Frailty and Brain-Muscle Correlates in Older People with Type 2 Diabetes: A Structural-MRI Explorative Study
ConclusionsSarcopenia features were more frequent in frail than prefrail subjects and were associated with decrease in grey matter volumes involved in motor control. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - July 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Erratum to: Sarcopenia Is Associated with Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
The authors from «Sarcopenia Is Associated with Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis”, J Nutr Health Aging. 2019;23(6):525–531, advise an error in Figure 2. Where is stated Association not present in the bottom of the Forest Plot is in fact Association present, and vice-ve rsa. Positive associations are indicated at the right side of the Forest Plot. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - July 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Population Health and Aging
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - July 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Anorexia of Aging Associated with Nutrients Intake in Brazilian Elderly
This study evaluated the association between anorexia of aging and nutrients intake. It was a cross-sectional study with 130 individuals aged 60 years or older, undergoing outpatient care in the city of Campinas, S ão Paulo. Anorexia of Aging (AA) was assessed using the Simplified Nutrition Appetite Questionnaire (SNAQ), and food consumption was evaluated using the 24-hour recall (24HR). The prevalence of AA was 27.7%, in which 66.7% were women and 38.9% were older than 80 years. Elderly with AA presented low er intake of calories (1172.6 kcal vs 1477.9 kcal; p = 0.003), carbohydrates (158.5 g vs 194.1 g; p = 0.015)...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - July 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Midlife Body Mass Index Trajectory and Risk of Frailty 8 Years Later in Taiwan
ConclusionOur results showed that the BMI trajectories of midlife individuals tended to be constant and those in both the low-normal weight group and obesity group had an increased risk of developing frailty in later life. Therefore, an optimal weight-targeting strategy should be considered for Asian elderly individuals. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - July 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Worry about Performance: Unravelling the Relationship between ‘Doing More’ and ‘Doing Better’
AbstractObjectiveRecent studies have described worry about caregiver performance (WaP) as a distinct dimension of caregiver burden. We aimed to explore care recipient and caregiver characteristics between the concordant and discordant WaP groups in a population of caregivers of older adults with cognitive impairment. The secondary objective is to explore if there are differences between high and low WaP subsets in the ‘doing more’ and ‘doing better’ groups.Design, setting and participantsThis is a retrospective study of 936 dyads of community-dwelling older adults with cognitive complaints and their...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - July 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Characteristics, Reliability and Validity of the Persian Version of Simplified Nutritional Appetite Questionnaire (SNAQ)
AbstractBackground/AimsUsing a reliable and valid instrument to measure appetite is highly important in clinical practice and research. We aimed to evaluate characteristics, reliability and validity of the Persian version of simplified nutritional appetite questionnaire (SNAQ).Material and methodsAfter face and content validation of the SNAQ by a panel of experts, the reliability and validity of the Persian form of this questionnaire were assessed among 213 weight-reduction seeking women referring to a nutrition clinic. Furthermore, the factor analysis was performed by varimax rotation method.ResultsConfirmatory factor ana...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - July 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Self-Reported Cognitive Frailty Predicts Adverse Health Outcomes for Community-Dwelling Older Adults Based on an Analysis of Sex and Age
ConclusionsThe impact of SR-MD or SR-CD on adverse health outcomes differed as a function of age and sex. Thus, we need to consider preventive approaches according to these specific target group features. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - July 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Nutritional Status, Anemia and Other Vitamin Deficiencies in the Elderly Receiving Home Care
ConclusionsWith or without malnutrition, iron deficiency anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency and vitamin D deficiency were common in the home care elderly patients. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Higher Vitamin D Levels are Associated with Better Attentional Functions: Data from the NorCog Register
AbstractObjectivesThe aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate which cognitive domains are mostly affected in persons with vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency, defined as 25(OH)D
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Traditional Japanese Diet Score — Association with Obesity, Incidence of Ischemic Heart Disease, and Healthy Life Expectancy in a Global Comparative Study
AbstractObjectivesWe created a Traditional Japanese Diet Score (TJDS), and to clarify the relationship between TJDS and obesity, ischemic heart disease (IHD), and healthy life expectancy (HALE).DesignEcological studySettingFood (g/day/capita) and energy (kcal/day/capita) supply was determined using the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Statistics Division database. The sum of characteristic traditional Japanese foods (beneficial food components in the Japanese diet: rice, fish, soybeans, vegetables, eggs, and seaweeds; food components rarely used in the Japanese diet: wheat, milk, and red meat) was di...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

SARC-F Validation and SARC-F+EBM Derivation in Musculoskeletal Disease: The SPSS-OK Study
AbstractObjectivesTo validate the SARC-F questionnaire for sarcopenia screening in musculoskeletal disease setting, and to assess improvements in diagnostic accuracy by adding “EBM” (elderly and body mass index information) to the SARC-F.DesignDiagnostic accuracy study.Setting and ParticipantsThe center involved in this study was located in an urban area of Kobe City, Japan. People with musculoskeletal disease in the knee, hip, or spine who were scheduled for surgical treatment were included.MeasurementsSarcopenia was evaluated using the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS) and the European Working Group o...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Positive Effects of “Textured Lunches” Gatherings and Oral Exercises Combined with Physical Exercises on Oral and Physical Function in Older Individuals: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial
AbstractObjectivesProper nutrition and physical exercises are essential to prevent frailty in older adults. Proper masticatory performance and oral function may influence on physical activities as well since the mouth is the entrance of nutrition and digestion. Thus, the present study aimed to test the combined program of specially devised lunch gatherings containing textured foods with oral and physical exercises on the improvement of oral and physical function in community-dwelling older adults.DesignA Cluster randomized controlled trialSetting and ParticipantsEighty-six community-dwelling older adults in Daito city, Jap...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Depression Severity as a Risk Factor of Sarcopenic Obesity in Morbidly Obese Patients
AbstractSettingEtiopathogenic factors of physical disability in obesity are numerous, underestimated and not sought in the non-geriatric population. Amongst these factors, depression may favor the development of sarcopenic obesity by reducing strength and physical performance even in the absence of overt muscle loss.Objectives& participantsTo study the link between depression status and muscle functional disorders (dynapenia) in a population of adult subjects with severe and morbid obesity.MeasurementsPatients were assessed for body composition, grip strength, the Short Physical Performances Battery test (SPPB), for de...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Associations between Dietary Inflammatory Index Scores and Inflammatory Biomarkers Among Older Adults in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 Study
ConclusionThese results are consistent with the ability of the DII to predict inflammatory biomarker concentrations and suggest that diet plays a role in the regulation of inflammation, even after controlling for potential confounders. This validation study provides support for using the DII in research among older populations. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Anemia of Old Age
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

An Optimal Questionnaire Representing Slow Gait Speed( & lt;1M/S) in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: The Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS)
ConclusionBased on the results of this study, the authors suggest that “Difficulty in walking around one lap of a 400-m track without help” may be the best question to use when evaluating slow gait speed. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Inter-Rater Reliability of the Mealtime Scan+
The objectives of this paper are to provide an overview of the changes made in the new MTS+ tool and to describe its inter-rater reliability.Research Design and MethodsThe observational and scoring methods used to evaluate the physical, social, and relational-centered dining environments in LTC homes were reviewed and updated into MTS+ and an overall quality of dining rating derived. Two trained assessors were evaluated for the inter-rater reliability. Nine dining rooms in three LTC homes at different meals were observed for a total of 45 observations. Interclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) was used to assess reliability...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of Compliant Flooring on Dynamic Balance and Gait Characteristics of Community-Dwelling Older Persons
ConclusionThe present study demonstrated that compliant flooring did not significantly affect dynamic balance and had minimal effects on gait characteristics. The compliant flooring appears to be safe for installing in self-ambulating older adult ’s home. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Rapid Geriatric Assessment, Physical Activity, and Sleep Quality in Adults Aged More Than 65 Years: A Preliminary Study
AbstractObjective(1) To evaluate geriatric syndromes using the Rapid Geriatric Assessment; (2) To investigate possible association of geriatric syndomes with physical activity and sleep quality in adults aged more than 65 years who applied to outpatients physical medicine and rehabilitation clinic.DesignA cross-sectional study.SettingOutpatient physical medicine and rehabilitation clinic in Edirne, Turkey.ParticipantsA total of 56 adults (mean aged 69.7 ± 4.0 (range, 65–80) years, 33 women).MeasurementsThe Rapid Geriatric Assessment, which includes the FRAIL Questionnaire Screening Tool for frailty, Simplified...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

How Much Intake of Sodium Is Good for Frailty? : The Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS)
AbstractObjectiveThe aim of this study was to determine how sodium intake can affect frailty, but not anorexia, in community-dwelling older adults in Korea.DesignThis was a cross-sectional study.SettingThe study used data from the Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Survey (KFACS), a multi-center longitudinal study addressing 10 centers across urban, rural, and suburban communities in Korea, between 2016 and 2017.ParticipantsA total of 954 older adults who underwent both 24-hour dietary recall assessment and physical function test during the first-year baseline investigation of the KFACS.MeasurementsFrailty was determined acco...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Adopting a Diary to Support an Ecological Assessment of Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Dementia
AbstractNeuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) are one of the most challenging issues in the management and care of people with dementia. Their accurate assessment is thus crucial for properly approaching subjects with cognitive disorders in the clinical setting. In parallel, the correct evaluation of NPS is also particularly relevant in the research field where they serve as critical indicators for measuring the efficacy of interventions against cognitive disorders. However, the study of NPS is extremely challenging given their extreme inter- and intraindividual variability. Moreover, the available assessment tools are often ina...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Twenty-Four Months ’ Resistance and Endurance Training Improves Muscle Size and Physical Functions but Not Muscle Quality in Older Adults Requiring Long-Term Care
AbstractObjectivesTo assess the effects of 24 months training on muscle quality, size, strength, and gait abilities in older adults who need long-term care. Design: Non-randomized controlled trial Setting: Kawai Rehabilitation Center and Kajinoki Medical Clinic.ParticipantsTen older participants who needed long-term care (age, 76.7 ± 5.6 years) were participated as training group (Tr-group) and 10 older men and women who did not require long-term care (age, 72.9 ± 6.6 years) comprised the control group (Cont-group).InterventionTr-group performed resistive and endurance exercises once or twice a week for 24 mo...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 23, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Frailty Could Predict Death in Older Adults After Admission at Emergency Department? A 6-Month Prospective Study from a Middle-Income Country
ConclusionThe identification of frailty using the FRAIL at admission was not predictive of death after a 6-month period after discharge from the ED. Simple frailty assessment could identify patients at higher risk for death in the follow-up. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 23, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Effect of Age upon the Interrelationship of BMI and Inpatient Health Outcomes
ConclusionA BMI> 25 kg/m2 in older patients is associated with reduced risk of prolonged admission, inpatient mortality and adverse outcomes following discharge. This adds to growing evidence that age-specific BMI guidelines are required for adults because the healthiest BMI in the older hospital patient is seemingly not in the range 18.5 –24.9 kg/m2. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Health and Functional Determinants of Orthostatic Hypotension in Geriatric Ward Patients: A Retrospective Cross Sectional Cohort Study
ConclusionsOH affects a significant percentage of patients in the geriatric ward, although this problem may be underestimated due to limitations in the performance of AST in very frail and functionally dependent patients. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Translation and Validation of the Spanish Version of the SARC-F Questionnaire to Assess Sarcopenia in Older People
ConclusionsSARC-F is a feasible tool, suitable for bedside assessment in community-dwelling older patients. Wide diffusion of this culturally-responsible SARC-F Spanish version is expected as EWGSOP2 is adopted and sarcopenia assessment is broadly implemented in Spain. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 18, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

HDL Cholesterol is Independently Associated with Cognitive Function in Males but Not in Females within a Cohort of Nonagenarians: The Mugello Study
ConclusionOur results support the hypothesis that HDL cholesterol is significantly linked to cognitive functions, especially in males of a cohort of very old people. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 18, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Ionized and Total Magnesium Levels Change During Repeated Exercise in Older Adults
AbstractBackgroundMagnesium is essential for health and performance. Sub-optimal levels have been reported for older persons. In addition, physical exercise is known to temporally decrease magnesium blood concentrations.ObjectiveTo investigate these observations in conjunction we assessed total (tMg) and ionized magnesium (iMg) concentrations in plasma and whole blood, respectively, during 4 consecutive days of exercise in very old vital adults. Design: 68 participants (age 83.7 ±1.9 years) were monitored on 4 consecutive days at which they walked 30–40km (average ∼8 hours) per day at a self-determined pac...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 18, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Senolytics: The Modern Snake Oil?
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Negative Association of Serum Uric Acid with Peripheral Blood Cellular Aging Markers
AbstractObjectivesWe aimed to explore the association between serum UA and cellular aging markers.DesignThe current cross-sectional analysis was based on data collected within a type 2 diabetes project.SettingsSerum uric acid (UA), which has both antioxidant and pro-oxidant properties, is thought to be involved in cellular aging processes.ParticipantsThere are 536 participants included in total, 65.3% of which are women. The average serum UA in women was 267.8 umol/l, lower than in men of 337.7 umol/l (P
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

APOE Genotype Influences Postprandial Blood Pressure After High fat Feeding in Older Adults
ConclusionsThese data suggest that E4+ individuals experience a greater postprandial blood pressure response particularly following high fat feeding, and this effect becomes more pronounced with age. The prevalence of PPH may play a role in the development of AD and may be mediated by diet. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Malnutrition Screening and Assessment in Hospitalised Older People: A Review
The objective of this review is to compare the validity and reliability of Nutritional Screening Tools (NSTs) for older adults in the hospital setting. We also provide an overview of the various nutritional screening and assessment tools used to identify malnutrition in hospitalised older adults. These include: Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), MNA-short form (MNA-SF), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Simplified Nutritional Appetite Questionnaire (SNAQ), Geriatric Nutrition Risk Index (GNRI) and anthropometric measurements. The prevalence and outcomes of malnutrition in...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Time Effects on Physical Performance in Older Adults in Nursing Home: A Narrative Review
ConclusionThis review shows how physical performance decreases over time in nursing home residents and quantifies their decline. However, in active controls, there was an improvement in some physical performance measures, which indicates that intervention other than exercise might prevent some loss in physical performance. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 26, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

How Much Intake of Sodium is Good for Frailty?: The Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS)
AbstractObjectiveThe aim of this study was to determine how sodium intake can affect frailty, but not anorexia, in community-dwelling older adults in Korea.DesignThis was a cross-sectional study.SettingThe study used data from the Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Survey (KFACS), a multi-center longitudinal study addressing 10 centers across urban, rural, and suburban communities in Korea, between 2016 and 2017.ParticipantsA total of 954 older adults who underwent both 24-hour dietary recall assessment and physical function test during the first-year baseline investigation of the KFACS.MeasurementsFrailty was determined acco...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Development of a Brief Caregiver-Centric Screening Tool to Identify Risk of Depression Among Caregivers of Hospitalized Older Adults
Conclusions/ImplicationsThe caregiver-centric tool is a novel, practical, self-administered, relatively brief caregiver-centric instrument that can be used for rapid screening and stratification of caregivers at risk of depression. Uniquely, the tool comprised of assessment of protective factor (mastery) in addition to risk factors to provide a holistic assessment of the caregiver. It can be incorporated as part of older adults ’ admission evaluation so that prompt intervention can be rendered to their at-risk caregivers. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Screening for the Anorexia of Aging
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Exercise Interventions for the Prevention and Treatment of Sarcopenia. A Systematic Umbrella Review
ConclusionSince sarcopenia is affecting all skeletal muscles in the body, we recommend training the large muscle groups in a total body approach. Although low-intensity resistance training ( ≤50% 1RM) is sufficient to induce strength gains, we recommend a high-intensity resistance training program (i.e. 80% 1RM) to obtain maximal strength gains. Multimodal exercises and blood flow restriction resistance training may be considered as well. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Association Between Objectively Measured Physical Activity and the Gut Microbiome Among Older Community Dwelling Men
ConclusionThere was a modest association between levels of PA and specific gut microbes among community-dwelling older men. The observed associations are consistent with the hypothesis that underlying health status and composition of the host microbiome are related. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association Between Dysphagia and Frailty in Community Dwelling Older Adults
ConclusionDysphagia is associated with frailty irrespective to age, presence of neurodegenerative diseases, number of chronic diseases and drugs. To our knowledge, this is the largest serie in the literature providing data on independent association of dysphagia with frailty. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Is Sitting Time Related with Physical Fitness in Spanish Elderly Population? The Exernet Multicenter Study
AbstractBackgroundOlder adults spend most of their waking hours performing sedentary activities. The influence of these lifestyle patterns on the physical fitness (PF) levels of this population has not yet been sufficiently investigated.ObjectiveThe aim of the study was to examine whether sedentary behavior (SB) (h •d-1sitting) is associated with PF, and specifically to analyze whether sitting>4 h •d-1 is associated with higher risk of having lower levels of fitness in seniors.DesignEXERNET multi-center study.Participants and SettingsA representative sample of 3136 non-institutionalized elderly (aged 72.2+5.3 ...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Assessment of Oral Function and Proper Diet Level for Frail Elderly Individuals in Nursing Homes Using Chewing Training Food
ConclusionsThe PL pressing and chewing tests may aid in ascertaining the appropriate diet level. In the future, we would like to verify the usefulness of these tests in determining the diet level of elderly people requiring long-term care at the time of entering the facility. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association Between Sarcopenia and Overactive Bladder in Elderly Diabetic Patients
ConclusionThis study found that sarcopenia was significantly associated with OAB in elderly diabetic male patients based on SARC-F-J. Moreover, the possibility of the development of OAB should be considered during the medical examinations of elderly diabetic male patients with sarcopenia. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Serum Homocysteine Levels had Important Associations with Activity and Quality of Daily Living in Chinese Centenarians
This study was designed to investigate the associations of serum homocysteine levels with activity and quality of daily living in Chinese centenarians for the first time.ParticipantsThe China Hainan Centenarian Cohort Study was performed in 18 cities and counties of Hainan Province.Main measuresHome interview, physical examination and blood analysis were performed in 787 centenarians following standard procedures.Key resultsThe median age was 102 years, ranging between 100 and 115 years. There were 634 females (80.6%) and 153 males (19.4%) in all. The median level of serum homocysteine was 23.80 (18.80-29.90) umol/L, where...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Sarcopenia is Associated with Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Discussion and ImplicationsOur analyzes confirmed that sarcopenic older adults presented a higher prevalence of cognitive impairment. Sarcopenia may represent a risk factor for cognitive decline, but longitudinal studies are needed to explore causality. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Utility of the FRAIL Questionnaire in Detecting Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction
ConclusionFrailty is associated with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), and frailty screening may be used to detect undiagnosed HFpEF. The findings support the proposal that HFpEF be considered a geriatric syndrome. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Utility of Probiotics for Maintenance or Improvement of Health Status in Older People — A Scoping Review
ConclusionsA growing body of research has applied commercially available probiotic preparations across care settings for age related conditions including gut dysmotility, osteoporosis, common infectious diseases and cognitive impairment. Although methodologies vary, randomised controlled trials have reproduced results in these areas, and so warrant consideration of probiotics as a low risk adjuvant treatment for specific indications in the elderly. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - April 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Associations Between Nutritional Status and Health-Related Quality of Life Among Long-Term Care Residents in Helsinki
ConclusionsNutrition plays an important role in HRQoL among older long-term care residents. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - March 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Insufficient Reporting of Randomization Procedures and Unexplained Unequal Allocation: A Commentary on “Dairy-Based and Energy-Enriched Berry-Based Snacks Improve or Maintain Nutritional and Functional Status in Older People in Home Care”
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - March 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research