Implementation research to support Bangladesh Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to implement its national guidelines for management of infections in young infants in two rural districts.
This article provides implementation research design details for program managers intending to implement new guidelines on management of young infant infections. Results of this research will be reported in the forthcoming papers. Preliminary findings indicate that the management of PSBI cases at the UH&FWCs is feasible. However, MoHFW, GOB needs to address the implementation challenges before scale-up of this policy to the national level. PMID: 31810496 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - December 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ahmed S, Applegate JA, Mitra DK, Callaghan-Koru JA, Mousumi M, Khan AM, Joarder T, Harrison M, Ahmed S, Begum N, Quaiyum A, George J, Baqui AH Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Development of the Health Awareness and Behaviour Tool (HABiT): reliability and suitability for a Canadian older adult population.
CONCLUSIONS: The HABiT is a reliable and suitable comprehensive tool with content and face validity that can be used to evaluate health promotion and chronic disease prevention programs in older adults, including low-income older adults. Some noted limitations are discussed. Data collected using this tool also provides a diabetes risk score, health literacy score, and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) for economic analysis. PMID: 31801623 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - December 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Agarwal G, Pirrie M, Angeles R, Marzanek F, Parascandalo J Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Nutrition self-efficacy assessment: designing and psychometric evaluation in a community-dwelling elderly population.
CONCLUSIONS: The NSEQ designed in this study, using the background experiences of the elderly living in the community and a review of related texts, and has acceptable reliability and validity. However, the diet self-efficacy questionnaire cannot yet be used as a gold standard, but it can be recommended for use as a measurement of individual diet self-efficacy in a community-dwelling elderly population. PMID: 31796107 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - December 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shamsalinia A, Ghadimi R, Chafjiri RT, Norouzinejad F, Pourhabib A, Ghaffari F Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Low fruit and vegetable intake is associated with depression among Korean adults in data from the 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to investigate the association between vegetable and fruit consumption and depression in a Korean population. Additional epidemiological studies are needed to find the underlying reasons for that association. PMID: 31796113 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - December 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ju SY, Park YK Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Predictors of mortality among adult people living with HIV/AIDS on antiretroviral therapy at Suhul Hospital, Tigrai, Northern Ethiopia: a retrospective follow-up study.
CONCLUSION: The overall mortality was very high. Baseline alcohol consumption, low body weight, advanced WHO clinical stage, the presence of opportunistic infections, and not receiving isoniazid prophylactic therapy were predictors of mortality. Strengthening behavioral and nutritional counseling with close clinical follow-up shall be given much more emphasis in the ART care and support program. PMID: 31783924 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - November 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Misgina KH, Weldu MG, Gebremariam TH, Weledehaweria NB, Alema HB, Gebregiorgis YS, Tilahun YG Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Risk factors of acute malnutrition among children aged 6-59  months enrolled in a community-based programme in Kurigram, Bangladesh: a mixed-method matched case-control study.
CONCLUSIONS: Community awareness on infant feeding practices and family planning, management of childhood illness and access to hygienic latrine facilities should be prioritised to prevent acute malnutrition in the northern districts. PMID: 31775902 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - November 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hoq M, Ali M, Islam A, Banerjee C Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Unawareness of health insurance expiration status among women of reproductive age in Northern Ghana: implications for achieving universal health coverage.
CONCLUSION: Unawareness of insurance care validity status contributes to low active enrollment in Ghana's NHIS. Educational messages aimed at improving health insurance coverage should include the promotion of annual renewal and also should focus on the information needs of farmers and low socio-economic groups. PMID: 31775904 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - November 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kanmiki EW, Bawah AA, Akazili J, Agorinyah I, Awoonor-Williams JK, Phillips JF, Kassak KM Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Factors associated with child survival in children admitted to outpatient therapeutic program at public health institutions in Afar Regional State, Ethiopia: a prospective cohort study.
This study aimed to assess the treatment outcome of severe acute malnutrition and determinants of survival in children admitted to outpatient therapeutic program at public health institutions, Afar Regional State. METHODS: Institution-based prospective cohort study was conducted on 286 children aged 6-59 months admitted to the outpatient therapeutic program, from April to September 2017, at selected public health institutions in Afar Regional State. For the comparison of time to recovery among the different groups of children on the outpatient therapeutic program, Kaplan-Meir curve was used and significance tes...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - November 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Liben ML, Wuneh AG, Shamie R, G/Her K Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Comparison of serum amylase level between dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor and GLP-1 analog administration in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Abstract We monitored serum amylase level in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prescribed either dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor or GLP-1 analog (GLP-1 group) as monotherapy. Patients were treated for a 36-month period. All subjects were non-smoker and did not take any alcoholic beverages. Forty-nine patients were prescribed DPP4is (DPP4i group), and 9 patients were prescribed GLP-1 analogs (GLP-1 group). The median of serum amylase levels in DPP4is group was 73 U/mL and the median of serum amylase levels in GLP-1 analog group was 76. Thus, there was no statistical significance between the two ...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - November 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Okada J, Yamada E, Niijima Y, Okada S, Yamada M Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Medication adherence and glycemic control among diabetes patients in developing countries.
Abstract The potential interconnectedness of medication adherence, glycemic control, and clinical inertia in resource-constrained settings of the developing world needs further evaluation. PMID: 31718711 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - November 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Basu S Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Consumption of dietary supplements to support weight reduction in adults according to sociodemographic background, body mass index, waist-hip ratio, body fat and physical activity.
sta A Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyse the use of dietary supplements to support weight reduction (DSSWR) in adults according to sociodemographic background, body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), body fat percentage (%BF) and level of physical activity (PA). METHOD: Participants (n = 1130) were recruited from a region of Poland with a high rate of adult overweight and obesity. Based on anthropometric data, BMI and WHR were calculated. %BF was assessed using a bioimpedance method. To examine the association between DSSWR use and sociodemographic factors, BMI, WHR,...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - November 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lubowiecki-Vikuk A, Król-Zielińska M, Kantanista A Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Changes in pain following an interaction period of resistance training and green tea extract consumption in sedentary hypertensive women: impact of blood pressure swings.
CONCLUSION: It seems that training-induced hypotension can alter pain perception in hypertensive women through changes in baroreceptor activation. PMID: 31672172 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - October 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Arazi H, Taati B, Kheirkhah J, Ramezanpour S Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

The fidelity and dose of message delivery on infant and young child feeding practice and nutrition sensitive agriculture in Ethiopia: a qualitative study from the Sustainable Undernutrition Reduction in Ethiopia (SURE) programme.
CONCLUSION: Despite variability observed in the breadth and depth of messages delivered, large-scale behaviour change communication programmes can achieve moderate to good message exposure among target groups. Qualitative data provide an in-depth insight into fidelity and may supplement our understanding of programme roll-out and implementation. Further research is required to understand longer-term message saturation including frequency and reach. PMID: 31639070 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - October 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Salasibew MM, Moss C, Ayana G, Kuche D, Eshetu S, Dangour AD Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Benefits of linking civil registration and vital statistics with identity management systems for measuring and achieving Sustainable Development Goal 3 indicators.
Abstract A complete civil registration and vital statistics system is the best source of data for measuring most of the Sustainable Development Goal 3 indicators. However, civil registration does not include migration data, which are necessary for calculating the actual number of people living in a given area and their characteristics such as age and sex. This information is needed to facilitate planning, for example, for school places, health care, infrastructure, etc. It is also needed as the denominator for the calculation of a range of health and socioeconomic indicators. Obtaining and using these data can be ...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - October 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mills S, Lee JK, Rassekh BM Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

An introduction to the civil registration and vital statistics systems with applications in low- and middle-income countries.
Abstract In collaboration with development partners, the World Bank Group (WBG) has been working to strengthen civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems in low- and middle-income countries through lending operations, technical assistance projects, advisory services and analytics, and knowledge sharing at various international, regional, and national conferences and fora and through publications. In 2017, it launched a comprehensive CRVS eLearning course, which provides practical tools and approaches to achieving twenty-first-century state-of-the-art CRVS systems that are linked to identity management ...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - October 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mills S, Lee JK, Rassekh BM Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

A multisectoral institutional arrangements approach to integrating civil registration, vital statistics, and identity management systems.
Abstract This paper reviews the essential components of a recommended institutional arrangements framework of integrated civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) and civil identification systems. CRVS typically involves several ministries and institutions, including health institutions that notify the occurrence of births and deaths; the judicial system that records the occurrence of marriages, divorces, and adoptions; the national statistics office that produces vital statistics reports; and the civil registry, to name a few. Considering the many stakeholders and close collaborations involved, it is importa...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - October 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mills S, Lee JK, Rassekh BM Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

eLearning course for improving civil registration and vital statistics systems.
Abstract The World Bank Group (WBG), in partnership with the Global Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Group, the Korea Ministry of Economy and Finance, and the WBG Open Learning Campus, launched the first comprehensive CRVS eLearning course in May 2017. The development of this course demonstrates the commitment and collaboration of development partners and governments working closely together in building the capacity of national institutions to improve CRVS systems in low- and middle-income countries. As of December 2018, over 2300 learners from 137 countries have enrolled in the course. This paper di...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - October 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mills S, Jagannathan S, Lee JK, Rassekh BM Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Cloud-based services for electronic civil registration and vital statistics systems.
Abstract This paper examines the hosting options for electronic civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems, particularly the use of data centers versus cloud-based solutions. A data center is a facility that houses computer systems and associated hardware and software components, such as network and storage systems, power supplies, environment controls, and security devices. An alternative to using a data center is cloud-based hosting, which is a virtual data center hosted by a public cloud provider. The cloud is used on a pay-as-you-go basis and does not require purchasing and maintaining of hardware ...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - October 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: McDowall B, Mills S Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Unique health identifiers for universal health coverage.
Abstract Identifying everyone residing in a country, especially the poor, is an indispensable part of pursuing universal health coverage (UHC). Having information on an individuals' financial protection is also imperative for measuring the progress of UHC. This paper examines different ways of instituting a system of unique health identifiers that can lead toward achieving UHC, particularly in relation to utilizing universal civil registration and national unique identification number systems. Civil registration is a fundamental function of the government that establishes a legal identity for individuals and enabl...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - October 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mills S, Lee JK, Rassekh BM, Zorko Kodelja M, Bae G, Kang M, Pannarunothai S, Kijsanayotin B Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

A missed opportunity: birth registration coverage is lagging behind Bacillus Calmette-Gu érin (BCG) immunization coverage and maternal health services utilization in low- and lower middle-income countries.
CONCLUSION: The gap between birth registration and immunization coverage in low- and lower middle-income countries suggests the potential for leveraging immunization programs to increase birth registration rates. Engaging health providers during the antenatal, delivery, and postpartum periods to increase birth registration may be a useful strategy in countries with access to skilled providers. PMID: 31627761 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - October 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rahman MH, Cox AB, Mills SL Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Economic analysis of producing vital statistics using civil registration data in Lao People's Democratic Republic.
Abstract The government of Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) is currently in the preparation stage of a 5-year project that will establish an electronic civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) system. The authors of this paper adapted a framework for economic analysis developed by Jimenez-Soto et al. (Jimenez-Soto et al., PLoS ONE 9(8): e106234, 2014) to assess the cost-effectiveness of producing vital statistics in Lao PDR using data from a complete electronic CRVS system, compared to using data from other sources, such as the 2015 Population and Housing Census and the 2017 Lao Social Indicator S...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - October 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mills S, Amponsah D Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Medical system and nutrition improvement for the rural elderly.
CONCLUSIONS: The NRCMS can improve the rural elderly's nutrition intake in China. As the population ages rapidly in rural China, the present study provides recommendations on how to improve nutrition and health status of the elderly from the aspect of the medical system. PMID: 31627763 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - October 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wang Z, Jiang J, Zeng Q Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of an antibody against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis among the elderly in Khon Kaen, Thailand.
CONCLUSIONS: In total, 97.2%, 83.5%, and 55.8% of the population had a higher antibody level than the minimal protective level for diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis, respectively. In order to prevent an outbreak of these diseases in the future, the elderly should be administered with Tdap revaccination to provide diphtheria herd immunity in the population; this will increase cocoon phenomenon for pertussis and protect the population from tetanus-prone injury. PMID: 31627764 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - October 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Chinchai T, Posuwan N, Vuthitanachot V, Wanlapakorn N, Poovorawan Y Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Obstacles to birth registration in Niger: estimates from a recent household survey.
Abstract Despite progress made towards increasing birth registration rates over the last dozen years, almost one in two children may still not get registered at birth in Niger according to a recent nationally representative household survey. What can be done to improve birth registration rates? This paper relies on a simple approach to measure how solving various obstacles to birth registration faced by parents could help increase birth registration rates. Controlling for other factors affecting birth registrations, the analysis relies on local-level reasons declared by households for not registering their childre...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - October 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wodon Q, Yedan A Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Food taboos, health beliefs, and gender: understanding household food choice and nutrition in rural Tajikistan.
This study explores the social dimensions of food taboos and health beliefs in rural Khatlon province, Tajikistan and their potential impact on household-level nutrition. Our analysis considers the current and historical and political context of Tajikistan, with particular attention directed towards evolving gender roles in the wake of mass out-migration of men from 1990 to the present. Considering the patrilieneal, patrilocal social system typical to Khatlon, focus group discussions were conducted with the primary decision-making groups of the household: in-married women, mothers-in-law, and men. Durin...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - August 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: McNamara K, Wood E Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Correction to: Foodborne intestinal protozoan infection and associated factors among patients with watery diarrhea in Northern Ethiopia; a cross-sectional study.
Abstract In the publication of this article [1], the contributing author name Brhane Berhe contains an error. PMID: 31383011 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - August 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Berhe B, Bugssa G, Bayisa S, Alemu M Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Association between environmental factors and BMI: evidence from recent immigrants from developing countries.
CONCLUSIONS: Immigrants' body mass index increase with the increase in the local obesity rate of the region where they reside. PMID: 31277719 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - July 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Katare B, Chakrovorty S Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Complementary feeding practices, dietary diversity, and nutrient composition of complementary foods of children 6-24  months old in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia.
CONCLUSIONS: The nutrient density and diversity of complementary foods of 6-24-month-old children in the study area were found to be sub-optimal. Upgrading the nutritional composition of the starchy complementary foods should be of highest priority to improve nutrition of the infants and young children. PMID: 31159861 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - June 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Forsido SF, Kiyak N, Belachew T, Hensel O Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Utilization of maternal health services and its determinants: a cross-sectional study among women in rural Uttar Pradesh, India.
CONCLUSIONS: Utilization of maternal health services was low. Contact with the health worker and marginalization emerged as important factors for utilization of services. Although not associated with the utilization, SHGs can be used for delivering health care messages within and beyond the group. PMID: 31133072 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - May 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Singh R, Neogi SB, Hazra A, Irani L, Ruducha J, Ahmad D, Kumar S, Mann N, Mavalankar D Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Use and completion of partograph during labour is associated with a  reduced incidence of birth asphyxia: a retrospective study at a peri-urban setting in Ghana.
CONCLUSION: Midwives used partographs during labour at St Anthony's Hospital. The use and completion of partograph were significantly associated with a reduced incidence of birth asphyxia at the hospital. Birth asphyxia could be reduced if partographs are used and completed by midwives during labour in all cases. PMID: 31097031 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - May 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Anokye R, Acheampong E, Anokye J, Budu-Ainooson A, Amekudzie E, Owusu I, Gyamfi N, Akwasi AG, Mprah WK Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Postoperative nutritional support of the patient with gut gangrene-a case report.
CONCLUSION: Neglects in nutritional care of patients can have severe implications including development of medical complications, resulting in increased length of hospital stay, augmenting the disease stress of the patient and family, and finally the preventable drainage of several human and monetary resources. Therefore, recognition of nutritional intervention as an important part of in-hospital health care may have social as well as economic impacts. PMID: 30967150 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - April 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Imran S, Tanweer A Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

First-time mothers' experiences of pregnancy and birth following assisted reproductive technology treatment in Taiwan.
CONCLUSION: Findings indicate the need for educational and psychosocial interventions to support women and their families physically and psychologically during ART treatment. The stigma related to infertility and the psychosocial support from family are aspects to consider while planning intervention programmes. PMID: 30925940 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - March 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Huang MZ, Sun YC, Gau ML, Puthussery S, Kao CH Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Coping strategies of families of persons with learning disability in Imo state of Nigeria.
CONCLUSION: It was recommended that families of persons with a learning disability need social support and professional help from social workers to facilitate the adoption of more positive-oriented coping strategies by family members. PMID: 30917876 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - March 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Chukwu NE, Okoye UO, Onyeneho NG, Okeibunor JC Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Nutritional risk screening-a cross-sectional study in a tertiary pediatric hospital.
CONCLUSION: STRONGkids was the most accurate screening tool for detecting acute malnutrition and was therefore chosen as the screening method in our hospital. Routine screening for the risk of malnutrition in pediatric inpatients is important in detecting at-risk children who would otherwise be left without dietary intervention. PMID: 30909976 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - March 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tuokkola J, Hilpi J, Kolho KL, Orell H, Merras-Salmio L Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of reliable electricity on health facilities, health information, and child and maternal health services utilization: evidence from rural Gujarat, India.
CONCLUSION: Reliable electricity can be an effective tool in improving core components of health systems. In addition to targeting direct factors within the health systems such as health workforce and health financing, investments in supporting infrastructure are warranted to achieve the health SDGs. PMID: 30782203 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - February 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Chen YJ, Chindarkar N, Xiao Y Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Milk handling practices and consumption behavior among Borana pastoralists in southern Ethiopia.
CONCLUSION: The findings highlight the need to promote hygienic handling practices of milk and closely engage with local communities to improve their understanding of milk safety to facilitate change in practices. Educating pastoralists on good milk production practices should be given priority. One of the ways to do this could be by strengthening the integration of milk hygiene in research and development programs as an entry point for behavioral change towards the safe handling and consumption of milk and milk products. PMID: 30732649 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - February 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Amenu K, Wieland B, Szonyi B, Grace D Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary patterns and associated factors of schooling Ghanaian adolescents.
The objective of the present study was to determine the dietary patterns and associated factors among schooling adolescents in Northern Ghana. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 366 pupils in 10 junior high schools in the Tamale metropolis was conducted. A Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) which consisted of 60 commonly consumed foods was used to assess pupils' 7-day intake. Foods grouped (14) from FFQ data based on shared nutritional value were used to identify dietary patterns using principal component analysis (PCA). Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to determine the as...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - February 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Abizari AR, Ali Z Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Comparison of medication adherence between type 2 diabetes mellitus patients who pay for their medications and those who receive it free: a rural Asian experience.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Treatment plans fail if patients have poor medication adherence. Our aim was to compare medication adherence, reasons for non-adherence, and satisfaction with community support among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients who pay for their medications and those who receive it free. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, among patients who were on oral anti-diabetic drugs for at least 3 months. They were grouped into two: universal-free group and fee-paying group. Three different scales were used to score medication adherence, reasons for n...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - January 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rathish D, Hemachandra R, Premadasa T, Ramanayake S, Rasangika C, Roshiban R, Jayasumana C Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Comparison of biochemical parameters among DPP4 inhibitor users and other oral hypoglycaemic drug users: a cross-sectional study from Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Higher efficacy of incretin-based therapies for type 2 diabetes mellitus has been reported from Asia. Pancreatitis and hepatitis have also been suspected to occur due to dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP4I) treatment. The present study aims at comparing selected biochemical parameters among DPP4 inhibitor users and other oral hypoglycaemic drug users. METHODS: Patients were recruited from the State Pharmaceutical Corporation, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, for a comparative cross-sectional study. Two groups were involved: "DPP4I" user group (n = 63) and "other o...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - January 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rathish D, Jayasumana C, Agampodi S Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Flu vaccination among older persons: study of knowledge and practices.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that health care sector requires well-coordinated promotion campaigns to enhance acceptance of flu vaccination. Organized immunization counseling could provide accurate, evidence-based information in order to transform misbeliefs, prejudice, and negative attitude towards vaccination. PMID: 30606257 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - January 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gazibara T, Kovacevic N, Kisic-Tepavcevic D, Nurkovic S, Kurtagic I, Gazibara T, Pekmezovic T Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Association of antioxidant status and inflammatory markers with metabolic syndrome in Thais.
Abstract BACKGROUND: An oxidant/antioxidant disequilibrium has been suggested as having a role in the pathogenesis of some diseases. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is significantly associated with cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The pathogenesis of MS is complex and not well understood. The purposes of the present study were to compare enzymatic and non-enzyme antioxidants, anthropometric, hematological, and biochemical findings between subjects with MS and without MS and to evaluate the relationship between antioxidant status and hematological parameters with the components of MS. METHODS: Metabolic syn...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - January 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Suriyaprom K, Kaewprasert S, Putpadungwipon P, Namjuntra P, Klongthalay S Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Food elimination, food substitution, and nutrient supplementation among ARV-exposed HIV-positive persons in southern Ghana.
CONCLUSIONS: The practice of supplementation is popular among this group of PLHIV. Food elimination and substitution are practiced, albeit in moderation. The predictors identified may prove helpful in provider-client encounters as well as local HIV programming. PMID: 30509309 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - December 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Laar AK, Lartey MY, Ankomah A, Okyerefo MPK, Ampah EA, Letsa DP, Nortey PA, Kwara A Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Rural-urban difference in blood pressure measurement frequency among elderly with hypertension: a cross-sectional study in Shandong, China.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a big difference in blood pressure measurement between rural and urban elderly. Interventions targeting identified at-risk subgroups, especially for those rural elderly, should be made to reduce such a gap. PMID: 30466482 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - November 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wang Q, Xu L, Sun L, Li J, Qin W, Ding G, Zhang J, Zhu J, Xie S, Yu Z, Zhou C Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Caregivers' knowledge and attitudes about childhood diarrhea among refugee and host communities in Gambella Region, Ethiopia.
This study aims at assessing the caregivers' knowledge and attitudes regarding acute diarrhea in under-five children among refugee and host communities in Gambella Region, Ethiopia. METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study, employing multistage sampling, was carried out from September to December 2016. Data was collected by a questionnaire-based interview, and 1667 caregivers were included in this study. A composite knowledge score was calculated, and a five-point Likert type of attitude scale was developed to assess the attitudes of the caregivers towards childhood diarrhea. Appropriate descriptive statistics and logi...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - November 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mekonnen GK, Mengistie B, Sahilu G, Mulat W, Kloos H Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Death of preceding child and maternal healthcare services utilisation in Nigeria: investigation using lagged logit models.
CONCLUSION: Death of a preceding child does not predict MHC services use in Nigeria especially when maternal socio-economic characteristics are controlled. Variations across the Northern and Southern regions did not attain statistical significance. Interventions are needed to reverse the pattern such that greater MHC utilization is recorded among women who have experienced child death. PMID: 30404661 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - November 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Akinyemi JO, Bolajoko I, Gbadebo BM Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Health facility or home delivery? Factors influencing the choice of delivery place among mothers living in rural communities of Eritrea.
This study aimed to determine factors that influence women's choice of delivery place in selected rural communities in Eritrea. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 309 women aged 15-49 years with a delivery in the last 1-2 years prior to the survey was conducted in a randomly selected villages of Hadish Adi, Serea, Genseba, Kelay Bealtat, Dirko, Mai Leham, Kudo Abour, Adi Koho, and Leayten. Data were collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire. Chi-square tests were used to explore association between variables. Using odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals with p 
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - October 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kifle MM, Kesete HF, Gaim HT, Angosom GS, Araya MB Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary habits and metabolic risk factors for non-communicable diseases in a university undergraduate population.
This study was conducted in the three universities in Lagos State, Nigeria to assess the dietary pattern and metabolic risk factors of NCDs among university undergraduate population. Multistage sampling technique was used to select 506 undergraduates from the universities. Pre-tested questionnaire was used to obtain data on socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns. Body mass index and metabolic risk factors (abdominal obesity, dyslipidemias, high blood pressure and hyperglycemia) were assessed following standard procedures. SPSS (version 20) was used for data entry and analysis. Association between ...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Olatona FA, Onabanjo OO, Ugbaja RN, Nnoaham KE, Adelekan DA Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Concerns regarding complementary feeding practices among urban Chinese mothers: a focus group study in Xi'an.
CONCLUSIONS: Participating mothers from Xi'an prefer homemade food for CF to commercial products. More scientific knowledge of CF and related food safety issues should be available, perhaps via Internet-based approaches. PMID: 30041700 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - July 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Liu X, Liao X, Ren Q, Luo M, Yang L, Lin J, Chang J Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Maternal health care visits as predictors of contraceptive use among childbearing women in a medically underserved state in Nigeria.
CONCLUSION: Health care visits significantly predict the use of modern contraceptive methods. Expanding access to health care services would potentially increase contraceptive use among childbearing women in the medically underserved settings. PMID: 30041704 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - July 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ajayi AI, Adeniyi OV, Akpan W Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research

Age-sex disparities and sub-clinical hypothyroidism among patients in Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
This study was conducted from normal ambulatory patients who have come in the hospital outpatient department since they experienced abnormality on their health status. During the study period, patients were complaining about their clinical symptoms. A total number of 9000 patients were included. Patients' card was retrieved by using standard extracted formats to collect socio-demographic and clinical information and laboratory measurements. Serum TSH, TT4, and TT3 levels were determined by electro-chemiluminescence immunoassay method on ECLIA 2010 fully automatic analyzer at TASH nuclear medicine. SPSS 20 version software ...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - July 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tekle HA, Bobe TM, Tufa EG, Solomon FB Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research