Colorectal cancer survival rates in Makassar, Eastern Indonesia: A retrospective Cohort Study
CONCLUSION: There were significant differences in the OS rate according to age, histopathology, stage, and history of definitive surgery. Histopathology, stage, history of definitive surgery, and chemotherapy and radiotherapy were significantly associated with differences in the RFS rate.PMID:35059192 | PMC:PMC8760491 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103211 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 21, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Ibrahim Labeda Ronald Erasio Lusikooy None Mappincara Muhammad Iwan Dani Samuel Sampetoding Muhammad Ihwan Kusuma Julianus Aboyaman Uwuratuw Erwin Syarifuddin Arham Arsyad Muhammad Faruk Source Type: research

Surgical patient satisfaction with a virtual hybrid care hotel model: A retrospective cohort study
CONCLUSION: The Mayo Clinic hybrid Care Hotel, combining both in-person and virtual modes of medical care, provides a good overall experience for patients following low-risk surgeries and procedures.PMID:35059193 | PMC:PMC8760461 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2022.103251 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 21, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Ryan M Chadha Margaret R Paulson Francisco R Avila Ricardo A Torres-Guzman Karla Maita John P Garcia Antonio J Forte Michael J Maniaci Source Type: research

Giant duodenal diverticulum with mucinous carcinoma of distal bile duct, mimmicking Lemmel syndrome: A rare case report
CONCLUSION: Giant duodenal diverticulum with bile obstruction is very rare and challenging in diagnosis and treatment. The other cause of obstruction should be considered such as mucinous carcinoma of distal CBD.PMID:35059194 | PMC:PMC8760494 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2022.103253 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 21, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Bernardus Parish Budiono Melissa Angela Chionardes Sigit Adi Prasetyo Ignatius Riwanto Source Type: research

Unilateral duplicated collecting system and ureter with severe hydroureteronephrosis and ectopic ureter insertion of upper pole moiety: A case report
CONCLUSION: Understanding embryology, symptoms, imaging modality, and complications are necessary to consider this diagnosis for early detection. Ultrasonography and abdominal CT with contrast can be used to diagnose the urinary tract anomalies, especially duplicated urinary systems with ectopic ureter insertion.PMID:35059195 | PMC:PMC8760477 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2022.103255 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 21, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Melissa Angela Chionardes Aldrich Kurniawan Liemarto Siska Liana Gunardi Source Type: research

Ocular manifestations of COVID-19: facts and figures from a tertiary care center
CONCLUSION: The occurrence of ocular manifestations was lower compared to the present literature. There was no significant association between the occurrence of ocular manifestations and the patient's gender or comorbidities.PMID:35060821 | DOI:10.1080/07853890.2022.2029554 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 21, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Nissar Shaikh Huda Al Mahdi Anant Pai Ankush Pathare Ahmad A Abujaber Ashwin Dsliva Mahmood Al-Jabry Kumran Subramanian Saju Thomas Ahmed S Mohmed Shahzad Anjum Abdulqadir J Nashwan Mohammad Al Wraidat Mohamad Y Khatib Source Type: research

A practical nomogram based on systemic inflammatory markers for predicting portal vein thrombosis in patients with liver cirrhosis
This study aimed to establish an easy-to-use nomogram based on systemic inflammatory markers to predict portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in patients with liver cirrhosis.PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 478 patients with cirrhosis between January 2013 and January 2021. Reputed systemic inflammatory markers (systemic immune-inflammation index [SII], neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio [NLR], monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio [MLR], and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR)) were measured, and the clinical data were recorded. The independent risk factors for PVT were determined using univariate analyses and multivariat...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 21, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Yueyi Xing Zibin Tian Yueping Jiang Ge Guan Qinghui Niu Xueguo Sun Rongshuang Han Xue Jing Source Type: research

Cross-views of positive or negative COVID psychiatric patients on their experience of the health crisis in a COVID unit during the first wave
Conclusion: In the light of this work, the repercussions of this crisis, during the first wave, were generally well experienced by our patients, in the psychiatric environment, with a good awareness of the stakes and the risks incurred but also with a glimmer of hope for a resolution of the situation soon. Finally, most of the psychiatric patients in this sample behaved as respectful citizens during this first wave of confinement.PMID:35043021 | PMC:PMC8758334 | DOI:10.1016/j.amp.2022.01.005 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 19, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Hammadi Ben Rejeb Cl émence Isaac Dominique Januel Source Type: research

Clinical condition, Resuscitation and Medical-Psychological Care of Severe COVID-19 patients (part 2)
Ann Med Psychol (Paris). 2022 Jan 13. doi: 10.1016/j.amp.2022.01.002. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRespiratory rehabilitation is the penultimate step in the medical management of patients with severe COPD-19. It is an essential step before patients' returning home, and is usually carried out in specialised Follow-up and Rehabilitation Clinics. When discharged from hospital, patients with post-severe COVID-19 usually progress in their medical condition. However, they may remain frail and have a constant fear of possible deterioration leading to (re)hospitalisation and a return to baseline. Psychological support in this pha...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 18, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Zeev Maoz Isabelle Huet Jean-Luc Sudres Jean-Pierre Bouchard Source Type: research

COVID-19 associated vasculitis: A systematic review of case reports and case series
Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2022 Jan 13:103249. doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2022.103249. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTVasculitis is one of the complications of COVID-19. We conducted a systematic review analysing the association of COVID-19 with vasculitis. We searched Google Scholar and PubMed from December 1, 2019, to October 11, 2021. The review included 8 studies (7 case reports and 1 case series) reporting 9 cases of vasculitis secondary to COVID-19. The mean age was 29.17 ± 28.2 years, ranging from 6 months to 83 years. The male to female ratio was 4:5. Maculopapular, violaceous, papular and erythematous rash were common. H...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 18, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Kalai Wong Mir Umer Farooq Alam Shah Maman Khurshid Irfan Ullah Muhammad Junaid Tahir Zohaib Yousaf Source Type: research

Contact dermatitis due to personal protective equipment use and hygiene practices during the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review of case reports
CONCLUSION: This study finds pertinent links between PPE use and contact dermatitis during the COVID-19 pandemic. While many cases are bound to go underreported in literature, well-designed, large-scale studies in the future may help promote these associations in a more comprehensive manner.PMID:35039780 | PMC:PMC8755461 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2022.103254 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 18, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Zouina Sarfraz Azza Sarfraz Muzna Sarfraz Miguel Felix Jonathan A Bernstein Luz Fonacier Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda Source Type: research

Automated recognition of functioning, activity and participation in COVID-19 from electronic patient records by natural language processing: a proof- of- concept
CONCLUSION: Using a limited amount of annotated EHR sentences, a proof-of-concept was obtained for automated functional assessment of COVID-19 patients in ICF categories and levels. This allows for instantaneous assessment of the functional consequences of new diseases like COVID-19 for large numbers of patients.Key messagesHospitalised Covid-19 survivors may persistently suffer from low physical and mental functioning and a reduction in overall quality of life requiring appropriate and personalised rehabilitation strategies.For this, assessment of functioning within multiple domains and categories of the International Cla...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 18, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Carel G M Meskers Sabina van der Veen Jenia Kim Caroline J W Meskers Quirine T S Smit Stella Verkijk Edwin Geleijn Guy A M Widdershoven Piek T J M Vossen Marike van der Leeden Source Type: research

Clinical condition, Resuscitation and Medical-Psychological Care of Severe COVID-19 patients (part 2)
Ann Med Psychol (Paris). 2022 Jan 13. doi: 10.1016/j.amp.2022.01.002. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRespiratory rehabilitation is the penultimate step in the medical management of patients with severe COPD-19. It is an essential step before patients' returning home, and is usually carried out in specialised Follow-up and Rehabilitation Clinics. When discharged from hospital, patients with post-severe COVID-19 usually progress in their medical condition. However, they may remain frail and have a constant fear of possible deterioration leading to (re)hospitalisation and a return to baseline. Psychological support in this pha...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 18, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Zeev Maoz Isabelle Huet Jean-Luc Sudres Jean-Pierre Bouchard Source Type: research

COVID-19 associated vasculitis: A systematic review of case reports and case series
Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2022 Jan 13:103249. doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2022.103249. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTVasculitis is one of the complications of COVID-19. We conducted a systematic review analysing the association of COVID-19 with vasculitis. We searched Google Scholar and PubMed from December 1, 2019, to October 11, 2021. The review included 8 studies (7 case reports and 1 case series) reporting 9 cases of vasculitis secondary to COVID-19. The mean age was 29.17 ± 28.2 years, ranging from 6 months to 83 years. The male to female ratio was 4:5. Maculopapular, violaceous, papular and erythematous rash were common. H...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 18, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Kalai Wong Mir Umer Farooq Alam Shah Maman Khurshid Irfan Ullah Muhammad Junaid Tahir Zohaib Yousaf Source Type: research

Contact dermatitis due to personal protective equipment use and hygiene practices during the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review of case reports
CONCLUSION: This study finds pertinent links between PPE use and contact dermatitis during the COVID-19 pandemic. While many cases are bound to go underreported in literature, well-designed, large-scale studies in the future may help promote these associations in a more comprehensive manner.PMID:35039780 | PMC:PMC8755461 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2022.103254 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 18, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Zouina Sarfraz Azza Sarfraz Muzna Sarfraz Miguel Felix Jonathan A Bernstein Luz Fonacier Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda Source Type: research

Automated recognition of functioning, activity and participation in COVID-19 from electronic patient records by natural language processing: a proof- of- concept
CONCLUSION: Using a limited amount of annotated EHR sentences, a proof-of-concept was obtained for automated functional assessment of COVID-19 patients in ICF categories and levels. This allows for instantaneous assessment of the functional consequences of new diseases like COVID-19 for large numbers of patients.Key messagesHospitalised Covid-19 survivors may persistently suffer from low physical and mental functioning and a reduction in overall quality of life requiring appropriate and personalised rehabilitation strategies.For this, assessment of functioning within multiple domains and categories of the International Cla...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 18, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Carel G M Meskers Sabina van der Veen Jenia Kim Caroline J W Meskers Quirine T S Smit Stella Verkijk Edwin Geleijn Guy A M Widdershoven Piek T J M Vossen Marike van der Leeden Source Type: research

A cross-sectional study of gastrointestinal manifestations in COVID-19 Egyptian patients
CONCLUSIONS: GI symptoms are prevalent among COVID-19 patients, the most common which were vomiting and diarrhea and were associated with COVID-19 severity.PMID:35035951 | PMC:PMC8748210 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103234 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 17, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Ahmed Abozaid Ahmed Teima Amany Abas Amer Lamiaa I Mohammed Zeinab A Kasemy Samar Ha Aloshari Mohamed Meligy Ahmed Ahmed Abuamer Ahmed Shabaan Hassan Ahmed Elzohry Sayed F Abdelwahab Heba Mohamed Abdallah Sabry Moawad Abdelmageed Mohamed A Sakr Mohamed Ab Source Type: research

Plasmapherisis in Covid-19 patient under ECMO: A Moroccan case report experience
CONCLUSION: Reduction of cytokines by plasmapheresis may be very useful in the management of Covid-19 infection if it is undertaken early even on an ECMO circuit.PMID:35035952 | PMC:PMC8743489 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2022.103250 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 17, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Ilyass Laaribi Safaa Kachmar Zakaria Bouayed Hamza Mimouni Ikram Mekkaoui Abdelilah El Rhalete Amine El Mouhib Houssam Bkiyar Brahim Housni Source Type: research

Increased incidence of melanoma in children and adolescents in Finland in 1990-2014: nationwide re-evaluation of histopathological characteristics
CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of cutaneous melanoma has clearly increased among the young in Finland, especially among adolescents. No evidence for overdiagnosis of Spitzoid melanomas as the underlying cause of the increased incidence was observed.Key messageA nationwide retrospective re-evaluation of the cutaneous melanomas recorded in the Finnish Cancer Registry among patients aged 0-19 years in Finland in 1990-2014 revealed an approximately 4-fold increase in the incidence. The increase in the incidence was most prominent among adolescents and in the Spitzoid melanoma subtype. Our results contrast those reported in other c...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 17, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Emma K Rousi Roope A Kallionp ää Roosa E Kallionp ää Susanna M Juteau Lauri A I Talve Micaela M Hernberg Pia P Vihinen Veli-Matti K ähäri Ilkka O Koskivuo Source Type: research

Effect of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
CONCLUSION: Yoga and Tai Chi showed a significant improvement in the FEV1% predicted value. Also, pulmonary rehabilitation program improved the exercise capacity, the quality of life, and dyspnoea in patients with COPD.Key messagesA total of 39 trials involving 2,397 participants with COPD were evaluated.We found that patients who received pulmonary rehabilitation program had significant improvement in the 6MWT, St. George Respiratory Questionnaire score, and the modified British Medical Research Council score as compared to those who received usual care.Yoga and Tai Chi showed significant improvement in the FEV1% predicte...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 17, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Hong Zhang Dandan Hu Yikai Xu Lixia Wu Liming Lou Source Type: research

Identification of prognostic biomarkers in papillary renal cell carcinoma and PTTG1 may serve as a biomarker for predicting immunotherapy response
This study aims to identify potential prognostic and therapeutic biomarkers in papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC).METHODS: Two microarray datasets were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks and functional annotations of DEGs were established. Survival analysis was utilized to evaluate the prognostic significance of the DEGs and the association between the expression level of candidate biomarkers and various tumour-infiltrating immune cells was explored. The role of PTTG1 in tumour microenvironme...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 17, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Xi Tian Wen-Hao Xu Fu-Jiang Xu Hui Li Aihetaimujiang Anwaier Hong-Kai Wang Fang-Ning Wan Yu- Zhu Da-Long Cao Yi-Ping Zhu Guo-Hai Shi Yuan-Yuan Qu Hai-Liang Zhang Ding-Wei Ye Source Type: research

A cross-sectional study of gastrointestinal manifestations in COVID-19 Egyptian patients
CONCLUSIONS: GI symptoms are prevalent among COVID-19 patients, the most common which were vomiting and diarrhea and were associated with COVID-19 severity.PMID:35035951 | PMC:PMC8748210 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103234 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 17, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Ahmed Abozaid Ahmed Teima Amany Abas Amer Lamiaa I Mohammed Zeinab A Kasemy Samar Ha Aloshari Mohamed Meligy Ahmed Ahmed Abuamer Ahmed Shabaan Hassan Ahmed Elzohry Sayed F Abdelwahab Heba Mohamed Abdallah Sabry Moawad Abdelmageed Mohamed A Sakr Mohamed Ab Source Type: research

Plasmapherisis in Covid-19 patient under ECMO: A Moroccan case report experience
CONCLUSION: Reduction of cytokines by plasmapheresis may be very useful in the management of Covid-19 infection if it is undertaken early even on an ECMO circuit.PMID:35035952 | PMC:PMC8743489 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2022.103250 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 17, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Ilyass Laaribi Safaa Kachmar Zakaria Bouayed Hamza Mimouni Ikram Mekkaoui Abdelilah El Rhalete Amine El Mouhib Houssam Bkiyar Brahim Housni Source Type: research

Increased incidence of melanoma in children and adolescents in Finland in 1990-2014: nationwide re-evaluation of histopathological characteristics
CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of cutaneous melanoma has clearly increased among the young in Finland, especially among adolescents. No evidence for overdiagnosis of Spitzoid melanomas as the underlying cause of the increased incidence was observed.Key messageA nationwide retrospective re-evaluation of the cutaneous melanomas recorded in the Finnish Cancer Registry among patients aged 0-19 years in Finland in 1990-2014 revealed an approximately 4-fold increase in the incidence. The increase in the incidence was most prominent among adolescents and in the Spitzoid melanoma subtype. Our results contrast those reported in other c...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 17, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Emma K Rousi Roope A Kallionp ää Roosa E Kallionp ää Susanna M Juteau Lauri A I Talve Micaela M Hernberg Pia P Vihinen Veli-Matti K ähäri Ilkka O Koskivuo Source Type: research

Effect of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
CONCLUSION: Yoga and Tai Chi showed a significant improvement in the FEV1% predicted value. Also, pulmonary rehabilitation program improved the exercise capacity, the quality of life, and dyspnoea in patients with COPD.Key messagesA total of 39 trials involving 2,397 participants with COPD were evaluated.We found that patients who received pulmonary rehabilitation program had significant improvement in the 6MWT, St. George Respiratory Questionnaire score, and the modified British Medical Research Council score as compared to those who received usual care.Yoga and Tai Chi showed significant improvement in the FEV1% predicte...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 17, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Hong Zhang Dandan Hu Yikai Xu Lixia Wu Liming Lou Source Type: research

Identification of prognostic biomarkers in papillary renal cell carcinoma and PTTG1 may serve as a biomarker for predicting immunotherapy response
This study aims to identify potential prognostic and therapeutic biomarkers in papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC).METHODS: Two microarray datasets were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks and functional annotations of DEGs were established. Survival analysis was utilized to evaluate the prognostic significance of the DEGs and the association between the expression level of candidate biomarkers and various tumour-infiltrating immune cells was explored. The role of PTTG1 in tumour microenvironme...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 17, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Xi Tian Wen-Hao Xu Fu-Jiang Xu Hui Li Aihetaimujiang Anwaier Hong-Kai Wang Fang-Ning Wan Yu- Zhu Da-Long Cao Yi-Ping Zhu Guo-Hai Shi Yuan-Yuan Qu Hai-Liang Zhang Ding-Wei Ye Source Type: research

A six years' experience with 41 cases of enterovesical fistula in a Tertiary National Hospital in Indonesia: A retrospective study
CONCLUSION: The incidence of EVF is uncommon. Malignancy was the leading cause of EVF in this study. Combined diagnostic modalities are recommended in EVF cases. The two-stage surgical approach was the preferred modality. Further prospective studies are mandatory to analyze this condition.PMID:35028134 | PMC:PMC8715043 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103102 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 14, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Fina Widia Muhammad Firman Gampo Alam Irdam Ridho Ardhi Syaiful Source Type: research

Combination of simple advancement flap and fistulectomy to treat complex anal fistula as a complication of hemorrhoidectomy: Case report
CONCLUSION: A combination of fistulectomy and simple cutaneous advancement flap anoplasty is a simple, safe, and effective surgical option for the management of severe anal stenosis with concomitant anal fistula.PMID:35028135 | PMC:PMC8715064 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103203 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 14, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Imam Sofii None Irianiwati None Gunadi Adeodatus Yuda Handaya Aditya Rifqi Fauzi Source Type: research

Endovascular reconstruction of aortoiliac occlusive disease in a case with claudication and an ectopic pelvic kidney
CONCLUSION: Traditional treatment of iliac artery stenosis, especially in patients with high-risk cardiovascular comorbidities, may be associated with complications. Endovascular intervention is a safe and effective approach for treating aortoiliac occlusion in patients with ectopic pelvic kidneys. More research and case series are needed to review the results and compare the success rate of this method versus open surgery.PMID:35028136 | PMC:PMC8715058 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103205 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 14, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Javad Salimi Mahta Mirhashemi Seyed Amir Miratashi Yazdi Source Type: research

A six years' experience with 41 cases of enterovesical fistula in a Tertiary National Hospital in Indonesia: A retrospective study
CONCLUSION: The incidence of EVF is uncommon. Malignancy was the leading cause of EVF in this study. Combined diagnostic modalities are recommended in EVF cases. The two-stage surgical approach was the preferred modality. Further prospective studies are mandatory to analyze this condition.PMID:35028134 | PMC:PMC8715043 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103102 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 14, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Fina Widia Muhammad Firman Gampo Alam Irdam Ridho Ardhi Syaiful Source Type: research

Combination of simple advancement flap and fistulectomy to treat complex anal fistula as a complication of hemorrhoidectomy: Case report
CONCLUSION: A combination of fistulectomy and simple cutaneous advancement flap anoplasty is a simple, safe, and effective surgical option for the management of severe anal stenosis with concomitant anal fistula.PMID:35028135 | PMC:PMC8715064 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103203 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 14, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Imam Sofii None Irianiwati None Gunadi Adeodatus Yuda Handaya Aditya Rifqi Fauzi Source Type: research

Endovascular reconstruction of aortoiliac occlusive disease in a case with claudication and an ectopic pelvic kidney
CONCLUSION: Traditional treatment of iliac artery stenosis, especially in patients with high-risk cardiovascular comorbidities, may be associated with complications. Endovascular intervention is a safe and effective approach for treating aortoiliac occlusion in patients with ectopic pelvic kidneys. More research and case series are needed to review the results and compare the success rate of this method versus open surgery.PMID:35028136 | PMC:PMC8715058 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103205 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 14, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Javad Salimi Mahta Mirhashemi Seyed Amir Miratashi Yazdi Source Type: research

A six years' experience with 41 cases of enterovesical fistula in a Tertiary National Hospital in Indonesia: A retrospective study
CONCLUSION: The incidence of EVF is uncommon. Malignancy was the leading cause of EVF in this study. Combined diagnostic modalities are recommended in EVF cases. The two-stage surgical approach was the preferred modality. Further prospective studies are mandatory to analyze this condition.PMID:35028134 | PMC:PMC8715043 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103102 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 14, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Fina Widia Muhammad Firman Gampo Alam Irdam Ridho Ardhi Syaiful Source Type: research

Combination of simple advancement flap and fistulectomy to treat complex anal fistula as a complication of hemorrhoidectomy: Case report
CONCLUSION: A combination of fistulectomy and simple cutaneous advancement flap anoplasty is a simple, safe, and effective surgical option for the management of severe anal stenosis with concomitant anal fistula.PMID:35028135 | PMC:PMC8715064 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103203 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 14, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Imam Sofii None Irianiwati None Gunadi Adeodatus Yuda Handaya Aditya Rifqi Fauzi Source Type: research

Endovascular reconstruction of aortoiliac occlusive disease in a case with claudication and an ectopic pelvic kidney
CONCLUSION: Traditional treatment of iliac artery stenosis, especially in patients with high-risk cardiovascular comorbidities, may be associated with complications. Endovascular intervention is a safe and effective approach for treating aortoiliac occlusion in patients with ectopic pelvic kidneys. More research and case series are needed to review the results and compare the success rate of this method versus open surgery.PMID:35028136 | PMC:PMC8715058 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103205 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 14, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Javad Salimi Mahta Mirhashemi Seyed Amir Miratashi Yazdi Source Type: research

Interactive multiobjective optimization for finding the most preferred exercise therapy modality in knee osteoarthritis
CONCLUSIONS: We examined the feasibility of our decision support tool using an interactive multiobjective optimization method designed to help clinicians balance between conflicting objectives to find the most preferred exercise therapy modality for patients with knee osteoarthritis. The proposed methodology is generic enough to be applied in any field of medical and healthcare settings, where several alternative treatment options exist.KEY MESSAGESWe demonstrate the potential of applying Interactive multiobjective optimization methods in a decision support tool to help clinicians compare different exercise therapy modalit...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 13, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Babooshka Shavazipour Bekir Afsar Juhani Multanen Kaisa Miettinen Urho M Kujala Source Type: research

Antithrombotic therapy for secondary prevention of unprovoked venous thromboembolism: a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
CONCLUSION: Apixaban showed superiority to other antithrombotic strategies on major bleeding and all-cause death for secondary prevention of unprovoked VTE. Further studies are warranted owing to the limited number of studies and positive cases.Key messagesAll antithrombotic strategies including warfarin, DOACs and aspirin were superior to placebo/observation on recurrent VTE for secondary prevention of unprovoked VTE.Apixaban demonstrated lower risk of major bleeding than warfarin, and lower risk of all-cause death than placebo/observation.Further research about the efficacy and safety of antithrombotic treatments for sec...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 13, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Dandan Li Yi Liu Yao Song Aiping Wen Source Type: research

Interactive multiobjective optimization for finding the most preferred exercise therapy modality in knee osteoarthritis
CONCLUSIONS: We examined the feasibility of our decision support tool using an interactive multiobjective optimization method designed to help clinicians balance between conflicting objectives to find the most preferred exercise therapy modality for patients with knee osteoarthritis. The proposed methodology is generic enough to be applied in any field of medical and healthcare settings, where several alternative treatment options exist.KEY MESSAGESWe demonstrate the potential of applying Interactive multiobjective optimization methods in a decision support tool to help clinicians compare different exercise therapy modalit...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 13, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Babooshka Shavazipour Bekir Afsar Juhani Multanen Kaisa Miettinen Urho M Kujala Source Type: research

Antithrombotic therapy for secondary prevention of unprovoked venous thromboembolism: a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
CONCLUSION: Apixaban showed superiority to other antithrombotic strategies on major bleeding and all-cause death for secondary prevention of unprovoked VTE. Further studies are warranted owing to the limited number of studies and positive cases.Key messagesAll antithrombotic strategies including warfarin, DOACs and aspirin were superior to placebo/observation on recurrent VTE for secondary prevention of unprovoked VTE.Apixaban demonstrated lower risk of major bleeding than warfarin, and lower risk of all-cause death than placebo/observation.Further research about the efficacy and safety of antithrombotic treatments for sec...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 13, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Dandan Li Yi Liu Yao Song Aiping Wen Source Type: research

Differences between high- and low-achieving pre-clinical medical students: a qualitative instrumental case study from a theory of action perspective
CONCLUSION: Based on the theory of action, high-achieving students utilize positive governing variables, whereas low-achieving students are driven by negative governing variables. Hence, governing variable-based remediation is needed to help low-achieving students interrogate the motives behind their actions and realign positive governing variables, actions, and intended outcomes.Key MessagesThis study found four themes describing the differences between high- and low-achieving pre-clinical medical students: motivation and expectation, study methods, self-management, and flexibility of mindset.Based on the theory of action...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 12, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Chan Choong Foong Nur Liyana Bashir Ghouse An Jie Lye Vinod Pallath Wei-Han Hong Jamuna Vadivelu Source Type: research

Assessing the corneal sub-basal nerve plexus by < em > in  vivo < /em > confocal microscopy in patients with blepharoptosis
CONCLUSIONS: These data suggested that corneal confocal microscopy demonstrated no significant changes in patients with blepharoptosis as compared with normal controls, except for relatively wider CNFW in congenital affected eyes. However, in some children and young adults with congenital blepharoptosis, the density of corneal sub-basal nerve plexus was evidently decreased, which needs to be cautioned when ones with congenital blepharoptosis want to take corneal surgeries or wear contact lens.Key messagesWhen compared with normal controls, no significant effect was found in the influence of blepharoptosis on the most of co...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 11, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Zhengwei Zhang Shui Lu Yunjia Jiang Song Sun Source Type: research

Development of plasma ghrelin level as a novel marker for gastric mucosal atrophy after < em > Helicobacter pylori < /em > eradication
CONCLUSION: Plasma levels of ghrelin correlate well with the level of gastric mucosal atrophy, even after H. pylori eradication.KEY MESSAGESGhrelin plasma levels are associated with the progression of endoscopic atrophic gastritis, even at 48 weeks after H. pylori eradication.Ghrelin plasma levels are also associated with increased severity of histological intestinal metaplasia 48 weeks after H. pylori eradication.Pepsinogen I/II ratios increased immediately after H. pylori eradication and are inappropriate for assessing atrophic gastritis after H. pylori eradication.PMID:35000515 | DOI:10.1080/07853890.2021.2024875 (Sourc...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 10, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Hideki Mori Hidekazu Suzuki Juntaro Matsuzaki Kaori Kameyama Koji Igarashi Tatsuhiro Masaoka Takanori Kanai Source Type: research

Parental experiences in neonatal intensive care unit in Ethiopia: a phenomenological study
CONCLUSION: Parents whose infants admitted to the NICU were suffered from various psychological and emotional problems. Researchers recommend that health care providers should be supported parents with psycho-emotional problems, strengthen parents-healthcare workers' interaction, and scale up neonatal intensive care unit services to the primary health care centres.KEY MESSAGESParents whose infants admitted to the NICU were suffered from psychological and emotional problems.Poor NICU environment, shortage of equipment, long hospital stay, the presence of pandemic COVID-19, and lack of parental involvement in the care were i...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 10, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Endalkachew Worku Mengesha Desalegne Amare Likawunt Samuel Asfaw Mulugeta Tesfa Mitiku B Debela Fentie Ambaw Getahun Source Type: research

High-flow nasal oxygen therapy decrease the risk of mortality and the use of invasive mechanical ventilation in patients with severe SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia? A retrospective and comparative study of 265 cases
Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2022 Jan 4:103230. doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103230. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Corona virus disease (Covid-19) affects the airways and induces pulmonary lesions, patients with this disease require oxygen therapy as the disease progresses. Several oxygenation options have been used, l'HFNO had showed beneficial effects.THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS STUDY: To evaluate the efficacy of high-flow nasal oxygen HFNO versus non-invasive ventilation in COVID-19.METHODS: This is a retrospective and comparative study conducted over a period of 10 months from March 2020 to December 2020 and involving 600 ...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 10, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Rajae Alkouh Abdelilah El Rhalete Merbouh Manal El Aidouni Ghizlane Berrichi Samia Taouihar Salma Fatima Zahra Aftiss Bkiyar Houssam Abda Naima Housni Brahim Source Type: research

Potential benefit of olive leaf extract in cervical spondylotic myelopathy model
This study was divided into 6 groups; Control Negative (Sham-Operated) Group, Control Positive 1 & 2 (early chronic and chronic), Treatment Groups 1, 2 & 3 (prophylactic, concomitant & late). Olive leaf extract (OLE) give 350 mg/kg BW and spinal cord sample was taken at the compression level C5. Histopathological assessment and immunohistochemistry of Amyloid-β, p-Tau, TDP-43 dan CD-68 dan evaluation of functional motoric outcome was done before animals were terminated.RESULTS: Chronic spinal cord compression increased the expression of Amyloid-β, p-Tau, TDP-43 dan CD-68. OLE 350 mg/kg BW decreased th...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 10, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Sabri Ibrahim Iqbal Fahlevi Adeputra Nasution Mahyu Danil Wismaji Sadewo Tri Widyawati Putri Chairani Eyanoer Kiking Ritarwan Wibi Riawan Ridha Darmajaya Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of atrial fibrillation at a tertiary center of Pakistan - From a South-Asian perspective - A cross-sectional study
CONCLUSION: There was higher prevalence of chronic co-morbid conditions in the studied population leading to a higher CHA2DS2VASC Score. Sepsis and stroke were independently associated with higher in-hospital mortality.PMID:35003722 | PMC:PMC8718836 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103128 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 10, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Intisar Ahmed Aiysha Nasir Pirbhat Shams Hunaina Shahab Muhammad Hassan Faryal Subhani Ghufran Adnan Awais Farhad Aamir Hameed Khan Yawer Saeed Source Type: research

Analgesic efficacy of posterior and anterior psoas compartment block: Lumbar plexus versus three -in-one nerve block after lower limb orthopedic surgery under spinal anesthesia: A prospective cohort study
CONCLUSION: The study showed that there was no significant difference in the time to first analgesia request, postoperative pain, both at rest and movement and total analgesic consumption, between the LPB and 3IN1B.PMID:35003723 | PMC:PMC8717444 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103160 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 10, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Habtu Adane Aytolign Abraham Tarekegn Mersha Yonas Admasu Ferede Source Type: research

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis as a complication of primary varicella infection in a child, case report
CONCLUSION: The pathogenic link of occurrence of CSVT after VZV infection is unclear, but some articles showed that it is related to direct endothelial damage by the virus.Early recognition of this complication of VZV infection and prompt treatment is essential to prevent catastrophic complications.PMID:35003724 | PMC:PMC8717460 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103165 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 10, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Maysaa Badour Eman Shhada Ali Hammed Sameer Baqla Source Type: research

Pharmacotherapeutic prophylaxis and post-operative outcomes within an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS ®) program: A randomized retrospective cohort study
Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2021 Dec 14;73:103178. doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103178. eCollection 2022 Jan.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Pharmacotherapy prophylaxis embedded in Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) protocols is largely unknown because data related to agent choice, dosing, timing, and duration of treatment currently are not collected in the ERAS Interactive Audit System (EIAS®). This exploratory retrospective randomized cohort study characterized pharmacologic regimens pertaining to prophylaxis of surgical site infections (SSI), venous thromboembolism (VTE), and post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV).MATERIALS AN...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 10, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Richard H Parrish Rachelle Findley Kevin M Elias Brian Kramer Eric G Johnson Leah Gramlich Gregg S Nelson Source Type: research