Does Being Old for Grade in High School Predicts Sexual Risk Behaviors, Beyond Grade-Level Effects?
The prevalence of adolescent risk behaviors varies by age and grade level in school, both of which are proxies for physical and social development. Adjusting for both age and grade would be ideal but is ill advised because of collinearity. We developed a variable to assess “relative age” (i.e., old for grade vs. age normative) and estimated grade and old-for-grade status in association with sexual risk behaviors. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 29, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Ming Ma, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sad é Orejobi, Renee M. Johnson Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

Implementing Routine HIV Screening in an Urban Adolescent Population at a General Pediatric Clinic
To increase the rate of routine HIV screening during preventative visits for adolescent patients aged 15 to 21 in a pediatric and adolescent clinic in accordance with national recommendations, which are poorly implemented nationwide. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 28, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Jaron Smith, Paul Broker, Melony Chakrabarty, Jason Santiago, Jennifer Farabaugh, Janice Piatt, Kristen Samaddar Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Mediating Effect of School Climate on Adolescent Mental Health: Findings From a Randomized Controlled Trial of a School-Wide Intervention
Adolescence encompasses a critical developmental phase, which fosters or hinders psychological, physical, and social health. Whole-school interventions take a universal approach in targeting the entire school environment ( “school climate”) to improve adolescent outcomes; however, little is known about the mediating role of school climate on these effects. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 28, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Daisy R. Singla, Sachin Shinde, George Patton, Vikram Patel Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Pediatric Cannabinoid Hyperemesis: A Single Institution 10-Year Case Series
We report a case series of adolescent patients with CH who presented at a single institution over 10  years. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 27, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Hannah Lonsdale, Kathryn M. Kimsey, Jerry M. Brown, Aditi Dey, Jacquelin Peck, Sorany Son, Michael Wilsey Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Protective Roles of Exercise and Maintenance of Daily Living Routines for Chinese Adolescents During the COVID-19 Quarantine Period
This study examined adolescents ’ postquarantine depressive symptoms associated with pandemic stressors. The primary aim was to identify potential protective factors that may buffer the association between the presence of COVID-19 cases in adolescents’ communities and their postquarantine depressive symptoms. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 27, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Huiguang Ren, Xing He, Xiaohua Bian, Xinhua Shang, Junsheng Liu Tags: Original article Source Type: research

“No One Stays Just on Blockers Forever”: Clinicians’ Divergent Views and Practices Regarding Puberty Suppression for Nonbinary Young People
This study aimed to explore the views and practices of Australian clinicians working with transgender or gender diverse young people regarding puberty suppression for nonbinary youth, including requests for ongoing puberty suppression into adulthood. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 27, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Lauren Notini, Ken C. Pang, Michelle Telfer, Rosalind McDougall Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Impact of Chest Binding in Transgender and Gender Diverse Youth and Young Adults
There is a sparsity of information on chest binding practices among transmasculine and gender diverse people regardless of age and even less information pertaining to adolescents and young adults (AYA). The purpose of this study was to understand binding trends in AYA and to recognize how chest binding impacts chest dysphoria and life satisfaction. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 27, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Jamie M. Julian, Bianca Salvetti, Jordan I. Held, Paula M. Murray, Lucas Lara-Rojas, Johanna Olson-Kennedy Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Development and Psychometric Analysis of the Transgender Family Acceptance To Empowerment (TransFATE) Scale
Parent and caregiver support can reduce health disparities experienced by gender diverse youth (GDY). Parent and caregiver empowerment improves health outcomes for children with medical and mental health diagnoses, but no existing scale measures this construct in families of GDY. We aimed to develop a scale measuring empowerment in parents and caregivers of GDY. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 22, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Kacie M. Kidd, Amber Hill, Gina M. Sequeira, Calvin McMillan, Galen Switzer, Dana Rofey, Elizabeth Miller, Gerald T. Montano Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Health and Well-Being of Adolescents in China: The Past, Present, and Future
With this issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health, we bring you a landmark supplement highlighting the progress that has been made to improve the health and well-being of adolescents in China, where there are some unique opportunities to focus on young people in novel ways [1]. Six original articles in this supplement review the historical mortality of young people in China [2]; highlight the current status of adolescent health, including those young people who are most marginalized [3 –5]; and point to the future, as systems are being developed now that will monitor health status and improve healthcare delivery sy...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Charles E. Irwin Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

The Impact of Physical Distancing Policies During the COVID-19 Pandemic on Health and Well-Being Among Australian Adolescents
This study investigated changes in physical activity, dietary behaviors, and well-being during the early period of this policy. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Sithum Munasinghe, Sandro Sperandei, Louise Freebairn, Elizabeth Conroy, Hir Jani, Sandra Marjanovic, Andrew Page Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Increases in Loneliness Among Young Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Association With Increases in Mental Health Problems
Young adults are at high risk for increases in loneliness and mental health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic. The present study examined increases in loneliness in a young adult sample, for whom increases were greater, and association with increases in depression and anxiety. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Christine M. Lee, Jennifer M. Cadigan, Isaac C. Rhew Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

Can Asking Adolescents About Being Drunk and Their Subjective Experience of Intoxication Help in Screening for Risky Drinking?
Alcohol-related mortality appears to be increasing. In the U.S., between 1999 and 2017, the annual number of alcohol-related deaths among individuals aged ≥16 years doubled, from 36,000 to 73,000, representing 2.6% of the 2.8 million deaths in the U.S. in 2017. Moreover, the rate of alcohol-related deaths per 100,000 persons increased by 51% among all age groups except 16–20 years and ≥75 years [1]. Among young adults aged 25–34 years, the r ate is accelerating, with annual percentage increases between 2013 and 2016, ranging from 5% to 7% for men and from 7% to 12% for women [2]. (Source: Journa...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Robert J. Wellman, Matthis Morgenstern Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Moving Away From Deficits: Promoting Prosocial and Positive Late Childhood and Early Adolescent Competencies to Reduce Adolescent Health Risk Behaviors
Understanding the connection between childhood and early adolescent experiences and later adult outcomes is the cornerstone to prevention and intervention science [1,2]. We know that what happens in childhood and adolescence has an important effect on the kinds of adults that people will become. This is incredibly important as the cumulative effects of negative outcomes as the result of early experiences are still being explored. Early substance use in adolescence, for example, can have long-term educational [3], economic [4,5], criminal [6], and health [5] outcomes. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Nadine M. Connell Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Greater Representation of African-American/Black Scientists in the National Institutes of Health Review Process Will Improve Adolescent Health
Adolescents (aged 10 –19 years) constituted 12.9% of the U.S. population in 2016 and are expected to constitute 11.3% by 2050, when almost 60% of them will be nonwhite [1]. There are stark disparities in health outcomes, and their social determinants, between non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black adolescents. In 2017, the death rate among non-Hispanic blacks aged 15–19 years was 66% higher than among non-Hispanic whites, whereas their life expectancy at age 15 years was 3 years less [2]. In 2014, 60% of blacks aged 12–17 years lived in low-income families compared with 27% of whites [3]. (Source:...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Mignonne C. Guy, Rima A. Afifi, Thomas Eissenberg, Pebbles Fagan Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Violence Prevention and Gender Transformative Programming
Our young men are dying due to violence. As a group, young men are the victims and perpetrators of violence. Violence can take many forms: gun violence, child abuse and neglect, teen dating violence, adult intimate partner violence, sexual violence, and suicide [1]. In whatever form, when our young men are involved, an unhealthy aspect of masculinity is usually a foundational component of or response to violence. Intimate partner violence and sexual violence, in particular, are rooted in harmful gender norms [2 –4]. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: David L. Bell Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Nonverbal Response Cards Reduce Socially Desirable Reporting of Violence Among Adolescents in Rural Burkina Faso: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Accurate measures of violence are difficult to obtain from self-reported data because of stigmatization and social undesirability of the topic. Most methods that attempt to reduce such biases require literacy and either remove the benefits of interviewer guidance or do not give individual-level results. We tested a low-tech nonverbal response card that avoids revealing interviewees' responses to interviewers while retaining interviewer support among adolescents in communities with very low educational attainment. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Guy Harling, Mamadou Bountogo, Ali Si é, Till Bärnighausen, David P. Lindstrom Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Profiles and Predictors of Dating Violence Among Sexual and Gender Minority Adolescents
The objectives of the present study were to (1) identify latent profiles of dating violence; (2) examine if sexual and gender minority adolescents were particularly vulnerable to certain profiles of dating violence; and (3) explore how experiences of peer victimization, discrimination, and parental maltreatment explained this greater vulnerability. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 17, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Alexa Martin-Storey, Amanda M. Pollitt, Laura Baams Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Gender Expression, Peer Victimization, and Disordered Weight-Control Behaviors Among U.S. High School Students
The purpose of this study is to examine the association between gender expression, peer victimization, and disordered weight-control behaviors (DWCBs) in four population-based samples of U.S. high school students. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 15, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Allegra R. Gordon, S. Bryn Austin, Jordan Schultz, Carly E. Guss, Jerel P. Calzo, Monica L. Wang Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Adolescent Driver Testing During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Passing a driving test is no longer required for adolescents to obtain a driver's license in a number of U.S. states, including Georgia, Wisconsin, and Texas, owing to the COVID-19pandemic [1]. Adolescents in these states who have held a learner permit and completed the hours of supervised practice driving required by Graduated Driver Licensing laws are eligible to obtain a license to drive independently with the consent of their parent or guardian. Licensing agencies appear to have taken this extraordinary step to minimize the risks of COVID-19 transmission. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 15, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Johnathon P. Ehsani Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

A Cross-Sectional Study Examining the Seroprevalence of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Antibodies in a University Student Population
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibodies in a university student population. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 15, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Kimberly Tilley, Vladimir Ayvazyan, Lauren Martinez, Neha Nanda, Eric S. Kawaguchi, Maurice O ’Gorman, David Conti, W. James Gauderman, Sarah Van Orman Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Remote Learning During COVID-19: Examining School Practices, Service Continuation, and Difficulties for Adolescents With and Without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
This study examined remote learning practices and difficulties during initial stay-at-home orders during the COVID-19 pandemic in adolescents with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 14, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Stephen P. Becker, Rosanna Breaux, Caroline N. Cusick, Melissa R. Dvorsky, Nicholas P. Marsh, Emma Sciberras, Joshua M. Langberg Source Type: research

24-Hour Movement Behaviors and Internalizing and Externalizing Behaviors Among Youth
The Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth ( ≥60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per day, ≤2 hours of recreational screen time per day, and 9–11 hours of sleep per night for 5–13 years old) are associated with better physical health, but less is known about how these behaviors are related to mental health. This st udy examined the association of meeting these guideline recommendations with internalizing and externalizing behaviors among youth. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 14, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga, Ian Colman, Gary S. Goldfield, Ian Janssen, JianLi Wang, Mark S. Tremblay, Joel D. Barnes, Jeremy J. Walsh, Jean-Philippe Chaput Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Who Are We Missing? The Impact of Requiring Parental or Guardian Consent on Research With Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, Two-Spirit, Queer/Questioning Youth
The purpose was to examine whether a requirement for parental or guardian consent systematically limits which lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, two-spirit, queer/questioning (LGBT2Q+) youth participate in research. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 13, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Eli Cwinn, Courtney Cadieux, Claire V. Crooks Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

Mortality After Adolescent Firearm Injury: Effect of Trauma Center Designation
To determine the incidence and outcomes of firearm injuries in adolescents and the effect of trauma center (TC) designation on their mortality. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 13, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Robert A. Swendiman, Valerie L. Luks, Justin S. Hatchimonji, Megha G. Nayyar, Matthew A. Goldshore, Gary W. Nace, Michael L. Nance, Myron Allukian Tags: Original article Source Type: research

“This Could Mean Death for My Child”: Parent Perspectives on Laws Banning Gender-Affirming Care for Transgender Adolescents
Numerous U.S. state legislatures have proposed bills to ban gender-affirming medical interventions for minors. Parents and caregivers play a critical role in advocating for and supporting their transgender and gender-diverse youth (TGDY). We aimed to understand parent and caregiver perspectives about this potential legislation and perceived effects on their TGDY ’s mental health. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 13, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Kacie M. Kidd, Gina M. Sequeira, Taylor Paglisotti, Sabra L. Katz-Wise, Traci M. Kazmerski, Amy Hillier, Elizabeth Miller, Nadia Dowshen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Role of Social Support in Machismo and Acceptance of Violence Among Adolescents in Europe. Lights4Violence Baseline Results
To analyze the potential association between social support, experiences of violence, and sociodemographic characteristics of adolescents and the likelihood of acceptance of violence and machismo in different European countries. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 13, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Vanesa P érez-Martínez, Belén Sanz-Barbero, Rosario Ferrer-Cascales, Nicola Bowes, Alba Ayala, Miriam Sánchez-SanSegundo, Natalia Albaladejo-Blázquez, Nicoletta Rosati, Sofia Neves, Cristina Pereira Vieira, Barbara Jankowiak, Katarzyna Waszyńska, Ca Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Chinese Adolescent Research Under COVID-19
COVID-19 has created unprecedented consequences for adolescents and young adults in the contemporary world. Schools are suspended, cities are locked down, loved ones (such as grandpa and grandma) pass away, and there is not much certainty surrounding the pandemic, particularly regarding when it will be over. Obviously, there is a need to understand the health of adolescents and young adults under the shadow of COVID-19 as well as the factors affecting their well-being. Definitely, the articles based on Chinese adolescents enrich our understanding of the impact of COVID-19 on the health of young people [1 –3]. (Source...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 13, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Daniel T.L. Shek Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

HIV Care Cascade Among Adolescents in a “Test and Treat” Community-Based Intervention: HPTN 071 (PopART) for Youth Study
We report on the HIV care cascade for adolescents aged 10 –19 years from 14 communities receiving the full HIV prevention package in Zambia and South Africa. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 12, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Kwame Shanaube, David Macleod, Mwate Joseph Chaila, Constance Mackworth-Young, Graeme Hoddinott, Ab Schaap, Sian Floyd, Peter Bock, Richard Hayes, Sarah Fidler, Helen Ayles Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Three Decades of Research: The Case for Comprehensive Sex Education
School-based sex education plays a vital role in the sexual health and well-being of young people. Little is known, however, about the effectiveness of efforts beyond pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease prevention. The authors conducted a systematic literature review of three decades of research on school-based programs to find evidence for the effectiveness of comprehensive sex education. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 12, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Eva S. Goldfarb, Lisa D. Lieberman Tags: Review article Source Type: research

When Adolescents are in School During COVID-19, Coordination Between School-Based Health Centers and Education is Key
All aspects of life in the United States have been significantly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Schools were closed to promote social distancing and flatten the curve of the pandemic [1]. Healthcare facilities are fighting to preserve lives and to stay afloat; many have reduced capacity. Typically, we do not consider the complementary roles these two sectors play in adolescent ’s lives. As schools grapple with providing education during the COVID-19 pandemic, a public health crisis, adolescent health and wellbeing must also be considered. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 12, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Sara Anderson, Simon Haeder, Kelli Caseman, Ambika Mathur, Kara Ulmen Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Comparison of Gender Minority Stress and Resilience Among Transmasculine, Transfeminine, and Nonbinary Adolescents and Young Adults
This study examined whether transmasculine, transfeminine, and nonbinary adolescents and young adults (AYA) experience different levels of gender minority stress and resilience. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 9, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Jonathan L. Poquiz, Claire A. Coyne, Robert Garofalo, Diane Chen Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

Adverse Childhood Experiences and Suicidal Behaviors Among Youth: The Buffering Influence of Family Communication and School Connectedness
The main objectives of this study were to determine (1) whether family communication and school connectedness offer protection against suicidal behaviors in the presence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs; direct protective effect) and (2) whether family communication or school connectedness buffer the association between ACEs and suicidal behaviors (interacting protective effect) on the multiplicative and additive scales. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 8, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Taylor Lensch, Kristen Clements-Nolle, Roy F. Oman, William P. Evans, Minggen Lu, Wei Yang Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Reasons for and Logistical Burdens of Judicial Bypass for Abortion in Illinois
Minors seeking abortion in states with parental involvement requirements can obtain judicial bypass (JB) as an alternative. Research on minors ’ reasons for choosing bypass and the logistical obstacles associated with bypass is limited, yet needed to assess potential burdens introduced by mandated parental involvement. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 8, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Lauren J. Ralph, Lorie Chaiten, Emily Werth, Sara Daniel, Claire D. Brindis, M. Antonia Biggs Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Psychological Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Teenagers in China
The 2019 COVID-19 pandemic poses a challenge to adolescent psychological health. The aim of this study was to survey junior high and high school students in China to better understand the psychological consequences, such as anxiety, depression, and stress, of the COVID-19 pandemic. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 8, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Caiyun Zhang, Maolin Ye, Yunwei Fu, Minyi Yang, Fen Luo, Jinhua Yuan, Qian Tao Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Tobacco Taxation and Its Prospective Impact on Disparities in Smoking Initiation and Progression Among Young Adults
Limited research exists on tobacco taxes and cigarette smoking initiation and progression, particularly across different sociodemographic groups in young adulthood. This project examines how cigarette pack price in late adolescence prospectively relates to smoking initiation and progression by 21 years of age, focusing on differences across demographics. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 8, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Michael J. Parks, Megan E. Patrick, David T. Levy, James F. Thrasher, Michael R. Elliott, Nancy L. Fleischer Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Endometrial Cast Expulsion: A Rare Cause of Pelvic Pain Case Report and Review of the Literature
We describe a case of an adolescent female recently initiated on combined hormonal contraceptive pills with passage of an endometrial cast, a rare complication of hormonal contraceptive therapy. Similarities between this case and limited existing literature shed light on the potential pathophysiology and management of this rare, adverse event. As demonstrated by our case, membranous dysmenorrhea, the term for pain associated with shedding an endometrial cast, should be part of the differential diagnosis of an adolescent female with lower abdominal pain who has recently initiated hormonal contraceptive therapy. (Source: Jou...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 8, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Presley Parkes, Jennifer L. Trainor, Mehul Raval, Cherie Priya Dhar Tags: Clinical observations Source Type: research

Diagnosis and Acute Management of Adolescent Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome: A Systematic Review
This study aimed to synthesize qualitative and quantitative data on the diagnosis and effective management of cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) in the adolescent population. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 6, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Jie Wei Zhu, Clarelle L. Gonsalves, Robert M. Issenman, April J. Kam Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Cortisol Concentration as Predictor of Tobacco Initiation in Adolescents: Results From a Population-Based Swedish Cohort
This study aimed to clarify if salivary cortisol, as an indicator of stress, may be prospectively associated with the onset and phenotype of tobacco use in adolescents. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 6, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Elena Raffetti, Anton Jonatan Landgren, Filip Andersson, Francesco Donato, Catharina Lavebratt, Yvonne Forsell, Maria Rosaria Galanti Tags: Original article Source Type: research

“Physical Sex Is Over for Now”: Impact of COVID-19 on the Well-Being and Sexual Health of Adolescent Sexual Minority Males in the U.S.
This study aimed to explore how the COVID-19 pandemic and physical distancing measures have impacted the well-being and sexual health among adolescent sexual minority males (ASMM) during the initial phase of physical distancing mandates in the U.S. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 6, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Kimberly M. Nelson, Allegra R. Gordon, Steven A. John, Claire D. Stout, Katharyn Macapagal Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Convenience Store Access and E-cigarette Advertising Exposure Is Associated With Future E-cigarette Initiation Among Tobacco-Na ïve Youth in the PATH Study (2013–2016)
This study examines whether convenience store access, exposure to retail e-cigarette marketing, and having a favorite e-cigarette ad before e-cigarette use is associated with susceptibility to use and future e-cigarette initiation in a national longitudinal study of youth. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 6, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Heather D'Angelo, Minal Patel, Shyanika W. Rose Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Sexual Partner Accumulation From Adolescence to Early Adulthood in Populations With Physical Disabilities in the U.S.
This study aimed to examine the lifetime and pre-18 sexual partnering patterns of populations with physical disabilities from adolescence to early adulthood and how these patterns further vary by biological sex, race/ethnicity, and sexual orientation. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 5, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Nicole Fran Kahn, Chirayath M. Suchindran, Carolyn Tucker Halpern Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Prevalence of Trading Sex Among High School Students in Minnesota: Demographics, Relevant Adverse Experiences, and Health-Related Statuses
This study provides empirically-based prevalence estimates to guide policy and practice. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 4, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Lauren Martin, G. Nic Rider, Katie Johnston-Goodstar, Beatriz Menanteau, Caroline Palmer, Barbara J. McMorris Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

Parent Views on School-Based Depression Screening: Findings From a National Survey
This study explored parent views on school involvement in screening and identification of adolescent depression. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 4, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Deepa L. Sekhar, Acham Gebremariam, James G. Waxmonsky, Leslie R. Walker-Harding, Heather Stuckey, Erich Batra, Perri Rosen, Jennifer L. Kraschnewski, Sarah J. Clark Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

An International Perspective on Racism: Foster Self-Determination Among Youth and Oppose Systemic Racism Globally
“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights…”(Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948) (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 3, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Nuray Kanbur, Debra K. Katzman, Nicola J. Gray, Maria Veronica Svetaz, Ver ónica Gaete, Giuseppina Di Meglio, Deborah Christie Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Safety Protocols for Adolescent Substance Use Research in Clinical Settings
This report details a safety protocol and reports the experience of two contemporaneous studies that used it with variant safety thresholds. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - September 25, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Sharon Levy, Nicole Tennermann, Alexandra C. Marin, Aria Wiseblatt, Lydia A. Shrier, Katharine Garvey, Fatma Dedeoglu, Laurie N. Fishman, Elissa R. Weitzman Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Impact of a Family-Based Economic Intervention on the Mental Health of HIV-Infected Adolescents in Uganda: Results From Suubi  + Adherence
This study examines the extent to which three mental health measures (hopelessness, depression, and poor self-concept) are improved through a family-based economic intervention implemented among adolescents living with HIV in Uganda. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - September 23, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Patricia Cavazos-Rehg, William Byansi, Christine Xu, Proscovia Nabunya, Ozge Sensoy Bahar, Jacob Borodovsky, Erin Kasson, Nnenna Anako, Claude Mellins, Christopher Damulira, Torsten Neilands, Fred M. Ssewamala Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Transgender Youths' Perspectives on Telehealth for Delivery of Gender-Affirming Care
We aimed to examine transgender youths' interest in receiving gender-affirming care via telemedicine or through primary care with telehealth support. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - September 22, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Gina M. Sequeira, Kacie M. Kidd, Robert W.S. Coulter, Elizabeth Miller, Dennis Fortenberry, Robert Garofalo, Laura P. Richardson, Kristin N. Ray Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

The Urgent and Growing Needs of Youths Experiencing Homelessness During the COVID-19 Pandemic
We are over 6 months into a pandemic that in the U.S. is only worsening. Although we have made tremendous progress in better understanding SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes corona virus disease-2019 (COVID-19), and the risk factors, treatments, and outcomes of COVID-19, we remain in the dark about most aspects. This includes our knowledge of its effect not only on the health of our most vulnerable adolescents and young adults but on their trajectory through adolescence and into adulthood. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - September 18, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Colette L. Auerswald, Sherilyn Adams, Marguerita Lightfoot Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

HIV Prevention in Adolescents: Removing Obstacles and Protecting Human Rights
A disturbingly high proportion of new HIV infections occur in adolescents and young adults, and far too many young people are dying of AIDS-related illnesses. As noted by Shah et  al. [1] in their important study of obstacles to HIV prevention research in adolescents, globally one-third of new HIV infections are in the 15- to 24-year age group. HIV prevention for young people is therefore an essential public health imperative. Successful HIV prevention efforts must include research, outreach and education, HIV testing and counseling, and access to preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) as well as HIV treatment. (Source: Journ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - September 18, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Abigail English Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Active Shooter Drills: A Closer Look at Next Steps
The novel coronavirus has rightfully triggered a public health emergency; however, it has also diverted the attention of the nation away from the enduring crisis of gun violence, especially gun violence in our nation's schools. Because firearms are the second leading cause of death for adolescents [1] and gun access is strongly correlated with unintentional and intentional injury [2], we must continue to focus on the health of our students and schools. Schools serve as a place for social development [3], and acts of violence often occur at school [4], adversely influencing healthy development. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - September 18, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Keith J. Zullig Tags: Editorial Source Type: research