Frailty – An emerging high impact complication of diabetes requiring specific management approaches
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 12, 2017 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Multi-domains lifestyle interventions reduces depressive symptoms among frail and pre-frail older persons: Randomized controlled trial
ConclusionMulti-domain interventions that reverse frailty among community-living older persons also reduce depressive symptomatology. Public health education and programmatic measures combining nutritional, physical and cognitive interventions for at-risk frail older people may likely benefit psychological wellbeing. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 20, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association between siesta (daytime sleep), dietary patterns and the presence of metabolic syndrome in elderly living in Mediterranean area (MEDIS study): The moderating effect of gender
ConclusionsLifestyle parameters including sleep and diet quality are strongly associated with the presence of MetS in elderly cohort, but different their level of influence appears to be different, depending on gender. Further research is needed to better consider the role of lifestyle characteristics in the management of MetS in clinical practice. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 17, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of aerobic and resistance training combined with fortified milk on muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance in older adults: A randomized controlled trial
ConclusionsThese results suggest that AT before RT combined with fortified milk consumption has similar effects on skeletal muscle mass and strength compared with RT alone, but it may be a more useful strategy to improve physical performance in older adults. Although the mechanism of our intervention is uncertain, our program would be an effective prevention for sarcopenia in older adults. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 17, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association between weight change and mortality in community living older people followed for up to 14 years. The Hordaland Health Study (HUSK)
AbstractObjectivesTo study the importance of weight change with regard to mortality in older people.DesignProspective cohort study.ParticipantsThe cohort includes participants in the Hordaland Health Study, Norway, 1997-99 (N=2935, age 71-74 years) who had previously participated in a survey in 1992-93.MeasurementsParticipants with weight measured at both surveys were followed for mortality through 2012. Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate risk of death according to changes in weight. Hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for people with stable weight ( ±3 kg were significantly as...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 17, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Impact of age on the association between body mass index and all-cause mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation
AbstractObjectivesTo explore the impact of age on the association between body mass index (BMI) and all-cause mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).MethodsA total of 1991 patients with AF (69 ± 13 years, 54.9% female) were divided into three age groups: 75 years, and followed for one year. The primary outcome was defined as all-cause mortality, with secondary outcomes including thromboembolism and major bleeding. Cox regression models were utilized to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).ResultsCompared to patients aged
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 10, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Supplementation of mussel peptides reduces aging phenotype, lipid deposition and oxidative stress in D-galactose-induce aging mice
ConclusionsThese results indicate that mussel peptides protect against lipid metabolic disorders associated with aging via maintaining oxidative stress homeostasis and elevated expression levels of PPARs. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 9, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary approach to stop hypertension with sodium reduction for Chinese Canadians (Dashna-CC): A pilot randomized controlled trial
ConclusionsIt is feasible to deliver the DASHNa-CC intervention in a Chinese Canadian community. The DASHNa-CC intervention may decrease blood pressure and improve health-related quality of life for Chinese Canadians. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 9, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Vitamin D and the mechanisms, circumstances and consequences of falls in older adults: A case-control study
ConclusionThis casecontrol study reported that vitamin D deficiency was associated with falls in older inpatients. There was a greater prevalence of orthostatic hypotension and of the reccurrence of falls among fallers with vitamin D deficiency, suggesting that vitamin D may influence the conditions predisposing to falls rather than the fall by itself. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 8, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The My Meal Intake Tool (M-MIT): Validity of a patient self- assessment for food and fluid intake at a single meal
AbstractObjectivesHospital malnutrition is an under-recognized issue that leads to a variety of adverse outcomes, especially for older adults. Food/fluid intake (FFI) monitoring in hospital can be used to identify those who are improving and those who need further treatment. Current monitoring practices such as calorie counts are impractical for all patients and a patient-completed tool, if valid, could support routine FFI monitoring. The aim of this research was to determine whether the patient-completed My Meal Intake Tool (M-MIT) can accurately represent FFI at a single meal.DesignCross-sectional, multi-site.SettingFour...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 8, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Integrated Care Programme for older adults: Analysis and improvement
ConclusionsOur dedicated Health Information System is a robust solution to bridge information gaps and facilitate the complete integration of our Integrated Care Programme for older in- and outpatients. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 8, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The effects of weight and waist change on the risk of long-term mortality in older adults-the Bambu í (Brazil) cohort study of aging
ConclusionAlthough weight loss has been recommended for adults with excessive weight regardless of age, weight change might be detrimental in older adults. Rather than weight loss, clinical interventions should target healthy lifestyle behaviors that contribute to weight stability, particularly physical activity in overweight and obese older adults. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 8, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Soluble milk proteins improve muscle mass recovery after immobilization-induced muscle atrophy in old rats but do not improve muscle functional property restoration
ConclusionWhey proteins and soluble milk proteins improve muscle mass recovery after immobilization-induced muscle atrophy in old rats but do not allow muscle functional property restoration. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 7, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Intake of a protein-enriched milk and effects on muscle mass and strength. A 12-week randomized placebo controlled trial among community-dwelling older adults
ConclusionIncreased protein intake (2 x 20 g/d) did not significantly improve muscle mass, muscle strength or functional performance in healthy older weight stable adults. Whether intake of> 20 g protein to each meal is necessary for preservation of muscle mass and strength in older adults should be further investigated in a larger study. This underscores the need for well-designed studies that can differentiate between the effect of protein intake and increased energy. This trial was registered at Clinicaltrials.gov (ID no. NCT02218333). (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 7, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The association between BMI and different frailty domains: A U-shaped curve?
AbstractObjectivesPrevious studies showed a U-shaped association between BMI and (physical) frailty. We studied the association between BMI and physical, cognitive, psychological, and social frailty. Furthermore, the overlap between and prevalence of these frailty domains was examined.DesignCross-sectional study.SettingThe Doetinchem Cohort Study is a longitudinal population-based study starting in 1987-1991 examining men and women aged 20-59 with follow-up examinations every 5 yrs.ParticipantsFor the current analyses, we used data from round 5 (2008-2012) with 4019 participants aged 41-81 yrs.MeasurementsPhysical frailty ...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 7, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

High free fatty acid levels are associated with stroke recurrence and poor functional outcome in Chinese patients with ischemic stroke
AbstractBackgroundThe aim of this study is to investigate whether serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) free fatty acid (FFA) levels are associated with outcome and recurrence in a cohort of patients with an acute ischemic stroke (AIS).MethodsFrom December 2013 to May 2015, patients with first-ever AIS were included. FFA level and NIH stroke scale (NIHSS) were measured at the time of admission. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the stroke outcome and recurrence according to FFA level. Clinical follow-up was performed at 6 month.ResultsIn our study, we studied 296 patients (52.7% male). We have found a positiv...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Utility of three prognostic risk scores in predicting outcomes in elderly non-malignant patients after percutaneous gastrostomy
AbstractBackground/ObjectivesPercutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is a method of providing enteral feeding to patients who cannot take adequate oral nutrition. The aims of this study were to determine the performance of malnutrition and mortality scoring systems for predicting short and long-term mortality in elderly patients who had undergone gastrostomy procedure due to non-malignant conditions. Design: Retrospective cohort study.SettingUniversity hospital in Turkey.Participants155 individuals aged 65 and older principally hospitalized for non-malignant diseases and require percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy.Measurements...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The impact of trained volunteer mealtime assistants on dietary intake and satisfaction with mealtime care in adult hospital inpatients: A systematic review
ConclusionThere is evidence from small studies and improvement projects that trained volunteer mealtime assistants are safe and improve satisfaction with mealtime care in hospital inpatients, although evidence for an effect on dietary intake was less consistent. Larger studies with robust methodology are required to confirm this. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 26, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Interventions to improve the oral health of people with dementia or cognitive impairment: A review of the literature
ConclusionThere is a lack of high quality evidence to support the effectiveness of oral health interventions and implementation strategies for older people with dementia or cognitive impairment. More rigorous, large scale research is needed in this area. Recommendations are provided to improve the overall quality of evaluation in this area. Emphasis must be placed on developing evidence-based, achievable and sustainable oral health strategies if the needs of people with dementia and cognitive impairment are to be met into the future. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 26, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Low serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D are associated with stroke recurrence and poor functional outcomes in patients with ischemic stroke
AbstractObjectiveTo evaluate the association between serum 25(OH) D levels and functional outcome and stroke recurrence events in a 6-month follow-up study in a cohort of patients with an acute ischemic stroke (AIS).MethodsFrom March 2014 to August 2015, consecutive first-ever AIS patients admitted to the Department of Emergency of our hospital were identified. Serum 25(OH) D levels were measured at admission. Functional outcome was evaluated at 6-month using the modified Rankin scale (m-Rankin). We used logistic regression models to assess the relationship between 25(OH) levels and risk of recurrent stroke or functional o...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 26, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Iberian cured-ham consumption improves endothelial function in healthy subjects
ConclusionThe present study demonstrates, for the first time, that regular consumption of ICH improves endothelial function in healthy adults. Strategies aimed to preserve or improve the endothelial function may have implications in vascular aging beyond the prevention of the atherothrombotic disease. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 26, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Physical performance and serum 25(OH)vitamin D status in community dwelling old mobility limited adults: A cross-sectional study
AbstractObjectivesTo examine the potential association between serum 25(OH) vitamin D and the performance on the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) including the sub-components; five repeated chair stands test, 4 meters walk test and balance in older mobility-limited community-dwelling men and women.DesignA cross sectional study was performed in American and Swedish subjects who were examined for potential participation in a combined exercise and nutrition intervention trial. Logistic regression analysis and linear regression analyses were performed to evaluate the association for 25(OH)D with the overall score on t...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 26, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Erratum to: Building bridges for innovation in ageing: Synergies between action groups of the EIP on AHA
AbstractThe authors would like to change and use the correct name of M. Khaitov which is M. Kaitov on this manuscript. The authors have incorrectly used her other name during the finalization of this research.With this, the authors hereby publish the correct author names as presented above. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 23, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dairy intakes in older Irish adults and effects on vitamin micronutrient status: Data from the TUDA study
AbstractBackgroundConsumption of dairy products has been associated with positive health outcomes including a lower risk of hypertension, improved bone health and a reduction in the risk of type 2 diabetes. The suggested dairy intake for health in older adults is three servings per day but recent analysis of the NHANES data for older adults reported 98% were not meeting these recommendations. No studies have investigated the consequences of such declines in the dairy intakes of Irish older adults and the subsequent effects on vitamin micronutrient status.ObjectivesTo study the daily dairy intakes of older Irish adults and ...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 18, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Prospective associations of low muscle mass and function with 10-year falls risk, incident fracture and mortality in community-dwelling older adults
ConclusionsLow handgrip strength, a simple and inexpensive test could be considered in clinical settings for identifying future falls and fractures. ALM/ body mass index could be most suitable in estimating 10-year mortality risk, but requires specialised equipment. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 18, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Cut-off points for muscle mass — not grip strength or gait speed — determine variations in sarcopenia prevalence
ConclusionThe cut-off points used for muscle mass affect the reported prevalence rates for sarcopenia and, in turn, affect comparability between studies. The main factors influencing the magnitude of the change are muscle mass index distribution in the population and the absolute value of the cut-off points: the same difference between two references (e.g., 7.5 kg/m2 to 7.75 kg/m2 or 7.75 kg/m2 to 8 kg/m2) may produce different changes in prevalence. Changes in cut-off points for gait speed and grip strength had a limited impact on sarcopenia prevalence and on study comparability. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 18, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Relationship between total fruit and vegetable intake and self-reported knee pain in older adults
ConclusionsIn conclusion, severe knee pain was independently associated with fruit and vegetable consumption. Our findings suggest that intake of whole fruits and vegetables may help improve knee pain in older adults. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 16, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Bone degeneration and its recovery in SMP30/GNL-knockout mice
AbstractSenescence marker protein-30 (SMP30) decreases androgen-independently with aging and is a lactone-hydrolyzing enzyme gluconolactonase (GNL) that is involved in vitamin C biosynthesis. In the present study, bone properties of SMP30/GNL knockout (KO) mice with deficiency in vitamin C synthesis were investigated to reveal the effects of SMP30/GNL and exogenous vitamin C supplementation on bone formation. Mineral content (BMC) and mineral density (BMD) of the mandible and femur of SMP30/GNL KO and wildtype mice at 2 and 3 months of age with or without vitamin C supplementation were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorpt...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 12, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Racial differences in misclassification of healthy eating based on food frequency questionnaire and 24-hour dietary recalls
AbstractObjectivesTo examine the agreement in nutrient intake and alternate healthy eating indices (AHEI) between a self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recall (24HR) measurements of diet by race, among urban older women.DesignCross-sectional observational studySettingUrban neighborhoods in Washington, DC, USA.ParticipantsCommunity-dwelling White and Black women aged 65 and older.MeasurementsIn 2014 and 2015, 49 White and 44 Black older women were queried on diet using both FFQ and 24-hour recalls. The correlation coefficients of 55 nutrient intake measures and agreements on healthy eating class...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 8, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The impact of multimorbidity on resting metabolic rate in community-dwelling women over a ten-year period: A cross-sectional and longitudinal study
ConclusionIncreasing multimorbidity in community-dwelling women is associated with an increase in RMR independently of body composition and age. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 8, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Relationship between sensory perception and frailty in a community-dwelling elderly population
ConclusionsTaste and smell perception, particularly taste perception, were associated with a greater risk of frailty in communitydwelling elderly people. These results suggest that lower taste and smell perception may be an indicator of frailty in old age. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 7, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Changes in nutritional and functional status in longer stay patients admitted to a Geriatric Evaluation and Management unit
This study examined changes in nutritional status, function and mobility in patients admitted to a Geriatric Evaluation and Management (GEM) unit who had a length of stay (LOS) longer than 21 days.DesignA prospective, observational study. Setting: Two GEM units at St Vincent ’s Hospital Melbourne, Australia.ParticipantsPatients admitted to the GEM units who stayed longer than 21 days were included in the study.MeasurementsPatients were assessed on admission and prior to discharge using the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Functional Independence Measure (FIM) motor domain and the Modified Elderly Mobility Scale (M...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 7, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The influence of age on the BMI and all-cause mortality association: A meta-analysis
AbstractObjectivesTo assess BMI range with the lowest mortality for those aged65 years, utilising cohort studies that spanned the entire adult age range.DesignA two-stage random effects meta-analysis of studies that reported mortality in cohorts both ≥65 years and
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 7, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Racial differences in eating patterns and food purchasing behaviors among urban older women
AbstractObjectiveTo examine differences in diet and food purchasing behaviors between Black and White older women living in urban neighborhoods.DesignCross-sectional observational study. Setting: Urban neighborhoods in Washington, DC, USA.ParticipantsCommunity-dwelling White and Black women of age 65 and older.MeasurementsParticipants were queried on diet via 24-hour recalls, food purchasing habits, their use of neighborhood resources and local travel patterns. Frequency and location of self-reported food purchasing and consumption were compared by race.ResultsIn 2014 and 2015, 49 White and 44 Black older women were enroll...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 5, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Erratum to: Effect of a Mediterranean type diet on inflammatory and cartilage degradation biomarkers in patients with osteoarthritis
(Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 5, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Associations between physical activity and cognitive functioning among middle-aged and older adults
ConclusionOverall, the prevalence of inactivity was high, especially among people with SCD. These findings suggest a need to increase activity among middle-aged and older adults, particularly those with SCD who receive care. Examining ways to increase walking, potentially by involving informal caregivers, could be a promising way for people with SCD to reduce inactivity and gain the health benefits associated with meeting physical activity guidelines. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 2, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Predictors of frailty in old age –results of a longitudinal study
ConclusionOur findings highlight the role of aging as well as the occurrence of dementia and depression for frailty. Specifically, in order to delay frailty in old age, developing interventional strategies to prevent depression might be a fruitful approach. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutritional and functional status in geriatric day hospital patients –MNA short form versus full MNA
ConclusionThe high prevalence of risk of malnutrition and the observed association between functional status and nutritional status according to full MNA call for routine nutritional screening using this tool in geriatric day hospital patients. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Is the ergogenicity of caffeine affected by increasing age? The direct effect of a physiological concentration of caffeine on the power output of maximally stimulated edl and diaphragm muscle isolated from the mouse
ConclusionUniquely, the present findings indicate a reduced age specific sensitivity to the performance enhancing effect of caffeine in developmental and aged mice which is likely to be attributed to age related muscle growth and degradation, respectively. Importantly, the findings indicate that caffeine may still provide a substantial ergogenic aid in older populations which could prove important for improving functional capacity in tasks of daily living. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - October 26, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Malnutrition in hospitalised older adults: A multicentre observational study of prevalence, associations and outcomes
AbstractBackgroundMalnutrition is common in older adults and is associated with high costs and adverse outcomes. The prevalence, predictors and outcomes of malnutrition on admission to hospital are not clear for this population.DesignProspective Cohort Study.SettingSix hospital sites (five public, one private).ParticipantsIn total, 606 older adults aged 70+ were included. All elective and acute admissions to any speciality were eligible. Day-case admissions and those moribund on admission were excluded.MeasurementsSociodemographic and clinical data, including nutritional status (Mini-Nutritional Assessment –short for...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - October 26, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Hip fractures in older patients: Trajectories of disability after surgery
ConclusionsThree disability trajectories were identified from hospital admission until one-year follow-up in acutely hospitalized older patients after hip fracture. Most patients had substantial functional decline and 27% of the patient ’s deceased one-year post-discharge, mainly patients in the ‘moderate’- ‘and severe’ disability trajectories. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - October 25, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Blood pressure is associated with tea consumption: A cross-sectional study in a rural, elderly population of Jiangsu China
ConclusionHabitual tea consumption was found to be associated with lower values of components of BP and a reduced likelihood of having hypertension in older adults. Given the widespread consumption of tea throughout China and the world, together with the major cardiovascular disease risk, our findings have important implications for human health. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - October 24, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Are dietary supplements and nutraceuticals effective for musculoskeletal health and cognitive function? A scoping review
ConclusionThis scoping review showed that selected micronutrients in adequate doses might have an ancillary role in musculoskeletal health and cognitive functions in older people. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - October 22, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Vitamin D status and prevalent early age-related macular degeneration in African Americans and Caucasians: The atherosclerosis risk in communities (ARIC) study
AbstractObjectivesVitamin D status has been hypothesized to protect against development of early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) via its anti-inflammatory properties and its possible beneficial influence on blood pressure control. We investigated the association between vitamin D status and prevalent early AMD in a community-based cohort.DesignThis was a cross-sectional study.SettingThis was a secondary data analysis of already existing data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (ARIC) cohort collected from 1990 to 1995.ParticipantsThere were 9,734 (7,779 Caucasians, 1,955 African American) ARIC partici...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - October 22, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association between satisfaction with state of health and meals, physical condition and food diversity, health behavior, and perceptions of shopping difficulty among older people living alone in Japan
ConclusionThe study found that older people ’s assessment of their shopping difficulty was related to satisfaction aspects, including a subjective feeling of poor health, and lack of satisfaction with meals, as well as physical condition. These have a greater influence on shopping difficulty than income in both sexes, and proximity to a sup ermarket in women. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - October 22, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Trajectories of nutritional risk: The Manitoba follow-up study
AbstractObjectivesTo identify patterns of nutritional risk among older men over a four-year period and to project their survival rates over the next two and a half years.DesignA prospective longitudinal study.SettingCanada.ParticipantsThree hundred and thirty-six male survivors of the Manitoba Follow-up Study (MFUS) cohort with an average age of 90 years in 2011.MeasurementsFour years of nutritional risk SCREEN II scores (five waves) from the male survivors of the MFUS cohort. The semi-parametric group-based trajectory approach and survival analysis were used to investigate the trajectories of nutritional risk.ResultsOf th...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - October 22, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Efficacy of a disease-specific nutritional support for pressure ulcer healing: A systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionThis systematic review shows that the use of formulas enriched with arginine, zinc and antioxidants as oral supplements and tube feeds for at least 8 weeks are associated with improved PU healing compared with standard formulas. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - October 22, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Cognitive frailty in italian community-dwelling older adults: Prevalence rate and its association with disability
AbstractCognitive frailty is the simultaneous clinical manifestation of both physical frailty and cognitive impairment. This paper aimed to propose and test an operational definition of cognitive frailty. The following specific aims were pursued: (i) to rate the prevalence of cognitive frailty; (ii) to evaluate differences in cognitive functioning among robust, pre-frail, and frail individuals; (iii) to examine the association of cognitive frailty with disability, in a sample of Italian community-dwelling older adults. Five hundred and ninety-four older adults (mean age 73.6 years, SD=5.8) were involved in this cross-secti...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - October 22, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect on body weight, quality of life and appetite following individualized, nutritional counselling to home-living elderly after rehabilitation –An open randomized trial
ConclusionAn individually-adapted nutritional counselling did not improve body mass among elderly patients 3 months after discharge from a rehabilitation institution. Neither quality of life nor appetite measures were improved. Possibly, nutritional counselling should be accompanied with nutritional supplementation to be effective in this vulnerable group of elderly. The trial is registered in Clinical Trials (ID: NCT01632072). (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - October 22, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Vitamin D status and the risk of recurrent stroke and mortality in ischemic stroke patients: Data from a 24-month follow-up study in China
In this study, we determined serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH) D] levels in serum, and investigated their associations with risk of recurrent stroke and mortality in a 24-month follow up study in Chinese patients with first-ever ischemic stroke.MethodsIn this preplanned post hoc analysis, serum levels of 25(OH) D and NIH stroke scale (NIHSS) were measured at the time of admission in a cohort of patients with ischemic stroke. We used logistic regression model to assess the relationship between 25(OH) D levels and risk recurrent stroke or mortality.ResultsThe follow-up rate was 98.2% in 220 stroke patients. Of 216 patients, ...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - October 13, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research