Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma: a case report and review of literature
Conclusion: Due to the similarity in the clinical symptoms of CA-ex-PA and benign pleomorphic adenoma, it is vital that clinicians maintain a high degree of clinical vigilance, considering the oddity of this malignancy.Keywords: Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma, Fine needle aspiration cytology, parotidectomy. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Generalized lymphadenopathy: an unusual presentation of Burkitt lymphoma in a Nigerian child: a case report
Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first documented report of its kind of endemic Burkitt lymphoma involving lymphnodes generally as the primary site. High index of suspicion and early biopsy are the key in this uncommon presentation.Keywords: Burkitt lymphoma, generalized lymphadenopathy, Nigerian child. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Immunoglobulin heavy variable (IgHV) gene mutation and micro-RNA expression in Burkitt ’s lymphoma at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital in Western Kenya
Conclusion: B-cell in BL contained somatic mutated IgHV gene and upregulated cellular microRNAs with possible pathogenetic role(s).Keywords: IgHV; somatic hypermutation; microRNA; Burkitt ’s lymphoma. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

The effect of myometrial invasion on prognostic factors and survival analysis in endometrial carcinoma
Background: We investigated the relationship between myometrial invasion and the prognostic factors on overall and progression free survival in endometrial carcinoma.Methods: 122 cases operated with endometrial cancer were included into the study. Progression-free survival and overall survival were evaluated according to degree of myometrial invasion. We also investigated the relationship between myometrial invasion and prognostic factors.Results: The 5- year progression-free survival rate was 90 % in stage I, 66 % in stage II, 32 % in stage III and 60 % in stage IV. The 5- year overall survival rate was 95 % in stage I, 8...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

The diagnostic accuracy of routine clinical findings for detection of esophageal varices in rural sub-Saharan Africa where schistosomiasis is endemic
Background: Variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is common in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, poor access to endoscopy services precludes the diagnosis of varices.Objectives: We determined the diagnostic accuracy of routine clinical findings for detection of esophageal varices among patients with UGIB in rural SSA where schistosomiasis is endemic.Methods: We studied patients with a history of UGIB. The index tests included routine clinical findings and the reference test was diagnostic endoscopy. Multivariable regression with post-estimation provided measures of association and diagnostic accuracy.Results: We...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

C - reactive protein and urinary tract infection due to Gram-negative bacteria in a pediatric population at a tertiary hospital, Mwanza, Tanzania
Introduction: Gram-negative bacteria are the major cause of urinary tract infections (UTI) in children. There is limited data on UTI systemic response as measured using C-reactive protein (CRP). Here, we report the association of CRP and UTI among children attending the Bugando Medical Centre, Mwanza, Tanzania.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between May and July 2017. Urine and blood were collected and processed within an hour of collection. Data were analyzed using STATA version 13.Results: Of 250 enrolled children, 76(30.4%) had significant bacteriuria with 56(22.4%, 95%CI; 11.5-33.3) having gram-negative ...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Seroprevalence, risk factors and comorbidities associated with Helicobacter pylori infection amongst children receiving care at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Center
Conclusion: The seroprevalence ofH. pylori antibodies was lower compared to most developing countries. Keeping a dog, household size, indoor tap water, fathers ’ occupation and diabetes mellitus type 1 were found to be independent predictors of presence ofH. pylori antibodies.Keywords:Helicobacter Pylori. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

An overview of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia for the African generalist practitioner
Conclusion: This overview is presented by clinicians who have experience with PCP and is directed mainly at first-line healthcare providers.Keywords: Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, african generalist practitioner. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Uptake and utilization of institutional voluntary HIV testing and counseling services among students aged 18-24 in Kenya ’s public Universities
Conclusion: This study has unraveled the factors that are associated with testing and counseling in institutional facilities. University students seem to seek and utilize VCT services for different reasons. It is also clear that patterns of services utilization vary from group to another as observed in the case of year of study, gender and age category.Recommendations: It is necessary for policy makers in institutions of higher learning together with those tasked with managing healthcare services in these institutions to adopt approaches that will overcome the barriers to utilization of VCT services among students. With kn...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Knowledge about modifiable risk factors for non-communicable diseases adults living with HIV in Rwanda
Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are of international public health concern. Of more concern are people living with HIV (PLHIV), who have the increased risk of developing NCDs, such as hypertension, stroke and diabetes. Research has revealed that there is a relationship between knowledge of NCD risk factors and risk perceptions in the general population. Therefore, an assessment of PLHIV ’s NCD risk factors knowledge is quite critical, to design effective NCD prevention programmes.Objective: To assess the level of knowledge of modifiable risk factors for NCDs and its associated factors among adults living ...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Psychometric validity of the distress thermometer and problem check list in ART-na ïve HIV infected patients in Northern Nigeria
Conclusion: The DT and Problem List were found to be valid measures of distress in ART-na ïve HIV infected patients.Keywords: Distress thermometer, validity, psychological distress, ART-na ïve, Northern Nigeria. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Stigmatization and discrimination as predictors of self-esteem of people living with HIV and AIDS in Nigeria
Conclusion: Conclusively, intervention programmes should evolve enlightenment through television, movies, and educational programs that incorporate the ill effects of discrimination and stigma so as to boost self-esteem of PLHIV.Keywords: Intervention; psychological health; poverty; pocial isolation. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

A retrospective clinico-pathologic analysis of cemento-osseous dysplasia in a South African patient population
Conclusion: A higher frequency of jaw osteomyelitis secondary to COD was found compared to previous studies. No significant association was shown between any of the COD types and secondary osteomyelitis.Keywords: Cemento-osseous dysplasia, South Africa, patient population. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Self-rated oral health status and social and health determinants among community dwelling adults in Kenya
Conclusion: High unsatisfied self-rated oral health status was found and several risk factors for poor self-rated oral health were identified that can help in guiding oral health care programming in Kenya.Keywords: Self-rated oral health status, oral conditions, oral health behaviour, general health status, general health behaviour, adults, Kenya. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Effect of target controlled propofol infusion versus intermittent boluses during oesophagogastroduodenoscopy: a randomized controlled trial
Conclusion: TCI of propofol was associated with fewer episodes of hypoxia compared to intermittent bolus administration. Similar hemodynamic profiles and comparable time to recovery were demonstrated by these two sedation techniques.Keywords: Target controlled propofol infusion, intermittent boluses, oesophagogastroduodenoscopy. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Intra-operative low-dose ketamine does not reduce the cost of post-operative pain management after surgery: a randomized controlled trial in a low-income country
Conclusion: Our results do not support the utilization of intra-operative low dose ketamine as a cost-saving post-operative pain treatment strategy for all types of surgery in low-resource settings.Keywords: Post-operative pain management, ketamine, low-income country, RCT. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Pseudoscience in medicine: cautionary recommendations
Conclusion: It is argued that the validity of all theory should not be assumed before sufficient empirical evidence has accumulated to support its validity across contexts. However, caution is required, to avoid the consequences of an unquestioning approach to empiricism.Keywords: Pseudoscience; denialism; medical practice; medical theory; empiricism. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Medical error reporting among physicians and nurses in Uganda
Conclusion: Medical errors occur in the two hospitals and there are no reporting systems. Health workers who report medical errors should not be punished.Keywords: Medical error reporting, physicians, nurses, Uganda. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Core competencies acquired in indigenous training of traditional health practitioners in Kwazulu-Natal
Conclusion: The apprenticeship of THPs in KZN is based on eleven core competencies. These competencies are fundamental pillars for critical health care provided by THPs and are crucial for setting standards for the accreditation of traditional training in South Africa if the THP Act 22 of 2007 is to achieve its purpose of providing for the management of and control over the registration, training and conduct of the practitioners. Hence, the appointed interim THP Council should include the identified competencies when articulating bases for accreditation of the training and assessments.Keywords: Indigenous training, traditi...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

An empirical study exploring the determinants of stress among medical healthcare professionals
Conclusion: There are number of factors which enhance the stress of healthcare professionals. In Pakistan, the major stressor of medical healthcare professionals is “career& reward prospects ” followed by “workplace environmental stressor”. “Job demand& performance stressor ’’ ranks third among the list of stressors and “interpersonal stressor’’ ranks fourth according to significance for healthcare professionals.Keywords: Stress, stressors, medical healthcare professionals, Pakistan. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

A review of clinical presentation and physiotherapy management of cerebral palsy patients in Esut teaching hospital, Enugu, Nigeria
Conclusion: High level of abandonment of treatment and lack of more modern physiotherapy modalities were noted. There is need to emphasize better health education of parents/guardians of the patients and improve social welfare benefits for the patients.Keywords: Cerebral palsy, rehabilitation, social welfare. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Under-five malnutrition in a South-Eastern Nigeria metropolitan city
Background: Malnutrition (under and overnutrition) presents significant threats to child health. The co-existence of under and overnutrition in a population is increasingly being described in the literature .Objective: To identify the prevalence of malnutrition among under-five children in Enugu metropolis.Methods: A cross-sectional study of pre-primary school children conducted from January to May 2016. using stratified sampling technique. Caregiver-administered questionnaire was used to obtain relevant information. Weights and heights were measured using a standard weight scale and stadiometer/ length mat respectively. W...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Adequacy of macro and micronutrients in infants and young children ’s diets in Zanzibar, Tanzania
Conclusion: Children diets were limited in fruits and vegetables that caused micronutrients of nutritional importance such as iron, zinc and vitamin A to be supplied below recommended level. Equally, fat intake was below recommended level. Nutrition education on appropriate complementary foods should be given to caregivers. Promotion of consumption of diversified diets and locally available nutrient dense foods should be emphasized so as to achieve adequate intake of nutrients to infants and young children.Keywords: ProPAN, children, nutrient adequacy, Zanzibar. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and maternal socio-demographic factors associated with stillbirth in health facilities in Anambra, South-East Nigeria
Background: Stillbirth is a major adverse perinatal outcome especially in low and middle income countries across the globe. Certain factors relating to mothers from such countries may be associated with this adverse condition.Objectives: To determine the prevalence of stillbirth and also explore the maternal socio-demographic factors associated with stillbirth among mothers in rural communities in Anambra Central Senatorial District of Anambra State Nigeria who gave birth between January 2012 and December 2016.Methods: All case files of mothers who were delivered of their babies were accessed at the sampled health faciliti...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

The current pattern of facility-based perinatal and neonatal mortality in Sagamu, Nigeria
Background: Perinatal and neonatal mortality rates have been described as sensitive indices of the quality of health care services. Regular audits of perinatal and neonatal mortalities are desirable to evaluate the various global interventions.Objective: To describe the current pattern of perinatal and neonatal mortality in a Nigerian tertiary health facility.Methods: Using a prospective audit method, the socio-demographic parameters of all perinatal and neonatal deaths recorded in a Nigerian tertiary facility between February 2017 and January 2018 were studied.Results: There were 1,019 deliveries with stillbirth rate of 2...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Impact of parity and gestational age of mothers with hypertension on birth weight, red blood cells and mode of delivery of their babies
Background: Maternal factors are determinants of birth outcome which includes birth weight, haematological indices and mode of delivery of their babies.Objectives: To determine the impact of parity and gestational age of hypertensive mothers on some neonatal variables.Methods: A hospital based cross-sectional study of measurement of neonatal variables (birth weight, red blood cells and mode of delivery) among hypertensive mothers and their controls was conducted over a period of six months. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences program (SPSS), version 20.Results: There were statistically sign...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of the level of awareness of congenital toxoplasmosis and associated practices among pregnant women and health workers in Tanzania ’s Temeke district in Dar es Salaam
Conclusion: Due to general lack of awareness towards toxoplasmosis observed among both health workers and pregnant women in Temeke Municipality, we recommend health policy on maternal and child healthcare to address prenatal screening that is aimed at providing early diagnosis for any possible congenital toxoplasmosis as well as diseases that are currently screened in Tanzania such as HIV, syphilis and malaria. Integrating a One Health approach in educating medical professionals and the vulnerable population of pregnant women on the importance of congenital zoonoses will promote awareness and preventive practices towards t...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Attitude of women in a Nigerian local government to reproductive health following health education intervention
Conclusion: A significant number of women proved a better and positive attitude to reproductive health after intervention such as improved use of condoms to evade risks associated with unprotected sex, concern about risk of HIV and STIsKeywords: Health Education, Reproductive Health, Attitude, women, Nigerian LG. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

How do reproductive age women perceive breast cancer screening in Ethiopia? A qualitative study
Conclusion: All health belief model constructs identified a critical problem for adaptation of behavior. Therefore, this gives the opportunity to design and develop community-based intervention and explore new intervention mechanism with an accurate method.Keywords: Behavior, breast, perception, qualitative data, Ethiopia. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Complementary and alternative treatment methods for menopausal hot flashes used in Turkey
Conclusion: Women who use CAM usually use it with information that is out of the knowledge of health profession and lack of information. It is recommended to carry out extensive studies for CAM methods and the mechanisms of action that women use.Keywords: Menopause, hot flashes, complementary and alternative medicine. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Risk factors for dysmenorrhea among Ghanaian undergraduate students
This study aims to identify the common risk factors and associated symptoms of menstrual pain which have been previously not caught the attention of researchers in Ghana.Methodology: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional study involving to two hundred female undergraduate students of the University of Cape Coast (UCC), Ghana. Data collected and analysed using standardized and acceptable statistical tools. Verbal multidimensional scoring system for assessment of dysmenorrhoea severity was used in this study to assess the severity of dysmenorrhoeaResults: More than half (57.3%) of the respondents having pain beginning ...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

High risk human papillomavirus (HPV) common among a cohort of women with female genital mutilation
Conclusion: FGM needs to be halted as it has no known health benefit yet may increase the risk for cervical cancer.Keywords: HPV, female genital mutilation. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Sexual dysfunction: prevalence and associated factors in patients with mental illness receiving psychotropic medication in Nigeria
Conclusion: Sexual dysfunction is prevalent amongst psychiatric patients taking psychiatric medication and has negative implications for self-esteem and medication compliance. Routine enquiry about sexual symptoms by physicians and prompt treatment of SD might enhance overall treatment success.Keywords: Sexual dysfunction, psychiatric patients, psychotropic medication, Nigeria. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Trends and gender differences in age at sex debut among adolescents and young adults in urban Cape Area, South Africa
Conclusions: Integrated interventions for delaying early sex debut should consider factors within the ecology of the young adults ’ development context.Keywords: Sex debut, adolescents and young adults, contextual risk factors, cumulative risk. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Effect of removal of AuraOnceTM laryngeal mask in awake or deep anaesthesia: a randomized controlled trial
Background: The manufacturer Ambu ® recommends that the AuraOnce™ laryngeal mask be removed once the patient is fully awake. Studies have shown benefit in removal of the laryngeal mask airway while a patient is deeply anaesthetized. Current evidence is inconclusive, as to which approach is preferable and safer in adults.Methods: one hundred and sixteen adult patients were randomly assigned to two groups of 58. For the deep arm; The AuraOnceTM laryngeal mask was removed after attaining an end tidal minimum alveolar concentration of Isoflurane of 1.15%. Occurrence of airway complication(s) (One or more of the follo...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Development and Validation of the Minnesota Low Vision Reading Test (MNRead) Acuity Chart for the Asante Twi Language
Aim: To design and validate a MNREAD Asante Twi version reading chart, to aid in the assessment of near visual acuity of natives Ghanaians.Methods: Cross-sectional and experimental designs were employed in phases I and II respectively of this study. The chart was developed using 20 transited pupils in class four in the Kumasi metropolis in phase I and validated in a clinical setting at the Manhyia District Hospital, Kumasi, using students in phase II.Results: A total of 100 participants (mean age; 22.19 ± 1.61 years) were involved in the second phase of this study. A Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient wa...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Relationship between sleep characteristics and depressive symptoms in last trimester of pregnancy
Conclusion: This study determined that there is a relationship between insomnia and depressive symptoms and that pregnant women experiencing insomnia presented with more depressive symptoms.Keywords: Depressions, last trimester, pregnancy, sleep characteristics. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

A pre-test post-test assessment of non-invasive keratograph break up time and corneal epithelial thickness after vaping
Conclusion: The acute effect of e-cigarette use does not impact corneal epithelial thickness and non-invasive keratography tear break up time after 10 puffs mild exposure but more research is needed to assess if this remains the case with more frequent, higher exposure.Keywords: Pre-test post-test assessment, non-invasive keratograph breakup time, corneal epithelial thickness, vaping. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Determinants of harmful use of alcohol among urban slum dwelling adults in Kenya
Background: Harmful alcohol use is a public health problem associated with negative health and socio-economic impacts. However, patterns and dynamics of alcohol use among slum-dwellers in Kenya are poorly understood.Objective: To establish determinants of harmful alcohol use among adults in an urban slum setting in Kenya.Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study involving a consecutively selected sample (N=215) from Githurai, in Nairobi. A pre-tested questionnaire that captured data on socio-demographics, drinking patterns, type, reasons, initiator, and support system.Results: Of the respondents, those above 31 years, m...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Estimation of hospital admission respiratory disease cases attributed to exposure to SO2 and NO2 in two different sectors of Egypt
Air Q 2.2.3 was used to predicted hospital admissions respiratory disease cases due to SO2 and NO2 exposure in two sectors of Egypt during December 2015 to November 2016. Levels were 19, 22 μg/m3 at Ain Sokhna sector and 92, 78 μg/m3 at Shoubra El-Khaima sector for SO2 and NO2, respectively. These levels were less than the Egyptian Permissible limits (125 µg/m³ in urban and 150 µg/m³ in industrial for SO2, 150 µg/m³ in urban and industrial for NO2). Results showed that relative risks were 1.0330 (1.0246 - 1.0414) and 1.0229 (1.0171 - 1.0287) at Ain Sokhna sector while they were 1.0261...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Impact of aerobic versus resisted exercise training on systemic inflammation biomarkers and quality of Life among obese post-menopausal women
Conclusion: The current study provides evidence that aerobic exercise is more appropriate than resisted exercise training in modulating inflammatory cytokines and quality of life among obese post-menopausal women.Keywords: Aerobic exercise; resisted exercises; inflammatory cytokine; quality of life; obesity; menopause. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Impact of aerobic exercise versus resisted exercise on endothelial activation markers and inflammatory cytokines among elderly
Conclusion: The current study provides evidence that aerobic exercise is more appropriate in modulate entering altered endothelial activation and inflammatory markers than resisted exercise among elderly population.Keywords: Endothelial activation markers; inflammatory cytokines; aerobic exercise; resistance exercise; aging. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Renal risk profiling in newly diagnosed hypertensives in an urban population in Nigeria
Introduction: Hypertension is a cause and consequence of chronic kidney disease globally. The other factors that work in concert with hypertension to cause CKD are yet to be clearly elucidated. Studies have identified proteinuria, dyslipidemia, obesity, smoking and family history of CKD as renal risk factors. Due to the high morbidity and mortality associated with occurrence of CKD including the enormous financial burden involved in its management, the knowledge of prevention and understanding of the risk factors for development of CKD is highly essential. Therefore, Identifying well defined risk factors that display stron...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and determinants of hypertension among students of the University of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo: a cross-sectional study
Background: The 2017 ACC/AHA Guideline categorized blood pressure into 4 levels:normal (SBP
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Exploration of hypoglycemic effect of an extract from leaves of a plant from Tunisian pharmacopeia: artemisia campestris (asteraceae)
Conclusion: The BFACME appears to exert a hypoglycemic activity by potentiating the insulin action.Keywords: Artemisia campestris; hypoglycemic activity; isolated perfused rat liver; rats. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Tear electrolyte assessment of diabetic patients in Southern Nigeria
This study assessed the concentration of calcium, magnesium and phosphate levels in tears of diabetics.Methods: A comparative cross-sectional study involving twenty diabetics visiting Department for Health Services, University of Benin and forty non-diabetics within the University between 35 to 65 years participated in the study. Calcium, magnesium and phosphorous were analysed in tears sample collected with 75mm glass capillary tubes.Results: The fasting blood sugar (FBS) and age of diabetic patients was 7.48 ±1.88mmol/l and 56.75±5.82years and non-diabetics was 4.83±0.52mmol/l and 53.58±6.16ye...
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of ECG abnormalities among adults with metabolic syndrome in a Nigerian Teaching Hospital
Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of MetS and abnormal ECG among the studied population. Abnormal ECG findings were more common in men with no differential association in people with or without MetS. However, a significant association existed between certain components of MetS and ECG abnormalities in men only. Male gender and HDLc were independent predictors of ECG Abnormalities.Keyword: Electrocardiography, metabolic syndrome, africans. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Predictors of poor glycemic control in adult with type 2 diabetes in South-Eastern Nigeria
Conclusion: Age, WHR, FPG, and SBP were significantly associated with differences in glycemic control. The elderly and FPG outside tight control showed significantly increased odds of poor glycemic control status.Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; glycemic control status; A1C; Elderly; Fasting plasma glucose; glycemic control predictors. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Association of Vitamin D deficiency and Vitamin D Receptor Gene Polymorphisms with Type 2 diabetes mellitus Saudi patients
This study was aimed to evaluate association of vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to T2DM.Subjects and methods: One hundred T2DM Saudi male patients were included in this study and one hundred healthy Saudi men were used as control. For each individual, fasting blood glucose, cholesterol, HDL-C, LDL-C, HbA1c, insulin and 25-(OH) vitamin D were measured. In addition,Apal, BsmI and TaqI genotypes were performed for each subject. Data was analyzed by SPSS version 16, using Spearman's rho and ANOVA tests.Results: There was significant inverse correlation between 25-(OH) vitamin D level and T2DM (p
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research

NCD epidemic and sexual reproductive health issues in the infectious disease world
Nil. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - January 17, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research