Vertical stratification of sand fly diversity in relation to natural infections of Leishmania sp. and blood-meal sources in Jamari National Forest, Rond ônia State, Brazil
Almost 1000 cases of American cutaneous leishmaniasis have been registered yearly in Rond ônia State, Brazil. Little is known about the Leishmania transmission cycle (vectors and reservoirs) in the state. This stu... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 17, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Paula de Oliveira Le ão, Antonio Marques Pereira Júnior, Paula Frassinetti Medeiros de Paulo, Luis Paulo Costa Carvalho, Ana Beatriz Nascimento Souza, Michelli Santos da Silva, Thaís Santos Castro, Moisés Thiago de Souza Freitas, Moreno Magalhães de Tags: Research Source Type: research

Molecular detection of pathogens in ticks and fleas collected from companion dogs and cats in East and Southeast Asia
Ticks and fleas are considered amongst the most important arthropod vectors of medical and veterinary concern due to their ability to transmit pathogens to a range of animal species including dogs, cats and hu... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 15, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Viet-Linh Nguyen, Vito Colella, Grazia Greco, Fang Fang, Wisnu Nurcahyo, Upik Kesumawati Hadi, Virginia Venturina, Kenneth Boon Yew Tong, Yi-Lun Tsai, Piyanan Taweethavonsawat, Saruda Tiwananthagorn, Sahatchai Tangtrongsup, Thong Quang Le, Khanh Linh Bui, Tags: Research Source Type: research

Assessing the diversity and distribution of potential intermediate hosts snails for urogenital schistosomiasis: Bulinus spp. (Gastropoda: Planorbidae) of Lake Victoria
The Lake Victoria basin is one of the most persistent hotspots of schistosomiasis in Africa, the intestinal form of the disease being studied more often than the urogenital form. Most schistosomiasis studies h... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 14, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Fred D. Chibwana, Immaculate Tumwebaze, Anna Mahulu, Arthur F. Sands and Christian Albrecht Tags: Research Source Type: research

Delivering ‘tiny targets’ in a remote region of southern Chad: a cost analysis of tsetse control in the Mandoul sleeping sickness focus
Since 2012, the World Health Organisation and the countries affected by the Gambian form of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) have been committed to eliminating the disease, primarily through active case-fin... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 14, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jean-Baptiste Rayaisse, Fabrice Courtin, Mahamat Hiss éne Mahamat, Mahamat Chérif, Wilfrid Yoni, Nadmba M. O. Gadjibet, Mallaye Peka, Philippe Solano, Steve J. Torr and Alexandra P. M. Shaw Tags: Research Source Type: research

Genetic structure of the mosquito Aedes aegypti in local forest and domestic habitats in Gabon and Kenya
The mosquito Aedes aegypti is a devastating disease vector transmitting several important human arboviral diseases. In its native range in Africa, the mosquito can be found in both the ancestral forest habitat an... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 13, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Siyang Xia, Luciano V. Cosme, Joel Lutomiah, Rosemary Sang, Marc F. Ngangue, Nil Rahola, Diego Ayala and Jeffrey R. Powell Tags: Research Source Type: research

Molecular analysis of polymorphic species of the genus Marshallagia (Nematoda: Ostertagiinae)
The genus Marshallagia (Family Haemonchidae, subfamily Ostertagiinae) contains multiple species of nematodes parasitising the abomasum (or duodenum) of ruminants, in particular of Caprinae. Male specimens have be... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 12, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Abdurakhim Kuchboev, Khanifakhon Sobirova, Rokhatoy Karimova, Oybek Amirov, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna and J ürgen Krücken Tags: Research Source Type: research

Induction of long-lived potential aestivation states in laboratory An. gambiae mosquitoes
How anopheline mosquitoes persist through the long dry season in Africa remains a gap in our understanding of these malaria vectors. To span this period in locations such as the Sahelian zone of Mali, mosquito... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 12, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Benjamin J. Krajacich, Margery Sullivan, Roy Faiman, Laura Veru, Leland Graber and Tovi Lehmann Tags: Research Source Type: research

Natural Wolbachia infection in field-collected Anopheles and other mosquito species from Malaysia
The endosymbiont bacterium Wolbachia is maternally inherited and naturally infects some filarial nematodes and a diverse range of arthropods, including mosquito vectors responsible for disease transmission in hum... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 12, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Meng Li Wong, Jonathan Wee Kent Liew, Wai Kit Wong, Sandthya Pramasivan, Norzihan Mohamed Hassan, Wan Yusoff Wan Sulaiman, Nantha Kumar Jeyaprakasam, Cherng Shii Leong, Van Lun Low and Indra Vythilingam Tags: Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of a new live recombinant vaccine against cutaneous leishmaniasis in BALB/c mice
Leishmaniasis is a serious health problem in some parts of the world. In spite of the many known leishmaniasis control measures, the disease has continued to increase in endemic areas, and no effective vaccine... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 12, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Samira Salari, Iraj Sharifi, Ali Reza Keyhani and Pooya Ghasemi Nejad Almani Tags: Research Source Type: research

Clinical helminthiases in Thailand border regions show elevated prevalence levels using qPCR diagnostics combined with traditional microscopic methods
Under-regulated national borders in Southeast Asia represent potential regions for enhanced parasitic helminth transmission and present barriers to helminthiasis disease control. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 12, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Poom Adisakwattana, Tippayarat Yoonuan, Orawan Phuphisut, Akkarin Poodeepiyasawat, Nirundorn Homsuwan, Catherine A. Gordon, Donald P. McManus, Louise E. Atkinson, Angela Mousley and Geoffrey N. Gobert Tags: Research Source Type: research

Molecular identification of head lice collected in Franceville (Gabon) and their associated bacteria
Pediculus humanus, which includes two ecotypes (body and head lice), is an obligate bloodsucking parasite that co-evolved with their human hosts over thousands of years, thus providing a valuable source of inform... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 11, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Celia Scherelle Boumbanda-Koyo, Oleg Mediannikov, Nadia Amanzougaghene, Sandrine Lydie Oyegue-Liabagui, Rom éo Karl Imboumi-Limoukou, Didier Raoult, Jean Bernard Lekana-Douki and Florence Fenollar Tags: Research Source Type: research

Angiostrongylus cantonensis causes cognitive impairments in heavily infected BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice
Parasitic infections may cause significant effects on behavior, learning, and memory of the host. In the brain of mice heavily infected with Angiostrongylus cantonensis, severe damage has been observed in the hip... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 10, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Kai-Yuan Jhan, Guan-Jhih Lai, Pi-Kai Chang, Ren-Yu Tang, Chien-Ju Cheng, Kuang-Yao Chen and Lian-Chen Wang Tags: Research Source Type: research

Resistance to commonly used insecticides and underlying mechanisms of resistance in Aedes aegypti (L.) from Sri Lanka
Drastic increases of dengue fever (DF) over the past few years have prompted studies on the development of resistance to insecticides in the mosquito vector, Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus). In Sri Lanka control of the ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 10, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: H. Sachini D. Fernando, Karla Saavedra-Rodriguez, Rushika Perera, William C. Black IV and B. G. D. Nissanka Kolitha De Silva Tags: Research Source Type: research

Climate and tree seed production predict the abundance of the European Lyme disease vector over a 15-year period
To predict the risk of tick-borne disease, it is critical to understand the ecological factors that determine the abundance of ticks. In Europe, the sheep tick (Ixodes ricinus) transmits a number of important dis... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 10, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Cindy Bregnard, Olivier Rais and Maarten Jeroen Voordouw Tags: Research Source Type: research

Coronavirus in cat flea: findings and questions regarding COVID-19
The coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has affected millions of people worldwide. Recent evidence raised the question about the po... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 10, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Margarita Villar, Isabel G. Fern ández de Mera, Sara Artigas-Jerónimo, Marinela Contreras, Christian Gortázar and José de la Fuente Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

In vitro shared transcriptomic responses of Aedes aegypti to arboviral infections: example of dengue and Rift Valley fever viruses
Arthropod borne virus infections are the cause of severe emerging diseases. Among the diseases due to arboviruses, dengue (DEN) and Rift Valley fever (RVF) are in the top ten in the list of diseases responsibl... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 5, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: S éverine Licciardi, Etienne Loire, Eric Cardinale, Marie Gislard, Emeric Dubois and Catherine Cêtre-Sossah Tags: Research Source Type: research

Species composition and relative abundance of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in Romania
Culicoides biting midges are vectors involved in the biological transmission cycle of important animal diseases such as bluetongue and African horse sickness. In Romania, the first outbreaks of bluetongue were re... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 3, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Doru Hristescu, Florica B ărbuceanu, Lenuța Dascălu, Cristina Nițescu, Maria Goffredo, Adriana Santilli, Michela Quaglia, Thomas Balenghien and Gabriel Predoi Tags: Research Source Type: research

Laboratory colonization and maintenance of Anopheles atroparvus from the Ebro Delta, Spain
Historically, Anopheles atroparvus has been considered one of the most important malaria vectors in Europe. Since malaria was eradicated from the European continent, the interest in studying its vectors reduced s... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 3, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Lotty Birnberg, Carles Aranda, Sandra Talavera, Ana I. N úñez, Raúl Escosa and Núria Busquets Tags: Methodology Source Type: research

First multilocus sequence typing (MLST) of Giardia duodenalis isolates from humans in Romania
Giardia duodenalis is one of the most prevalent and highly diverse human parasites, encompassing a complex of eight genetically distinct assemblages, each further divided into sub-assemblages. While in recent yea... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 31, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Carmen Costache, Zsuzsa Kalm ár, Horațiu Alexandru Colosi, Alina Mihaela Baciu, Răzvan Vlad Opriş, Adriana Györke and Ioana Alina Colosi Tags: Research Source Type: research

Fluorescent bead-based serological detection of Toxoplasma gondii infection in chickens
Free-ranging chickens are often infected with Toxoplasma gondii and seroconvert upon infection. This indicates environmental contamination with T. gondii. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 31, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Benedikt T. Fabian, Fatima Hedar, Martin Koethe, Berit Bangoura, Pavlo Maksimov, Franz J. Conraths, Isabelle Villena, Dominique Aubert, Frank Seeber and Gereon Schares Tags: Research Source Type: research

Understanding sand fly sampling methods: sticky traps are attraction-based and not interceptive sampling tools of Phlebotomus orientalis
In this study, we tested this assumption experimentally for P... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 31, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Dia-Eldin Elnaiem, Altayeb Khogali, Bashir Alsharif, Osman Dakein, Tayseer Jibreel, Mohamed Hassan, Hassan H. Edries, Hanan Elhadi, Bakri Elnur, Omran F. Osman, Margriet den Boer, Jorge Alvar and Noteila M. Khalid Tags: Research Source Type: research

Identification of protective peptides of Fasciola hepatica-derived cathepsin L1 (FhCL1) in vaccinated sheep by a linear B-cell epitope mapping approach
Fasciolosis is one of the most important parasitic diseases of livestock. The need for better control strategies gave rise to the identification of various vaccine candidates. The recombinant form of a member ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 31, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Leandro Buffoni, Laura Garza-Cuartero, Ra úl Pérez-Caballero, Rafael Zafra, F. Javier Martínez-Moreno, Verónica Molina-Hernández, José Pérez, Álvaro Martínez-Moreno and Grace Mulcahy Tags: Research Source Type: research

Efficacy of a low dose fipronil bait against blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis) larvae feeding on white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus) under laboratory conditions
Lyme disease is the most prevalent vector-borne disease in the USA with cases continuing to increase. Current control measures have not been shown to be impactful, and therefore alternatives are needed. Treati... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 31, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: David M. Poch é, Gregory Franckowiak, Tyler Clarke, Batchimeg Tseveenjav, Larisa Polyakova and Richard M. Poché Tags: Research Source Type: research

Dermatobia hominis in a dog imported from Brazil to Romania
Dermatobia hominis (Diptera: Oestridae: Cuterebrinae) is a parasite with an important zoonotic and economical impact in the cattle industry, distributed in Central and South America, inhabiting wooded areas along... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 30, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Georgiana Deak, Angela Monica Ionic ă, Giulia Nădășan-Cozma and Andrei Daniel Mihalca Tags: Short report Source Type: research

The great potential of entomopathogenic bacteria Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus for mosquito control: a review
The control of insects of medical importance, such as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are still the only effective way to prevent the transmission of diseases, such as dengue, chikungunya and Zika. Their contr... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Wellington Junior da Silva, Harry Luiz Pilz-J únior, Ralf Heermann and Onilda Santos da Silva Tags: Review Source Type: research

Rapid detection of Babesia motasi responsible for human babesiosis by cross-priming amplification combined with a vertical flow
Babesia motasi is known as an etiological agent of human and ovine babesiosis. Diagnosis of babesiosis is traditionally performed by microscopy, examining Giemsa-stained thin peripheral blood smears. Rapid detect... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jinming Wang, Shandian Gao, Shangdi Zhang, Xin He, Junlong Liu, Aihong Liu, Youquan Li, Guangyuan Liu, Jianxun Luo, Guiquan Guan and Hong Yin Tags: Research Source Type: research

Detection of human intestinal protozoan parasites in vegetables and fruits: a review
Diarrheal diseases caused by intestinal protozoan parasites are a major food-borne public health problem across the world. Vegetables and fruits provide important nutrients and minerals, but are also common so... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Junqiang Li, Zhenzhen Wang, Md Robiul Karim and Longxian Zhang Tags: Review Source Type: research

Identification and validation of a commercial cryopreservation medium for the practical preservation of Dirofilaria immitis microfilaria
Dirofilaria immitis is a parasitic nematode transmitted by mosquitoes and the cause of heartworm disease in dogs and dirofilariasis in humans and other mammals. The parasite is endemic worldwide. Vector stage res... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Takahiro Shirozu, Akira Soga and Shinya Fukumoto Tags: Methodology Source Type: research

Field safety and efficacy of an orally administered combination of sarolaner, moxidectin and pyrantel (Simparica Trio ®) for the prevention of angiostrongylosis in dogs presented as veterinary patients
Infection with the cardiopulmonary nematode Angiostrongylus vasorum may cause severe disease in dogs, therefore prophylactic treatments are necessary to prevent infection in dogs at risk. A clinical field study w... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Csilla Becskei, Jakob L. Willesen, Manuela Schnyder, Magda Wozniakiewicz, Nataliya Miroshnikova and Sean P. Mahabir Tags: Research Source Type: research

Eimeria tenella Eimeria-specific protein that interacts with apical membrane antigen 1 (EtAMA1) is involved in host cell invasion
Avian coccidiosis is a widespread, economically significant disease of poultry, caused by several Eimeria species. These parasites have complex and diverse life-cycles that require invasion of their host cells. T... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 25, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Cong Li, Qiping Zhao, Shunhai Zhu, Qingjie Wang, Haixia Wang, Shuilan Yu, Yu Yu, Shashan Liang, Huanzhi Zhao, Bing Huang, Hui Dong and Hongyu Han Tags: Research Source Type: research

Neospora caninum infection induces an isolate virulence-dependent pro-inflammatory gene expression profile in bovine monocyte-derived macrophages
Neospora caninum is an obligate intracellular parasite, and its ability to survive inside host immune cells may be a key mechanism for the establishment of infection in cattle. In vitro studies carried out by our... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 25, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Marta Garc ía-Sánchez, Laura Jiménez-Pelayo, Pilar Horcajo, Esther Collantes-Fernández, Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora and Javier Regidor-Cerrillo Tags: Research Source Type: research

Characterization of a Monanema nematode in Ixodes scapularis
Metagenomic studies have revealed the presence of a filarial nematode in Ixodes scapularis. The phylogeny of this agent, and its potential for human infection, are unknown. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 24, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Rafal Tokarz, Teresa Tagliafierro, W. Ian Lipkin and Adriana R. Marques Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Understanding transmission and control of the pork tapeworm with CystiAgent: a spatially explicit agent-based model
The pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, is a serious public health problem in rural low-resource areas of Latin America, Africa and Asia, where the associated conditions of nuerocysticercosis (NCC) and porcine cysticer... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 24, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ian W. Pray, Wayne Wakeland, William Pan, William E. Lambert, Hector H. Garcia, Armando E. Gonzalez and Seth E. O ’Neal Tags: Research Source Type: research

Molecular detection and genetic characteristics of Babesia gibsoni in dogs in Shaanxi Province, China
This study sought to determine the prevalence and... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 22, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Wen-Ping Guo, Guang-Cheng Xie, Dan Li, Meng Su, Rui Jian and Luan-Ying Du Tags: Research Source Type: research

Identification and genotyping of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in wild Himalayan marmots (Marmota himalayana) and Alashan ground squirrels (Spermophilus alashanicus) in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau area (QTPA) of Gansu Province, China
Enterocytozoon bieneusi is the most frequently detected microsporidian species in humans and animals. Currently, to the best of our knowledge, no information on E. bieneusi infection in Himalayan marmots (Marmota... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 22, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jie Xu, Xin Wang, Huaiqi Jing, Shengkui Cao, Xiaofan Zhang, Yanyan Jiang, Jianhai Yin, Jianping Cao and Yujuan Shen Tags: Research Source Type: research

The role of the Acanthamoeba castellanii Sir2-like protein in the growth and encystation of Acanthamoeba
The encystation of Acanthamoeba leads to the development of resilient cysts from vegetative trophozoites. This process is essential for the survival of parasites under unfavorable conditions. Previous studies hav... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 22, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: So-Young Joo, Ja Moon Aung, Minsang Shin, Eun-Kyung Moon, Hyun-Hee Kong, Youn-Kyoung Goo, Dong-Il Chung and Yeonchul Hong Tags: Research Source Type: research

Identification and antigenicity of the Babesia caballi spherical body protein 4 (SBP4)
The tick-borne intra-erythrocytic apicomplexan Babesia caballi is one of the etiological agents of equine babesiosis, an economically important disease of equids in most tropical and subtropical areas of the worl... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 22, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Mona S. Mahmoud, Omnia M. Kandil, Nadia T. Abu El-Ezz, Seham H. M. Hendawy, Bassma S. M. Elsawy, Donald P. Knowles, Reginaldo G. Bastos, Lowell S. Kappmeyer, Jacob M. Laughery, Heba F. Alzan and Carlos E. Suarez Tags: Research Source Type: research

Physiological evidence that three known mutations in the para-sodium channel gene confer cypermethrin knockdown resistance in Rhipicephalus microplus
Acaricide resistance is a central problem for the control of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus. The physiological effects and phenotypes of the mutations that cause acaricide resistance are not always well ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 22, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Raquel Coss ío-Bayúgar, Estefan Miranda-Miranda, Francisco Martínez-Ibañez, Verónica Narváez-Padilla and Enrique Reynaud Tags: Research Source Type: research

MALDI-TOF MS: optimization for future uses in entomological surveillance and identification of mosquitoes from New Caledonia
Mosquito vectors cause a significant human public health burden through the transmission of pathogens. Due to the expansion of international travel and trade, the dispersal of these mosquito vectors and the pa... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 20, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Antsa Rakotonirina, Morgane Pol, Malia Kainiu, Emilie Barsac, Jordan Tutagata, Sosiasi Kilama, Olivia O ’Connor, Arnaud Tarantola, Julien Colot, Myrielle Dupont-Rouzeyrol, Vincent Richard and Nicolas Pocquet Tags: Research Source Type: research

Infection patterns of dengue, Zika and endosymbiont Wolbachia in the mosquito Aedes albopictus in Hong Kong
The mosquito Aedes albopictus is a vector of dengue and Zika viruses. Insecticide-resistant mosquito populations have evolved in recent decades, suggesting that new control strategies are needed. Hong Kong has a ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 20, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Elaine Y. Y. Huang, Annette Y. P. Wong, Ivy H. T. Lee, Zhe Qu, Ho Yin Yip, Chi-wah Leung, Shuk-may Yin and Jerome H. L. Hui Tags: Research Source Type: research

Activities of artesunate-based combinations and tafenoquine against Babesia bovis in vitro and Babesia microti in vivo
Babesiosis represents a veterinary and medical threat, with a need for novel drugs. Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACT) have been successfully implemented for malaria, a human disease caused by relat... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 20, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Leonardo J. M. Carvalho, Bunduurem Tuvshintulga, Arifin B. Nugraha, Thillaiampalam Sivakumar and Naoaki Yokoyama Tags: Research Source Type: research

Cytokine profile and nitric oxide levels in peritoneal macrophages of BALB/c mice exposed to the fucose-mannose ligand of Leishmania infantum combined with glycyrrhizin
The fucose-mannose ligand (FML) of Leishmania infantum is a complex glycoprotein which does not elicit adequate immunogenicity in humans. In recent years, adjuvant compounds derived from plants have been used for... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 20, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Hasan Namdar Ahmadabad, Reza Shafiei, Gholam Reza Hatam, Reza Zolfaghari Emameh and Ashok Aspatwar Tags: Research Source Type: research

Evaluation and utility of mitochondrial ribosomal genes for molecular systematics of parasitic nematodes
Molecular advances have accelerated our understanding of nematode systematics and taxonomy. However, comparative analyzes between various genetic markers have led to discrepancies in nematode phylogenies. This... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 20, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Abigail Hui En Chan, Kittipong Chaisiri, Serge Morand, Naowarat Saralamba and Urusa Thaenkham Tags: Research Source Type: research

Resting behavior of Aedes aegypti in southeastern Senegal
Only the sylvatic and zoophilic population of Aedes aegypti was formerly identified in southeastern Senegal. A newly established anthropophilic population was detected in the urban area of the Kedougou city. Beca... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 18, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Diawo Diallo and Mawlouth Diallo Tags: Research Source Type: research

Characterization of a female germline and early zygote promoter from the transcription factor bZip1 in the dengue mosquito Aedes aegypti
The wide distribution of Aedes aegypti, the main vector of dengue and yellow fever viruses, currently puts three billion people in the world at risk of infection with these viruses. Continuous transmission of the... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 17, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Bianca B. Kojin, James K. Biedler, Zhijian Tu and Zach N. Adelman Tags: Research Source Type: research

A new protocol for absolute quantification of haemosporidian parasites in raptors and comparison with current assays
Accurate quantification of infection intensity is essential to estimate infection patterns of avian haemosporidian parasites in order to understand the evolution of host-parasite associations. Traditional micr... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 17, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Xi Huang, Di Huang, Yuge Liang, Linlin Zhang, Guocheng Yang, Boye Liu, Yangyang Peng, Wenhong Deng and Lu Dong Tags: Methodology Source Type: research

Fasciola gigantica excretory-secretory products (FgESPs) modulate the differentiation and immune functions of buffalo dendritic cells through a mechanism involving DNMT1 and TET1
Fasciola gigantica infection threatens the health of both humans and animals in the world. The excretory/secretory products (ESPs) of this fluke has been reported to impair the activation and maturation of immune... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 17, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Xuefang Mei, Wei Shi, Wenping Zhao, Honglin Luo, Yaoyao Zhang, Yurui Wang, Zhaoan Sheng, Dongying Wang, Xing-Quan Zhu and Weiyi Huang Tags: Research Source Type: research

Preventive efficacy of four or six monthly oral doses of 24 µg/kg moxidectin compared to six monthly doses of Heartgard® Plus or Interceptor® Plus against macrocyclic lactone-resistant heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) strains in dogs
Recent reports indicated that increasing the monthly oral dosage and the number of consecutive monthly doses of moxidectin improved the efficacy against macrocyclic lactone (ML)-resistant Dirofilaria immitis. The... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 14, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Kristina Kryda, Susan Holzmer, William R. Everett, John W. McCall, Sean P. Mahabir, Tom L. McTier and Steven J. Maeder Tags: Research Source Type: research

Large-scale countrywide screening for tick-borne pathogens in field-collected ticks in Latvia during 2017 –2019
Tick-borne diseases are of substantial concern worldwide in both humans and animals. Several hard tick species are of medical and veterinary interest in Europe, and changes in the range of tick species can aff... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 14, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Valentina Capligina, Maija Seleznova, Sarmite Akopjana, Lauma Freimane, Marija Lazovska, Rudolfs Krumins, Agnija Kivrane, Agne Namina, Darja Aleinikova, Janis Kimsis, Alisa Kazarina, Viktorija Igumnova, Antra Bormane and Renate Ranka Tags: Research Source Type: research

Measuring mosquito control: adult-mosquito catches vs egg-trap data as endpoints of a cluster-randomized controlled trial of mosquito-disseminated pyriproxyfen
Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus are the main urban vectors of arthropod-borne viruses causing human disease, including dengue, Zika, or West Nile. Although key to disease prevention, urban-mosquito contr... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 14, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Klauss K. S. Garcia, Hanid S. Versiani, Ta ís O. Araújo, João P. A. Conceição, Marcos T. Obara, Walter M. Ramalho, Thaís T. C. Minuzzi-Souza, Gustavo D. Gomes, Elisa N. Vianna, Renata V. Timbó, Vinicios G. C. Barbosa, Maridalva S. P. Rezende, Lucia Tags: Research Source Type: research