175. Underdeveloped Vulnerable Brain Circuits and their Mental Health Correlates Predict Adolescent Emotional and Stress Responses During the COVID-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic has had profound adverse impacts on mental health in youth, especially in adolescents. Although the magnitude of pandemic-related stressors are only partially understood, the accelerated post-pandemic mental health crisis indicates that their effects are likely extensive and potentially long-lasting. Adolescence is a sensitive developmental period, during which environmental and experiential stressors can have profound negative impacts on the brain and mental health. It is currently unclear whether mental health problems and their neural underpinnings prior to the pandemic increased vulnerability to p...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - January 30, 2024 Category: Child Development Authors: Catherine Stamoulis Source Type: research

176. Adolescent and Young Adult Depression: A Within-Person Analysis of Compounding Risks of Internalizing Symptoms, Parent Depression, and Parenting from Preadolescence Through Young Adulthood
Adolescent and young adult offspring of parents with depression have a three-fold risk for developing depression as compared to offspring of parents without a history of depression. With more than 15 million youth in the U.S. living with or having lived with a parent who has experienced depression, there is a need to investigate potential mediators of this intergenerational transmission of risk. Considerable research has focused on parenting as an important, modifiable mechanism in the transmission of depression from parents to children. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - January 30, 2024 Category: Child Development Authors: Emma Chad-Friedman, Thomas M. Olino, Daniel N. Klein, Lea R. Dougherty Source Type: research

177. Supporting Youth Who Have Lost a Parent: Longitudinal Associations Between Aspects of the Parent-Child Relationship, Expressive Suppression, and Mental Health Outcomes
Learning how to support parentally bereaved youth is more relevant than ever following the unprecedented loss of life from COVID-19 (CDC, 2023; Kidman et al., 2021). Interestingly, there is considerable variation in youth ’s outcomes, with trajectories of increased risk for mental health problems and prolonged grief (e.g., Melhem et al., 2008; Pham et al., 2018) as well as resilience (e.g., Lin et al., 2004, Dowdney, 2000). Understanding what differentiates these contrasting trajectories can facilitate youth agency and promote resilience. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - January 30, 2024 Category: Child Development Authors: Rana N. Uhlman, Sharlene A. Wolchik, Samantha F. Anderson, Irwin N. Sandler Source Type: research

178. Understanding Traumatic Stress and Coping Behaviors Among Black Youth Who Have Been Exposed to Community Violence
Community violence disproportionally impacts Black youth threatening their health and well-being. While we know social support and meaning-making are strategies used to cope with traumatic stress, much less is known about how these strategies are employed by Black youth following exposure to community violence. To address this gap, we engaged Black youth exposed to community violence in a mixed methods study to understand the presence and expression of traumatic stress symptoms and the various types of coping strategies following the violent event. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - January 30, 2024 Category: Child Development Authors: Tyia Wilson, Teja Pulavarthi, Nyasha Mafarachisi, Alison J. Culyba, Jaime Booth Source Type: research

179. Depression and Anxiety in Young Women Diagnosed With Pcos During Adolescence
International guidelines for adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) recommend that all adolescents with PCOS be screened for anxiety and depression. Adolescents with PCOS have lower quality of life scores as compared to healthy peers, and elevated rates of anxiety and depression. In adults with PCOS, those with higher BMIs were more likely to have anxiety and depression compared to adults without PCOS. The aim of our study was to calculate rates of lifetime anxiety and depression diagnoses in young adults diagnosed with PCOS during adolescence, and to evaluate potential contributing factors. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - January 30, 2024 Category: Child Development Authors: Shannon L. Fitzgerald, Amy L. Shafrir, Emma Draisin, Amanda Moraes, Pamela Murray, Sarah Pitts, Amy D. DiVasta Source Type: research

180. Internet Addiction and Psychological Wellbeing of Secondary School Adolescents in ENUGU Metropolis - A Cross-Sectional Study
Internet provides immense educational and communication benefits among secondary school adolescents. It also enhances their social interaction (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - January 30, 2024 Category: Child Development Authors: Vivian Ozoemena Onukwuli, Nympha Onyinye Enebe, Anthony Tochukwu Umerah, Joseph Tochukwu Enebe Source Type: research

181. Mother-Daughter Dyads ’ Perceptions of Long-Acting Reversible Contraception
Long-Acting Reversable Contraception (LARC) is a reliable method of contraception. In Texas, and an increasing number of other states, parents must provide permission for their daughters to start contraception. Thus, we sought to understand attitudes towards LARC among mother-daughter dyads. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - January 30, 2024 Category: Child Development Authors: Caroline L. Katzman, Jessica C. Sims, Julen N. Harris, Susan L. Rosenthal, Jenny K.R. Francis Tags: Research Poster Presentation II: Parent-Teen Relationships Source Type: research

182. Collecting Evaluation Data Remotely for Middle School Aged Children: Lessons Learned
Unique challenges exist collecting evaluation data at multiple timepoints remotely from 10-15-year-old youth. Challenges include youth ’s limited access to personal email addresses or electronic devices (e.g., cell phones), and retaining youth participants for follow-up surveys. The purpose of this abstract is to describe barriers identified during an adolescent pregnancy prevention pilot study and present pragmatic strategies to improve remote, multi-point data collection and retention. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - January 30, 2024 Category: Child Development Authors: Sydney K. Hineline, Andrea Meisman, Kelly Wilson, Whitney Garney, Caitlin Holden, Brittany L. Rosen Tags: Research Poster Presentation II: Positive Youth Development Source Type: research

183. Advancing the Health of Juvenile Justice Involved Youth: The Efficacy of a Peer Health Education Curriculum at a Juvenile Detention Facility
In collaboration with juvenile probation staff and community-based partners, a novel, youth-led and evidence-based Peer Health Curriculum (PHC) was created and implemented in a juvenile detention facility. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - January 30, 2024 Category: Child Development Authors: Zara Quader Iqbal, Momoko Ueda, Megha D. Tandel, Shelley Aggarwal Source Type: research

184. Demonstrating Feasibility of a Transition Design Approach to Explore Adolescent Transition to Adulthood
Transition to adulthood is a multidimensional process that occurs across health, education, employment, financial, and community domains. Successful transition across these areas is crucial to the healthy development of adolescents and young adults. Multidisciplinary experts invested in transition have historically created strategies to measure and improve transition that are specific to their field and narrow in focus. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of Transition Design as a community-engaged research approach to assess and improve the transition to adulthood across multiple domains. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - January 30, 2024 Category: Child Development Authors: Juliet T. Jarrell, Olivia M. Stransky, Jacquelin Rankine, Andrew McCormick, Marlo Perry, Ming-Te Wang, Tomar Pierson-Brown, Traci M. Kazmerski Source Type: research

185. Prevalence of Postpartum Depression in Adolescents in an Urban Teen Clinic
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a major public health issue, affecting an estimated 26% of adult women during the year after childbirth. While the prevalence in adolescents is thought to be higher, there are only sparse prevalence data in this young patient group (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - January 30, 2024 Category: Child Development Authors: Melanie Watt Ramos, Sofia Gonzalez de Corcuera, Yiming Mirabile, Salma M.A. Musaad, Meghna Raphael, Catherine Gordon Tags: Research Poster Presentation II: Pregnant and Parenting Teens Source Type: research

186. Pregnant, Overwhelmed, and in Denial: A Developmentally-Informed Framework of Adolescent Decision-Making Around Pregnancy
This study sought to formulate a developmentally-informed theoretical framework of the process through which AYAs progress when making decisions around pregnancy. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - January 30, 2024 Category: Child Development Authors: Lauren A. Bell, Elizabeth I. Harrison, Traci M. Kazmerski, Margaret R. Russell, Tahniat Syed, Nicholas Szoko, Crystal P. Tyler, Laura Kirkpatrick Source Type: research

187. Daily Incontinence Context, Incontinence Negativity and Daily Mood Among Adolescents and Young Adults With Spina Bifida: Data from an Ecological Momentary Assessment Study
Research suggests that adolescents and adolescents and young adults with spina bifida (AYASB) find chronic SB-associated health conditions like urinary (UI) or fecal (FI) incontinence to generally bothersome. However, no studies evaluate specifically how different features of incontinence - such as frequency, volume or activity interference – may impact AYASB daily well-being. Because UI and FI are lifelong conditions, these data could support well-being focused interventions across the lifespan. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - January 30, 2024 Category: Child Development Authors: Devon JJ. Hensel, Konrad Szymanski, Rosalia Misseri Tags: Research Poster Presentation II: Quality of Life Source Type: research

188. National Practices and Attitudes Surrounding Intrauterine Devices and Contraceptive Implant Procedures For Adolescents in the Inpatient Setting
We aim to describe national practices about placing intrauterine devices (IUDs) and contraceptive implants (implants) for adolescents in the inpatient setting and characterize the attitudes of clinicians about barriers and facilitators of offering these procedures. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - January 30, 2024 Category: Child Development Authors: Shelby N. Edmondson, Surabhi Madadi, Megan Gribbons, Nirupama DeSilva, Katelyn Jetelina, Susan L. Rosenthal, Jenny K.R. Francis Tags: Research Poster Presentation II: Sexual Reproductive Health/Contraception Source Type: research

189. Young People ’s Knowledge and Understanding of Abortion Laws in a Non-Restrictive State Following the Dobbs Decision
Increased discourse about abortion following the Supreme Court vs. Dobbs decision in June 2022, complicated by different state laws and regulations, could complicate adolescent and young adult (AYA) understanding of abortion legality, leading to confusion for young people who may be misinformed about abortion laws and restrictions even if living in a permissive state. This creates health inequities for people who experience barriers to reproductive healthcare access. Our objective was to assess what adolescents and young adults understand about the legality of abortion in the state of Colorado (a state in which abortion is...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - January 30, 2024 Category: Child Development Authors: Courtney L. Franceschi, Molly Richards, Jeanelle Sheeder Source Type: research