Exploring Health Literacy, Transition Readiness, and Healthcare Utilization in Medicaid Chronically Ill Youth
This study explores associations between health literacy (HL), transition readiness, and healthcare utilization. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 2, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Deena J. Chisolm, Hannah E. Keedy, Laura C. Hart, Laura J. Chavez, Millie Dolce, Jennifer Morack, Connor Grannis, Kelly Kelleher Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Abolishing Racism and Other Forms of Oppression in Scholarly Communication
Events of the past year have heightened many people's awareness of the profound impact of racism and other forms of oppression on health. Racism – defined as a “system of structuring opportunity and assigning value based on the social interpretation of how one looks (which is what we call ‘race’) that unfairly disadvantages some individuals and communities, unfairly advantages other individuals and communities, and saps the strength of the whole society through the waste of human resources”([1,2]) – is now recognized as a critical social determinant of health [1,3,4]. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 2, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Emily Ruedinger, Yolanda N. Evans, Vivek Balasubramaniam Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Focussing on Homeless LGBT+ College Students During COVID-19
We read with great interest the article titled “Mental Health Needs Among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender College Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic,” written by Gonzales et al. [1]. As medical students who have a strong interest in mental health, similar to the participants in the study, we have all struggled returning home for a long period of time and have noticed increased mental distress during this time. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 23, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Sulaimaan Aslam, Shahzaib Asghar, Tasvee Karania, Saamed Rahman, Shahzaib Shaikh Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Adolescent Health Measurement —A Necessary Step Toward Achieving Global Goals
This issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health includes a report on the identification of core areas for adolescent health measurement from the Global Action for Measurement of Adolescent Health (GAMA) Advisory Group [1]. GAMA was established in 2018 as a World Health Organization (WHO) sponsored project, with support from other United Nations (UN) agencies and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation; the main goal of GAMA is to try to reach agreement across UN agencies and other stakeholders on priority indicators to monitor adolescent health [2]. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 23, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jonathan D. Klein Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Violence Syndemics as a Way of Understanding Sexual Risk Among African-American Adolescents
Violence, namely racism and race-related stress, neighborhood violence, police violence, peer bullying, and family violence and disruptions, remains a significant public health concern in the United States [1,2]. African-American heterosexual adolescents, especially those residing in socioeconomically disadvantaged communities, are particularly vulnerable to experiencing violence (both witness and involvement in) [3]. National surveillance data indicate that, relative to the general United States adolescent population, African-American adolescents report similar (e.g., sexually active) or higher (e.g., early sexual debut) ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 23, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: David Cordova Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Views on COVID-19 and Use of Face Coverings Among U.S. Youth
Little is known about the views of U.S. youth on COVID-19 or their use of face coverings. Closing this gap could facilitate messaging to promote COVID-19 risk mitigation behaviors. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 23, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Melissa DeJonckheere, Marika Waselewski, Xochitl Amaro, Abby Frank, Kao-Ping Chua Tags: Original article Source Type: research

A Groundbreaking Systematic Review, but That Alone Is Not Enough to Change the Course of Programming on Child Marriage Prevention
In this issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health, Anju Malhotra and Shatha Elnakib have published a review titled “20 years of the evidence base on what works to prevent child marriage: A systematic review” [1]. In this commentary, we reflect on the contribution of this review to the global discourse, comment on its central question and conclusions, and reflect on the authors' interpretation of the review's conclusions and their recommendations for action and research. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 23, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Marina Plesons Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Adolescent Medicine and Pediatric Residency Training: The Value of Collaboration and Shared Educational Resources
Recognizing the importance of a pediatric workforce skilled in the care of adolescents, the American Council on Graduate Medical Education introduced a requirement for a block adolescent medicine rotation during pediatric residency training over 20  years ago [1]. Implementation of this requirement has been widely variable across pediatric training programs in terms of curricular content, clinical opportunities for resident rotators, and availability of skilled adolescent medicine teaching faculty [2]. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 23, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Claudia Borzutzky Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Erratum
In Sultan RS, Liu S-M, Hacker KA, Olfson M. Adolescents With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Adverse Behaviors and Comorbidity. J Adolesc Health 2021;68:284-291. DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.09.036. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 23, 2021 Category: Child Development Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Erratum
In Miller KK, Shramko M, Brown C, Svetaz MV. The Election Is Over, Now What? Youth Civic Engagement as a Path to Critical Consciousness. J Adolesc Health 2021;68:233-235. DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.10.033. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 23, 2021 Category: Child Development Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Sexual Health Experiences Among High School Students With Disabilities
The purpose of this study was to investigate the sexual experiences of adolescents with and without disabilities. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 23, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Willi Horner-Johnson, Angela Senders, C ésar Higgins Tejera, Marjorie G. McGee Tags: Original article Source Type: research

“Trying My Best”: Sexual Minority Adolescents' Self-Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in major life disruptions for sexual minority adolescents (SMAs), who already face and cope with pervasive and disproportionate rates of social, behavioral, and mental health challenges. Current research suggests that SMAs are struggling with COVID-19 –related shelter in place orders navigating family proximity and dynamics and experiencing isolation from SMA-specific supports. Given identified challenges that may exacerbate known mental health disparities in SMAs, this work explores self-care practices among SMAs during the COVID-19 pandemic. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 16, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Rory P. O'Brien, Luis A. Parra, Julie A. Cederbaum Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Corrigendum
In Torres S. School-Based Body Image Intervention: Overcoming Challenges to Dissemination. J Adolesc Health 2021;68:229-230. DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.11.002. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 15, 2021 Category: Child Development Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Social Media Versus Traditional Clinic-Based Recruitment for a Dyadic Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevention Trial: Results From the Sexperience Study
The enrollment of youth in clinical trials has generally been achieved through conventional in-person recruitment but is evolving with the surge in the use of social media and presents an alternative resource for research recruitment for sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention trials. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 15, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Colin Woods, Hasiya Yusuf, Pamela Matson, Arik V. Marcell, Ralph DiClemente, Errol Fields, Maria Trent Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

National and State-Specific Estimates of Settings of Receiving Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Among Adolescents in the United States
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in the United States has been recommended for girls since 2006 and for boys since 2011. However, settings of receiving HPV vaccination have not been assessed. The purpose of this study is to assess settings of receiving HPV vaccination among adolescents in order to understand what strategies are needed to improve vaccination uptake. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 15, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Peng-jun Lu, David Yankey, Benjamin Fredua, Mei-Chuan Hung, Tanja Y. Walker, Lauri E. Markowitz, Laurie D. Elam-Evans Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Associations Between Adolescent Mental Health and Health-Related Behaviors in 2005 and 2015: A Population Cross-Cohort Study
Adolescent mental ill-health is a growing concern. There is little understanding of changes over time in the associations between mental health and health-related behaviors and outcomes (such as substance use, antisocial behavior, and obesity). We investigate whether the associations between different health and health-related outcomes in adolescence are changing over time in two recent cohorts of adolescents born 10 years apart. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 15, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Suzanne H. Gage, Praveetha Patalay Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Safely Social: Promoting and Sustaining Adolescent Engagement in Social Distancing During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Adolescents are at risk for violating COVID-19 social distancing measures owing to salient developmental needs for autonomy and relatedness. This intensive longitudinal study investigated the initiation and sustainment of adolescents' daily social distancing behaviors. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 12, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Ming-Te Wang, Christina L. Scanlon, Meng Hua, Juan Del Toro Tags: Adolescent Social Distancing Source Type: research

Use of Kids Helpline by Children and Young People in Australia During the COVID-19 Pandemic
The benefits of helplines are particularly valuable during a pandemic when face-to-face services and natural supports are difficult to access. Kids Helpline, Australia's national youth helpline, provides children and young people with free 24/7 information and counseling through telephone, WebChat, and e-mail. We aimed to examine the use of Kids Helpline during the COVID-19 pandemic. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 12, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Samantha Batchelor, Stoyan Stoyanov, Jane Pirkis, Kairi K õlves Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Clinician Recognition of First Episode Psychosis
This study aimed to identify aspects of care episodes contributing to delays in diagnosis of a first psychotic episode. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 10, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Kathryn Albin, Cameron Albin, Clark D. Jeffries, Diana O. Perkins Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Association of Chest Dysphoria With Anxiety and Depression in Transmasculine and Nonbinary Adolescents Seeking Gender-Affirming Care
The purpose of this study was to determine the existence and strength of association between chest dysphoria and mental health in transmasculine and nonbinary adolescents. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 10, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Rachita Sood, Diane Chen, Abigail L. Muldoon, Liqi Chen, Mary J. Kwasny, Lisa K. Simons, Noopur Gangopadhyay, Julia F. Corcoran, Sumanas W. Jordan Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Campus Suicide Prevention as a Moral Imperative in Pandemic Times
Hoyt et  al (2020) [1] illustrate troubling trends concerning college student mental distress in the time of the pandemic. They concluded that persistent mental distress will the “new norm” for college students in pandemic times, and vulnerable student groups will disproportionately endure this “new norm.” While these findings are troubling, we agree with both points. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 9, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Surasya Guduru, Robert J. Cramer, Susan Rasmussen Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Can a Clean Catch Urine Sample Be Used to Diagnose Chlamydia and Gonorrhea in Adolescent Females?
Clean catch urine samples may be an alternative specimen to test for chlamydia and gonorrhea infections. The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of clean urine for chlamydia and gonorrhea in women. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 9, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Michelle L. Pickett, Alexis Visotcky, Ruta Brazauskas, Nathan A. Ledeboer, Amy L. Drendel Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Centralized Reminder/Recall for Human Papillomavirus Vaccination: Findings From Two States —A Randomized Clinical Trial
Centralized reminder/recall (C-R/R) using Immunization Information Systems has been effective in increasing childhood immunization rates. Previously, C-R/R using autodialer for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine did not raise rates. We assessed C-R/R for HPV vaccine using other modalities and focused on younger adolescents. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 9, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Dennis Gurfinkel, Allison Kempe, Christina Albertin, Abigail Breck, Xinkai Zhou, Sitaram Vangala, Brenda Beaty, John Rice, Chi-Hong Tseng, Jonathan D. Campbell, Rebecca Valderrama, Cynthia Rand, Sharon G. Humiston, Heather Roth, Shivani Arora, Peter Szila Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Cannabis Legalization and Adolescent Cannabis Use: Explanation of Paradoxical Findings
Cannabis legalization has been a controversial topic for the past decade. Colorado was the first state in the United States to legalize cannabis for recreational use in 2012. Canada opted to legalize adult use in 2018. In spite of pleas opposing legalization from a number of State Medical Societies [1], four additional states chose legalization in the November 2020 U.S. elections to  join the dozen states which have already commercialized adult use. In contrast, the people of New Zealand via referendum and the legislature in Germany chose to reject legalization in 2020. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 9, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Bobby P. Smyth, Mary Cannon Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

“If It Needs to be Done, It Needs to be Done”: National Survey of Youth Experiences and Perspectives on Caregiving
The purpose of this study was to explore youth experiences and perspectives on family caregiving to improve programs and policies that impact the well-being of youth. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 9, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Minakshi Raj, Sara J. Feldman, Jodyn E. Platt, Tammy Chang Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

Yes, It Is: A Photographic Journey
In late October of my sophomore year, I met the proud parents of identical twin boys. Both parents seemed quite young, no more than a few years older than me. Because the twins were slightly premature, they were nursed in adjacent incubators until they were healthy enough for discharge. This is a common occurrence for newborn twins, as multiple pregnancies often result in preterm births. By their feisty movements, energetic temperaments, and the neonatologist's reassuring words, I could tell that the twin boys were on track for a healthy discharge. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 9, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Aaron T. Zhao Tags: Intersection Source Type: research

Trends and Patterns of Tobacco and Nicotine Product Use Among Youth in Canada, England, and the United States From 2017 to 2019
This study examined differences over time (2017 –2019), across countries (Canada, England, the United States (US)), and by smoking and vaping, in use of other tobacco/nicotine products and overall use. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 7, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Katherine A. East, Jessica L. Reid, Vicki L. Rynard, David Hammond Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Using Reproductive Health as a Strategy to Engage Youth in Preventive Care
This research examined differences in receipt of recommended preventive services by contraceptive use in adolescent and young adult (AYA) women. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 3, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jessica B. Calihan, Michelle Recto, Noah Wheeler, Kathy Tomaszewski, Maria Trent Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

Shelter in Place, Connect Online: Trending TikTok Content During the Early Days of the U.S. COVID-19 Pandemic
In the U.S., TikTok surged in popularity as the COVID-19 virus spread nationally. TikTok posts may both reflect and shape young people's perceptions of the pandemic. This mixed methods study applied a uses and gratifications framework to a systematic analysis of trending TikToks related to COVID-19, with attention to changes over a 2-month period. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 3, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Zoya Unni, Emily Weinstein Tags: Original article Source Type: research

National Study of Youth Opinions on Vaccination for COVID-19 in the U.S.
This study aimed to understand the potential barriers and facilitators to COVID-19 vaccination among youth. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 3, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Eric J. Brandt, Julia Rosenberg, Marika E. Waselewski, Xochitl Amaro, Jacob Wasag, Tammy Chang Tags: Original article Source Type: research

U.S. Trends in Adolescent Substance Use and Conduct Problems and Their Relation to Trends in Unstructured In-Person Socializing With Peers
This study examined whether national trends in unstructured in-person socializing with peers (i.e., socializing without goals or supervision) among adolescents could help explain recent declines in adolescent risk behaviors (e.g., substance use, fighting, theft). (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 2, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jacob T. Borodovsky, Robert F. Krueger, Arpana Agrawal, Basant Elbanna, Margaretha de Looze, Richard A. Grucza Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Dissemination of Mask Effectiveness Misinformation Using TikTok as a Medium
Juxtaposing the immense popularity of TikTok as a social media platform with its ability to propagate videos instantaneously, exposure to misleading information becomes an urgent domain of investigation. Although spreading misinformation may not be the intent of a social media app like TikTok, it is often an unintentional consequence of such an open access platform. Adolescent users of TikTok, who make up more than 60% of the active user base, are at substantial risk of misinformation [1]. As of July 20, 2020, three hashtags related to COVID-19 had reached almost 131 billion views collectively [2]. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Nicholas M. Baumel, John K. Spatharakis, Steven T. Karitsiotis, Evangelos I. Sellas Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Illicit Substance Use Disparities Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual High School Students in the U.S. in 2017
The objective of this study is to investigate the association between self-identifying as lesbian, gay, or bisexual and illicit substance use compared to those who identify as heterosexual among high school students in the U.S. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jessica Fernandez, Roberto Gonzalez, Juan C. Oves, Pura Rodriguez, Grettel Castro, No ël C. Barengo Tags: Original article Source Type: research

A Population-Based Examination of Suicide and Child Protection System Involvement
The purpose of this study was to provide a population-based analysis of child protection system (CPS) involvement among children and adolescents who died by suicide. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Lindsey Palmer, John Prindle, Emily Putnam-Hornstein Tags: Original article Source Type: research

COVID-19 Vaccination of Adolescents and Young Adults of Color: Viewing Acceptance and Uptake With a Health Equity Lens
The COVID-19 pandemic has challenged health-care systems across the world and magnified health inequalities related to systemic racism and globalization. As of February 2021, there have been over 100 million confirmed cases of COVID-19 and over two million deaths reported to the World Health Organization [1]. Within the United States (U.S.), Black, Indigenous, Latinx, and other People of Color (BILPOC) are diagnosed, hospitalized, and die at 1.5, 3.3, and 2.8 times the rates of Whites, respectively [2]. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Samantha V. Hill, Gregory Zimet, Nuray Kanbur, David Kimberlin, Marissa Raymond-Flesch, Tina Simpson, Maria Veronica Svetaz, Maria Trent, Leslie Walker-Harding Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Eating Disorder in Teens During the COVID-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in dramatic changes in children's daily lives. The vast social, economic, and mental health consequences are only beginning to be recognized and clarified. The increase in incidence of behavioral health problems is widely recognized, but a dramatic increase in restricted feeding disorders is not widely appreciated. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Michael D. Schwartz, Kelly L. Costello Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Unpacking Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Emotional Distress Among Adolescents During Witnessed Police Stops
This study aimed to investigate racial/ethnic disparities in emotional distress during witnessed police stops among a national sample of urban-born youth. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 1, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Dylan B. Jackson, Juan Del Toro, Daniel C. Semenza, Alexander Testa, Michael G. Vaughn Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Association Between Same-Sex Marriage Legalization and Youth Deaths by Suicide: A Multimethod Counterfactual Analysis
To estimate the association between same-sex marriage legalization and deaths by suicide among youth. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - March 31, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Andrew Kennedy, Murat Gen ç, P. Dorian Owen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Family Economic Empowerment, Family Social Support, and Sexual Risk-Taking Behaviors Among Adolescents Living With HIV in Uganda: The Suubi+Adherence Study
This study examined the effect of a family economic empowerment (EE) intervention and family support on sexual risk-taking behaviors among adolescents living with HIV in rural Uganda. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - March 31, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Thembekile Shato, Proscovia Nabunya, William Byansi, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, Moses Okumu, Massy Mutumba, Rachel Brathwaite, Christopher Damulira, Flavia Namuwonge, Ozge Sensoy Bahar, Torsten B. Neilands, Fred M. Ssewamala Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Early Puberty Is Associated With Higher Academic Achievement in Boys and Girls and Partially Explains Academic Sex Differences
On average, boys have lower academic achievement than girls. We investigated whether the timing of puberty is associated with academic achievement, and whether later puberty among boys contributes to the sex difference in academic achievement. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - March 29, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Fartein Ask Torvik, Martin Flat ø, Tom A. McAdams, Ian Colman, Karri Silventoinen, Camilla Stoltenberg Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Breathe
i can't breathesaid George Floyd,the knee of four hundred years of racismon his necki can't breathesaid the woman with fearin her eyes,her lungs attacked by coronavirus,as she was put onto the ventilatori can't breathesaid the nurse, exhaustedafter a long shift,sweating under a hot surgical maskand foggy gogglesi can't breathesaid the young man,poisoned by a toxic drug supplyand generations of trauma and lossi can't breathesaid the one hundred thousanddead Americans,a nation,and a worldin mourningi can't breathesaid cities choked in smokefrom a planet on firebreathe my dearsaid the Buddha of our time,reminding us of the wa...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - March 27, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Dzung X. Vo Tags: Intersection Source Type: research

How Are Adolescents Sleeping? Conservative Estimates of Sleep Duration Underestimate the Problem
In their recent article, Gariepy et  al. [1] provided an overview of adolescents' sleep patterns from a cross-national comparative perspective. They reported estimates of the percentage of adolescents meeting the minimum norm of 8 hours of sleep per night across 24 countries in Europe and North America. Percentages ranged from 32% i n Poland to 86% in Flemish Belgium on school days and from 79% in Greece to 92% in Flemish Belgium on nonschool days. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - March 27, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Ann Vandendriessche, Maxim Dierckens, Katrijn Delaruelle, Benedicte Deforche Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Pediatric Primary Care Providers Play a Central Role in Reducing Stimulant Diversion
When used as prescribed, stimulant medications such as methylphenidate and amphetamine salts are safe, effective, and Food and Drug Administration approved for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment [1]. At the same time, stimulant medications are also increasingly being used nonmedically. Recent epidemiological data suggesting that one in 20 high school seniors reports past-year nonmedical use (NMU) of a stimulant [2]. Unlike college student motives for perceived academic performance enhancement, motives for high school student stimulant NMU are more aligned with classic substance abuse motives (e.g., &...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - March 27, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Kevin M. Antshel Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Disclosure of HIV Status to Youth With Perinatally-Acquired HIV: The Dilemma, Risks, and Responsibilities
Despite the nearly 40 years since HIV was first identisfied, HIV stigma persists (http://www.whocanyoutell.org/) [1]. Advances in HIV medications (i.e., more effective, fewer side effects, less burdensome) have resulted in fewer children born with perinatally acquired HIV (PHIV) in the U.S. annually [2] and HIV being reclassified as a chronic condition [3] with near-normal/normal life expectancy. Despite these life-changing medical advances, society ’s understanding of and attitude toward HIV have not evolved commensurately. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - March 27, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Patricia A. Garvie Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Changes in Young Adults ’ Alcohol and Marijuana Use, Norms, and Motives From Before to During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Alongside the SARS-CoV-2 virus, the COVID-19 pandemic is associated with several secondary health effects. There is concern for increased substance use motivated by coping with stress, anxiety, depression, and boredom –all of which may be elevated during the pandemic. The current study examined intraindividual changes (from pre-COVID to during COVID) in young adults’ alcohol and marijuana use, perceptions of peers’ use (i.e., norms), and motives for use. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - March 27, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Scott Graupensperger, Charles B. Fleming, Anna E. Jaffe, Isaac C. Rhew, Megan E. Patrick, Christine M. Lee Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Opportunities and Challenges in Implementing and Evaluating School-Based Sex Education Programs
Despite recent declines, teen birth rates in the U.S. remain higher than in other industrialized nations [1]. Three quarters of teen pregnancies are unintended [2], and disparities persist between racial and ethnic groups [1]. There is evidence that sex education can reduce the risk of unintended pregnancy by delaying sexual activity and increasing the use of contraception [3]. While federal efforts have identified multiple evidence-based teen pregnancy prevention programs with impacts on sexual risk behaviors or reproductive health outcomes [3], it remains important to evaluate new programs with promising or innovative ap...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - March 27, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Jennifer Manlove, Samantha Ciaravino, Kate Welti Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

The Global All-Cause Morbidity and Mortality Burden in Adolescents by Country Income Groups, Age, and Sex
∗Disability-adjusted life years [DALY] are a measure of the overall disease burden, including both the morbidity burden (expressed as years of healthy life lost because of disability [YLD]) and the mortality burden (expressed as years of healthy life lost because of mortality [YLL]). Disease burde n refers to morbidity and mortality from all causes. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - March 27, 2021 Category: Child Development Tags: Infographic Source Type: research

Corroborating Adolescent Tobacco Use and Sociodemographic Patterns From Multiple National Surveys
Increasing tobacco use among adolescents is attributed to the rising popularity of e-cigarette products; in contrast, conventional combustible cigarette use has declined over the past two decades. To illustrate this point, e-cigarette use among high school students increased from 1.5% in 2011% to 19.6% in 2020, whereas adolescent combustible cigarette use declined from 10.5% in 2011% to 3.3% in 2020 [1]. Not only have rising rates of adolescent e-cigarette use been accorded the status of an epidemic [2], but given the emergence of these new tobacco products and the multiple different types of e-cigarette devices proliferat...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - March 27, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Shivani Mathur Gaiha, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

COVID-19 Response Strategies at Large Institutes of Higher Education in the United States: A Landscape Analysis, Fall 2020
To examine the pandemic response plans of institutes of higher education (i.e., colleges and universities), including COVID-19 prevention, enforcement, and testing strategies. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - March 27, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Sarah Freeman, Thuy-vi Nguyen, Jessica Beliveau, Richard J. Chung, Sarah Armstrong, Cameron Wolfe, Rushina Cholera, Charlene A. Wong Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Improving Adolescent and Young Adult Engagement in the Process of Transitioning to Adult Care
Health care transition (HCT) is the complex process of changing from pediatric to adult-centered care. Comprehensive HCT processes have been associated with improved outcomes in all elements of the Triple Aim. Nationally accepted best practices emphasize Six Core Elements of HCT, including the use of transition readiness assessment tools completed during clinic visits. Specifically, Got Transition's tools include two 0 –10 point self-report scales on the validated domains of importance of changing to an adult provider and managing their healthcare, and confidence in their ability to transition. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - March 21, 2021 Category: Child Development Authors: Lisa Lestishock, Sandra Nova, Jennifer Disabato Tags: Original article Source Type: research