Cognitive function in a middle aged cohort is related to higher quality dietary pattern 5 and 25 years earlier: The cardia study
Conclusions A higher quality dietary pattern was associated with better cognitive function 5 years and even 25 years later in apparently healthy middle-aged adults. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 1, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutritional status of an elderly population in Southwest China: A cross-sectional study based on comprehensive geriatric assessment
Conclusions The prevalence was relatively low in older people of Chongqing, Southwest China. Poor nutrition was found to be increased due to the common health problems. Thus the patients with these problems should pay more attention on nutritional status. The older people should often have fish because of their nutritional benefit. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 1, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Twelve-month consumption of a polyphenol extract from olive ( Olea europaea ) in a double blind, randomized trial increases serum total osteocalcin levels and improves serum lipid profiles in postmenopausal women with osteopenia
Conclusion This exploratory study supports preclinical observations and warrants further research by showing that a specific olive polyphenol extract (Bonolive®) affects serum osteocalcin levels and may stabilize lumbar spine BMD. Moreover, the improved blood lipid profiles suggest additional health benefits associated to the intake of the olive polyphenol extract. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 1, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Cognitive impairment, genomic instability and trace elements
Abstract Cognitive impairments are often related to aging and micronutrient deficiencies. Various essential micronutrients in the diet are involved in age-altered biological functions such as, zinc, copper, iron, and selenium that play pivotal roles either in maintaining and reinforcing the antioxidant performances or in affecting the complex network of genes (nutrigenomic approach) involved in encoding proteins for biological functions. Genomic stability is one of the leading causes of cognitive decline and deficiencies or excess in trace elements are two of the factors relating to it. In this review, we report ...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 1, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Evaluating the effectiveness of implementing quality management practices in the medical industry
Conclusions Top management can implement the V-shaped performance matrix to determine whether quality management practices need improvement and if so, utilize QFD to find the key factors for improvement. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - January 1, 2015 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of protein source during weight loss on body composition, cardiometabolic risk and physical performance in abdominally obese, older adults: A pilot feeding study
Conclusions Data presented here suggest that a 12-week weight loss intervention, which incorporates S and NS meal replacement products, is associated with clinically significant weight loss and improvements in several parameters of cardiometabolic risk and unchanged physical function and strength. Results do not differ by protein source and suggest that soy protein is at least as good as other protein sources for weight loss during low-calorie dietary interventions in older adults. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 22, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Weight loss, mortality and associated potentially modifiable nutritional risk factors among nursing home residents — A Danish follow-up study
Conclusion A high percentage of old nursing home residents suffer from weight loss and this is associated with several potentially modifiable nutritional risk factors. Increased combined efforts from all levels of care and wider ranged multidisciplinary nutritional support need to be implemented. Regular routines for assessing weight loss and the potentially modifiable nutritional risk factors cannot be stressed enough. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 22, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Adipokine pathways are altered in hippocampus of an experimental mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease
Abstract A growing body of evidence suggests that β-amyloid peptides (Aβ) are unlikely to be the only factor involved in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) aetiology. In fact, a strong correlation has been established between AD patients and patients with type 2 diabetes and/or cholesterol metabolism alterations. In addition, a link between adipose tissue metabolism, leptin signalling in particular, and AD has also been demonstrated. In the present study we analyzed the expression of molecules related to metabolism, with the main focus on leptin and prolactin signalling pathways in an APPswe/PS1dE9 (APP/PS1)...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 19, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Bilberry extract supplementation for preventing eye fatigue in video display terminal workers
Abstract Objectives To examine the effect of a dietary supplement containing bilberry extract (BE) on eye fatigue induced by acute video display terminal (VDT) loads. Design and setting A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was performed from August 2012 to February 2013 in the Medical Corporation Jico-kai Yagi Hospital, and the Shinyokohama Shinoharaguchi Orthopedic Surgery and Dermatology Clinic, in Japan. Participants Two hundred eighty-one office workers aged 20–40 years that u...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 19, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Social and economic correlates of malnutrition in Polish elderly population: The results of PolSenior study
Abstract Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of malnutrition in Polish elderly population and analyse its social and economic correlates based on the data from the PolSenior project, the first large-scale study of a representative group of Polish seniors. Design A cross-sectional population-based study. Setting All territorial provinces in Poland. Participants 4482 community-dwelling respondents aged 65 years or above (women: n=2142, age=79.0&plusm...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 16, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Physical function decline and degradation of postural sway dynamics in asymptomatic sedentary postmenopausal women
Conclusion Lower physical function was found to be associated with lower postural sway complexity (higher regularity and predictability) in asymptomatic sedentary postmenopausal women, especially in the absence of vision. Future work is needed to determine whether a decrease in postural sway complexity could predict future decline in physical function in these women. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 16, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A cross sectional study of the association between walnut consumption and cognitive function among adult us populations represented in NHANES
Abstract Objective To examine the association between walnut consumption and measures of cognitive function in the US population. Design Nationally representative cross sectional study using 24 hour dietary recalls of intakes to assess walnut and other nut consumption as compared to the group reporting no nut consumption. Setting 1988–1994 and 1999–2002 rounds of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Population Representative weighted samp...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 16, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Prognostic factors of long-term survival in geriatric inpatients. Should we change the recommendations for the oldest people?
Abstract Objectives Identification of optimal predictors of the 5.5-year survival in former geriatric inpatients.Investigation of the direction and shape of the relationship between mortality risk and its predictors. Design Retrospective survival analysis with the application of the Cox proportional hazards model. Setting Teaching geriatric unit. Participants 478 inpatients (mean age 77.9; +6.8) discharged from geriatric ward during year 2008, without any exclusion criteria. ...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 16, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Frailty and nutrition: Searching for evidence
Abstract Frailty is a geriatric syndrome that predicts disability, morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Poor nutritional status is one of the main risk factors for frailty. Macronutrients and micronutrients deficiencies are associated with frailty. Recent studies suggest that improving nutritional status for macronutrients and micronutrients may reduce the risk of frailty. Specific diets such as the Mediterranean diet rich in anti-oxidants, is currently investigated in the prevention of frailty. The aim of this paper is to summarize the current body of knowledge on the relations between nutrition and frailty, a...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 10, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Tailored nutritional guidance for home-dwelling AD families: The feasibility of and elements promoting positive changes in diet (NuAD-trial)
Conclusions Assessment-based, tailored nutritional guidance implemented with a personal and positive approach may inspire and empower AD families to make positive changes in their diets, leading them to improved nutrition and quality of life. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 10, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Coffee, tea, and caffeine consumption and prevention of late-life cognitive decline and dementia: A systematic review
Abstract A prolonged preclinical phase of more than two decades before the onset of dementia suggested that initial brain changes of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and the symptoms of advanced AD may represent a unique continuum. Given the very limited therapeutic value of drugs currently used in the treatment of AD and dementia, preventing or postponing the onset of AD and delaying or slowing its progression are becoming mandatory. Among possible reversible risk factors of dementia and AD, vascular, metabolic, and lifestyle-related factors were associated with the development of dementia and late-life cognitive d...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 5, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Systematic review of strengths and limitations of Randomized Controlled Trials for non-pharmacological interventions in mild cognitive impairment: Focus on Alzheimer’s disease
Conclusions The role for non-pharmacological interventions targeting MCI is promising. Future studies of RCTs for non-pharmacological interventions targeting MCI related to AD may benefit by addressing design limitations. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 5, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Addressing the bias problem in the assessment of the quality of life of patients with dementia: Determinants of the accuracy and precision of the proxy ratings
Conclusions Differences exist between patients and caregivers’ perceptions about subjective states. The evaluations of each informant seem to be influenced by their own emotional state and the inner experience of the effects of the disease. Caregivers’ ratings on DEMQOL could be useful to monitor the efficacy of any treatment whenever burden is low and patients have no great physical or emotional suffering. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 5, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Considerations in selection of diet assessment methods for examining the effect of nutrition on cognition
Abstract Older adults are the most rapidly growing age group in the United States, and it is estimated that 22.2% of U.S. adults over 71 years of age have cognitive impairments without dementia and 13.9% have dementia. Cognitive impairment is associated with reduced quality of life, increased risk of hospitalization, inability to live independently, and increased health care costs; therefore, identification of modifiable risk factors for prevention and delay of cognitive decline is of increasing importance. There is a growing body of research and interest in the relationship between diet and cognitive function. Ep...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 5, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary patterns and incidence of depression in a cohort of community-dwelling older Canadians
Conclusion Among healthy older adults, dietary patterns do not appear to be related to depression. Those who eat less, however, possibly reflecting declining health, are at higher risk of becoming depressed. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 4, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of leucine-rich protein supplements on anthropometric parameter and muscle strength in the elderly: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusions It is concluded that leucine supplementation was found to exert beneficial effects on body weight, body mass index, and lean body mass in older persons in those subjects already prone to sarcopenia, but not muscle strength. However, due to the heterogeneity between the trials included in this systematic review, further studies adopting a homogenous design with respect to participant characteristics duration as well as the kind and amount of daily supplement in use are required. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 2, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Comparisons of sarcopenia prevalence based on different diagnostic criteria in Chinese older adults
In conclusion, the prevalence of sarcopenia in Chinese older adults ranged from 0% to around 10% when the diagnostic criteria of IGWS, EWGSOP and AGWS were applied. Further studies are still needed to investigate appropriate diagnostic criterion of sarcopenia for Chinese population. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 2, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Walking and psychomotor speed in the elderly: Concordance, correlates and prediction of death
Conclusion WS and TMT-A speed could be considered as two different dimensions of age-related slowness, but both performances were associated with higher risk of mortality. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 2, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Inverse association between dietary habits with high total antioxidant capacity and prevalence of frailty among elderly Japanese women: A multicenter cross-sectional study
Conclusions Dietary habits with high TAC showed a stronger inverse association with frailty in elderly Japanese women than the individual foods examined. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 1, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Compositional dynamics of the human intestinal microbiota with aging: Implications for health
Abstract The human gut contains trillions of microbes which form an essential part of the complex ecosystem of the host. This microbiota is relatively stable throughout adult life, but may fluctuate over time with aging and disease. The gut microbiota serves a number of functions including roles in energy provision, nutrition and also in the maintenance of host health such as protection against pathogens. This review summarizes the age-related changes in the microbiota of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and the link between the gut microbiota in health and disease. Understanding the composition and function of t...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 1, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Epigenetic nutraceutical diets in Alzheimer’s disease
Abstract There is growing support that environmental influences and individual genetic susceptibility may increase the incidence and accelerate the onset of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Epigenetic mechanisms encompass a complex regulatory network of modifications with considerable impact on health and disease risk. Abnormal epigenetic regulation is a hallmark in many pathological conditions including AD. It is well recognized that numerous bioactive dietary components mediate epigenetic modifications associated with the pathophysiology of several diseases. Although the influences of dietary factors on epigenet...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 1, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A review of the effects of dietary silicon intake on bone homeostasis and regeneration
Conclusion Results showed a positive relationship between dietary Si intake and bone regeneration. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 1, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The association of neighborhood characteristics with obesity and metabolic conditions in older women
Abstract Objective Previous studies exploring the relationship of neighborhood characteristics with metabolic conditions have focused on middle-aged adults but none have comprehensively investigated associations in older adults, a potentially vulnerable population. The aim was to explore the relationship of neighborhood characteristics with metabolic conditions in older women. Design Cross-sectional analysis. Setting/Participants We studied 384 women aged 70–79 years, representing the two-thirds le...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 1, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Seven-year predictors of self-rated health and life satisfaction in the elderly: The proof study
Abstract Objectives To investigate the relationship between cognitive performance, affective state, metabolic syndrome and 7-year follow-up self-rated health (SRH) and perceived life satisfaction (PLS). Design Analysis of a prospective cohort study. Setting The PROOF study, including 1011 elderly community residents. Participants Six hundred and fifty seven subjects completed metabolic syndrome (Met S) variables, neuropsychological and affective measurements at...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 1, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A positive association between stroke risk and sarcopenia in men aged ≥ 50 years, but not women: Results from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008–2010
We examined whether sarcopenia was positively associated with the prevalence of CVDs, including angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and stroke, in adults of each gender aged>50 years, independent of other covariates and possible confounders. Methods and results This cross-sectional study included 3,009 men and 4,199 women aged>50 years who participated in the 2008–2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Sarcopenia was defined as appendicular skeletal muscle mass/body weight
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 1, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Long-term intermittent glutamine supplementation repairs intestinal damage (structure and functional mass) with advanced age: Assessment with plasma citrulline in a rodent model
Conclusion Citrulline appears as a biomarker of enterocyte mass in villous atrophy associated with advanced age. Non-invasive measurement of this metabolite may be useful in following the state of the gastrointestinal tract in very old people, whose numbers are increasing worldwide and the care of whom is a major public health issue. The gut may contribute to the malnutrition caused by malabsorption frequently observed in the elderly. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 1, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Influence of living situation on vulnerable elderly: Focus on nutritional status
Conclusion Screening and assessment of nutritional status and prevention interventions should be considered in SHA settings. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 1, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Validity and reliability of the Katz-15 scale to measure unfavorable health outcomes in community-dwelling older people
Conclusion The results of our study indicate that the Katz-15 scale is able to reliably and validly predict future unfavorable health outcomes. This makes the scale a valuable measure in determining both basic and instrumental activities of daily living (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 1, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Skeletal muscle ceramide species in men with abdominal obesity
Abstract Introduction: Background Obesity is a risk factor for diabetes and its consequences, including accelerated ageing and mortality. The underlying factor could be accumulation of certain lipid moieties, such as ceramides (CER) and diacylgycerol (DAG) within muscle tissue, which are known to promote insulin resistance (IR), induce inflammation and oxidative injury, ultimately altering muscle function. Aim First, to study the relationship between body composition and age (independent variables) with skeletal muscle accumulation of lipid species, oxid...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 25, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Subjective sleep and cognitive complaints in 65 year old subjects: A significant association. the PROOF cohort
Conclusion There was a significant association between subjective cognitive and sleep complaints, and daytime sleepiness in our population of older people. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 25, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association of low 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels with the frailty syndrome in an aged population: Results from the KORA-Age Augsburg study
Abstract Objectives Older adults often suffer from vitamin D deficiency and from the frailty syndrome charac-terized by different physical limitations, complicating independent everyday life. Previous studies have suggested a relationship between vitamin D status and the frailty syndrome, but results have been partly inconsistent, particularly regarding the shape of the association. Therefore, our aim was to further assess the association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) serum levels and frailty in older participants. Design Cross-sectional population-ba...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 21, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Providing instrumental social support is more beneficial to reduce mortality risk among the elderly with low educational level in Taiwan: A 12-year follow-up national longitudinal study
Conclusions Providing instrumental social support to others confer benefits to the giver and prolong life expectancy among the elderly with low educational levels. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 15, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Comprehensive nutritional status in sarco-osteoporotic older fallers
Abstract Objectives In older persons, the combination of osteoporosis and sarcopenia has been proposed as a subset of frailer individuals at higher risk of falls and fractures. However, the particular nutritional status of the sarco-osteoporotic (SOP) patients remains unknown. The goal of this study was to obtain a comprehensive picture of nutritional status in SOP patients. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Falls & Fractures Clinic, Nepean Hospital (Penrith, Australia). Partic...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 14, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Compliance of nursing home residents with a nutrient- and energy-dense oral nutritional supplement determines effects on nutritional status
This study aimed to analyse the effects of compliance of NH residents with a low-volume, nutrientand energy-dense ONS on nutritional status and to identify residents’ characteristics associated with compliance. Design & Setting Randomized, controlled trial in nursing homes. Participants & Intervention 87 nursing home residents (87±6y, 91% female) with malnutrition or at risk of malnutrition were randomly allocated to an intervention group (IG) receiving 2×125 ml ONS (2.4 kcal/ml)/d for 12 weeks, or the control group (...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 14, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Cognitive aspects of frailty: Mechanisms behind the link between frailty and cognitive impairment
Abstract Whereas physical impairment is the main hallmark of frailty, evidence suggests that other dimensions, such as psychological, cognitive and social factors also contribute to this multidimensional condition. Cognition is now considered a relevant domain of frailty. Cognitive and physical frailty interact: cognitive problems and dementia are more prevalent in physically frail individuals, and those with cognitive impairment are more prone to become frail. Disentangling the relationship between cognition and frailty may lead to new intervention strategies for the prevention and treatment of both conditions. B...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 6, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutrient patterns and brain biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease in cognitively normal individuals
This study identifies nutrient patterns associated with major brain AD biomarkers in a cohort of clinically and cognitively normal (NL) individuals at risk for AD. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Manhattan (broader area). Participants Fifty-two NL individuals (age 54+12 y, 70% women, Clinical Dementia Rating=0, MMSE>27, neuropsychological test performance within norms by age and education) with complete dietary information and cross-sectional, 3D T1-weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI; gray ...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 5, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Higher levels of physical fitness are associated with a reduced risk of suffering sarcopenic obesity and better perceived health among the elderly. The EXERNET multi-center study
Abstract Objective To evaluate the associations between physical fitness levels, health related quality of life (HRQoL) and sarcopenic obesity (SO) and to analyze the usefulness of several physical fitness tests as a screening tool for detecting elderly people with an increased risk of suffering SO. Design Cross-sectional analysis of a population-based sample. Setting Non-institutionalized Spanish elderly participating in the EXERNET multi-centre study. Participants 2747 elde...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 5, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Influence of anti-VEGF about cardiovascular biomarkers in age related macular degeneration
The objective of the current study was to analyze the effect of anti-VEGF therapy on cardiovascular risk factors in patients with exudative age related macular degeneration. A total of 73 patients with exudative age related macular degeneration (without previous anti-VEGF therapy) were treated with two anti-VEGF: Ranibizumab and Pegaptanib sodium. The follow up was 6 months. The following parameters were determined before and after treatment: homocysteine, lipids (total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-c, LDL-c), C-Reactive Protein and fibrinogen. There were not statistically significant differences in parameters studied be...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 5, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form and mortality in nursing home residents — Results from the INCUR study
Abstract Objectives To examine whether the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) score and its individual items are predictors of mortality in a nursing home population. Design Prospective, secondary analysis from the Incidence of pNeumonia and related ConseqUences in nursing home Residents (INCUR) study with 1-year follow-up. Participants A total of 773 older persons (women 74.4%) living in 13 French nursing homes. Measurements At baseline, nutritional status was a...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 5, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Do calcium supplements increase serum and urine calcium levels in post-menopausal women?
Abstract Objectives The frequent prescription of calcium supplements with vitamin D by health practitioners is a topic of concern globally. The present study was designed to find out whether the calcium supplements with vitamin D really affect serum and urinary calcium levels in post-menopausal women. Design, Settings & Participants The age-matched comparative study was performed among postmenopausal women who were already on and those who were not on calcium supplements with vitamin D for a period of time in relation to the estimation of the serum c...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 5, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A review of the relationship between leg power and selected chronic disease in older adults
Conclusions Studies suggest that osteoarthritis, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease are associated with lower leg power compared to older adults without these conditions. These studies are limited, however, by the heterogeneity in study populations and a lack of standardized measurements of leg power. Future larger studies of more diverse older adults with well-defined chronic disease using standard measures of leg power and interventions to improve leg power in these older adults with chronic disease are needed. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 3, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy versus nasogastric feeding in older individuals with non-stroke dysphagia: A systematic review
Conclusion Firm conclusions could not be derived on whether PEG feeding is beneficial over NG feeding in older persons with non-stroke dysphagia, as previously published literature were unclear or had a high risk of bias. A well-designed and adequately powered RCT, which includes carer strain and quality of life as outcome measures is therefore urgently needed. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 3, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Evaluation of a pilot volunteer feeding assistance program: Influences on the dietary intakes of elderly hospitalised patients and lessons learnt
Conclusion Although not statistically significant, energy and macronutrient intakes increased when volunteers were present. The implementation of a volunteer feeding assistance program is one strategy to assist dietary intakes but requires a ready team of volunteers, training, acceptance and significant time to develop. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 3, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Prevalence of iodine intake inadequacy in elderly Brazilian women. A cross-sectional study
Conclusion We concluded that high prevalence of iodine intake inadequacy was present in this group of elderly women living in a region of Brazil considered to be iodine-sufficient. (Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging)
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 3, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Cobalamin deficiency in the elderly: Aetiology and management. A study of 125 patients in a geriatric hospital
Abstract Introduction Cobalamin deficiency is frequent in elderly patients and the main aetiologies are foodcobalamin malabsorption and pernicious anaemia. The aim of our retrospective study was to identify the causes and methods of management of cobalamin deficiency at Nice geriatric university hospital. Methods A retrospective monocentric study was conducted over 14 months at Nice geriatric hospital, which included patients with cobalamin deficiency having received supplementation. The clinical and paraclinical data, etiological diagnosis, treatment an...
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - November 3, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research