Molecular xenomonitoring for post-validation surveillance of lymphatic filariasis in Togo: no evidence for active transmission
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a mosquito-borne filarial disease targeted for elimination by the year 2020. The Republic of Togo undertook mass treatment of entire endemic communities from 2000 to 2009 to elimin... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 23, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Monique A. Dorkenoo, Dziedzom K. de Souza, Yao Apetogbo, Komla Oboussoumi, Degninou Yehadji, Maw èke Tchalim, Santrao Etassoli, Benjamin Koudou, Guillaume K. Ketoh, Yao Sodahlon, Moses J. Bockarie and Daniel A. Boakye Tags: Research Source Type: research

Diagnostic tools in childhood malaria
Every year, millions of people are burdened with malaria. An estimated 429,000 casualties were reported in 2015, with the majority made up of children under five years old. Early and accurate diagnosis of mala... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 23, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Amirah Amir, Fei-Wen Cheong, Jeremy R. De Silva and Yee-Ling Lau Tags: Review Source Type: research

Can artificial tears prevent Acanthamoeba keratitis? An in vitro approach
The use of contact lenses has increased in recent years as has the incidence of Dry Eye Syndrome, partly due to their use. Artificial tears are the most common treatment option. Since these changes can facilit... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 22, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Angela Magnet, Thiago Santos Gomes, Carmen Pardinas, Natalia Garcia de Blas, Cruz Sadaba, Eugenia Carrillo, Fernando Izquierdo, Jos é Manuel Benítez del Castillo, Carolina Hurtado, Carmen del Aguila and Soledad Fenoy Tags: Research Source Type: research

Insecticide resistance and target site mutations (G119S ace-1 and L1014F kdr) of Culex pipiens in Morocco
Control of the mosquito vector Culex pipiens with insecticides is the main way to control arboviruses that the species can transmit such as West Nile virus (WNV) and Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV). However, its e... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 22, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Fatim-Zohra Tmimi, Chafika Faraj, Meriem Bkhache, Khadija Mounaji, Anna-Bella Failloux and M ’hammed Sarih Tags: Research Source Type: research

Comparative genomics analysis of triatomines reveals common first line and inducible immunity-related genes and the absence of Imd canonical components among hemimetabolous arthropods
Insects operate complex humoral and cellular immune strategies to fend against invading microorganisms. The majority of these have been characterized in Drosophila and other dipterans. Information on hemipterans,... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 22, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Federico Alonso Zumaya-Estrada, Jes ús Martínez-Barnetche, Andrés Lavore, Rolando Rivera-Pomar and Mario Henry Rodríguez Tags: Research Source Type: research

Size and sequence polymorphisms in the glutamate-rich protein gene of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum in Thailand
The glutamate-rich protein (GLURP) of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum is a key surface antigen that serves as a component of a clinical vaccine. Moreover, the GLURP gene is also employed routinely as a... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 22, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sittiporn Pattaradilokrat, Chawinya Trakoolsoontorn, Phumin Simpalipan, Natapot Warrit, Morakot Kaewthamasorn and Pongchai Harnyuttanakorn Tags: Research Source Type: research

Inclusion of edaphic predictors for enhancement of models to determine distribution of soil-transmitted helminths: the case of Zimbabwe
Reliable mapping of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) parasites requires rigorous statistical and machine learning algorithms capable of integrating the combined influence of several determinants to predict dist... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 19, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nicholas Midzi, Blessing Kavhu, Portia Manangazira, Isaac Phiri, Susan L. Mutambu, Cremants Tshuma, Moses J. Chimbari, Shungu Munyati, Stanely M. Midzi, Lincon Charimari, Anatoria Ncube, Masceline J. Mutsaka-Makuvaza, White Soko, Emmanuel Madzima, Gibson Tags: Research Source Type: research

High parasite burden increases the surfacing and mortality of the manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) in intertidal sandy mudflats on the west coast of Korea during hot summer
Over the past few decades, mass mortality events of Manila clams have been reported from several tidal flats on the west coast of Korea during hot summers. During such mortality events, once clams simultaneous... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 18, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ki-Woong Nam, Hee-Do Jeung, Jae-Hee Song, Kwan-Ha Park, Kwang-Sik Choi and Kyung-Il Park Tags: Research Source Type: research

Establishment of an in vitro chicken epithelial cell line model to investigate Eimeria tenella gamete development
Eimeria tenella infection leads to acute intestinal disorders responsible for important economic losses in poultry farming worldwide. The life-cycle of E. tenella is monoxenous with the chicken as the exclusive h... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 18, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Fran çoise I. Bussière, Alisson Niepceron, Alix Sausset, Evelyne Esnault, Anne Silvestre, Robert A. Walker, Nicholas C. Smith, Pascale Quéré and Fabrice Laurent Tags: Short report Source Type: research

A reverse vaccinology approach to the identification and characterization of Ctenocephalides felis candidate protective antigens for the control of cat flea infestations
Despite the abundance of the domestic cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis (Bouch é, 1835) and disease risks associated with them, flea control is difficult and requires the development of new control interventions suc... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 18, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Marinela Contreras, Margarita Villar, Sara Artigas-Jer ónimo, Lidiia Kornieieva, Sergіі Mуtrofanov and José de la Fuente Tags: Research Source Type: research

Detection and dissemination of Toxoplasma gondii in experimentally infected calves, a single test does not tell the whole story
Although the detection of Toxoplasma gondii in bovine tissues is rare, beef might be an important source of human infection. The use of molecular techniques, such as magnetic capture qPCR (MC-qPCR), in combinatio... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 18, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Alison Burrells, Alessandra Taroda, Marieke Opsteegh, Gereon Schares, Julio Benavides, Cecile Dam-Deisz, Paul M. Bartley, Francesca Chianini, Isabella Villena, Joke van der Giessen, Elisabeth A. Innes and Frank Katzer Tags: Research Source Type: research

Influence of Schistosoma japonicum programmed cell death protein 10 on the growth and development of schistosomula
Schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma japonicum is among the most serious endemic zoonoses in China. To study interactions between schistosomula, the pre-adult juvenile stage, and hosts, it is important to study ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 18, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yan Ru Gao, Wen Ling Huang, Chun Lian Tang, Rong Liu, Qin Ping Zhao, Zhen Ping Ming and Hui Fen Dong Tags: Research Source Type: research

First molecular detection and genetic characterization of Coxiella burnetii in Zambian dogs and rodents
Coxiella burnetii, the causative agent of Q fever, is a zoonotic pathogen associated with sylvatic or domestic transmission cycles, with rodents being suspected to link the two transmission cycles. Infection and ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 17, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Simbarashe Chitanga, Edgar Simulundu, Martin C. Simuunza, Katendi Changula, Yongjin Qiu, Masahiro Kajihara, Ryo Nakao, Michelo Syakalima, Ayato Takada, Aaron S. Mweene, Samson Mukaratirwa and Bernard M. Hang ’ombe Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Increasing incidence of Dirofilaria immitis in dogs in USA with focus on the southeast region 2013 –2016
A recent American Heartworm Society (AHS) survey on the incidence of adult heartworm infections in dogs in the United States of America showed a 21.7% increase in the average cases per veterinary clinic from 2... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 17, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jason Drake and Scott Wiseman Tags: Research Source Type: research

Early Babesia canis transmission in dogs within 24 h and 8 h of infestation with infected pre-activated male Dermacentor reticulatus ticks
This study was designed to assess the ability of fed male Dermacentor reticulatus ticks to transmit Babesia canis to dogs after being detached from previous canine or ovine hosts. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 17, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Marie Varloud, Julian Liebenberg and Josephus Fourie Tags: Research Source Type: research

Performance evaluation of existing immunoassays for Clonorchis sinensis infection in China
Clonorchiasis ranks among the most important food-borne parasitic diseases in China. However, due to low compliance to traditional fecal examination techniques in the general population and medical personnel, ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 15, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Hong-Mei Li, Men-Bao Qian, Yi-Chao Yang, Zhi-Hua Jiang, Kang Wei, Jia-Xu Chen, Jun-Hu Chen, Ying-Dan Chen and Xiao-Nong Zhou Tags: Research Source Type: research

Leishmania mortality in sand fly blood meal is not species-specific and does not result from direct effect of proteinases
Leishmania development in sand flies is confined to the alimentary tract and is closely connected with blood meal digestion. Previously, it has been published that activities of sand fly midgut proteases are harm... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 15, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Katerina Pruzinova, Jovana Sadlova, Jitka Myskova, Tereza Lestinova, Jozef Janda and Petr Volf Tags: Research Source Type: research

Molecular characterization of Babesia microti thioredoxin (BmTrx2) and its expression patterns induced by antiprotozoal drugs
Human babesiosis is an infectious disease that is epidemic in various regions all over the world. The predominant causative pathogen of this disease is the intra-erythrocytic parasite Babesia microti. The thiored... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 15, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jingwei Huang, Kang Xiong, Houshuang Zhang, Yanzhen Zhao, Jie Cao, Haiyan Gong, Yongzhi Zhou and Jinlin Zhou Tags: Research Source Type: research

Genome-wide identification, characterization and classification of ionotropic glutamate receptor genes (iGluRs) in the malaria vector Anopheles sinensis (Diptera: Culicidae)
Ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) are conserved ligand-gated ion channel receptors, and ionotropic receptors (IRs) were revealed as a new family of iGluRs. Their subdivision was unsettled, and their char... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 15, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ting-Ting Wang, Feng-Ling Si, Zheng-Bo He and Bin Chen Tags: Research Source Type: research

Cryptic diversity in an Atlantic Forest malaria vector from the mountains of South-East Brazil
Anopheles (Kerteszia) cruzii is the primary vector of human and simian malarias in Brazilian regions covered by the Atlantic Rainforest. Previous studies found that An. cruzii presents high levels of behavioural,... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 15, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Guilherme de Rezende Dias, Thais Tenorio Soares Fujii, Bernardo Fernandes Fogel, Ricardo Louren ço-de-Oliveira, Teresa Fernandes Silva-do-Nascimento, André Nóbrega Pitaluga, Carlos José Carvalho-Pinto, Antonio Bernardo Carvalho, Alexandre Afrânio Pei Tags: Research Source Type: research

Strongyloides stercoralis and hookworm co-infection: spatial distribution and determinants in Preah Vihear Province, Cambodia
Strongyloides stercoralis and hookworm are two soil-transmitted helminths (STH) that are highly prevalent in Cambodia. Strongyloides stercoralis causes long-lasting infections and significant morbidity but is lar... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 12, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Armelle Forrer, Virak Khieu, Fabian Sch är, Penelope Vounatsou, Frédérique Chammartin, Hanspeter Marti, Sinuon Muth and Peter Odermatt Tags: Research Source Type: research

ASGDB: a specialised genomic resource for interpreting Anopheles sinensis insecticide resistance
Anopheles sinensis is an important malaria vector in Southeast Asia. The widespread emergence of insecticide resistance in this mosquito species poses a serious threat to the efficacy of malaria control measures,... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 10, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Dan Zhou, Yang Xu, Cheng Zhang, Meng-Xue Hu, Yun Huang, Yan Sun, Lei Ma, Bo Shen and Chang-Liang Zhu Tags: Research Source Type: research

ASGDB: a specialised genomic resource for interpreting Anopheles sinensis insecticide  resistance
Anopheles sinensis is an important malaria vector in Southeast Asia. The widespread emergence of insecticide resistance in this mosquito species poses a serious threat to the efficacy of malaria control measures,... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 10, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Dan Zhou, Yang Xu, Cheng Zhang, Meng-Xue Hu, Yun Huang, Yan Sun, Lei Ma, Bo Shen and Chang-Liang Zhu Tags: Research Source Type: research

Tissue-specific transcriptomes of Anisakis simplex (sensu stricto) and Anisakis pegreffii reveal potential molecular mechanisms involved in pathogenicity
Larval stages of the sibling species of parasitic nematodes Anisakis simplex (sensu stricto) (s.s.) (AS) and Anisakis pegreffii (AP) are responsible for a fish-borne zoonosis, known as anisakiasis, that humans aq... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 10, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Serena Cavallero, Fabrizio Lombardo, Xiaopei Su, Marco Salvemini, Cinzia Cantacessi and Stefano D ’Amelio Tags: Research Source Type: research

Urogenital schistosomiasis in Cabo Delgado, northern Mozambique: baseline findings from the SCORE study
The results presented here are part of a five-year cluster-randomised intervention trial that was implemented to understand how best to gain and sustain control of schistosomiasis through different preventive ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 10, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Anna E. Phillips, Pedro H. Gazzinelli-Guimar ães, Herminio O. Aurelio, Neerav Dhanani, Josefo Ferro, Rassul Nala, Arminder Deol and Alan Fenwick Tags: Research Source Type: research

Combating Acanthamoeba spp. cysts: what are the options?
Acanthamoeba spp. are protist pathogens and causative agents of serious infections including keratitis and granulomatous amoebic encephalitis. Its ability to convert into dormant and highly resistant cysts form l... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 9, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ayaz Anwar, Naveed Ahmed Khan and Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui Tags: Review Source Type: research

Ecological distribution and population dynamics of Rift Valley fever virus mosquito vectors (Diptera, Culicidae) in Senegal
Many zoonotic infectious diseases have emerged and re-emerged over the last two decades. There has been a significant increase in vector-borne diseases due to climate variations that lead to environmental chan... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 9, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Biram Biteye, Assane G. Fall, Mamadou Ciss, Momar T. Seck, Andrea Apolloni, Moussa Fall, Annelise Tran and Geoffrey Gimonneau Tags: Research Source Type: research

Mosquito-borne arboviruses of African origin: review of key viruses and vectors
Key aspects of 36 mosquito-borne arboviruses indigenous to Africa are summarized, including lesser or poorly-known viruses which, like Zika, may have the potential to escape current sylvatic cycling to achieve... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 9, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Leo Braack, A. Paulo Gouveia de Almeida, Anthony J. Cornel, Robert Swanepoel and Christiaan de Jager Tags: Review Source Type: research

Prevalence of Cryptosporidium, microsporidia and Isospora infection in HIV-infected people: a global systematic review and meta-analysis
Diarrhea caused by opportunistic intestinal protozoa is a common problem in HIV infection. We aimed to establish the prevalence of Cryptosporidium, misrosporidia, and Isospora in HIV-infected people using a syste... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 9, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ze-Dong Wang, Quan Liu, Huan-Huan Liu, Shuang Li, Li Zhang, Yong-Kun Zhao and Xing-Quan Zhu Tags: Review Source Type: research

Understanding the relationship between egg- and antigen-based diagnostics of Schistosoma mansoni infection pre- and post-treatment in Uganda
Schistosomiasis is a major socio-economic and public health problem in many sub-Saharan African countries. After large mass drug administration (MDA) campaigns, prevalence of infection rapidly returns to pre-t... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 8, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Joaqu ín M. Prada, Panayiota Touloupou, Moses Adriko, Edridah M. Tukahebwa, Poppy H. L. Lamberton and T. Déirdre Hollingsworth Tags: Research Source Type: research

Anaplasma phagocytophilum in the highly endangered P ère David’s deer Elaphurus davidianus
Eighteen of 43 (41.8%) P ère David’s deer from Dafeng Elk National Natural Reserve, China, were positive for Anaplasma phagocytophilum based on real-time FRET-PCR and species-specific PCRs targeting the 16S rRNA o... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 8, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yi Yang, Zhangping Yang, Patrick Kelly, Jing Li, Yijun Ren and Chengming Wang Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

A cross-sectional study of the filarial and Leishmania co-endemicity in two ecologically distinct settings in Mali
Filariasis and leishmaniasis are two neglected tropical diseases in Mali. Due to distribution and associated clinical features, both diseases are of concern to public health. The goal of this study was to dete... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 8, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Moussa Brema Sangare, Yaya Ibrahim Coulibaly, Siaka Yamoussa Coulibaly, Michel Emmanuel Coulibaly, Bourama Traore, Ilo Dicko, Ibrahim Moussa Sissoko, Sibiry Samake, Sekou Fantamady Traore, Thomas Bruce Nutman, Jesus Gilberto Valenzuela, Ousmane Faye, Shad Tags: Research Source Type: research

Epidemiology, genetic variants and clinical course of natural infections with Anaplasma phagocytophilum in a dairy cattle herd
Anaplasma phagocytophilum is an obligate intracellular, tick-transmitted bacterium that causes granulocytic anaplasmosis in humans and several mammalian species including domestic ruminants where it is called tic... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 8, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Cornelia Silaghi, Marion Nieder, Carola Sauter-Louis, Gabriela Knubben-Schweizer, Kurt Pfister and Martin Pfeffer Tags: Research Source Type: research

The effect of patent Dictyocaulus viviparus (re)infections on individual milk yield and milk quality in pastured dairy cows and correlation with clinical signs
Infections with the bovine lungworm Dictyocaulus viviparus might lead to reduced milk production and detrimental impacts on milk quality resulting in considerable economic losses in dairy farming. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 8, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Katharina May, Kerstin Br ügemann, Sven König and Christina Strube Tags: Research Source Type: research

Infection dynamics and tissue tropism of Parvicapsula pseudobranchicola (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
The myxosporean parasite Parvicapsula pseudobranchicola commonly infects farmed Atlantic salmon in northern Norway. Heavy infections are associated with pseudobranch lesions, runting and mortality in the salmon p... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 6, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Are Nylund, Haakon Hansen, Øyvind J. Brevik, Håvard Hustoft, Turhan Markussen, Heidrun Plarre and Egil Karlsbakk Tags: Research Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a novel long-lasting pyriproxyfen larvicide (SumiLarv ®2MR) against Aedes mosquitoes in schools in Yangon, Myanmar
Mosquito-borne diseases are prevalent in Myanmar, with the number of dengue cases showing a significant increase in recent years. Dengue vectors have developed resistance to insecticides and currently used lar... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 6, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sai Zaw Min Oo, Sein Thaung, Yan Naung Maung Maung, Khin Myo Aye, Zar Zar Aung, Hlaing Myat Thu, Kyaw Zin Thant and Noboru Minakawa Tags: Research Source Type: research

Dynamics of anti-MSP3 and Pfs230 antibody responses and multiplicity of infection in asymptomatic children from southern Ghana
During a Plasmodium infection, exposure of human host immune cells to both the asexual and the sexual stages of the parasite elicit immune responses. These responses may be protective and prevent the development ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 5, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Linda E. Amoah, Festus K. Acquah, Ruth Ayanful-Torgby, Akua Oppong, Joana Abankwa, Evans K. Obboh, Susheel K. Singh and Michael Theisen Tags: Research Source Type: research

Should I stay or should I go? Movement of adult Triatoma sordida within the peridomestic area of a typical Brazilian Cerrado rural household
Chagas disease, or American trypanosomiasis, is an important neglected tropical illness caused by the flagellate protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, which is primarily transmitted to humans by hematophagous insects of t... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 5, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Edson Santos Dantas, Rodrigo Gurgel-Gon çalves, Daniel Antunes Maciel Villela, Fernando Araújo Monteiro and Rafael Maciel-de-Freitas Tags: Research Source Type: research

Bionomic aspects of Lutzomyia evansi and Lutzomyia longipalpis, proven vectors of Leishmania infantum in an endemic area of non-ulcerative cutaneous leishmaniasis in Honduras
Some Lutzomyia species are the vectors of human leishmaniasis in the Americas. Visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis are both endemic in the Pacific region of Honduras, but the non-ulcerative form is the more freq... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 5, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ángel Mejía, Gabriela Matamoros, Gustavo Fontecha and Wilfredo Sosa-Ochoa Tags: Research Source Type: research

MALDI-TOF MS as a new tool for the identification of Dientamoeba fragilis
In this study for the first time, a Dientamoeba fragilis protein profile by MALDI-TOF MS was created in order to identify specific markers for the application of this technology in the laboratory diagnosis of die... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 4, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Adriana Calderaro, Mirko Buttrini, Sara Montecchini, Sabina Rossi, Giovanna Piccolo, Maria Cristina Arcangeletti, Maria Cristina Medici, Carlo Chezzi and Flora De Conto Tags: Research Source Type: research

Culex pipiens pallens cuticular protein CPLCG5 participates in pyrethroid resistance by forming a rigid matrix
Chemical insecticides have hugely reduced the prevalence of vector-borne diseases around the world, but resistance threatens their continued effectiveness. Despite its importance, cuticle resistance is an unde... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 4, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yun Huang, Qin Guo, Xiaohong Sun, Cheng Zhang, Na Xu, Yang Xu, Dan Zhou, Yan Sun, Lei Ma, Changliang Zhu and Bo Shen Tags: Research Source Type: research

Recent insights into the tick microbiome gained through next-generation sequencing
The tick microbiome comprises communities of microorganisms, including viruses, bacteria and eukaryotes, and is being elucidated through modern molecular techniques. The advent of next-generation sequencing (N... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 4, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Telleasha L. Greay, Alexander W. Gofton, Andrea Paparini, Una M. Ryan, Charlotte L. Oskam and Peter J. Irwin Tags: Review Source Type: research

Antibody response to sand fly saliva is a marker of transmission intensity but not disease progression in dogs naturally infected with Leishmania infantum
Antibody responses to sand fly saliva have been suggested to be a useful marker of exposure to sand fly bites and Leishmania infection and a potential tool to monitor the effectiveness of entomological interventi... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 4, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Rupert J. Quinnell, Seyi Soremekun, Paul A. Bates, Matthew E. Rogers, Lourdes M. Garcez and Orin Courtenay Tags: Research Source Type: research

Population genetic structure of the Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) complex, vectors of West Nile virus, in five habitats
The Culex pipiens complex consists of several morphologically similar, closely related species. In the United States, Cx. pipiens L. is distributed North of 39 ° latitude, while Cx. quinquefasciatus Say occurs Sou... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 4, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Andrea L. Joyce, Etienne Melese, Phuong-Thao Ha and Allan Inman Tags: Research Source Type: research

Genotype and biotype of invasive Anopheles stephensi in Mannar Island of Sri Lanka
Anopheles stephensi, the major vector of urban malaria in India, was recently detected for the first time in Sri Lanka in Mannar Island on the northwestern coast. Since there are different biotypes of An. stephen... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 3, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sinnathamby N. Surendran, Kokila Sivabalakrishnan, Kanapathy Gajapathy, Sivasingham Arthiyan, Tibutius T. P. Jayadas, Kalingarajah Karvannan, Selvarajah Raveendran, S. H. P. Parakrama Karunaratne and Ranjan Ramasamy Tags: Research Source Type: research

Co-infections with multiple genotypes of Anaplasma marginale in cattle indicate pathogen diversity
Only a few studies have examined the presence of Anaplasma marginale and Anaplasma centrale in South Africa, and no studies have comprehensively examined these species across the whole country. To undertake this ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 3, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Paidashe Hove, Mamohale E. Chaisi, Kelly A. Brayton, Hamilton Ganesan, Helen N. Catanese, Moses S. Mtshali, Awelani M. Mutshembele, Marinda C. Oosthuizen and Nicola E. Collins Tags: Research Source Type: research

First detection and genetic characterisation of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in wild deer in Melbourne ’s water catchments in Australia
Enterocytozoon bieneusi is reported to be a common microsporidian of humans and animals in various countries. However, E. bieneusi has yet to be recorded in animals in Australia. Here, we undertook the first mole... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 3, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yan Zhang, Anson V. Koehler, Tao Wang, Shane R. Haydon and Robin B. Gasser Tags: Research Source Type: research

Evidence for multiple-insecticide resistance in urban Aedes albopictus populations in southern China
Aedes albopictus (Skuse) is an invasive mosquito that has become an important vector of chikungunya, dengue and Zika viruses. In the absence of specific antiviral therapy or a vaccine, vector management is the so... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 3, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yiji Li, Jiabao Xu, Daibin Zhong, Hong Zhang, Wenqiang Yang, Guofa Zhou, Xinghua Su, Yang Wu, Kun Wu, Songwu Cai, Guiyun Yan and Xiao-Guang Chen Tags: Research Source Type: research

P2X7 receptor mediates NLRP3-dependent IL-1 β secretion and parasite proliferation in Toxoplasma gondii-infected human small intestinal epithelial cells
Toxoplasma gondii can invade and replicate in all nucleated cells in a wide range of host species, and infection induces IL-1 β production. IL-1β plays central roles in the stimulation of the ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 2, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Juan-Hua Quan, Rui Huang, Zhuang Wang, Shuai Huang, In-Wook Choi, Yu Zhou, Young-Ha Lee and Jia-Qi Chu Tags: Research Source Type: research

Hidden diversity of Nycteribiidae (Diptera) bat flies from the Malagasy region and insights on host-parasite interactions
We present information on Nycteribiidae flies parasitizing the bat families Pteropodidae, Miniopteridae and Vespertilionidae from the Malagasy Region, contributing insight into their diversity and host prefere... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - December 29, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Beza Ramasindrazana, Steven M. Goodman, Yann Gomard, Carl W. Dick and Pablo Tortosa Tags: Short report Source Type: research