Characterization of a serine protease inhibitor from Trichinella spiralis and its participation in larval invasion of host ’s intestinal epithelial cells
Trichinella spiralis serine protease inhibitor (TsSPI) was identified in ES proteins of adult worms (AW), the TsSPI gene was highly expressed at enteral stage worms (AW and newborn larvae), distributed mainly in ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - September 6, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yan Yan Song, Yao Zhang, Hua Nan Ren, Ge Ge Sun, Xin Qi, Fan Yang, Peng Jiang, Xi Zhang, Jing Cui and Zhong Quan Wang Tags: Research Source Type: research

Expression of free radicals by peritoneal cells of sheep during the early stages of Fasciola hepatica infection
The majority of vaccination studies against infection with F. hepatica in a natural host have been conducted at the late stage of the infection when the host's immune response is already immunomodulated by the pa... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - September 6, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ra úl Pérez-Caballero, Leandro Buffoni, F. Javier Martínez-Moreno, Rafael Zafra, Verónica Molina-Hernández, José Pérez and Álvaro Martínez-Moreno Tags: Research Source Type: research

Modelling the spatial distribution of aquatic insects (Order Hemiptera) potentially involved in the transmission of Mycobacterium ulcerans in Africa
Biting aquatic insects belonging to the order Hemiptera have been suggested as potential vectors of Mycobacterium ulcerans in endemic areas for Buruli ulcer (BU). If this is the case, these insects would be expec... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - September 6, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jorge Cano, Antonio Rodr íguez, Hope Simpson, Earnest N. Tabah, Jose F. Gómez and Rachel L. Pullan Tags: Research Source Type: research

First cross-sectional, molecular epidemiological survey of Cryptosporidium, Giardia and Enterocytozoon in alpaca (Vicugna pacos) in Australia
Eukaryotic pathogens, including Cryptosporidium, Giardia and Enterocytozoon, have been implicated in neonatal diarrhoea, leading to marked morbidity and mortality in the alpaca (Vicugna pacos) and llama (Lama gla... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - September 5, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Anson V. Koehler, Mohammed H. Rashid, Yan Zhang, Jane L. Vaughan, Robin B. Gasser and Abdul Jabbar Tags: Research Source Type: research

Mind the weather: a report on inter-annual variations in entomological data within a rural community under insecticide-treated wall lining installation in Kwara State, Nigeria
Entomological indices within a specific area vary with climatic factors such as rainfall, temperature and relative humidity. Contributions of such weather parameter fluctuations to the changes in entomological... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - September 4, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Abiodun Obembe, Kehinde O. K. Popoola, Adedayo O. Oduola and Samson T. Awolola Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Sequence and structural variation in the genome of the Biomphalaria glabrata embryonic (Bge) cell line
The aquatic pulmonate snail Biomphalaria glabrata is a significant vector and laboratory host for the parasitic flatworm Schistosoma mansoni, an etiological agent for the neglected tropical disease schistosomiasi... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - September 4, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nicolas J. Wheeler, Nathalie Dinguirard, Joshua Marquez, Adrian Gonzalez, Mostafa Zamanian, Timothy P. Yoshino and Maria G. Castillo Tags: Research Source Type: research

Transmission of Rickettsia raoultii and Rickettsia massiliae DNA by Dermacentor reticulatus and Rhipicephalus sanguineus (s.l.) ticks during artificial feeding
Tick-borne rickettsial pathogens are emerging worldwide and pose an increased health risk to both humans and animals. A plethora of rickettsial species has been identified in ticks recovered from human and ani... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - September 3, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Emanuela Olivieri, Michiel Wijnveld, Marise Bonga, Laura Berger, Maria T. Manfredi, Fabrizia Veronesi and Frans Jongejan Tags: Research Source Type: research

Diverse tick-borne microorganisms identified in free-living ungulates in Slovakia
Free-living ungulates are hosts of ixodid ticks and reservoirs of tick-borne microorganisms in central Europe and many regions around the world. Tissue samples and engorged ticks were obtained from roe deer, r... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - September 3, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: M ária Kazimírová, Zuzana Hamšíková, Eva Špitalská, Lenka Minichová, Lenka Mahríková, Radoslav Caban, Hein Sprong, Manoj Fonville, Leonhard Schnittger and Elena Kocianová Tags: Research Source Type: research

A comparative analysis of heartworm medication use patterns for dogs that also receive ectoparasiticides
Heartworm medications and many oral or topical flea and tick products are provided as monthly doses while a newer oral flea/tick product, fluralaner (BRAVECTO ® Chew), is re-dosed at a 12-week interval. This st... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 31, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Robert Lavan, Kathleen Heaney, Srinivasan Rajagopalan Vaduvoor and Kaan Tunceli Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Prevalence of intestinal parasites, with emphasis on the molecular epidemiology of Giardia duodenalis and Blastocystis sp., in the Paranagu á Bay, Brazil: a community survey
Intestinal protozoan parasites are major contributors to the global burden of gastrointestinal disease causing significant socioeconomic consequences. Children living in resource-poor settings with restricted ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 30, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Raimundo Segu í, Carla Muñoz-Antoli, Debora R. Klisiowicz, Camila Y. Oishi, Pamela C. Köster, Aida de Lucio, Marta Hernández-de-Mingo, Paula Puente, Rafael Toledo, José G. Esteban and David Carmena Tags: Research Source Type: research

High levels of human infection with Trypanosoma cruzi associated with the domestic density of infected vectors and hosts in a rural area of northeastern Argentina
Insecticide spraying campaigns designed to suppress the principal vectors of the Chagas disease usually lack an active surveillance system that copes with house reinvasion. Following an insecticide campaign wi... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 30, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Marta Victoria Cardinal, Paula Andrea Sartor, Mar ía Sol Gaspe, Gustavo Fabián Enriquez, Ivana Colaianni and Ricardo Esteban Gürtler Tags: Research Source Type: research

Bartonella infections in three species of Microtus: prevalence and genetic diversity, vertical transmission and the effect of concurrent Babesia microti infection on its success
Bartonella spp. cause persistent bacterial infections in mammals. Although these bacteria are transmitted by blood-feeding arthropods, there is also evidence for vertical transmission in their mammalian hosts. We... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 30, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Katarzyna To łkacz, Mohammed Alsarraf, Maciej Kowalec, Dorota Dwużnik, Maciej Grzybek, Jerzy M. Behnke and Anna Bajer Tags: Research Source Type: research

Laboratory evaluations of the 3-month efficacy of oral lotilaner (Credelio ™) against experimental infestations of dogs with the Australian paralysis tick, Ixodes holocyclus
From three days following host attachment, the Australian paralysis tick, Ixodes holocyclus, secretes a neurotoxin that annually causes paralysis in approximately 10,000 domestic pets. Lotilaner, a novel isoxazol... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 29, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Kim Baker, Claudia Ellenberger, Martin Murphy, Daniela Cavalleri, Wolfgang Seewald, Jason Drake, Steve Nanchen and Kristina Hacket Tags: Research Source Type: research

The relationship between size and longevity of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae (s.s.) depends on the larval environment
Understanding the variation in vector-borne disease transmission intensity across time and space relies on a thorough understanding of the impact of environmental factors on vectorial capacity traits of mosqui... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 29, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Antoine M. G. Barreaux, Chris M. Stone, Priscille Barreaux and Jacob C. Koella Tags: Research Source Type: research

Molecular investigation of Cryptosporidium in farmed chickens in Hubei Province, China, identifies ‘zoonotic’ subtypes of C. meleagridis
Cryptosporidium is a key genus of parasitic protists that infect humans and other vertebrates (mammals and birds). Birds are typically infected with C. avium, C. baileyi, C. galli and/or C. meleagridis, the latte... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 29, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Cong Liao, Tao Wang, Anson V. Koehler, Yingying Fan, Min Hu and Robin B. Gasser Tags: Research Source Type: research

Bartonella DNA in heart tissues of bats in central and eastern Europe and a review of phylogenetic relations of bat-associated bartonellae
Bats are among the most widely distributed mammals worldwide and can represent hosts or reservoirs for a number of different pathogens. Bartonella spp. are opportunistic bacterial pathogens, which are transmitted... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 29, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Alexandra Corduneanu, Attila D. S ándor, Angela Monica Ionică, Sándor Hornok, Natascha Leitner, Zoltán Bagó, Katharina Stefke, Hans-Peter Fuehrer and Andrei Daniel Mihalca Tags: Research Source Type: research

The importance of wildlife in the ecology and epidemiology of the TBE virus in Sweden: incidence of human TBE correlates with abundance of deer and hares
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is one tick-transmitted disease where the human incidence has increased in some European regions during the last two decades. We aim to find the most important factors causing the... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 29, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Thomas G. T. Jaenson, Erik H. Petersson, David G. E. Jaenson, Jonas Kindberg, John H.-O. Pettersson, Marika Hjertqvist, Jolyon M. Medlock and Hans Bengtsson Tags: Research Source Type: research

Modelling the impact of insecticide-based control interventions on the evolution of insecticide resistance and disease transmission
Current strategies to control mosquito-transmitted infections use insecticides targeted at various stages of the mosquito life-cycle. Control is increasingly compromised by the evolution of insecticide resista... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 28, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Susana Barbosa, Katherine Kay, Nakul Chitnis and Ian M. Hastings Tags: Research Source Type: research

Comparison of the human-baited double net trap with the human landing catch for Aedes albopictus monitoring in Shanghai, China
Human landing catch (HLC) is the most efficient method for Aedes monitoring, but it is not ethical due to its high risk of human exposure to pathogens. We designed trials to assess the performance of an alternati... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 28, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Qiang Gao, Fei Wang, Xihong Lv, Hui Cao, Jianjun Zhou, Fei Su, Chenglong Xiong and Peien Leng Tags: Research Source Type: research

Geographical and behavioral risks associated with Schistosoma haematobium infection in an area of complex transmission
Schistosoma haematobium infection in endemic areas varies depending on the nature and complexity of the transmission networks present. Studies of micro-geographical transmission of S. haematobium infection indica... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 25, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Teckla Angelo, Joram Buza, Safari Methusela Kinung ’hi, Henry Curtis Kariuki, Joseph Rogathe Mwanga, David Zadock Munisi and Shona Wilson Tags: Research Source Type: research

Identification of a putative methyltransferase gene of Babesia bigemina as a novel molecular biomarker uniquely expressed in parasite tick stages
Bovine babesiosis is caused by apicomplexan pathogens of the genus Babesia such as B. bigemina and B. bovis. These tick-borne pathogens have a complex life-cycle involving asexual multiplication in vertebrate hos... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 24, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Gamila A. R. Bohaliga, Wendell C. Johnson, Naomi S. Taus, Hala E. Hussein, Reginaldo G. Bastos, Carlos E. Suarez, Roberta O ’Connor and Massaro W. Ueti Tags: Research Source Type: research

Comprehensive evaluation of demographic, socio-economic and other associated risk factors affecting the occurrence of dengue incidence among Colombo and Kandy Districts of Sri Lanka: a cross-sectional study
Comprehensive understanding of risk factors related to socio-economic and demographic status and knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of local communities play a key role in the design and implementation o... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 24, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Lahiru Udayanga, Nayana Gunathilaka, Mohamed Cassim Mohamed Iqbal, Kosala Lakmal, Upali S. Amarasinghe and Wimaladharma Abeyewickreme Tags: Research Source Type: research

Host-parasite interaction: changes in human placental gene expression induced by Trypanosoma cruzi
Chagas disease is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, a parasite endemic to Latin America. Most infections occur in children by vector or congenital transmission. Trypanosoma cruzi establishes a complexity of specific m... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 24, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Christian Castillo, Ileana Carrillo, Gabriela Libisch, Natalia Juiz, Alejandro Schijman, Carlos Robello and Ulrike Kemmerling Tags: Research Source Type: research

A new species of sucking louse Hoplopleura villosissima n. sp. (Psocodea: Phthiraptera: Hoplopleuridae) and a new host record of the spiny rat louse Polyplax spinulosa Burmeister, 1839 (Psocodea: Phthiraptera: Polyplacidae) from the long-haired rat Rattus villosissimus Waite (Rodentia: Muridae) in Australia
The sucking louse fauna of endemic Australian rodents has been under-studied for decades. Sixty-five species of native rodents have been recorded in Australia. However, only 11 species of lice have been report... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 23, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Wei Wang, Haylee J. Weaver, Fan Song, Lance A. Durden and Renfu Shao Tags: Research Source Type: research

Genetic diversity of common Gasterophilus spp. from distinct habitats in China
Gasterophilus species are widely distributed around the world. The larvae of these flies parasitize the digestive tract of equids and cause damage, hindering horse breeding and protection of endangered species. H... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 22, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Boru Zhang, Heqing Huang, Haoyu Wang, Dong Zhang, Hongjun Chu, Xinping Ma, Yan Ge, Make Ente and Kai Li Tags: Research Source Type: research

Antiparasitic activity of chicory (Cichorium intybus) and its natural bioactive compounds in livestock: a review
Increasing drug resistance in gastrointestinal (GI) parasites of livestock and concerns about chemical residues in animal products and the environment are driving the development of alternative control strateg... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 22, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Miguel Pe ña-Espinoza, Angela H. Valente, Stig M. Thamsborg, Henrik T. Simonsen, Ulrik Boas, Heidi L. Enemark, Rodrigo López-Muñoz and Andrew R. Williams Tags: Review Source Type: research

Sheep breed and shearing influences attraction and blood-feeding behaviour of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) on a UK farm
Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are responsible for the biological transmission of arboviruses of international importance between ruminant livestock. These arboviruses include bluetongue viru... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 20, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Andrew Hope, Simon Gubbins, Christopher Sanders, James Barber, Francesca Stubbins, Matthew Baylis and Simon Carpenter Tags: Research Source Type: research

Culicoides species composition and abundance on Irish cattle farms: implications for arboviral disease transmission
Following the emergence of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) in Ireland in 2012, a sentinel herd surveillance program was established in the south of Ireland with the primary aim of investigating the species compositi... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 17, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Áine B. Collins, John F. Mee, Michael L. Doherty, Damien J. Barrett and Marion E. England Tags: Research Source Type: research

Bionomics and vectorial role of anophelines in wetlands along the volcanic chain of Cameroon
The epidemiological profiles of vector-borne diseases, such as malaria, are strongly associated with landscape components. The reduction of malaria burden in endemic and epidemic regions mainly depends on know... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 14, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nathalie Amvongo-Adjia, Emmanuela L. Wirsiy, Jacob M. Riveron, Winston P. Chounna Ndongmo, Peter A. Enyong, Flobert Njiokou, Charles S. Wondji and Samuel Wanji Tags: Research Source Type: research

High genetic diversity in hard ticks from a China-Myanmar border county
Many tick species have great morphological similarity and are thus grouped into species complexes. Molecular methods are therefore useful in the classification and identification of ticks. However, little is k... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 14, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Lan-Hua Li, Yi Zhang, Jia-Zhi Wang, Xi-Shang Li, Shou-Qin Yin, Dan Zhu, Jing-Bo Xue and Sheng-Guo Li Tags: Research Source Type: research

Mosquito microbiota cluster by host sampling location
Microbial communities that inhabit the mosquito body play an import role in host biology and may have potential for mosquito control. However, the forces that shape these microbial communities are poorly under... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 14, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ephantus J. Muturi, Doris Lagos-Kutz, Christopher Dunlap, Jose L. Ramirez, Alejandro P. Rooney, Glen L. Hartman, Christopher J. Fields, Gloria Rendon and Chang-Hyun Kim Tags: Research Source Type: research

Anti-inflammatory activities of Aedes aegypti cecropins and their protection against murine endotoxin shock
Mosquitoes are armed with physiologically active compounds to suppress the host immunity including host inflammatory reaction. However, the specific anti-inflammatory components in mosquitoes remain unknown. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 14, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Lin Wei, Yang Yang, Yandong Zhou, Min Li, Hailong Yang, Lixian Mu, Qian Qian, Jing Wu and Wei Xu Tags: Research Source Type: research

DNA barcoding of blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) as a tool for species identification and detection of hidden diversity in the eastern regions of Spain
Blackflies have negative impact on public and animal health due to the haematophagous habit of females. In recent times, in some regions in Spain, blackfly outbreaks are becoming more and more frequent, threat... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 13, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ignacio Ruiz-Arrondo, Luis M. Hern ández-Triana, Aleksandra Ignjatović-Ćupina, Nadya Nikolova, Javier Alfonso Garza-Hernández, Mario Alberto Rodríguez-Pérez, José A. Oteo, Anthony R. Fooks and Javier Lucientes Curdi Tags: Research Source Type: research

Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) and mosquito-borne diseases in Mali, West Africa
Mosquito-borne diseases cause major human diseases in almost every part of the world. In West Africa, and notably in Mali, vector control measures help reduce the impact of mosquito-borne diseases, although ma... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 13, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Fatalmoudou Tandina, Ogobara Doumbo, Alpha Seydou Yaro, S ékou F. Traoré, Philippe Parola and Vincent Robert Tags: Review Source Type: research

An update of the Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) checklist for the Balkans
The prime significance of species belonging to the genus Culicoides Latreille, 1809 (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) is their ability to transmit viruses such as bluetongue virus (BTV) to wild and domestic ruminants. P... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 13, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Dubravka Pudar, Du šan Petrić, Xavier Allène, Bulent Alten, Nazlı Ayhan, Aleksandar Cvetkovikj, Claire Garros, Teufik Goletić, Filiz Gunay, Kristyna Hlavackova, Aleksandra Ignjatović Ćupina, Mihaela Kavran, Tereza Lestinova, Bruno Mathieu, Ognyan M Tags: Research Source Type: research

Modelling local areas of exposure to Schistosoma japonicum in a limited survey data environment
Spatial modelling studies of schistosomiasis (SCH) are now commonplace. Covariate values are commonly extracted at survey locations, where infection does not always take place, resulting in an unknown position... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 13, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Andrea L. Araujo Navas, Ricardo J. Soares Magalh ães, Frank Osei, Raffy Jay C. Fornillos, Lydia R. Leonardo and Alfred Stein Tags: Research Source Type: research

Changes in malaria vector bionomics and transmission patterns in the equatorial forest region of Cameroon between 2000 and 2017
Increased use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) over the last decade has considerably improved the control of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa. However, there is still a paucity of data on the influence o... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 13, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Roland Bamou, Lili Ranaise Mbakop, Edmond Kopya, Cyrille Ndo, Parfait Awono-Ambene, Timoleon Tchuinkam, Martin Kibet Rono, Joseph Mwangangi and Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio Tags: Research Source Type: research

Ecological niche modeling predicting the potential distribution of Leishmania vectors in the Mediterranean basin: impact of climate change
Due to climate change, the geographical distribution of sand flies during the last decades has shifted northward from latitudes below 45 °N in southern Europe to latitudes just above 50○N. Recent studies show that... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 9, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Bilel Chalghaf, Jom âa Chemkhi, Benjamin Mayala, Myriam Harrabi, Goze Bertin Benie, Edwin Michael and Afif Ben Salah Tags: Research Source Type: research

Glutathione S-transferases play a role in the detoxification of flumethrin and chlorpyrifos in Haemaphysalis longicornis
Haemaphysalis longicornis is a tick of importance to health, as it serves as a vector of several pathogens, including Theileria orientalis, Babesia ovata, Rickettsia japonica and the severe fever with thrombocyto... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 9, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Emmanuel Pacia Hernandez, Kodai Kusakisako, Melbourne Rio Talactac, Remil Linggatong Galay, Takeshi Hatta, Kozo Fujisaki, Naotoshi Tsuji and Tetsuya Tanaka Tags: Research Source Type: research

Ectoparasite communities of small-bodied Malagasy primates: seasonal and socioecological influences on tick, mite and lice infestation of Microcebus murinus and M. ravelobensis in northwestern Madagascar
Ectoparasitic infections are of particular interest for endangered wildlife, as ectoparasites are potential vectors for inter- and intraspecific pathogen transmission and may be indicators to assess the health... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 8, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Annette Klein, Elke Zimmermann, Ute Radespiel, Frank Schaarschmidt, Andrea Springer and Christina Strube Tags: Research Source Type: research

Molecular survey of piroplasm species from selected areas of China and Pakistan
Piroplasmosis is an important animal disease that is a major constraint to the development of the livestock industry, often resulting in significant economic losses. Therefore, there is an urgent need to furth... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 7, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Muhammad Adeel Hassan, Junlong Liu, Muhammad Rashid, Naveed Iqbal, Guiquan Guan, Hong Yin and Jianxun Luo Tags: Research Source Type: research

Duration of annual canine flea and tick protection provided by dog owners in Spain
Doses of flea and tick medication acquired by dog owners over a 12 month period were determined from veterinary hospital transaction records in Spain. The number of months of flea and tick protection potential... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 7, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Robert Lavan, Rob Armstrong, Federica Burgio and Kaan Tunceli Tags: Short report Source Type: research

The MEP pathway in Babesia orientalis apicoplast, a potential target for anti-babesiosis drug development
The apicomplexan parasite Babesia orientalis, the causative agent of water buffalo babesiosis in China, is widespread in central and south China, resulting in a huge economic loss annually. Currently, there is no... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 6, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Lan He, Pei He, Xiaoying Luo, Muxiao Li, Long Yu, Jiaying Guo, Xueyan Zhan, Guan Zhu and Junlong Zhao Tags: Research Source Type: research

The genetic diversity of Borrelia afzelii is not maintained by the diversity of the rodent hosts
Small mammals are essential in the enzootic cycle of many tick-borne pathogens (TBP). To understand their contribution to the genetic diversity of Borrelia afzelii, the most prevalent TBP in questing Ixodes ricin... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 6, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Claudia E. Coipan, Gilian L. A. van Duijvendijk, Tim R. Hofmeester, Katsuhisa Takumi and Hein Sprong Tags: Research Source Type: research

Uranotaenia unguiculata Edwards, 1913 are attracted to sound, feed on amphibians, and are infected with multiple viruses
Uranotaenia unguiculata Edwards, 1913 is a species of mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) native to central Europe. Recently a novel lineage of the West Nile virus (WNV-lineage 4c) was identified in pools of adult fema... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 6, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jeremy V. Camp, Tam ás Bakonyi, Zoltán Soltész, Thomas Zechmeister and Norbert Nowotny Tags: Research Source Type: research

Mutual interactions of the apicomplexan parasites Toxoplasma gondii and Eimeria tenella with cultured poultry macrophages
In this study, we investigate t... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 6, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Runhui Zhang, Ahmed Thabet, Lysanne Hiob, Wanpeng Zheng, Arwid Daugschies and Berit Bangoura Tags: Research Source Type: research

Is chronic malnutrition associated with an increase in malaria incidence? A cohort study in children aged under 5 years in rural Gambia
Malnutrition is common in children in sub-Saharan Africa and is thought to increase the risk of infectious diseases, including malaria. The relationship between malnutrition and malaria was examined in a cohor... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 6, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Anne L. Wilson, John Bradley, Ballah Kandeh, Kolawole Salami, Umberto D ’Alessandro, Margaret Pinder and Steven W. Lindsay Tags: Research Source Type: research

Molecular evidence of Rickettsia raoultii, “Candidatus Rickettsia barbariae” and a novel Babesia genotype in marbled polecats (Vormela peregusna) at the China-Kazakhstan border
In this study, two road-killed marbled polecats (Vormela peregusna) were molecularly analysed for tick-borne pathogens. Rickettsia raoultii, “Candidatus Rickettsia barbariae” and a novel Babesia genotype have bee... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 4, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Xiafei Liu, Meihua Yang, Guangyuan Liu, Shanshan Zhao, Wumei Yuan, Ronghai Xiao, Wurelihazi Hazihan, S ándor Hornok and Yuanzhi Wang Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

International meeting on sarcoptic mange in wildlife, June 2018, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA
Sarcoptic mange is a globally distributed disease caused by the burrowing mite Sarcoptes scabiei, which also causes scabies in humans. A wide and increasing number of wild mammal species are reported to be suscep... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 3, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Francisca Astorga, Scott Carver, Emily S. Almberg, Giovane R. Sousa, Kimberly Wingfield, Kevin D. Niedringhaus, Peach Van Wick, Luca Rossi, Yue Xie, Paul Cross, Samer Angelone, Christian Gort ázar and Luis E. Escobar Tags: Meeting report Source Type: research

Correction to: Temperature-dependent development and freezing survival of protostrongylid nematodes of Arctic ungulates: implications for transmission
Unfortunately, the original version of this article [1] contained an error. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - August 2, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Pratap Kafle, Stephanie J. Peacock, Sarah Grond, Karin Orsel and Susan Kutz Tags: Correction Source Type: research