Relationship between tobacco smoking and hematological indices among Sudanese smokers
CONCLUSION: Smoking affects hematological parameters; smokers had significantly higher RBCs count, Hb level, WBCs count, Neutrophils, MCH, MCHC, RDW and PDW compared to the non-smoker group. WP smoking caused higher levels of RBCs, Hb, neutrophils, MCH and MCHC. PDW was high in smokers' sub-groups compared to control group, while MPV was lower despite insignificant change In PLTs count.PMID:38178235 | DOI:10.1186/s41043-023-00493-0 (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - January 4, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Izzut Awad Ahmed Mahmood Abdalmonem Mohammed Hussam Mohammed Hassan Ibrahim Abdelrhim Ali Source Type: research

Investigating time to first birth among women of reproductive age in Bangladesh: a survival analysis of nationwide cross-sectional survey data
CONCLUSION: It is necessary to increase the age of mothers at first birth which may help to reduce the prevalence of child marriage in Bangladesh. The study findings will be helpful to the policymakers in identifying the gap and designing the programmes targeting the early timing of first birth to reduce child mortality as well as poor maternal outcomes which will be beneficial for achieving the Sustainable Development Goal-3 in Bangladesh.PMID:38167135 | PMC:PMC10759529 | DOI:10.1186/s41043-023-00492-1 (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - January 3, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Abdus Sobhan Mohammed Moinuddin Md Moyazzem Hossain Source Type: research

Mother-child dyads of overnutrition and undernutrition in sub-Saharan Africa
CONCLUSION: Combination of child, maternal, and contextual factors could explain mother-child dyads of overnutrition and undernutrition in sub-Saharan Africa. Addressing this situation requires multidimensional policies and interventions that empower women through education and economic engagement. The observed sub-regional differences in policies and commitments related to addressing malnutrition suggest the need for comprehensive and coordinated efforts to implement and strengthen multisectoral comprehensive nutrition plans across sub-Saharan Africa. Sharing best practices and lessons learned can help improve the effecti...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - January 3, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Joshua Okyere Irene Esi Donkoh Abdul-Aziz Seidu Bright Opoku Ahinkorah Richard Gyan Aboagye Sanni Yaya Source Type: research

Inequality in the distribution of resources in the health sector before and after the Health Transformation Plan in Qazvin, Iran
CONCLUSION: Based on the analysis of the Gini and HHI, it is evident that the distribution of GPs has not undergone significant changes following the implementation of the HTP. The Gini coefficient, which ranges from 0.4 to 0.6, indicates a high to complete level of inequality in the distribution of specialists and subspecialists. Moreover, the HHI exceeds 1000, reflecting a concentration of resources in specific areas. As a result, the HTP has not yet achieved its goal of ensuring a fair distribution of human resources. To address this issue, it is recommended to redesign distribution policies, including the allocation of...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - January 3, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Asghar Nasiri Mohammad Amerzadeh Hasan Yusefzadeh Saeideh Moosavi Rohollah Kalhor Source Type: research

Discrimination against HIV/AIDS patients and associated factors among women in East African countries: using the most recent DHS data (2015-2022)
CONCLUSION: This study concluded that women in East Africa still had a very discriminatory attitude toward HIV/AIDS patients. The good news for East Africa is that prevalence has decreased when compared to earlier findings. Improving women's empowerment, maternal health services, and health facilities' accessibility are crucial.PMID:38167573 | PMC:PMC10759423 | DOI:10.1186/s41043-023-00491-2 (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - January 3, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bewuketu Terefe Mahlet Moges Jembere Source Type: research

Investigating time to first birth among women of reproductive age in Bangladesh: a survival analysis of nationwide cross-sectional survey data
CONCLUSION: It is necessary to increase the age of mothers at first birth which may help to reduce the prevalence of child marriage in Bangladesh. The study findings will be helpful to the policymakers in identifying the gap and designing the programmes targeting the early timing of first birth to reduce child mortality as well as poor maternal outcomes which will be beneficial for achieving the Sustainable Development Goal-3 in Bangladesh.PMID:38167135 | DOI:10.1186/s41043-023-00492-1 (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - January 3, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Abdus Sobhan Mohammed Moinuddin Md Moyazzem Hossain Source Type: research

Mother-child dyads of overnutrition and undernutrition in sub-Saharan Africa
CONCLUSION: Combination of child, maternal, and contextual factors could explain mother-child dyads of overnutrition and undernutrition in sub-Saharan Africa. Addressing this situation requires multidimensional policies and interventions that empower women through education and economic engagement. The observed sub-regional differences in policies and commitments related to addressing malnutrition suggest the need for comprehensive and coordinated efforts to implement and strengthen multisectoral comprehensive nutrition plans across sub-Saharan Africa. Sharing best practices and lessons learned can help improve the effecti...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - January 3, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Joshua Okyere Irene Esi Donkoh Abdul-Aziz Seidu Bright Opoku Ahinkorah Richard Gyan Aboagye Sanni Yaya Source Type: research

Inequality in the distribution of resources in the health sector before and after the Health Transformation Plan in Qazvin, Iran
CONCLUSION: Based on the analysis of the Gini and HHI, it is evident that the distribution of GPs has not undergone significant changes following the implementation of the HTP. The Gini coefficient, which ranges from 0.4 to 0.6, indicates a high to complete level of inequality in the distribution of specialists and subspecialists. Moreover, the HHI exceeds 1000, reflecting a concentration of resources in specific areas. As a result, the HTP has not yet achieved its goal of ensuring a fair distribution of human resources. To address this issue, it is recommended to redesign distribution policies, including the allocation of...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - January 3, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Asghar Nasiri Mohammad Amerzadeh Hasan Yusefzadeh Saeideh Moosavi Rohollah Kalhor Source Type: research

Discrimination against HIV/AIDS patients and associated factors among women in East African countries: using the most recent DHS data (2015-2022)
CONCLUSION: This study concluded that women in East Africa still had a very discriminatory attitude toward HIV/AIDS patients. The good news for East Africa is that prevalence has decreased when compared to earlier findings. Improving women's empowerment, maternal health services, and health facilities' accessibility are crucial.PMID:38167573 | DOI:10.1186/s41043-023-00491-2 (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - January 3, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bewuketu Terefe Mahlet Moges Jembere Source Type: research

Gut microbiota shifts favorably with delivery of handwashing with soap and water treatment intervention in a prospective cohort (CHoBI7 trial)
CONCLUSION: The observed exclusion of pathogenic Proteobacteria and enhancement of beneficial Firmicutes in the gut of children delivered with chlorinated water as part of WASH intervention reflect a great promise of the CHoBI7 program in preventing cholera and improving child health.PMID:38129922 | PMC:PMC10740293 | DOI:10.1186/s41043-023-00477-0 (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - December 22, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shirajum Monira Indrajeet Barman Fatema Tuz Jubyda Sk Imran Ali Aminul Islam Kazi Mohammad Zillur Rahman Mahamud-Ur Rashid Fatema-Tuz Johura Marzia Sultana Fatema Zohura Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian Tahmina Parvin David Sack Tahmeed Ahmed K M Saif-Ur-Rahman Maq Source Type: research

Gut microbiota shifts favorably with delivery of handwashing with soap and water treatment intervention in a prospective cohort (CHoBI7 trial)
CONCLUSION: The observed exclusion of pathogenic Proteobacteria and enhancement of beneficial Firmicutes in the gut of children delivered with chlorinated water as part of WASH intervention reflect a great promise of the CHoBI7 program in preventing cholera and improving child health.PMID:38129922 | PMC:PMC10740293 | DOI:10.1186/s41043-023-00477-0 (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - December 22, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shirajum Monira Indrajeet Barman Fatema Tuz Jubyda Sk Imran Ali Aminul Islam Kazi Mohammad Zillur Rahman Mahamud-Ur Rashid Fatema-Tuz Johura Marzia Sultana Fatema Zohura Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian Tahmina Parvin David Sack Tahmeed Ahmed K M Saif-Ur-Rahman Maq Source Type: research

Gut microbiota shifts favorably with delivery of handwashing with soap and water treatment intervention in a prospective cohort (CHoBI7 trial)
CONCLUSION: The observed exclusion of pathogenic Proteobacteria and enhancement of beneficial Firmicutes in the gut of children delivered with chlorinated water as part of WASH intervention reflect a great promise of the CHoBI7 program in preventing cholera and improving child health.PMID:38129922 | PMC:PMC10740293 | DOI:10.1186/s41043-023-00477-0 (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - December 22, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shirajum Monira Indrajeet Barman Fatema Tuz Jubyda Sk Imran Ali Aminul Islam Kazi Mohammad Zillur Rahman Mahamud-Ur Rashid Fatema-Tuz Johura Marzia Sultana Fatema Zohura Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian Tahmina Parvin David Sack Tahmeed Ahmed K M Saif-Ur-Rahman Maq Source Type: research

Gut microbiota shifts favorably with delivery of handwashing with soap and water treatment intervention in a prospective cohort (CHoBI7 trial)
CONCLUSION: The observed exclusion of pathogenic Proteobacteria and enhancement of beneficial Firmicutes in the gut of children delivered with chlorinated water as part of WASH intervention reflect a great promise of the CHoBI7 program in preventing cholera and improving child health.PMID:38129922 | PMC:PMC10740293 | DOI:10.1186/s41043-023-00477-0 (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - December 22, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shirajum Monira Indrajeet Barman Fatema Tuz Jubyda Sk Imran Ali Aminul Islam Kazi Mohammad Zillur Rahman Mahamud-Ur Rashid Fatema-Tuz Johura Marzia Sultana Fatema Zohura Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian Tahmina Parvin David Sack Tahmeed Ahmed K M Saif-Ur-Rahman Maq Source Type: research

Gut microbiota shifts favorably with delivery of handwashing with soap and water treatment intervention in a prospective cohort (CHoBI7 trial)
CONCLUSION: The observed exclusion of pathogenic Proteobacteria and enhancement of beneficial Firmicutes in the gut of children delivered with chlorinated water as part of WASH intervention reflect a great promise of the CHoBI7 program in preventing cholera and improving child health.PMID:38129922 | PMC:PMC10740293 | DOI:10.1186/s41043-023-00477-0 (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - December 22, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shirajum Monira Indrajeet Barman Fatema Tuz Jubyda Sk Imran Ali Aminul Islam Kazi Mohammad Zillur Rahman Mahamud-Ur Rashid Fatema-Tuz Johura Marzia Sultana Fatema Zohura Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian Tahmina Parvin David Sack Tahmeed Ahmed K M Saif-Ur-Rahman Maq Source Type: research

Gut microbiota shifts favorably with delivery of handwashing with soap and water treatment intervention in a prospective cohort (CHoBI7 trial)
CONCLUSION: The observed exclusion of pathogenic Proteobacteria and enhancement of beneficial Firmicutes in the gut of children delivered with chlorinated water as part of WASH intervention reflect a great promise of the CHoBI7 program in preventing cholera and improving child health.PMID:38129922 | PMC:PMC10740293 | DOI:10.1186/s41043-023-00477-0 (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - December 22, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shirajum Monira Indrajeet Barman Fatema Tuz Jubyda Sk Imran Ali Aminul Islam Kazi Mohammad Zillur Rahman Mahamud-Ur Rashid Fatema-Tuz Johura Marzia Sultana Fatema Zohura Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian Tahmina Parvin David Sack Tahmeed Ahmed K M Saif-Ur-Rahman Maq Source Type: research