Adapting to Changes in Teen Pregnancy Prevention Research: Social Media as an Expedited Recruitment Strategy
Teen pregnancy prevention projects funded by the U.S. Office of Adolescent Health were disrupted by the Trump administration in the July 2017 announcement that funding would be terminated. Although funding was later reinstated toward the end of 2018 after a class-action lawsuit, we needed to change our recruitment protocol to mitigate this disruption to the study timeline and staffing. This led to a natural experiment comparing in person and social media recruitment strategies. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 23, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Angela Barney, Felicia Rodriguez, Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, Reiley Reed, Daniel Tancredi, Claire D. Brindis, Christine Dehlendorf, Kathleen P. Tebb Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

Girls' Pubertal Timing and Tempo and Mental Health: A Longitudinal Examination in an Ethnically Diverse Sample
This study addressed these limitations. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 23, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Julianna Deardorff, Kristine Marceau, Megan Johnson, Jonathan W. Reeves, Frank M. Biro, Ai Kubo, Louise C. Greenspan, Cecile A. Laurent, Gayle C. Windham, Susan M. Pinney, Lawrence H. Kushi, Robert A. Hiatt Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Priority Areas for Adolescent Health Measurement
We establish priority areas for adolescent health measurement and identify current gaps, aiming to focus resources on the most relevant data to improve adolescent health. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 22, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Regina Guthold, Ann-Beth Moller, Emmanuel Adebayo, Liliana Carvajal, Carolin Ekman, Lucy Fagan, Jane Ferguson, Howard S. Friedman, Mariame Gu èye Ba, Ann Hagell, Kid Kohl, Peter S. Azzopardi Tags: Original article Source Type: research

“Melanincholy”: A Qualitative Exploration of Youth Media Use, Vicarious Racism, and Perceptions of Health
We sought to (1) characterize teens' experiences with news and social media, focusing on news depicting racism, (2) assess youth perceptions of how these experiences may impact their own health, and (3) explore how teens cope with racism encountered in media. We hypothesized that teens access news primarily through social media, and vicarious racism experienced via news increases negative perceptions of health. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 19, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Alyssa Cohen, Patricia O. Ekwueme, Kaitlyn Ann Sacotte, Laiba Bajwa, Shawnese Gilpin, Nia Heard-Garris Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Young Adults' COVID-19 Testing Intentions: The Role of Health Beliefs and Anticipated Regret
Young adults are at high risk for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and transmission due to their social behaviors. The purpose of this study was to determine their attitudes toward coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) testing, an important approach for minimizing infection and transmission. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 17, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Russell D. Ravert, Linda Y. Fu, Gregory D. Zimet Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Measuring and Addressing Inequities in Health Care Access for Transgender and Gender Diverse Youth in the U.S.
Inequities in health care access and outcomes among transgender and gender diverse (TGD) individuals in the U.S. are well documented [1 –7]. However, our collective knowledge of how these inequities vary across communities within the TGD population (e.g., among adolescent communities, nonbinary communities, or communities of color) is more limited [2,3,8,9]. Efforts to increase our understanding of the specific needs and resilienc ies of subgroups of the broader TGD population are critical to developing and implementing targeted policy-, institutional-, and community-level interventions to eliminate inequities in hea...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 17, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Alex McDowell, Nadia L. Dowshen Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

The Distinguished Dozen: 2020 Journal of Adolescent Health Articles Making Distinguished Contributions to Adolescent and Young Adult Health
The Journal of Adolescent Health (JAH) is the official publication of the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. One of the Society's primary goals is the development, synthesis, and dissemination of scientific and scholarly knowledge unique to the health needs of young people. To amplify important contributions to the field, beginning in 2020, JAH asked all peer reviewers, “Does the manuscript merit special consideration in the Journal's monthly and/or annual collections of particularly important research?” Reviewers who responded affirmatively were provided with the opportunity to enter explanatory comme...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 17, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Carol A. Ford, Cherrie B. Boyer, Catherine M. Gordon, Carolyn T. Halpern, David A. Ross Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Winning the Hearts and Minds of Young Adults in the COVID-19 Pandemic
The transition from adolescence to adulthood is a complex time of exploration, identity formation, and burgeoning autonomy. Young adulthood, defined here as ages 18 –25 years, is always a challenging time – a time that has been made exponentially more difficult by the pandemic, which has undermined social connectivity, precluded typical rites of passage such as proms and graduations, disrupted all traditional plans for college and future employment, and cre ated widespread economic insecurity. Many young adults fear, or have experienced, COVID-related illness and death among important adults in their lives. (So...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 17, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Sarah W. Freeman, Richard J. Chung, Carol A. Ford, Charlene A. Wong Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Scaling up PrEP for Women: What We Can Learn From Title X Clinics in the Southern United States
In the United States, women bear a sizable burden of HIV, making up 19% of new infections and 23% of people living with HIV [1]. Fortunately, rates of HIV among women in the United States have been decreasing for many years, and eight in nine women with HIV were aware of their infection [2]. The South is the center of the HIV epidemic in the United States —44% of new diagnoses occurred here in 2013 [3]. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 17, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jack Rusley, Alison Riese Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Parenting and Home Environment in Childhood and Adolescence and Alcohol Use Disorder in Adulthood
This study aimed to explore the longitudinal relationship between positive parenting and AUD in adulthood. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 17, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Joseph M. Boden, Rose Crossin, Susan Cook, Greg Martin, James A. Foulds, Giles Newton-Howes Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Does Tobacco Screening in Youth Primary Care Identify Youth Vaping?
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity of a tobacco use screening question, modified to include the word “e-cigarette,” in detecting past 12-month nicotine vaping and past 12-month tobacco product use inclusive of nicotine vaping, among adolescent primary care patients. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 17, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jessica Liu, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, Sion Kim Harris Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

E-Cigarette Device Types Used by Middle School Students and High School Students —The U.S., 2019
The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of e-cigarette device types used most often among youth currently using e-cigarettes in a nationally representative survey. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 16, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Gabriella Anic, Karen A. Cullen, Lisa D. Gardner, Sherry T. Liu Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

Feasibility of Ethyl Glucuronide Nail Testing Biomarker for Alcohol Use Among Youth Living With HIV
We assessed the feasibility of the ethyl glucuronide biomarker (EtG) through nail sampling to measure alcohol use among youth living with HIV in the United States (YLWH, N  = 183); we also evaluated concordance between this EtG biomarker and self-reported measures of alcohol use, specifically, the Alcohol Timeline Followback (TFLB) and Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST). (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 15, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Henna Budhwani, Veronica Dinaj, Angela J. Jacques-Tiura, Amy L. Pennar, Sylvie Naar Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

Black Youth ’s Experiences With Feelings of Worthlessness, Parent Relationships, and Suicide: Findings From a National Probability Survey
Suicide has been a leading cause of death for Black youth in the U.S. since the 1980s. Yet, empirical investigations that examine correlates of suicidality and assess within-group differences among Black boys and girls are scant. The current study therefore sought to rectify this gap by assessing whether feelings of worthlessness and parent relationships were associated with suicidality for Black adolescents, while also examining whether youth ’s experiences are consistent across gender groups. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 15, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Janelle R. Goodwill Tags: Original article Source Type: research

CCopeY: A Mixed-Methods Coproduced Study on the Mental Health Status and Coping Strategies of Young People During COVID-19 UK Lockdown
Exploring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on young people ’s mental health is an increasing priority. Studies to date are largely surveys and lack meaningful involvement from service users in their design, planning, and delivery. The study aimed to examine the mental health status and coping strategies of young people during the first UK COVID-19 lockdow n using coproduction methodology. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 12, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Lindsay H. Dewa, Caroline Crandell, Elizabeth Choong, Jack Jaques, Alex Bottle, Catherine Kilkenny, Anna Lawrence-Jones, Martina Di Simplicio, Dasha Nicholls, Paul Aylin Tags: Original article Source Type: research

A Group Randomized Trial Evaluating High School FLASH, a Comprehensive Sexual Health Curriculum
To evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based comprehensive sexual health curriculum (FLASH) on high-school students ’ sexual behavior and related outcomes. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 11, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Karin Coyle, Pamela Anderson, B.A. Laris, Mia Barrett, Tracy Unti, Elizabeth Baumler Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Impact of Positive Youth Development Attributes on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms Among Chinese Adolescents Under COVID-19
This study examined the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among adolescents in mainland China under COVID-19. The direct effects of the perceived threat of COVID-19 and positive youth development (PYD) qualities, as well as the moderating effect of PYD qualities on PTSD symptoms, were studied. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 11, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Daniel T.L. Shek, Li Zhao, Diya Dou, Xiaoqin Zhu, Chenghan Xiao Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Parents Who First Allowed Adolescents to Drink Alcohol in a Family Context During Spring 2020 COVID-19 Emergency Shutdowns
COVID-19 stay-at-home orders during Spring 2020 dramatically changed daily life and created significant challenges for families. We document levels and predictors of U.S. parents who newly allowed adolescents to drink alcohol at home during the shutdown. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 10, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jennifer L. Maggs, Jenna R. Cassinat, Brian C. Kelly, Sarah A. Mustillo, Shawn D. Whiteman Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

International Adolescent Health Week: Nothing About Them Without Them
International Adolescent Health Week (IAHW) is an annual health campaign consisting of dynamic participatory events to inspire adolescents and their communities to advocate for a successful transition into adulthood. Initiated as “Pennsylvania Teen Health Week” in 2016 and observed globally since 2018, IAHW involves young people in the planning of activities, offering opportunities for youth to become active participants in contributing to their own communities, empowering them to make changes and develop life skills. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 10, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Ngozi Oketah, Chinwendu Wokoma, Jonathan D. Klein, Preeti Galagali, Tina Simpson, Laura Offutt Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Opioid Use Disorder Stigma, Discrimination, and Policy Attitudes in a National Sample of U.S. Young Adults
A small fraction of people with opioid use disorder (OUD) receives appropriate care. Public opinion about addiction contributes to the availability and accessibility of effective treatment services. Little is known about such attitudes toward OUD among young adults, a population at heightened risk for OUD onset. The current study examined endorsement of social stigma, discrimination, and policy attitudes about OUD and hypothesized correlates of such attitudes (familiarity with OUD, criminal justice involvement, respondent demographic characteristics). (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 9, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Zachary W. Adams, Bruce G. Taylor, Elizabeth Flanagan, Elizabeth Kwon, Annalee V. Johnson-Kwochka, Katherine S. Elkington, Jennifer E. Becan, Matthew C. Aalsma Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Suicide Attempts in Association With Traditional and Electronic Bullying Among Heterosexual and Sexual Minority U.S. High School Students
The aim of this study was to compare the association between bullying (traditional, electronic, and both) and suicide attempt in heterosexual and lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) U.S. high school students. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 2, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Kayleigh D. Humphries, Li Li, Gary A. Smith, Jeffrey A. Bridge, Motao Zhu Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

1. Chronic Absenteeism Among Middle School Students With High Exposure to Violence
Chronic absenteeism, defined as missing 10% of school days, impacts over 7 million U.S. students with lasting effects on health and education. Chronic absenteeism in middle school predicts high school drop-out, which subsequently predicts poor health and increased overall mortality in adulthood. Prior studies have revealed associations between adverse childhood experiences and chronic absenteeism among samples with relatively low levels of both. Youth in areas of concentrated disadvantage experience higher rates of chronic absenteeism, which may be a function of their differential exposure to violence. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jacquelin Rankine, Barbara Fuhrman, Ethan Copperman, Alison Culyba, Elizabeth Miller Tags: Platform Research Presentation I: Charles E. Irwin Jr. New Investigators Source Type: research

2. Missed Opportunities for Sexual History Documentation and STI Testing in the Pediatric Emergency Department
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are disproportionately prevalent in the adolescent population, and these patients often present to the pediatric emergency department (PED) for care. Despite practice recommendations, prior studies have found low rates of sexual history documentation and STI testing in the PED. However, these studies have had limited sample sizes due to the burden of manual review. We aimed to estimate the rate of sexual history documentation and identify factors associated with STI testing in a large cohort of adolescents using natural language processing (NLP). (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Caryn Robertson, Amanda Thomas, Atsuko Koyama, Lauren Middlebrooks, Swaminathan Kansaswamy, Evan Orenstein, Holly C. Gooding Source Type: research

3. Early Adolescents in Adversity: A Latent Class Approach to Understanding Patterns of Emotional and Behavioral Problems Across Low-Resource Urban Settings Worldwide
Early adolescence (ages 10-14) is a critical period for psychosocial development. With a substantial proportion of lifetime mental health problems manifesting by age 14, poor psychosocial adjustment in early adolescence can set the stage for impairment throughout the life course. Youth living in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are at particular risk of experiencing emotional and behavioral problems, but little research on adolescent psychosocial development has been conducted in these settings. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Shoshanna L. Fine, Robert W. Blum, Judith K. Bass, Aim ée M. Lulebo, William Stones, Anggriyani W. Pinandari, Siswanto A. Wilopo, Xiayun Zuo, Rashelle J. Musci Source Type: research

4. “I Knew That My Dad Was Going to Find Out”: Dismantling Barriers and Transforming The Future of Prep Uptake In Black and Latinx Sexual Gender Minority Youth (BLSGMY)
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has the potential to transform HIV prevention in BLSGMY. Yet, uptake among BLSGMY remains low. Engagement in the HIV prevention cascade early is critical to reducing the burden of new infections in young people. In order to transform engagement in PrEP prevention in BLSGMY, healthcare providers and others involved in increasing access and direct care to PrEP will need to better understand and address the barriers of PrEP uptake. We sought to understand barriers, using an ecological framework, to PrEP uptake among BLSGMY at risk for or recently (last 5 years) diagnosed with HIV. (Source: Jour...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Fiona Shorrock, Aubrey Alvarenga, William Vickroy, Travis A. Cos, Jennafer Kwait, Constance Trexler, Renata Arrington-Sanders Source Type: research

5. Misconceptions About Crisis Pregnancy Centers (CPCS) Among a Sample of Emerging Adults Who Sought Services at CPCS in Georgia: A Mixed Methods Study
Crisis pregnancy centers (CPCs) are non-profits that aim to dissuade people from abortion, frequently using misinformation and deceptive practices. Additional aims include Christian evangelism and promoting sexual abstinence before marriage only. Since 2016, government support and funding of CPCs have significantly increased. Georgia provides public funding directly to CPCs. SAHM and NASPAG recently issued a joint position statement highlighting that CPCs ’ lack of adherence to medical and ethical practice standards pose risk. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Andrea Swartzendruber, Amy Solsman, Danielle Lambert Tags: Platform Research Presentation II: Sexual and Reproductive Health Source Type: research

6. Identity-Related Health Risk and Protective Factors in Romantic and Sexual Relationships: Findings From a U.S. Sample of Transgender and Gender Diverse Young Adults
Transgender and gender diverse (TGD) young adults experience substantial health inequities compared to their cisgender peers. The role of romantic and sexual relationships in relation to health risk and protective factors for TGD young adults is poorly understood. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Lucila Marie. Suarez, Carlton Allan. Lawrence, Rose Eiduson, Gabriel R. Murchison, Allegra Raboff Gordon Source Type: research

7. Preparing Providers to Consider PrEP (Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis For Hiv) Through a Best Practice Advisory in a Large Academic-Community Pediatric Network
Nationally, about 40% of new HIV diagnoses are among adolescents and young adults. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a daily medication that was recently FDA-approved for adolescents to reduce the risk of HIV acquisition by over 99%. However, many providers are not yet aware of PrEP. There is an urgent need for youth-focused PrEP programs to train pediatric and adolescent providers. Therefore, we designed and implemented a best practice advisory (BPA) to prompt pediatric providers to consider PrEP for patients at risk for HIV. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Carrie Toni Chan, Geoffrey Hart-Cooper, Megen Vo Source Type: research

8. The Preliminary Efficacy of a Mhealth Preventive Intervention on PrEP Willingness For Uptake, Attitudes and Beliefs Among Adolescents
HIV remains a significant public health concern in the United States, and adolescents (defined hereon ages 14-21) are disproportionately affected. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a novel biomedical tool that has been shown to be effective in preventing HIV infection among adults. Yet, scientific knowledge on PrEP willingness for uptake, attitudes and beliefs among adolescents remains limited. Mobile health (mHealth) apps, defined as the implementation of medical and public health interventions through mobile devices, have been shown to impact HIV-related outcomes among adolescents. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Melody M. Garc ía-Torres, Jaime Muñoz-Velázquez, Sydni Warner, David Cordova Source Type: research

9. Latina Mothers ’ Perspectives on Adverse Experiences and Protection of Latinx Youth in an Agricultural Community
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are a measure of childhood toxic stress with a dose-dependent relationship with many health outcomes in adulthood. While ACEs measure broad categories of neglect, abuse, and family dysfunction that have been validated across diverse populations, they do not capture the trauma that some adolescents experience as a result of race, ethnicity, immigration, and family history. Young Latinx are one of the fastest growing populations in the country. 54% of all Latinx youth in the United States are immigrants or children of immigrants, exposing them to distinctive personal and intergenerational...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Deepika D. Parmar, Elodia Caballero, Alexandra M. Minnis, Melissa S. Zerofsky, Marissa Raymond-Flesch Tags: Platform Research Presentation III: Parenting and Youth Development Source Type: research

10. COVID-19 Impact on Parent/Young Adult Attitudes and Beliefs Toward Vaccines for Adolescents and Young Adults
The study (1) assesses the impact of COVID-19 on attitudes of parents and adolescents/young adults (AYAs) toward vaccines for AYAs and (2) captures perspectives through the phases of public health interventions, social behaviors, economic impact, and potential treatments and COVID-19 vaccines. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Judy K. Klein, Amy B. Middleman, Jane R. Quinn Source Type: research

11. “Difficult to Find, Stressful to Navigate”: Parents’ Experiences With Affirming Care for Gender Diverse Youth
Gender diverse youth (GDY) face significant health disparities which can be mitigated by parental support and access to gender-affirming care. Understanding parents ’ perspectives as they seek guidance and care for their GDY may help improve patient and family experiences with care as well as health outcomes for GDY. The purpose of this study was to explore parent experiences with accessing affirming medical and mental health care for GDY. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Kacie M. Kidd, Gina M. Sequeira, Sabra L. Katz-Wise, Molly Fechter-Leggett, Elizabeth Miller, Nadia Dowshen Source Type: research

12. Youth Leadership in Action (YLIA): Feasibility of Implementing a Youth Participatory Action Research Program in Inner-City Public Schools and Communities
Youth Participatory Action Research (YPAR) is one type of community-partnered participatory research through which young people are engaged in the process of identifying, analyzing, and addressing challenges in their environment. We partnered with young people in Pittsburgh to implement Youth Leadership in Action (YLIA), a multisite initiative adopting a YPAR framework. We focused on recruitment of youth who would not historically be recognized as ‘leaders’ in their communities, including youth at risk for school ‘push out.’ Our primary goals were to promote youth empowerment, foster resilience, and...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Namita Dwarakanath, Nicholas Szoko, Elizabeth Miller Source Type: research

13. Does Tobacco Screening in Youth Primary Care Identify Youth Vaping?
The significant rise in youth electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use in recent years threatens to erase decades of progress in reducing youth tobacco use, as e-cigarette use significantly increases risk for combustible cigarette use. The increase began after the introduction of JUUL in 2015, and, according to national Youth Risk Behavior Survey data, past-30-day nicotine vaping rose from 13.2% in 2017 to 32.7% in 2019 among U.S. high school students. The primary care setting has long been an important venue for screening and brief intervention for tobacco use, and the U.S. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jessica Liu, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, Sion Harris Tags: Platform Research IV: Salient topics in Adolescent Health Source Type: research

14. One-Year Outcomes From a Multi-Center Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) of Refeeding in Anorexia Nervosa: The Study of Refeeding to Optimize Inpatient Gains (STRONG)
We recently reported the short-term results of this RCT, demonstrating that higher calorie refeeding (HCR) restored medical stability earlier with no increase in safety events, and significant savings associated with shorter length of stay as compared to lower calorie refeeding (LCR) in hospitalized adolescents and young adults with anorexia nervosa (AN). Here we report the one-year outcomes including rates of clinical remission, rehospitalization rate, number of readmissions, and total number of hospital days following the initial admission. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Neville H. Golden, Jing Cheng, Cynthia Kapphahn, Sara M. Buckelew, Vanessa I. Machen, Anna A. Kreiter, Erin C. Accurso, Sally H. Adams, Daniel Le Grange, Anna-Barbara Moscicki, Allyson Sy, Leslie S. Wilson, Andrea K. Garber Source Type: research

15. Associations Between Race-Based Discrimination and Past 30-Day Substance Use Among Predominantly Black Youth Residing in Urban Neighborhoods
We examined associations between race-based discrimination and substance use among a predominantly Black sample of youth. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Lynissa R. Stokes, Alison J. Culyba, Amber L. Hill, Namita Dwarakanath, Jordan Pollard, Elizabeth L. Miller, Ashley V. Hill Source Type: research

16. Adolescent Perceptions of Menstruation on Twitter: Opportunities for Advocacy and Education
Menstrual health and hygiene is an important part of adolescent sexual and reproductive health. While many adolescents celebrate menstruation as an important rite of passage, many seek discretion around menstruation due to stigma. Social media sites like Twitter have the potential to benefit adolescents through the provision of social support and information but may also perpetuate myths and misinformation. Many youth have used Twitter and other social media to combat stigma and raise awareness about other culturally taboo topics, but previous work has not explored youth conversations regarding menstruation. (Source: Journ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Shelby Hannah Davies, Miriam Langer, Ari Z. Klein, Graciela Gonzalez-Hernandez, Nadia Dowshen Source Type: research

17. Creating a Research Program to Promote Bladder Health in Adolescent Women
The majority of women over the course of their lifetime eventually experience lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), such as dysuria, urgency, or incontinence. It is currently unknown how to best promote bladder health in women across the life course. The Prevention of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (PLUS) Research Consortium, funded by the National Institutes of Health, aims to identify factors that promote female bladder health from adolescence to older adulthood. PLUS recognizes the importance of adolescence as a critical period for prevention and the formation of lifelong bladder health behaviors. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Deepa R. Camenga, Amanda Berry, Melissa Constantine, Sheila Gahagan, Diane Newman, Kyle Rudser, Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Lisa Kane-Low, David Shoham, Peter Scal Tags: Poster Symposia I: Promoting Sexual and Genitourinary Health Source Type: research

18. The Probability of Anovulatory Cycles in Primary Dysmenorrhea in Adolescents
Primary-Dysmenorrhea (PD) is believed to be caused in large part by the overproduction of uterine prostaglandins leading to the assumption “ovulation is necessary for the development of PD”. However several studies have reported the possibility of dysmenorrhea with anovulation. Although serial transvaginal ultrasound is the gold standard method for ovulation confirmation, it’s not a practical method in adolescents. Determining th e luteal phase SP level could be the second-best method. When the literature is reviewed, the serum progesterone (SP) threshold value for the adolescent age group showing ovulati...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Alkim Oden Akman, Gurkan Bozdag, Melis Kizilkan-Pehlivanturk, Sinem Akgul, Orhan Derman, Nuray Kanbur Source Type: research

19. Confidential Contraception Protections for Adolescents in Foster Care in Texas
We analyzed documents from regulatory agencies and national societies to determine the confidential protections in place for adolescents in foster care seeking contraception. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jenny K. Francis, Justin Kramer, Victoria K. Sanchez, Reshma Narain, Heidi K. Roman, Jill D. McLeigh, Simon Craddock Lee Source Type: research

20. Sexual Minority Female Adolescents are More Likely to Receive Sexually Explicit Messages and Experience Fear From Unwanted Messages Compared to Their Heterosexual Female Peers
With the ubiquity of digital communication, adolescents are engaging in exchanges of digital text messages and images of a sexually explicit nature, also known as sexting. We explore the relationships between sexting, sexual orientation, and behavior among a cohort of female adolescents. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Julie S. Downs, Amie M. Ashcraft, Anna Maria Berta, Jason Chang, Karin Coyle, Mandy Beth Lanyon, Susan C. Potter, Pamela J. Murray Source Type: research

21. Missed Opportunities to Provide Comprehensive Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare Among Hospitalized Adolescents
Despite reaching historic lows, adolescents continue to experience high rates of unintended pregnancy and account for roughly a quarter of all chlamydia and gonorrhea cases. Even when adolescents interface with the healthcare system, they often do not receive the recommended sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care, such as sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening and contraceptive counseling. Inpatient settings may be a feasible venue for addressing adolescent SRH. We sought to examine the delivery of sexual and reproductive healthcare among hospitalized adolescents and associations with long-term SRH outcomes. (So...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Janna R. Gewirtz O'Brien, Maura Shramko, Maya A. Sayarath, Elena Brown, Taylor A. Argo, Christy M. Boraas, Annie-Laurie McRee Source Type: research

22. Examining Disparities in STI/HIV Testing and Contraception Care Receipt Among Sexually Active Adolescents Who are Women of Color Who Have Sex With Women
This study ’s goal was to describe adolescent WCSW’s STI/HIV testing and contraceptive care receipt to help identify areas for improvement in equity of care. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jen Makrides, Pamela Matson, Renata Arrington-Sanders, Maria Trent, Arik V. Marcell Source Type: research

23. Violence Perpetration Among Early Adolescents in an International Context
In this study, we identify factors associated with violence perpetration among 10-14 year old boys and girls from low, middle, and high income countries and identify common risk and protective factors that cross geography and cultural context. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Sam Beckwith, Robert W.m. Blum Tags: Poster Symposia II: Violence Prevention and Juvenile Justice Source Type: research

24. Discordant Substance Use and the Daily Experience of Partner Violence in Adolescent and Emerging Adults With Previous Dating Violence
Teen dating violence (TDV) is a significant public health issue in the United States and can have detrimental effects on adolescent health. Substance use has been identified as both as a risk factor and a consequence of TDV. Research among adults has found that substance use by one or both partners has different impacts on violence within the relationship. Among adults, concordant use has been shown to have a positive impact and improve relationship quality, while discordant use is associated with increased conflict. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Tiffany E. Mark, Sarah J. Flessa, Shang-en Chung, Maria Trent, Megan H. Bair-Merritt, Pamela A. Matson Source Type: research

25. Juvenile Corrections Officers ’ Perceptions of Procedural Justice
We describe juvenile corrections officers ’ views on youth and perceptions of procedural justice. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Elizabeth Kinsella, Matthew Aalsma, Abby Hunt, Carolyn Meagher, Monique Hensley, Mary Ott Source Type: research

26. Exploring Adolescent-Adult Connections, Coping, and Safety Among Youths in Neighborhoods Impacted by Community Violence
Youths living in neighborhoods impacted by high levels of community violence frequently experience violence exposure and involvement, which negatively affect physical and mental health. Understanding how adult supports help protect youths in communities made vulnerable by structural disadvantage is imperative for designing violence prevention interventions. Our goal was to gain insight into how youths identify adults to help them navigate experiences with violence and explore relationship characteristics, conversations, and strategies that help keep youths safe. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Maxine Fenner, Alexander T. Riley, Alison Culyba Source Type: research

27. Assessing Youth Perceptions of Staff: A Validational Analysis in Adjudicated Youth
According to social ecological theory and frameworks of implementation science (Bronfenbrenner, 1977; Damschroder et al., 2009), understanding dynamics that encourage the effective use of evidenced based interventions (EBIs) within juvenile detention centers is important to meeting the current and future demand for adolescent health services. Consistent with research on the therapeutic alliance (Kazdin et al., 2005), developing positive relationships between youth and detention facility staff may enable improvements in youth behavior and allow for the effective implementation of EBIs. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Casey A. Pederson, Paula J. Fite Source Type: research

28. Future Orientation as a Cross-Cutting Protective Factor Against Multiple Forms of Violence
Future orientation, defined as hopes and plans for the future, is associated with multiple prosocial outcomes, and has been linked to lower levels of youth violence perpetration. Much research to date has used deficit-based measures of future orientation, limited violence outcomes, and focused on youth in suburban settings. Situating our work within the CDC ’s “Connecting the Dots” framework of shared violence prevention risk and protective factors, we examined associations between future orientation and multiple violence outcomes among a sample of youth from Pittsburgh, PA. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Susheel Kant Khetarpal, Nicholas Szoko, Maya Ragavan, Alison Journey Culyba Source Type: research

29. Eating Disorder Screening and Treatment Experiences in Transgender and Gender Diverse Young Adults
This study aims to better understand TGD AYA experiences with and needs for ED screening and treatment. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Sydney Hartman-Munick, Scout Silverstein, Carly Guss, Ethan Lopez, Jerel Calzo, Allegra Gordon Tags: Poster Symposia III: Screening, Measurement, and Consent in Adolescent Behavioral Health Source Type: research