Evaluation of Sexual Function in Turkish Male Individuals Who are Substance Abusers: A Descriptive Study
Conclusions: Substance abuse affects male sexual functions negatively. There are limited studies about the effects of substance abuse on male sexual functions in our country. For this reason, there is a need for more extensive prospective studies. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - August 22, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effect of Hypnotherapy in Alcohol Use Disorder Compared With Motivational Interviewing: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions: Those receiving hypnotherapy did marginally better concerning alcohol use at 1-year follow-up. This small advantage for hypnotherapy could indicate an effect, rendered nonsignificant by an underpowered study. It could also be that neither MI nor hypnotherapy gave an additional effect on top of the substantial group therapy. Lastly the findings could indicate that hypnotherapy is at least as effective as MI. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - August 22, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Risk Factors Associated With Psychiatric Comorbidity in a Sample of Male Egyptian Patients With Substance Use Disorder
Conclusions: Identifying the risk factors for psychiatric comorbidity in patients with substance dependence highlights the importance of developing a dual diagnosis service to meet the needs of this population. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - August 22, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Identifying the Challenges of Prehospital and Hospital Emergency Services During the Management of Alcohol Poisoning Disaster in the City of Rafsanjan
Conclusions: Interinstitutional coordination should be promoted through joint meetings, and also training classes on disaster management and its implementation should be held. Moreover, up-to-date clinical protocols must be accessible to personnel, and facilities and resources needed in the disaster should be provided. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - August 22, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Gender Differences in Risky Injection Practices Among People Who Inject Drugs in Colombia
Conclusions: High dependence on sexual partner and risky injection behaviors among female who inject drugs were identified. Study findings contextualized with gender vulnerabilities in Colombia are fundamental for prevention/intervention efforts aimed at helping this at-risk population in the country and in Latin America. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - August 22, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Can a Low Dosage of Aripiprazole Modify Incentive Salience in Naive Bipolar Patients Who Gamble?
Gambling disorder is a pathologic condition, resulting from the interaction of multiple risk factors. Among these, dopamine neurotransmission is known for playing a significant role, as seen, for example, in patients using dopamine replacement therapy prescribed for Parkinson disease, in which gambling is considered to be iatrogenic. Considering this, together with the general mechanism of action of antipsychotic drugs, growing attention has recently been dedicated to Aripiprazole and to its partial dopaminergic agonism (reducing D2-receptor hyperactivation in the mesolimbic pathway and improving D2-receptor stimulation in...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - August 22, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Shelter From the Storm: Psychiatric Diagnosis and Treatment of the Refugee Patient
In the last 3 years the numbers of forcibly displaced people around the world has reached a record high. Experiences of war, persecution, violence, torture, participating in the killing of others, disruptions of attachments, and emotional losses increase the risk for psychological distress and may contribute to the risk of developing psychiatric and substance abuse disorders. The authors review the existing psychiatric literature on refugees, discuss the sociological reasons that explain the recent crisis, describe the psychiatric consequences, the risk factors and protective factors of the refugee experience, narrate the ...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - August 22, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Epidemiologic Investigation of the Elderly Deaths Caused by Narcotic and Psychedelic Drug Abuse Complications Referred to the Legal Medicine Organization of Tehran, Iran During 2013 and 2014
Conclusions: It can be argued that factors such as low level of education, male gender, habitation in a big city, free occupation, retirement or unemployment can contribute to an individual’s inclination to become addicted to narcotic or psychedelic drug abuse in aging (in the elderly), and these factors may be used to identify the elderly people at risk of drug addiction. Low prices and the fast availability of opium in Iran and some misconceptions about opium among Iranian people, may lead to its prevalent consumption among the elders. Increasing awareness in the elderly about the adverse effects of narcotic or p...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - May 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Is Trazodone Contramid Useful in Inducing Patients to Refrain From Using Cocaine After Detoxification, so Avoiding Early Relapse? A Case Series
Conclusions: The present case series shows that trittico contramid is probably able to positively modify psychopathologic symptomatology and cocaine craving in CoUD patients who voluntarily stopped cocaine use but were at high risk of early relapse. The current need is for controlled clinical trials to confirm the safety and efficacy of trittico contramid in avoiding early relapse in cocaine self-detoxified patients. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - May 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Depression, Substance Abuse, and Suicide Risk: A Rising Problem
Conclusions: There is a synergistic relationship between depression and substance use for the presence of greater suicidal behavior, which implies important challenges in mental health care services as early identification and effective management are essential to reduce the impact of the continuum of suicidal behavior. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - May 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Addictions Rehabilitation From an Executive Functioning Model
Conclusions: Research on cognitive rehabilitation performed with patients with multiple brain pathologies, have shown their effectiveness in treatment, generating a line of study in addictions, which shows improvements in treatment retention rates and decrease in relapse rates. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - May 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Suicide Risk Associated With Dual Diagnosis in General Population
Conclusions: A higher risk of suicide was found in DD compared with noncomorbid mental disorders or substance-related disorder. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - May 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Anxiety Disorders Among Recovered Patients With Substance Dependence: A Follow-up Study
Conclusions: Anxiety disorders are common in recovered patients with substance dependence. Specific phobic disorder was the most commonly diagnosed anxiety disorder in these patients. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - May 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Intensive Motivational Interviewing for Heavy Drinking Among Women
Objectives: Women suffer more severe consequences related to heavy drinking than men. Relative to men, women who are heavy drinkers experience higher severity of medical, psychiatric, and social problems, even when they have fewer years drinking. Currently there are few sex-specific, evidence-based interventions for heavy drinking among women. Methods: A randomized clinical trial was conducted with 215 women with alcohol problems. Half were randomly assigned to receive a 9-session, “intensive motivational interviewing” (IMI) intervention (N=107) and half were randomly assigned to a single session of standa...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - May 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Analysis and Profiles of Drug Users in a Population of Victims of Forced Displacement in Colombia
Conclusions: There are specific groups of substance users in populations that have been the victim of forced displacement in Colombia (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - May 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Pedophilia, Substance-use Disorder, and Intellectual Disability: A Case Report
Conclusions: It is important to differentiate between pedophilic disorder, SUD, and intellectual disability. An active search for deviant sexual behavior is recommended in patients with dual diagnosis. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - February 20, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Cognitive Impairment in Patients With Dual Pathology
Conclusions: 100% of patients with dual pathology suffer from cognitive impairments, which pose significant challenges in their rehabilitation process. For this reason, the inclusion of neuropsychological therapies should be considered in addition to comprehensive management. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - February 20, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Association Between DRD2/ANKK1 TaqIA Polymorphism and Impulsivity in Patients With Opioid Dependence Disorder
Conclusions: Patients with TaqIA polymorphism shows statistically significant higher levels of urgency on UPPS than patients with wild genotype. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - February 20, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Characteristics and Red Flag Correlates of Psychiatric Outpatients in a Mandated-Use Prescription Drug Monitoring Program State: A PBRN Card Study
Objectives: All 50 states have implemented a Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) in efforts to control prescription drug abuse. Many now mandate PDMP checks before clinicians prescribe controlled substances. The aim of this study was to characterize the associations between patient characteristics, red flags found on PDMP reports, and prescriber behavior at community mental health agencies. Methods: Prescribers at 9 practice sites, in 5 regional community mental health centers, were recruited by a practice-based research network to participate in a card study. Prescribers completed a PDMP attitudes survey, and...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - February 20, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

New Psychoactive Substances: A Hidden Problem in Mexico
Conclusions: The results show the need to evaluate NPS use through an epidemiological perspective among both the clinical and the general populations. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - February 20, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Illicit Substance Vaporizer Use in Adolescents
Objective: The use of vaporizers for nicotine and other illicit substances is increasing among adolescents. Our study aims to identify the risk factors for vaping illicit drugs in adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected from 692 patients, aged 13 to 17, admitted to the Children's Recovery Center, Norman, Oklahoma, between August 11, 2014 and March 30, 2016. Descriptive statistics were computed to evaluate the study population and identify the rate of nicotine and other substance abuse in the adolescents. Logistic regression and adjusted odds ratio were performed to identify the risk factors for vapin...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - February 20, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

An Overview of the Research on Addictions of Centros de IntegraciĆ³n Juvenil (CIJ) as a Support for its Prevention and Treatment Programs
The results of the last 20 years of research on addictions in Centros de Integración Juvenil (CIJ) and their application in the development of care strategies will be presented. The review gathers the results of works developed in 4 main research lines: Epidemiological, psychosocial, clinical, and evaluative as well as community diagnostic studies carried out for the planning of the care services. This journey shows, in some way, the evolution of the phenomenon of addictions in a certain population sector that is the focus of CIJ’s care programs—basically made up of students and applicants for treatment&...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - February 20, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Early Drug Consumption and Subsequent Risk of Illicit Drug Use in Colombia
Conclusions: The results are in line with the gateway hypothesis, which proposes that early marijuana use increases the probability of using other psychoactive substances, although the origin of the data from a cross-sectional study implies important limitations. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - February 20, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Impulsivity and Salivary Cortisol Level in Patients With Substance Dependence
Conclusions: Substance-dependent subjects scored significantly higher than control subjects on lack of premeditation, urgency, and lack of perseverance traits. There was no relation between diurnal salivary cortisol levels and impulsivity. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - February 20, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Hypnotherapy in Reducing Stress Levels
This study was designed to portray stress levels and the effect of hypnotherapy in reducing the stress condition of the counselees. This research used a single-subject research method with an A-B-A design. The research subjects were 6 counselees in a stressed condition. To determine the stress levels, the investigator used a research apparatus in the set-up of the scale measurement model DASS (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale). Data were analyzed using the nonparametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The results indicated that the subjects studied were stressed before given hypnotherapy. However, after undergoing hypnotherapy, ...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - December 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Effect of Matrix Model on Depression, Anxiety, and Quality of Life in Methamphetamine Users and Their Caregivers
This study was designed to assess the effectiveness of the Matrix Model interventions in improving quality of life, anxiety, and depression. Methods: This was a semiexperimental study to assess the effects of the Matrix Model interventions on quality of life, anxiety, and depression in individuals with methamphetamine dependence and their caregivers. We used the short form of the WHO quality of life questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF), the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory for data collection. Results: In total, 28 methamphetamine-dependent patients (age, 40.18±12.89 y) and 27 caregi...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - December 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Pathology of Drug Abuse in Elderly Women: A Qualitative Study
Conclusions: There are a few practices that are helpful in decreasing the likelihood of substance abuse among elderly women, including using new pain control treatment methods for the elderly, increasing awareness of the side-effects of drug abuse, inducting the necessary cultural domination practices through group media to prevent breaking the norms of society, and ruling out misconceptions. Financial and emotional support by both family members and society to prevent certain issues, such as forced marriage to addicted men, can also be beneficial in drug addiction withdrawal or prevention among the studied group. Easy a...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - December 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Attitude Toward Substance Use Among Egyptian Medical Students
Objectives: Addictive behavior affecting human health is on the rise among adolescents. Cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, and illegal drug use are common among university students. Hence, the aim of this study was assessment of the attitude toward substance use and its predictors among final year medical students, faculty of medicine, Cairo University. Materials and Methods: In total, 200 students were randomly chosen during their final year of study. Participants were subjected to semistructured questions that assessed demographics and smoking status of the students, attitude toward substance abuse questionnaire, an...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - December 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Problematic Online Gaming Among a Sample of University Students in Egypt
Conclusions: IA was detected in>80% of the sample, while problematic gaming was detected in around quarter of the sample. A significant relation was found between academic achievement and IA, but not with internet gaming disorder. Neither IA nor problematic online gaming could be correlated to academic achievement. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - December 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Tangled Relation Between Tobacco and Substance Abuse in Egyptian Male Patients
Conclusions: Patients with substance use disorder are more inclined to quit smoking than expected, motivated mainly by their desire for self-control and their susceptibility to immediate reinforcement. They become also less affected by social pressure to quit because of the high number of previous hospital admissions, suggesting that therapists should focus on empowering their self-control. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - December 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

An Analysis of the Psychache Scale in College Student Problematic Drinkers
Conclusion: The clinical implications of these findings are briefly discussed, with further research being needed to better understand the Psychache Scale’s characteristics in substance use and other populations likely to experience psychological pain, and therefore at risk for suicidal behavior. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - August 31, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Telemedicine Detoxification Treatment for Alcohol, Opioid, or Sedative-Use, Hypnotic-Use, or Anxiolytic-Use Disorders
Conclusions: Telemedicine detox treatment, for patients who are physically drug dependent and require medical management upon abstinence to prevent intolerable and dangerous withdrawal side-effects, can be a viable and safe alternative to traditional “brick and mortar” detox treatment. Advantages may include more immediate availability, one-fourth the average cost, and less life disruption afforded by treatment at home versus at a treatment facility. Future studies are suggested involving a larger number of cases along with a “head-to-head” case analysis between telemedicine detox and traditional ...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - August 31, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Drug-related Mortality in Camden: Demographics and Substance Misuse Trends During the 2013 to 2015 Period
Conclusion: A high prevalence of opioid-related mortality was detected in both counties, specifically for Camden County, between the years of 2013 and 2015. An increasing incidence of opioids, specifically heroin and oxycodone, was also detected. Although prescription opioids might contribute to the initial development of addiction, the sudden suspension of these resources, without adequate treatment, can often lead individuals to shift to heroin as cheaper and more potent resource of opioids. Physician education and changing the prescribing patterns as well as harm reduction strategies are needed. For acute pain, the re...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - August 31, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Predictors of Treatment Referral After AUDIT-C Screening for Heavy Drinking
Conclusions: Efforts to increase the consistency of treatment referrals, according to established clinical guidelines, could enhance the effectiveness of AUDIT-C screening during primary care visits. Subgroups of patients who may benefit from such efforts include individuals with high-risk but submaximal AUDIT-C scores, older patients, and patients who are seen at community-based outpatient clinics. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - August 31, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Addressing Prevalence and Correlates Among a Sample of Egyptian University Students Who Suffer From Substance Use Disorders
Conclusions: One in 5 university students used substances at least once in their lives. The most common included cannabis, tramadol, and alcohol, respectively. The risk factors for substance use were older age, male sex, urban residence, theoretical education, and cigarette smoking. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - August 31, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Vulnerability to Alcohol and Drug Addiction in Adolescents: An Experience in Bolivia
Conclusions: The identification of indicators of vulnerability to the consumption and abuse of alcohol/drugs in certain personality profiles should be a warning sign for initiating prevention, containment, and protection behaviors in adolescents. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - August 31, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics of Tramadol Dependence Among Egyptians and Their Relationship to the Associated Insomnia
Tramadol dependence is a public health problem in Egypt. We aimed to determine the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of tramadol abuse among Egyptians, the frequency and degrees of insomnia among tramadol abusers, and the relationship between the associated insomnia with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Included in this study were 400 subjects (mean age, 30.72±9.61 y) who were tramadol dependent. The subjects were assessed using Structured Clinical Interviewing using DSM-IV (SCID-I), Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS), and Insomnia Severity Index. We found that the mean age at onset ...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - May 26, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Self-esteem and Locus of Control in the Initial and Final Stages of Drug Withdrawal Among Addicts Attending Rehabilitation Centers
Conclusion: High self-esteem has been effective in improving locus of control and decreasing psychological disorders, and it can be considered the optimal treatment method in psychology. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - May 26, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

An Audit of Alcohol Detoxification in a Consultation-Liaison Setting
Conclusions: There is a need to enhance educational efforts to improve all clinicians' understanding of alcohol use disorders. The various stakeholders involved should collaborate closely to improve the quality of care rendered to these patients. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - May 26, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Helplessness and the Need to Withdraw From Drugs: The Beginning of the Path to Recovery
Conclusions: Community support, reducing the social stigma of addiction, building addiction treatment centers for women, informing drug abusers and their families about available health centers, and encouraging drug addicts’ families to participate in Nar-Anon meetings improves their enduring commitment to long-term and unwavering support for the patient through the course of cessation. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - May 26, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Feasibility of Using Short Message Service (SMS) to Collect Outcome Data in an Australian Residential Alcohol and Drug Treatment Service
Conclusions: In its present form, this method of data collection was not feasible within these AoD residential services. Greater resources are likely required to improve the utility and acceptability of this method. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - May 26, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Gabapentin, Pregabalin, and Placebo in Reducing Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms in Opioid-dependent Individuals: A Randomized-controlled Trial
Conclusions: Dosages of 450 mg/d of pregabalin and 1600 mg/d of gabapentin are not significantly superior to placebo in controlling opiate withdrawal symptoms. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - May 26, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Childhood Trauma and Dissociative Experiences in Female Borderline Disorder With and Without Substance Dependence
Conclusions: The findings have clinical implications for the management of female BPD with and without substance dependence. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - March 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Cigarette Smoking and Sleep Disturbance
Conclusions: Sleep disturbance in smokers is manly caused by direct influence of nicotine in sleep-wake cycle neurons. Further investigations targeting a better understanding of how nicotine could affect neural basis of behavior and biological rhythms are needed. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - March 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Sex and Age Differences in Risk Factors of Marijuana Involvement During Adolescence
We examined the association between sociodemographic and behavioral correlates with different frequencies of past-year marijuana use (nonuse, occasional use: (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - March 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Perceived Stigma and Satisfaction With Care Among Veterans Receiving Methadone Maintenance Treatment: A Pilot Study
Objectives: Opioid agonist therapy remains underutilized despite strong evidence for its effectiveness in treating opioid use disorder. Stigma associated with opioid agonist therapy has been cited as a potential barrier to its utilization. The purpose of this pilot study is to assess perceived stigma and satisfaction among a sample of United States military veterans receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Materials and Methods: Veterans receiving MMT at a Boston-based Veterans Affairs (VA) methadone clinic were asked to complete an anonymous, 49-item survey regarding their perceptions of and satisfaction with...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - March 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Comparison of Demographic Characteristics and High-risk Behaviors Among 7342 Patients Treated With Maintenance Treatments in Iran
Conclusions: It seems that the selection made by Iranian therapists to enter the patients into maintenance treatments was based on the wrong criteria, and there was a financial relationship between the patients and the therapists in the centers being effective in selecting the type of treatment. This issue can greatly affect harm reduction policies in the maintenance treatment centers. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - March 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Characteristics of DSM-5 Alcohol Use Disorder Diagnostic Orphans in College: An Overlooked Group of Drinkers
Conclusions: DSM-5 DOs in college constitute as a unique at-risk group of drinkers in comparison with those with and without a DSM-5 AUD diagnosis. It is critical that our screening, referral and brief intervention efforts in university settings incorporate procedures to target this at-risk group of drinkers to deter escalation of future alcohol problems. (Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment)
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - March 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Madrid Study (Spain) on the Prevalence and Characteristics of Outpatients With Dual Disorders
Although dual disorders (DD), addiction, and other mental disorders (MDs) are common in patients using mental health and addiction treatment services, they are not routinely screened for and diagnosed by most health experts. The aim of this article was to present the most relevant findings from the Madrid study on DD in a clinical sample from the Community of Madrid mental health and substance misuse service care networks. The sample consisted of 837 outpatients from Madrid: 208 patients from mental health services and 629 from substance misuse services. We used the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) to e...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - December 1, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Dual Depression: A Sex Perspective
Mood and substance use disorders (SUDs) are mental conditions that are highly prevalent in the general population. Cooccurrence of major depression and SUD, also known as dual depression, is very common in the field of substance addiction. Sex differences are found in both major depression and SUD. This review, after presenting the state of the art of dual depression as regards prevalence, ethiopathologic mechanisms, and clinical aspects, is focused on dual depression in women. An overview of some potential factors associated with the sex gap in dual depression such as injecting, sexual risk behavior, intimate partner viol...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - December 1, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research