The Influence of Hearing Loss on Cognitive Control in an Auditory Conflict Task: Behavioral and Pupillometry Findings.
Conclusions Conflict processing and adaptation effects were observed on the RTs and pupil dilation responses in an auditory Stroop task. No general effects of hearing status were observed, but the correlations suggested that higher age and a greater degree of hearing loss were related to reduced conflict processing ability. The current study underlines the relevance of taking into account cognitive control and conflict adaptation processes. PMID: 32610026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Zekveld AA, van Scheepen JAM, Versfeld NJ, Kramer SE, van Steenbergen H Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Cognitive-Linguistic Functions in Adults With Epilepsy: Preliminary Electrophysiological and Behavioral Findings.
Conclusion The cognitive-linguistic assessment and ERP findings suggested that, compared to neurotypical adults, individuals with epilepsy demonstrate slower processing times and greater difficulty with high-level language and spoken discourse production, despite performing within typical limits on basic language tests. Preliminary results from this research are significant in providing new knowledge about language functioning in adults with epilepsy. PMID: 32610027 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Dutta M, Murray LL, Miller W, Innis I, Newman S Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Estimation of Subglottal Pressure From Neck Surface Vibration in Patients With Voice Disorders.
Conclusions The baseline, linear relationship between ACC signal magnitude and Ps is affected by the presence of a voice disorder, with the relationship being participant-specific. Further work is needed to improve ACC-based prediction of Ps, across treatment, and during naturalistic speech production. PMID: 32610028 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Marks KL, Lin JZ, Burns JA, Hron TA, Hillman RE, Mehta DD Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Suprathreshold Differences in Competing Speech Perception in Older Listeners With Normal and Impaired Hearing.
Conclusion Suprathreshold deficits in the encoding of low- to mid-frequency (~5-10 Hz) temporal modulations-which may reflect poorer "dip listening"-and auditory grouping at a perceptual and/or cognitive level are responsible for the relatively poor performance of OHI versus ONH listeners on a different-gender competing speech task. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12568472. PMID: 32603618 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 30, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Venezia JH, Leek MR, Lindeman MP Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

The Emotional Verbal Fluency Task: A Close Examination of Verbal Productivity and Lexical-Semantic Properties.
Conclusions The study provided information about the basic characteristics of Emo-VF tasks, which included evidence for a robust positivity bias, suggestions for analyses of verbal productivity (e.g., consideration of word length), and lexical-semantic properties associated with positive and negative Emo-VF tasks using corpora data. PMID: 32603619 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 30, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lam BPW, Marquardt TP Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Individual Differences in Mothers' Spontaneous Infant-Directed Speech Predict Language Attainment in Children With Cochlear Implants.
Conclusion Results support that caregiver language behaviors play a substantial role in explaining variability in language attainment in children receiving CIs. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12560147. PMID: 32603621 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 30, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Dilley L, Lehet M, Wieland EA, Arjmandi MK, Kondaurova M, Wang Y, Reed J, Svirsky M, Houston D, Bergeson T Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Contributions of Auditory and Somatosensory Feedback to Vocal Motor Control.
Conclusions The findings indicate that somatosensory and auditory feedback control mechanisms work together to compensate for laryngeal perturbations, resulting in the greatest degree of compensation when both sources of feedback are available. In contrast, these two control mechanisms work in competition in response to auditory perturbations, resulting in an overall smaller degree of compensation. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12559628. PMID: 32603626 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 30, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Smith DJ, Stepp C, Guenther FH, Kearney E Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Orthographic, Phonological, and Semantic Dynamics During Visual Word Recognition in Deaf Versus Hearing Adults.
Conclusion While visual word recognition in hearing readers is accomplished mainly via orthographic-phonological connections, deaf readers rely mainly on orthographic-semantic connections. PMID: 32603647 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 30, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Peleg O, Ben-Hur G, Segal O Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Perceptual Evaluation of Speech Naturalness in Speakers of Varying Gender Identities.
Conclusions Perceptual speech naturalness for both transfeminine and transmasculine speakers is strongly associated with gender cues in spontaneous speech. Training to align a speaker's voice with their gender identity may concurrently improve perceptual speech naturalness. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12543158. PMID: 32598195 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 29, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Merritt B, Bent T Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Detection of Articulatory Deficits in Parkinson's Disease: Can Systematic Manipulations of Phonetic Complexity Help?
Conclusion Findings suggest that systematic manipulations of phonetic complexity can support the detection of articulatory deficits in talkers with PD. Phonetic complexity should therefore be leveraged for the assessment of articulatory performance in talkers with progressive dysarthria. Future work will be directed toward linking speech kinematic and auditory-perceptual measures to determine the clinical significance of the current findings. PMID: 32598198 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 29, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kuruvilla-Dugdale M, Salazar M, Zhang A, Mefferd AS Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Recovery and Relapse: Perspectives From Adults Who Stutter.
This study sought to identify what recovery and relapse mean to people who stutter based on their own unique experiences to account for both the stuttering behaviors and the broader adverse impact of the condition. Method In this study, 228 adults who stutter participated in a mixed-methods exploration of the terms "recovery" and "relapse." Participants categorized themselves on whether they considered themselves to have recovered or experienced relapse. Data were analyzed thematically through the lens of the speaker self-categorizations to determine how adults who stutter define recovery and relapse re...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 29, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tichenor SE, Yaruss JS Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Design and Development of a Speech Intelligibility Test Based on Pseudowords in French: Why and How?
Conclusions The current findings confirm that a speech intelligibility test based on pseudowords in French achieves fine-grained PPD scores, which enables discrimination between patients and healthy speakers. Moreover, the PPD score is related to the global intelligibility score, especially in severity. Further studies are needed to better understand the discrimination power of this intelligibility test based on an acoustic-phonetic decoding task. PMID: 32598209 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 29, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lalain M, Ghio A, Giusti L, Robert D, Fredouille C, Woisard V Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Quantifying the Uncertainty of Parameters Measured in Spontaneous Speech of Speakers With Dementia.
Conclusion For our corpus of German speech, the optimal sample length is found to be around 700 words long. Longer samples do not provide more information. PMID: 32598210 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 29, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ossewaarde R, Jonkers R, Jalvingh F, Bastiaanse R Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Exploring the Potential Impact of Sentence-Level Comprehension and Sentence-Level Fluency on Deaf Students' Passage Comprehension.
Conclusions The relative contributions of sentence-level comprehension and fluency to deaf students' passage comprehension varied, and sentence-level fluency mediated the relationship between sentence-level comprehension and passage comprehension. PMID: 32585125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 25, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Zhao Y, Wu X, Chen H, Sun P, Xie R, Feng J Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Voice Therapy for Benign Voice Disorders in the Elderly: A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Telepractice and Conventional Face-to-Face Therapy.
Abstract Purpose Previous studies have reported that voice therapy via telepractice is useful for patients with nodules and muscle tension dysphonia. Nevertheless, telepractice for elderly patients with voice disorders has not yet been investigated. We conducted this study to examine the hypothesis that voice therapy via telepractice is not inferior to conventional voice therapy. Method Eighty patients with dysphonia aged more than 55 years participated in this study from September 2016 to June 2018. After screening the inclusion and the exclusion criteria, 69 patients were randomized into telepractice (33 patient...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 24, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lin FC, Chien HY, Chen SH, Kao YC, Cheng PW, Wang CT Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Production of Morphosyntax Within and Across Different Dialects of American English.
Conclusion The results underscore the importance of considering a child's dialect use when assessing language ability, in particular with measures that include features that are variable in NMAE dialects. At the same time, within-dialect comparisons suggest that a broader set of morphosyntactic features may provide useful information for evaluations of language ability. Future research should investigate the source of these differences, including the extent to which students with language disorders have acquired the social and linguistic factors that condition the use of variable features. PMID: 32579863 [PubMed - as ...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 24, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hendricks AE, Adlof SM Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

An Eye-Tracking Study on Audiovisual Speech Perception Strategies Adopted by Normal-Hearing and Deaf Adults Under Different Language Familiarities.
Conclusions Normal-hearing and deaf adults adopt different audiovisual speech perception strategies: Normal-hearing adults mainly look at the eyes, and deaf adults mainly look at the mouth. Additionally, language and task can also modulate the speech perception strategy. PMID: 32579867 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 24, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Wang J, Zhu Y, Chen Y, Mamat A, Yu M, Zhang J, Dang J Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Contralateral Routing of Signal Systems Can Improve Speech Recognition and Comprehension in Dynamic Classrooms.
Conclusions The results support CROS benefits without CROS disadvantages in a laboratory environment that reflects a dynamic classroom. Thus, CROS systems have the potential to improve hearing in contemporary classrooms for students, especially if there is only a single microphone. PMID: 32574079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 23, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Picou EM, Davis H, Lewis D, Tharpe AM Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

The Role of Choral Singing in Speaking Voice Preservation of Aging Adults.
Abstract Purpose This descriptive cohort pilot study, using a convenience sample, examined whether evidence from vocal function measures, auditory-perceptual ratings, and/or endoscopic signs of aging supported singing in senior chorales as a possible intervention to preserve the speaking voice in aging adults. Method Thirteen singers and five nonsinging controls, all over 65 years of age, participated. They were assessed at two visits, 15-20 months apart. Vocal function measures and auditory-perceptual ratings of estimated age and the presence of voice disorders were compared across singing status and visit. Chang...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 22, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Stager SV, Sparks AD, Bielamowicz SA, Edgar JD Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Noise and a Speaker's Impaired Voice Quality Disrupt Spoken Language Processing in School-Aged Children: Evidence From Performance and Response Time Measures.
Conclusions Results suggest that speech signal degradations caused by a speaker's impaired voice and background noise generate more processing errors and increased listening effort in young school-aged children. This finding is vital for classroom listening and highlights the importance of ensuring teachers' vocal health and adequate room acoustics. PMID: 32569506 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 22, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Schiller IS, Morsomme D, Kob M, Remacle A Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Effects of Age and Cochlear Implantation on Spectrally Cued Speech Categorization.
Conclusions Age group and hearing modality can influence phonetic cue-weighting patterns. Results suggest that simple nonlexical categorization tests correlate with more general speech recognition skills of children and adults with CIs. PMID: 32552327 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 18, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: DiNino M, Arenberg JG, Duchen ALR, Winn MB Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Key Word Signing Has Higher Iconicity Than Sign Language.
Conclusion This finding may support the value of a separate sign lexicon over using sign language signs. Nevertheless, other aspects, such as wide availability and inclusion, need to be considered. PMID: 32546041 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 16, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Rombouts E, Maessen B, Maes B, Zink I Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Pragmatic and Conversational Features of Arabic-Speaking Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Examining Performance and Caregivers' Perceptions.
Conclusions This study has important implications for both ASD interventions and assessment. It provides a comprehensive assessment approach for measuring pragmatic skills, including both direct (participants' performances) and indirect (caregivers' perceptions) measures. Future research may benefit from adopting the combined approach used in this study to explore pragmatics in ASD. Differences between caregivers' perceptions and the performances of individuals with ASD should be considered, as well as the influence of various factors on their communication. PMID: 32546044 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: ...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 16, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Almehmadi W, Tenbrink T, Sanoudaki E Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Word Learning and Executive Function in Preschoolers With and Without Developmental Language Disorder.
Conclusion Findings replicate previous research reporting deficits in word learning and executive function in children with DLD, indicate that preschoolers are disadvantaged in learning new words for familiar objects, and support a relationship between executive function and word learning for children with and without DLD. Future research should examine the directionality of the relationship between these variables. PMID: 32546080 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 16, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kapa LL, Erikson JA Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Discourse Prosody in Children's Rhyme Speech Produced by Prelingually Deaf Mandarin-Speaking Children With Cochlear Implants.
Conclusion CI children did exhibit atypical prosodic patterns in discourse context, especially the overall mapping between the prosodic manifestation and the discourse structure. PMID: 32543941 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 16, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Yu J, Liao Y, Wu S, Li Y, Huang M Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

A Multidisciplinary Delphi Consensus Study of Communicative Participation in Young Children With Language Disorders.
Conclusion This study resulted in strong consensus on the definition of CP between Dutch parents and professionals. Items were developed that can inform speech-language pathologists on the type of questions to ask a child's parents or teacher when discussing CP. Further research is needed on how the items can best be used in clinical practice. PMID: 32543956 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 16, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Singer I, Klatte IS, Welbie M, Cnossen IC, Gerrits E Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Music Training for Children With Sensorineural Hearing Loss Improves Speech-in-Noise Perception.
Conclusion The findings suggest even a modest amount of music training has benefits for music and speech outcomes. These preliminary results provide further evidence that music training is a suitable complementary means of habilitation to improve the outcomes for children with hearing loss. PMID: 32543961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 16, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lo CY, Looi V, Thompson WF, McMahon CM Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Applying Generalizability Theory to Optimize Analysis of Spontaneous Teacher Talk in Elementary Classrooms.
Conclusions Generalizability studies confirmed that a large proportion of variance was attributable to individuals rather than the sampling occasion when analyzing the amount and fluency of spontaneous teacher talk. In general, conventionally reported outcomes were more stable than researcher-developed codes, which suggests some categories of teacher talk are more context dependent than others and thus require more intensive data collection to measure reliably. PMID: 32539562 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 15, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hollo A, Staubitz JL, Chow JC Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Cognitive, Noncognitive, and Home Environment Correlates of Reading Difficulties in Primary-Grade Students With Language Impairment.
Conclusions For this sample of children with LI, the most important predictors of reading were cognitive. The child's behavior and social competence improved prediction to a limited but statistically significant degree, whereas home environment did not. Overall classification was low, as only half of the children with reading difficulties were correctly predicted. Important factors differentiating good and poor emergent readers with LI were not captured in this study. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12462428. PMID: 32539573 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, a...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 15, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Newbury J, Justice LM, Jiang HH, Schmitt MB Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

The Impact of Interactive Shared Book Reading on Children's Language Skills: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Conclusion This randomized controlled trial showed that caregivers from all socioeconomic backgrounds successfully adopted an interactive shared reading style. However, while the interventions were effective at increasing caregivers' use of interactive shared book reading behaviors, this did not have a significant impact on the children's language skills. The findings are discussed in terms of practical implications and future research. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12420539. PMID: 32539588 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 15, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Noble C, Cameron-Faulkner T, Jessop A, Coates A, Sawyer H, Taylor-Ims R, Rowland CF Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Does Otitis Media Affect Later Language Ability? A Prospective Birth Cohort Study.
Conclusions Children with OM detected at 6 years of age in this cohort had average language development scores within the normal range at 6 and 10 years of age. However, there was a small but statistically significant reduction in the rate of receptive vocabulary growth at 10 years of age (on the PPVT-R measure only) in children who had bilateral OM at 6 years of age after adjusting for a range of sociodemographic factors. PMID: 32539591 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 15, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Brennan-Jones CG, Whitehouse AJO, Calder SD, Costa CD, Eikelboom RH, Swanepoel W, Jamieson SE Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Applying Item Response Theory Modeling to Identify Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder.
Abstract Purpose No diagnostic tools exist for identifying social (pragmatic) communication disorder (SPCD), a new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition category for individuals with social communication deficits but not the repetitive, restricted behaviors and interests (RRBIs) that would qualify them for a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We explored the value of items from a widely used screening measure of ASD for distinguishing SPCD from typical controls (TC; Aim 1) and from ASD (Aim 2). Method We applied item response theory (IRT) modeling to Social Communication Qu...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 15, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Yuan H, Dollaghan C Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Identifying Predictors of Levator Veli Palatini Muscle Contraction During Speech Using Dynamic Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
Abstract Purpose The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of levator veli palatini (LVP) muscle shortening and maximum contraction velocity in adults with normal anatomy. Method Twenty-two Caucasian English-speaking adults with normal speech and resonance were recruited. Participants included 11 men and 11 women (M = 22.8 years, SD = 4.1) with normal anatomy. Static magnetic resonance images were obtained using a three-dimensional static imaging protocol. Midsagittal and oblique coronal planes were established for visualization of the velum and LVP muscle at rest. Dynamic magnetic resonance images were...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 15, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Pua Schleif E, Pelland CM, Ellis C, Fang X, Leierer SJ, Sutton BP, Kuehn DP, Blemker SS, Perry JL Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Personal Audio System: Hearing Symptoms, Habits, and Sound Pressure Levels Measured in Real Ear and a Manikin.
Conclusions The habit of listening to music at high intensities on a daily basis seems to cause hearing symptoms, even in individuals with normal hearing. The real-ear and manikin techniques produced similar results. Providing instructions on this topic combined with measuring PAS SPLs may be an appropriate strategy for raising the awareness of people who are at risk. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12431435. PMID: 32521193 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Almeida TR, Rocha CH, Rabelo CM, Gomes RF, Neves-Lobo IF, Samelli AG Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Phonetic Implementation of Prosodic Emphasis in Preschool-Aged Children and Adults: Probing the Development of Sensorimotor Speech Goals.
Conclusion These findings suggest that 4-year-old children have not yet learned to produce hypoarticulated forms of phonemic goals to allow them to successfully contrast syllables and enhance prosodic saliency. PMID: 32516559 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 9, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ménard L, Prémont A, Trudeau-Fisette P, Turgeon C, Tiede M Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Which Measures Better Discriminate Language Minority Bilingual Children With and Without Developmental Language Disorder? A Study Testing a Combined Protocol of First and Second Language Assessment.
This study aimed to assess a protocol for the evaluation of developmental language disorder (DLD) in language minority bilingual children (LMBC). The specific aims were (a) to test group differences, (b) to evaluate the discriminant validity of single measures included in the protocol, and (c) to define which model of combined variables had the best results in terms of efficacy and efficiency. Method Two groups of LMBC were involved, one with typical development (n = 35) selected from mainstream schools and one with DLD (n = 20). The study protocol included the collection of demographic information and linguistic history; ...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 9, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bonifacci P, Atti E, Casamenti M, Piani B, Porrelli M, Mari R Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Training Complements for Belief Reasoning in Developmental Language Disorder.
Conclusion This research thus suggests new avenues for therapeutic interventions for children with DLD, namely, the incorporation of a program directly training complements, which holds the promise of a double benefit, both for these structures and for Theory of Mind. PMID: 32511044 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 8, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Durrleman S, Delage H Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Evaluating the Function of the Medial Olivocochlear Bundle in Patients With Bilateral Tinnitus.
Conclusions The results of this study suggest that the amounts of DP suppression and SINP improvement were similar between listeners with and without tinnitus. For both ear groups, the MOC reflex was involved with SINP at specific frequencies. Any clinical test outcomes with regard to the MOC bundle in patients with tinnitus should be interpreted with caution until further studies are conducted. PMID: 32511051 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 8, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Cheng LH, Wang CH, Lu RH, Chen YF Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Psychoacoustic and Demographic Factors for Speech Recognition of Older Adult Cochlear Implant Users.
Conclusion The preliminary results suggest that speech recognition of OCI users may improve with longer duration of CI use, mainly due to higher perceptual acuity to spectral-temporal modulated ripples in acoustic stimuli. PMID: 32501736 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 5, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Luo X, Kolberg C, Pulling KR, Azuma T Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Listening Effort in Native and Nonnative English-Speaking Children Using Low Linguistic Single- and Dual-Task Paradigms.
Conclusions Both single- and dual-task paradigms were sensitive to changes in SNR for school-aged children between 7 and 12 years of age. Language background (English as native language vs. English as nonnative language) had no significant effect on triplet recognition or RTs, demonstrating practical utility of low-linguistic stimuli for testing children from multilingual backgrounds. PMID: 32479740 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - June 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Oosthuizen I, Picou EM, Pottas L, Myburgh HC, Swanepoel W Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Automation of the Northwestern Narrative Language Analysis System.
Conclusion Clinicians and researchers can use the automatic C-NNLA to analyze important variables required for quantification of grammatical deficits in aphasia in a way that is fast, replicable, and accessible without extensive linguistic knowledge and training. PMID: 32464070 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - May 28, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Fromm D, MacWhinney B, Thompson CK Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Decision Making by People With Aphasia: A Comparison of Linguistic and Nonlinguistic Measures.
Conclusions Decision-making tasks that are heavily dependent on language, such as those used in capacity assessments, may disadvantage PWA. Assessments of decision-making capacity should include communication supports for people with acquired communication disorders; further investigation in the areas of decision making and aphasia is needed. PMID: 32464071 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - May 28, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kim ES, Suleman S, Hopper T Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Relationship Between Behavioral and Stimulus Frequency Otoacoustic Emissions Delay-Based Tuning Estimates.
Conclusions SFOAE phase-gradient delays reflect aspects of cochlear mechanical tuning, in that a frequency dependence similar to that of basilar membrane tuning was observed. Furthermore, the significant correlation with PTCs at 4 kHz and the high repeatability of SFOAE-based tuning measures offer promise of an objective, nonbehavioral assay of tuning in human ears. PMID: 32464079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - May 28, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Wilson US, Browning-Kamins J, Boothalingam S, Moleti A, Sisto R, Dhar S Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Predicting Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scores From Measures of Speech and Language.
Conclusions The degree to which cognition can be accurately predicted through spontaneously produced speech samples is limited. Statistically significant relationships were found between specific measurements of lexical variation, participants' speaking rate, and their scores on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment. PMID: 32459131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - May 27, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Wisler AA, Fletcher AR, McAuliffe MJ Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Development of Speech Intelligibility Between 30 and 47 Months in Typically Developing Children: A Cross-Sectional Study of Growth.
Conclusions Children make steady progress in intelligibility development through 47 months, and only a small number of children approach 100% intelligibility by this age. Intelligibility continues to develop past the fourth year of life. There is considerable variability among children with regard to intelligibility development. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12330956. PMID: 32459133 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - May 27, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hustad KC, Mahr T, Natzke PEM, Rathouz PJ Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Effects of Self-Generated Noise on Quiet Threshold by Transducer Type in School-Age Children and Adults.
Conclusions Self-generated noise appears to elevate children's low-frequency thresholds measured with occluding transducers. These effects could be particularly relevant to the diagnosis of minimal and mild hearing loss in children. PMID: 32459139 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - May 27, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Porter HL, Leibold LJ, Buss E Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Communication Modes and Functions in Children With Cerebral Palsy.
Conclusion Results of this study highlight the need for parent-mediated interventions for children with CP that emphasize multimodal communication tailored to impairment profiles. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12354704. PMID: 32459163 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - May 27, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: McFadd ED, Hustad KC Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Executive Control in Adults Who Stutter: The Antisaccade Task.
Conclusions Preliminary results do not support deficits in inhibition in AWS during a motorically simple, non-speech-related oculomotor task, but additional research is warranted. PMID: 32437256 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - May 20, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Gkalitsiou Z, Byrd C, Griffin Z Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

When Additional Training Isn't Enough: Further Evidence That Unpredictable Speech Inhibits Adaptation.
Conclusion Together, the results from Experiments 1 and 2 replicate and extend findings from our previous work, suggesting perceptual adaptation is inhibited for talkers whose speech is largely characterized by unpredictable degradations. Collectively, these results underscore the importance of integrating signal predictability into theoretical models of perceptual learning. PMID: 32437259 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - May 20, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lansford KL, Borrie SA, Barrett TS, Flechaus C Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Acoustic Measures of Prosody in Right-Hemisphere Damage: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Conclusions Taken together, the currently available acoustic data show only a weak specific effect of RHD on prosody production. However, the results are not definitive, as more reliable analyses are hindered by small sample sizes, lack of detail on lesion location, and divergent measuring techniques. We propose recommendations to overcome these issues: Cumulative science practices (e.g., open data and code sharing), more nuanced speech signal processing techniques, and the integration of acoustic measures and perceptual judgments are recommended to more effectively investigate prosody in RHD. PMID: 32432947 [PubMed -...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - May 20, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Weed E, Fusaroli R Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research