How to become a successful invasive tapeworm: a case study of abandoned sexuality and exceptional chromosome diversification in the triploid carp parasite Atractolytocestus huronensis Anthony, 1958 (Caryophyllidea: Lytocestidae)
A cytogenetic analysis of the new local triploid population of the caryophyllidean tapeworm Atractolytocestus huronensis, a unique parthenogenetic species with the ability to colonise new regions, was performed t... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 11, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Marta Špakulová, Marta Bombarová, Dana Miklisová, Stanislava Nechybová and Iva Langrová Tags: Research Source Type: research

Risk factors for lymphatic filariasis in two villages of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Little is known regarding risk factors for lymphatic filariasis (LF) in Central Africa. To expand on what is known, we studied the epidemiology of LF in two endemic villages in the Democratic Republic of the C... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 11, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: C édric B. Chesnais, Naomi-Pitchouna Awaca-Uvon, Johnny Vlaminck, Jean-Paul Tambwe, Gary J. Weil, Sébastien D. Pion and Michel Boussinesq Tags: Research Source Type: research

Immunogenicity analysis of genetically conserved segments in Plasmodium ovale merozoite surface protein-8
Plasmodium ovale is widely distributed across tropical regions and has two closely related but distinct species, namely P. ovale curtisi and P. ovale wallikeri. Combining genetic characterization with the immunog... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 11, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Xinxin Zhang, Ruilin Chu, Sui Xu, Haitian Fu, Jianxia Tang, Limei Chen, Xiaodan Shi, Jing Chen, Yuhong Li, Guoding Zhu, Eun-Taek Han, Yinghua Xuan, Jun Cao and Yang Cheng Tags: Research Source Type: research

Mosquito antiviral defense mechanisms: a delicate balance between innate immunity and persistent viral infection
Mosquito-borne diseases are associated with major global health burdens. Aedes spp. and Culex spp. are primarily responsible for the transmission of the most medically important mosquito-borne viruses, including ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 11, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Wai-Suet Lee, Julie A. Webster, Eugene T. Madzokere, Eloise B. Stephenson and Lara J. Herrero Tags: Review Source Type: research

Update on the biology and ecology of Culicoides species in the South-West region of Cameroon with implications on the transmission of Mansonella perstans
Culicoides (Diptera; Ceratoponidae) are tiny, stout, blood-sucking flies with a near worldwide distribution. When present, they are often considered a biting nuisance but in addition, they are involved in the tra... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 11, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Samuel Wanji, Dizzle Bita Tayong, Rene Ebai, Vera Opoku, Chi Anizette Kien, Winston Patrick Chounna Ndongmo, Abdel Jelil Njouendou, Raymond Nsaidzedze Ghani, Manuel Ritter, Yaw Alex Debrah, Laura E. Layland, Peter A. Enyong and Achim Hoerauf Tags: Research Source Type: research

Trypanosoma cruzi infection, discrete typing units and feeding sources among Psammolestes arthuri (Reduviidae: Triatominae) collected in eastern Colombia
Chagas disease (CD) is caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, and is transmitted by hematophagous insects of the family Reduviidae. Psammolestes arthuri is a sylvatic triatomine distributed in Colomb... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 8, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Natalia Vel ásquez-Ortiz, Carolina Hernández, Giovanny Herrera, Lissa Cruz-Saavedra, Adriana Higuera, Luisa M. Arias-Giraldo, Plutarco Urbano, Andrés Cuervo, Aníbal Teherán and Juan David Ramírez Tags: Research Source Type: research

Comparative cost-effectiveness of immunoassays and FLOTAC for diagnosing Giardia spp. infection in dogs
Giardia spp. is a protozoan pathogen and is the most common enteric parasite of domestic animals and humans. Assays for detecting infection in fecal samples using direct or indirect examinations are important too... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 8, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Paola Pepe, Davide Ianniello, Leucio Camara Alves, Maria Elena Morgoglione, Maria Paola Maurelli, Antonio Bosco, Giuseppe Cringoli and Laura Rinaldi Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Diagnosis of feline filariasis assisted by a novel semi-automated microfluidic device in combination with high resolution melting real-time PCR
The diagnosis of filariasis traditionally relies on the detection of circulating microfilariae (mf) using Giemsa-stained thick blood smears. This approach has several limitations. We developed a semi-automated... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 8, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Achinya Phuakrod, Witsaroot Sripumkhai, Wutthinan Jeamsaksiri, Pattaraluck Pattamang, Ekachai Juntasaro, Therdthai Thienthong, Suporn Foongladda, Paul J. Brindley and Sirichit Wongkamchai Tags: Research Source Type: research

Prevalence and genotypes of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in wildlife in Korea: a public health concern
Enterocytozoon bieneusi is a unicellular microsporidian fungal pathogen that infects a broad range of animal hosts, including wild and domestic animals and humans. The infection burden of this parasite in wild an... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 8, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Said Amer, Sungryong Kim, Jae-Ik Han and Ki-Jeong Na Tags: Research Source Type: research

Interpreting mosquito feeding patterns in Australia through an ecological lens: an analysis of blood meal studies
Mosquito-borne pathogens contribute significantly to the global burden of disease, infecting millions of people each year. Mosquito feeding is critical to the transmission dynamics of pathogens, and thus it is... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 4, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Eloise B. Stephenson, Amanda K. Murphy, Cassie C. Jansen, Alison J. Peel and Hamish McCallum Tags: Research Source Type: research

Mosquito biodiversity and mosquito-borne viruses in the United Arab Emirates
In the last 50 years, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has experienced rapid population growth and urbanization. Urbanization is known to influence biodiversity, and there appears to be a link between the emerge... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 3, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jeremy V. Camp, Noushad Karuvantevida, Houda Chouhna, Ebtesam Safi, Junid N. Shah and Norbert Nowotny Tags: Research Source Type: research

The alpha-Gal syndrome: new insights into the tick-host conflict and cooperation
This primer focuses on a recently diagnosed tick-borne allergic disease known as the alpha-Gal syndrome (AGS). Tick bites induce in humans high levels of IgE antibodies against the carbohydrate Gal α1-3Galβ1-(3... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 3, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jos é de la Fuente, Iván Pacheco, Margarita Villar and Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz Tags: Primer Source Type: research

Serological and molecular detection of Toxoplasma gondii in terrestrial and marine wildlife harvested for food in Nunavik, Canada
Toxoplasma gondii, a zoonotic protozoan parasite, infects mammals and birds worldwide. Infection in humans is often asymptomatic, though illnesses can occur in immunocompromised hosts and the fetuses of susceptib... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 3, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nicholas Bachand, Andr é Ravel, Patrick Leighton, Craig Stephen, Momar Ndao, Ellen Avard and Emily Jenkins Tags: Research Source Type: research

The composition and abundance of bacterial communities residing in the gut of Glossina palpalis palpalis captured in two sites of southern Cameroon
A number of reports have demonstrated the role of insect bacterial flora on their host ’s physiology and metabolism. The tsetse host and vector of trypanosomes responsible for human sleeping sickness (human Afr... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 2, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jean Marc Tsagmo Ngoune, Julie Reveillaud, Guilhem Sempere, Flobert Njiokou, Tr ésor T. Melachio, Luc Abate, Majoline T. Tchioffo and Anne Geiger Tags: Research Source Type: research

Tick-borne pathogen detection in midgut and salivary glands of adult Ixodes ricinus
The tick midgut and salivary glands represent the primary organs for pathogen acquisition and transmission, respectively. Specifically, the midgut is the first organ to have contact with pathogens during the b... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 2, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Emilie Lejal, Sara Moutailler, Ladislav Šimo, Muriel Vayssier-Taussat and Thomas Pollet Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Limited risk of Zika virus transmission by five Aedes albopictus populations from Spain
Aedes albopictus, the Asian tiger mosquito, is an exotic invasive species in Europe. It has substantial public health relevance due to its potential role in transmitting several human pathogens. Out of the Europe... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 29, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Mikel A. Gonz ález, Márcio G. Pavan, Rosilainy S. Fernandes, Núria Busquets, Mariana R. David, Ricardo Lourenço-Oliveira, Ana L. García-Pérez and Rafael Maciel-de-Freitas Tags: Research Source Type: research

Correction to: Urogenital schistosomiasis elimination in Zanzibar: accuracy of urine filtration and haematuria reagent strips for diagnosing light intensity Schistosoma haematobium infections
Conclusions section of the article ’s Abstract, during production of the article. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 28, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Stefanie Knopp, Shaali M. Ame, Jan Hattendorf, Said M. Ali, Iddi S. Khamis, Faki Bakar, Mwanaidi A. Khamis, Bobbie Person, Fatma Kabole and David Rollinson Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Use of mechanical and behavioural methods to eliminate female Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus for sterile insect technique and incompatible insect technique applications
Sex separation of mosquitoes at different stages is currently being attempted to ensure the successful release of male mosquitoes in novel vector control approaches. Mechanical and behavioral techniques have b... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 28, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nayana Gunathilaka, Tharaka Ranathunge, Lahiru Udayanga, Asha Wijegunawardena, Jeremie Roger Lionel Gilles and Wimaladharma Abeyewickreme Tags: Research Source Type: research

A review on the occurrence of companion vector-borne diseases in pet animals in Latin America
Companion vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) are an important threat for pet life, but may also have an impact on human health, due to their often zoonotic character. The importance and awareness of CVBDs continuou... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 27, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ricardo G. Maggi and Friederike Kr ämer Tags: Review Source Type: research

Identification and characterization of Anopheles spp. breeding habitats in the Korhogo area in northern C ôte d’Ivoire: a study prior to a Bti-based larviciding intervention
Although larviciding may be a valuable tool to supplement long-lasting insecticide nets (LLINs) in West Africa in different ecological settings, its actual impact on malaria burden and transmission has yet to ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 27, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Barnabas Zogo, Alphonsine A. Koffi, Ludovic P. Ahoua Alou, Florence Fournet, Amal Dahounto, Roch Kounbobr Dabir é, Lamine Baba-Moussa, Nicolas Moiroux and Cédric Pennetier Tags: Research Source Type: research

Effect of overwintering on survival and vector competence of the West Nile virus vector Culex pipiens
West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne virus that is mainly transmitted among birds by Culex pipiens mosquitoes. The species Cx. pipiens consists of two biotypes named pipiens and molestus, which together can ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 27, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Constantianus J. M. Koenraadt, Tim W. R. M öhlmann, Niels O. Verhulst, Jeroen Spitzen and Chantal B. F. Vogels Tags: Research Source Type: research

The invasive mosquito Aedes japonicus japonicus is spreading in northeastern Italy
The invasive mosquito species, Aedes japonicus japonicus, was detected in northeastern Italy for the first time in 2015, at the border with Austria. After this finding, a more intensive monitoring was carried out... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 26, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Fabrizio Montarsi, Simone Martini, Alice Michelutti, Graziana Da Rold, Matteo Mazzucato, Davide Qualizza, Domenico Di Gennaro, Marcella Di Fant, Marco Dal Pont, Manlio Palei and Gioia Capelli Tags: Research Source Type: research

Treatment and long-term follow-up of a cat with leishmaniosis
Leishmania infection in cats is being increasingly reported in endemic areas. Nevertheless, only a few clinical cases have been described in cats, and even fewer have provided information on the response to treat... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 26, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Emanuele Brianti, Nunziata Celi, Ettore Napoli, Jessica M. Abbate, Francesca Arfuso, Gabriella Gaglio, Roberta Iatta, Salvatore Giannetto, Marina Gramiccia and Domenico Otranto Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Molecular detection of Leishmania spp. in dogs and a cat from Doha, Qatar
Canine and feline leishmanioses are increasingly reported worldwide and represent a threat to both animal and human health. Despite their relevance, data about leishmanioses in companion animals in the east-ce... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 26, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Clara Lima, Vito Colella, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Lu ís Cardoso, Domenico Otranto and Ana Margarida Alho Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Detection of Rickettsia spp. in Rhipicephalus sanguineus (sensu lato) collected from free-roaming dogs in Coahuila state, northern Mexico
The aim of this study was to detect and molecularly identify Rickettsia spp. in Rhipicephalus sanguineus (sensu lato) collected from free-roaming dogs in 30 communities from five municipalities in the south of Co... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 26, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Aldo I. Ortega-Morales, Erika Nava-Reyna, Ver ónica Ávila-Rodríguez, Vicente H. González-Álvarez, Antonio Castillo-Martínez, Quetzaly K. Siller-Rodríguez, Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz, Filipe Dantas-Torres and Consuelo Almazán Tags: Research Source Type: research

Description of the male and the larva of Ixodes collaris Hornok, 2016 with drawings of all stages
This study provides the description of the male and the larva, as well as high quality drawings of all stages. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 26, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: S ándor Hornok, Dávid Murányi, Jenő Kontschán and Vuong Tan Tu Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Plant Hsp90 is a novel adjuvant that elicits a strong humoral and cellular immune response against B- and T-cell epitopes of a Toxoplasma gondii SAG1 peptide
The 90-kDa heat-shock protein (Hsp90) from Nicotiana benthamiana (NbHsp90.3) is a promising adjuvant, especially for those vaccines that require a T cell-mediated immune response. Toxoplasma gondii SAG1 is consid... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 25, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Edwin F. S ánchez-López, Mariana G. Corigliano, Romina M. Albarracín, Valeria A. Sander, Ariel Legarralde, Sofía A. Bengoa-Luoni and Marina Clemente Tags: Research Source Type: research

Modelling seasonal dynamics, population stability, and pest control in Aedes japonicus japonicus (Diptera: Culicidae)
The invasive temperate mosquito Aedes japonicus japonicus is a potential vector for various infectious diseases and therefore a target of vector control measures. Even though established in Germany, it is unclear... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 25, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Andreas Wieser, Friederike Reuss, Aidin Niamir, Ruth M üller, Robert B. O’Hara and Markus Pfenninger Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Investigating the blood-host plasticity and dispersal of Anopheles coluzzii using a novel field-based methodology
The biting behaviour and dispersal of insect vectors in the field underlies the transmission of many diseases. Here, a novel collection methodology coupled with the molecular analysis of blood-meal sources and... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 25, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: James Orsborne, Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Claire L. Jeffries, Mojca Kristan, Abdul Rahim Mohammed, Yaw A. Afrane, Kathleen O ’Reilly, Eduardo Massad, Chris Drakeley, Thomas Walker and Laith Yakob Tags: Research Source Type: research

Culicoides Latreille in the sun: faunistic inventory of Culicoides species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in Mayotte (Comoros Archipelago, Indian Ocean)
The south-west insular territories of the Indian Ocean have recently received attention concerning the diversity of arthropods of medical or veterinary interest. While a recent study highlighted the circulatio... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Claire Garros, Karien Labuschagne, Laure Dommergues, M ’sa Ben, Thomas Balenghien, Facundo Muñoz, Mame Thierno Bakhoum, Eric Cardinale and Hélène Guis Tags: Research Source Type: research

Climate change models predict southerly shift of the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis) distribution in Australia
Bioclimatic variables play an integral part in the life-cycle of Ctenocephalides felis, the most common flea found on companion animals. It is essential that we understand the effects of climate on C. felis distr... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nicole Crkvencic and Jan Šlapeta Tags: Research Source Type: research

A study on the long-term efficacy of Seresto ® collars in preventing Babesia canis (Piana & Galli-Valerio, 1895) transmission to dogs by infected Dermacentor reticulatus (Fabricius, 1794) ticks
An imidacloprid/flumethrin collar (Seresto ®) was previously shown to prevent infection with Babesia canis, transmitted by Dermacentor reticulatus, in dogs for up to 1 month after application. The present study ev... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Josephus J. Fourie, Christa de Vos, Dionne Crafford, Matthias Pollmeier and Bettina Schunack Tags: Research Source Type: research

Control of fly strike dermatitis in dogs with a topically applied combination of imidacloprid and permethrin: a prospective open-label controlled clinical trial
A prospective clinical study evaluated the tolerance and the efficacy of a combination of imidacloprid (10%) and permethrin (50%) (ADVANTIX ®: Bayer HC AH, France) applied topically as a spot-on, for the treatment... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 21, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Eloy Castilla-Casta ño, Fabien Moog, Caroline Mandin-Cabaret, Charline Pressanti and Marie Christine Cadiergues Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Increased Trypanosoma spp. richness and prevalence of haemoparasite co-infection following translocation
Understanding how fauna translocation and antiparasitic drug treatment impact parasite community structure within a host is vital for optimising translocation outcomes. Trypanosoma spp. and piroplasms (Babesia an... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 21, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Amy S. Northover, Stephanie S. Godfrey, Sarah Keatley, Alan J. Lymbery, Adrian F. Wayne, Crystal Cooper, Louise Pallant, Keith Morris and R. C. Andrew Thompson Tags: Research Source Type: research

Impact of 19 years of mass drug administration with ivermectin on epilepsy burden in a hyperendemic onchocerciasis area in Cameroon
Surveys conducted in 1991 –1992 in the Mbam Valley (Cameroon) revealed that onchocerciasis was highly endemic, with community microfilarial loads (CMFL) > 100 microfilariae/snip in some villages. Also in 1991–1... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 19, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Charlotte Boull é, Alfred K. Njamnshi, Fidèle Dema, Michel K. Mengnjo, Joseph Nelson Siewe Fodjo, Anne-Cécile Zoung-Kanyi Bissek, Patrick Suykerbuyk, Cédric G. Lenou-Nanga, Hugues C. Nana-Djeunga, Joseph Kamgno, Cédric B. Chesnais, Michel Boussinesq Tags: Research Source Type: research

Limited genetic variability of Cytauxzoon felis apical membrane antigen-1 (ama1) from domestic cats and bobcats
Cytauxzoon felis is a tick-transmitted apicomplexan that causes cytauxzoonosis in domestic cats (Felis catus). Even with intensive care, the mortality rate of acute cytauxzoonosis approaches 40% in domestic cats,... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 19, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jaime L. Tarigo, Lisa S. Kelly, Holly M. Brown and David S. Peterson Tags: Research Source Type: research

Molecular characterization and distribution of Schistosoma cercariae collected from naturally infected bulinid snails in northern and central C ôte d’Ivoire
Accurate identification of schistosome species infecting intermediate host snails is important for understanding parasite transmission, schistosomiasis control and elimination. Cercariae emerging from infected... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 19, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yves-Nathan T. Tian-Bi, Bonnie Webster, Cyrille K. Konan, Fiona Allan, Nana R. Diakit é, Mamadou Ouattara, Diabaté Salia, Amani Koné, Adolphe K. Kakou, Muriel Rabone, Jean T. Coulibaly, Stefanie Knopp, Aboulaye Meïté, Jürg Utzinger, Eliézer K. N’ Tags: Research Source Type: research

The role of temperature in affecting carry-over effects and larval competition in the globally invasive mosquito Aedes albopictus
Ectotherms, like mosquitoes, have evolved specific responses to variation in environmental conditions like temperature, and these responses could confer a fitness benefit or cost when carried-over to different... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 19, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nnaemeka F. Ezeakacha and Donald A. Yee Tags: Research Source Type: research

Treatment of pigs with endectocides as a complementary tool for combating malaria transmission by Anopheles farauti (s.s.) in Papua New Guinea
Outdoor, early-biting, zoophagic behaviours by Anopheles farauti (s.s.) can compromise the effectiveness of bed nets for malaria control. In the Western Pacific region, pigs and dogs represent significant alterna... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 19, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Cielo J. Pasay, Laith Yakob, Hannah R. Meredith, Romal Stewart, Paul C. Mills, Milou H. Dekkers, Oselyne Ong, Stacey Llewellyn, R. Leon E. Hugo, James S. McCarthy and Gregor J. Devine Tags: Research Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis: a systematic review of the distribution in the Middle East and North Africa
The zoonotic parasite Taenia saginata utilizes bovines as an intermediate host (causing cysticercosis) and humans as the definitive host (causing taeniosis). The public health burden of T. saginata is assumed to ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 15, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Anastasios Saratsis, Smaragda Sotiraki, Uffe C. Braae, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Veronique Dermauw, Ramon M. Eichenberger, Lian F. Thomas, Branko Bobi ć, Pierre Dorny, Sarah Gabriël and Lucy J. Robertson Tags: Review Source Type: research

Efficient genome engineering of Toxoplasma gondii using the TALEN technique
Aromatic amino acid hydroxylase 2 (AAH2) is a bradyzoite-specific upregulated protein that may alter host behaviour by altering the host dopaminergic pathway. To better understand the role of the parasite ’s AA... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 15, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Hongmei Chen, Yijia Guo, Yushu Qiu, Huanbin Huang, Changqing Lin, Min Liu, Xiaoguang Chen, Peiliang Yang and Kun Wu Tags: Research Source Type: research

Comparative virulence of Caribbean, Brazilian and European isolates of Toxoplasma gondii
Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic parasite of global importance. The outcome of infection in humans can depend on a number of factors including the infecting stage of the parasite, inoculating dose and virulence of... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 14, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Clare M. Hamilton, Lauren Black, Solange Oliveira, Alison Burrells, Paul M. Bartley, Renata Pimentel B. Melo, Francesca Chianini, Javier Palarea-Albaladejo, Elisabeth A. Innes, Patrick J. Kelly and Frank Katzer Tags: Research Source Type: research

What makes the Asian bush mosquito Aedes japonicus japonicus feel comfortable in Germany? A fuzzy modelling approach
The Asian bush mosquito Aedes japonicus japonicus is an invasive species native to East Asia and has become established in North America and Europe. On both continents, the species has spread over wide areas. Sin... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 14, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Antje Kerkow, Ralf Wieland, Marcel B. Koban, Franz H ölker, Jonathan M. Jeschke, Doreen Werner and Helge Kampen Tags: Research Source Type: research

Genetic and morphological evidence for a new species of the Maculatus Group of Anopheles subgenus Cellia (Diptera: Culicidae) in Java, Indonesia
Anopheles maculatus, a species of the Maculatus Group of subgenus Cellia (Diptera: Culicidae), is an important vector of human malarial protozoa in Java, Indonesia. However, the identity of this species in Indone... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 14, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Rusdiyah Sudirman Made Ali, Isra Wahid, Atiporn Saeung, Anchalee Wannasan, Ralph E. Harbach and Pradya Somboon Tags: Research Source Type: research

The Asian bush mosquito Aedes japonicus japonicus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Europe, 17 years after its first detection, with a focus on monitoring methods
After the first detection of the Asian bush mosquito Aedes japonicus japonicus in the year 2000 in France, its invasive nature was revealed in 2008 in Switzerland and Germany. In the following years, accumulating... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 14, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Marcel B. Koban, Helge Kampen, Dorothee E. Scheuch, Linus Frueh, Cornelius Kuhlisch, Nele Janssen, Johannes L. M. Steidle, G ünter A. Schaub and Doreen Werner Tags: Review Source Type: research

Protein expression in female salivary glands of pyrethroid-susceptible and resistant strains of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes
A group of insecticides called pyrethroids has been used extensively worldwide and development of pyrethroid resistance within mosquito populations, especially in Aedes aegypti, has rapidly spread through populat... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 14, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Chonlada Mano, Narissara Jariyapan, Sriwatapron Sor-Suwan, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Suthathip Kittisenachai, Pongsri Tippawangkosol and Pradya Somboon Tags: Research Source Type: research

Prediction of Toxoplasma gondii virulence factor ROP18 competitive inhibitors by virtual screening
Rhoptry protein 18 (ROP18) is a key virulence factor of Toxoplasma gondii. The host ’s immune responses mediated by immune-related GTPases (IRGs) could be blocked by ROP18’s kinase activity. ROP18 also interacts w... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 13, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Kun Yin, Guihua Zhao, Chao Xu, Xiao Qiu, Biwei Wen, Hui Sun, Gongzhen Liu, Ye Liu, Qingsong Zhao, Qingkuan Wei, Bingcheng Huang, Ge Yan and Jianping Cao Tags: Research Source Type: research

The treatment of sarcoptic mange in wildlife: a systematic review
Sarcoptic mange, caused by the Sarcoptes scabiei mite, is an infectious disease of wildlife, domestic animals and humans with international importance. Whilst a variety of treatment and control methods have been ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 13, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Madeleine L. Rowe, Pam L. Whiteley and Scott Carver Tags: Review Source Type: research

The impact of vector control on the prevalence of Theileria cervi in farmed Florida white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus
Vector-borne diseases exert a global economic impact to the livestock industry. Understanding how agriculture practices and acaricide usage affect the ecology of these diseases is important for making informed... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 13, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Allison Cauvin, Karen Hood, Rebecca Shuman, Jeremy Orange, Jason K. Blackburn, Katherine A. Sayler and Samantha M. Wisely Tags: Research Source Type: research

Host-antibody inductivity of virulent Entamoeba histolytica and non-virulent Entamoeba moshkovskii in a mouse model
Despite similarities in morphology, gene and protein profiles, Entamoeba histolytica and E. moshkovskii show profound differences in pathogenicity. Entamoeba histolytica infection might result in amoebic dysenter... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 13, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Narumol Khomkhum, Somphob Leetachewa, Aulia Rahmi Pawestri and Saengduen Moonsom Tags: Research Source Type: research