Investigation of the antigenicity and protective efficacy of Leishmania promastigote membrane antigens in search of potential diagnostic and vaccine candidates against visceral leishmaniasis
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), is a parasitic disease that causes serious medical consequences if treatment is delayed. Despite a decline in the number of VL cases in the Indian subcontinent, the commencement of... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 30, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sarfaraz Ahmad Ejazi, Smriti Ghosh, Anirban Bhattacharyya, Mohd Kamran, Sonali Das, Sudipta Bhowmick, Mehebubar Rahaman, Rama Prosad Goswami and Nahid Ali Tags: Research Source Type: research

Inter-annual variability of the effects of intrinsic and extrinsic drivers affecting West Nile virus vector Culex pipiens population dynamics in northeastern Italy
Vector-borne infectious diseases (VBDs) represent a major public health concern worldwide. Among VBDs, West Nile virus (WNV) showed an increasingly wider spread in temperate regions of Europe, including Italy.... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Diletta Fornasiero, Matteo Mazzucato, Marco Barbujani, Fabrizio Montarsi, Gioia Capelli and Paolo Mulatti Tags: Research Source Type: research

Real-time RT-PCR assay to detect Granada virus and the related Massilia and Arrabida phleboviruses
Granada virus belongs to the genus Phlebovirus within the Naples serocomplex and was detected for the first time in sand flies from Spain in 2003. Seroprevalence studies have revealed that Granada virus may infec... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Laura Dav ó, Laura Herrero, Maria Paz Sánchez-Seco, Nuria Labiod, David Roiz, Elena Gómez-Díaz, Lourdes Hernandez, Jordi Figuerola and Ana Vázquez Tags: Methodology Source Type: research

Revision of the Atratus Group of Culex (Melanoconion) (Diptera: Culicidae)
Despite the importance of some species of Culex (Melanoconion) (Diptera: Culicidae) as vectors of several arboviruses that cause diseases in humans and other animals, there are few taxonomic studies focusing on s... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 27, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ivy Luizi Rodrigues de S á, Rosa Sá Gomes Hutchings, Roger William Hutchings and Maria Anice Mureb Sallum Tags: Research Source Type: research

Interactions between Schistosoma haematobium group species and their Bulinus spp. intermediate hosts along the Niger River Valley
Urogenital schistosomiasis, caused by infection with Schistosoma haematobium, is endemic in Niger but complicated by the presence of Schistosoma bovis, Schistosoma curassoni and S. haematobium group hybrids along... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 24, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Tom Pennance, Fiona Allan, Aidan Emery, Muriel Rabone, Jo Cable, Amadou Djirmay Garba, Amina Amadou Hamidou, Joanne P. Webster, David Rollinson and Bonnie L. Webster Tags: Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of resistance to pyrethroid and organophosphate adulticides and kdr genotyping in Aedes aegypti populations from Roraima, the northernmost Brazilian State
Roraima, the northernmost State in Brazil, borders Venezuela and Guyana. Although mostly covered by the tropical forests, the urban centers of this state are highly infested with Ae. aegypti and are endemic for d... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 20, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ram ão Luciano Nogueira Hayd, Luana Carrara, Joel de Melo Lima, Nathalia Coelho Vargas de Almeida, José Bento Pereira Lima and Ademir Jesus Martins Tags: Research Source Type: research

The tree that hides the forest: cryptic diversity and phylogenetic relationships in the Palaearctic vector Obsoletus/Scoticus Complex (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) at the European level
Culicoides obsoletus is an abundant and widely distributed Holarctic biting midge species, involved in the transmission of bluetongue virus (BTV) and Schmallenberg virus (SBV) to wild and domestic ruminants. Fema... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 20, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Antoine Mignotte, Claire Garros, Laetitia Gard ès, Thomas Balenghien, Maxime Duhayon, Ignace Rakotoarivony, Laura Tabourin, Léa Poujol, Bruno Mathieu, Adolfo Ibañez-Justicia, Ahmet Deniz, Aleksandar Cvetkovikj, Bethan V. Purse, David W. Ramilo, Despoin Tags: Research Source Type: research

Effect of irradiation on the survival and susceptibility of female Anopheles arabiensis to natural isolates of Plasmodium falciparum
The sterile insect technique (SIT) is a vector control strategy relying on the mass release of sterile males into wild vector populations. Current sex separation techniques are not fully efficient and could le... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 20, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Edwige Guissou, Serge Poda, Domombabele Fran çois de Sales Hien, Serge Rakiswende Yerbanga, Dari Frédéric Da, Anna Cohuet, Florence Fournet, Olivier Roux, Hamidou Maiga, Abdoulaye Diabaté, Jeremie Gilles, Jérémy Bouyer, Anicet G. Ouédraogo, Jean-Ba Tags: Research Source Type: research

Parasite load and genotype are associated with clinical outcome of piroplasm-infected equines in Israel
Equine piroplasmosis is a highly endemic protozoan disease of horses worldwide, caused by Theileria equi and Babesia caballi. While most horses in endemic areas are subclinically infected, the mechanisms leading ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 20, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sharon Tirosh-Levy, Amir Steinman, Hadas Levy, Yotam Katz, Margarita Shtilman and Yuval Gottlieb Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Equid infective Theileria cluster in distinct 18S rRNA gene clades comprising multiple taxa with unusually broad mammalian host ranges
Equine theileriosis, a tick-transmitted disease caused by the hemoprotozoan parasites Theileria equi and Theileria haneyi, affects equids throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It is a signific... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 19, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Richard P. Bishop, Lowell S. Kappmeyer, Cynthia K. Onzere, David O. Odongo, Naftaly Githaka, Kelly P. Sears, Donald P. Knowles and Lindsay M. Fry Tags: Review Source Type: research

Toxoplasma gondii in the Eurasian kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) in northern Italy
Identifying factors that sustain parasite transmission is important for understanding their spread and emergence, including how changes in biodiversity may affect parasite prevalence and spread. Toxoplasma gondii (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 19, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Tiziano Iemmi, Alice Vismarra, Carlo Mangia, Rolando Zanin, Marco Genchi, Paolo Lanfranchi, Laura Helen Kramer, Nicoletta Formenti and Nicola Ferrari Tags: Research Source Type: research

Prevalence of cutaneous leishmaniasis infection and clinico-epidemiological patterns among military personnel in Mullaitivu and Kilinochchi districts of the Northern Province, early war-torn areas in Sri Lanka
The 30-year-old armed conflict in Sri Lanka resulted in a general breakdown of civil administration in the Northern and Eastern provinces, leading to mobilisation of many armed forces personnel to assist with ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 19, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nayana Gunathilaka, Saveen Semege, Nishantha Pathirana, Nuwani Manamperi, Lahiru Udayanga, Harshima Wijesinghe, Prasad Premaratne and Deepika Fernando Tags: Research Source Type: research

Therapeutic efficacy of Schistosoma japonicum cystatin on sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy in a mouse model
Myocardial dysfunction is one of the most common complications of multiple organ failure in septic shock and significantly increases mortality in patients with sepsis. Although many studies having confirmed th... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 18, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Shifang Gao, Huihui Li, Hong Xie, Shili Wu, Yuan Yuan, Liang Chu, Siying Sun, Huijuan Yang, Lingqin Wu, Yongsheng Bai, Qiao Zhou, Xin Wang, Bin Zhan, Hu Cui and Xiaodi Yang Tags: Research Source Type: research

Effects of larval exposure to sublethal doses of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis on body size, oviposition and survival of adult Anopheles coluzzii mosquitoes
Application of the larvicide Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis (Bti) is a viable complementary strategy for malaria control. Efficacy of Bti is dose-dependent. There is a knowledge gap on the effects of lar... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 16, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Steven Gowelo, James Chirombo, Jeroen Spitzen, Constantianus J. M. Koenraadt, Themba Mzilahowa, Henk van den Berg, Willem Takken and Robert McCann Tags: Research Source Type: research

Lufenuron can be transferred by gravid Aedes aegypti females to breeding sites and can affect their fertility, fecundity and blood intake capacity
Aedes aegypti (L.) is the main vector of dengue, yellow fever, Zika and chikungunya viruses. A new method for controlling this mosquito has been developed based on the possibility that wild adult mosquitoes expos... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 15, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Paula V. Gonzalez and Laura Harburguer Tags: Research Source Type: research

Individuals living in an onchocerciasis focus and treated three-monthly with ivermectin develop fewer new onchocercal nodules than individuals treated annually
Little information is available on the effect of ivermectin on the third- and fourth-stage larvae of Onchocerca volvulus. To assess a possible prophylactic effect of ivermectin on this parasite, we compared the e... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 15, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: J érémy T. Campillo, Cédric B. Chesnais, Sébastien D. S. Pion, Jacques Gardon, Joseph Kamgno and Michel Boussinesq Tags: Research Source Type: research

Remarkable genetic diversity of Trypanosoma cruzi and Trypanosoma rangeli in two localities of southern Ecuador identified via deep sequencing of mini-exon gene amplicons
Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease, and T. rangeli are kinetoplastid parasites endemic to Latin America. Although closely related to T. cruzi and capable of infecting humans, T. rangeli is n... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 14, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jalil Maiguashca S ánchez, Salem Oduro Beffi Sueto, Philipp Schwabl, Mario J. Grijalva, Martin S. Llewellyn and Jaime A. Costales Tags: Research Source Type: research

Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships of tsetse flies of the palpalis group in Congo Brazzaville based on mitochondrial cox1 gene sequences
Despite the morphological characterization established in the 1950s and 1960s, the identity of extant taxa that make up Glossina fuscipes (s.l.) in the Congo remains questionable. Previous claims of overlap betwe... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 14, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Abraham Mayoke, Shadrack M. Muya, Rosemary Bateta, Paul O. Mireji, Sylvance O. Okoth, Samuel G. Onyoyo, Joanna E. Auma and Johnson O. Ouma Tags: Research Source Type: research

Xiaochaihu decorction relieves liver fibrosis caused by Schistosoma japonicum infection via the HSP47/TGF- β pathway
Hepatic fibrosis caused by chronic infection with Schistosoma japonica remains a serious public health problem in the world. Symptoms include inflammation, liver granuloma and fibrosis, whilst treatment options a... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 14, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yuzheng Huang, Jin Lu, Yongliang Xu, Chunrong Xiong, Deshen Tong, Nannan Hu and Haitao Yang Tags: Research Source Type: research

Slight temperature changes cause rapid transcriptomic responses in Trypanosoma cruzi metacyclic trypomastigotes
Severe changes in temperature can affect the behavior and ecology of some infectious agents. Trypanosoma cruzi is a protozoan that causes Chagas disease. This parasite has high genetic variability and can be divi... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 14, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Lissa Cruz-Saavedra, Marina Mu ñoz, Luz Helena Patiño, Gustavo A. Vallejo, Felipe Guhl and Juan David Ramírez Tags: Research Source Type: research

Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum infections in South American camelids in Switzerland and assessment of serological tests for diagnosis
Little is known about the epidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum infections in alpacas (Vicugna pacos) and llamas (Lama glama) outside South America. The study aimed to estimate the seroprevalence... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 14, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Walter Basso, Elena Sollberger, Gereon Schares, Susanne K üker, Flurin Ardüser, Gaia Moore-Jones and Patrik Zanolari Tags: Research Source Type: research

Insecticide susceptibility of the sand fly leishmaniasis vector Phlebotomus argentipes in Sri Lanka
Leishmania donovani-induced and sand fly-transmitted leishmaniasis is a growing health problem in Sri Lanka. Limited knowledge on biological and behavioral characteristics of probable vector Phlebotomus argentipe... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 13, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Dulani R. K. Pathirage, S. H. P. Parakrama Karunaratne, Sanath C. Senanayake and Nadira D. Karunaweera Tags: Research Source Type: research

Protein phosphorylation networks in spargana of Spirometra erinaceieuropaei revealed by phosphoproteomic analysis
Sparganosis caused by Spirometra erinaceieuropaei spargana is a zoonotic parasitic infection that has been reported in many countries, including China, Japan, Thailand and Korea, as well as European countries and... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 13, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Wei Liu, Hailin Tang, Asmaa M. I. Abuzeid, Lei Tan, Aibing Wang, Xueping Wan, Haoji Zhang, Yisong Liu and Guoqing Li Tags: Research Source Type: research

Scanning electron microscopy of Onchocerca fasciata (Filarioidea: Onchocercidae) adults, microfilariae and eggs with notes on histopathological findings in camels
Onchocerca fasciata is a prevalent filarial species in camelids of Asia and Africa forming nodules in the skin of dromedary and Bactrian camels. In spite of recent advances in the biology and epidemiology of this... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 13, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Younes Ghahvei, Mohammad Mirzaei, Shadi Hashemnia, Mehdi Golchin, Reza Kheirandish, Shigehiko Uni, Jairo Alfonso Mendoza-Roldan, Domenico Otranto and Alireza Sazmand Tags: Research Source Type: research

Genomic studies on Strongyloides stercoralis in northern and western Thailand
Strongyloidiasis is a soil borne helminthiasis, which in most cases is caused by Strongyloides stercoralis. Human infections with S. fuelleborni fuelleborni and S. fuelleborni kellyi also occur. Although up to 37... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 13, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Kittipat Aupalee, Adulsak Wijit, Kittikhun Singphai, Christian R ödelsperger, Siyu Zhou, Atiporn Saeung and Adrian Streit Tags: Research Source Type: research

Divergent domains of 28S ribosomal RNA gene: DNA barcodes for molecular classification and identification of mites
The morphological and molecular identification of mites is challenging due to the large number of species, the microscopic size of the organisms, diverse phenotypes of the same species, similar morphology of d... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 13, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yae Zhao, Wan-Yu Zhang, Rui-Ling Wang and Dong-Ling Niu Tags: Research Source Type: research

Australian Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are susceptible to infection with a highly divergent and sylvatic strain of dengue virus type 2 but are unlikely to transmit it
Humans are the primary hosts of dengue viruses (DENV). However, sylvatic cycles of transmission can occur among non-human primates and human encroachment into forested regions can be a source of emergence of n... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 11, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Paul Pickering, Leon E. Hugo, Gregor J. Devine, John G. Aaskov and Wenjun Liu Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Spatial variation in the frequency of knockdown resistance genotypes in Florida Aedes aegypti populations
The development of insecticide resistance in disease-vectoring mosquito species can lead to vector control failure and disease resurgence. However, insecticide applications remain an essential public health in... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 11, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Stephanie J. Mundis, Alden S. Estep, Christy M. Waits and Sadie J. Ryan Tags: Research Source Type: research

Two old drugs, NVP-AEW541 and GSK-J4, repurposed against the Toxoplasma gondii RH strain
Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic pathogen that causes toxoplasmosis and leads to serious public health problems in developing countries. However, current clinical therapeutic drugs have some disadvantages, such as... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 11, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Shuxian Liu, Mimi Wu, Qianqian Hua, Daiqiang Lu, Yuan Tian, Helin Yu, Linyan Cheng, Yinqi Chen, Jiaxin Cao, Xin Hu and Feng Tan Tags: Research Source Type: research

Anopheles gambiae (s.l.) exhibit high intensity pyrethroid resistance throughout Southern and Central Mali (2016 –2018): PBO or next generation LLINs may provide greater control
This study investigat... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 8, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Arthur Sovi, Chitan Keita, Youssouf Sinaba, Abdourhamane Dicko, Ibrahim Traore, Moussa B. M. Cisse, Ousmane Koita, Dereje Dengela, Cecilia Flatley, Elie Bankineza, Jules Mihigo, Allison Belemvire, Jenny Carlson, Christen Fornadel and Richard M. Oxborough Tags: Research Source Type: research

An overview of malarial Anopheles mosquito survival estimates in relation to methodology
The transmission of malaria is known to be sensitive to the survival (longevity, mortality) of its mosquito vector, yet there have been few reviews of estimates of this important population parameter in the ma... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 7, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Justin Matthews, Alison Bethel and Goldie Osei Tags: Review Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis: a systematic review of the distribution in East, Southeast and South Asia
Taenia saginata is an important zoonotic parasite, causing taeniosis in humans and cysticercosis in bovines, the latter being a significant concern for the global beef industry. Many countries in East, Southeast ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 7, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ramon M. Eichenberger, Lian F. Thomas, Sarah Gabri ël, Branco Bobić, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Lucy J. Robertson, Anastasios Saratsis, Paul R. Torgerson, Uffe C. Braae, Veronique Dermauw and Pierre Dorny Tags: Review Source Type: research

Rats as potential reservoirs for neglected zoonotic Bartonella species in Flanders, Belgium
Bartonella spp. are vector-borne pathogens transmitted to humans via blood-sucking arthropods. Rodents such as the black rat (Rattus rattus) and Norway rat (R. norvegicus) are thought to be the main reservoirs. A... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 7, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Maria Kr ügel, Martin Pfeffer, Nina Król, Christian Imholt, Kristof Baert, Rainer G. Ulrich and Anna Obiegala Tags: Research Source Type: research

Interactions between host biogenic amines and sand fly salivary yellow-related proteins
During blood feeding, sand flies inoculate salivary proteins that interact with the host haemostatic system. The blocking of biogenic amines such as serotonin and histamine helps to limit vasodilatation and cl... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 7, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Tatiana Spitzova, Petra Sumova, Vera Volfova, Nikola Polanska, Luisa Poctova and Petr Volf Tags: Research Source Type: research

The absence of the drhm gene is not a marker for human-pathogenicity in European Anaplasma phagocytophilum strains
Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacterium that replicates in neutrophil granulocytes. It is transmitted by ticks of the Ixodes ricinus complex and causes febrile illness in hum... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 7, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Denis B. Langenwalder, Sabine Schmidt, Cornelia Silaghi, Jasmin Skuballa, Nikola Pantchev, Ioana A. Matei, Andrei D. Mihalca, Urs Gilli, Joanna Zajkowska, Martin Ganter, Tove Hoffman, Erik Salaneck, Miroslav Petrovec and Friederike D. von Loewenich Tags: Research Source Type: research

Safety and efficacy of a new spot-on formulation of selamectin plus sarolaner in the treatment and control of naturally occurring flea infestations in cats presented as veterinary patients in Australia
The safety and efficacy of a new spot-on formulation of selamectin plus sarolaner were evaluated for the treatment and control of natural flea infestations on cats in two non-randomised, multi-centre clinical ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 6, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Raj Packianathan, Melissa Pittorino, Andrew Hodge, Natalie Bruellke and Kelly Graham Tags: Research Source Type: research

Field-based evaluation of novaluron EC10 insect growth regulator, a chitin synthesis inhibitor against dengue vector breeding in leaf axils of pineapple plantations in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka
Insect growth regulators (IGRs) are considered a novel group of insecticides to control mosquitoes. Novaluron is an IGR with benzoylphenyl urea insecticide, which inhibits chitin synthesis in insects and can r... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 6, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nayana Gunathilaka, Tharaka Ranathunga, Dakshina Hettiarachchi, Lahiru Udayanga and Wimaladharma Abeyewickreme Tags: Research Source Type: research

Cattle gastrointestinal nematode egg-spiked faecal samples: high recovery rates using the Mini-FLOTAC technique
Faecal egg count (FEC) techniques are commonly used to detect gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs) in cattle and to determine anthelmintic efficacy/resistance through the faecal egg count reduction test (FECRT). ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 6, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Alessandra Amadesi, Antonio Bosco, Laura Rinaldi, Giuseppe Cringoli, Edwin Claerebout and Maria Paola Maurelli Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Molecular identification of Sarcocystis lutrae (Apicomplexa: Sarcocystidae) from the raccoon dog, Nyctereutes procyonoides, and the common raccoon, Procyon lotor, in the Czech Republic
Apicomplexan parasites of the genus Sarcocystis have an obligate two-host life-cycle and comprise about 200 species, which infect different cold- and warm-blooded hosts, including humans. Recently, morphological ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 6, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ond řej Máca Tags: Short report Source Type: research

Recent advances on innate immune pathways related to host –parasite cross-talk in cystic and alveolar echinococcosis
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) and alveolar echinococcosis (AE) are life-threatening parasitic infections worldwide caused by Echinococcus granulosus (sensu lato) and E. multilocularis, respectively. Very little is k... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 6, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nayer Mehdizad Bakhtiar, Adel Spotin, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Ehsan Ahmadpour and Ali Rostami Tags: Review Source Type: research

Toxoplasma gondii infection in slaughtered pigs and cattle in Poland: seroprevalence, molecular detection and characterization of parasites in meat
Toxoplasma gondii infection may pose a severe medical problem especially in a congenital form and as an acquired infection in immunocompromised persons. Raw and undercooked meat of slaughtered animals is regarded... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 4, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jacek Sroka, Jacek Karamon, Angelina W ójcik-Fatla, Weronika Piotrowska, Jacek Dutkiewicz, Ewa Bilska-Zając, Violetta Zając, Maciej Kochanowski, Joanna Dąbrowska and Tomasz Cencek Tags: Research Source Type: research

Uncharted digenean diversity in Lake Tanganyika: cryptogonimids (Digenea: Cryptogonimidae) infecting endemic lates perches (Actinopterygii: Latidae)
Lake Tanganyika is considered a biodiversity hotspot with exceptional species richness and level of endemism. Given the global importance of the lake in the field of evolutionary biology, the understudied stat... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 1, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nikol Kmentov á, Rodney A. Bray, Stephan Koblmüller, Tom Artois, Els Lea R. De Keyzer, Milan Gelnar, Maarten P. M. Vanhove and Simona Georgieva Tags: Research Source Type: research

Molecular characterisation and morphological description of two new species of Hepatozoon Miller, 1908 (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina: Hepatozoidae) infecting leukocytes of African leopards Panthera pardus pardus (L.)
The African leopard Panthera pardus pardus (L.) is currently listed as a vulnerable species on the IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) red list of threatened species due to ongoing populatio... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - May 1, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Michelle van As, Edward C. Netherlands and Nico J. Smit Tags: Research Source Type: research

Molecular detection of tick-borne pathogens in caracals (Caracal caracal) living in human-modified landscapes of South Africa
Wild carnivores living alongside humans and domestic animals are vulnerable to changes in the infectious disease dynamics in their populations. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence and diver... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 30, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Storme Viljoen, M. Justin O ’Riain, Barend L. Penzhorn, Marine Drouilly, Laurel E. K. Serieys, Bogdan Cristescu, Kristine J. Teichman and Jacqueline M. Bishop Tags: Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of the relative roles of the Tabanidae and Glossinidae in the transmission of trypanosomosis in drug resistance hotspots in Mozambique
Tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) and tabanids (Diptera: Tabanidae) are haematophagous insects of medical and veterinary importance due to their respective role in the biological and mechanical transmission ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Fernando C. Mulandane, Louwtjie P. Snyman, Denise R. A. Brito, Jeremy Bouyer, Jos é Fafetine, Jan Van Den Abbeele, Marinda Oosthuizen, Vincent Delespaux and Luis Neves Tags: Research Source Type: research

Habitat suitability modelling to assess the introductions of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Netherlands
In the Netherlands, Aedes albopictus has been found each year since 2010 during routine exotic mosquito species surveillance at companies that import used tires. We developed habitat suitability models to investi... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 26, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Adolfo Ib áñez-Justicia, Juan Diego Alcaraz-Hernández, Ron van Lammeren, Constantianus J. M. Koenraadt, Aldo Bergsma, Luca Delucchi, Annapaola Rizzoli and Willem Takken Tags: Research Source Type: research

Survey of UK pet owners quantifying internal parasite infection risk and deworming recommendation implications
Dogs and cats in the UK are exposed to many internal parasites which can pose risks to the health of both the pet and their owners. By understanding these endemic parasites and the risks they pose, we can asse... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 26, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Christopher Pennelegion, Jason Drake, Scott Wiseman and Ian Wright Tags: Research Source Type: research

Vacuolar ATPase depletion contributes to dysregulation of endocytosis in bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma brucei
Vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase) is a highly conserved protein complex which hydrolyzes ATP and pumps protons to acidify vacuolar vesicles. Beyond its role in pH maintenance, the involvement of V-ATPase in endocytos... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 25, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Zhi-Shen Xu, Feng-Jun Li, Geoff Hide, Zhao-Rong Lun and De-Hua Lai Tags: Research Source Type: research

Clonorchis sinensis secretory protein CsAg17 vaccine induces immune protection
Clonorchiasis is endemic in East and Southeast Asian countries. For a preventive strategy against infectious diseases, vaccination is the most effective. Here, we evaluated the molecular characteristics and im... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 25, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Xuelian Bai, Jin-Ho Song, Fuhong Dai, Ji-Yun Lee and Sung-Jong Hong Tags: Research Source Type: research

Detection of Cercopithifilaria bainae infection in shelter dogs and ticks in Oklahoma, USA
Cercopithifilaria bainae is a filarioid nematode of dogs. Infection with the parasite was not reported in the USA until 2017, when a dog with skin lesions in Florida was diagnosed. Brown dog ticks, Rhipicephalus ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 25, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Megan W. Lineberry, Kellee D. Sundstrom, Susan E. Little, Erin M. Stayton and Kelly E. Allen Tags: Research Source Type: research