Disparities in Zika Virus Testing and Incidence Among Women of Reproductive Age—New York City, 2016
Conclusions: Geocoded data enabled us to identify communities with low testing but high ZIKV incidence rates, intervene to promote testing and reduce barriers to testing, and measure changes in testing rates. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Development and Validation of Surveillance-Based Algorithms to Estimate Hepatitis C Treatment and Cure in New York City
Conclusions: The algorithms developed by DOHMH are able to accurately identify HCV treatment and cure using only routinely reported surveillance data. Such algorithms can be used to measure treatment and cure jurisdiction-wide and will be vital for monitoring and addressing HCV. NYC DOHMH will apply these algorithms to surveillance data to monitor treatment and cure rates at city-wide and programmatic levels, and use the algorithms to measure progress towards defined treatment and cure targets for the city. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

The Usefulness of Individual-Level HIV Surveillance Data to Initiate Statewide HIV Partner Services: Experiences From Hawaii and New Mexico
Conclusions: Hawaii and New Mexico each achieved a high newly diagnosed HIV positivity and benefited from improved local collaborations. As a result of the success of these projects, both health departments have continued the activities since the end of category C funding by securing alternative funding sources. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Public Health Resilience Checklist for High-Consequence Infectious Diseases—Informed by the Domestic Ebola Response in the United States
Conclusions: Findings provided the basis for an evidence-informed checklist outlining specific actions for public health authorities to take to strengthen public health resilience to future high-consequence infectious disease events. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Get Out the Vote: The Role of Public Health Professionals in Raising Awareness of Coroner Elections
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Infectious Disease Threats and Opportunities for Prevention
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

US State Public Health Departments Special Pathogen Planning
Conclusions: Nearly half of states in the United States lack an HLIU, yet most prefer to have patients with HHCDs treated in high-level isolation. Recent budget cuts and uncertainty of future funding threaten the abilities of health departments to devote the necessary resources and staff to prepare for and deliver the desired care to HHCD cases. The lack of HLIUs in some states may complicate transport to a geographically proximate HLIU. Moreover, limited guidance on diseases that warrant high-level isolation may cause disagreement in HHCD patient placement between health departments, diagnosing facilities, and HLIUs. (S...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Lessons Learned From the Environmental Public Health Tracking Sub-County Data Pilot Project
Conclusion: National standards for generating, analyzing, and sharing sub-county data should be established to build a system of sub-county data that allow for comparison of outcomes, geographies, and time. Increasing the availability and accessibility of small area data will not only enhance the Tracking Network's capabilities but also contribute to an improved understanding of environmental health and informed decision making at a local level. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Dedicated Tobacco Cessation Support Service for Thoracic Cancer Center Patients
Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that 78% of thoracic cancer center patients, if contacted, participated at least once in this cessation support service; for current smokers at referral and first contact, being married and having a lower ECOG performance score were associated with self-reported quitting at follow-up. Other organizations may find our results useful while implementing a systematic way to identify tobacco-using patients as part of routine care and to improve available cessation support services. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

The Public Health Workforce Taxonomy: Revisions and Recommendations for Implementation
Public health workforce size and composition have been difficult to accurately determine because of the wide variety of methods used to define job title terms, occupational categories, and worker characteristics. In 2014, a preliminary consensus-based public health workforce taxonomy was published to standardize the manner in which workforce data are collected and analyzed by outlining uniform categories and terms. We summarize development of the taxonomy's 2017 iteration and provide guidelines for its implementation in public health workforce development efforts. To validate its utility, the 2014 taxonomy was pilot tested...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Practice Brief Report Source Type: research

Fostering Agency Through Local Public Health
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: News From NACCHO Source Type: research

Using State Health Improvement Planning To Guide the Way: The Future of Identifying National Trends in Public Health Priorities and Emerging Public Health Issues
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: State of Public Health Source Type: research

Mystery in the Pines
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Case Study Source Type: research

Building Professionalism Through Management Training: New England Public Health Training Center's Low-Cost, High-Impact Model
Discussion: Management training offers the hope of increasing professionalism; creating better, more effective workplaces and programs; and preparing practitioners for an evolving public health landscape. Early results indicate that NEPHTC's program, Managing Effectively in Today's Public Health Environment, is a useful tool in realizing that hope. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Practice Full Report Source Type: research

Succession Planning in State Health Agencies in the United States: A Brief Report
Conclusions: The majority of OPM-recommended succession planning activities are not being addressed, and limited succession planning occurs across SHAs. Greater activity in the OPM-identified succession planning domains may help SHAs contend with significant turnover and better preserve institutional knowledge. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Brief Report Source Type: research

Assessing the Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities of Public Health Professionals in Big City Governmental Health Departments
Conclusions: Public health practitioners receive training in methods, theories, and evidence-based approaches, yet further investment in the workforce is necessary to advance population health. A focus should be placed developing strategic skills rather than advancing narrow specialties. Findings from this research can guide the creation and implementation of training curricula and professional development programs offered within local health departments or targeted to their staff, as well as satisfaction of accreditation requirements. By focusing on building strategic skills, we can ensure a public health workforce that...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Implementing Statewide Severe Maternal Morbidity Review: The Illinois Experience
Discussion: Facility-level SMM review was feasible and acceptable in statewide implementation. States that are planning SMM reviews across obstetric facilities should permit ample time for translation of recommendations to practice. Although continued maternal mortality reviews are valuable, they are not sufficient to address the increasing rates of SMM and maternal death. In-depth multidisciplinary review offers the potential to identify factors associated with SMM and interventions to prevent women from moving along the continuum of severity. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Practice Full Report Source Type: research

The Impact of Implementing Tobacco Control Policies: The 2017 Tobacco Control Policy Scorecard
The Tobacco Control Scorecard, published in 2004, presented estimates of the effectiveness of different policies on smoking rates. Since its publication, new evidence has emerged. We update the Scorecard to include recent studies of demand-reducing tobacco policies for high-income countries. We include cigarette taxes, smoke-free air laws, media campaigns, comprehensive tobacco control programs, marketing bans, health warnings, and cessation treatment policies. To update the 2004 Scorecard, a narrative review was conducted on reviews and studies published after 2000, with additional focus on 3 policies in which previous ev...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

The Potential for Proactive Housing Inspections to Inform Public Health Interventions
Municipal housing inspection data can inform planning, targeting, and evaluating interventions aimed at reducing housing hazards (lead paint, mold, pests, etc) that may affect residents' health. However, the potential of these data to inform public health initiatives is underexplored. We determined whether home health hazards identified by city inspectors during proactive inspections of single-family private rental housing are predicted by housing age, assessed value, or location in one of 26 geographic “inspector areas” in Rochester, New York. A comparison of linear mixed models, using housing inspector area a...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Brief Report Source Type: research

Cost Analysis of Prevention Research Centers: Instrument Development
The objective of this article is to briefly describe the development of the PRC-CA instrument. Data obtained from the PRC-CA instrument can be used to generate cost summaries to inform decision making within the PRC Program and each individual PRC. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Improving Hypertension Control Population-wide in Minnesota
Conclusions: The experience in Minnesota demonstrates that it is possible to dramatically increase hypertension control at the population level, across health systems, and health plans in a relatively short period of time. Lessons learned may be helpful to informing local, state, and national efforts to improve hypertension control. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

CDC's 6|18 Initiative: A Cross-Sector Approach to Translating Evidence Into Practice
Discussion: The 6|18 Initiative is strengthening partnerships between state health departments and Medicaid agencies and contributing to state progress in helping improve Medicaid coverage and utilization of effective prevention and control interventions. This initiative highlights early successes for others interested in strengthening collaboration between state agencies and between public and private sectors to improve payment, utilization, and quality of evidence-based interventions. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

A Measure of the Potential Impact of Hospital Community Health Activities on Population Health and Equity
Conclusions: Hospitals can be significant contributors to investment in upstream community health programs. This article provides a scale that can be used not only by hospitals but by other health care and public health organizations to better align their community health strategies, investments, and partnerships with programming and policies that address the foundational causes of population health and equity within the communities they serve. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Public Health: The Intersection of Food Security and Well-being
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

What Is the Appropriate Role of Interprofessional Education in Public Health?
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Backstories in Epidemiology
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - July 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Tuberculosis Prevention in the Private Sector: Using Claims-Based Methods to Identify and Evaluate Latent Tuberculosis Infection Treatment With Isoniazid Among the Commercially Insured
Conclusions: Claims data can be used to identify and evaluate LTBI treatment with isoniazid occurring in the commercial sector. Completion rates were in the range of those found in public health settings. These findings suggest that the commercial sector may be a valuable adjunct to more traditional venues for tuberculosis prevention. In addition, these newly developed claims-based methods offer a means to gain important insights and open new avenues to monitor, evaluate, and coordinate tuberculosis prevention. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Assessment of the Sustainability Capacity of a Coordinated Approach to Chronic Disease Prevention
Conclusion: The PSAT results highlight the process through which states approached the sustainability of coordinated chronic disease initiatives. This process included an initial focus on program evaluation and partnerships with transfer of priority to long-term strategic planning, communications, and funding stability to further establish coordinated chronic disease efforts. Qualitative interviews provided further context to PSAT results, indicating that leadership, communications, partnerships, funding stability, and policy change were perceived as keys to success of the transition. Integrating these findings into futu...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Calculating State-Level Estimates of Upcoming Older Adult Health Needs
Conclusions: Compared with older adults, the health profile of middle-aged adults in this state appears to have worsened much more rapidly in the past 15 years, indicating that these adults will have many more health-related needs when they become seniors. While this model is less sophisticated than others using longitudinal data, it provides the state-level data that are often more compelling to state policy makers. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Effects of Reaching National Goals on HIV Incidence, by Race and Ethnicity, in the United States
Conclusions: Achieving national HIV care goals will require different levels of effort by race/ethnicity but likely will result in substantial declines in cumulative HIV incidence. HIV-related disparities in incidence and prevalence may be difficult to resolve. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Book Review
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

Lessons in Infection Control: The Role of Local Health Departments in Prevention, Preparedness, and Response
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: News From NACCHO Source Type: research

Preventing Leader Derailment—A Strategic Imperative for Public Health Agencies
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: The Management Moment Source Type: research

Achieving Public Health Standards and Increasing Accreditation Readiness: Findings From the National Public Health Improvement Initiative
Conclusions: Through NPHII, awardees increased collaborative efforts around accreditation readiness, accelerated timelines for preparing for accreditation, and prioritized the completion of required accreditation activities. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

E-Media Use and Preferences for Physical Activity and Public Health Information: Results of a Web-Based Survey
Conclusions: The present study supports growing evidence that careful surveying of a target audience should be undertaken when considering new communication channels, as preference and use may not support the effort required to create and maintain resource-intensive strategies like social media. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Raising the Yellow Flag: State Variation in Quarantine Laws
Quarantine is an important but often misused tool of public health. An effective quarantine requires a process that inspires trust in government, only punishes noncompliance, and promotes a culture of social responsibility. Accomplishing successful quarantine requires incentives and enabling factors, payments, job security, and a tiered enforcement plan. In this article, we examine the variation in state-level quarantine laws and assess the effectiveness of these laws and regulations. We find that most states allow for an individual to have a hearing (63%) and to have a voice in burial and cremation procedures (71%), yet a...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Content, Accessibility, and Dissemination of Disaster Information via Social Media During the 2016 Louisiana Floods
Conclusions: Government agencies may maximize the use of social media platforms for disaster communications by establishing their social media network in advance of a disaster and by applying established guidelines on disaster social media use. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

High-Performing Local Health Departments Relate Their Experiences at Community Engagement in Emergency Preparedness
Conclusions: For LHDs that wish to enhance their performance at community engagement in PHEP, change will entail adoption of evidence-based interventions (the technical “what”) as well as evidence-based administrative approaches (the managerial “how”). Smaller, rural LHDs should be encouraged that, in the case of PHEP community engagement, they have unique social assets that may help offset advantages that larger, more materially resourced metropolitan health departments may have. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

The Local Health Department Mandate and Capacity for Community Engagement in Emergency Preparedness: A National View Over Time
Conclusions: Local health departments appear to be in a CE-PHEP holding pattern, presumably pushed forward by the doctrinal focus on partner-centered preparedness but held back by capacity issues, in particular, limited staff and partner support. Local health departments operating in low-resource environments are encouraged to formalize their CE-PHEP policy to advance performance in this arena. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Measuring Subcounty Differences in Population Health Using Hospital and Census-Derived Data Sets: The Missouri ZIP Health Rankings Project
Conclusions: This proof-of-concept analysis suggests that readily available hospital and census-derived data can be used to create measures of population health at the subcounty level. These widely available data sources could be used to identify areas of potential need within counties, engage community stakeholders, and target interventions. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Are You Making an Impact? Evaluating the Population Health Impact of Community Benefit Programs
Conclusion: As hospitals are being asked to justify community benefit and make meaningful contributions to population health, impact evaluations can be utilized to demonstrate the cumulative community benefit of programs and assess population health impact of community benefit programs. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

A Content Analysis of Nonprofit Hospital Community Health Needs Assessments and Community Benefit Implementation Strategies in Philadelphia
Conclusions: Nonprofit hospital community health needs assessments in Philadelphia predominantly identify needs related to access to care and to some extent health behaviors. There is incomplete alignment between the needs identified in hospital assessments and the needs targeted in implementation strategies, underscoring a need for regional coordination in community benefit investments. Improved regional coordination between hospitals serving the region may offer the opportunity to eliminate duplicative efforts and increase the amount of funds available to address unmet needs. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Community Priorities for Hospital-Based Prevention Initiatives: Results From a Deliberating Public
Conclusions: Public deliberation offers a method to probe informed constituent views of how a hospital can best promote its community's health. Informed local residents felt that hospitals should frame health-promoting activities more broadly than is current practice. Not-for-profit hospitals gain significant tax advantages. Increased insurance rates suggest that some hospitals will experience savings in uncompensated care that can be used to promote health more broadly. Vetting priorities for the use of new resources with informed community members can be accomplished through public deliberation. These results suggest c...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

A Survey of Prescribers' Attitudes, Knowledge, Comfort, and Fear of Consequences Related to an Opioid Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution Program
Conclusions: Results indicate that barriers to OEND implementation continue to exist, and not all clinicians or practice specialties at VACHS are comfortable with dispensing naloxone. A targeted approach to training health care clinicians may lead to increased acceptance of naloxone dispensing. Additional research is needed to elicit the best method of improved acceptance of naloxone to expand naloxone access. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Promoting Health Department Opioid-Prescribing Guidelines for New York City Emergency Departments: A Qualitative Evaluation
To address the epidemic of opioid misuse and overdose, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene partnered with an expert panel of emergency medicine physicians to develop voluntary guidelines for judicious prescribing of opioids upon discharge from an emergency department. A qualitative evaluation of the guidelines was conducted using semistructured interviews with emergency department directors and providers. The guidelines were widely supported by respondents and cited as helpful in easing difficult negotiations with patients requesting opioids. Involvement of the expert panel in development of guideline...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Practice Report: Practice Brief Report Source Type: research

The North American Opioid Experience and the Role of Community Pharmacy
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Deaths of Despair and Building a National Resilience Strategy
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Never Quit Trying: Reengaging Tobacco Users in Statewide Cessation Services
Conclusions: Conducting proactive outreach through state-funded quitlines is an effective approach to reengaging tobacco users, yielding a 5-fold greater odds of reengagement compared with no outreach. Since most costs were for initial setup, the cost per reengagement would decrease as the outreach population size increases. Such outreach has the potential to foster treatment utilization and quit attempts. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - March 28, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

Elevating Oral Health Interprofessional Practice Among Pediatricians Through a Statewide Quality Improvement Learning Collaborative
Conclusion: We demonstrated the effectiveness of a learning collaborative meeting among pediatric primary care providers to adopt OHIPs. This work reveals an actionable pathway to support oral health equity advancement for children through an additional access point of preventive oral care, reinforcement of positive oral health behaviors, and interaction between parent and child for overall health and wellness of the family. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - March 28, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research