Adaptation of a patient activat ıon measure (PAM) into Turkish: reliability and validity test
Conclusion: PAM has enough validy and reliability for use in determining activation scores and level of the patients in Turkey. It could be used in planing appropriate interventions for the activation level and help to improve self management.Keywords: Pat ıent actıvatıon measure (pam), reliability, validity, test. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 23, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Oral parafunctions, personality traits, anxiety and their association with signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders in the adolescents
Objectives: To investigate the association between oral parafunctions, personality traits, anxiety and signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders in the adolescents.Methods: Two hundred and seventy adolescents were examined clinically for the signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders. Participants completed questionnaires about demographic variables, medical history, symptoms of temporoman- dibular disorders, parafunctional oral habits, Minnesota Multibasic Personality Inventory, and Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory.Results: Logistic regression analyses revealed that bruxism was associated with join...
Source: African Health Sciences - April 23, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Impact of oral contraceptives on periodontal health
This study was conducted to assess the effect of oral contraceptive pills on the periodontal health.Materials and method: A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted among 200 females aged 18 years and above of Jaipur city. The study subjects were divided into two groups i.e. contraceptive users and non-contraceptive users, each group consisted 100 females. Data was collected using Modified WHO Performa (1997). Periodontal status was examined using Com- munity Periodontal Index (CPI) and Loss of Attachment (LOA). Chi-square test and one sample t-test was used for statistical analysis and P value was set (p
Source: African Health Sciences - April 23, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Is prophylactic removal of impacted mandibular third molar justified in all patients? A prospective clinical study of patients 50 years and above
Conclusion: This study showed that 15.9% of impactions in 18.4% of patients were symptomatic and required surgical ex- traction, whereas the burden of impaction on the adjacent second molar was 26.4%, and these required only preventive and restorative treatments.Keywords: Mandible, impaction, second molar, third molar, prognosis.  (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 23, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Surgical need among the ageing population of Uganda
Conclusion: There is disproportionately high need for surgical care among the ageing population of Uganda with approximate- ly 700,000 consultations needed.Keywords: Surgical need, ageing population, Uganda. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 23, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Pattern of surgical emergencies in a Nigerian tertiary hospital
Conclusion: There is a wide spectrum of surgical emergencies in our setting with trauma accounting for a substantial propor- tion of cases. Improved trauma care, neurosurgical services and intensive care facilities may improve the outcome of surgical emergencies in our environment.Keywords: Surgical emergencies; Pattern; tertiary hospital; Nigeria. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 23, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Prevalence, patterns and factors associated with hypertensive crises in Mulago hospital emergency department; a cross-sectional study
Background: Hypertension is increasing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and it ’s the single most important modifiable stroke risk factor, yet it’s control is not routinely emphasized. The prevalence, pattern and factors associated with hypertensive urgencies and emergencies in Uganda is not well established. A cross-sectional study, was conducted between November 2015 and February 2016, using a complete clinical examination and pre-tested standardized questionnaire subjects were enrolled. The prevalence of hypertensive crises and associations of demo- graphic and clinical factors determined using logistic regressio...
Source: African Health Sciences - April 23, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Pre-operative pulmonary assessment and risk factors for post-operative pulmonary complications in elective abdominal surgery in Nigeria
This study sought to evaluate pre-operative risk factors for PPCs in abdominal surgerypatients in Nigeria.Methodology: This was a prospective study in patients booked for surgery in 2014. Biodata, medical his tory, pre-operative respiratory and cardiovascular examination findings, body mass index, serum albumin, serum urea, ventilatory function, chest x-rays and oxygen saturation were obtained. The association between pre-operative variables and PPCs was determined.Results: The pre-operative spirometry was predominantly restrictive (62%). Overall, the prevalence of PPCs was 52%. This included non-productive cough (14%), is...
Source: African Health Sciences - April 23, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Comparison of effects of propofol and ketofol (Ketamine-Propofol mixture) on emergence agitation in children undergoing tonsillectomy
Conclusion: Infusion of ketofol in children undergoing tonsillectomy provides shorter recovery time and lower incidence of EA despite the non significant difference with propofol.Keywords:  Emergence agitation, ketofol, propofol. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 23, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Analysis of risk factors for depression among patients with chronic low back pain in an orthopaedic clinic of a Nigerian teaching hospital
Conclusion: The independent risk factors for depression identified in this study calls for maintaining a high level of suspicion in the patients with these risk factors to facilitate early recognition of depression, and a high priority accorded to them in the measures aimed at addressing depression for a good therapeutic outcome.Keywords: Risk factors for depression, chronic low back pain, Nigerian teaching hospital. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 23, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

The efficacy and safety of 10 mg/day vortioxetine compared to placebo for adult major depressive disorder: a meta-analysis
Background: There is a growing interest in vortioxetine in major depressive disorder (MDD). Objectives: This meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of 10 mg/day (mg/d) vortioxetine compared to placebo for MDD in adult.Methods: Eight randomly controlled trials (RCTs) about the treatment of 10 mg/d vortioxetine in adult patients with MDD were identified and 2354 patients were included in meta-analysis.Results: According to the results, 10 mg/d vortioxetine showed significant differences in response rates (OR=1.88, 95% CI=1.40-2.53, P
Source: African Health Sciences - April 23, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

A randomised controlled trial of the effect of laryngeal mask airway manometry on postoperative sore throat in spontaneously breathing adult patients presenting for surgery at a university teaching hospital
Background: Laryngeal mask airways (LMAs) are widely used in anaesthesia and are considered to be generally safe. Postop- erative sore throat (POST) is a frequent complication following LMA use and can be very distressing to patients. The use of an LMA cuff pressure of between 30 and 32cm of H20 in alleviating post-operative sore throat has not been investigated.Objective: To compare the occurrence of POST between the intervention group in which LMA cuff pressures were adjusted to 30-32cm of H20 and the control group in which only monitoring of LMA cuff pressures was done, to compare the severity of POST between the two st...
Source: African Health Sciences - April 23, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Infections, NCDS, and the scourge of cyclones and Ebola in sub-Saharan Africa
Nil. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 23, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Precancerous lesions of cervix among women infected with HIV in Referral Hospitals of Amhara Region, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study
Conclusion: This study points out the prevalence of pre-cancerous lesions of the cervix is high. Thus, the findings recommend raising of a screening strategy for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia for all women living with HIV should be undertaken. In ad- dition, awareness creation about the impact of multiple sexual partner, promotion of early HIV diagnosis and timely baseline CD4 cell count is important.Keywords: Pre-cancerous, cervical lesion, HIV, cancer, visual inspection, acetic acid. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 22, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Pattern of distribution of reactive localised hyperplasia of the oral cavity in patients at a tertiary health institution in Nigeria
Conclusion:  The major benefit of this study is an improved knowledge of the frequency and distribution of oral reactive le- sions in sub-Saharan Africa which may be highly beneficial when establishing a diagnosis and treatment plan in clinical practice.Keywords: Focal fibrous hyperplasia, oral mucosa, peripheral giant cell granuloma, peripheral ossifying fibroma, pyogenic gran- uloma, reactive hyperplasia. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 22, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Mitochondrial DNA deletions in patients with esophagitis, Barrett ’s esophagus, esophageal adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma
Conclusion: We can say that, these deletions are not associated with progression of normal esophagus to BE and EA and they do not have an important role in detecting esophagitis, BE, EA, and ESSC.Keywords: Barrett's esophagus, esophageal cancer, mitochondrial DNA, 4977 bp, 7400 bp. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 19, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Determinants of prostate specific antigen screening test uptake in an urban community in North-Central Nigeria
Conclusion: Higher incomes and health insurance status impact screening awareness but only income status determines if men subsequently proceed to take the PSA screening test.Keywords: Prostate cancer; PSA screening; sub-Saharan Africa; Nigeria. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 18, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

The relation between echocardiographic epicardial fat thickness and mitral annular calcification
In this study we aimed to investigate the EFT in patients with MAC.Methods: The study group consisted of 78 patients with MAC. An age, gender and body mass index matched control group consisted of 47 subjects who admitted to echocardiography laboratory due to suspicion of organic heart disease and eventually found to be free of MAC. We measured EFT in patients with MAC and control subjects.Results: EFT was significantly higher in patients with MAC than in control subjects (5.7 ±0.9 vs. 4.4±0.6 mm respectively; P
Source: African Health Sciences - April 18, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Anthracycline induced cardiotoxicity in adult cancer patients: a prospective cohort study from a specialized oncology treatment centre in Uganda
Purpose: To determine the cumulative incidence of anthracycline induced cardiotoxicity (AIC), its predictors, and associated electrocardiographic and echocardiographic manifestations in adult cancer patients at Uganda Cancer Institute (UCI).Methods: We enrolled 160 participants between June 2013 and April 2014 and followed them up for a median of 146 days. Data on clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic findings was obtained at baseline, and at completion of chemotherapy. The Pearson chi square test was used to identify the predictors associated with cardiotoxicity.Results: Of the 64 patients who were accessib...
Source: African Health Sciences - April 18, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

The perceived barriers to insulin therapy among type 2 diabetic patients
Conclusion: Diabetics showed a negative attitude towards insulin therapy due to social and psychological factors. The results necessitate the development of a strategy to address problems related with a reluctance to initiate insulin and put a strategy to implement education and better interaction with diabetic team to the stigma from phobia from insulin use.Keywords: Barriers to insulin therapy, type 2 diabetic patients. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 18, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Do patients with diabetes use the insulin pen properly?
This study was conducted to evaluate the insulin pen application knowledge and skills of patients with diabetes.Methods: In our descriptive study, 200 patients with diabetes were asked to present the insulin pen injection technique on a mannequin and the steps of the pen injection implementation were noted on the data collection form as correct/incorrect by researchers.Results: More than 3 out of 4 (79.5%) of the participants were using the insulin pen or the cartridge after the expiry date, 70.5% were not rotating the injection site, and 63.0% were massaging the skin after injection. Injection sites complications were sig...
Source: African Health Sciences - April 18, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Pattern and microbiological characteristics of diabetic foot ulcers in a Nigerian tertiary hospital
Conclusion: Diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) contribute about one-third of DMFS. The bacteriological isolates from these ulcers are mainly polymicrobial with high sensitivity to common antibiotics. The need for appropriate use of antibiotics should be advocated among the patients.Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, antibiotic sensitivity, Nigeria. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 18, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Utility of albumin to creatinine ratio in screening for microalbuminuria among newly diagnosed diabetic patients in Uganda: a cross sectional study
Conclusion: Prevalence of microalbuminuria was high in this group. Physical activity at work may be protective against micro- albuminuria and this calls for longitudinal studies. Early detection and management of microalbuminuria in diabetics may slow progression to overt diabetic nephropathy (DN).Keywords: Albumin, creatinine, microalbuminuria, diabetic patients, Uganda. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 18, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio as an indicative of diabetic control level in type 2 diabetes mellitus
Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with chronic low grade inflammation. One of the novel inflammatory mark- ers is hemogram derived neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR). Objective: We aimed to compare NLR levels of diabetic subjects and healthy controls and to observe possible correlation be- tween NLR and HbA1c.Methods: Medical data of type 2 diabetic subjects admitted to out-patient clinics of our institution between April to July in 2017 were obtained from database and retrospectively analyzed. Control group was chosen from healthy subjects who visited our institution for a routine check-up. Anthropometr...
Source: African Health Sciences - April 18, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

A randomized controlled clinical trial evaluating the effect of Trigonella foenum-graecum (fenugreek) versus glibenclamide in patients with diabetes
Conclusion: Fenugreek could be used as adjuvant therapy to anti-diabetic drugs to control blood glucose, and further studies are needed.Keywords: Trigonella foenum-graecum (fenugreek), glibenclamide, diabetes. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 18, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Relationship between household wealth and childhood immunization in core-North Nigeria
We examined the relationship between inequal- ity in household wealth and complete childhood immunization in that part of the country.    Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 4079 mothers with children 12-23 months of age. Children were considered ‘fully-immunized’ if they received all the vaccines included in the immunization schedule. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and  logistic regression models (α=5.0%).Results: About 39% and 5.0% children of the rich and poor received complete immunization respectively. Also, 64.2% and 49.6% children of the rich women ...
Source: African Health Sciences - April 18, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Community participation to improve health services for children: a methodology for a community dialogue intervention in Uganda
Conclusion: The perception that community dialoging is “a lot of talk” that never advances meaningful action was debunked since participant-initiated actions were conceived and implemented. Potential for use of electronic communication in real-time feedback and stimulating discussion proved viable. Post-dialogue monitoring captured in community cont racts facilitated pro- cess evaluation and added plausibility for observed effects. Capacitated organizations during post-dialogue monitoring guaran- teed sustainability.Keywords: Community dialogues, post-dialogue monitoring, sustainability, strategy, community, ch...
Source: African Health Sciences - April 18, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Malnutrition and medical nutrition therapy in hospitalized children: a case study of using national malnutrition screening tools in northeastern Iran
Conclusion: Medical nutrition therapy employed in this study prevented deterioration of nutritional status of children during hospitalization and was effective in stabilizing indices of nutritional status.Keywords: Body mass index, hospitalized children, malnutrition. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 18, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Newborn resuscitation practices and paucity of resuscitative devices in Nigeria; a call to action
Conclusion: There is an urgent need to address the issue of training on bag-mask ventilation and provision for frontline health- care workers in Nigeria as a neonatal mortality reduction strategy.Keywords: Newborn resuscitation, paucity of resuscitative device, Nigeria. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 18, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Short term outcome and predictors of survival among birth asphyxiated babies at a tertiary academic hospital in Enugu, South East, Nigeria
This study was carried out in the Newborn Unit of Enugu State University Teaching Hospital. In-hospital deliveries (Inborn) and those from other centers (Out-born) with one minute Apgar score ≤ 6 were included. Interviewer administered questionnaire was used to collect data from caregivers. Information sought included gestational age (GA), birth weight (BW), Apgar score, place of delivery and outcome. Data was analyzed using SPSS. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were do ne.Results: Of the 150 neonates, 61.3% survived. Majority of the dead were out-born. The difference was statistically significant (p
Source: African Health Sciences - April 18, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Does feticide shorten termination duration in second trimester pregnancy terminations?
Conclusion: The misoprostol protocol is shown to be effective and safe for the termination of pregnancies during the second trimester. Feticide has no affect on the duration of termination.Keywords: Feticide, second trimester pregnancy, terminations. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 18, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Assessment of maternal referral systems used for a rural Zambian hospital: the development of setting specific protocols for the identification of complications
Conclusion: The referral criteria and protocols were updated to include all of the reported complications. We propose this document for others working in resource-limited settings attempting to establish or evaluate a maternal referral systems.Keywords: Maternal referral systems, Zambian hospital, protocols, complications. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Urinary tract infections, bacterial resistance and immunological status: a cross sectional study in pregnant and non-pregnant women at Mbouda Ad-Lucem Hospital
This study was aimed at analyzing the bacterial resistance in urogenital tract as well as the immunological profile amongst pregnant and non-pregnant women at Mbouda Ad-Lucem Hospital, Western Region of Cameroon.Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out from December 2015 to May 2016 at Mbouda Ad-Lucem hospital on 104 pregnant women and 24 non-pregnant women. The midstream urine from participants was analysed for the presence, isolation and identification of the uro-pathogens, using selective and specific bacterial culture media. An antibiotic susceptibility tests was carried out using disk diffusion method. Blood s...
Source: African Health Sciences - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

A prospective study to compare the effectiveness of adjunctive rectal misoprostol or oxytocin titration in the prevention of primary post-partum haemorrhage in at risk patients
Conclusion: Rectal misoprostol is as effective and safe as oxytocin when used as an adjunctive uterotonic in prevent- ing primary post-partum haemorrhage in patients with risk factors for uterine atony after active management of third stage of labour.Keywords: Adjunctive rectal misoprostol, primary post-partum haemorrhage, patients. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Risk factors and causes of stillbirths among pregnant women in Pakistan
Conclusion: The study concluded that to achieve gain in child survival, there is need to promote antenatal care, birth spacing, and family planning programs in developing countries.Keywords: Perinatal mortality, stillbirth causes, delivery complications, Pakistan. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Pattern of domestic violence from 2011 to 2015 in Beira, Mozambique
Conclusion: It is crucial to act immediately and with a multi-disciplinary approach in order to fight domestic violence, especially against women due to its dramatic consequences as isolation, inability to work, loss of wages, lack of participation in regular activities and limited ability to care for themselves and their children.Keywords: Domestic violence, violence against women, sexual violence, physical violence. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Preparing medical students to recognize and respond to gender based violence in Nigeria
Conclusion: Formalised skills training on GBV is a necessity, especially for young, female students and training cannot be left to serendipity. The medical curriculum should be reviewed.Keywords: Undergraduate medical curriculum, gender based violence, violence against women, medical student perceptions, teaching and training undergraduate. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Sexual harassment and victimization of students: a case study of a higher education institution in South Africa
Conclusion:  This study shows that both male and female students on campus are experiencing different forms of sexual ha- rassment.Keywords: Students, sexual harassment, higher education institution. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

High risk sexual behavior among adolescent senior secondary school students in Nigeria
Conclusion: The students had relatively poor knowledge and perceptions of HRSP. Quite a number did not consider indiscriminate sexual intercourse as HRSP. An appreciable number did not perceive any danger in keeping multiple sexual partners or beingengaged in unprotected sex. Counselling on the dangers of HRSP should be a component of the school health services so as to curb the complications of HRSP in our secondary schools.Keywords: Knowledge, attitude , perception , high risk sexual practices, Nigeria (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Nickel challenge up regulates CD69 expression on T lymphocyte sub-sets from patients with nickel induced contact dermatitis
This study was performed to assess nickel induced immune activation among patients sensitized against nickel.Patients and Methods: A total of 35 patients (29 females and 6 males; mean age 36 ±9 years) with nickel contact dermatitis and 20 patch test negative healthy individuals  (14 females and 6 males; mean age 29±7 years) were included in this study. Peripheral blood of patients and controls was incubated with nickel sulfate for 24 hours. Immune activation was assessed by CD69 up-r eg- ulation on T lymphocyte sub-sets by flow cytometry.Results: Base line expression of CD69 on CD8+ lymphocytes was highe...
Source: African Health Sciences - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Targeted screening for primary immunodeficiency disorders in the neonatal period and early infancy
Conclusion: Focused screening in high risk neonates proved to be a valuable tool for diagnosis of PID disorders.Keywords: Primary immunodeficiency disorders, neonatal period, early infancy. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Disinfection efficacy of green synthesized gold nanoparticles for medical disinfection applications
Conclusion: The antibacterial activity of AuNPs revealed significant activity towards both gram negative and gram positive bacteria signifying their potential disinfection related applications in medicine and biology.Keywords: Dillenia indica leaves, disinfection, AuNPs. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever suspected cases admitted to a secondary care hospital in Kastamonu, Turkey between 2014-2017
Background: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is an endemic zoonosis in Kastamonu, Turkey. Clinical and laborato- ry findings may not be specific in the early phase of the disease, hence bringing a challenge to the clinician. Objective: We aimed to distinguish CCHF cases among all suspected cases by comparing them with non-CCHF cases with respect to characteristics during admission.Methods: Cases with a presumptive diagnosis of CCHF at a secondary care hospital in Kastamonu in between 2014-2017 were evaluated, retrospectively. CCHF and non-CCHF cases were compared with respect to their clinical, laboratory and epidemi...
Source: African Health Sciences - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Improved adherence to anti-retroviral therapy among traditionalists: reflections from rural South Africa
Conclusion: A nascent strategy has been developed which is contributing to improved adherence and a reduction in internalised stigma among traditionalists living with HIV in Waterberg district, South Africa.Keywords: HIV and AIDS; internalised stigma; makgoma; medical pluralism; ‘origins of HIV’. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

The role of hepatic progenitor cells in predicting response to therapy in Egyptian patients with chronic hepatitis C, genotype 4
Conclusion: The number of HPCs provides prognostic information in chronic HCV since it is significantly associated with stage of fibrosis. More importantly, it can be used as a marker to predict response of patients with chronic HCV to PEGIFN plus RBV therapy.Keywords: Chronic hepatitis C, genotype 4, response to therapy, hepatic progenitor cells. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

NP and NS1 proteins of H5N1 virus significantly upregulated IFITM1, IFITM2, and IFITM3 in A549 cells
Conclusion: Taken together, our data suggested that IFITM1, IFITM2, and IFITM3 might be directly upregulated via NS1, M1, NP, and PB2 proteins during H5N1 avian influenza virus infection. This study provided new insights into the influence of NS1 and NP proteins on regulation of IFITM1, IFITM2, and IFITM3 expression following H5N1 infection.Keywords: Influenza Virus, H5N1, NS1 protein, NP protein, IFITMs. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

MRSA: the leading pathogen of orthopedic infection in a tertiary care hospital, South India
Conclusion: MRSA infection was high. Consequent to this, an interventional program entitled ‘Extended Infection Control Measures'was designed to reduce the burden of infection.Keywords: MRSA, orthopedic, infection, South India. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 16, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and antibiogram study of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from clinical and selected drinking water of Dutsin-Ma, Katsina state, Nigeria
Conclusion: This study revealed that multidrug resistance strains of S. aureus can be isolated from both clinical and drinking water sources, hence, a public health significance that calls for urgent attention by clinicians and public health workers.Keywords: Clinical isolates, aquatic isolates, s. aureus, multi-drug resistant. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 16, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Glyceryl trinitrate blocks staphyloxanthin and biofilm formation in Staphylococcus aureus
Conclusion: The present study revealed the ability of GTN to serve as a potential anti-virulence candidate for attenuation of S. aureus pathogenicity.Keywords: Glyceryl trinitrate, Staphylococcus aureus, staphyloxanthin, biofilm. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 16, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

The potential role of urbanization in the resistance to organophosphate insecticide in Culex pipiens pipiens from Tunisia
Conclusion: This is the first study in Tunisia showing evidence of the impact of urbanization on the resistance level in Culex pipiens pipiens. Proper management of the polluted breeding sites in the country and effective regulation of water bodies from commercial and domestic activities appear to be critical for managing insecticide resistance.Keywords: Culex pipiens pipiens, urbanization, organophosphate resistance. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - April 16, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research