Vocabulary Growth From 18 to 24 Months of Age in Children With and Without Repaired Cleft Palate.
This study investigated vocabulary growth from 18 to 24 months of age in young children with repaired cleft palate (CP), children with otitis media, and typically developing (TD) children. In addition, the contributions of factors such as hearing level, middle ear status, size of consonant inventory, maternal education level, and gender to the development of expressive vocabulary were explored. Method Vocabulary size of 40 children with repaired CP, 29 children with otitis media, and 25 TD children was measured using the parent report on MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories: Words and Sentences (Fenson et ...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 22, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Eshghi M, Adatorwovor R, Preisser JS, Crais ER, Zajac DJ Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Effect of Negative Middle Ear Pressure and Compensated Pressure on Wideband Absorbance and Otoacoustic Emissions in Children.
Conclusion Results demonstrated the feasibility and clinical benefits of measuring TEOAE and WBA under pressurized conditions. Pressurized TEOAE and WBA should be used for assessment of ears with NMEP in hearing screening programs to reduce false alarm rates. PMID: 31437100 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 22, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Aithal S, Aithal V, Kei J, Manuel A Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Test-Retest Reproducibility of Response Duration in Tinnitus Patients With Positive Residual Inhibition.
Conclusions This study indicates the good test-retest reproducibility of residual inhibition duration in our subset of 17 patients with stable (partial) positive residual inhibition. Residual inhibition is, therefore, a technique that can potentially be used for temporary tinnitus manipulation in experimental paradigms to unravel tinnitus pathophysiology. PMID: 31433704 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 21, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Deklerck AN, Degeest S, Dhooge IJM, Keppler H Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Classification of Infant Vocalizations by Untrained Listeners.
Conclusion Prior research has shown that caregivers are accurate in identifying canonical babbling, a major prelinguistic vocalization milestone occurring at about 6-7 months of age. This indicates that caregivers are also well attuned to even earlier emerging vocalization types. This supports the value of continuing basic and clinical research on the vocal types infants produce in the 1st months of life and on their potential diagnostic utility, and may also help improve communication between speech-language pathologists and families. PMID: 31433709 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, lang...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 21, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ramsdell-Hudock HL, Warlaumont AS, Foss LE, Perry C Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

The Effect of Tongue-Jaw Coupling on Phonetic Distinctiveness of Vowels in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.
Conclusions Different from healthy controls who established optimal functional coupling between the tongue and the jaw during vowel productions, individuals at the early-to-middle stages of bulbar ALS showed various adaptive changes in tongue-jaw coupling in response to the disease-related biomechanical and muscular changes in the articulators (particularly in the tongue). These adaptive changes in tongue-jaw coupling were found to be partially effective in mitigating the negative effect of articulatory involvement on phonetic distinctiveness of vowels. As the disease progressed to the late stage, such adaptations appeared...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 21, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Rong P Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Relationship Between Working Memory and Speech-in-Noise Recognition in Young and Older Adult Listeners With Age-Appropriate Hearing.
Abstract Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between working memory (WM) capacity and speech recognition in noise in both a group of young adults and a group of older adults. Method Thirty-three older adults with a mean age of 71.0 (range: 60.4-82.7) years and 27 young adults with a mean age of 21.7 (range: 19.1-25.0) years participated in the study. All participants had age-appropriate hearing and no history of central nervous system dysfunction. WM capacity was measured using the van den Noort version of the Reading Span Test, and recognition of sentences in the presence of a st...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 21, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Vermeire K, Knoop A, De Sloovere M, Bosch P, van den Noort M Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Rhythmic Training Improves Temporal Anticipation and Adaptation Abilities in Children With Hearing Loss During Verbal Interaction.
Conclusion These results are discussed in terms of temporal adaptation abilities in speech interaction and suggest the use of rhythmic training to improve these skills of children with hearing loss. PMID: 31433722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 21, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hidalgo C, Pesnot-Lerousseau J, Marquis P, Roman S, Schön D Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Speech Errors and Phonological Awareness in Children Ages 4 and 5 Years With and Without Speech Sound Disorder.
Conclusions Poorer PA skills were found to be associated with omissions and atypical speech errors. Research is required to investigate the potential of omission and atypical error use in predicting which children are likely to receive diagnoses of SSD and later literacy difficulties. PMID: 31433730 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 21, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Brosseau-Lapré F, Roepke E Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Using Polygenic Profiles to Predict Variation in Language and Psychosocial Outcomes in Early and Middle Childhood.
Conclusions These findings provide a proof of concept for the use of such a polygenic approach in child language research when larger data sets become available. Our indicative findings suggest consideration should be given to concurrent intervention targeting both linguistic and psychosocial development as early language interventions may not stave off later psychosocial difficulties in children. PMID: 31425657 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Newbury DF, Gibson JL, Conti-Ramsden G, Pickles A, Durkin K, Toseeb U Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Bang for Your Buck: A Single-Case Experimental Design Study of Practice Amount and Distribution in Treatment for Childhood Apraxia of Speech.
Conclusions High practice amount and massed practice were associated with more robust speech motor learning in most children with CAS, compared to low amount and distributed practice, respectively. Variation in effects across children warrants further research to determine factors that predict optimal treatment conditions. Finally, this study adds to the evidence base supporting the efficacy of integral stimulation treatment for CAS. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.9630599. PMID: 31425660 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Maas E, Gildersleeve-Neumann C, Jakielski K, Kovacs N, Stoeckel R, Vradelis H, Welsh M Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Looking for Mickey Mouse ™ But Finding a Munchkin: The Perceptual Effects of Frequency Upshifts for Single-Sided Deaf, Cochlear Implant Patients.
Conclusion The formant frequency upshifts, fundamental frequency upshifts, and metallic sound quality experienced by the listeners can be linked to the relatively basal locations of the electrode contacts and short duration experience with their devices. The perceptual consequence was not the voice quality of Mickey Mouse™ but rather that of Munchkins in The Wizard of Oz for whom both formant frequencies and voice pitch were upshifted. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.9341651. PMID: 31415186 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 15, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Dorman MF, Natale SC, Zeitler DM, Baxter L, Noble JH Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Modified-Bolus Placement as a Therapeutic Tool in the Treatment of Pediatric Feeding Disorders: Analysis From a Retrospective Chart Review.
Conclusion Results provide additional support for the potential therapeutic benefits of enhancing bolus placement onto the tongue as a means to improve mealtime performance in children with pediatric feeding disorders when included as an adjunct to more traditional behavioral approaches. PMID: 31411937 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 13, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Volkert VM, Sharp WG, Clark MC, Ormand H, Rubio EK, McCracken C, Bryan L Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Second Language Learners' Listener Impressions of Foreigner-Directed Speech.
Conclusion The results suggest second language learners in the current experiment generally perceived speech accommodation positively. PMID: 31412215 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 13, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bobb SC, Mello K, Turco E, Lemes L, Fernandez E, Rothermich K Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

The Voicemail Elicitation Task: Functional Workplace Language Assessment for Persons With Traumatic Brain Injury.
Conclusion The VET holds promise as a clinical screening tool to identify persons at risk for social communication-related job instability after TBI and the need for a more comprehensive social communication assessment. PMID: 31398300 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 9, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Meulenbroek P, Cherney LR Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

A Dynamic Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Based Method to Examine In Vivo Levator Veli Palatini Muscle Function During Speech.
Conclusions In vivo LVP function differs between manners of production, as expected, and an individual's velopharyngeal portal dimensions influence LVP function. These measures, contextualized with the force-length and force-velocity muscle relationships, provide new insight into LVP function. Future studies could use this method to investigate LVP function in healthy speakers and individuals with velopharyngeal dysfunction and how function relates to velopharyngeal anatomy. PMID: 31390279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 7, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Pelland CM, Feng X, Borowitz KC, Meyer CH, Blemker SS Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Lingual Pressure Dysfunction Contributes to Reduced Swallowing-Related Quality of Life in Parkinson's Disease.
Abstract Purpose Dysphagia in Parkinson's disease (PD) is a major cause of depression and reduced quality of life (QOL). PD-related dysphagia often involves lingual dysfunction and weak pressure generation. The relation of disordered lingual pressure generation to swallowing-related QOL in persons with PD remains unknown. Method Twenty-four persons with idiopathic PD completed the Swallowing Quality of Life (SWAL-QOL) questionnaire and an evaluation of anterior and posterior tongue strength. Peak pressures were compared to age- and sex-matched controls. The magnitude of and latency to peak pressure were explored i...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 7, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Pitts LL, Kanadet RM, Hamilton VK, Crimmins SK, Cherney LR Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

What Mothers Do After Infants Vocalize: Implications for Vocal Development or Word Learning?
Conclusions Evaluating response type subcategories by age group indicated mothers did not respond differentially (verbally or nonverbally) to vowel or consonant-vowel vocalizations. Overall, the results suggest mothers' verbal and nonverbal response types may be more likely to facilitate word learning than vocal development. PMID: 31390286 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 7, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Fagan MK, Doveikis KN Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Improving Reading Comprehension in the Primary Grades: Mediated Effects of a Language-Focused Classroom Intervention.
Conclusions This study provides evidence that a language-focused intervention can positively impact students' performance on language measures that are closely aligned with the intervention, with indirect, large effects on distal reading comprehension measures. Theoretically, this study provides causally interpretable support for the language bases of reading comprehension. PMID: 31390289 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 7, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Language and Reading Research Consortium (LARRC) Laura Justice Mindy Bridges Hui Jiang Jessica Logan , Jiang H, Logan J Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Treatment for Word Retrieval in Semantic and Logopenic Variants of Primary Progressive Aphasia: Immediate and Long-Term Outcomes.
Conclusion This study documents positive naming treatment outcomes for a group of individuals with PPA, demonstrating strong direct treatment effects, maintenance of gains up to 1 year post-treatment, and generalization to untrained items. Lexical retrieval treatment, in conjunction with daily home practice, had a strong positive effect that did not require more than 1 clinician-directed treatment session per week. Findings confirm that strategic training designed to capitalize on spared cognitive-linguistic abilities results in significant and lasting improvement, despite ongoing disease progression, in PPA. PMID: 31...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 7, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Henry ML, Hubbard HI, Grasso SM, Dial HR, Beeson PM, Miller BL, Gorno-Tempini ML Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Diagnosing Middle Ear Dysfunction in 10- to 16-Month-Old Infants Using Wideband Absorbance: An Ordinal Prediction Model.
Conclusions The model may be clinically useful, and either the probabilistic or simplified paradigm of interpretation could be applied, depending on the context. In situations where the main goal is to identify severe middle ear dysfunction and ease of interpretation is highly valued, the simplified interpretation may be preferable (e.g., in a screening clinic that may not be concerned about missing some mild cases). In a diagnostic clinical environment, however, it may be beneficial to use the probabilistic method of interpretation. PMID: 31390297 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, langua...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 7, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Myers J, Kei J, Aithal S, Aithal V, Driscoll C, Khan A, Manuel A, Joseph A, Malicka AN Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

The Simple Aphasia Stress Scale.
Conclusion The single-item scale performed reasonably well across different studies and psychometric indicators. A 7-point rather than a 5-point response version of the scale was recommended as a clinically accessible and concise measure of acute stress in adults with aphasia. Future research should examine whether the tendency for adults with aphasia to use a restricted range of lower stress responses was due to underreporting, not perceiving acute stress, or some other factor. The high correlation between stress and arousal in women suggests that there needs to be further investigation of discriminant validity. Future wo...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - August 7, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Laures-Gore J, Rice KG Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Clinical Outcomes Following Language-Specific Attention Treatment Versus Direct Attention Training for Aphasia: A Comparative Effectiveness Study.
Conclusions The results support the view that attention is allocated in ways that are particular to specific tasks rather than as a general resource that is allocated equivalently to all processing tasks. Domain-specific treatment for language deficits due to attentional impairment appears to be a suitable, if not preferable, approach for aphasia rehabilitation. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.8986427. PMID: 31348732 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 25, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Peach RK, Beck KM, Gorman M, Fisher C Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Neuromuscular Development in Neonates and Postnatal Infants: Implications for Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Therapy for Dysphagia.
Conclusion The use of NMES for the treatment of dysphagia in the neonate and young infant may influence early neuromuscular development in a manner that is not currently well understood. Future research is needed to further understand the effects of NMES on the developing neuromuscular system. PMID: 31343903 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Epperson HE, Sandage MJ Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Language and Planning in Children With Language Impairment.
Conclusions This study provides evidence for a relationship between language and planning, yet this relationship differed between children with SLI compared to TD peers. Findings suggest that children with SLI use nonlinguistic perceptual strategies to a greater degree than verbal strategies on visuospatial planning tasks and that intervention might address strategy use for planning. PMID: 31343936 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Larson C, Gangopadhyay I, Kaushanskaya M, Weismer SE Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Relationships Among Self-Reported Hearing Problems, Psychological Distress, and Cardiovascular Disease in U.S. Adults, National Health Interview Survey 1997-2017.
Conclusions The relationship between self-reported hearing problems and CVD is mediated by psychological distress. Further research is needed to identify causal pathways and psychophysiological mechanisms involved in this relationship and to identify effective methods for addressing cardiovascular health-related psychosocial factors in the treatment of hearing impairment. PMID: 31339788 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Xu D, Francis AL Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Classroom Vocabulary Intervention for Adolescents With Language Disorder.
Conclusion The experimental intervention was more effective than usual teaching practice in increasing the word knowledge of participants. Clinical and teaching implications include the importance of intervening during the adolescent years, with classroom vocabulary intervention being a viable option for collaborative teacher and speech and language therapy/pathology practice. PMID: 31339808 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lowe H, Henry L, Joffe VL Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Taste Manipulation and Swallowing Mechanics in Trauma-Related Sensory-Based Dysphagia.
This study explored the effects of high-concentration taste manipulation trials on swallow function in persons with sensory-based dysphagia. Method Dysphagia researchers partnered with clinical providers to prospectively identify traumatically injured U.S. military service members (N = 18) with sensory-based dysphagia as evidenced by delayed initiation and/or decreased awareness of residue/penetration/aspiration. Under videofluoroscopy, participants swallowed trials of 3 custom-mixed taste stimuli: unflavored (40% weight/volume [wt/vol] barium sulfate in distilled water), sour (2.7% wt/vol citric acid in 40% wt/vol barium ...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 23, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Dietsch AM, Dorris HD, Pearson WG, Dietrich-Burns KE, Solomon NP Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Computerized Speechreading Training for Deaf Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Conclusions Speechreading skill is trainable in deaf children. However, to support early reading, training may need to be longer or embedded in a broader literacy program. Nevertheless, a training tool that can improve speechreading is likely to be of great interest to professionals working with deaf children. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.8856356. PMID: 31336055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 23, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Pimperton H, Kyle F, Hulme C, Harris M, Beedie I, Ralph-Lewis A, Worster E, Rees R, Donlan C, MacSweeney M Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

The Accuracy of Respiratory Calibration Methods for Estimating Lung Volume During Speech Breathing: A Comparison of Four Methods Across Three Adult Cohorts.
Conclusion The LsqRC/AB method reduces errors across all cohorts, but older adults and adults with PD also have reduced errors when using LsqRC. Further research should investigate both least squares methods across larger age and disease severity ranges. PMID: 31330112 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 22, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: McKenna VS, Huber JE Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Making Sense of Sentences: Top-Down Processing of Speech by Adult Cochlear Implant Users.
Conclusions Findings from this study identified inhibitory control as a potential mechanism at work when listeners make use of semantic context during sentence recognition. Moreover, speed of lexical access and nonverbal reasoning were associated with recognition of sentences that lacked semantic context. These results motivate the development of improved comprehensive rehabilitative approaches for adult patients with CIs to optimize use of top-down processing and underlying core neurocognitive functions. PMID: 31330118 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 22, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Moberly AC, Reed J Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Neighborhood Density and Word Production in Delayed and Advanced Learners.
Conclusion Emphasis on a difficulty with the memorization of low-neighborhood density words as a determinant of slow vocabulary growth may be unwarranted, and the current evidence base in this direction is not robust enough to strongly support the development of possible interventions for late talkers. PMID: 31330120 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 22, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Jones SD, Brandt S Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Vietnamese-Speaking Children's Acquisition of Consonants, Semivowels, Vowels, and Tones in Northern Viet Nam.
Conclusion This is the 1st comprehensive study of typically developing Northern Vietnamese children's speech acquisition and provides preliminary data to support the emerging speech-language pathology profession in Viet Nam. PMID: 31322975 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Phạm B, McLeod S Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Speech Production Accuracy and Variability in Monolingual and Bilingual Children With Cochlear Implants: A Comparison to Their Peers With Normal Hearing.
Conclusions High rates of whole-word variability are prevalent in the speech of children with CIs even after many years of CI experience, and bilingual language exposure does not appear to negatively impact phonological development in children with CIs. Contributions to our understanding of underlying sources of speech production variability and clinical implications are discussed. PMID: 31318623 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 17, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sosa AV, Bunta F Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Temperament in Adults Who Stutter and Its Association With Stuttering Frequency and Quality-of-Life Impacts.
Conclusions Results reveal a nontrivial tendency for AWS to experience decreased positive affect compared to AWNS. In addition, increased frustration was found to be associated with reduced general knowledge about stuttering in AWS. Neither effect has been previously reported for adults or children who stutter. Finally, self-reported temperament traits were not found to vary with stuttering frequency in adults, consistent with previous results for AWS. PMID: 31318628 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 17, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Lucey J, Evans D, Maxfield ND Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Low-Frequency Pitch Perception in Cochlear Implant Recipients With Normal Hearing in the Contralateral Ear.
Conclusions Relatively accurate and asymptotic pitch perception was observed at the 1-month interval, indicating either very rapid acclimatization or the provision of familiar place and rate cues. Early availability of appropriate pitch cues could have played a role in the early improvements in localization and masked speech recognition previously observed in this cohort. PMID: 31306588 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 15, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Dillon MT, Buss E, Rooth MA, King ER, Pillsbury HC, Brown KD Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Examination of Clear Speech in Parkinson Disease Using Measures of Working Vowel Space.
Conclusions Using vowel space metrics calculated from formant traces of the reading passage, the current work suggests that speakers with PD do indeed reach the more peripheral regions of the vowel space during connected speech but spend a larger percentage of the time in more central regions of formant space than healthy speakers. Additionally, working vowel space metrics based on the distribution of formant data suggested that speakers with PD exhibited less of a clarity-related increase in formant space than controls, a trend that was not observed for perimeter-based measures of vowel space area. PMID: 31306606 [Pu...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 15, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Whitfield JA, Mehta DD Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Optimized and Predictive Phonemic Interfaces for Augmentative and Alternative Communication.
Conclusions Optimization and prediction led to increases in communication rates in users without motor impairments. Predictive interfaces were preferred by users with motor impairments. Future research is needed to translate these results into clinical practice. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.8636948. PMID: 31306607 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 15, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Cler GJ, Kolin KR, Noordzij JP, Vojtech JM, Fager SK, Stepp CE Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Bidirectional Interference Between Simulated Driving and Speaking.
Conclusion These findings reveal that divided attention conditions can impact both speech and simulated driving performance. The results also shed some light on the effects of age on speech and driving tasks, although the degree of interference from divided attention did not differ by age. PMID: 31306608 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 15, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Dromey C, Simmons K Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Motor-Induced Suppression of the N100 Event-Related Potential During Motor Imagery Control of a Speech Synthesizer Brain-Computer Interface.
Conclusion Observation of the N100 suppression suggests motor planning brain networks are active as participants control the BCI synthesizer, which may aid speech BCI mastery. PMID: 31306609 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 15, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Brumberg JS, Pitt KM Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Tongue- and Jaw-Specific Articulatory Underpinnings of Reduced and Enhanced Acoustic Vowel Contrast in Talkers With Parkinson's Disease.
Conclusions Findings suggest that a tongue-specific articulatory impairment underlies acoustic vowel contrast deterioration in talkers with PD, at least during the early stages of speech decline. Findings further suggest that slow speech engages the impaired tongue more than loud and clear speech in talkers with PD. However, slow speech was also associated with an abnormally strong jaw response in these talkers, which suggests that a compensatory articulatory behavior may also be elicited. PMID: 31306611 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 15, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Mefferd AS, Dietrich MS Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Effects of Concurrent Manual Task Performance on Connected Speech Acoustics in Individuals With Parkinson Disease.
Conclusions Overall, there were little to no changes in speech production when a low-demand oscillatory motor task was performed with concurrent reading. For the extemporaneous task, however, individuals with PD exhibited significant changes when the speech and manual tasks were performed concurrently, a pattern that was not observed for control speakers. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.8637008. PMID: 31306612 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 15, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Whitfield JA, Kriegel Z, Fullenkamp AM, Mehta DD Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Early Risk Factors and Emotional Difficulties in Children at Risk of Developmental Language Disorder: A Population Cohort Study.
Conclusion This article indicates that the increased emotional difficulties found in children with rDLD are likely a function of early language difficulties influencing other domains of development, specifically social interactions (parent and peer) and emotional self-regulation abilities. Clinically, this reiterates the importance of early identification and treatment of children with language delays or clinical level language disorders. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.8323598. PMID: 31306586 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 12, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: St Clair MC, Forrest CL, Yew SGK, Gibson JL Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Acoustic Breathiness Index for the Japanese-Speaking Population: Validation Study and Exploration of Affecting Factors.
Conclusion The study confirmed that the ABI is an accurate and specific tool to estimate breathiness levels in the Japanese-speaking population and neither roughness, sex, nor age significantly affects the ABI. PMID: 31296106 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 11, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hosokawa K, von Latoszek BB, Ferrer-Riesgo CA, Iwahashi T, Iwahashi M, Iwaki S, Kato C, Yoshida M, Umatani M, Miyauchi A, Matsushiro N, Inohara H, Ogawa M, Maryn Y Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Phonation Demonstrates Goal Dependence Under Unique Vocal Intensity and Aerobic Workload Conditions.
Conclusions Mostly consistent with a theory of action, in which motor control is goal dependent (i.e., vocal SPL targets), speakers can achieve a loud vocal SPL despite increases in workload requirements. In contrast, laryngeal airway resistance stays relatively low when vocal SPL occurs spontaneously, suggesting glottal adjustments are made to improve gas exchange as metabolic respiratory requirements become prioritized. Metabolic respiratory requirements appear to be overcome by the overlay of motor control for voicing when a loud vocal SPL is targeted. The implication of goal-dependent phonation for clinicians is that r...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 10, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ziegler A, VanSwearingen J, Jakicic JM, Verdolini Abbott K Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Validation of a Parent Report Tool for Monitoring Early Vocal Stages in Infants.
Conclusion Preliminary findings of sensitivity to age, concurrent validity, and internal consistency provide support for the eventual use of the VDLI as a clinical tool for tracking vocal and early verbal milestones. Future research will explore the level of concordance between parent report and researcher observations of child vocal behaviors. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.8330003. PMID: 31265353 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 2, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Moeller MP, Thomas AE, Oleson J, Ambrose SE Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Longitudinal Development of Wideband Absorbance and Admittance Through Infancy.
Conclusion There are large developmental effects on wideband absorbance and admittance measures through infancy. For absorbance, we recommend separate reference data be used at birth, 6 months of age, and 12-18 months of age. For admittance (both normalized and at the probe tip), we advise using separate normative regions for each age group (neonates and 6, 12, and 18 months). PMID: 31265355 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 2, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Myers J, Kei J, Aithal S, Aithal V, Driscoll C, Khan A, Manuel A, Joseph A, Malicka AN Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

How Old Do You Think I Am? Speech-Language Predictors of Perceived Age and Communicative Competence.
Conclusion Speakers tend to be judged on relatively superficial aspects of spoken language, in part because age-related change is most evident at these levels. Implications of these findings for age-related theories of stereotyping and speech-language intervention are discussed. PMID: 31265362 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 2, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Gordon JK, Andersen K, Perez G, Finnegan E Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Effects of Social Stress on Autonomic, Behavioral, and Acoustic Parameters in Adults Who Stutter.
Discussion Results suggest that AWS, compared to ANS, engage higher levels of parasympathetic control (i.e., RSA) during speaking, regardless of stress level. Higher levels of self-reported state and trait anxiety support this view point and suggest that anxiety may have an indirect role on articulatory variability in AWS. PMID: 31265363 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 2, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bauerly KR, Jones RM, Miller C Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Atlas-Based Tongue Muscle Correlation Analysis From Tagged and High-Resolution Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
Conclusions Correlation matrices in the atlas space show the coordination of tongue muscles in speech sound production. The FOM muscles are weakly correlated with the internal tongue muscles. Patients tend to use FOM muscles more than controls to compensate for their postsurgery function loss. PMID: 31265364 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 2, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Xing F, Stone M, Goldsmith T, Prince JL, El Fakhri G, Woo J Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research

Linguistic Materials and Metrics for the Creation of Well-Controlled Swedish Speech Perception Tests.
Conclusion The results of this study constitute an extensive linguistic resource for the process of selecting test items in new well-controlled speech perception tests in the Swedish language. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.8330009. PMID: 31265791 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - July 2, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Witte E, Köbler S Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research