Plasmodium vivax HAP2/GCS1 gene exhibits limited genetic diversity among parasite isolates from the Greater Mekong Subregion
Antigens expressed in sexual stages of the malaria parasites are targets of transmission-blocking vaccines (TBVs). HAP2/GCS1, a TBV candidate, is critical for fertilization in Plasmodium. Here, the genetic divers... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 7, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Danni Li, Chunyun Yu, Jian Guo, Yazhou Wang, Yan Zhao, Lin Wang, Myat Thu Soe, Hui Feng, Myat Phone Kyaw, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Lubin Jiang, Liwang Cui, Xiaotong Zhu and Yaming Cao Tags: Research Source Type: research

Transovarial transmission of Borrelia spp., Rickettsia spp. and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Ixodes ricinus under field conditions extrapolated from DNA detection in questing larvae
Ixodes ricinus constitutes the main European vector tick for the Lyme borreliosis pathogen Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato), the relapsing fever borrelia Borrelia miyamotoi, as well as Anaplasma phagocytophilum ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 7, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Daniela Hauck, Daniela Jordan, Andrea Springer, Bettina Schunack, Stefan Pachnicke, Volker Fingerle and Christina Strube Tags: Research Source Type: research

Molecular investigation and genetic diversity of Pediculus and Pthirus lice in France
Humans are parasitized by three types of lice: body, head and pubic lice. As their common names imply, each type colonizes a specific region of the body. The body louse is the only recognized disease vector. H... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 7, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nadia Amanzougaghene, Oleg Mediannikov, Tran Duc Anh Ly, Philippe Gautret, Bernard Davoust, Florence Fenollar and Arezki Izri Tags: Research Source Type: research

Does winter cold really limit the dengue vector Aedes aegypti in Europe?
Aedes aegypti is a potential vector for several arboviruses including dengue and Zika viruses. The species seems to be restricted to subtropical/tropical habitats and has difficulties in establishing permanent po... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 7, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Isabelle M. Kramer, Aljoscha Kre ß, Doris Klingelhöfer, Christian Scherer, Parbati Phuyal, Ulrich Kuch, Bodo Ahrens, David A. Groneberg, Meghnath Dhimal and Ruth Müller Tags: Research Source Type: research

Use of alternative bioassays to explore the impact of pyrethroid resistance on LLIN efficacy
There is substantial concern that the spread of insecticide resistance will render long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) ineffective. However, there is limited evidence supporting a clear association b... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 7, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Marissa K. Grossman, Sh üné V. Oliver, Basil D. Brooke and Matthew B. Thomas Tags: Research Source Type: research

Characteristic features of the SERA multigene family in the malaria parasite
Serine repeat antigen (SERA) is conserved among species of the genus Plasmodium. Sera genes form a multigene family and are generally tandemly clustered on a single chromosome. Although all Plasmodium species enc... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 6, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nobuko Arisue, Nirianne M. Q. Palacpac, Takahiro Tougan and Toshihiro Horii Tags: Review Source Type: research

Genetic uniformity, geographical spread and anthropogenic habitat modifications of lymnaeid vectors found in a One Health initiative in the highest human fascioliasis hyperendemic of the Bolivian Altiplano
Fascioliasis is a snail-borne zoonotic trematodiasis emerging due to climate changes, anthropogenic environment modifications, and livestock movements. Many areas where Fasciola hepatica is endemic in humans have... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 6, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: M. Dolores Bargues, Patricio Artigas, Rene Angles, David Osca, Pamela Duran, Paola Buchon, R. Karina Gonzales-Pomar, Julio Pinto-Mendieta and Santiago Mas-Coma Tags: Research Source Type: research

Insights about the structure of farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FPPS) and the activity of bisphosphonates on the proliferation and ultrastructure of Leishmania and Giardia
The enzyme farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FPPS) is positioned in the intersection of different sterol biosynthesis pathways such as those producing isoprenoids, dolichols and ergosterol. FPPS is ubiquitous in ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 5, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ana Paula R. Gadelha, Claudia Maia Brigagao, Martha Barros da Silva, Aline Beatriz Mello Rodrigues, Ana Carolina Ramos Guimar ães, Fernando Paiva, Wanderley de Souza and Cristina Henriques Tags: Research Source Type: research

Timing and original features of flagellum assembly in trypanosomes during development in the tsetse fly
Trypanosoma brucei exhibits a complex life-cycle alternating between tsetse flies and mammalian hosts. When parasites infect the fly, cells differentiate to adapt to life in various tissues, which is accompanied ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 5, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Moara Lemos, Adeline Mallet, Elo ïse Bertiaux, Albane Imbert, Brice Rotureau and Philippe Bastin Tags: Research Source Type: research

Deltamethrin resistance in Chagas disease vectors colonizing oil palm plantations: implications for vector control strategies in a public health-agriculture interface
Triatomine bugs are responsible for the vectorial transmission of the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, etiological agent of Chagas disease, a zoonosis affecting 10 million people and with 25 million at risk of infecti... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 3, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Johan M. Calder ón, Patricia Fuya, Liliana Santacoloma and Camila González Tags: Research Source Type: research

Identification and characterization of an R-Smad homologue (Hco-DAF-8) from Haemonchus contortus
Smad proteins are essential cellular mediators within the transforming growth factor- β (TGF-β) superfamily. They directly transmit incoming signals from the cell surface receptors to the nucleus. In spite of t... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 3, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Fang-Fang Li, Robin B. Gasser, Feng Liu, Jia-Nan Shan, Wen-Da Di, Li He, Cai-Xian Zhou, Chun-Qun Wang, Rui Fang and Min Hu Tags: Research Source Type: research

Invasive cattle ticks in East Africa: morphological and molecular confirmation of the presence of Rhipicephalus microplus in south-eastern Uganda
Rhipicephalus microplus, an invasive tick species of Asian origin and the main vector of Babesia species, is considered one of the most widespread ectoparasites of livestock. The tick has spread from its native h... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 3, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Dennis Muhanguzi, Joseph Byaruhanga, Wilson Amanyire, Christian Ndekezi, Sylvester Ochwo, Joseph Nkamwesiga, Frank Norbert Mwiine, Robert Tweyongyere, Josephus Fourie, Maxime Madder, Theo Schetters, Ivan Horak, Nick Juleff and Frans Jongejan Tags: Research Source Type: research

Detection of DNA of Babesia canis in tissues of laboratory rodents following oral inoculation with infected ticks
Babesia spp. are apicomplexan parasites which infect a wide range of mammalian hosts. Historically, most Babesia species were described based on the assumed host specificity and morphological features of the intr... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 3, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Alexandra Corduneanu, Teodor Dan Ursache, Marian Taulescu, Bogdan Sevastre, David Modr ý and Andrei Daniel Mihalca Tags: Research Source Type: research

Genome-wide analysis of differentially expressed profiles of mRNAs, lncRNAs and circRNAs in chickens during Eimeria necatrix infection
Eimeria necatrix, the most highly pathogenic coccidian in chicken small intestines, can cause high morbidity and mortality in susceptible birds and devastating economic losses in poultry production, but the under... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 3, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Xian-Cheng Fan, Ting-Li Liu, Yi Wang, Xue-Mei Wu, Yu-Xin Wang, Peng Lai, Jun-Ke Song and Guang-Hui Zhao Tags: Research Source Type: research

Identification of Aedes mosquitoes by MALDI-TOF MS biotyping using protein signatures from larval and pupal exuviae
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) biotyping is an innovative strategy, applied successfully for the identification of numerous arthropod families inclu... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 1, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Amira Nebbak and Lionel Almeras Tags: Research Source Type: research

Dafachronic acid and temperature regulate canonical dauer pathways during Nippostrongylus brasiliensis infectious larvae activation
While immune responses to the murine hookworm Nippostrongylus brasiliensis have been investigated, signaling pathways regulating development of infectious larvae (iL3) are not well understood. We hypothesized tha... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 1, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Katherine Omueti Ayoade, Faith R. Carranza, Woong Hee Cho, Zhu Wang, Steven A. Kliewer, David J. Mangelsdorf and Jonathan D. C. Stoltzfus Tags: Research Source Type: research

Local and regional temporal trends (2013 –2019) of canine Ehrlichia spp. seroprevalence in the USA
In the USA, there are several Ehrlichia spp. of concern including Ehrlichia canis, Ehrlichia ewingii, Ehrlichia chaffeensis, Ehrlichia muris eauclarensis, and “Panola Mountain Ehrlichia”. Of these, E. canis is co... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 30, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jenna R. Gettings, Stella C. W. Self, Christopher S. McMahan, D. Andrew Brown, Shila K. Nordone and Michael J. Yabsley Tags: Research Source Type: research

The design and development of a multicentric protocol to investigate the impact of adjunctive doxycycline on the management of peripheral lymphoedema caused by lymphatic filariasis and podoconiosis
As new lymphatic filariasis infections are eliminated through mass chemotherapy, previously affected individuals are left with the sequellae, especially chronic progressive lymphoedema. Currently this is manag... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 30, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: John Horton, Ute Klarmann-Schulz, Mariana Stephens, Philip J. Budge, Yaya Coulibaly, Alex Debrah, Linda Batsa Debrah, Suma Krishnasastry, Upendo Mwingira, Abdallah Ngenya, Samuel Wanji, Mirani Weerasooriya, Channa Yahathugoda, Inge Kroidl, Drew Deathe, An Tags: Study Protocol Source Type: research

Anopheline bionomics, insecticide resistance and transnational dispersion in the context of controlling a possible recurrence of malaria transmission in Jaffna city in northern Sri Lanka
Malaria was eliminated from Sri Lanka in 2013. However, the influx of infected travelers and the presence of potent anopheline vectors can re-initiate transmission in Jaffna city, which is separated by a narro... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 30, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sinnathamby N. Surendran, Tibutius T. P. Jayadas, Annathurai Tharsan, Vaikunthavasan Thiruchenthooran, Sharanga Santhirasegaram, Kokila Sivabalakrishnan, Selvarajah Raveendran and Ranjan Ramasamy Tags: Research Source Type: research

Co-infection, reinfection and superinfection with Anaplasma phagocytophilum strains in a cattle herd based on ankA gene and multilocus sequence typing
Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacterium that replicates in neutrophil granulocytes. It is transmitted by ticks of the Ixodes ricinus complex and causes febrile illness in hum... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 30, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Denis B. Langenwalder, Cornelia Silaghi, Marion Nieder, Martin Pfeffer and Friederike D. von Loewenich Tags: Research Source Type: research

Ability of near-infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics to predict the age of mosquitoes reared under different conditions
Practical, field-ready age-grading tools for mosquito vectors of disease are urgently needed because of the impact that daily survival has on vectorial capacity. Previous studies have shown that near-infrared ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 30, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Oselyne T. W. Ong, Elise A. Kho, Pedro M. Esperan ça, Chris Freebairn, Floyd E. Dowell, Gregor J. Devine and Thomas S. Churcher Tags: Research Source Type: research

Common occurrence of divergent Cryptosporidium species and Cryptosporidium parvum subtypes in farmed bamboo rats (Rhizomys sinensis)
Bamboo rats are widely farmed in southern China for meat, but their potential in transmitting pathogens to humans and other farm animals remains unclear. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 24, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Falei Li, Zhenjie Zhang, Suhui Hu, Wentao Zhao, Jianguo Zhao, Martin Kv áč, Yaqiong Guo, Na Li, Yaoyu Feng and Lihua Xiao Tags: Research Source Type: research

An assessment of adult mosquito collection techniques for studying species abundance and diversity in Maferinyah, Guinea
Several mosquito collection methods are routinely used in vector control programmes. However, they target different behaviours causing bias in estimation of species diversity and abundance. Given the paucity o... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 24, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Cintia Cansado-Utrilla, Claire L. Jeffries, Mojca Kristan, Victor A. Brugman, Patrick Heard, Gnepou Camara, Moussa Sylla, Abdoul H. Beavogui, Louisa A. Messenger, Seth R. Irish and Thomas Walker Tags: Research Source Type: research

Haemonchus contortus: siRNA mediated knockdown of matrix metalloproteinase 12A (MMP-12) results in reduction of infectivity
RNA interference (RNAi) is an important tool to determine the role of genes. RNAi has been widely used to downregulate target molecules, resulting in the reduction of mRNA for protein expression. Matrix metall... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 24, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Muhammad Ali-ul-Husnain Naqvi, Hao Li, Wenxiang Gao, Sana Zahra Naqvi, Tahseen Jamil, Kalibixiati Aimulajiang, Lixin Xu, Xiaokai Song, Xiangrui Li and Ruofeng Yan Tags: Research Source Type: research

Resistance status of Anopheles gambiae (s.l.) to four commonly used insecticides for malaria vector control in South-East Nigeria
Progress made in the control of malaria vectors globally is largely due to the use of insecticides. However, success in the fight against malaria has slowed down or even stalled due to a host of factors includ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 24, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Okechukwu Chukwuekezie, Emmanuel Nwosu, Udoka Nwangwu, Festus Dogunro, Cosmas Onwude, Nneka Agashi, Ebuka Ezihe, Clementina Anioke, Stephen Anokwu, Emelda Eloy, Peter Attah, Francis Orizu, Sylvester Ewo, Angela Okoronkwo, Anumba Joseph, Ijeoma Ikeakor & h Tags: Research Source Type: research

Variation in disease phenotype is marked in equine trypanosomiasis
Equine trypanosomiasis is a severe and prevalent disease that has the greatest impact globally upon working equids due to its distribution across lower income countries. Morbidity and mortality rates are high;... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 21, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Alexandra G. Raftery, Saloum Jallow, Robert M. Coultous, Jean Rodgers and David G. M. Sutton Tags: Research Source Type: research

Leishmania infection in cats and dogs housed together in an animal shelter reveals a higher parasite load in infected dogs despite a greater seroprevalence among cats
An outbreak of leishmaniosis was studied in cats and dogs housed together with no separation in an animal shelter in Israel. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 20, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Gad Baneth, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Adam Zuberi, Nirit Zipori-Barki, Laor Orshan, Gabriela Kleinerman, Ayelet Shmueli-Goldin, Michel Bellaiche, Monica Leszkowicz-Mazuz, Harold Salant and Daniel Yasur-Landau Tags: Research Source Type: research

B cells induced by Schistosoma japonicum infection display diverse regulatory phenotypes and modulate CD4+ T cell response
The increased activity of regulatory B cells (Breg) is known to be involved in immunosuppression during helminth infection, which is characterized by inducing IL-10-producing Breg cells. However, the current k... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 20, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Junli Xiao, Fei Guan, Li Sun, Yijie Zhang, Xiaoyan Zhang, Shengjun Lu and Wenqi Liu Tags: Research Source Type: research

Oncomelania hupensis retains its ability to transmit Schistosoma japonicum 13 years after migration from permissive to non-permissive areas
The East Route Project (ERP) of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project (SNWDP) stretches across schistosomiasis endemic and non-endemic areas in China, which may lead to the dispersal of Oncomelania hupensis,... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 19, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Cheng-song Sun, Fang Luo, Xin Liu, Feng Miao and Wei Hu Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Detection of enteric parasite DNA in household and bed dust samples: potential for infection transmission
Enteric parasites are transmitted in households but few studies have sampled inside households for parasites and none have used sensitive molecular methods. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 18, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Rojelio Mejia, Victor Seco-Hidalgo, Diana Garcia-Ramon, Evelyn Calder ón, Andrea Lopez and Philip J. Cooper Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Novel repellents for the blood-sucking insects Rhodnius prolixus and Triatoma infestans, vectors of Chagas disease
Studying the behavioral response of blood-sucking disease-vector insects to potentially repellent volatile compounds could shed light on the development of new control strategies. Volatiles released by human f... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 18, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Melanie Ram írez, Mario I. Ortiz, Pablo Guerenstein and Jorge Molina Tags: Research Source Type: research

Characterization of Cystoisospora suis sexual stages in vitro
The porcine coccidium Cystoisospora suis is characterized by a complex life-cycle during which asexual multiplication is followed by sexual development with two morphologically distinct cell types, the micro- and... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 18, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Anna Sophia Feix, Teresa Cruz-Bustos, B ärbel Ruttkowski and Anja Joachim Tags: Research Source Type: research

Multiplex PCRs for the specific identification of marsupial and deer species from faecal samples as a basis for non-invasive epidemiological studies of parasites
The specific identification of animals through the analysis of faecal DNA is important in many areas of scientific endeavour, particularly in the field of parasitology. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 18, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Anson V. Koehler, Yan Zhang, Tao Wang, Shane R. Haydon and Robin B. Gasser Tags: Methodology Source Type: research

Patterns of helminth infection in Kenyan elephant populations
We examined the effects of age, sex, social structure and the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) as primary drive... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 18, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Edward King ’ori, Vincent Obanda, Patrick I. Chiyo, Ramon C. Soriguer, Patrocinio Morrondo and Samer Angelone Tags: Research Source Type: research

Parasite associations predict infection risk: incorporating co-infections in predictive models for neglected tropical diseases
Schistosomiasis and infection by soil-transmitted helminths are some of the world ’s most prevalent neglected tropical diseases. Infection by more than one parasite (co-infection) is common and can contribute t... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 16, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nicholas J. Clark, Kei Owada, Eugene Ruberanziza, Giuseppina Ortu, Irenee Umulisa, Ursin Bayisenge, Jean Bosco Mbonigaba, Jean Bosco Mucaca, Warren Lancaster, Alan Fenwick, Ricardo J. Soares Magalh ães and Aimable Mbituyumuremyi Tags: Research Source Type: research

Culicoides species composition and molecular identification of host blood meals at two zoos in the UK
Culicoides biting midges are biological vectors of arboviruses including bluetongue virus (BTV), Schmallenberg virus (SBV) and African horse sickness virus (AHSV). Zoos are home to a wide range of ‘at risk’ exoti... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 16, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Marion E. England, Paul Pearce-Kelly, Victor A. Brugman, Simon King, Simon Gubbins, Fiona Sach, Christopher J. Sanders, Nic J. Masters, Eric Denison and Simon Carpenter Tags: Research Source Type: research

Resistance against macrocyclic lactones in Psoroptes ovis in cattle
This study ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 14, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Wouter van Mol, Nathalie De Wilde, Stijn Casaert, Zhenzhen Chen, Marieke Vanhecke, Luc Duchateau and Edwin Claerebout Tags: Research Source Type: research

Genetic validation of Leishmania genes essential for amastigote survival in vivo using N-myristoyltransferase as a model
Proving that specific genes are essential for the intracellular viability of Leishmania parasites within macrophages remains a challenge for the identification of suitable targets for drug development. This is es... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 14, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Daniel Paape, Catriona T. Prendergast, Helen P. Price, Johannes S. P. Doehl and Deborah F. Smith Tags: Research Source Type: research

Multiplex cytokine and antibody profile in cystic echinococcosis patients during a three-year follow-up in reference to the cyst stages
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a worldwide parasitic zoonosis caused by infection of the larval stage of tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. In human CE, the parasites develop and form cysts in internal organs. The ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 14, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Zhi-Dan Li, Xiao-Jin Mo, Shuai Yan, Dong Wang, Bin Xu, Jian Guo, Ting Zhang, Wei Hu, Yu Feng, Xiao-Nong Zhou and Zheng Feng Tags: Research Source Type: research

Genetic variation in Austrostrongylus thylogale Johnston & Mawson, 1940 (Nematoda: Trichostrongylida) from the tammar wallaby, Notamacropus eugenii (Gray), and the quokka, Setonix brachyurus (Quoy & Gaimard) (Marsupialia: Macropodidae) in Australia
Australian marsupials harbour a diverse array of helminth parasites. Despite current attempts to assess the extent of this diversity in macropodid hosts, it has been suggested that unique parasite fauna of Aus... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 14, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Tanapan Sukee, Tony Huynh, Ian Beveridge and Abdul Jabbar Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Targeted deep amplicon sequencing of kelch 13 and cytochrome b in Plasmodium falciparum isolates from an endemic African country using the Malaria Resistance Surveillance (MaRS) protocol
Routine molecular surveillance for imported drug-resistant malaria parasites to the USA and European Union is an important public health activity. The obtained molecular data are used to help keep chemoprophyl... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 14, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Mariangela L ’Episcopia, Julia Kelley, Dhruviben Patel, Sarah Schmedes, Shashidahar Ravishankar, Michela Menegon, Edvige Perrotti, Abduselam M. Nurahmed, Albadawi A. Talha, Bakri Y. Nour, Naomi Lucchi, Carlo Severini and Eldin Talundzic Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Correction to: Identification and molecular characterization of Wolbachia strains in natural populations of Aedes albopictus in China
Following publication of the original article [1], the corresponding author flagged that the article had published with two errors. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 12, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yaping Hu, Zhiyong Xi, Xiaobo Liu, Jun Wang, Yuhong Guo, Dongsheng Ren, Haixia Wu, Xiaohua Wang, Bin Chen and Qiyong Liu Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Demographic, socioeconomic and disease knowledge factors, but not population mobility, associated with lymphatic filariasis infection in adult workers in American Samoa in 2014
Prevalence of lymphatic filariasis (LF) antigen in American Samoa was 16.5% in 1999. Seven rounds of mass drug administration (MDA) programmes between 2000 and 2006 reduced antigen prevalence to 2.3%. The most... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 12, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Patricia M. Graves, Sarah Sheridan, Saipale Fuimaono and Colleen L. Lau Tags: Research Source Type: research

Retrospective data analyses of social and environmental determinants of malaria control for elimination prospects in Eritrea
The present study focuses on both long- and short-term malaria transmission in Eritrea and investigates the risk factors. Annual aggregates of information on malaria cases, deaths, diagnostics and control inte... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 12, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Selam Mihreteab, Jailos Lubinda, Bingxin Zhao, Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales, Ajlina Karamehic-Muratovic, Aman Goitom, Muhammad Yousaf Shad and Ubydul Haque Tags: Research Source Type: research

Antioxidant defense in the eyes of immunocompetent and immunosuppressed mice infected with Acanthamoeba spp.
Acanthamoeba spp. are ubiquitous pathogens which cause granulomatous amoebic encephalitis and disseminated infection. Moreover, Acanthamoeba spp. infection of the cornea leads to Acanthamoeba keratitis. Our previ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 7, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Karolina Kot, Danuta Kosik-Bogacka, Patrycja Kupnicka and Natalia Łanocha-Arendarczyk Tags: Research Source Type: research

Molecular typing of Cyclospora cayetanensis in produce and clinical samples using targeted enrichment of complete mitochondrial genomes and next-generation sequencing
Outbreaks of cyclosporiasis, a diarrheal illness caused by Cyclospora cayetanensis, have been a public health issue in the USA since the mid 1990 ’s. In 2018, 2299 domestically acquired cases of cyclosporiasis wer... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 6, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Hediye Nese Cinar, Gopal Gopinath, Helen R. Murphy, Sonia Almeria, Mauricio Durigan, Dajung Choi, AhYoung Jang, Eunje Kim, RaeYoung Kim, Seonju Choi, Jeongu Lee, Yurim Shin, Jieon Lee, Yvonne Qvarnstrom, Theresa K. Benedict, Henry S. Bishop & hellip; Tags: Methodology Source Type: research

Comparison of infectivity of Plasmodium vivax to wild-caught and laboratory-adapted (colonized) Anopheles arabiensis mosquitoes in Ethiopia
Mosquito-feeding assays that assess transmission of Plasmodium from man-to-mosquito typically use laboratory mosquito colonies. The microbiome and genetic background of local mosquitoes may be different and influ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 6, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Wakweya Chali, Temesgen Ashine, Elifaged Hailemeskel, Abrham Gashaw, Temesgen Tafesse, Kjerstin Lanke, Endashaw Esayas, Soriya Kedir, Girma Shumie, Sinknesh Wolde Behaksra, John Bradley, Delenasaw Yewhalaw, Hassen Mamo, Beyene Petros, Chris Drakeley, Enda Tags: Research Source Type: research

Optimisation and field validation of odour-baited traps for surveillance of Aedes aegypti adults in Paramaribo, Suriname
Emerging arboviral diseases like Zika, dengue and chikungunya that are transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, are increasingly threatening human health. Blends of human-like synthetic chemical attractants can b... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 6, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Tessa M. Visser, Marieke P. de Cock, H élène Hiwat, Merril Wongsokarijo, Niels O. Verhulst and Constantianus J. M. Koenraadt Tags: Research Source Type: research

Modelling the impact of MAUP on environmental drivers for Schistosoma japonicum prevalence
The modifiable areal unit problem (MAUP) arises when the support size of a spatial variable affects the relationship between prevalence and environmental risk factors. Its effect on schistosomiasis modelling s... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 2, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Andrea L. Araujo Navas, Frank Osei, Ricardo J. Soares Magalh ães, Lydia R. Leonardo and Alfred Stein Tags: Research Source Type: research

Vascular wall injury and inflammation are key pathogenic mechanisms responsible for early testicular degeneration during acute besnoitiosis in bulls
Bovine besnoitiosis, caused by the apicomplexan parasite Besnoitia besnoiti, is a chronic and debilitating cattle disease that notably impairs fertility. Acutely infected bulls may develop respiratory signs and o... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - March 2, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: David Gonz ález-Barrio, Carlos Diezma-Díaz, Enrique Tabanera, Elena Aguado-Criado, Manuel Pizarro, Marta González-Huecas, Ignacio Ferre, Alejandro Jiménez-Meléndez, Fernando Criado, Daniel Gutiérrez-Expósito, Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora and Gema Álvar Tags: Research Source Type: research