Corneal Epithelial Hyperplasia after 5-Fluorouracil Injection
Conclusion: Our case demonstrates an unusual consequence of corneal epithelial hyperplasia developed after 5-FU injection.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:254 –256 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - April 24, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Genetic Background of a Recurrent Unusual Combined Form of Retinal Vein Occlusion: A Case Report
The authors report a rare case of nonischemic branch retinal vein occlusion and nonischemic hemiretinal vein occlusion in a patient with impaired fibrinolysis. A 61-year-old woman presented to the Department of Ophthalmology, Clinical Hospital Center Split, Croatia, with acute blurring of vision in the right eye (RE) due to branch retinal vein occlusion. Ophthalmologic evaluation revealed a best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 0.02 in the RE and of 1.0 in the left eye. Ophthalmoscopy and fluorescein angiography of the RE demonstrated signs of nonischemic branch retinal vein occlusion. She was otherwise healthy and had no...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - April 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Unusual Case of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease Associated with SAPHO Syndrome: A Case Report
A 66-year-old Japanese woman who was diagnosed with synovitis-acne-pustulosis-hyperostosis-osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome presented with bilateral blurred vision 4 months prior to visiting our hospital. She had visited a local ophthalmology clinic first. She was diagnosed with conjunctivitis and was prescribed antibacterial eye drops. The symptoms persisted in spite of treatment. She was then referred to our hospital. At her initial visit, the visual acuities were 0.6 in both eyes. A slit-lamp examination revealed bilateral shallow anterior chamber, and intraocular pressures of 18 mm Hg in the right eye and 16 mm Hg in the left...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - March 29, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Topical Corticosteroid-Resolved Rubeosis Iridis with Neovascular Glaucoma Caused by Noninfectious Granulomatous Uveitis
Conclusion: Topical corticosteroid could resolve rubeosis iridis and NVG in an eye with noninfectious anterior uveitis. The pathogenesis of NVG in eyes with uveitis is still unknown, but inflammation might have a part in angiogenesis. Anti-inflammatory treatment can be selected as the first choice for anterior uveitis-associated NVG.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:243 –247 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - March 28, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Secondary Angle Closure due to Crystalline Lens Dislocation in a Patient with Atopic Dermatitis and Chronic Eye Rubbing
Conclusions: It is important for the provider to consider ectopia lentis in the differential for patients with pupillary block angle closure. For patients with atopic disease, one should be aware that eye rubbing may be a cause of zonular dehiscence, even in the absence of reported trauma or prior intraocular surgery.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:197 –201 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - March 23, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Intraoperative Adjunctive Mitomycin C and Cryotherapy for Recurrent Conjunctival Papillary Sebaceous Carcinoma
Conclusion and Importance: Although sebaceous carcinoma usually originates from the meibomian gland cells or less frequently from the Zeis or Moll gland cells, it rarely occurs from bulbar or palpebral conjunctival cells. Because sebaceous carcinoma sometimes shows a pagetoid growth pattern, it can recur even after en bloc resection with a negative study for tumor cells at the surgical margins. The recurrent sebaceous carcinoma cells showed an intraepithelial growth pattern. Considering this superficial growth property, it may be effective to apply intraoperative mitomycin C and cryotherapy treatment combined with surgical...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - March 23, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Triamcinolone Acetonide-Assisted Descemetectomy for Retained Descemet Membrane
We present a case of decreased vision due to the presence of retained Descemet membrane (DM) following Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) and penetrating keratoplasty (PKP). A 78-year-old male presented postoperatively from PKP after previous failed DSAEK with retained DM. We present a unique technique for combined surgical resection using bimanual vitrectomy and forceps excision assisted by triamcinolone acetonide for membrane visualization. Histopathological evaluation confirmed incomplete DM removal during the PKP. With surgical excision, there was an improvement in best spectacle-corrected vi...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - March 23, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Adult Coats Disease Presenting as Subfoveal Nodule
A 21-year-old female presented with decreased vision in the right eye. Best corrected visual acuity was 6/60 in the right eye and 6/6 in the left eye. Funduscopy of the right eye revealed a subfoveal nodule with surrounding exudates and temporal peripheral retinal vessel telangiectasia with exudation. The patient underwent retinal laser in the areas of telangiectatic vessels and capillary non-perfusion as seen on fundus fluorescein angiography. It was combined with an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab which was repeated twice at monthly intervals. The macular lesion and peripheral vessels along with subretinal exudates...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - March 23, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Wheel Spokes Technique for Endothelial Keratoplasty for Extremely Mydriatic Bullous Keratopathy Eyes without Capsular Support
We describe a new technique to prevent an endothelial donor graft from dropping into the vitreous cavity during non-Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (nDSAEK) for extremely mydriatic bullous keratopathy (BK) eyes without capsular support. The patient was a 79-year-old woman who underwent nDSAEK for an extremely mydriatic BK eye with an incomplete barrier between the anterior and posterior chambers. She had undergone argon laser iridotomy for acute glaucoma at the age of 59 years and cataract surgery 3 years later. The pupil was extremely mydriatic as a result of iris sphincter muscle damage associated w...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - March 23, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Long-Term Follow-Up of Congenital Simple Hamartoma of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium: A Case Report
Conclusion: It is important to follow a CSHRPE carefully over the long term because visual acuity might decrease.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:215 –220 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - March 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Unilateral Vision Loss after a Dental Visit
We describe the case of a 38-year-old young man who had reduced vision in the left eye 5 days after having received intraoral local anesthesia. A diagnosis of cilioretinal artery occlusion with optic disc swelling was made. Ten weeks later, the patient ’s visual acuity had increased to 20/20, and the swelling of the optic disc had subsided. Although various possible mechanisms for ocular complications after intraoral local anesthetic administration were suggested in the literature, the exact etiology remains unclear. In this case, inadvertent in travascular injection is believed to be the cause.Case Rep Ophthalmol 20...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - March 14, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Erratum
Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:166 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - March 2, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Posterior Wall Collapse in High Myopia following Cataract Surgery
Conclusion: This case demonstrates postoperative hypotony in a patient with pathologic myopia, following cataract surgery. Pathologically myopic eyes may have greater propensity to collapse in the setting of reduced IOP.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:167 –171 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - March 2, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

One-Year Outcome of Aflibercept and Photodynamic Therapy in a Caucasian Patient with Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy Refractory to Ranibizumab and Photodynamic Therapy
Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) is a subtype of neovascular age-related macular degeneration characterised by an abnormal branching vascular network with aneurysmal polypoidal choroidal vascular lesions. PCV is more prevalent in Asian populations than in Caucasians, which may explain its underdiagnosis in Western countries. Evidence regarding the efficacy of different anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents on PCV is scarce, with most of these studies being conducted in Asian treatment-na ïve patients. Ranibizumab was the first anti-VEGF agent to demonstrate the superiority of a combination ...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - March 2, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Intraocular Lens Dislocation after Cataract Surgery in Tambolaka, Southwest Sumba, Indonesia: A Case Report
Intraocular lens (IOL) dislocation is a rare complication of cataract extraction requiring prompt surgery. This case report aims to raise awareness of such cases and the importance of post-surgery follow-up. A 58-year-old female patient was found with anterior IOL dislocation a week after phacoemulsification surgery in her right eye. Visual acuity of the right eye was 1/60 with ciliary injection and IOL dislocation to the anterior chamber of the right eye. The patient underwent surgery of the right eye and the IOL haptic was found to be broken. In this case report, the factors affecting IOL dislocation are axis length, bro...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - March 2, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Amnwiotic Membrane Transplantation as a Treatment for Sterile Infiltration and Corneal Melting after Corneal Crosslinking for Keratoconus
We report a case of corneal melting through sterile infiltration presumably due to excessive use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory eye drops after corneal crosslinking (CXL). It was treated using steroids combined with amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT). A 33-year-old man with progressing keratoconus underwent left eye CXL. We prescribed betamethasone and levofloxacin eye drops 5 times daily and diclofenac sodium eye drops 3 times daily for 3 days. Three days after CXL, there was a persistent epithelial defect and the left corneal stroma was clouded. His visual acuity remained unchanged. We prescribed betamethasone ho...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - March 2, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Diagnostic and Management Tool for Monitoring Patients Implanted with a Shape-Changing Corneal Inlay
We report two cases that underwent corneal inlay implantation under a femtosecond flap. The first case had no complications during the postoperative period. Pentacam maps remained stable over time: corneal densitometry (CD) values had less than 2 units of change across visits up to 3 years. Axial/sagittal topography maps showed a stable Kmax ( ∼47 D), i.e., less than 1 D change between visits. The second case developed haze at 8 months postoperatively. CD increased by more than 4 units from 3 to 8 M and Kmax increased by 2.6 D. The patient was prescribed steroids and 1 month later the haze regressed, resulting in pre-h...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - March 2, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Post-Ocular Trauma Corneal Staphyloma in a Child Living in an Underdeveloped Region of Eastern Indonesia
We report a case of post-trauma corneal staphyloma in an underdeveloped region of eastern Indonesia to illustrate the importance of proper management of ocular trauma in areas lacking such expertise and where patients have difficulty accessing even basic health care. During a community health outreach in Southwest Sumba, eastern Indonesia in May 2017, a 7-year-old boy presented with white protrusion of the left eye of 3 years ’ duration following an event of sharp trauma. The patient lived in an inaccessible and impoverished area. Upon contemporary examination, visual acuity of the left eye was 1/300 while that of th...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - February 23, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

A Case of Neurotrophic Keratopathy Associated with Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
Conclusion: Neurotrophic keratopathy secondary to NPC is thought to be rare. We presented a case of neurotrophic keratopathy associated with cavernous sinus metastasis of an NPC. The development of new and more effective treatments for this refractory disease is anticipated.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:114 –118 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - February 16, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Uneventful Anterior Migration of Intravitreal Ozurdex Implant in a Patient with Iris-Sutured Intraocular Lens and Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty
Conclusion: A conservative approach with regular monitoring in the situation of a quiet anterior segment without any corneal decompensation can provide enough time for the implant to dissolve without causing any complication to the involved eye, avoiding any additional surgical intervention, as presented in this case report. Despite the fact that the implant was left for natural dissolution, there were no adverse effects related to the graft or the eye.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:143 –148 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - February 14, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Rapid Capsular Contraction with Secondary Intraocular Lens Dislocation Associated with Unspecified Rod-Cone Dystrophy: A Case Report
Conclusion: Rapid and severe anterior capsular contraction following cataract surgery is rare but appears to be associated with rod-cone dystrophy.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:149 –153 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - February 14, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Optical Coherence Tomography Examination of the Anterior Segment in a Case of Corneal Perforation and Lens Trauma by Chestnut Burr
We report a case of corneal perforation and damaged anterior lens capsule due to a chestnut burr, using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). A 67-year-old woman with a chestnut burr injury in her right eye was referred to our hospital. Her right best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.8. Slit-lamp examination and AS-OCT showed perforation involving the endothelial layer at the center of the cornea. The iris and anterior lens capsule were damaged. Cell infiltration was observed around the wound. Bacterial examination showed gram-positive cocci but no fungi. The patient was diagnosed with a corneal perfo...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - February 14, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

A Rare Form of Corneal Opacity Associated with Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Congenita
A 13-year-old Japanese female diagnosed with spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita (SEDC) was referred for ophthalmologic evaluation. Examination with slit-lamp and optical coherence tomography revealed bilateral thin cornea with diffuse corneal opacity which was localised at the posterior stromal depth in the central cornea. Unlike the two previously reported cases of diffuse and nodular patterns of corneal opacity in SEDC, the current case exhibited a rare form of corneal opacity. SEDC is one of the type II collagenopathies, characterised by dwarfism because the mutations in COL2A1 prevent bone growth. Although the exis...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - February 9, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Isolated Medial Orbital Wall Fracture Associated with Enophthalmos in a Paediatric Patient: An Unusual Presentation
Conclusions: We conclude that surgical intervention and intravenous treatment are not warranted in similar cases of medial orbital wall fracture. Medical history, clinical and paraclinical evaluations, and a regular follow-up, including CT, are needed though to avoid complications such as painful abduction, horizontal diplopia, pseudo sixth nerve paresis, or pseudo Duane.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:126 –131 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - February 8, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Ocular Injury due to Potassium Permanganate Granules
Conclusion: Ocular injury with the granular form of KMnO4 is rare. Its toxicity is comparable to concentrated KMnO4 solution. However, the dissolved particles that had been absorbed in the stained conjunctiva were continuously released and damaged the ocular surface more than we primarily anticipated. Awareness of this condition and prompt management yield a good treatment outcome.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:132 –137 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - February 8, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy Associated with Desmopressin Nasal Spray: Causality or Unfortunate Association
Conclusion: We suggest that desmopressin-induced hypercortisolism might implicate the development of CSCR in some patients. A larger study on patients using desmopressin nasal spray would be beneficial to confirm the possible association between this form of therapy and the development of CSCR.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:120 –125 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - February 6, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Alternating Hypotropia with Pseudoptosis: A New Phenotype of Congenital Cranial Dysinnervation Disorder
We report a case of bilateral dysinnervation disorder causing atypical ocular movements in both eyes as the patient changes fixation from one eye to the other and from right gaze to left gaze that fits with the wider diagnosis of CCDDs.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:96 –101 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - February 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

A Case of Fundus Oculi Albinoticus Diagnosed as Angelman Syndrome by Genetic Testing
Conclusions: When fundus oculi albinoticus and optic atrophy are observed in patients with multiple malformations, AS should be considered as a differential diagnosis.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:102 –107 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - February 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Autologous Transplantation of the Internal Limiting Membrane for Refractory Macular Hole following Ruptured Retinal Arterial Macroaneurysm: A Case Report
Conclusions: Autologous ILM transplantation can be an effective treatment option for MH closure following RAMA rupture.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:113 –119 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - February 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of Foveal Neovascularization in Diabetic Retinopathy
Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge this is the first report of OCT-A imaging of foveal neovascularization in diabetic retinopathy. OCT-A is a very useful examination for the diagnostic investigation of patients with diabetic retinopathy.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:87 –91 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - January 29, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy Associated with Optic Disc Coloboma
Conclusion: PCV associated with optic disc coloboma has not been previously reported. The morphological abnormality of choroidal cavitation and choroidal excavation connecting with optic disc coloboma may contribute to the development of PCV in this case.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:92 –95 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - January 29, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Association of Optic Nerve Head Drusen with Best Vitelliform Macular Dystrophy: A Case Series
Conclusion: We report the association of BVMD with ONH drusen in 5 patients. This combination has previously been reported only once. We recommend that patients with a diagnosis of BVMD undergo autofluorescence and ultrasound imaging of the optic nerve to help facilitate this diagnosis, as some ONH drusen can be buried.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:76 –86 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - January 26, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Clinical Efficacy and Safety of the EX-PRESS Filtration Device in Patients with Advanced Neovascular Glaucoma and Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy
Conclusion: EX-PRESS filtration device has a good IOP-lowering effect and a low rate of complications in patients with advanced NVG associated with PDR. In addition, there was no loss of light perception or no line decrease of the BCVA.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:61 –69 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - January 23, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Two Cases of Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Associated with Asteroid Hyalosis
Conclusions: RRD associated with AH presents with stronger vitreoretinal adhesion compared to typical RRD, thus requiring a more complicated surgical technique to properly treat the patient.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:43 –48 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - January 17, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Repair of Traumatic Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Combined with Congenital Falciform Retinal Detachment
Conclusion: We concluded that the root of the FRD is susceptible to trauma because of the contraction of fibrovascular tissue. The early intervention of modern vitrectomy to traumatic rhegmatogenous retinal detachment complicating a previously known FRD is an important consideration for enhanced quality of care and optimal patient outcomes.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:49 –53 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - January 17, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Tamoxifen Use in a Patient with Idiopathic Macular Telangiectasia Type 2
We report a unique case of nonproliferative MacTel2 in a 36-year-old Hispanic woman with tamoxifen use and the vision outcome 30 months after cessation of tamoxifen. The FA and optical coherence tomography angiography findings of this patient support the diagnosis of MacTel2, but her cessation of tamoxifen led to partial reversal of the topographic findings and improvement in visual acuity. This patient is also unique in the unusually young age of presentation for MacTel2. Our case supports that there are common pathways in the pathogenesis of tamoxifen retinopathy and MacTel2, and tamoxifen use could potentially accelerat...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - January 17, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Periorbital Necrobiotic Xanthogranuloma Successfully Treated with Intravenous Immunoglobulin
Conclusions: This case demonstrates the ophthalmologist ’s critical role in the diagnosis and management of NXG, as early detection cannot only prevent ophthalmic consequences such as ocular perforation and blindness, but also prompt further investigation that may reveal an underlying disorder or systemic involvement, including hematologic malignancy a s in this case. NXG has been effectively treated with IVIG in a handful of reported cases. To the author’s knowledge, this is the third case of periorbital NXG successfully treated with IVIG, and the first in the ophthalmic literature.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:7...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - January 17, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

< b > < i > Phthirus pubis < /i > < /b > Infestation of the Eyelids Presenting as Chronic Blepharoconjunctivitis in a 6-Year-Old Girl: A Case Report
Conclusion: Careful slit-lamp examination of the eyelashes should be done in all patients presenting with ocular irritation symptoms.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:30 –34 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - January 10, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

The Safety and Effectiveness of a Novel Annular Keratopigmentation Method: A Case Report
Conclusion: This procedure is a promising safe and effective option for those who want annular keratopigmentation for aesthetic reasons.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:35 –42 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - January 10, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Patch Grafting Using an Ologen Collagen Matrix to Manage Tubal Exposure in Glaucoma Tube Shunt Surgery
Conclusions: The ologen Collagen Matrix can be used successfully as a patch graft to prevent and treat tubal exposure after tube shunt surgery.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:9 –16 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - January 5, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

A Case of Retinal Detachment with Unique Optical Coherence Tomography Findings after Gamma Knife ® Radiosurgery Treatment for Choroidal Melanoma
Conclusion: In this case, an inner retinal break was formed by the vitreoretinal traction around the scarred tumor and radiation retinopathy, thus suggesting the possibility of the development of a rhegmatogenous retinal detachment presumably complicated with an outer retinal break.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:17 –23 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - January 5, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Intravenous Drug Use-Associated < b > < i > Scopulariopsis < /i > < /b > Endophthalmitis Treated with Systemic and Intravitreal Voriconazole
Conclusions:Scopulariopsis is a rare cause of endophthalmitis, and is often difficult to treat due to its resistance to commonly used antifungals. This case is the first report ofScopulariopsis endophthalmitis secondary to i.v. drug use.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:37 –42 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - January 5, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Case Report of a Family Affected by Stickler Syndrome in Which Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Occurred in Five Eyes of Three Siblings
Conclusions: The findings of this study showed a high prevalence of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in a single family with Stickler syndrome. In these cases, scleral buckling surgery was effective for treating the detached retina, and some prophylactic treatment, such as laser photocoagulation to prevent the occurrence of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, should be considered for such cases in the future.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018;9:1 –8 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - January 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Full-Thickness Macular Hole Formation in the Postoperative Period After Initial Vitrectomy for Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment
Conclusion: ERM was identified in the cases examined in our study. The presence of an intentional hole might shorten the interval of MH formation after vitrectomy for rRD.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2017;8:595 –601 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - December 21, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Chronic Orbital Inflammation Associated to Hydroxyapatite Implants in Anophthalmic Sockets
Conclusions: Chronic inflammation can occur decades after placement of an HA implant in the orbit and can be successfully treated with implant removal.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2017;8:574 –580 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - December 21, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Bitot ’s Spots following Bariatric Surgery: An Ocular Manifestation of a Systemic Disease
Conclusions: Nutritional deficiencies following bariatric surgery are common and can be disruptive to normal systemic health and visual function. Given that the number of patients pursuing bariatric surgery for weight loss management has increased over the past 50 years, eye care professionals should be aware of the ophthalmic manifestations associated with micronutrient deficiency.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2017;8:581 –589 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - December 21, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Intralenticular Ozurdex ® – One Year Later
Reported here is a case of intralenticular sustained-release dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex ®, Allergan, Irvine, CA, USA) present for 1 year with effective treatment of refractory diabetic macular edema without rapid cataract formation. The crystalline lens remained stable for 12 months on exam despite the presence of the steroid-secreting foreign body. The diabetic macular edema resolved on exam and on optical coherence tomography. After 1 year, cataract extraction was uneventfully performed by phacoemulsification for a mild decline in visual acuity. Macular edema remains resolved 2 months following cataract removal. ...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - December 21, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Refractive Lens Exchange with Multifocal Intraocular Lens for Treatment of Chronic Intermittent Spasm of the Near Reflex
We report the case of an emmetropic 32-year-old female with decreased uncorrected visual acuity and diplopia due to intermittent episodes of spasm of the near reflex. Neurologic, general, and ophthalmic examination could not find an organic cause. Attempts at spontaneous recovery, psychogenic therapy, and cycloplegic therapy were unsuccessful and the symptoms persisted for almost 5 years, leading to psychogenic distress. Final treatment with refractive lens exchange and implantation of a toric trifocal intraocular lens resolved the spasm of the near reflex, resulting in an uncorrected distance and near visual acuity of 20/...
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - December 14, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Application of Arterial Spin Labelling in Detecting Retinal Ischemia
Conclusion: Decreased chorioretinal perfusion is a multifactorial event and has been implicated in several posterior eye pathologies. Based on our current results, it seems that ischemia of the eye could be due to anatomy (tissue volume) and/or functionality (arterial flow).Case Rep Ophthalmol 2017;8:545 –557 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - December 14, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Unilateral Keratoconus after Chronic Eye Rubbing by the Nondominant Hand
Discussion: This case report supports the hypothesis of mechanical fatigue of the cornea due to repetitive shear stress on the surface caused by eye-rubbing.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2017;8:558 –561 (Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology)
Source: Case Reports in Ophthalmology - December 14, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research