Dietary variety and decline in lean mass and physical performance in community-dwelling older Japanese: A 4-year follow-up study
Conclusion Among older adults, greater dietary variety may help maintain physical performance, such as grip strength and usual gait speed, but not lean mass. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 21, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Efficacy and therapeutic potential of curcumin against sepsis-induced chronic lung injury in male albino rats
Abstract The present study investigates curcumin effect against sepsis-induced chronic lung injury (CLI) of male albino rats. Rats were grouped into four groups such rats undergoing a sham cecal ligature puncture (CLP), rats undergoing CLP, rats undergoing CLP and treated with saline and rats undergoing CLP and treated with curcumin (100 mg/kg bwt). After 45 days of treatment, bronchoalveolar fluid (BALF), blood and lung tissues were collected from the each animal. The total protein content, wet and dry (W/D) weight of lung tissues and some inflammatory cells in the BALF were measured. Histopathological analysis w...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 8, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Prevalence of glucosamine and omega-3 fatty acid use and characteristics of users among mid-age women: Analysis of a nationally representative sample of 10,638 women
Abstract Background There has been a dramatic increase in the use of dietary supplements over the last few decades and both omega-3 fatty acids and glucosamine are two of the best-selling dietary supplements in many countries. An understanding of omega-3 fatty acids and glucosamine consumption is of significance to health care providers and for future health promotion activities. Methods This research involved analysis of data collected from a nationally-representative sample of Australian women as part of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women&rsquo...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 8, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A study on neuroprotective effects of curcumin on the diabetic rat brain
Abstract The present study was aimed to study the neuroprotective therapeutic effect of curcumin on the male albino rat brain. Subarachnoid hemorrhage leads to severe mortality rate and morbidity, and oxidative stress is a crucial factor in subarachnoid hemorrhage. Therefore, we investigated the effect of curcumin on oxidative stress and glutamate and glutamate transporter-1 on a subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced male albino rats. The curcumin commonly used for the treatment and saline used for the control. Curcumin (10 mg/kg bwt) dissolved in saline and administered orally to the rats for one week. Glutamate, gluta...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 8, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Non-pharmacological interventions to prevent or treat delirium in older patients: Clinical practice recommendations the senator-ontop series
Conclusions Overall, the panel developed 12 recommendations for the delivery of non-pharmacological interventions to older patients at risk of developing or, with delirium. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 5, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Genetic variants of the FADS gene cluster are associated with erythrocyte membrane LC PUFA levels in patients with mild cognitive impairment
Discussion and conclusion These findings indicate an association between several FADS genotypes for higher n-6 and n-3 precursor PUFA and lower AA levels in erythrocyte membranes in minor compared to major allele carriers. To what extent FADS genotypes and a lower conversion of LA and ALA to biologically important LC PUFAs such as AA, EPA and DHA contributes to cognitive decline should be investigated in further trials. Nevertheless, the omega-3 index in this cohort of MCI patients can be classified as insufficient. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 5, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Defining rehabilitation success in older adults with dementia–results from an inpatient geriatric rehabilitation unit
Conclusion Older adults with a diagnosis of dementia are capable of making motor function recovery during inpatient sub-acute rehabilitation comparable to their peers without a dementia diagnosis. The metric used to evaluate functional recovery influences the determination of rehabilitation success between groups. Rehabilitation success should be defined among people with a dementia diagnosis by a change in the motor subscale of the FIM, rather than the total FIM score or the gain relative to the maximal FIM score. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Tube feeding among elder in long-term care facilities: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusions The results show that tube feeding does not increase patients’ nutrients absorption to improve nutritional status. Instead, these results indicate that oral feeding is better regarding some nutritional biochemical parameters. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - March 31, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Impact of protein nutritional status on plasma BNP in elderly patients
Abstract Background Previous studies have demonstrated that the levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in plasma are negatively correlated with Body Mass Index (BMI) whereas lean body mass is also closely related to plasma BNP. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of protein nutritional status on plasma BNP in aged patients. Methods and Results The cross-sectional study was applied and the anthropometric measurement and nutritional biochemical test was performed in 1118 elderly inpatients in a stable condition were enrolled in the stu...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - March 31, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - March 30, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Age-related changes in energy intake and weight in community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly Japanese
This study attempts to describe trends in energy intake and weight change over 12 years according to age at first participation in the study. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting The National Institute for Longevity Sciences - Longitudinal Study of Aging (NILS-LSA), a community-based study. Participants Participants included 922 men and 879 women who participated in the first study-wave (age 40–79 years) and also participated in at least one study-wave from the second to seventh study-wave. Each...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - March 18, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Is the 25-hydroxy-vitamin D serum concentration a good marker of frailty?
Conclusion In our sample, no association was found between 25(OH)D levels and phenotype of frailty or the different frailty criterion except for sedentariness. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - March 16, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Assessment of diagnostics tools for sarcopenia severity using the item response theory (IRT)
Conclusion We are recommending to identify mild sarcopenia by SPPB or hand grip strength, moderate sarcopenia by the EWGSOP algorithm and severe sarcopenia by the calf circumference. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - March 15, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin d in immobilisation: Part a- modulation of appendicular mass content, composition and structure
This study set out to determine whether two potential protein-sparing modulators (eicosapentaenoic acid and vitamin D) would attenuate immobilisation-induced changes in muscle characteristics. Design The study used a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled design. Setting The study took part in a laboratory setting. Participants Twenty-four male and female healthy participants, aged 23.0±5.8 years. Intervention The non-dominant arm was immobilised in a s...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - March 10, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Prevalence of and risk factors for dysphagia in the community dwelling elderly: A systematic review
Conclusion Research on dysphagia in CDE is modest and consists mostly of observational studies with diverse methodology. However, prevalence rate of 15% from the high quality research suggests a significant public health impact of this impairment. Identification of specific risk factors that cause dysphagia in the CDE is premature, given the rigor of published studies. Future research efforts should focus on developing a valid definition and assessment of dysphagia in this population before clarifying causative risk factors. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - March 10, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin D in immobilisation: Part B- modulation of muscle functional, vascular and activation profiles
Conclusion Overall, at the current doses, neither ω-3 nor vitamin D supplementation significantly attenuated declines in torque associated with immobilisation. It would appear that muscle function (described here in Part B) might not be as useful a marker of the effectiveness of a supplement against the impact of immobilisation compared to tissue composition changes (described in Part A). (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - March 10, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Gastro-intestinal tolerance and renal safety of protein oral nutritional supplements in nursing home residents: A randomized controlled trial
Conclusion High protein ONS seems to be well-tolerated and safe; there is no indication that it affects renal function in nursing home residents, including patients with stage 3 chronic kidney disease, under the conditions tested. Results did not suggest a difference in the effect on renal function between standard and energy-dense small volume ONS format. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - March 10, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Combination of recreational soccer and caloric restricted diet reduces markers of protein catabolism and cardiovascular risk in patients with type 2 diabetes
Conclusions Recreational soccer training was popular and safe, and was associated with decreased plasma glucose and IGFBP-3 levels, decreased ammoniagenesis, and increased lipolytic activity and IGF-1/IGFBP-3 ratio, all indicative of attenuated catabolism. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - March 7, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Is meeting the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for protein related to body composition among older adults?: Results from the cardiovascular health of seniors and built environment study
Conclusions FFM, FFMI, FM, and FMI were inversely related to meeting the RDA for protein. Meeting the RDA for protein of at least 0.8g/kg/day was associated with a higher percentage of fat free mass among older adults. These results suggest meeting the protein recommendations of at least 0.8 g/kg/day may help to promote lower overall body mass, primarily through loss of fat mass rather than lean mass. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - March 7, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Vitamin C supplementation, APOE4 genotype and cognitive functioning in a rural-dwelling cohort
Abstract Objective Apolipoprotein E4 (APOE4) genotype has been implicated as a moderating factor in cognitive function studies. Although prior studies have suggested that vitamin C is associated with better cognitive function in elders, link between the two has been mixed. Limited data exist as to whether the APOE4 genotype influences these associations. Therefore, this study sought to determine whether the association between vitamin C and cognition in a rural community dwelling cohort differs by the APOE4 genotype. Design and Participants Data were ana...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - March 3, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Early nutritional follow-up after discharge prevents deterioration of adl functions in malnourished, independent, geriatric patients who live alone–A randomized clinical trial
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - March 3, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Multidimensional evaluation of endogenous and health factors affecting food preferences, taste and smell perception
This study, by taking a holistic approach, investigates the relationships between taste, smell sensitivity and food preference with prognostic (endogenous and health) factors including age, gender, genetic taste markers, body mass, cigarette smoking, and number of drugs used. Design Cross sectional study. Setting Northern Italy. Participants 203 healthy subjects (160 women/43 men; mean age: 58.2±19.8 years) were examined. Measurements Individual taste sensiti...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - February 22, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

What is new in exercise regimes for frail older people - How does the Erasmus Vivifrail Project take us forward?
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - February 22, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Incidence, risk factors, and the protective effect of high body mass index against sarcopenia in suburb-dwelling elderly Chinese populations
Conclusions We found sarcopenia incidence increased with age, and women were more likely to have sarcopenia. A higher BMI is also associated with a lower incidence of sarcopenia. Maintaining a healthy weight could be beneficial in the prevention of sarcopenia. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - February 22, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Longitudinal association between selenium levels
Conclusions Our findings suggest that high selenium may play a harmful role in the development of hypertension. Future studies are needed to confirm our findings and to elucidate a plausible biological mechanism. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - February 17, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Serum cholesterol levels within the high normal range are associated with better cognitive performance among Chinese elderly
Conclusions These findings suggest that cholesterol levels within the high normal range are associated with better cognitive performance in Chinese elderly, specifically in the oldest old. With further validation, low cholesterol may serve a clinical indicator of risk for cognitive impairment in the elderly. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - February 17, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Person-centered feeding care: A protocol to re-introduce oral feeding for nursing home patients with tube feeding
Conclusion Using findings from our retrospective study of usual care, our NH’s interdisciplinary team developed and pilot-tested a protocol that successfully reintroduced oral feedings to tube-fed NH patients who previously would not have resumed oral feeding. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - February 17, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Food accessibility and perceptions of shopping difficulty among elderly people living alone in Japan
Conclusion The study concludes that elderly people’s assessment of shopping difficulty is related to their food accessibility. Important food accessibility aspects include car or motorbike ownership, walking continuously for 1 km, poor eyesight, and having cooking skills and having someone to help with shopping. These physical activity restrictions have a greater influence on shopping difficulty than do either income or proximity to a supermarket. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - February 8, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutrition screening practices amongst Australian residential aged care facilities
Abstract Objectives To determine the proportion of Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACFs) in Australia who use a nutrition screening tool on residents to identify those at risk of malnutrition, and to review practice following identification of residents as being at high risk of malnutrition. Design Multi-center, cross sectional observational study. Setting: Residential Aged Care Facilities. Participants The Director of Nursing at each site was contacted by telephone and asked questions relating to current nutrit...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - February 8, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Influence of high polyphenol beverage on stress-induced platelet activation
Abstract Objectives Platelets are playing a crucial role in acute cardiovascular events. We investigated if physical stress activates platelets and whether this activation can be inhibited by a polyphenol-enriched diet. Methods Blood samples were taken from a total of 103 athletes three weeks before, one day before, immediately as well as 24 hours and 72 hours after a marathon run. Participants were randomized, double-blinded and divided into two groups. One group received a polyphenol-rich beverage the other the same beverage without polyphenols. Beside...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - February 6, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Mini nutritional assessment short-form: Validation in five Latin American cities. SABE study
Conclusion Both versions of the MNA-SF are population-screening tools of easy and fast application, with good accuracy for assessing malnutrition and risk of malnutrition in Latin American older people. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - February 6, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of lifestyle intervention on the hormonal profile of frail, obese older men
The objective was to achieve a ~10 % weight loss at 6 months and maintain this weight for an additional 6 months. Physical function was assessed by the modified physical performance testing (modified PPT). Estradiol was measured by radioimmunoassay, testosterone by automated immunoassay, and sex hormone-binding globulin by enzyme-linked immunoassay. Results After 12 months of intervention, diet alone resulted in a weight loss of -10.1 ± 1.9 kg in the diet group and -9.1 ± 0.9 kg in the diet-exercise group. This resulted in a significant decrease (both p
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - February 6, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Factors influencing consumption of fruits and vegetables in older adults in New Orleans, Louisiana
The objective of this study was to identify demographic, social and structural factors associated with intake of fruit and vegetables in older adults in New Orleans, Louisiana. Design A cross-sectional randomly sampled, address-based telephone survey of households in Orleans Parish, Louisiana was conducted with the household’s main grocery shopper. Setting All participants were in the New Orleans metro area and were surveyed in 2011. Participants Participants were 2,834 residents identified as the h...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - February 5, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutritional and functional status in geriatric day hospital patients–MNA short form versus full MNA
Conclusion The high prevalence of risk of malnutrition and the observed association between functional status and nutritional status according to full MNA call for routine nutritional screening using this tool in geriatric day hospital patients. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - February 5, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - February 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association between longevity and element levels in food and drinking water of typical Chinese longevity area
Conclusion The quality of food and water in Hainan Province are good and that, compared with water, food is a more important source of trace elements. An appropriate supply of Cu, Se, and Zn is important, whereas excessive intake of Pb should be avoided. The findings also provide basic data to support further studies on regional variations in longevity and their relationship to diet and drinking water. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 29, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Novel therapy of hyperhomocysteinemia in mild cognitive impairment, alzheimer’s disease, and other dementing disorders
Conclusion After covariate adjustment, HYH+CFLN significantly slowed cognitive decline compared to No-HYH+No-CFLN. Longer CFLN treatment duration, milder baseline severity, and magnitude of homocysteine reduction from baseline were all significant predictors. There are a number of factors that could account for disagreement with other clinical trials of B vitamin treatment of HYH. Moreover, CFLN is chemically distinct from commonly used B vitamins as both LMF and MeCbl are the fully reduced and bioactive functional forms; CLFN also contains the glutathione precursor, N-acetyl-cysteine. The findings of other B vit...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 27, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The randomized control trial of the effects of testosterone and a nutritional supplement on hospital admissions in undernourished, community dwelling, older people
Conclusions In undernourished older people, treatment with testosterone and a nutritional supplementation did not reduce the number and length of hospitalisations or improve quality of life. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 27, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

TEA consumption reduces the incidence of neurocognitive disorders: Findings from the Singapore Longitudinal Aging Study
Conclusion Regular tea consumption was associated with lower risk of neurocognitive disorders among Chinese elderly. Gender and genetic factors could possibly modulate this association. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 15, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Impact of cognitive frailty on daily activities in older persons
Conclusion Using the NCGG-SGS frailty criteria, we found more participants with physical frailty than with cognitive frailty. The individuals with cognitive frailty had the highest risks of IADL limitations. Future investigation is necessary to determine whether this population is at increased risk for incidence of disability or mortality. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 13, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Clinical and functional characterization of pre-frailty among elderly patients consulting primary care centres
Conclusions Pre-frailty is very common among elderly subjects consulting primary care centres. Weakness, slowness, diabetes, pain and polypharmacy should alert healthcare professionals to the onset of a frailty process. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 13, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Identifying low muscle mass in patients with hip fracture: Validation of bioelectrical impedance analysis and anthropometry compared to dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
Conclusion BIA (Sergi, Kyle and Tengvall) and anthropometry (Heymsfield) can identify low muscle mass in hip fracture patients. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 13, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Physical activity and early rehabilitation in hospitalized elderly medical patients: Systematic review of randomized clinical trials
Conclusion The introduction of an exercise program for hospitalized elderly patients may be feasible, and may not increase costs. Importantly, early rehabilitation may also improve the functional and healthcare. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 13, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

FRAIL-NH predicts outcomes in long term care
Conclusion In comparison to the FI, the FRAIL-NH preformed just as well at screening for frailty and was a slightly better predictor of adverse outcomes. The FRAIL-NH is a brief, easy-to-administer frailty screening tool appropriate for long term care patients and predicts increased risk of falls in the pre-frail and mortality/hospice enrollment in the frail. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 11, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Visual field dependence is associated with reduced postural sway, dizziness and falls in older people attending a falls clinic
This study investigated relationships between visual field dependence (VFD), as assessed using the roll vection test, and reported dizziness, falls and sway under eyes open, eyes closed and optokinetic conditions. Ninety five falls clinic attendees undertook the roll vection test (i.e. attempted to align a rod to the vertical while exposed to a rotating visual field). Sway was assessed under different visual conditions by centre of pressure movement. Participants also completed questionnaires on space and motion discomfort, fear of falling, depression and anxiety. Thirty four (35.8%) participants exhibited VFD, i.e. had an...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 7, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Understanding risk in the oldest old: Frailty and the metabolic syndrome in a Chinese community sample aged 90+ years
Conclusions In the oldest old, frailty was a significant risk for near-term death, regardless of the metabolic syndrome. Even using age-adjusted models, the epidemiology of late life illness may need to account for frailty routinely. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Tailored nutrition education in the elderly can lead to sustained dietary behaviour change
Abstract Objectives Evaluate a 4–week dementia specific nutrition education intervention to determine long term knowledge and healthy dietary behaviour changes in 72 elderly men and women. Design A mixed method design used qualitative findings to triangulate quantitative within-subject changes to determine efficacy and sustained dietary behaviour change. Setting Community. Participants 72 independently-living individuals. ...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Improving health related quality of life and independence in community dwelling frail older adults through a client-centred and activity-oriented program. A pragmatic randomized controlled trial
This study aimed to investigate–as a secondary prevention of disability - the effectiveness of a client-centred and activity-oriented intervention program for frail community living older adults. It was hypothesized that this program could be effective in improving basic Activities of Daily Living (b-ADL) and increasing Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). Method This study was a single blind randomized controlled trial with an intervention and a control group (pre-test-post-test control group design). Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to compare the outcome acros...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Relearning of activities of daily living: A comparison of the effectiveness of three learning methods in patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type
This study examined the effectiveness of three different learning methods: trial and error learning (TE), errorless learning (EL) and learning by modeling with spaced retrieval (MR) on the relearning process of IADL in mild-to-moderately severe Alzheimer’s Dementia (AD) patients (n=52), using a 6-weeks randomized controlled trial design. The participants had to relearn three IADLs. Repeated-measure analyses during preintervention, post-intervention and 1-month delayed sessions were performed. All three learning methods were found to have similar efficiency. However, the intervention produced greater improvements in t...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Obesity and muscle weakness as risk factors for mobility limitation in community-dwelling older Japanese women: A two-year follow-up investigation
Abstract Objectives To examine the combined association of obesity and low muscle strength with mobility limitation in older adults. Design, setting and participants This two-year follow-up longitudinal study included pooled data from 283 older community-dwelling Japanese women without mobility limitations who were 65 to 87 years of age (mean age 72.2 ± 5.0 years). Measurements Muscle strength was measured by hand-grip strength (HGS). The participants were categorized by HGS (high muscle strength:...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research