Suicidal ideation and other persisting symptoms after CBT or antidepressant medication treatment for major depressive disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: Depressed adults who respond to CBT or antidepressant medication have similar residual symptom profiles. Antidepressant medications reduce SI, even among patients for whom the medication provides little overall benefit. PMID: 30207254 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - September 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dunlop BW, Polychroniou PE, Rakofsky JJ, Nemeroff CB, Craighead WE, Mayberg HS Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in the Cross-Cultural Context: An Extension of the Standard Paradigm from Individual to Country/Culture Level —A Brief Introduction into a New Research Line
AbstractCognitive-behavioral therapy is the golden standard for personalized evidence-based psychological interventions. The standard unit of analysis in CBT is the individual and/or small groups (e.g., couples, families, organizations). In a seminal book, Beck (Prisoners of Hate: The cognitive basis of anger, hostility, and violence, Harper Collins, New York,2000) argued that the standard CBT paradigm should be extended to approach large societal problems (e.g., terrorism/violence). However, in this extension, most of the time, the unit of analysis is still the individual, but immersed in larger societal networks. In this...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Posttraumatic Mental Contamination and the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide: Effects via DSM-5 PTSD Symptom Clusters
AbstractResearch has yet to establish a relationship between posttraumatic mental contamination and suicide risk, despite theoretical overlap. The present study examined relationships between posttraumatic mental contamination and suicide risk via posttraumatic stress symptom clusters and appraisals of perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. Trauma-exposed participants (N = 183) completed measures of posttraumatic mental contamination, posttraumatic stress symptoms, thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and suicide risk. Findings revealed significant indirect effects of posttraumatic ...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Manager as Coach: Cross-Cultural Adaptation of an Instrument Assessing Managers ’ Coaching Skills
AbstractWhile coaching has been conceived as a new managerial strategy and effective leadership initiative in organizations, the concept of ‘manager as coach’ has gained considerably popularity. In this context, the interest for reliable and valid tools to assess managers’ coaching skills increased among practitioners and organizations. This paper provides additional analyses of an instrument assessing managers’ coaching skills in business settings and examines a theoretical model in identifying manager coaching skills from two informational sources, namely self-report and other-report. This work do...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in the Cross-Cultural Context: An Extension of the Standard Paradigm from Individual to Country/Culture Level —A Brief Introduction into a New Research Line
AbstractCognitive-behavioral therapy is the golden standard for personalized evidence-based psychological interventions. The standard unit of analysis in CBT is the individual and/or small groups (e.g., couples, families, organizations). In a seminal book, Beck (Prisoners of Hate: The cognitive basis of anger, hostility, and violence, Harper Collins, New York,2000) argued that the standard CBT paradigm should be extended to approach large societal problems (e.g., terrorism/violence). However, in this extension, most of the time, the unit of analysis is still the individual, but immersed in larger societal networks. In this...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Manager as Coach: Cross-Cultural Adaptation of an Instrument Assessing Managers ’ Coaching Skills
AbstractWhile coaching has been conceived as a new managerial strategy and effective leadership initiative in organizations, the concept of ‘manager as coach’ has gained considerably popularity. In this context, the interest for reliable and valid tools to assess managers’ coaching skills increased among practitioners and organizations. This paper provides additional analyses of an instrument assessing managers’ coaching skills in business settings and examines a theoretical model in identifying manager coaching skills from two informational sources, namely self-report and other-report. This work do...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychological interventions to reduce positive symptoms in schizophrenia: systematic review and network meta-analysis.
Abstract Psychological treatments are increasingly regarded as useful interventions for schizophrenia. However, a comprehensive evaluation of the available evidence is lacking and the benefit of psychological interventions for patients with current positive symptoms is still debated. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy, acceptability and tolerability of psychological treatments for positive symptoms of schizophrenia by applying a network meta-analysis approach, that can integrate direct and indirect comparisons. We searched EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PubMed, BIOSIS, Cochrane Library, World Health Orga...
Source: World Psychiatry - September 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bighelli I, Salanti G, Huhn M, Schneider-Thoma J, Krause M, Reitmeir C, Wallis S, Schwermann F, Pitschel-Walz G, Barbui C, Furukawa TA, Leucht S Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research

Dysfunctional Attitudes or Extreme Response Style as Predictors of Depressive Relapse and Recurrence after Mobile Cognitive Therapy for Recurrent Depression
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is predicted to be one of the lead causes of burden by 2030 (Mathers  and Loncar, 2006). The high burden attributable to depression is not only due to acute episodes of the disorder, but also due to its chronic nature. Individuals with a history of MDD have a high risk of relapse or recurrence and this risk increases with each subsequent episode (Bockting, Hollon, Jarrett, Kuyken,& Dobson, 2015). Therefore, identifying variables that place individuals at risk for both acute and recurrent episodes is essential. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - September 8, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Marlies E. Brouwer, Alishia D. Williams, Nicholas R. Forand, Robert J. DeRubeis, Claudi L.H. Bockting Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Computer-Assisted Cognitive-Behavior Therapy in Medical Care Settings
AbstractPurpose of ReviewWe reviewed research on computer-assisted cognitive-behavior therapy (CCBT) performed in medical settings with the goals of assessing the effectiveness of this newer method of treatment delivery, evaluating the need for clinician support of therapeutic computer programs, and making suggestions for future research and clinical implementation.Recent FindingsThe overall results of randomized, controlled trials suggest that CCBT can be an effective treatment for depression in primary care patients and health care anxiety. Also, it can be a useful component of treatment for somatic conditions including ...
Source: Current Psychiatry Reports - September 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Role of Anxiety-Relevant Transdiagnostic Factors in Comorbid Chronic Pain and Tobacco Cigarette Smoking
AbstractDespite the notable prevalence and comorbidity of tobacco cigarette dependence and chronic pain, relatively little is known about potential mechanisms of action. Research has emphasized the utility of identifying core underlying dimensions that reflect shared etiological processes, and it has been posited that anxiety-relevant transdiagnostic factors may be particularly important to understanding pain-smoking comorbidity. This review examined the empirical literature linking pain-related fear (fear of pain and activities that elicit pain), pain-related anxiety (anxious responses to pain), and anxiety sensitivity (d...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Exposure-based cognitive behavior therapy for atopic dermatitis: an open trial.
y M Abstract Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common and debilitating inflammatory dermatological disorder and is marked by itch and inflamed skin. Scratching, sleep loss, and avoidance of situations associated with more AD symptoms are central hypothesized mechanisms that perpetuate the disorder and cause reduced quality of life. We developed an exposure-based cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) that entailed mindfulness practice as a means to increase tolerance for aversive experiences during exposure. The aim of the present study was to test the treatment's acceptability and preliminary efficacy in adults with AD. ...
Source: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy - September 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hedman-Lagerlöf E, Bergman A, Lindefors N, Bradley M Tags: Cogn Behav Ther Source Type: research

Adjunctive Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia in men with depression: A randomised controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Adjunctive Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia for older men being treated for depression can improve insomnia in the short term, without apparent harm. The short-term depressive symptom effect size in this pilot trial was comparable to other adjunctive interventions and may warrant a larger, definitive trial. PMID: 30191722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - September 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Glozier N, Christensen H, Griffiths KM, Hickie IB, Naismith SL, Biddle D, Overland S, Thorndike F, Ritterband L Tags: Aust N Z J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Computer-Assisted Cognitive-Behavior Therapy in Medical Care Settings
AbstractPurpose of ReviewWe reviewed research on computer-assisted cognitive-behavior therapy (CCBT) performed in medical settings with the goals of assessing the effectiveness of this newer method of treatment delivery, evaluating the need for clinician support of therapeutic computer programs, and making suggestions for future research and clinical implementation.Recent FindingsThe overall results of randomized, controlled trials suggest that CCBT can be an effective treatment for depression in primary care patients and health care anxiety. Also, it can be a useful component of treatment for somatic conditions including ...
Source: Current Psychiatry Reports - September 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

An Examination of Perseverative Thinking and Perception of Threat from Emotion as Mechanisms Underlying the Relationship Between Distress Intolerance and Internalizing Symptoms
AbstractDistress intolerance (DI) represents the perceived inability to withstand and manage upsetting emotional and physical internal experiences. Recent research suggests that DI is relevant to a number of clinical disorders; however the mechanisms underlying the association between DI and internalizing symptoms are unclear. It may be that DI is primarily a construct characterized by the perception of negative emotions as threatening. This possibility is consistent with current DI treatments, which focus on repeatedly exposing participants to emotional distress so that threat disconfirmation and habituation will result. ...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Feasibility study of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for anxiety disorders in a Japanese setting
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) could be a treatment option for anxiety disorders. Although its effectiveness under conditions of low pharmacotherapy rates has been demonstrated, its effectiveness u... (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Source: BMC Research Notes - September 6, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Mitsuhiro Sado, Sunre Park, Akira Ninomiya, Yasuko Sato, Daisuke Fujisawa, Joichiro Shirahase and Masaru Mimura Tags: Research note Source Type: research

Successful management of automatic dysfunctional thoughts in the context of negative emotions.
CONCLUSIONS: We discuss theoretical and practical implications of the results. PMID: 30183344 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping)
Source: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping - September 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bostan CM, Maricuțoiu LP, Constantin T Tags: Anxiety Stress Coping Source Type: research

Reducing Aggressive Children ’s Hostile Attributions: A Cognitive Bias Modification Procedure
AbstractChildren with aggression problems tend to interpret other ’s intentions as hostile in ambiguous social situations. Among clinically referred children with aggressive behavior problems, this hostile attribution style may be relatively rigid and difficult to change, due to prevalent histories of aversive social experience and/or personal vulnerability. The present study examined the effectiveness of a cognitive bias modification (CBM) training to reduce hostile interpretations of facial expressions in clinically referred aggressive boys. We conducted two experiments: Both Study 1 (N = 59,Mage&thin...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Positive affect, psychotherapy, and depression.
Conclusion: It was found that integration of positive affects such as "Fake, Fake and Duchenne Smile" and "improvising the pleasurable activities" in psychotherapy were effective in alleviating depression. PMID: 30166676 [PubMed] (Source: Indian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Indian Journal of Psychiatry - September 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Indian J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinical profile and outcome in a large sample of children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder: A chart review from a tertiary care center in India.
Conclusion: The present study of a large sample of patients with juvenile OCD highlights the low rate of comorbid disruptive behavior disorders as reported in the earlier Indian studies and a favorable short-term outcome in approximately 56% of the patients. PMID: 30166677 [PubMed] (Source: Indian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Indian Journal of Psychiatry - September 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Indian J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Management of Pain in Elite Athletes: Identified Gaps in Knowledge and Future Research Directions
Conclusions: The identification of the gaps in knowledge in the management of pain in elite athletes will provide a unified direction for the retrieval of information and further research that will provide reassurance, speed return to active sport, and benefit performance. (Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine)
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - September 1, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: General Review Source Type: research

Efficacy of Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral therapy for the management of chronic pain in children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusion: ICBT for physical and psychological conditions in youth with chronic pain is a full potential therapy; it can be successful on clinically effects and socioeconomic benefits. However, only limited data supported the conclusion, we require further methodologically robust trials. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO CRD42017069811. (Source: Medicine)
Source: Medicine - September 1, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research

Cognitive behavioural therapy for eating disorders: how do clinician characteristics impact on treatment fidelity?
ConclusionThese findings would suggest that strengthening clinician self-efficacy is useful in improving evidence-based practice in the treatment of binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa and may also have implications in the training of clinicians. The study also demonstrated that the use of a range of knowledge translation strategies are valuable in enhancing clinician adherence to evidence-based practice. Further research with direct measures of treatment fidelity is needed to clarify these findings. (Source: Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: Journal of Eating Disorders - September 1, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Empirical Investigation of the Relationships Between Irrationality, Self-Acceptance, and Dispositional Forgiveness
AbstractMilburn (J Ration Emot Cogn Behav Ther 33:325 –340,2015) recently suggested a theoretical link between REBT and forgiving, proposing that irrational beliefs, particularly demandingness and global evaluations of human worth, play a role in lack of forgiveness. The present study investigated a quantitative link between the concepts of irrationality, self-acceptance, and dispositional forgiveness. Four-hundred and thirty-three participants (70% female) participated in a 69-item online survey combining four previously validated scales: Shortened General Attitude and Belief Scale; Heartland Forgiveness Scale; Unco...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric Qualities of Turkish Version of Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ)
AbstractRepetitive negative thinking (RNT) is an umbrella term that refers to an individual ’s tendency to have negative thoughts in an uncontrollable and repetitive manner regardless of their content and temporal focus. RNT is suggested to be a transdiagnostic factor that may be associated with vulnerability for many different psychological disorders. The aim of the present study is to examine the psychometric qualities of Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ), which is a scale that assesses non-disorder-specific form of RNT. The data was gathered from 446 Turkish individuals between the ages of 18 and 58 ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Acceptance –Commitment Therapy on Craving Beliefs in Patients on Methadone Maintenance Therapy: A Pilot Study
AbstractThe present study is designed to evaluate the efficacy of acceptance –commitment therapy (ACT) on craving beliefs in opioid dependent patients on methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Twenty-eight opioid dependent participants, aged 18–50 years, who were on MMT based on Iran’s Ministry of Health and Medical Education published protocol, were evaluated in Mash had during 2011–2012. The treatment group comprised fourteen participants, who received eight sessions of individual ACT alongside MMT while fourteen participants of the control group received just MMT. The effectiveness of the in...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS). A Psychometric Study of the Italian Version
AbstractThe Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS, Harrington2005a) was developed as a multidimensional measure of frustration intolerance. Frustration intolerance plays an important role in behavioral and cognitive model of emotional problems (Harrington2006). The aim of this study is to translate the original English version of FDS into Italian and to assess the validity and reliability of the Italian version for application among Italian population. The Italian version of FDS-R, with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were administered on-line to 497 subjects aged from 18 to 66  years old. The exploratory factor...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Effect of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy on Irrational Career Beliefs of Students of Electrical Electronics and Other Engineering Trades in Technical Colleges in Nigeria
AbstractIrrational beliefs are factors that can explain students ’ emotional and/or pragmatic problems. Irrational career beliefs are career myths, maladaptive cognitions and inaccurate beliefs regarding career and the work world which impact negatively on career decision-making. The present research investigated the effectiveness of rational emotive behavior t herapy (REBT) on irrational career beliefs of students of electrical electronics, automobile trade, building/woodwork and mechanical trades in technical colleges in Nigeria. Using a pretest–posttest control group, 173 participants were assessed quantitat...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psycho-Educational Group Intervention Based on Reality Therapy to Cope with Academic Procrastination
This study explored the efficacy of a psycho-educational group intervention based on reality therapy for treating youth with academic procrastination. The participants consisted of undergraduates from a state university located in the Eastern Black Sea Region in Turkey. A 10-session training program based on reality therapy was implemented with the experimental group, and a no treatment control group served as the comparison. Pre-test, post-test, and follow-up measure for the experimental and control groups were analyzed used in the research. Two-way analysis of variance split plot design. The findings showed that the trai...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Treatment Acceptability and Youth Outcome in Group CBT for Youth with ASD and Anxiety
This study focuses on parent, youth, and clinician acceptability of a well-researched CBT program,Facing Your Fears, for youth with ASD and anxiety. Data was collected as part of a larger multi-site study that compared three different instructional conditions for clinicians learning the intervention. Results indicated that parents rated acceptability as higher for the overall treatment compared to youth. Further, youth and parents rated exposure related sessions as more acceptable than psychoeducation, and higher exposure acceptability ratings were predictive of lower youth anxiety levels post-treatment. Clinicians who rec...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Do clinical experience, formal cognitive behavioural therapy training, adherence, and competence predict outcome in cognitive behavioural therapy for anxiety disorders in youth?
CONCLUSIONS: Therapist adherence, competence, and clinical experience are associated with outcomes of manualized CBT for youth anxiety disorders, but mixed findings indicate the need for more research in this area. PMID: 30159938 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - August 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

CBT Delivered in a Specialized Depression Clinic for College Students with Depressive Symptoms
This study utilized a novel recruitment strategy and examined the efficacy of CBT provided by specialists in a depression clinical research center. We conducted depression screenings at four universities in the Boston area. 30 college students (ages 18 –24 between 2009 and 2013) who were experiencing symptoms of depression and/or suicidal ideation were offered 12-weeks of a flexible manualized form of CBT. CBT resulted in a significant reduction in depression, anxiety, suicidality, and some forms of negative cognition. CBT was effective for redu cing depression and related symptoms, including suicidality. Larger-scal...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Do clinical experience, formal cognitive behavioural therapy training, adherence, and competence predict outcome in cognitive behavioural therapy for anxiety disorders in youth?
Clinical Psychology&Psychotherapy, EarlyView. (Source: Clinical Psychology)
Source: Clinical Psychology - August 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: JonFauskanger Bjaastad , Gro JanneHenningsen Wergeland , Bente StormMowatt Haugland , RolfGjestad , Odd E.Havik , Einar R.Heiervang , Lars ‐GöranÖst Source Type: research

Weight Regain After Bariatric Surgery: Prevalence, Etiology, and Treatment
AbstractPurpose of ReviewObesity is a life-limiting disease that is associated with a number of co-morbidities. Bariatric surgery remains the most efficacious and durable weight loss method available to patients. However, a significant percentage of patients can regain weight resulting in frustration, depression, and return of obesity-related co-morbidities. The present review provides an overview of the most common therapeutic modalities available to combat weigh regain after weight loss surgery.Recent FindingsGiven the high percentage of patients with weight regain after surgery, significant effort has been placed on dev...
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - August 30, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Relapse/Recurrence Prevention in Major Depressive Disorder: 26-Month Follow-Up of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Versus an Active Control.
Abstract We conducted a 26-month follow-up of a previously reported 12-month study that compared mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) to a rigorous active control condition (ACC) for depressive relapse/recurrence prevention and improvements in depressive symptoms and life satisfaction. Participants in remission from major depression were randomized to an 8-week MBCT group (n = 46) or the ACC (n = 46). Outcomes were assessed at baseline; postintervention; and 6, 12, and 26 months. Intention-to-treat analyses indicated no differences between groups for any outcome over the 26-month follow-up. Time to relapse r...
Source: Behavior Therapy - August 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shallcross AJ, Willroth EC, Fisher A, Dimidjian S, Gross JJ, Visvanathan PD, Mauss IB Tags: Behav Ther Source Type: research

The Impact of Enhanced Responsibility and Threat Beliefs on Self-Report and Behavioural Indices During a Sorting Task for Young People with OCD
AbstractWe aimed to experimentally assess the role of cognitive processes in provoking anxiety and compulsive behaviours in young people with OCD, and to determine whether specific cognitive appraisal subtypes (e.g., threat) best explain OCD symptoms. 29 young people with a principal diagnosis of OCD, 30 young people with an anxiety disorder other than OCD, and 25 young people meeting no diagnostic criteria completed a sorting task designed to increase or decrease responsibility/threat biases. We expected that OCD participants in the high responsibility/threat group would demonstrate higher scores on subjective (belief and...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - August 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Do Comorbid Social and Other Anxiety Disorders Predict Outcomes during and after Cognitive Therapy for Depression?
Anxiety disorders are often comorbid with major depressive disorder (MDD; Kessler et al., 2005; Kessler et al., 2015). Relations of comorbid anxiety disorders with MDD treatment outcomes are incompletely understood, although augmenting or sequencing medications or psychotherapies in varying combinations have been suggested for particular comorbid disorders (e.g., Coplan et al., 2015; Schoevers et al., 2008). The current study clarified short- and longer-term prognoses of outpatients who received cognitive therapy (CT) for recurrent MDD, comparing patients with social, other, or no comorbid anxiety disorders (Jarrett& T...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - August 25, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Jeffrey R. Vittengl, Lee Anna Clark, Jasper A.J. Smits, Michael E. Thase, Robin B. Jarrett Source Type: research

Aversive Indecisiveness Predicts Risks for and Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression Over Avoidant Indecisiveness
AbstractIndecisiveness is defined as a maladaptive trait resulting in difficulty making decisions across time and situations. Indecisiveness is positively correlated with measures of anxiety, worry, and depression and has been listed as a symptom of Major Depressive Disorder for decades. Indecisiveness is also a distinguishing cognitive process associated with other disorders, such as Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive –Compulsive Disorder, and Hoarding Disorder. Recently, indecisiveness has been found to be represented by two distinct dimensions, labeled aversive and avoidant indecisiveness. Aversive indecisive...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Let ’s put the “T” back into CBT
Mental Health Review Journal, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to critique the current manner in which cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is delivered, with a focus on the impact of evidence-based practice. Design/methodology/approach This paper is based upon the experiences, ideas and clinical practice of the authors. Findings The reductionist approach based on psychiatric diagnosis is put forward as the mechanism by which CBT has gradually lost its status as a form of psychotherapy. Originality/value An alternative framework based on revitalising CBT as a client centred, problem-based and formulation...
Source: Mental Health Review Journal - August 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effectiveness of psychotherapy for treatment-resistant depression: a meta-analysis and meta-regression.
Abstract Despite substantial advances in treatment and management strategies for major depression, less than 50% of patients respond to first-line antidepressant treatment or psychotherapy. Given the growing number of controlled studies of psychotherapy for treatment-resistant depression (TRD) and the preference for psychotherapy of depressed subjects as a treatment option, we conducted a meta-analysis and meta-regression analysis to investigate the effectiveness of psychotherapy for TRD. Seven different psychotherapies were studied in 21 trials that included a total of 25 comparisons. In three comparisons of psyc...
Source: Psychological Medicine - August 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: van Bronswijk S, Moopen N, Beijers L, Ruhe HG, Peeters F Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

Let ’s put the “T” back into CBT
Mental Health Review Journal, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to critique the current manner in which cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is delivered, with a focus on the impact of evidence-based practice. Design/methodology/approach This paper is based upon the experiences, ideas and clinical practice of the authors. Findings The reductionist approach based on psychiatric diagnosis is put forward as the mechanism by which CBT has gradually lost its status as a form of psychotherapy. Originality/value An alternative framework based on revitalising CBT as a client centred, problem-based and formulation...
Source: Mental Health Review Journal - August 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Aversive Indecisiveness Predicts Risks for and Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression Over Avoidant Indecisiveness
AbstractIndecisiveness is defined as a maladaptive trait resulting in difficulty making decisions across time and situations. Indecisiveness is positively correlated with measures of anxiety, worry, and depression and has been listed as a symptom of Major Depressive Disorder for decades. Indecisiveness is also a distinguishing cognitive process associated with other disorders, such as Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive –Compulsive Disorder, and Hoarding Disorder. Recently, indecisiveness has been found to be represented by two distinct dimensions, labeled aversive and avoidant indecisiveness. Aversive indecisive...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive behavior therapy for tinnitus in integrated primary care: A case example.
Conclusions: Brief CBT treatment for tinnitus can be delivered in an IPC setting, consistent with a population-health approach. Such treatment may result in improved quality of life for patients, and the brief approach has the potential to reduce overall cost of care. This case encourages increased identification and treatment of tinnitus within IPC settings, in order to increase access of care for patients with this burdensome condition. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Health Psychology)
Source: Health Psychology - August 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The relationship between licensed mental health counselors' political ideology and counseling theory preference.
Authors: Norton AL, Tan TX Abstract Given the current political climate in the United States, it is ever more important to understand the role political ideology plays in the counseling profession. Our study examined the role of political ideologies in 467 licensed mental health counselors' preferred counseling theories in clinical practice. We found (a) most participants reported liberal political ideologies; (b) the participants preferred cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT), humanistic/constructivist/existentialist, and mindfulness-based theories over systemic, psychodynamic, and experiential theories; and (c) self-...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - August 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

A Contribution to Validation of the Short Schema Mode Inventory in an Italian Clinical Versus Non-clinical Population
AbstractSchema therapy (ST) has been proven to be an effective psychotherapy model in the treatment of complex personality disorders. ST helps analyze causes of emotional, cognitive, and behavioral alteration in patients using schemas and modes (i.e., sets of emotional states, coping responses and schemas active in a given moment). ST finds its empirical validation in the short Schema Mode Inventory (SMI), a practical tool consisting of 14 subscales assessing 14 different mode categories, grouped in 4 (child, coping, parent and adult modes) high-order categories used to assess different modes at different times. We introdu...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Anxiety Sensitivity as a Predictor of Epilepsy-Related Quality of Life and Illness Severity Among Adult Epilepsy
AbstractThe purpose of the current study was to examine the role of anxiety sensitivity in predicting seizure likelihood and QOL among 49 people with epilepsy (PWE; 63.3% female;Mage = 48.53,SD = 15.91). As hypothesized, after controlling for the effects of negative affectivity and past year seizure presence, greater levels of anxiety sensitivity significantly predicted poorer overall QOL as well as the QOL domains of seizure worry, medication effects, work-driving-social limitations, and cognitive functioning (8.8–22.9% unique variance). Anxiety sensitivity did not significantly predict s...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - August 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Assessing Trauma-Related Appraisals by Means of a Scenario-Based Approach
AbstractDysfunctional appraisals play a key role in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The present study investigated a novel method to assess dysfunctional appraisals via an online study, in which participants (N = 93) were asked to specify a distressing, negative life event and were then presented with ambiguous, open-ended trauma-related scenarios. Participants were asked to generate an ending by writing down their first, spontaneous continuation for each scenario. Results showed that a greater number of dysfunctional appraisals generated on the scenario task was associated with higher scores on the Pos...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - August 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Contribution to Validation of the Short Schema Mode Inventory in an Italian Clinical Versus Non-clinical Population
AbstractSchema therapy (ST) has been proven to be an effective psychotherapy model in the treatment of complex personality disorders. ST helps analyze causes of emotional, cognitive, and behavioral alteration in patients using schemas and modes (i.e., sets of emotional states, coping responses and schemas active in a given moment). ST finds its empirical validation in the short Schema Mode Inventory (SMI), a practical tool consisting of 14 subscales assessing 14 different mode categories, grouped in 4 (child, coping, parent and adult modes) high-order categories used to assess different modes at different times. We introdu...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research