Regarding Investment in a Healthier Future: Impact of the 2012 Institute of Medicine Finance Report
Conclusions: The Finance report has served as a strong impetus for advocating for an increased investment in governmental public health. Efforts are bolstered by informed public health practitioners and stakeholders but often stymied by policy makers who must balance complex competing issues and priorities. Although many successes have occurred, further work is needed toward improving investment in the nation's public health. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Systematic/Narrative Review Source Type: research

Public Education Interventions and Uptake of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine: A Systematic Review
Conclusion: Interventions that delivered HPV-related education by authoritative sources and included parents improved HPV vaccination rates among adolescents and young adults. Community engagement played an important role in vaccine uptake among minority populations. Future studies should focus on male participants and minority populations to reduce disparities in HPV-related cancer incidence and HPV vaccine coverage. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Systematic/Narrative Review Source Type: research

Hospital Policies During COVID-19: An Analysis of Visitor Restrictions
Conclusion: Visitor restriction policies varied significantly among hospitals in this review. These variances create challenges in that their fair application may be problematic and ethical issues related to allocation may arise. Five recommendations are offered for hospitals revising or creating such policies, including that offering transparent, accessible, public-facing policies can minimize ethical dilemmas. In addition, hospitals would benefit from communicating with each other in the development of visitor policies to ensure uniformity and support patients and family members as they navigate hospital visitation. ...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Community Health Improvement Plans: An Analysis of Approaches Used by Local Health Departments
Context: The Public Health Accreditation Board requires accredited local health departments (LHDs) to complete community health improvement plans (CHIPs). Evidence suggests that participatory planning frameworks, cross-sector collaboration, social determinants of health (SDOHs), and steering organizations are integral to effective public health planning. However, little is known about the degree to which LHDs incorporate these aspects during the CHIP process. Objectives: To describe the use of planning methods, SDOHs, cross-sector partnerships, and steering organizations during the CHIP development process among...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Public Health Emergency Response Leadership Training: A Qualitative Assessment of Existing Educational Opportunities and Perceived Facilitators, Barriers, and Priorities in Professional Development
Conclusion: Effective public health emergency response depends on capable leaders not only well versed in specialized technical disciplines and practices but also familiar with—or preferably fluent in—emergency management principles and functions. This study demonstrated that well-aimed training strategies and organizational planning are essential in developing public health emergency response leaders. Specifically, leadership development may accrue considerable benefit from a standardized training curriculum. In addition, scalable training programs developed through public, private, and academic partnershi...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Training Needs and Awareness of Emerging Areas of Public Health Practice Among Epidemiologists Working in State Health Agency Central Offices in the United States, 2017
Conclusions: Stratified analyses by tenure identified important differences in training needs and motivators that employers can use to customize workforce development strategies. SHA-CO epidemiologists reported varying amounts of awareness of EAoP. Specialized training approaches may contribute to improved employee engagement and reduce skill gaps among SHA-CO epidemiologists. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Opioid Prescription Trends in a US Dental School Clinic, 2014-2018: A Retrospective Study Using Electronic Health Record Data
Conclusions: While causal relationships cannot be drawn between drug abuse and prescription trends alone, this exploratory study provided a better understanding of prescription frequency patterns that can help monitor distribution of opioids and identify areas where future public health interventions may be needed. Dental education institutions have an obligation to ensure a competent health care workforce as well as unique opportunities to support regional and national public health strategies aimed at reducing misuse of opioids. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Training Networks of Local Health Departments: A Regional Assessment
Conclusions: State health departments may benefit from the support of universities, national nonprofits, and national membership organizations by partnering to offer training or by recommending training from these organizations to LHDs. Additional qualitative information from local and state health departments would be useful to determine the best strategies for universities, national nonprofits, and national membership organizations to participate in training local practitioners to improve LHD capacity. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Funding Public Health: Achievements and Challenges in Public Health Financing Since the Institute of Medicine's 2012 Report
Conclusions: Many of the achievements reported by respondents were characterized as increased dialogue and individual state or local progress rather than widespread, identifiable policy or practice changes. Participants suggested that public health as a field needs to achieve further consensus and a uniform voice in order to advocate for changes at a federal level. Implications for Policy and Practice: Slow progress in achieving 2012 IOM Finance Report recommendations and lack of a cohesive voice pose threats to the public's health, as can be seen in the context of COVID-19 emergency response activities. The pan...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Attracting New Talent to the Governmental Public Health Workforce: Strategies for Improved Recruitment of Public Health Graduates
Conclusions: Key to effectively recruiting and retaining new graduates is understanding their perceptions about/experiences with GPH agencies. While GPH jobs have desired attributes, participants reported that health departments are not effectively recruiting them. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Local Health Department Revenue Diversification and Revenue Volatility: Can One Be Used to Manage the Other?
Conclusions: Revenue volatility presents LHDs with important short- and long-term operational challenges. Our models suggest that revenue diversification did not reduce revenue volatility among Washington State LHDs in 1998-2014. Further research will need to examine whether revenue diversification reduces LHD financial risk in other settings. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Do Nonprofit Hospitals Evaluate Their Community Benefit Activities?
Conclusions: In general, Minnesota hospitals are using program evaluation to assess their community benefit implementation strategies, although the extent to which they evaluate their strategies varies considerably between hospitals. While the use of outcome indicators of impact has increased over time, levels of use suggest the importance of incorporating public health expertise in CHNA work. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Frequent Episodic Utilizers of Veterans Health Administration Homeless Programs Use: Background Characteristics and Health Services Use
Conclusions: Addressing veterans' needs related to poverty, income, and postincarceration reintegration may reduce the frequent episodic use of VHA Homeless Programs. Interventions embedded in emergency departments and inpatient units may also be considered. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Building a Sustainable Governmental Public Health Workforce: A Look at the Millennial Generation
Conclusions: Millennials in governmental public health agencies (excluding local health departments with (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Prevalence of Concussion-Related Policies and Practices Among Public School Districts in the United States, 2012 and 2016
Conclusions: The findings in this study highlight improvements in school districts nationwide in adopting concussion-related policies and practices. Policies such as requiring educational sessions allow parents and student athletes to learn about concussions and understand the importance of reporting a concussion or concussion symptoms. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Diabetes Prevention for Pacific People in the United States: A Mixed-Methods Feasibility Study to Adapt the Diabetes Prevention Program With Samoan/Tongan Church Communities
Conclusions: Results demonstrate possible ways to tailor the DPP for US-based Samoan/Tongan populations by harnessing cultural traditions and addressing existing barriers and psychosocial constructs. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Trends and Rural-Urban Differences in Participation in Diabetes Self-management Education Among Adults in North Carolina: 2012-2017
This study aimed to report recent trends in self-reported diabetes self-management education (DSME) participation rates among adults in North Carolina and to compare these rates between rural and urban residents. Methods: Data for this analysis were obtained from the NC Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for the years 2012, 2013, 2015, and 2017, when the survey included the diabetes module. Respondents were classified as having participated in DSME if they answered “Yes” to the question, “Have you ever taken a course or class in how to manage your diabetes yourself?” We used t...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Assessing the Walkability Environments of Churches in a Rural Southeastern County of the United States
Conclusions: This study used low-cost environmental audits to analyze walkability in a sample of churches in a rural area and examined differences by neighborhood income. While churches may improve reach of people living in underserved and rural communities, a lack of environmental supports may limit effective PA promotion activities. Partnerships focused on improving existing areas or providing alternative PA opportunities for church and community members may be needed, especially in African American communities. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Screening for Excessive Alcohol Consumption in Emergency Departments: A Nationwide Assessment of Emergency Department Physicians
Conclusions: Only 1 in 6 ED physicians consistently screened their patients for excessive drinking. Increased use of EHR reminders and other systems interventions (eg, electronic screening and brief intervention) could help improve the delivery of screening and follow-up services for excessive drinkers in EDs. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Concordance of Data on Children's Unmet Health Care Needs Between 2 National Surveys
Conclusion: The NHIS design, asking about each type of unmet need in person, may have been more conducive to identifying the full range of unmet health care needs among children. However, our results did not indicate that this was a source of bias in multivariable regression analysis. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Assessing the Strategies That Children's Hospitals Adopt to Engage the Social Determinants of Health in US Cities
Conclusions: Pediatric health care institutions have a profound opportunity to reduce health disparities by altering the social environments in which children develop. Policy makers and scholars should provide support and resources to increase community benefit investments in this area. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

“Holding the City's Feet to the Fire”: Lessons Learned From Oakland's Implementation of Measure HH Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Tax
Conclusions: The study offers a range of recommendations—derived from lessons learned over several years of implementation—to policy makers and advocates engaged in SSB tax adoption and implementation efforts in their jurisdictions. SSB tax implementation requires sufficient agency administrative capacity and a strong pro-tax coalition that engages local community organizations to respond to public health needs. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Examining the Implementation of Activity-Friendly Zoning and Land Use Policies Through the Use of Google Street View Measures: A Pilot Study
Conclusions: Results show that having activity-friendly policy provisions embedded in a jurisdiction's (municipality/county) zoning codes was associated with a greater presence of the corresponding built environmental street feature on the ground. Results suggest that the methods tested in this article may be a useful policy tool for local governments to identify high need areas that should be prioritized for built environment improvements. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Public Health Representation on Active Transportation Bodies Across US Municipalities
Conclusions: Approximately 9 in 10 US municipalities have a planning or zoning commission, whereas only 1 in 6 has an active transportation advisory committee. Public health representation on active transportation bodies across US municipalities is low. Increasing the adoption of active transportation advisory committees and ensuring a designated public health representative on active transportation bodies may help promote the development of activity-friendly communities across the United States. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Neighborhood-Level Chronic Disease Surveillance: Utility of Primary Care Electronic Health Records and Emergency Department Claims Data
Conclusions: Both EHRs and ED claims data are useful for identifying neighborhoods with greater disease burden and have potential for monitoring chronic conditions at the neighborhood level. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Receipt and Timeliness of Newborn Hearing Screening and Diagnostic Services Among Babies Born in 2017 in 9 States
Conclusions: Timely completion of the newborn hearing screening is achieved by most of the population among the participating states. Increased efforts may be considered by state EHDI programs to provide additional follow-up and education to underrepresented racial/ethnic groups, mothers with less education, and NICU infants and their families as these groups appear to be at an increased risk for delayed diagnostic testing for hearing loss. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Salary Differences Between Schools of Medicine and Schools of Public Health for Nonclinical PhD Faculty: A Case Study of One Large Multicampus University System
There are no evidence-based findings to assist professionals with advanced public health and social science degrees in choosing the appropriate academic location. A cross-sectional case study in 2019 was conducted using publicly available online data of full-time, nonclinical, doctoral-level academic faculty in schools of public health (SOPHs) and schools of medicine (SOMs), within one large university system. Analyses included descriptive statistics and generalized linear regression models comparing salaries between school types by academic rank, after gender and race/ethnicity adjustment. The study included 181 faculty m...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Brief Report Source Type: research

Comparison of Census Tract–Level Chronic Disease Prevalence Estimates From 500 Cities and Local Health Claims Data
Conclusions: Modeled estimates from the 500 Cites Project were significantly higher than insurance claims estimates for hypertension but were more consistent for diabetes. Utilization of multiple data sources to understand local-level chronic disease burden requires consideration of the strengths and limitations of each. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Brief Report Source Type: research

The Effects of the Affordable Care Act on Health Access Among Adults Aged 18-64 Years With Chronic Health Conditions in the United States, 2011-2017
Context: The 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) eliminated the restrictions on preexisting conditions for health care coverage. Little is known about the effects of the ACA on health care access among individuals with chronic health conditions. Objective: To determine how the implementations of the ACA affected health care access for adults with chronic health conditions. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data from respondents aged 18 to 64 years to the 2011-2017 nationally representative Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BFRSS) who reported preexisting chronic health conditi...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Brief Report Source Type: research

Exploring the Linkage Between Accreditation Outcomes and Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response
This study presents findings from a survey sent to health departments 1 year after achieving accreditation, with a focus on accreditation outcomes related to public health preparedness. Between April 2014 and February 2020, 214 health departments responded to the survey. Most respondents indicated that accreditation had positively influenced their health department's performance within each of the selected topic areas that may influence public health preparedness: workforce development; quality improvement efforts; use of evidence and data to drive decisions; and partnerships, accountability, and credibility among external...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Brief Report Source Type: research

Shifts in Community Benefits Spending Among Nonprofit Hospitals in Nebraska and 10 Proximate States, 2012 and 2015
Conclusions: The shift in community benefit expenditures from direct patient care to community health improvement initiatives and health professions education and research suggests that hospitals are investing in programs with broader community-wide benefits. Nebraska allocates a significantly larger share of its community benefits spending to community health improvement activities than other Great Plains and Midwestern states. Nebraska is in the process of implementing Medicaid expansion, which may shift future community benefits spending decisions. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Practice Full Report Source Type: research

Including Homeless Populations in Disaster Preparedness, Planning, and Response: A Toolkit for Practitioners
This article describes the development of the toolkit. The toolkit is divided into 3 sections: Creating an inclusive emergency management system;Planning for service continuity; andGuidance for health care providers. Section 1 provides guidance to homeless service providers and government entities in identifying collaborative relationships to ensure that services are available to address homeless populations' disaster needs. Section 2 offers nonprofit homeless service providers guidance in creating their disaster response plans. Section 3 aims to ensure that public health officials and health care systems have the ca...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Practice Full Report Source Type: research

Results of an Initiative Supporting Community-Based Organizations and Health Care Clinics to Assist Individuals With Enrolling in SNAP
Context: Only 58% of eligible Coloradans are enrolled in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). In recent years, more community-based organizations (CBOs) and health care clinics are incorporating screening for social needs into their workflows. Program: Seven Colorado-based CBOs and 3 clinics received funding (2016-2018) to screen for food insecurity (FI) and provide SNAP application assistance to their clients and patients. Implementation: Funded agencies were required to implement strategies focused on particular populations or settings based on Food Research and Action Center recommenda...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Practice Full Report Source Type: research

Implementing Group Model Building With the Shape Up Under 5 Community Committee Working to Prevent Early Childhood Obesity in Somerville, Massachusetts
Conclusion: Group model building is a promising approach to support multisector groups working to address early childhood obesity in their community. Meeting activities may have had differential impacts on members' knowledge of and engagement with early childhood obesity. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Practice Full Report Source Type: research

Willingness to Pay for Select Tick-Borne Disease Prevention Measures in Endemic Areas
Tick-borne diseases (TBDs) are increasing despite prevention recommendations. We explored whether cost is a barrier to prevention use in Connecticut and Maryland, using a cross-sectional survey. Respondents were queried regarding their willingness to pay for chemical, natural, and rodent-targeted yard pesticide treatments and permethrin-treated clothing. We evaluated associations between demographics, TBD knowledge and attitudes, and willingness to pay for prevention methods. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Brief Report Source Type: research

Advancing Quality Improvement in Public Health by Exploring CQI in Alabama's Home Visiting Program
Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) is the use of a deliberate and defined improvement process to advance organizational systems. Quality improvement in public health is increasingly widespread, but there are still limited examples of success or descriptions of developmental trajectories for building CQI capacity. The goal of this article is to add to the extant knowledge on the topic by describing one state's implementation of evidence-based CQI in the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting program between 2014 and 2019. On the basis of a systematic review of Annual Yearly Progress reports and semistructured...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Practice Brief Report Source Type: research

Progress in Cancer Control in Maryland: 1985-2015
Conclusions: Maryland's 30-year cancer mortality declines have outpaced other states. However, a reduction in mortality while incidence rates remain high indicates a need for enhanced focus on primary prevention. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Case Study Source Type: research

An Academic–Health Department Community Partnership to Expand Disease Investigation and Contact Tracing Capacity and Efficiency During the COVID-19 Pandemic
This article describes an innovative disease investigation and contact tracing program developed through a formalized community partnership between a local county health department and local university. This innovative new program added 108 contact tracers to the county's public health workforce, as well as enabled these contact tracers to work remotely using a call center app and secure cloud-based platform to manage the county's caseload of cases and contacts. An overview of the requirements needed to develop this program (eg, hiring, health data security protocols, data source management), as well as lessons learned is ...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Navigating the Storm of COVID-19 Literature Through Academic-Practice Partnership in Washington State: The COVID-19 Literature Situation Report
Conclusions: The flexible Lit Rep model sets a standard for responding to emerging public health threats and communicating complex scientific information to government leaders, public health staff, and other interested parties. The WA DOH and the UW have exemplified how a mutually beneficial partnership can be established to support more effective public health practice based on real-time evidence both during a crisis and potentially for future public health challenges. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

The Power of Connections: AAP COVID-19 ECHO Accelerates Responses During a Public Health Emergency
Discussion: As the COVID-19 pandemic surges and another influenza season is upon us, the ECHO model is an effective strategy for facilitating bidirectional communication and education to build child health professionals' knowledge, skills, and self-efficacy during an unprecedented and ongoing public health emergency. Key Points The ECHO model is an effective strategy for health care organizations to facilitate bidirectional communication and education in building health professionals' clinical knowledge, skills, and self-efficacy during the unprecedented and ongoing public health emergency of the COVID-19 pandem...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Healing Through Policy: A Guide for Public Health Agencies
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Getting Practical Source Type: research

A Qualitative Analysis of Local Health Departments' Experiences With Contact-Tracing Tools in Response to COVID-19
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: News From NACCHO Source Type: research

Evidenced-Based Approaches States and Territories Can Implement to Advance Adult Immunization Uptake During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: State of Public Health Source Type: research

The Public Health Worker Mental Health Crisis—A Major Leadership Challenge
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: The Management Moment Source Type: research

Using Public Deliberation to Set Priorities: The Case of COVID-19 Vaccine Access in New York City
Conclusions: Participants' focus on equity, and acknowledgment of racial and ethnic disparities, revealed a nuanced understanding of the broader determinants of health. Recommendations reinforced the NYC health department's approach to vaccine distribution. Public Health Implications: Results from these public deliberations confirmed community support for approaches prioritizing health equity, recognizing both societal and personal factors affecting vulnerability to poor health. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Telehealth Availability and Usage Among Medicare Beneficiaries During the COVID-19 Pandemic, October and November 2020
Context: During the COVID-19 pandemic, demand for telehealth services increased to reduce disease exposure for patients and providers and to meet preexisting demand for physician services in health resource shortage areas. Objective: To estimate self-reported telehealth availability, equipment for accessing telehealth, and telehealth usage among Medicare beneficiaries during the COVID-19 pandemic. Design: We used data from the 2020 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS) COVID-19 Fall Supplement Public Use File to estimate the weighted percentages of beneficiaries who had (a) access to telehealth befor...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Willingness to Get a COVID-19 Vaccine and Reasons for Hesitancy Among Medicare Beneficiaries: Results From a National Survey
Conclusions: The 2020 MCBS survey data showed that close to 40% of Medicare beneficiaries were hesitant about getting a COVID-19 vaccine, and the hesitancy was greater in racial/ethnic minorities. Medicare beneficiaries were concerned about the safety of the vaccine, and some appeared to be misinformed. Evidence-based educational and policy-level interventions need to be implemented to further promote COVID-19 vaccination. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Multifaceted Public Health Response to a COVID-19 Outbreak Among Meat-Processing Workers, Utah, March-June 2020
Objective: To identify potential strategies to mitigate COVID-19 transmission in a Utah meat-processing facility and surrounding community. Design/Setting: During March-June 2020, 502 workers at a Utah meat-processing facility (facility A) tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. Using merged data from the state disease surveillance system and facility A, we analyzed the relationship between SARS-CoV-2 positivity and worker demographics, work section, and geospatial data on worker residence. We analyzed worker survey responses to questions regarding COVID-19 knowledge, beliefs, and behaviors at work and home. Particip...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Coronavirus Disease 2019 at a County Jail—Alameda County, California, March 2020-March 2021
We describe an outbreak investigation of COVID-19 at a jail (jail A) in Alameda County during March 2020-March 2021. Implementation: To prevent COVID-19 cases among incarcerated persons and employees, staff at jail A and the county public health department worked to develop and recommend infection control measures implemented by jail A including, but not limited to, face covering use among incarcerated persons and staff; cohorting incarcerated persons at a higher risk of severe COVID-19 in dedicated housing units; quarantining all newly detained individuals for 14 days; and offering testing for all symptomatic incar...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

The Impact of Covid-19 State Closure Orders on Consumer Spending, Employment, and Business Revenue
Conclusions: The impact of COVID-19 on economic activity likely reflects a combination of factors, in addition to state closures, such as individuals' perceptions of risk related to COVID-19 incidence, which may play significant roles in impacting economic activity. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - November 28, 2021 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research