Hormonal Contraceptive Prescription in Young Women With Cerebral Palsy
The purpose of the study was to describe the prevalence and patterns of prescription of hormonal contraceptive medications to young women with cerebral palsy (CP) and determine if CP topography or ambulatory status was associated with the type of contraceptive prescribed. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Marisa Flavin, Benjamin J. Shore, Patricia Miller, Susan Gray Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Tracking of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior From Adolescence to Young Adulthood: A Systematic Literature Review
The transition from adolescence to young adulthood is categorized by substantial changes in one's activity behaviors, which may have important implications for health. To date, no reviews have systematically investigated the evidence of tracking for both physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) specifically during this transition period. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Gr áinne Hayes, Kieran P. Dowd, Ciarán MacDonncha, Alan E. Donnelly Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Ethnic Differences in Patterns of Cigarette and E-Cigarette Use Over Time Among Adolescents
Little is known about whether adolescent cigarette and e-cigarette use patterns over time differ by ethnicity. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Jessica L. Barrington-Trimis, Mariel S. Bello, Fei Liu, Adam M. Leventhal, Grace Kong, Margaret Mayer, Tess Boley Cruz, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Rob McConnell Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Using Chart-Stimulated Recall to Identify Barriers and Facilitators to Routine HIV Testing Among Pediatric Primary Care Providers
In this study, the primary aim was to identify barriers and facilitators to routine HIV testing in the pediatric primary care setting. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Nellie Lazar, Hallie Rozansky, Beth Ely, Carol A. Ford, Nadia Dowshen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Partnered Intimate Activities in Early Adolescence —Findings From the UK Millennium Cohort Study
Little is known about potential influences on emerging partnered intimate behaviors in early adolescence. We investigate (1) the prevalence of partnered intimate activities and (2) associations with social relationships, parental monitoring and supervision, health behaviors, and psychosocial well-being. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 21, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Yvonne Kelly, Afshin Zilanawala, Clare Tanton, Ruth Lewis, Catherine H. Mercer Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Reduced Road Traffic Injuries for Young People: A Preliminary Investment Analysis
This article provides an assessment of interventions to reduce these deaths and injuries for adolescents in 75 developing countries. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 19, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: John Symons, Eric Howard, Kim Sweeny, Margarita Kumnick, Peter Sheehan Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Evaluating the Employment Benefits of Education and Targeted Interventions to Reduce Child Marriage
This study sets out to identify effective interventions to reduce child marriage, estimate their economic benefits achieved through enhanced productivity, and undertake a benefit-cost analysis of the interventions. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 19, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Bruce Rasmussen, Neelam Maharaj, Peter Sheehan, Howard S. Friedman Tags: Original article Source Type: research

A Health System –Based Investment Case for Adolescent Health
This study argues that investments in the health of the world's 1.2 billion adolescents is a critical component of the overall investment case for adolescents and is vital for achieving the United Nation's Sustainable Development Agenda. We undertake a benefit cost analysis of a range of interventions to improve adolescent health. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 19, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Kim Sweeny, Howard S. Friedman, Peter Sheehan, Masha Fridman, Hui Shi Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Better Secondary Schooling Outcomes for Adolescents in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Projections of Cost-Effective Approaches
The purpose of this article was to identify effective interventions to reduce secondary school dropout rates, increase the quality of learning in secondary schools in developing countries, and estimate the cost and educational impact of a sustained program to implement a selection of these interventions. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 19, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Annababette Wils, Peter Sheehan, Hui Shi Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Employment and Productivity Benefits of Enhanced Educational Outcomes: A Preliminary Modelling Approach
The aims of the study were to develop methods to estimate the impact of better secondary schooling in developing countries on the employment and productivity of adolescents and provide initial results through application to 72 developing countries. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 19, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Peter Sheehan, Hui Shi Tags: Original article Source Type: research

An Investment Case to Guarantee the Rights of Adolescents
Adolescence is a dynamic life phase with rapid physical growth and sexual development and acquisition of neurocognitive and socioemotional skills. It is in adolescence that the foundations for future health and well-being are laid; assets acquired across adolescence (such as health, social, and emotional well-being and education) have profound implications for lifelong health, well-being, life chances, and choices, as well as for a country's social and economic development [1 –3]. Given adolescents' sensitivity to their environments, deliberate, well-targeted, and well-funded policies and programs designed to promote...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 19, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Satvika Chalasani, Danielle Engel, Howard S. Friedman, Anneka Knutsson, Jacqueline Mahon, George Patton, Susan M. Sawyer Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Charting a Pathway to Multisectoral Investments in Adolescent Health in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
In the past decade, there has been important movement in the recognition of adolescent health as a global concern, especially with the attention in the Sustainable Development Goals to adolescence as a period of both risk and opportunity [1,2]. Increasingly, international frameworks, commitments, research, and advocacy are acknowledging the complex and distinct health burden that girls and boys face during adolescence [3 –6]. The Lancet Commission on Adolescent Health and Wellbeing consolidated important patterns and insights not only regarding the nature of this burden but also on the range of interventions and poli...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 19, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Anju Malhotra Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Promoting Gender Egalitarian Norms and Practices Among Boys in Rural India: The Relative Effect of Intervening in Early and Late Adolescence
This article examines the differential effect of exposing boys to a gender transformative program in early and late adolescence on their gender role attitudes and practices. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Ashish Kumar Gupta, K.G. Santhya Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Transgender Adolescents' Experiences in Primary Care: A Qualitative Study
The objective of this study was to learn about the experiences in primary care of transgender and gender nonconforming (TGN) adolescents and their recommendations for primary care practices and clinicians. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Carly E. Guss, G. Alice Woolverton, Joshua Borus, S. Bryn Austin, Sari L. Reisner, Sabra L. Katz-Wise Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Type of Firearm Used in Suicides: Findings From 13 States in the National Violent Death Reporting System, 2005 –2015
Although household firearm ownership has been consistently associated with increased suicide rates in the U.S., scant data speak to the type of gun used in U.S. suicides. We address this research gap using data from the National Violent Death Reporting System Restricted Access Data Set, 2005 –2015, by describing the types of guns used in firearm suicides over time, by urban versus rural residence, for the population as a whole, and separately among adolescents, and by sex, race, and age. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Thomas J. Hanlon, Catherine Barber, Deborah Azrael, Matthew Miller Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Confidentiality Matters but How Do We Improve Implementation in Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Care?
Confidentiality protections are a key component of high-quality adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care. Research has shown that adolescents value confidentiality and are more likely to seek care and provide honest information when confidentiality protections are implemented. However, many adolescents do not receive confidential SRH care. We synthesize studies of adolescents, parents, and providers to identify confidentiality-related factors that may explain why adolescents do not seek care or receive confidential services when they do access care. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Sanjana Pampati, Nicole Liddon, Patricia J. Dittus, Susan Hocevar Adkins, Riley J. Steiner Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Physical Activity as a Predictor of Changes in Systolic Blood Pressure for African-American Adolescents Seeking Treatment for Obesity
The aim of the study was to examine changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and whether physical activity and obesity status predicted SBP change for African-American adolescents (n  = 181) participating in a behavioral weight control trial. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Elizabeth K. Towner, Gaurav Kapur, April Idalski Carcone, James Janisse, Deborah A. Ellis, Kai-Lin Catherine Jen, Sylvie Naar Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

Impact of Adrenal Hormone Supplementation on Bone Geometry in Growing Teens With Anorexia Nervosa
Adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) have decreased dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and estrogen concentrations that may contribute to skeletal deficits. We sought to determine whether DHEA  + estrogen replacement (ERT) prevented bone loss in young adolescents with AN. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Amy D. DiVasta, Henry A. Feldman, Jennifer M. O'Donnell, Jin Long, Mary B. Leonard, Catherine M. Gordon Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Only Yes Means Yes: Sexual Coercion in Rural Adolescent Relationships
Sexual consent is important to healthy relationships; however, sexual coercion is common. We examine modifiable risk and protective factors for sexual coercion among high school students in a rural community. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Amy J. Katz, Devon J. Hensel, Abby L. Hunt, Leigh S. Zaban, Monique M. Hensley, Mary A. Ott Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

Adolescent Dual Use Classification and Its Association With Nicotine Dependence and Quit Intentions
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarette) use is rapidly increasing in the U.S., especially among adolescents. A significant number of adolescents use both cigarettes and e-cigarettes, often referred to as dual use. We used a new classification of dual use, taking into account the frequency of use of both products. In addition, we examined the association between dual use with time to first cigarette after waking (a nicotine dependence measure) and quit intention. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 14, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Sunday Azagba, Lingpeng Shan, Keely Latham Tags: Original article Source Type: research

School-Based Physical Activity Interventions in Prevocational Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses
Literature detailing the effectiveness of school-based physical activity promotion interventions in prevocational adolescents was reviewed to identify effective intervention characteristics. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 12, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Joannis H. van de Kop, Willem G. van Kernebeek, Rene H.J. Otten, Huub M. Toussaint, Arnoud P. Verhoeff Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Tubo-Ovarian Abscesses in Nonsexually Active Adolescent Females: A Large Case Series
The aim of the study was to review the incidence, presentation, and management of tubo-ovarian abscesses (TOA) in nonsexually active (NSA) adolescents. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Julie Hakim, Krista J. Childress, Angela M. Hernandez, Jennifer L. Bercaw-Pratt Tags: Adolescent health brief Source Type: research

“I Couldn’t See a Downside”: Decision-Making About Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy
The aim of the article was to understand adolescents' and parents' decision-making process related to gender-affirming hormone therapy (GAHT). (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Thomas Daley, Daniel Grossoehme, Jenifer K. McGuire, Sarah Corathers, Lee Ann Conard, Ellen A. Lipstein Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Predictors of Discontinuation of Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Before 30  Months of Use by Adolescents and Young Women
The purpose of the article was to describe adolescent and young women's rates of discontinuation of intrauterine devices (IUDs) and contraceptive implants, the extent to which discontinuation is predicted by baseline factors, reasons for discontinuation, and subsequent contraceptive initiation. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Rebecca Cohen, Jeanelle Sheeder, Stephanie B. Teal Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Trends in Volume and Utilization Outcomes in Adolescent Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery at Children's Hospitals
This study describes trends in adolescent MBS volume and examines hospital resource utilization among patients undergoing MBS at children's hospitals. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Kathryn E. Kyler, Jessica L. Bettenhausen, Matthew Hall, Jason D. Fraser, Brooke Sweeney Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Food Insecurity and Unmet Needs Among Youth and Young Adults Living With HIV in the San Francisco Bay Area
Little is known about food insecurity and unmet subsistence needs and their association with antiretroviral therapy adherence among youth and young adults living with HIV (YLWH). (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Christian Reeder, Torsten B. Neilands, Kartika Palar, Parya Saberi Tags: Original article Source Type: research

A Matched Cohort Study of the Association Between Childhood Sexual Abuse and Teenage Pregnancy
This matched cohort study aims to determine whether teenagers with a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) are at greater risk of consulting for a pregnancy and related complications than teenagers from the general population. It also aims to compare provoked abortion, live births, and fetal losses of participants who were sexually abused in childhood and those of the general population. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Elisabeth Fortin-Langelier, Isabelle Daigneault, Julie Achim, Pascale V ézina-Gagnon, Violaine Guérin, Jean-Yves Frappier Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Adolescent Sexual Initiation: A Cross-Classified Multilevel Analysis of Peer Group-, School-, and Neighborhood-Level Influences
This study examines the simultaneous roles of neighborhood, school, and peer group contexts on variation in age of U.S. adolescent sexual initiation (coitarche). All three contexts have been shown to be important determinants of adolescent sexual and reproductive health outcomes but are typically examined separately, leaving a large gap in our understanding of their relative and joint importance. Furthermore, little is known about whether these contexts matter differently for boys and girls. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Kathryn M. Barker, S.V. Subramanian, Lisa Berkman, S. Bryn Austin, Clare R. Evans Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Longitudinal Social Network Analysis of Peer, Family, and School Contextual Influences on Adolescent Drinking Frequency
The aim of the study was to identify the mechanisms relating to parental control, adolescent secrecy, and school context that shape patterns of adolescent drinking frequency and appraise the implications for systems-level intervention. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Mark McCann, Julie-Ann Jordan, Kathryn Higgins, Laurence Moore Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Race-Related Traumatic Events Online and Mental Health Among Adolescents of Color
This study examines the association between exposure to such events online and mental health in a sample of African American and Latinx adolescents. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Brendesha M. Tynes, Henry A. Willis, Ashley M. Stewart, Matthew W. Hamilton Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Taking Stock of Dietary Supplements' Harmful Effects on Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults
The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between supplement categories and adverse events in children, adolescents, and young adults. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - June 5, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Flora Or, Yongjoo Kim, Juliana Simms, S. Bryn Austin Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Suicide Risk Assessment and Management Training Practices in Pediatric Residency Programs: A Nationwide Needs Assessment Survey
Youth suicide is a public health emergency, and its prevention is a national imperative. Pediatric providers are critical to risk assessment, triage, and intervention, yet little is known about the content, quality, and perceived adequacy of suicide prevention pediatric residency training. We thus sought to (1) characterize suicide risk assessment and management training practices in pediatric residency programs nationwide and (2) assess areas of training need to guide curricular development. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 22, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Lucy E. Schoen, Alyssa L. Bogetz, Melanie A. Hom, Rebecca A. Bernert Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Adolescent Drug Abuse in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Psychosocial Correlates, and Prevention
Hong Kong has devised strategies to tackle the problem of psychoactive drug abuse in adolescents since the mid-1990s. This paper sought to find out whether previous research and prevention work has made use of concepts and ideas that are akin to the Positive Youth Development (PYD) approach. The prospect of adopting PYD in Hong Kong's drug prevention system was explored. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Yuet-wah Cheung, Nicole W.T. Cheung Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Adolescent Reactive and Proactive Aggression, and Bullying in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Psychosocial Correlates, and Prevention
The negative impacts of aggressive bullying behavior by adolescents on both the bullies and victims are being increasingly recognized as social and economic problems. At the same time, there are alarming trends in face-to-face and online aggression and bullying behavior in Hong Kong. Since the 1970s, prevention and intervention programs to reduce bullying behavior have been implemented in schools in Western countries; however, antibullying and antiaggression programs in Hong Kong schools only began in the 2000s. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Annis Lai Chu Fung Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Youth Gambling in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Psychosocial Correlates, and Prevention
Youth gambling has long been considered a risk behavior and public health concern. Compared to Western literature, empirical studies on youth gambling in Hong Kong are scarce. The present review paper aims to provide an overall picture about the prevalence rates and psychosocial correlates of Hong Kong young people's gambling behaviors, as well as existing prevention/intervention measures. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Lu Yu, Cecilia Man Sze Ma Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Self-Harm and Suicide Among Children and Adolescents in Hong Kong: A Review of Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Prevention Strategies
This paper reviews the prevalence, risk factors, and effectiveness of prevention programs for self-harm and suicide among children and adolescents in Hong Kong. Youth suicide rates declined gradually over the past two decades, but it is alarming to see that self-harm, suicidal thoughts, and attempts are quite common among junior secondary students. Local studies identify psychopathology (especially depression) and family relationship issues as the most common risk factors of suicide and self-harm, and impulsive control issues are an additional factor contributing to self-harm. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Andrew M.H. Siu, Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Adolescent Mental Health Problems in Hong Kong: A Critical Review on Prevalence, Psychosocial Correlates, and Prevention
Adolescent mental health problems are a public health issue in Hong Kong and a review of the situation can have implications for intervention and prevention. This paper aims to review the available prevalence rates of mental health problems among adolescents in Hong Kong and examines the correlates of these conditions through a positive youth development (PYD) framework. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Winnie W.Y. Yuen, Lucia L. Liu, Samson Tse Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Adolescent Sexual Risk Behavior in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Protective Factors, and Sex Education Programs
This article provided a brief overview on the prevalence of sexual behaviors and attitudes among adolescents in Hong Kong. Compared with the West, Hong Kong adolescents are less sexually active; however, increasing rates and more liberal sexual attitudes have been reported over the decades. These worrying trends have caused great concern and begged the question of occurrences and the effectiveness of sex education programs. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Hildie Leung, Li Lin Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Adolescent Internet Addiction in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Psychosocial Correlates, and Prevention
The prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) and its correlates among Hong Kong adolescents and local prevention programs for adolescents ’ IA were reviewed and analyzed, with a view to identifying service gaps and making suggestions on ways forward. From 8 papers identified from ProQuest and EBSCOhost, published from 2009 to 2018, the local prevalence rates of IA in adolescents were noted to range from 3.0% to 26.8%, which was high er than that in other regions of the world. The more recent the studies, the higher the prevalence rate. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Thomas W.H. Chung, Simmy M.Y. Sum, Monique W.L. Chan Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Adolescent Smoking in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Psychosocial Correlates, and Prevention
This article reviews the prevalence, psychosocial correlates, and prevention of smoking in Hong Kong adolescents. The past 30-day smoking prevalence in adolescents decreased from 9.6% in 2003 to 2.5% in 2017. Tobacco advertisements, parental and best friends smoking, nonintact families, poor family relationships, lower socioeconomic status, being a new immigrant, poor knowledge of smoking-related harm, positive attitudes toward smoking, overestimation of peer smoking, and depressive symptoms were positively associated with smoking outcomes, whereas positive youth development, authoritative mother and permissive father, fam...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Sai Yin Ho, Jianjiu Chen, Lok Tung Leung, Hoi Yan Mok, Lijun Wang, Man Ping Wang, Tai Hing Lam Tags: Review article Source Type: research

“UNHAPPY” Environment for Adolescent Development in Hong Kong
According to the ecological perspective, factors at different ecological levels influence adolescent development. Although some factors shelter adolescents from heightened risks (i.e., protective factors), other factors increase the probability of occurrence of problem behaviors (i.e., risk factors). In this article, we focus primarily on the ecological risk factors that contribute to negative adolescent development in Hong Kong. Although some of them show similarities to other parts of the world, some are unique to the Hong Kong context. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Daniel T.L. Shek, Andrew M.H. Siu Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

How Can Hong Kong Use the Research Base for Prevention and Promotion Science to Improve the Well-Being of Its Adolescents?
This supplement includes a broad tour de force of the prevalence of adolescent behavioral health problems with attention to risk and protection when available and the effectiveness of prevention and promotion in cases when evidence exists from controlled trials. I examine two questions in this commentary: What do we know as a result of this supplement? How can worldwide prevention and promotion research provide a path forward to the benefit of Hong Kong children and adolescents as well as youth globally? (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Richard F. Catalano Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Adolescent Mental Health Policy and Services in Hong Kong: Seven Unresolved Problems Waiting for Solutions
With the economic growth of Hong Kong over the past few decades, medical services for adolescents have improved, and adolescent mortality rates are relatively lower when compared with other places, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, France, and Japan [1]. Unfortunately, despite general medical advances in Hong Kong, adolescent mental health policies, services, and research face several unresolved problems, which are reflected in the articles in this Supplement. From the perspective that “there is no health without mental health,” these problems are particularly noteworthy [2]. (...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Daniel T.L. Shek, Andrew M.H. Siu Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Promotion of Adolescent Mental Health in Hong Kong —The Role of a Comprehensive Child Health Policy
The mental well-being of adolescents in Hong Kong is an increasing concern in recent years as reflected by the upsurge of student suicide in 2016. In the 20  years review of the health situation of children and adolescents conducted by the Hong Kong Paediatric Foundation (HKPF) in 2017, we have identified three major health issues contributing to the mental health challenges in Hong Kong: (1) increasing mental health problems for children and adolescen ts; (2) periodic surge of youth suicide; and (3) enormous stress for parents, children, and youth. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Lilian Wong, Chok-wan Chan Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Meningococcal Vaccination Among Adolescents in the United States: A Tale of Two Age Platforms
This study aimed to identify factors associated with MenACWY uptake among adolescents. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 15, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Samantha K. Kurosky, Elizabeth Esterberg, Debra E. Irwin, Laurel Trantham, Elizabeth Packnett, Patricia Novy, Jane Whelan, Cosmina Hogea Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Association of Daily Rest-Activity Patterns With Adiposity and Cardiometabolic Risk Measures in Teens
Emerging data indicate that the timing and rhythms of energetic behaviors may influence metabolism and obesity risk. Our aim was to derive diurnal rest-activity patterns from actigraphy in adolescents and analyze associations with adiposity measures and cardiometabolic risk factors. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - May 2, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Mirja Quante, Elizabeth M. Cespedes Feliciano, Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman, Sara Mariani, Emily R. Kaplan, Michael Rueschman, Emily Oken, Elsie M. Taveras, Susan Redline Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Pathways for African American Success: Does Delivery Platform Matter in the Prevention of HIV Risk Vulnerability Among Youth?
Technology provides new possibilities for disseminating effective prevention programming to underserved families, such as those residing in rural communities. The present study is an evaluation of a technology-delivered HIV risk prevention program designed for rural African-American families, Pathways for African American Success (PAAS), to determine its promise for increasing access to evidence-based youth risk prevention programs among those in the greatest need. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 28, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Velma McBride Murry, Heather Hensman Kettrey, Cady Berkel, Misha N. Inniss-Thompson Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Gender and Race Informed Pathways From Childhood Sexual Abuse to Sexually Transmitted Infections: A Moderated Mediation Analysis Using Nationally Representative Data
Although data suggest child sexual abuse is linked with increased risk of contracting asexually transmitted infection (STI), the mechanisms through which these experiences are connected remain understudied. Moreover, there is a need to explore how race/ethnicity and gender influence these processes. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 28, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Rebecca L. Fix, Luciana C. Assini-Meytin, PhuongThao D. Le Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Moderating Role of Cortisol Reactivity on the Link Between Maltreatment and Body Mass Index Trajectory Across Adolescence
We examined these associations in boys and girls across adolescence. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 28, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Melissa K. Peckins, Sonya Negriff, Janet U. Schneiderman, Elana B. Gordis, Elizabeth J. Susman Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Intervention Increases Physical Activity and Healthful Diet Among South African Adolescents Over 54 Months: A Randomized Controlled Trial
We examined whether an intervention increased adherence to 5-a-day diet and physical activity guidelines during a 54-month postintervention period among South African adolescents and whether its effects weakened at long-term (42 and 54  months postintervention) compared with short-term (3, 6, and 12 months postintervention) follow-up. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - April 23, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: John B. Jemmott, Jingwen Zhang, Loretta S. Jemmott, Larry D. Icard, Zolani Ngwane, Monde Makiwane, Ann O'Leary Tags: Original article Source Type: research