Life after conflict-related amputation trauma: a clinical study from the Gaza Strip - Heszlein-Lossius HE, Al-Borno Y, Shaqqoura S, Skaik N, Giil LM, Gilbert M.
We describe the injuries, complications, living conditions and health am... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The burden of war-injury in the Palestinian health care sector in Gaza Strip (Correction) - Mosleh M, Dalal K, Aljeesh Y, Svanstr öm L.
In the original publication of this article [1] the background section contained an inaccurate mention of the amount of civilian deaths in the 2014 Gaza war. In this correction article the incorrect and correct information are published for clarification.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

God or country? Fusion with Judaism predicts desire for retaliation following Palestinian Stabbing Intifada - Fredman LA, Bastian B, Swann WB.
Research indicates that existential threat may motivate in-group members to retaliate against out-group members. Less is known about the impact of alignment with one's religious or national group on retaliatory activity. We addressed this deficiency in a l... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Victims of war-psychoendocrine evidence for the impact of traumatic stress on psychological well-being of adolescents growing up during the Israeli-Palestinian conflict - Shaheen M, Schindler L, Saar-Ashkenazy R, Bani Odeh K, Soreq H, Friedman A, Kirschbaum C.
Violent conflicts are severe traumatic stressors with detrimental effects on physical and mental health, with children and adolescents being particularly at risk. For the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, characteristic patterns of dysregulation i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Narrating hope and resistance: a critical analysis of sources of agency among Palestinian children living under military violence - Veronese G, Cavazzoni F, Antenucci S.
BACKGROUND: In light of critical and socioconstructionist theories, the aim of our research was to analyze source of agency, psychological adjustment to trauma as protective factors against political violence in children living in three different refugee c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Old (Molotov) cocktails in new bottles? "Price-tag" and settler violence in Israel and the West Bank - Eiran E, Krause P.
In the early morning of July 31, 2015, masked attackers threw firebombs into two Palestinian homes in the West Bank village of Duma, south of Nablus, killing three Palestinian civilians. Contrary to claims by Israeli and Palestinian politicians, this attac... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Enhancing resilience and inclusive development for adolescents with disabilities (2018)
Report summarizes findings from a survey of adolescents with disabilities from Jordan, Ethiopia, Palestine, and Bangladesh, focusing on barriers to education, health services, psychosocial wellbeing, protection from violence, mobility, and opportunities to participate in their communities.(ODI) (Source: HSR Information Central)
Source: HSR Information Central - July 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Palestinian adolescents' prolonged exposure to political violence, self- esteem, and post-traumatic stress symptoms - Haj-Yahia MM, Greenbaum CW, Lahoud-Shoufany L.
We examined the relations among EPV, PTSS, and self-esteem to determine whether self-esteem... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Coping with trauma and adversity among Palestinians in the Gaza Strip: a qualitative, culture-informed analysis - Afana AJ, Tremblay J, Ghannam J, Ronsbo H, Veronese G.
In this article, we propose that coping is not only an individual property but also a structural feature. Coping shapes what is referred to in social network theory as multiplex networks, which are based on relations with multiple functions, values and mea... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

£ 1.7 million awarded to tackle domestic violence in low and middle-income countries
Professor Gene Feder at the University of Bristol ’ s Centre for Academic Primary Care has been awarded £ 1.7 million by the National Institute for Health Research to fund a Global Health Group for research into health systems responses to violence against women in Palestine, Brazil, Nepal and Sri Lanka. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - July 6, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Business and Enterprise, Health, Grants and Awards, International; Faculty of Health Sciences Source Type: news

First, We Need To Talk: Mental Healthcare In The MENA Region
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) face daunting challenges in managing a growing burden of mental illness, often in adverse conditions that can leave their imprint on generations to come.While the burden of mental-health conditions is above the global average in most MENA countries, the human resources, policies, funding and infrastructure to deal with these problems are sorely lacking.According to a recent study led by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), mental disorders excluding substance abuse accounted for 4.7% of all disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in the World Health Organization &rs...
Source: EyeForPharma - July 5, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Marc Yates Source Type: news

The burden of war-injury in the Palestinian health care sector in Gaza Strip - Mosleh M, Dalal K, Aljeesh Y, Svanstr öm L.
BACKGROUND: War-related injury is a major public health concern, and a leading cause of mortality, morbidity, and disability globally, particularly in low and middle-income countries such as Palestine. Little is known about the burden of war-related injury... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Two immigrant children with vitamin D poisoning - Mohammad LG.
The Danish National Board of Health recommends vitamin D supplement for children under two years, regardless of race or nutrition source. Danish studies have found, that 50-80% of children of Palestinian and Pakistani origin of the ages 0-16 years had vita... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Perceived peer norms, health risk behaviors, and clustering of risk behaviors among Palestinian youth - Glick P, Khammash U, Shaheen M, Brown R, Goutam P, Karam R, Linnemayr S, Massad S.
Relatively little is known about patterns of health risk behaviors among Middle Eastern youth, including how these behaviors are related to perceived peer norms. In a sample of approximately 2,500 15-24 year old Palestinian youth, perceived engagement of g... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Routinergency: domestic securitization in contemporary Israel - Shapiro M, Bird-David N.
The Israeli law obliges the construction of bomb shelters as integrated rooms within every residential unit throughout the country. Based on 12 months of fieldwork and extensive interviews with both Jewish-Israeli and Arab-Palestinian citizens of Israel, w... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The role of collective memory in protracted conflict - Nicholson C.
This paper examines the role of interpretations of historical events when discussing the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by those with a lived experience of it. The research literature relating to representations of collective memory and perceived intractabl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Conference urges an end to the detention of Palestinian children
Children as young as 12 are routinely taken from their homes at gunpoint then blindfolded, bound and shackled, UNISON’s national delegate conference heard in a passionate and sobering debate on the detention of Palestinian children. Many UNISON members gave informed and moving speeches on the topic. “Each year the Israeli military arrests and prosecutes around 500 to 700 children,” said one delegate. “From the moment of arrest, Palestinian children encounter ill-treatment and a denial of their basic rights,” said another. “I was 14 years old when this occupation first started, and I&rsqu...
Source: UNISON meat hygiene - June 21, 2018 Category: Food Science Authors: Rosa Ellis Tags: Article 2018 National Delegate Conference international International workers NDC 2018 Palestine Source Type: news

Stop Neglecting African Conflicts
A group of displaced men, women, and children find refuge at a church on the outskirts of Nyunzu village in eastern Congo. Pastor Mbuyu (pictured) looks after them. Credit: NRC/Christian JepsenBy Will HigginbothamUNITED NATIONS, Jun 13 2018 (IPS)Conflicts have uprooted millions across several African nations and we must not forget them, said a human rights group.Norwegian Refugee Council’s (NRC) timely message was published through their annual list of the worlds most neglected displacement crises. “It’s a sad pattern that we are once again seeing that the crises on the African continent seldom make media...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Will Higginbotham Tags: Africa Aid Armed Conflicts Crime & Justice Featured Food & Agriculture Global Geopolitics Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Migration & Refugees Peace TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

NEC gears up for union ’s annual ‘parliament’
UNISON’s national executive council (NEC) met in London today to finalise arrangements for the union’s annual “parliament” in Brighton later this month. UNISON’s national delegate conference runs from 19-22 June and brings together 2,000 delegates from across the UK to debate policy and set the union’s agenda for the coming year. The NEC agreed policy positions on proposed amendments to motions and rule changes; noted the order of business for the conference and confirmed that guest speakers would include Loretta Johnson of the American Federation of Teachers and Angie Rayner MP. Labour ...
Source: UNISON Health care news - June 6, 2018 Category: UK Health Authors: Tony Braisby Tags: Article 2018 National Delegate Conference national executive council NEC Source Type: news

Gaza Report: Treating the influx of wounded
VideoGaza Report: Treating the influx of woundedJune 01, 2018The Israeli army has used disproportionate force against Palestinian protesters inGaza. Since mass demonstrations began on March 30, 128 people have been killed and 3,664 people have been wounded by live ammunition fired by Israeli forces, according to United Nations authorities. (Source: MSF News)
Source: MSF News - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Melissa Pracht Source Type: news

Poverty compounding health challenges for Palestine refugees – UN agency
Non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, cancer and smoking-related ailments, account for the majority of the chronic health problems confronting Palestine refugees across the Middle East, a new report by the United Nations agency which supports them, has found. (Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security)
Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security - May 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Interpersonal and institutional ethnic discrimination, and mental health in a random sample of Palestinian minority men smokers in Israel - Daoud N, Gao M, Osman A, Muntaner C.
We examined the associations between interpersonal and institutional ethnic discrimination, and anxiety and depression among Palestinian-Arab minority... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Impunity Reigns as Medical Personnel and Facilities across 23 Conflict-Torn Countries Remain Under Attack
This report breaks n ew ground in bringing information providers together and demonstrating the value of collaboration.”TheSafeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition, of which IntraHealth is the communications secretariat and a member,  consists of more than 35 organizations working to protect health workers and services threatened by war or civil unrest. The coalition raises awareness of global attacks on health and presses governments and United Nations agencies for greater global action to protect the security of health care.ADDITIONAL RESOURCES:Access the report hereSee an overview of the dataTake a look at t...
Source: IntraHealth International - May 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: intrahealth Source Type: news

Physicist Kate Shaw: ‘Even in conservative places, you do not have to be in conflict with scientific ideas’
The Cern scientist on her dual role in studying quarks and helping to train a new generation of scientists from Palestine to PeruKate Shaw is a physicist based at the University of Sussex, where she studies the data that pours out of the Atlas experiment, one of the huge detectors that forms part of the Large Hadron Collider at Cern, in Geneva. She is also the founder of Physics Without Frontiers,a Unesco-backed organisation that runs lectures, workshops and schools in war-torn nations to help kindle an interest in science and help local recovery.You work on theAtlas experimentat the Large Hadron Collider. What does that i...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - May 19, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Robin McKie Tags: Particle physics Cern Teaching Afghanistan Palestinian territories Gaza Science University of Sussex Source Type: news

Dr Ahmed Salim Saif Al Mandhari nominated as WHO Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean
Dr Ahmed Salim Saif Al Mandhari Geneva, 19 May 2018 – WHO's Special Session of the Regional Committee for the Eastern Mediterranean, held today in Geneva, has nominated Dr Ahmed Salim Saif Al Mandhari from Oman as WHO Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean, to be formally appointed by the WHO Executive Board during its 143rd session from 28 to 29 May 2018.  The nominee is expected to take up his appointment for a 5 years and 8 months term, starting from 1 June 2018.  The WHO Regional Committee comprises the following Members: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Islamic Republic of Ir...
Source: WHO EMRO News - May 19, 2018 Category: Middle East Health Source Type: news

Gaza Hospitals Strive to Cope With Numbers of Wounded Protesters Gaza Hospitals Strive to Cope With Numbers of Wounded Protesters
Worried families crowded the halls and spilled out of rooms in Gaza's hospitals on Tuesday, as patients wounded at a border protest awaited treatment for injuries suffered on Monday, the deadliest day for Palestinians in years.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - May 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medscape Today News Source Type: news

A brutal massacre in Gaza
One of the most valued traditions in our movement is peaceful protest. On Saturday our union marched through the streets of London to call for change. We did not face physical attack nor did we fear it. We certainly didn’t have to fear the use of live ammunition, snipers or soldiers firing indiscriminately into the crowd. Yet only two days later, such slaughter was wreaked upon another peaceful protest in Gaza. UNISON condemns the brutal massacre of 58 Palestinian protestors and injury to over 2,700 more, near Gaza’s border with Israel. Since the end of March approximately 100 protestors have been killed by the...
Source: UNISON meat hygiene - May 16, 2018 Category: Food Science Authors: Dave Prentis Tags: General secretary's blog News Israel Palestine Source Type: news

Gaza Hospitals Struggle to Cope With High Casualty Toll
GAZA CITY, Gaza Strip (AP) — Patients with gunshot wounds filled wards and hallways in Gaza's under-equipped and overwhelmed main hospital Tuesday, with dozens still waiting in line for surgery a day after Israeli soldiers shot and killed 59 Palestinians and wounded hundreds in mass protests on the Gaza border. The high casualty toll triggered a diplomatic backlash against Israel and new charges of excessive use of force against unarmed protesters. The U.N. Security Council began its session Tuesday with a moment of silence for the dead, and the U.N.'s special Mideast envoy said there was "no justification for t...
Source: JEMS: Journal of Emergency Medical Services News - May 15, 2018 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Fares Akram, Associated Press Tags: Major Incidents News Source Type: news

Gaza: “Unacceptable and inhuman” violence by Israeli army against Palestinian protesters
Our medical teams are working around the clock to treat the massive influx of wounded.  Language English (Source: MSF News)
Source: MSF News - May 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jess Brown Source Type: news

“Unacceptable and inhuman” violence by Israeli army against Palestinian protesters in Gaza
Press release“Unacceptable and inhuman” violence by Israeli army against Palestinian protesters in GazaMay 14, 2018MAY 14, 2018 —As teams from Doctors Without Borders/M édecins Sans Frontières (MSF) treat people wounded today in Gaza, Marie-Elisabeth Ingres, MSF representative in theOccupied Palestinian Territories, provided the following statement: (Source: MSF News)
Source: MSF News - May 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jess Brown Source Type: news

Health risk behaviours of Palestinian youth: findings from a representative survey - Glick P, Al-Khammash U, Shaheen M, Brown R, Goutam P, Karam R, Linnemayr S, Massad S.
BACKGROUND: There is little systematic information about health risk behaviours among youth in Middle Eastern countries, leaving public health authorities unprepared to deal with emerging public health threats at a time of major social change. AIM:... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Assessment of social vulnerability to seismic hazard in Nablus, Palestine - Cerchiello V, Ceresa P, Monteiro R, Komendantova N.
Social vulnerability helps to explain why communities experience the consequences of an extreme event, such as an earthquake, differently, even when they are subjected to similar levels of intensity (ground shaking). The differential impacts of an earthqua... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Comparing disciplinary methods used by mothers in Palestine and Qatar - Kamal M, Halileh S, Dargham S, Alyafei KA, Giacaman R, Imseeh S, Eldeeb N, Nasr S, Korayem M, Abu-Rmeileh N, Mahfoud Z, Tawfik H, Mahmoud MH, Mian M, Lynch MA.
In this study ICAST-P, an internationally recognized tool, was used with mothers reporting on one of their children up to their 12th birthday. It questions about discipl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

“I Wake Up Screaming”: Gaza’s Children Bear the Brunt of Violence
Palestinian child on donkey cart next to garbage container in Gaza City. Credit: Mohammed Omer/IPSBy Will Higginbotham and Tharanga YakupitiyageUNITED NATIONS, May 10 2018 (IPS)Reham Qudaih wakes up nightly to the same nightmare: her father shot, lying on the ground in a pool of blood.“In my dreams he is on the ground shot. When I have that dream – which I’ve had more than once I wake up screaming,” she told the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC). In a recent study, NRC found that children living in the Gaza Strip are experiencing are showing increasing signs of psychosocial deterioration since clashes...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Will Higginbotham and Tharanga Yakupitiyage Tags: Aid Armed Conflicts Crime & Justice Development & Aid Education Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Middle East & North Africa TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Missing Millions: How Older People with Disabilities Are Excluded from Humanitarian Response
HelpAge International. 04/30/2018 This 60-page study explores the experiences of older people with disabilities across a range of humanitarian settings. It reveals how older people with disabilities fared worse than those without disabilities, and how this is related to various physical and institutional barriers, as well as hostile attitudes. The study analyzed data from six population-based disability surveys comparing the living situation of older people with and without disabilities, including databases from two crises-affected populations in Haiti (post-earthquake) and Palestine. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource ...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Psychosomatic symptoms among Palestinian nurses exposed to workplace aggression - Jaradat Y, Nielsen MB, Bast-Pettersen R.
BACKGROUND: The study examined associations between workplace aggression (WPA) and psychosomatic symptoms in Palestinian nurses. METHODS: The 341 nurses, (62% females and 38% males), answered a WHO questionnaire and a psychosomatic symptoms checkli... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Gaza: Palestinians Suffer Severe Gunshot Wounds During Clashes
MSF teams have provided post-operative care to more than 500 people injured by gunshots since April 1; many will be left with long-term physical disabilities.Language English (Source: MSF News)
Source: MSF News - April 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jess Brown Source Type: news

Gaza: Palestinians Suffer Severe Gunshot Wounds During Clashes
Press releaseGaza: Palestinians Suffer Severe Gunshot Wounds During ClashesApril 19, 2018Doctors Without Borders/M édecins Sans Frontières teams inGaza have provided post-operative care to more than 500 people injured by gunshots since April 1, amid clashes between Israeli troops and Palestinian protesters engaged in the Great Return March. The number of patients treated in MSF's three medical clinics in Gaza over the last few weeks is more than the number treated by MSF throughout all of 2014, when Israel ’s Operation Protective Edge was launched in the Gaza Strip. (Source: MSF News)
Source: MSF News - April 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jess Brown Source Type: news

Intolerant left-wing college students demand removal of hummus from school menu because the maker likes Israel
(Natural News) A pro-Palestinian campus group at Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania is demanding that the school’s president immediately stop serving Sabra Hummus in three different on-campus stores because the company has ties to Israel. The group Swarthmore Students for Justice Palestine (SJP) has begun circulating a petition that openly calls for support in demanding that... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - April 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

First women's yoga training center opens doors in Gaza
GAZA (Reuters) - A small group of Palestinian women in Gaza are stretching their limbs with yoga to help them teach others to cope with the stresses and traumas of living in the embattled territory. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - March 28, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Palestinian nurses' and doctors' perceptions and practices regarding the prevention of injuries to children in the home: an explorative qualitative study - Alrimawi I, Hall C, Watson MC.
Unintentional injuries are a growing global public health problem that causes mortality, morbidity, and disability among children. These injuries are common among under-fives and form a significant burden on healthcare systems, particularly in low- and mid... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Substance use by university students in the West Bank: a cross-sectional study - Damiri BR, Sandouka HN, Janini EH, Yaish ON.
BACKGROUND: Substance use has been an increasing problem in the occupied Palestinian territory for decades. The aim of this study was to describe the practice, knowledge, and attitudes associated with substance use by university students in the occupied Pa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Severe extremity amputations in surviving Palestinian civilians caused by explosives fired from drones during the Gaza War - Heszlein-Lossius H, Al-Borno Y, Shaqoura S, Skaik N, Giil LM, Gilbert M.
BACKGROUND: During four separate Israeli military attacks on Gaza (2006, 2009, 2012, and 2014), about 4000 Palestinians were killed and more than 17  000 injured (412 killed and 1264 injured in 2006; 1383 killed and more than 5300 injured in 2009; 130 kil... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Integrating a public health and human rights approach into mental health services for Palestinians in the Gaza Strip - Diab M, Jamei YA, Kagee A, Veronese G.
BACKGROUND: In the context of violations of human rights and insecurity, the Gaza Community Mental Health Programme (GCMHP) provides mental health services and psychosocial interventions that match local cultural and social norms. The GCMHP uses a communit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news