Increasing incidence of Dirofilaria immitis in dogs in USA with focus on the southeast region 2013 –2016
A recent American Heartworm Society (AHS) survey on the incidence of adult heartworm infections in dogs in the United States of America showed a 21.7% increase in the average cases per veterinary clinic from 2... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 17, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jason Drake and Scott Wiseman Tags: Research Source Type: research

Early Babesia canis transmission in dogs within 24 h and 8 h of infestation with infected pre-activated male Dermacentor reticulatus ticks
This study was designed to assess the ability of fed male Dermacentor reticulatus ticks to transmit Babesia canis to dogs after being detached from previous canine or ovine hosts. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 17, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Marie Varloud, Julian Liebenberg and Josephus Fourie Tags: Research Source Type: research

Performance evaluation of existing immunoassays for Clonorchis sinensis infection in China
Clonorchiasis ranks among the most important food-borne parasitic diseases in China. However, due to low compliance to traditional fecal examination techniques in the general population and medical personnel, ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 15, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Hong-Mei Li, Men-Bao Qian, Yi-Chao Yang, Zhi-Hua Jiang, Kang Wei, Jia-Xu Chen, Jun-Hu Chen, Ying-Dan Chen and Xiao-Nong Zhou Tags: Research Source Type: research

Leishmania mortality in sand fly blood meal is not species-specific and does not result from direct effect of proteinases
Leishmania development in sand flies is confined to the alimentary tract and is closely connected with blood meal digestion. Previously, it has been published that activities of sand fly midgut proteases are harm... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 15, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Katerina Pruzinova, Jovana Sadlova, Jitka Myskova, Tereza Lestinova, Jozef Janda and Petr Volf Tags: Research Source Type: research

Molecular characterization of Babesia microti thioredoxin (BmTrx2) and its expression patterns induced by antiprotozoal drugs
Human babesiosis is an infectious disease that is epidemic in various regions all over the world. The predominant causative pathogen of this disease is the intra-erythrocytic parasite Babesia microti. The thiored... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 15, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jingwei Huang, Kang Xiong, Houshuang Zhang, Yanzhen Zhao, Jie Cao, Haiyan Gong, Yongzhi Zhou and Jinlin Zhou Tags: Research Source Type: research

Genome-wide identification, characterization and classification of ionotropic glutamate receptor genes (iGluRs) in the malaria vector Anopheles sinensis (Diptera: Culicidae)
Ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) are conserved ligand-gated ion channel receptors, and ionotropic receptors (IRs) were revealed as a new family of iGluRs. Their subdivision was unsettled, and their char... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 15, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ting-Ting Wang, Feng-Ling Si, Zheng-Bo He and Bin Chen Tags: Research Source Type: research

Cryptic diversity in an Atlantic Forest malaria vector from the mountains of South-East Brazil
Anopheles (Kerteszia) cruzii is the primary vector of human and simian malarias in Brazilian regions covered by the Atlantic Rainforest. Previous studies found that An. cruzii presents high levels of behavioural,... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 15, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Guilherme de Rezende Dias, Thais Tenorio Soares Fujii, Bernardo Fernandes Fogel, Ricardo Louren ço-de-Oliveira, Teresa Fernandes Silva-do-Nascimento, André Nóbrega Pitaluga, Carlos José Carvalho-Pinto, Antonio Bernardo Carvalho, Alexandre Afrânio Pei Tags: Research Source Type: research

Strongyloides stercoralis and hookworm co-infection: spatial distribution and determinants in Preah Vihear Province, Cambodia
Strongyloides stercoralis and hookworm are two soil-transmitted helminths (STH) that are highly prevalent in Cambodia. Strongyloides stercoralis causes long-lasting infections and significant morbidity but is lar... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 12, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Armelle Forrer, Virak Khieu, Fabian Sch är, Penelope Vounatsou, Frédérique Chammartin, Hanspeter Marti, Sinuon Muth and Peter Odermatt Tags: Research Source Type: research

ASGDB: a specialised genomic resource for interpreting Anopheles sinensis insecticide resistance
Anopheles sinensis is an important malaria vector in Southeast Asia. The widespread emergence of insecticide resistance in this mosquito species poses a serious threat to the efficacy of malaria control measures,... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 10, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Dan Zhou, Yang Xu, Cheng Zhang, Meng-Xue Hu, Yun Huang, Yan Sun, Lei Ma, Bo Shen and Chang-Liang Zhu Tags: Research Source Type: research

ASGDB: a specialised genomic resource for interpreting Anopheles sinensis insecticide  resistance
Anopheles sinensis is an important malaria vector in Southeast Asia. The widespread emergence of insecticide resistance in this mosquito species poses a serious threat to the efficacy of malaria control measures,... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 10, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Dan Zhou, Yang Xu, Cheng Zhang, Meng-Xue Hu, Yun Huang, Yan Sun, Lei Ma, Bo Shen and Chang-Liang Zhu Tags: Research Source Type: research

Tissue-specific transcriptomes of Anisakis simplex (sensu stricto) and Anisakis pegreffii reveal potential molecular mechanisms involved in pathogenicity
Larval stages of the sibling species of parasitic nematodes Anisakis simplex (sensu stricto) (s.s.) (AS) and Anisakis pegreffii (AP) are responsible for a fish-borne zoonosis, known as anisakiasis, that humans aq... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 10, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Serena Cavallero, Fabrizio Lombardo, Xiaopei Su, Marco Salvemini, Cinzia Cantacessi and Stefano D ’Amelio Tags: Research Source Type: research

Urogenital schistosomiasis in Cabo Delgado, northern Mozambique: baseline findings from the SCORE study
The results presented here are part of a five-year cluster-randomised intervention trial that was implemented to understand how best to gain and sustain control of schistosomiasis through different preventive ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 10, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Anna E. Phillips, Pedro H. Gazzinelli-Guimar ães, Herminio O. Aurelio, Neerav Dhanani, Josefo Ferro, Rassul Nala, Arminder Deol and Alan Fenwick Tags: Research Source Type: research

Combating Acanthamoeba spp. cysts: what are the options?
Acanthamoeba spp. are protist pathogens and causative agents of serious infections including keratitis and granulomatous amoebic encephalitis. Its ability to convert into dormant and highly resistant cysts form l... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 9, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ayaz Anwar, Naveed Ahmed Khan and Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui Tags: Review Source Type: research

Ecological distribution and population dynamics of Rift Valley fever virus mosquito vectors (Diptera, Culicidae) in Senegal
Many zoonotic infectious diseases have emerged and re-emerged over the last two decades. There has been a significant increase in vector-borne diseases due to climate variations that lead to environmental chan... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 9, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Biram Biteye, Assane G. Fall, Mamadou Ciss, Momar T. Seck, Andrea Apolloni, Moussa Fall, Annelise Tran and Geoffrey Gimonneau Tags: Research Source Type: research

Mosquito-borne arboviruses of African origin: review of key viruses and vectors
Key aspects of 36 mosquito-borne arboviruses indigenous to Africa are summarized, including lesser or poorly-known viruses which, like Zika, may have the potential to escape current sylvatic cycling to achieve... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 9, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Leo Braack, A. Paulo Gouveia de Almeida, Anthony J. Cornel, Robert Swanepoel and Christiaan de Jager Tags: Review Source Type: research

Prevalence of Cryptosporidium, microsporidia and Isospora infection in HIV-infected people: a global systematic review and meta-analysis
Diarrhea caused by opportunistic intestinal protozoa is a common problem in HIV infection. We aimed to establish the prevalence of Cryptosporidium, misrosporidia, and Isospora in HIV-infected people using a syste... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 9, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ze-Dong Wang, Quan Liu, Huan-Huan Liu, Shuang Li, Li Zhang, Yong-Kun Zhao and Xing-Quan Zhu Tags: Review Source Type: research

Understanding the relationship between egg- and antigen-based diagnostics of Schistosoma mansoni infection pre- and post-treatment in Uganda
Schistosomiasis is a major socio-economic and public health problem in many sub-Saharan African countries. After large mass drug administration (MDA) campaigns, prevalence of infection rapidly returns to pre-t... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 8, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Joaqu ín M. Prada, Panayiota Touloupou, Moses Adriko, Edridah M. Tukahebwa, Poppy H. L. Lamberton and T. Déirdre Hollingsworth Tags: Research Source Type: research

Anaplasma phagocytophilum in the highly endangered P ère David’s deer Elaphurus davidianus
Eighteen of 43 (41.8%) P ère David’s deer from Dafeng Elk National Natural Reserve, China, were positive for Anaplasma phagocytophilum based on real-time FRET-PCR and species-specific PCRs targeting the 16S rRNA o... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 8, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yi Yang, Zhangping Yang, Patrick Kelly, Jing Li, Yijun Ren and Chengming Wang Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

A cross-sectional study of the filarial and Leishmania co-endemicity in two ecologically distinct settings in Mali
Filariasis and leishmaniasis are two neglected tropical diseases in Mali. Due to distribution and associated clinical features, both diseases are of concern to public health. The goal of this study was to dete... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 8, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Moussa Brema Sangare, Yaya Ibrahim Coulibaly, Siaka Yamoussa Coulibaly, Michel Emmanuel Coulibaly, Bourama Traore, Ilo Dicko, Ibrahim Moussa Sissoko, Sibiry Samake, Sekou Fantamady Traore, Thomas Bruce Nutman, Jesus Gilberto Valenzuela, Ousmane Faye, Shad Tags: Research Source Type: research

Epidemiology, genetic variants and clinical course of natural infections with Anaplasma phagocytophilum in a dairy cattle herd
Anaplasma phagocytophilum is an obligate intracellular, tick-transmitted bacterium that causes granulocytic anaplasmosis in humans and several mammalian species including domestic ruminants where it is called tic... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 8, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Cornelia Silaghi, Marion Nieder, Carola Sauter-Louis, Gabriela Knubben-Schweizer, Kurt Pfister and Martin Pfeffer Tags: Research Source Type: research

The effect of patent Dictyocaulus viviparus (re)infections on individual milk yield and milk quality in pastured dairy cows and correlation with clinical signs
Infections with the bovine lungworm Dictyocaulus viviparus might lead to reduced milk production and detrimental impacts on milk quality resulting in considerable economic losses in dairy farming. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 8, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Katharina May, Kerstin Br ügemann, Sven König and Christina Strube Tags: Research Source Type: research

Infection dynamics and tissue tropism of Parvicapsula pseudobranchicola (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
The myxosporean parasite Parvicapsula pseudobranchicola commonly infects farmed Atlantic salmon in northern Norway. Heavy infections are associated with pseudobranch lesions, runting and mortality in the salmon p... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 6, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Are Nylund, Haakon Hansen, Øyvind J. Brevik, Håvard Hustoft, Turhan Markussen, Heidrun Plarre and Egil Karlsbakk Tags: Research Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a novel long-lasting pyriproxyfen larvicide (SumiLarv ®2MR) against Aedes mosquitoes in schools in Yangon, Myanmar
Mosquito-borne diseases are prevalent in Myanmar, with the number of dengue cases showing a significant increase in recent years. Dengue vectors have developed resistance to insecticides and currently used lar... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 6, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sai Zaw Min Oo, Sein Thaung, Yan Naung Maung Maung, Khin Myo Aye, Zar Zar Aung, Hlaing Myat Thu, Kyaw Zin Thant and Noboru Minakawa Tags: Research Source Type: research

Dynamics of anti-MSP3 and Pfs230 antibody responses and multiplicity of infection in asymptomatic children from southern Ghana
During a Plasmodium infection, exposure of human host immune cells to both the asexual and the sexual stages of the parasite elicit immune responses. These responses may be protective and prevent the development ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 5, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Linda E. Amoah, Festus K. Acquah, Ruth Ayanful-Torgby, Akua Oppong, Joana Abankwa, Evans K. Obboh, Susheel K. Singh and Michael Theisen Tags: Research Source Type: research

Should I stay or should I go? Movement of adult Triatoma sordida within the peridomestic area of a typical Brazilian Cerrado rural household
Chagas disease, or American trypanosomiasis, is an important neglected tropical illness caused by the flagellate protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, which is primarily transmitted to humans by hematophagous insects of t... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 5, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Edson Santos Dantas, Rodrigo Gurgel-Gon çalves, Daniel Antunes Maciel Villela, Fernando Araújo Monteiro and Rafael Maciel-de-Freitas Tags: Research Source Type: research

Bionomic aspects of Lutzomyia evansi and Lutzomyia longipalpis, proven vectors of Leishmania infantum in an endemic area of non-ulcerative cutaneous leishmaniasis in Honduras
Some Lutzomyia species are the vectors of human leishmaniasis in the Americas. Visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis are both endemic in the Pacific region of Honduras, but the non-ulcerative form is the more freq... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 5, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ángel Mejía, Gabriela Matamoros, Gustavo Fontecha and Wilfredo Sosa-Ochoa Tags: Research Source Type: research

MALDI-TOF MS as a new tool for the identification of Dientamoeba fragilis
In this study for the first time, a Dientamoeba fragilis protein profile by MALDI-TOF MS was created in order to identify specific markers for the application of this technology in the laboratory diagnosis of die... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 4, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Adriana Calderaro, Mirko Buttrini, Sara Montecchini, Sabina Rossi, Giovanna Piccolo, Maria Cristina Arcangeletti, Maria Cristina Medici, Carlo Chezzi and Flora De Conto Tags: Research Source Type: research

Culex pipiens pallens cuticular protein CPLCG5 participates in pyrethroid resistance by forming a rigid matrix
Chemical insecticides have hugely reduced the prevalence of vector-borne diseases around the world, but resistance threatens their continued effectiveness. Despite its importance, cuticle resistance is an unde... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 4, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yun Huang, Qin Guo, Xiaohong Sun, Cheng Zhang, Na Xu, Yang Xu, Dan Zhou, Yan Sun, Lei Ma, Changliang Zhu and Bo Shen Tags: Research Source Type: research

Recent insights into the tick microbiome gained through next-generation sequencing
The tick microbiome comprises communities of microorganisms, including viruses, bacteria and eukaryotes, and is being elucidated through modern molecular techniques. The advent of next-generation sequencing (N... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 4, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Telleasha L. Greay, Alexander W. Gofton, Andrea Paparini, Una M. Ryan, Charlotte L. Oskam and Peter J. Irwin Tags: Review Source Type: research

Antibody response to sand fly saliva is a marker of transmission intensity but not disease progression in dogs naturally infected with Leishmania infantum
Antibody responses to sand fly saliva have been suggested to be a useful marker of exposure to sand fly bites and Leishmania infection and a potential tool to monitor the effectiveness of entomological interventi... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 4, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Rupert J. Quinnell, Seyi Soremekun, Paul A. Bates, Matthew E. Rogers, Lourdes M. Garcez and Orin Courtenay Tags: Research Source Type: research

Population genetic structure of the Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) complex, vectors of West Nile virus, in five habitats
The Culex pipiens complex consists of several morphologically similar, closely related species. In the United States, Cx. pipiens L. is distributed North of 39 ° latitude, while Cx. quinquefasciatus Say occurs Sou... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 4, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Andrea L. Joyce, Etienne Melese, Phuong-Thao Ha and Allan Inman Tags: Research Source Type: research

Genotype and biotype of invasive Anopheles stephensi in Mannar Island of Sri Lanka
Anopheles stephensi, the major vector of urban malaria in India, was recently detected for the first time in Sri Lanka in Mannar Island on the northwestern coast. Since there are different biotypes of An. stephen... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 3, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sinnathamby N. Surendran, Kokila Sivabalakrishnan, Kanapathy Gajapathy, Sivasingham Arthiyan, Tibutius T. P. Jayadas, Kalingarajah Karvannan, Selvarajah Raveendran, S. H. P. Parakrama Karunaratne and Ranjan Ramasamy Tags: Research Source Type: research

Co-infections with multiple genotypes of Anaplasma marginale in cattle indicate pathogen diversity
Only a few studies have examined the presence of Anaplasma marginale and Anaplasma centrale in South Africa, and no studies have comprehensively examined these species across the whole country. To undertake this ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 3, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Paidashe Hove, Mamohale E. Chaisi, Kelly A. Brayton, Hamilton Ganesan, Helen N. Catanese, Moses S. Mtshali, Awelani M. Mutshembele, Marinda C. Oosthuizen and Nicola E. Collins Tags: Research Source Type: research

First detection and genetic characterisation of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in wild deer in Melbourne ’s water catchments in Australia
Enterocytozoon bieneusi is reported to be a common microsporidian of humans and animals in various countries. However, E. bieneusi has yet to be recorded in animals in Australia. Here, we undertook the first mole... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 3, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yan Zhang, Anson V. Koehler, Tao Wang, Shane R. Haydon and Robin B. Gasser Tags: Research Source Type: research

Evidence for multiple-insecticide resistance in urban Aedes albopictus populations in southern China
Aedes albopictus (Skuse) is an invasive mosquito that has become an important vector of chikungunya, dengue and Zika viruses. In the absence of specific antiviral therapy or a vaccine, vector management is the so... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 3, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yiji Li, Jiabao Xu, Daibin Zhong, Hong Zhang, Wenqiang Yang, Guofa Zhou, Xinghua Su, Yang Wu, Kun Wu, Songwu Cai, Guiyun Yan and Xiao-Guang Chen Tags: Research Source Type: research

P2X7 receptor mediates NLRP3-dependent IL-1 β secretion and parasite proliferation in Toxoplasma gondii-infected human small intestinal epithelial cells
Toxoplasma gondii can invade and replicate in all nucleated cells in a wide range of host species, and infection induces IL-1 β production. IL-1β plays central roles in the stimulation of the ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 2, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Juan-Hua Quan, Rui Huang, Zhuang Wang, Shuai Huang, In-Wook Choi, Yu Zhou, Young-Ha Lee and Jia-Qi Chu Tags: Research Source Type: research

Hidden diversity of Nycteribiidae (Diptera) bat flies from the Malagasy region and insights on host-parasite interactions
We present information on Nycteribiidae flies parasitizing the bat families Pteropodidae, Miniopteridae and Vespertilionidae from the Malagasy Region, contributing insight into their diversity and host prefere... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - December 29, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Beza Ramasindrazana, Steven M. Goodman, Yann Gomard, Carl W. Dick and Pablo Tortosa Tags: Short report Source Type: research

2-methyl butyramide, a previously identified urine biomarker for Ascaris lumbricoides, is not present in infected Indonesian individuals
Previous reports suggest that the 2-methyl butyramide and 2-methyl valeramide metabolites of Ascaris lumbricoides in urine of infected individuals could be considered as urinary biomarkers for active infection. W... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - December 29, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ole Lagatie, Emmanuel Njumbe Ediage, Jeroen A. Pikkemaat, Yenny Djuardi and Lieven J. Stuyver Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Dengue and yellow fever virus vectors: seasonal abundance, diversity and resting preferences in three Kenyan cities
The transmission patterns of dengue (DENV) and yellow fever (YFV) viruses, especially in urban settings, are influenced by Aedes (Stegomyia) mosquito abundance and behavior. Despite recurrent dengue outbreaks on ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - December 29, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sheila B. Agha, David P. Tchouassi, Armanda D. S. Bastos and Rosemary Sang Tags: Research Source Type: research

Virus-like particles vaccine containing Clonorchis sinensis tegumental protein induces partial protection against Clonorchis sinensis infection
Human clonorchiasis, caused by the infection of Clonorchis sinensis, is one of the major health problems in Southeast Asia. However, vaccine efficacy against C. sinensis infection remains largely unknown. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - December 29, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Dong-Hun Lee, Ah-Ra Kim, Su-Hwa Lee and Fu-Shi Quan Tags: Research Source Type: research

Bacterial diversity of wild-caught Lutzomyia longipalpis (a vector of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil) under distinct physiological conditions by metagenomics analysis
The leishmaniases are a group of diseases caused by protozoans of the genus Leishmania, which are transmitted by the bite of phlebotomine sand flies. In the New World, Lutzomyia longipalpis is the most important ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - December 29, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ana Clara Ara újo Machado Pires, Luís Eduardo Martinez Villegas, Thaís Bonifácio Campolina, Alessandra Silva Orfanó, Paulo Filemon Paolucci Pimenta and Nágila Francinete Costa Secundino Tags: Research Source Type: research

Acanthamoeba-mediated cytopathic effect correlates with MBP and AhLBP mRNA expression
In recent years, the concern of Acanthamoeba keratitis has increased since the infection is often associated with contact lens use. Partial 18S rRNA genotypic identification of Acanthamoeba isolates is important ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - December 28, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sook-Luan Ng, Anisah Nordin, Norzana Abd Ghafar, Yusof Suboh, Noraina Ab Rahim and Kien-Hui Chua Tags: Research Source Type: research

The impact of a single round of community mass treatment with azithromycin on disease severity and ocular Chlamydia trachomatis load in treatment-na ïve trachoma-endemic island communities in West Africa
Trachoma, a neglected tropical disease, is caused by ocular infection with Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct). The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends three annual rounds of community mass drug treatment with azit... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - December 28, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Anna R. Last, Sarah E. Burr, Emma Harding-Esch, Eunice Cassama, Meno Nabicassa, Chrissy h. Roberts, David C. W. Mabey, Martin J. Holland and Robin L. Bailey Tags: Research Source Type: research

Family level variation in Wolbachia-mediated dengue virus blocking in Aedes aegypti
The mosquito vector Aedes aegypti is responsible for transmitting a range of arboviruses including dengue (DENV) and Zika (ZIKV). The global reach of these viruses is increasing due to an expansion of the mosquit... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - December 28, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Gerard Terradas, Scott L. Allen, Stephen F. Chenoweth and Elizabeth A. McGraw Tags: Research Source Type: research

What does not kill it makes it weaker: effects of sub-lethal concentrations of ivermectin on the locomotor activity of Anopheles aquasalis
Malaria remains a major public health concern. Vector control measures based solely on insecticide treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) have demonstrated not to be feasible for malaria elimin... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - December 28, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Vanderson de Souza Sampaio, Gustavo Bueno da Silva Rivas, Kevin Kobylinski, Yudi Tatiana Pinilla, Paulo Filemon Paolluci Pimenta, Jos é Bento Pereira Lima, Rafaela Vieira Bruno, Marcus Vinícius Guimarães Lacerda and Wuelton Marcelo Monteiro Tags: Research Source Type: research

Photoperiodic responses of Sahelian malaria mosquitoes Anopheles coluzzii and An. arabiensis
Throughout large parts of sub-Saharan Africa, seasonal malaria transmission follows mosquito density, approaching zero during the dry season and peaking during the wet season. The mechanisms by which malaria m... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - December 27, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Diana L. Huestis, Monica L. Artis, Peter A. Armbruster and Tovi Lehmann Tags: Research Source Type: research

Cost-effective larval diet mixtures for mass rearing of Anopheles arabiensis Patton (Diptera: Culicidae)
Larval nutrition, particularly diet quality, is a key driver in providing sufficient numbers of high quality mosquitoes for biological control strategies such as the sterile insect technique. The diet currentl... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - December 22, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nanwintoum S éverin Bimbilé Somda, Kounbobr Roch Dabiré, Hamidou Maiga, Hanano Yamada, Wadaka Mamai, Olivier Gnankiné, Abdoulaye Diabaté, Antoine Sanon, Jeremy Bouyer and Jeremie Lionel Gilles Tags: Research Source Type: research

The Asian fish tapeworm Schyzocotyle acheilognathi is widespread in baitfish retail stores  in Michigan, USA
This study was d... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - December 22, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Traimat Boonthai, Seth J. Herbst, Gary E. Whelan, Michelle Gunn Van Deuren, Thomas P. Loch and Mohamed Faisal Tags: Research Source Type: research

Enhanced expressions of neurodegeneration-associated factors, UPS impairment, and excess A β accumulation in the hippocampus of mice with persistent cerebral toxocariasis
Toxocariasis is a worldwide zoonotic parasitic disease mainly caused by Toxocara canis. Humans can be infected by accidental ingestion of T. canis embryonated ovum-contaminated food, water, or encapsulated larvae... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - December 22, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Chia-Mei Chou, Yueh-Lun Lee, Chien-Wei Liao, Ying-Chieh Huang and Chia-Kwung Fan Tags: Research Source Type: research

Selection strategy of phage-displayed immunogens based on an in vitro evaluation of the Th1 response of PBMCs and their potential use as a vaccine against Leishmania infantum infection
The development of a vaccine for the prevention of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) still represents a significant unmet medical need. A human vaccine can be found if one takes into consideration that many people l... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - December 21, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Fernanda Fonseca Ramos, Lourena Emanuele Costa, Daniel Silva Dias, Tha ís Teodoro Oliveira Santos, Marcella Rezende Rodrigues, Daniela Pagliara Lage, Beatriz Cristina Silveira Salles, Vívian Tamietti Martins, Patrícia Aparecida Fernandes Ribeiro, Migue Tags: Research Source Type: research