Out-of-School-Time Academic Programs Are Recommended to Improve Academic Achievement and Health Equity
The Community Preventive Services Task Force makes several recommendations for academically at-risk students: reading-focused out-of-school-time academic programs are recommended on the basis of strong evidence of effectiveness in improving the reading achievement of students in grade levels K-3. Mathematics-focused out-of-school-time academic programs are recommended on the basis of sufficient evidence of effectiveness in improving mathematics achievement. General out-of-school-time academic programs that do not focus on one specific subject are recommended on the basis of sufficient evidence of effectiveness in improving...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 1, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Out-of-School-Time Academic Programs to Improve School Achievement: A Community Guide Health Equity Systematic Review
Conclusions: OSTA programs, particularly focused programs, are effective in increasing academic achievement for at-risk students. Ongoing school and social environments that support learning and development may be essential to ensure the longer-term benefits of OSTA programs. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 1, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Using High-Impact HIV Prevention to Achieve the National HIV/AIDS Strategic Goals in Miami-Dade County, Florida: A Case Study
We describe a case study of how 1 Metropolitan Statistical Area, Miami-Dade County, developed and implemented a locally tailored plan. Examples include actions to reinforce local partnerships and identify neighborhoods with highest unmet needs, an improved condom distribution system to assist local HIV care providers, collaboration with local stakeholders to establish a new walk-in center for transgender client needs, and overcoming incompatibilities in health department and Ryan White Program computer record systems to facilitate faster and more efficient patient services. These examples show how jurisdictions both within...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 1, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Among Adults and Children in 5 US States
Conclusion: HPV vaccination in the United States remains below the Healthy People 2020 objective (80%). To increase HPV vaccination, strategies still need to focus on improving access to HPV vaccines and utilization of health services. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 1, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Lessons Learned From Transitioning PEPFAR Track 1.0 Care and Treatment Programs: Case Studies in Financial Management Capacity Building in Zambia and Botswana
In 2008, the United States government mandated transition of internationally managed HIV care and treatment programs to local country ownership. Three case studies illustrate the US Health Resources Services Administration's fiscal assessment and technical assistance (TA) processes to strengthen local organizations' capabilities to absorb and manage United States government funding. Review of initial, TA and follow-up reports reveal that the 1 Botswanan and 2 Zambian organizations closed 10 of 17 financial capacity gaps, with Health Resources Services Administration assisting on 2. Zambian organizations requested and absor...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 1, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Modeling the Declining Positivity Rates for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing in New York State
Conclusions: HIV test positivity is a readily available indicator, but it cannot distinguish causes of underlying changes. Findings suggest that the percentage of unaware HIV-infected New Yorkers is lower than the national estimate and that the observed HIV test positivity rate is greater than expected if infected and uninfected individuals tested at the same rate, indicating that testing efforts are appropriately targeting undiagnosed cases. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 1, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

A Tailored Approach to Launch Community Coalitions Focused on Achieving Structural Changes: Lessons Learned From a HIV Prevention Mobilization Study
This article describes the adaptations made to a coalition development model with the purpose of improving the start-up phase for a second group of coalitions. Modifications focused on preparing coalitions to more efficiently apply structural change concepts to their strategic planning activities, create more objectives that met study goals, and enhance coalition procedures such as building distributed coalition leadership to better support the mobilization process. We report on primary modifications to the process, findings for the coalitions, and recommendations for public health practitioners who are seeking to start a ...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 1, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Establishing an HIV Screening Program Led by Staff Nurses in a County Jail
Context: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing in jails provides an opportunity to reach individuals outside the scope of traditional screening programs. The rapid turnover of jail populations has, in the past, been a formidable barrier to offering routine access to testing. Objective: To establish an opt-out, rapid HIV testing program, led by nurses on the jail staff, that would provide undiagnosed yet infected detainees opportunities to learn their status regardless of their hour of entry and duration of stay. Design: Jail nurses offered rapid, opt-out HIV testing. Setting: Fulton County Jail in Georgia, United Stat...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 1, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Funding for HIV Testing Associated With Higher State Percentage of Persons Tested
Conclusions: Providing HIV testing resources to health departments was associated with an increased percentage of state residents tested for HIV. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 1, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Internet-Based Partner Services in US Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Programs: 2009-2013
Background: Social networking sites have become increasingly popular venues for meeting sex partners. Today, some sexually transmitted disease (STD) programs conduct Internet-based partner services (IPS). The purpose of the study was to explore how the Internet is being used by STD prevention programs to perform partner services. Methods: We assessed US STD prevention programs receiving funds through the 2008-2013 Comprehensive STD Prevention Systems cooperative agreement. We (1) reviewed 2009 IPS protocols in 57 funding applications against a benchmark of national guidelines and (2) surveyed persons who conducted IPS in j...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 1, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Beyond the Headlines: Public Health Implications of Law Enforcement's Excessive Use of Force
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 1, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Will Health and Education Agencies Help Each Other?
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 1, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Legionellosis on the Rise: A Review of Guidelines for Prevention in the United States
Conclusions: Legionellosis deserves a higher public health priority for research and policy development. Guidance across public health agencies for the primary prevention of legionellosis requires strengthening as this disease escalates in importance as a cause of severe morbidity and mortality. We recommend a formal and comprehensive review of national public health guidelines for prevention of legionellosis. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Quality Indicators for Primary Health Care: A Systematic Literature Review
Data have indicated that countries with a strong system of Primary Health Care (PHC) are more likely to have efficient health systems and better health outcomes than countries that focus strongly on hospital services. The aim of the article was to systematically review implemented quality projects used for evaluation of quality in PHC services. A systematic literature review was conducted via MEDLINE to identify papers referring to international or national PHC quality assessment projects, published in English from 1990 to 2010. Projects were included if they had been implemented, had a holistic approach, and reported spec...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Opening Health Data: What Do Researchers Want? Early Experiences With New York's Open Health Data Platform
Conclusions: Open data are not ideal for some researchers because they do not contain individually identifiable data, indicating a need for tiered data release strategies. However, they do provide important new opportunities to facilitate research and foster collaborations among agencies, researchers, and practitioners. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Joint Recommendations for the Public Health Informatics Infrastructure
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: News From NACCHO Source Type: research

Transitioning From “Public Health Has the Data” to “Public Health Has the Answers”
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: State of Public Health Source Type: research

Taking a Step Forward in Public Health Finance: Establishing Standards for a Uniform Chart of Accounts Crosswalk
In its 2012 report on the current and future states of public health finance, the Institute of Medicine noted, with concern, the relative lack of capacity for practitioners and researchers alike to make comparisons between health department expenditures across the country. This is due in part to different accounting systems, service portfolios, and state- or agency-specific reporting requirements. The Institute of Medicine called for a uniform chart of accounts, perhaps building on existing efforts such as the Public Health Uniform National Data Systems (PHUND$). Shortly thereafter, a group was convened to work with public...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Ebola: The Ethics of Thinking Ahead
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Leaderless Leaders: Leaders in Title Only
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

The Dangerous Mix of Adolescents and Dietary Supplements for Weight Loss and Muscle Building: Legal Strategies for State Action
This article reviews studies reporting on Americans' use of dietary supplements marketed for weight loss or muscle building, notes the particular dangers these products pose to the youth, and suggests that states can build on their historical enactment of regulatory controls for products with potential health consequences to protect the public and especially young people from unsafe and mislabeled dietary supplements. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Use of Mini-Grant to Disseminate Evidence-Based Interventions for Cancer Prevention and Control
This article describes efforts by 4 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Cancer Institute–funded Cancer Prevention and Control Research Network centers to design and implement mini-grant programs to disseminate evidence-based interventions for cancer prevention and control. This article also describes source of evidence-based interventions, funding levels, selection criteria, time frame, number and size of grants, types of organizations funded, selected accomplishments, training and technical assistance, and evaluation topics/methods. Grant size ranged from $1000 to $10 000 (median = $6250). This mini-...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Survival Benefits of Treatment Access Among Underserved Breast Cancer Patients Diagnosed Through the Texas Breast and Cervical Cancer Services Program
Conclusions: Although there are differences in the types of treatment provided to the participants and the comparison group, there is no evidence of guideline noncompliance or stage-inappropriate treatment provision in either of the groups. Despite being diagnosed with a more advanced stage, the participants had similar unadjusted and adjusted survival rates as the comparison group. Access to timely treatment improved survival and brought the underserved participants on par with the comparison group. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Role of Socioeconomic Status and Health Care Access in Breast Cancer Screening Compliance Among Hispanics
Conclusions: The study projects that improving health care access and health education will considerably increase breast cancer screening compliance among Hispanic women. Policies like the Affordable Care Act, and patient navigation and health education interventions, might considerably reduce screening disparities in the Hispanic population. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Illinois Breast and Cervical Cancer Program: Implementing Effective Public-Private Partnerships to Assure Population Health
With the implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), it is essential for the public health sector to elucidate its role with respect to its mission of assuring population health, and to clarify its role with respect to the private health care system. To that end, we examined the value added to the population health enterprise of successful public-private partnerships (PPPs) such as those found in the Illinois Breast and Cervical Cancer Program (IBCCP), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (NBCCEDP) in Illinois. Key Informant (KI) interview...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

What Does a Performance Measurement System Tell Us About the National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program?
Conclusions: While NCCCP programs were strong at building and maintaining infrastructure, some programs may need additional technical assistance to increase the adoption of evidence-based interventions, develop solid and responsive evaluation plans, and better link efforts to population-based measures that demonstrate impact toward reducing the burden of cancer. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Use of Evidence-Based Practices and Resources Among Comprehensive Cancer Control Programs
Conclusions: While awareness, knowledge, and use of EBPs and related resources are high, respondents identified numerous challenges and training needs. The findings from this study may be used to enhance technical assistance provided to NCCCP grantees related to selecting and implementing EBPs. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Patient Navigation in a Colorectal Cancer Screening Program
Conclusions: Our study provides insights into PN across a federally funded CRC program. Results suggest that PN activities may be instrumental in recruiting people into cancer screening and ensuring completed screening and follow-up. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

National Trends and Disparities in Mammography Among Commercially Insured Women, 2001-2010
This study used a longitudinal time series design to examine mammography rates among 5.4 million US women aged 40 to 64 years from 2001 to 2010. Adjusted annual rates stratified by age group (40-49 years/50-64 years) and neighborhood-level socioeconomic characteristics including poverty and race/ethnicity were plotted. Mammography disparities were defined as the absolute percentage difference in adjusted screening rates between population subgroups in a given year. Trends in 2001-2010 screening rates and socioeconomic disparities were fitted as annual percentage changes (APCs) using join point analysis, which can determine...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Doctors, TV, and Truth: Evidence in the Realm of Edutainment
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

A Matter of Perspective: Seeing Cuban and United States' Health Systems Through a Cultural Lens
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Analyzing Cancer Disparities: A New Policy Landscape Calls for New Approaches to Research
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Promoting Healthy Lifestyles to Children at School: Using a Multidisciplinary Train-the-Trainer Approach
Objective: The purpose of the study was to examine the efficacy of a multidisciplinary train-the-trainer model for improving fitness and food label literacy in third-grade students. Design: University student trainers taught ABC for Fitness and Nutrition Detectives, established programs to promote physical activity and nutrition knowledge, to 239 third-grade students in 2 communities over a 6-month period. A total of 110 children were in the intervention group and 129 children in the control group (2 schools each). Outcomes included the Food Label Literacy and Nutrition Knowledge test and the fitness measures of curl-ups, ...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Improving Response to Foodborne Disease Outbreaks in the United States: Findings of the Foodborne Disease Centers for Outbreak Response Enhancement (FoodCORE), 2010-2012
Conclusion: Centers used targeted resources and process evaluation to implement and document practices that improve the completeness and timeliness of FBD surveillance and outbreak response activities in several public health settings. FoodCORE strategies and model practices could be replicated in other jurisdictions to improve FBD response. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Association of Employee Attributes and Exceptional Performance Rating at a National Center of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011
Conclusions: Exceptional SPR is independently associated with personal employee attributes and job settings that are not modifiable by interventions designed to improve employee performance based on accomplishments. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Factors Affecting the Progress of Community Health Assessment and Improvement Activities in Kansas
Conclusions: Workforce development and public health system development issues are central concerns identified by this study. Local health departments with constrained resources and limited staff, despite additional training, are unlikely to develop the capacity needed to effectively support CHA-CHIP, making long-term sustainability uncertain. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Public Health Perceptions of Community Pharmacy Partnership Opportunities
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: News From NACCHO Source Type: research

Living Longer Better: A Call to Action to Promote the Health of Older Adults and Their Communities
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: State of Public Health Source Type: research

The Elusive “Holy Grail” of Organizational Culture and the Power of Like
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: The Management Moment Source Type: research

Disability Within US Public Health School and Program Curricula
Conclusion: This assessment provides a potential baseline measurement for Healthy People 2020 objective DH-3. Future assessments should focus on clarifying disability content within courses and identifying capacity to offering disability training within public health schools and programs. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Strategic Planning for Chronic Disease Prevention in Rural America: Looking Through a PRISM Lens
Conclusions: The Mississippi Delta Strategic Alliance strategic planning process was complemented by the use of PRISM as a tool for strategic planning, which led to the implementation of new and strengthened chronic disease prevention interventions and policies in the Mississippi Delta. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

RISE: Promoting Diversity Among Public Health Professionals
Context: Public health education and research training of underrepresented populations is an important component of a comprehensive approach to promote health equity. Objective: To describe student outcomes following participation in an innovative public health training cooperative agreement program funded by the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention. Participants: Sixty-six graduate, professional, and recent baccalaureate degree students participated in the Research Initiatives for Student Enhancement program. The majority of the students were from underrepresented populations (95%) and female (80%). Intervention: The...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Twitter and Public Health
Twitter can serve as a powerful communication modality to both “push” and “pull” public health data; each user is a potential public health sensor and actor. However, in 2012, only 8% of local health departments had Twitter accounts. We outline how Twitter works, describe how to access public tweets for public health surveillance purposes, review the literature on Twitter's current and potential role supporting public health's essential services, summarize Twitter's limitations, and make recommendations for health department use. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Affordable Housing and Health: A Health Impact Assessment on Physical Inspection Frequency
Conclusions: The majority of physical inspections identified housing quality issues that have the potential to impact human health. If the frequency of physical inspections is reduced as a result of inspection alignment, the most health protective inspection protocol should be selected for funding agency inspections; a standardized physical inspection tool is recommended to improve the consistency of inspection findings between mandatory physical inspections in order to promote optimum tenant health. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Self-Reported Health Outcomes Associated With Green-Renovated Public Housing Among Primarily Elderly Residents
Conclusions: Green healthy housing renovation may result in improved mental and general physical health, prevented falls, and reduced exposure to tobacco smoke. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Moving Into Green Healthy Housing
Conclusion: The mixed method approach employed here describes the complex relationships among self-reported health, housing conditions, environmental measures, and clinical data. Housing conditions and self-reported physical and mental health improved in green healthy housing. Health care cost savings in Medicaid due to improved housing could not be quantified here but hold promise for future investigations with larger cohorts over a longer follow-up period. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Setting Budgets and Priorities at State Health Agencies
Conclusions: Public health leaders report facing significant tradeoffs in the course of priority-setting. The authorizing environment continues to force public health leaders to make challenging tradeoffs between unmet need and political considerations, and among vulnerable groups. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Practitioner Perspectives on Foundational Capabilities
Conclusions: Respondents were not able to articulate the current or optimal levels of services for the various capabilities, nor the costs associated with them. Further research is needed to understand the role of FCs as part of the foundational public health services. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Public Health Initiatives in New York City During the Bloomberg Administration
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Learning From New York City: A Case Study of Public Health Policy Practice in the Bloomberg Administration
Conclusions: While some aspects of this case study are unique to the context of New York City, 2 approaches used in New York City are feasible for other jurisdictions: harnessing the full scope and breadth of authority of the agency and its associated boards and commissions, and remobilizing existing workforce to explicitly focus on and coordinate targeted policies for issues of concern. Questions for further consideration are posed at the conclusion of the article. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research