The Effects of Concurrent Training Order on Satellite Cell-Related Markers, Body Composition, Muscular and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Older Men with Sarcopenia
AbstractObjectivesConcurrent Training (CT) is described as a combination of resistance training (RT) and endurance training (ET) in a periodized program to maximize all aspects of physical performance. To date, effects of CT order on muscular and cardiorespiratory fitness adaptations are controversial. Owing to the age-related decrement in satellite cells (SC) which are critical for fiber repair, conservation, muscle hypertrophy as well as cardiorespiratory fitness, the present study examined the response of SC related markers to CT order in older sarcopenic men.ParticipantsThirty older men (age= 64.3 ± 3.5 years) w...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 27, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Stroke Based on the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
AbstractObjectivesTo explore the risk factors for stroke by using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).MethodsA total of 19384 cases from the NHANES database during 2005 to 2016 were included in this study, of which 661 were stroke patients, with a weighted prevalence of 2.60%. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze possible risk factors for stroke.ResultsThe risk of stroke was 1.839 times higher in subjects with diabetes than in those without diabetes,P
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 27, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a Short-Term Mixed Exercise Program for Treating Sarcopenia in Hospitalized Patients Aged 80 Years and Older: A Prospective Clinical Trial
ConclusionVery old inpatients with sarcopenia can benefit from a mixed exercise program (even as short as two weeks) by improving their ADL and gait speed. However, the long-term effects of exercise on important clinical outcomes need to be further evaluated. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Sarcopenia Prevalence Using Different Definitions in Older Community-Dwelling Canadians
ConclusionSarcopenia prevalence was relatively low in older Canadian adults and current definitions had poor agreement in diagnosing individuals as sarcopenic. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Relation of Poor Nutritional Status to Mild Cognitive Impairment in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease
AbstractObjectivesNutritional status affects cerebral circulation and cognitive function. More attention needs to be paid to nutritional status in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients, yet the relation between nutritional status or dietary intake (DI) and cognitive function or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in CAD patients remain unclear. Thus, we examined the following relations: 1) that between nutritional status and cognitive function, and MCI and 2) that between DI and cognitive function, and MCI.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsWe conducted a cross-sectional study of 208 patients with CAD but without dementia.Measu...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Low Protein Intake Irrespective of Source is Associated with Higher Mortality Among Older Community-Dwelling Men
ConclusionsLow protein intake, irrespective of source, was associated with a modest increase in risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality among older men. Special consideration should be given to level of protein intake among older adults. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Peak Expiratory Flow as an Index of Frailty Syndrome in Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study
ConclusionsFrail and pre-frail older adults presented significantly lower PEF than non-frail participants, and these values were lower than predicted. PEF was inversely associated with frailty and pre-frailty. PEF cut-off points can be used as a complementary method to indicate frailty in community-dwelling older adults. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of the COVID-19 Epidemic on Physical Activity in Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Japan: A Cross-Sectional Online Survey
The objective of this study was to investigate changes in physical activity (PA) between January (before the COVID-19 epidemic) and April (during the COVID-19 epidemic) 2020 in community-dwelling older adults in Japan.DesignCross-sectional online survey.Setting and SubjectsFrom April 23 to 27, 2020, an online survey was completed by 1,600 community-dwelling older adults in Japan.MethodsWe assessed the frailty status using the Kihon checklist, and other demographics and asked questions regarding PA at two time points: January and April 2020. We defined the total PA time (minutes) per week based on activity frequency and tim...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

SARC-F Is Better Correlated with Muscle Function Indicators Than Muscle Mass in Older Hemodialysis Patients
AbstractBackgroundSarcopenia can be characterized by European Consensus for Sarcopenia (EWGSOP2) criteria, but it methods are not easily accessible. Likewise, the Strength, Assistance with walking, Rise from a Chair, Climb stairs and Falls (SARC-F) has been proposed.ObjectiveThe aim of this study was i) to evaluate the prevalence for risk sarcopenia and ii) to correlate the SARC-F with components of the EWGSOP2 consensus in hemodialysis (HD) patients.MeasurementsThis cross-sectional study enrolled ninety-five (male n=59; 62%) HD older patients. Sarcopenia risk was assessed using the SARC-F, which ≥4 score indicates sarc...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Back to Basics: Giant Challenges to Addressing Isaac ’s “Geriatric Giants” Post COVID-19 Crisis
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic, being the greatest challenge to our healthcare system for over a century, has its greatest impact on older patients. This subgroup has higher morbidity and mortality than younger age groups. Superimposed on this, the major preventative intervention resulting in social isolation has negative consequences. Prof. Bernard Isaacs described the “Geriatric Giant Symptoms” in 1965 and encouraged the development of interventions for immobility, instability, incontinence and impaired intellect/memory with careful management of these symptoms resulting in better outcomes for older patients i...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A Simple Questionnaire as a First-Step Tool to Detect Specific Frailty Profiles: The Lorraine Frailty-Profiling Screening Scale
AbstractObjectivesTo propose a simple frailty screening tool able to identify frailty profiles.DesignCross-sectional observational study.SettingParticipants were recruited in 3 different clinical settings: a primary care outpatient clinic (RURAL population, N=591), a geriatric day clinic (DAY-CLINIC population, N=76) and healthy volunteers (URBAN population, N=147).ParticipantsA total of 817 older adults (>70 years old) living at home were included.InterventionA 9-item questionnaire (Lorraine Frailty Profiling Screening Scale, LoFProSS), constructed by an experts ’ working group, was administered to participants b...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Gray Matters App Targeting Health Behaviors Associated with Alzheimer ’s Risk: Improvements in Intrinsic Motivation and Impact on Diet Quality and Physical Activity
ConclusionRCT results support that the Gray Matters AD-focused intervention increased IM, and IM was associated with improved physical activity and diet quality for some subgroups. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutritional Risk and Mortality at One Year for Elderly Patients Hospitalized with Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation. NONAVASC Registry
AbstractObjectivesTo determine whether nutritional risk is associated with the mortality of elderly patients hospitalized with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).DesignProspective, multicenter cohort study.SettingInternal medicine departments in Spain.ParticipantsInpatients>75 years with NVAF.MeasurementsWe measured the thrombotic and hemorrhagic risk at admission using the CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED scales, respectively, and the nutritional risk with the controlling nutritional status (CONUT) index. We established 4 degrees of nutritional risk: null (CONUT score 0 –1 point), low (2–4 points), moderate (5...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Merits and the Pitfalls of Low Carbohydrate Diet: A Concise Review
AbstractLow carbohydrate diets (LCD) may help body weight loss and glycemic control in diabetes but their long-term consequences are not known. The aim of this review is to highlight the contrast between the potential benefits of short term LCD and the adverse health effects of long-term consumption of LCD. LCD can enhance weight loss in the short term although its effect is small and not sustainable. In people with diabetes and insulin resistance, LCD is helpful in achieving glycemic control. However, there are untoward side effects especially when carbohydrates are severely restricted (
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association Between Oral Health and Frailty Among Older Adults in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study
ConclusionThis study has shown significant associations between oral health indicators namely number of teeth, functional dentition and self-rated oral health, and both FP and FI among Saudi older adults. Nutritional status appeared to mediate the association between oral health and frailty implicating inability to eat in this relationship. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

COVID-19, Virology and Geroscience: A Perspective
AbstractA new Coronavirus, called SARS-CoV-2, was identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. The SARS-CoV-2 spread very rapidly, causing a global pandemic, Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Older adults have higher peak of viral load and, especially those with comorbidities, had higher COVID-19-related fatality rates than younger adults. In this Perspective paper, we summarize current knowledge about SARS-CoV-2 and aging, in order to understand why older people are more affected by COVID-19. We discuss about the possibility that the so-called “immunosenescence” and “inflammaging” processes, al...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Association Between Four Gait Speed Assessments and Incident Stroke in Older Adults: The Health, Aging and Body Composition Study
ConclusionsGait speed was independently associated with stroke among older adults. Different gait speed assessments had similar prognostic value for predicting stroke. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Metabolic Syndrome and Cognitive Function: Cross-Sectional Study on Community-Dwelling Non-Demented Older Adults in Japan
ConclusionsOur results suggest that in community-dwelling non-demented Japanese older adults, attention but not global cognitive function may be impaired by metabolic syndrome. Inverted association between some components of metabolic syndrome and global cognitive function indicate necessity of further studies on the relation between undernutrition and cognitive function. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nasogastric Tube Feeding Versus Total Parenteral Nutrition in Older Dysphagic Patients with Pneumonia: Retrospective Cohort Study
This study sought to compare in-hospital outcomes between patients receiving nasogastric tube feeding and total parenteral nutrition.DesignThis is a retrospective cohort study.SettingA hospital-based database constructed by the Diagnosis Procedure Combination survey data comprising more than 100 acute-care hospitals.ParticipantsThe study included consecutive older inpatients aged>65 years admitted to participating hospitals with a diagnosis of pneumonia from 2014 through 2017.MeasurementsWe compared patients who received total parenteral nutrition and those who received nasogastric tube feeding in terms of characteristi...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Underweight in Men had a Closer Relationship with Falls than Women in Centenarians
AbstractThe aim of the study was to assess the relationship between underweight and falls. It was a cross-sectional study in community-based participants from China Hainan Centenarian Cohort Study (CHCCS). A total of 942 centenarians (mean ages were 102.4 years in men and 102.9 years in women, 21.8% were semi-supercentenarians, and 3.2% were supercentenarians) were enrolled from July 2014 to December 2016. Height and weight were measured according to the standard protocol. Participants were interviewed face to face to self-report falls for recent 3 months. The risks of future falls were evaluated by Morse Fall Scale (MFS)....
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Is Vitamin D One of the Key Elements in COVID-19 Days?
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A Comparison of Patients with Hip Fracture, Ten Years Apart: Morbidity, Malnutrition and Sarcopenia
ConclusionOur findings support an increasing morbidity within the population over time. However, also presented is a coherent decrease in malnutrition and sarcopenia, suggesting a decrease in frailty as a possible explanation for the observed unaltered mortality, in turn suggesting advances in treatment of comorbidities. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Impact of Diabetes Mellitus and Frailty on Long-Term Outcomes in Elderly Patients with Acute Coronary Syndromes
AbstractObjectivesDiabetes mellitus (DM) and frailty are common in older patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). No data exists about its prognostic impact on long-term outcomes and their possible interaction in this setting.DesignObservational prospective study.SettingMulticenter registry conducted in 44 hospitals in Spain.ParticipantsConsecutive patients with ACS aged 80 ≥years.MeasurementsA comprehensive geriatric evaluation was performed during hospitalization, including frailty assessment by the FRAIL score. The impact of DM and frailty on the incidence of mortality/readmission at 24 months was analysed by a ...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Long-Chain Omega-3 Fatty Acid Intake is Associated with Age But Not Cognitive Performance in an Older Australian Sample
ConclusionLCn-3 PUFA and fish oil consumption increased with age in this sample of older Australians, particularly due to supplement intake. However, LCn-3 PUFA intake was not associated with cognitive function. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Unpreparedness of the Healthcare System for the Management of COVID-19 Pandemic Leading to the Mistreatment of the Elderly: A Newly Emerging Moral Dilemma
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Clinical and Metabolic Improvement after Bariatric Surgery in Older Adults: A 6-Year Follow-Up
AbstractAimOur aim in this study was to assess the clinical and metabolic impact of bariatric surgery in older adults.MethodsThis analytical, observational, longitudinal study was carried out with individuals aged 60 years and older who underwent bariatric surgery after 55 years of age at a specialist center for obesity management located in the Federal District of Brazil. Post-surgery changes in the following parameters from baseline: total body weight, excess weight lost, body mass index (BMI), number of medications, number of comorbidities, and weight regain. Mean values of the variables of interest before and after sur...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Impact of Nutritional Status on Muscle Architecture in Elderly Patients Hospitalized in Internal Medicine Wards
This study aimed to investigate the association between the nutritional status and muscle architecture in elderly patients hospitalized in internal medicine wards. 68 aged patients admitted in internal medicine wards were consecutively enrolled and stratified in three groups based on the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) score: well-fed (WF), at risk of malnutrition (RM), and malnourished (M). Biochemical indices and anthropometric parameters were sampled at hospital admission. Furthermore, all patients were assessed at admission and after 7 days of hospitalization for muscle strength (hand-grip test), mass (bioimpedentiom...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

COVID-19 and the Renin Angiotensin System: Implications for the Older Adults
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Frailty and Vulnerability as Predictors of Chemotherapy Toxicity in Older Adults: A Longitudinal Study in Peru
ConclusionsThe frailty and vulnerability in the elderly are conditions associated with the development of CTT. The Fried phenotype was the scale with the most significant association with the outcome studied. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutrition, Immigration and Health Determinants are Linked to Verbal Fluency among Anglophone Adults in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA)
ConclusionsLong-term immigrants had higher verbal fluency test scores than their Canadian-born counterparts. Immigration status, social, health and nutritional factors are important considerations for possible intervention and prevention strategies for cognitive impairment. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - June 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Diagnostic Testing for SARS-Coronavirus-2 in the Nursing Facility: Recommendations of a Delphi Panel of Long-Term Care Clinicians
AbstractWith the COVID-19 pandemic progressing, guidance on strategies to mitigate its devastating effects in nursing facilities (NFs) is critical to preventing additional tragic outcomes. Asymptomatic spread of COVID-19 from nursing facility staff and residents is a major accelerator of infection. Facility-wide point-prevalence testing is an emerging strategy in disease mitigation. Because time is not available to await the results of randomized controlled trials before implementing strategies in this high-risk setting, an expert Delphi panel composed of experienced long-term care medicine professionals has now met to pro...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Prevalence of Frailty in Brazilian Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
ConclusionIn Brazil, the overall prevalence of frailty in non-institutionalized older adults is higher than observed from more developed countries. However, it may vary according to the assessment methods and settings. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Changes in Postural Stability of Women in Early Old Age
ConclusionIn women aged over 60, the perception of stimuli received by the visual and vestibular organs is impaired and their proficiency in controlling body balance is lower. Thus, they are more likely to adopt a hip strategy to maintain balance. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutritional Considerations in Frail Older Patients with COVID-19
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Covid-19 and Intrinsic Capacity
AbstractThe SARS-CoV-2 infection is particularly associated with negative outcomes (i.e., serious disease, death) in frail older people, independently of where they live. Furthermore, the period of pandemic (with its lockdowns, social distancing, fragmentation of care...) has significantly changed the environment in which older people live. It is likely that, when the pandemic will be over, an acceleration of the aging process will be observed for many persons, independently of whether they have been infected or not by the SARS-CoV-2. The World report on ageing and health, published by the World Health Organization, propos...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Frailty Assessment in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Comparison of 3 Diagnostic Instruments
AbstractObjectivesCompare the diagnostic performance of FRAIL against Fried Phenotype and Frailty Index (FI), and identify clinical factors associated with pre-frailty/frailty.DesignCross-sectional analysis.SettingCommunity-based screenings in Senior Activity Centres, Residents ’ Corners and Community Centres in northeast Singapore.Participants517 community dwelling participants aged>55 years and ambulant independently (with/ without walking aids) were included in this study. Residents of sheltered or nursing homes, and seniors unable to ambulate at least four meters independently were excluded.MeasurementsThe mul...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

In the Quest of a Standard Index of Intrinsic Capacity. A Critical Literature Review
ConclusionFurther validation of the intrinsic capacity concept is needed, together with more robust approaches to measure it. A standard index of IC has not been validated for translation into clinical or research purposes. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Influence of Obesity on Diagnostic Accuracy and Optimal Cutoffs for Sarcopenia Screening in Non-Frail Older Adults: A Comparison of SARC-F Versus SARC-CalF
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Therapeutic Patient Education Interventions for Older Adults with Cancer: A Systematic Review
AbstractThe incidence of cancer increases with age and demographics shows that the population of western countries is dramatically ageing. The new discipline of Geriatric Oncology is emerging aiming at providing tailored and patient-centred support to older adults with cancer. With the development of oral cancer therapy and outpatient treatments, Therapeutic Patient Education (TPE), aiming at enabling the patient and their relatives to cope with the disease in partnership with health professionals, appears to be an interesting and useful tool. The purpose of this paper is to search for evidence of the effectiveness of educ...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Age-Dependent Changes in the Plasma Proteome of Healthy Adults
ConclusionsThe results of this study mapped the variation in the expression of plasma proteins and provided information about possible biomarkers/treatments for different age-related functional disorders. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Predictive Value of Sarcopenia and its Individual Criteria for Cardiovascular and All-Cause Mortality in Suburb-Dwelling Older Chinese
ConclusionsSarcopenia and components of sarcopenia were associated with greater CVD and all-cause mortality. Pertinent prevention or rehabilitation programs projects should look to promote healthy aging in different types of sarcopenia group. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of Sedentary Time on the Risk of Orthopaedic Problems in People Aged 50 Years and Older
This study used data from the 2014 –2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Survey participants with previous or current osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, as diagnosed by a doctor, were excluded. OPPs were defined as knee joint pain, hip joint pain, low back pain, and knee stiffness. The cut-off value for SDT was 7.5 hours/day. The study population comprised 3,671 people (1), 856 men and 1,815 women), all of whom were ≥50 years-old. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed.ResultsA total of 328 men (17.7%) and 519 women (28.6%) had OPPs. Men with SDTs ≥7.5 hours had a grea...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Clinical Presentation of COVID19 in Dementia Patients
AbstractObjectiveNo studies analyzing the role of dementia as a risk factor for mortality in patients affected by COVID-19. We assessed the prevalence, clinical presentation and outcomes of dementia among subjects hospitalized for COVID19 infection.DesignRetrospective study.SettingCOVID wards in Acute Hospital in Brescia province, Northern Italy.ParticipantsWe used data from 627 subjects admitted to Acute Medical wards with COVID 19 pneumonia.MeasurementsClinical records of each patients admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of COVID19 infection were retrospectively analyzed. Diagnosis of dementia, modalities of onset ...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Assessment of Eating Pleasure among Older Adults: Development and Preliminary Validation of the Anticipatory and Consummatory Eating Pleasure (ACEPS)
AbstractObjectiveMaintaining eating pleasure as long as possible is one of the determinants that contributes to and encourages good nutrition in the ageing population. Our study aimed to translate, adapt to the context of food and validate the Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scale (which distinguishes anticipatory and consummatory experiences of pleasure) in a food dependent older French population.DesignProspective validation study.Setting199 participants dependent for their meals, over 65 years old and living at home.MeasurementsA pool of 16 self-reported items constituted the initial version of the anticipatory and cons...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Role of a Geriatrician has Become Even More Important in an Academic Institution during COVID-19
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Ethnic Groups Differences in the Prevalence of Sarcopenia Using the AWGS Criteria
ConclusionsThe crude prevalence of sarcopenia is 22.3% in Han, 18.2% in Tibetan, 11.8% in Qiang, 34.7% in Yi and 26.7% in Hui. Sarcopenia was less prevalent in Qiang compared with Han. Further studies to determine related factors of sarcopenia among different ethnic groups are recommended. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A Cross-Sectional Study of Glim-Defined Malnutrition Based on New Validated Calf Circumference Cut-Off Values and Different Screening Tools in Hospitalised Patients over 70 Years Old
ConclusionsThe Chinese reference values of CC for inpatients over 70 years old were validated by in-hospital mortality, which could be implemented in GLIM criteria. And this population possessed a high prevalence of nutrition risk and malnutrition. GLIM criteria with MNA-SF seems to be the first choice to diagnose malnutrition. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Post-Acute Use of Opioids and Psychotropics in Patients after Hip Fracture: Unintended Consequences of Implementing Diagnosis-Related Grouping Payment
ConclusionsIn conclusion, DRG implementation in Taiwan substantially increased post-acute prescription of antipsychotic and psychotropic agents for hip fracture patients, and changed use of analgesics, which may result in suboptimal quality and safety for these patients. Further research is needed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of DRG implementation, and the potential benefits of appropriate post-acute care bundled with DRG payment. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

COVID-19: A Personalized Cardiometabolic Approach for Reducing Complications and Costs. The Role of Aging Beyond Topics
AbstractCOVID 19 is much more than an infectious disease by SARS-CoV-2 followed by a disproportionate immune response. An older age, diabetes and history of cardiovascular disease, especially hypertension, but also chronic heart failure and coronary artery disease among others, are between the most important risk factors. In addition, during the hospitalization both hyperglycaemia and heart failure are frequent. Less frequent are acute coronary syndrome, arrhythmias and stroke. Accordingly, not all prolonged stays or even deaths are due directly to SARS-CoV-2. To our knowledge, this is the first review, focusing both on ca...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Signs for Early Detection of Dysphagia in Older Adults with Severe Alzheimer ’s Disease
ConclusionThese signs can be useful tools for early diagnosis of dysphagia in AD older adults. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - May 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research