The Rapid Cognitive Screen (RCS): A point-of-care screening for dementia and mild cognitive impairment
Abstract Objectives There is a need for a rapid screening test for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia to be used by primary care physicians. The Rapid Cognitive Screen (RCS) is a brief screening tool (
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - July 7, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary features and blood pressure among 18–88-year-old residents in an island population in China
Abstract Objectives: Dietary recommendations to reduce blood pressure (BP) have been widely disseminated and residents who live on islands have unique dietary characteristics. Here, we identified associations between dietary intake and BP levels among island residents in China. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: The Changhai islands, which is an important island county in China. Participants: A total of 876 residents, 18–88 years old, of Changhai county. Measurements: Dietary intake and BP measurements were assessed using standardized questionnaires and protocols, respectively. Dietary intake...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 29, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Associations of low muscle mass and the metabolic syndrome in Caucasian and Asian middle-aged and older adults
Conclusion Low aLM/BMI is associated with significantly increased likelihood of MetS in Australian adults, but not Koreans, suggesting potential differences in effects of low muscle mass relative to body mass on cardiometabolic health in Caucasian and Asian middle-aged and older adults. Low muscle mass relative to height is associated with reduced likelihood of MetS in both populations. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 23, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The healthy core metabolism: A new paradigm for primary preventive nutrition
Abstract Research in preventive nutrition aims at elucidating mechanism by which our diet helps us to remain in good health through optimal physiological functions. However, despite decades of accumulated data in human nutrition and regular subsequent nutritional recommendations, obesity and type 2 diabetes epidemics continue to progress worldwide each year leading to a regular decrease of the Healthy Life Years, notably in Western countries. Such a paradox may be explained by the Nutrition Transition, the extreme application of the reductionist paradigm in nutrition research, the lack of nutritional education and...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 23, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Differences in medical and life-style risk factors for malnutrition in limited-resource older adults in a rural U.S. State: A descriptive study
This study assessed the presence of these risk factors in limited-resource, community-dwelling older adults to inform the development of a nutrition education interventions. Design Quantitative descriptive study. Setting A total of 24 randomly selected congregate nutrition sites (where limited-resource older adults can receive one hot meal/day, five days/week) in the rural state of South Carolina, USA. Participants Data were collected from 477 older adults (of the 407 who reported race, 219 were African A...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 23, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Primary sarcopenia in older people with normal nutrition
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of primary sarcopenia in older patients with normal nutrition and to assess the relationships between the primary sarcopenia with anthropometric measurements.Design and methods: In this prospective clinical cross-sectional study, six-hundred patients who applied to Polyclinic of Geriatrics between dates 2010 and 2011 have been evaluated. The 386 patients who were supposed to have potential secondary sarcopenia were excluded from the study. Age, gender, weight, height, BMI, calf and waist circumference, ongoing medications, additio...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 23, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Pro-active fall-risk management is mandatory to sustain in hospital-fall prevention in older patients - validation of the LUCAS fall-risk screening in 2,337 patients
Conclusions: In-hospital fall prevention including systematic use of the LUCAS fall-risk screening reduced the proportion of fallers compared to that expected from the patients’ fall-risk profile. Raw proportions of fallers are not suitable to evaluate fall prevention in hospital because of variable prevalence of patients’ fall-risk factors over time. Continuous communication, education and training is needed to sustain in-hospital falls prevention. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 15, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutritional guidance improves nutrient intake and quality of life, and may prevent falls in aged persons with Alzheimer disease living with a spouse (NuAD Trial)
Abstract Objective: The aim was to examine the effect of tailored nutritional guidance on nutrition, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and falls in persons with Alzheimer disease (AD). Design: Randomised controlled trial. Setting and Participants: Persons with AD living with a spouse. Intervention: Tailored nutritional guidance with home visits during one year. The control group received a written guide about nutrition in older adults and all community-provided normal care. Measurements: The primary outcome measure was weight change, and secondary outcomes included changes in protein and micronutri...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 15, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Muscle mass index and animal source of dietary protein are positively associated with insulin resistance in participants of the NuAge study
Conclusions Our final model indicated that MMI and HOMA score were significantly positively associated. Protein intake sources were related to HOMA-IR score differently through MMI and % body fat, respectively. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 15, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Does low body mass index matter? Relationship between body mass index and subjective well-being among long-lived women over 95 years of age
Abstract Objectives To examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and subjective well-being (SWB) among long-lived women over 95 years of age and evaluate whether this relationship is mediated by functional ability. Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Data from the Rugao longevity cohort, a population-based study in Rugao, China. Participants A sample of 342 long-lived women (mean age 97.4 ± 2.1, range 95–107) whose SWB and other covariates wer...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 15, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Screening for malnutrition in community dwelling older Japanese: Preliminary development and evaluation of the Japanese Nutritional Risk Screening Tool (NRST)
Conclusions These results indicate that the NRST is a promising screening tool for the prediction of malnutrition and sarcopenia in community-dwelling older Japanese people. Further development of a full Japanese version of the SCREEN II is indicated. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 15, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Understanding risk in the oldest old: Frailty and the metabolic syndrome in a chinese community sample aged 90+ years
Conclusions In the oldest old, frailty was a significant risk for near-term death, regardless of the metabolic syndrome. Even using age-adjusted models, the epidemiology of late life illness may need to account for frailty routinely. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 13, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Obesity and muscle weakness as risk factors for mobility limitation in community-dwelling older Japanese women: A two-year follow-up investigation
Abstract Objectives To examine the combined association of obesity and low muscle strength with mobility limitation in older adults. Design, setting and participants This two-year follow-up longitudinal study included pooled data from 283 older community-dwelling Japanese women without mobility limitations who were 65 to 87 years of age (mean age 72.2 ± 5.0 years). Measurements Muscle strength was measured by hand-grip strength (HGS). The participants were categorized by HGS (high muscle strength: HGS ≥=1...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 8, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The associations of C-reactive protein with serum levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids among middle-aged men from three populations
Abstract Background C-reactive protein (CRP) and many fatty acids (FAs) have been linked to cardiovascular disease. Associations of serum CRP with FAs in different populations have not been established. Methods Participants were 926 men aged 40–49 (2002–2006) from a population-based sample; 310 Whites from Pennsylvania, U.S., 313 Japanese from Shiga, Japan, and 303 Japanese Americans from Hawaii, U.S. Serum CRP (mg/L) was measured using immunosorbent assay while serum FAs (%) were measured using capillary-gas-liquid chromatography. ...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 1, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Relationship between plasma ghrelin levels and sarcopenia in elderly subjects: A cross-sectional study
Conclusion This cross-sectional study does not allow a definitive conclusion about the relationship between ghrelin levels and sarcopenia. Further large prospective studies are needed to test this hypothesis. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 30, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Letter to the editor
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 28, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Mente Activa® improves impaired spatial memory in aging rats
Conclusions Aged rats under a sustained dietary intake of the nutritional supplement Mente Activa® displayed improved learning and memory abilities compared to the non-treated rats. These results suggest the therapeutic potential and safety of use of Mente Activa® for age-related cognitive deficits, particularly, in the onset of the first cognitive dysfunction symptoms. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 22, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Associations of protein intake and protein source with bone mineral density and fracture risk: A population-based cohort study
Abstract High dietary protein has been hypothesized to cause lower bone mineral density (BMD) and greater fracture risk. Previous results are conflicting and few studies have assessed potential differences related to differing protein sources. Participants/Measures Protein intake was assessed as percent of total energy intake (TEI) at Year 2 (1997-99) using a food frequency questionnaire (N=6510). Participants were contacted annually to ascertain incident fracture. Total hip and lumbar spine BMD was measured at baseline and Year 5. Analyses were stratified by group (men 25-...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 22, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Insulin-like growth factor-1 and resistance exercise in community dwelling old adults
Conclusion Serum total IGF-1 decreases after 12 weeks of resistance exercise in community dwelling old adults. When looked at IGF-1 changes for participants individually it becomes clear that IGF-1 response to resistances exercise is highly variable. Changes in IGF-1 are negatively related to changes in lean body mass during training, which supports the hypothesis that IGF-1 is redistributed from circulation into tissue during periods of active muscle building. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 22, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

C-reactive protein and resistance exercise in community dwelling old adults
Conclusion Our study shows that the concentrations of circulating CRP decreased considerably after a 12-week resistance exercise program in participants with abnormally high CRP at baseline, possibly reducing thus risk for future disease. CRP changed little in participants with normal CRP at the start of the study. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 22, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Preliminary findings of the brief everyday activities measurement (BEAM) in older adults
Abstract Objectives Functional losses are common in healthy and cognitively impaired older adults. However, subtle declines in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) are not always detected in self-reports. Performance IADL measurements are financially and time burdensome, restricting their use in varied settings. To address these limitations, we developed the Brief Everyday Activities Measure (BEAM), a short (
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 22, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of vitamin intake on cognitive decline in older adults: Evaluation of the evidence
Conclusions Evaluation of the totality of the currently available evidence indicates that intake of the above vitamins, either as a monotherapy, or in combination with other vitamins, has no clinically-relevant effect on delaying cognitive decline or delaying the onset of dementia in older adults. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 20, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A Belgian survey on geriatric assessment in oncology focusing on large-scale implementation and related barriers and facilitators
Conclusion Interventions to improve the implementation of GA in older patients with cancer need to address a wide range of factors, with organization and collaboration as key elements. All stakeholders, seeking to improve the implementation of GA in older patients with cancer, should consider and address the identified barriers and facilitators. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 20, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The relationship between diet quality and falls risk, physical function and body composition in older adults
Abstract Objectives We aimed to examine associations between diet quality, falls risk, physical function, physical activity and body composition. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting and Participants Data collected from 171 men and women, aged 60–88 years old, as part of the Falls Risk and Osteoporosis Longitudinal Study. Measurements Dietary Intake (Dietary Questionnaire for Epidemiological Studies Version 2 (DQES v2)), Falls Risk (FES-I, ABC, Berg Balance and Physiol...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 20, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutritional care needs in elderly residents of long-term care institutions: Potential implications for policies
Abstract Objectives To collect information on actual nutritional intervention requirements in long-term care institutions and on the role of institutional factors in nutritional care. Design A cross-sectional analysis of baseline data (collected between September 2011 and September 2013) within the context of a multicenter prospective cohort study. Setting Nineteen long-term care institutions. Participants: Thirteen hundred and ninety-four resident elderly (age ≥60 years). Measureme...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 20, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Iron deprivation may enhance insulin receptor and Glut4 transcription in skeletal muscle of adult rats
Conclusion Dietary iron deprivation may improve insulin receptor and glucose transporter transcription in muscle; however, our results show that dietary iron restriction can prevent and/or promote oxidative damage in a tissue-specific manner, emphasizing the importance of maintaining optimal iron intake. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 20, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Predictivity of early depressive symptoms for post-stroke depression
Conclusion Self-reported DS during inpatient rehabilitation are predictive for PSD 6 months after discharge. Assessment of early DS contributes to identifying stroke patients at risk for PSD, thereby facilitating prevention and treatment. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 20, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Evaluation of conut for clinical malnutrition detection and short-term prognostic assessment in hospitalized elderly people
Conclusion CONUT agreement with MNA in nutritional risk assessments for elderly people is poor. Although CONUT is a good predictor of short-and medium-term mortality, it adds little to information provided by albumin alone. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 7, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Knowledge and attitudes of nursing staff towards malnutrition care in nursing homes: A multicentre cross-sectional study
This study followed a multicentre, cross sectional design. Setting and Participants: The study was performed in 66 Austrian nursing homes with 1152 participants. Measurements The validated Knowledge of Malnutrition-Geriatric (KoM-G) questionnaire and the Staff Attitudes to Nutritional Nursing Care Geriatric (SANN-G) scale were used for data collection. Results On average, 60.6% of the respondents answered the questions correctly, whereas registered nurses knew significantly more (65.6%) than nurse aides (57.3%). The question that was answered c...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 7, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Examining the association between vitamin B12 deficiency and dementia in high-risk hospitalized patients
Conclusion In this sample of patients, there was no association between B12 deficiency and dementia. However, appropriate B12 screening protocols are necessary for high risk patient to identify deficiency and then receive B12 supplementation as needed. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 7, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Analysis of rockwood et al’s clinical frailty scale and fried et al’s frailty phenotype as predictors of mortality and other clinical outcomes in older patients who were admitted to a geriatric ward
Abstract Objectives There are few data regarding the accuracy of short frailty tools as predictors of mortality and other clinical outcomes of older patients admitted to a geriatric ward. We therefore analyzed the accuracy of Rockwood et al’s Clinical Frailty Scale and an easy and quick to perform operationalization of Fried et al’s frailty phenotype, as predictors of mortality and other clinical outcomes in our cohort of patients. Design Prospective analysis with a follow-up period of 6 months. Setting and Parti...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 7, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Wrist actigraphy: A simple way to record motor activity in elderly patients with dementia and apathy or aberrant motor behavior
Abstract Introduction In dementia, behavioral psychological symptoms are frequent and variable. Objective To assess the value of wrist actigraphy as a measure of disorder in motor behavior especially apathy, aberrant motor behavior, agitation and anxiety. Methods Cross sectional observational study of consecutive patients older than 75 years admitted to an intermediate care unit of a geriatric hospital ward during a two-year period. Psycho behavioral symptoms and cognitive status were assessed using the NPI scale a...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 7, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Measuring appetite with the simplified nutritional appetite questionnaire identifies hospitalised older people at risk of worse health outcomes
Abstract Objectives Poor appetite is commonly reported by older people but is rarely measured. The Simplified Nutritional Appetite Questionnaire (SNAQ) was validated to predict weight loss in community dwelling older adults but has been little used in hospitals. We evaluated it in older women on admission to hospital and examined associations with healthcare outcomes. Design Longitudinal observational with follow-up at six months. Setting Female acute Medicine for Older People wards at a University hospital in Engl...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 7, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Tailored nutrition education in the elderly can lead to sustained dietary behaviour change
Abstract Objectives Evaluate a 4-week dementia specific nutrition education intervention to determine long term knowledge and healthy dietary behaviour changes in 72 elderly men and women. Design A mixed method design used qualitative findings to triangulate quantitative within-subject changes to determine efficacy and sustained dietary behaviour change. Setting Community. Participants 72 independently-living individuals. Intervention 4...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 4, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Prevalence of falls in an urban community-dwelling older population of cape town, South Africa
Conclusion Falls are a significant problem in older adults in South Africa. Effective management of falls and falls prevention strategies for older people in South Africa, need to be developed and implemented. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 29, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Usually available clinical and laboratory data are insufficient for a valid medication review: a crossover study
Conclusion Increasing clinical information helps physicians and pharmacists to improve their medication reviews, however, additional information was still related with a high margin of error. Detection of certain errors becomes easier with additional information, whereas other errors remain undetected. To achieve a high standard of medication review, we have to change the way medication reviews should be performed. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 29, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Trend of body compositions with aging among chinese adolescents, adults and elders
Conclusion This study presents detailed data about sex-specific body composition conditions. Different change trend with aging was found about body composition conditions. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 23, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of changes in regional body composition on physical function in older adults: A pilot randomized controlled trial
Abstract Background/Objective Obesity exacerbates age-related physical disability; however, observational studies show that any weight loss in old age is associated with greater risk of mortality. Conversely, randomized controlled trials in older adults show that weight loss is beneficial. The discrepancy may be due to weight loss intention and differential changes to regional body composition. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the independent role of regional body composition remodeling in improving physical function. Design Pilot Randomized ...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 23, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

In vivo antioxidant properties of lotus root and cucumber: A pilot comparative study in aged subjects
Conclusion These results suggest that lotus root and cucumber are not remarkably different in improving antioxidant function in aged subjects, though they are significantly different in antioxidant capacity in vitro. The benefits observed in this study may come from the additive or synergistic combinations of antioxidants contained in vegetables. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 23, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Can the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA®) be used as a nutrition evaluation tool for subacute inpatients over an average length of stay?
This study aims to determine the potential of the full MNA® (full Mini Nutritional Assessment) and MNA® (Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form) scores to measure change in nutritional status over an average subacute inpatient stay (21 days). Design A prospective observational study. Setting The study was performed in three Rehabilitation and Geriatric Evaluation and Management (GEM) wards of the Kingston Centre, Monash Health, Melbourne, Australia. Participants: All patients ≥65 years admitted to these wards with an expected length ...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 23, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Consumption of branched-chain amino acids is inversely associated with central obesity and cardiometabolic features in a population of Brazilian middle-aged men: Potential role of leucine intake
Abstract Objective To assess the potential associations of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) consumption with central obesity (CObesity) and cardiometabolic risk factors in a population of Brazilian middle-aged men. Special attention was given to leucine intake. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Brazil. Participants Two-hundred ninety-six middle-aged men (Age: 50.5 ± 5.0 years; Body mass index: 25.8 ± 3.5...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 15, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Implementing a Mediterranean diet intervention into a RCT: Lessons learned from a non-Mediterranean based country
Conclusion The participants’ experiences suggested that the MD was an encouraging dietary change with a middle aged non-Mediterranean based population group. Future MD interventions should tailor interventions and support participants closely, particularly with the necessary planning, organisation and purchasing involved with implementing this diet in non-Mediterranean countries. Secondly, researchers should also challenge any erroneous assumptions regarding the consumption of Mediterranean food, which may hinder implementation. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 15, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Validation of nutrient intake estimates derived using a semi-quantitative FFQ against 3 day diet records in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging
Conclusions This FFQ provides reasonably valid estimates of dietary intakes of younger and older participants of the BLSA. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 14, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Soybeans or soybean products consumption and depressive symptoms in older residents in rural Northeast China: A cross-sectional study
Abstract Objective Depression is one of the most common mental disorders among elderly subjects. The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms and the association between soybeans consumption and depressive symptoms among older residents in rural Northeast China. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting A representative sample of the rural Northeast residents. Participants This survey was conducted from July 2012 to August 2013 which randomly sel...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 14, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association of proton pump inhibitor use with recurrent falls and risk of fractures in older women: A study of medication use in older fallers
Conclusions In conclusion, our results provide further evidence that PPI use may increase risk of falls and fractures in older women and highlight the need for clinicians to reassess the original indication and the need for continuation of PPIs on a regular basis. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 11, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Health and social factors associated with nutrition risk: Results from life and living in advanced age: A cohort study in New Zealand (LILACS NZ)
Abstract Objectives To establish the prevalence of high nutrition risk and associated health and social risk factors for New Zealand Māori and non-Māori in advanced age. Design A cross sectional analysis of inception cohorts to LiLACS NZ. Setting Bay of Plenty and Lakes region of the North Island, New Zealand. Participants 255 Māori and 400 non- Māori octogenarians. Measurements Nutrition risk was assessed using a validated question...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 11, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Physical fitness, activity and hand-grip strength are not associated with arterial stiffness in older individuals
Abstract Objectives Whereas evidence exists about the benefits of intensive exercise on cardiovascular outcomes in older adults, data are lacking regarding long-term effects of physical fitness and physical activity on cardiovascular health. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the longitudinal association of physical fitness, physical activity and muscle strength with arterial stiffness measures. Design a longitudinal follow-up study (2 years) of data from the B-PROOF study. Setting a subgroup of the B-PROOF study (...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 11, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Predictors of long-term mortality in oldest old patients (90+) hospitalized to medical wards via the emergency department: The safes cohort
Conclusion Risk of malnutrition and presence of delirium are risk factors for mortality at 36 months in subjects aged 90 years and over hospitalized through the emergency department. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 10, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association strength of three adiposity measures with autonomic nervous system function in apparently healthy employees
Abstract Objectives To investigate the association of different measures of central (abdominal) and overall adiposity with autonomic nervous system (ANS) function, indexed by heart rate variability (HRV), in apparently healthy human adults. Design and Measurements Cross-sectional data of 8,538 participants (20% female, age: 41 ± 11 years, body mass index (BMI): 24 ± 4 kg/m2, waist circumference (WC): 91 ± 12 cm, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR): 0.45 ± 0.08) were available for analysis. Results ...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 2, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 2, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research