and incitement as exposures and risks in relation to genocide and genocidal terror. Incitement has been recognized as a trigger to these outcomes but indoctrination is upstream to incitement. Population-wide exposure to indoctrination increases susceptibility to the effects of incitement. These relatio...
Source: Public Health Reviews - November 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

The Community Health Experience Model-value generation from person-centered health transaction network.
Conclusions: In conclusion, the proposed Community Health Experience Model is a novel and promising approach to designing the structure of more effective and efficient health services and collaborative networks. PMID: 30288335 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - October 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Health system barriers and levers in implementation of the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) in Pakistan: an evidence informed situation analysis.
Conclusion: For better immunization coverage and ultimately a reduction in child mortality due to preventable diseases, EPI operations and performance must be improved. Further systematic implementation research could help to develop an even finer understanding of the system-wide bottlenecks encumbering the coverage and efficiency of the program. PMID: 30237907 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - September 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Screening and treatment of hypertension in older adults: less is more?
Authors: Anker D, Santos-Eggimann B, Santschi V, Del Giovane C, Wolfson C, Streit S, Rodondi N, Chiolero A Abstract Screening and treatment of hypertension is a cornerstone of cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. Hypertension causes a large proportion of cases of stroke, coronary heart disease, heart failure, and associated disability and is highly prevalent especially among older adults. On the one hand, there is robust evidence that screening and treatment of hypertension prevents CVD and decreases mortality in the middle-aged population. On the other hand, among older adults, observational studies have shown...
Source: Public Health Reviews - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Assessing trauma in a transcultural context: challenges in mental health care with immigrants and refugees.
Authors: Wylie L, Van Meyel R, Harder H, Sukhera J, Luc C, Ganjavi H, Elfakhani M, Wardrop N Abstract The growing numbers of refugees and immigrants from conflict-prone areas settling throughout the world bring several challenges for those working in the mental health care system. Immigrants and refugees of all ages arrive with complex and nuanced mental health histories of war, torture, and strenuous migration journeys. Many of the challenges of addressing the health care needs for this growing population of immigrants and refugees are often unfamiliar, and thus practices to address these challenges are not yet ro...
Source: Public Health Reviews - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Participation in lung cancer screening programs: are there gender and social differences? A systematic review.
Authors: Schütte S, Dietrich D, Montet X, Flahault A Abstract Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. A number of screening trials for early detection of lung cancer exist, using chest X-ray, low-dose computed tomography, or both. However, little is known about the socio-demographic characteristics of participants in lung cancer screening programs. As gender and socio-economic determinants are important variables to consider for successful program implementation, this review aims to characterize the participants in such programs and to investigate whether differences in representat...
Source: Public Health Reviews - August 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Food safety impacts of antimicrobial use and their residues in aquaculture.
Conclusion: Prudent use of antibiotics in aquaculture under veterinary supervision is critical in ensuring safety of aquaculture products. Good animal husbandry practices as well as the use of alternatives to antibiotics such as vaccination, probiotics, phage therapy, and essential oils are recommended panaceas to reducing the use of antimicrobial residues in aquaculture and consequent food safety effects. PMID: 30094087 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - August 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Household wellbeing and health risks in Mexican households with and without migrants: a cross-sectional analysis.
Conclusions: Results showed that socioeconomic, demographic, and health conditions differed between households with and without emigrants. These differences were determined as not being attributable to migration and cannot be considered as predisposing factors of migration. PMID: 30083397 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - August 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Issues of accessibility to health services by older Australians: a review.
Conclusions: The contribution of factors to health service accessibility varies according to an older person's geographical local and their accessibility to transport, as well as their level of multi-morbidity and cultural background. Improving access to health services could be improved by matching services to the population that they serve. PMID: 30027001 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - July 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Assessing the value of screening tools: reviewing the challenges and opportunities of cost-effectiveness analysis.
Conclusions: To capture all important costs and outcomes of a screening tool, screening pathways should be modeled including patient treatment. Also, false positive and false negative patients are likely to have important costs and consequences and should be included in the analysis. As these patients are difficult to identify in regular data sources, common treatment patterns should be used to determine how these patients are likely to be treated. It is important that assumptions are clearly indicated and that the consequences of these assumptions are tested in sensitivity analyses, particularly the assumptions of indepen...
Source: Public Health Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Social autopsy for maternal and perinatal deaths in Bangladesh: a tool for community dialog and decision making.
Authors: Biswas A, Ferdoush J, Abdullah ASM, Halim A Abstract Bangladesh has an established comprehensive death review system for tracking and reviewing maternal and perinatal deaths. This death review system, established in 2010, was initially known as the "Maternal and Perinatal Death Review (MPDR) System." One of the key interventions of the MPDR system, social autopsy (SA), is generally undertaken following a maternal or perinatal death notification. Social autopsy is managed at the community level by government field health workers. The main purpose of SA is to enable community discussion and create ...
Source: Public Health Reviews - July 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Public health implications of overscreening for carotid artery stenosis, prediabetes, and thyroid cancer.
Conclusions: Screening for carotid artery stenosis, prediabetes, and thyroid cancer in an asymptomatic population can result in unnecessary, harmful, and costly care. Systemic challenges to lowering overscreening include lack of clinician awareness, examination of conflicts of interests, perverse financial incentives, and communication with the general public. PMID: 29988604 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - July 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Screening for social determinants of health in clinical care: moving from the margins to the mainstream.
Conclusion: There is increasing traction within the medical field for improving social history taking and integrating more formal screening for social determinants of health within clinical practice. There is also a growing number of high-quality evidence-based reviews that identify interventions that are effective in promoting health equity at the individual patient level, and at broader community and structural levels. PMID: 29977645 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - July 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Developing the public health workforce: training and recognizing specialists in public health from backgrounds other than medicine: experience in the UK.
Conclusion: The transition from a predominantly medical to a multidisciplinary public health specialist workforce over a relatively short timescale is unprecedented globally and was the product of a sustained period of grass roots activism aligned with national policy innovation. the UK experience might provide a model for other countries seeking to develop public health specialist workforce capacity in line with the Essential Public Health Operations. PMID: 29942671 [PubMed] (Source: Public Health Reviews)
Source: Public Health Reviews - June 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research

Human rights in patient care: drug treatment and punishment in Russia.
Authors: Golichenko M, Chu SKH Abstract An inherent feature of drug control in many countries has been an excessive emphasis on punitive measures at the expense of public health. At its most extreme, this approach has reduced health services for people who use drugs to an extension of the drug control system. In these environments, health services are punitive rather than supportive for people who use drugs, especially those who are drug dependent. In Russia, the government's official policy towards drug use is one of "social intolerance," which seeks to legitimize and encourage societal ill treatment of ...
Source: Public Health Reviews - June 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research