Sickness absence: a systematic review and meta-analysis of psychological treatments for individuals on sick leave due to common mental disorders.
l;st LG Abstract Sick leave due to common mental disorders (CMDs) increase rapidly and present a major societal challenge. The overall effect of psychological interventions to reduce sick leave and symptoms has not been sufficiently investigated and there is a need for a systematic review and meta-analysis of the field. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to calculate the effect size of psychological interventions for CMDs on sick leave and psychiatric symptoms based on all published randomized controlled trials. Methodological quality, the risk of bias and publication bias were also assessed. The literature ...
Source: Psychological Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Salomonsson S, Hedman-Lagerlöf E, Öst LG Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

Symptom Attributions Across the Menstrual Cycle in Women with Panic Disorder
This study examines the attributions women make about the somatic and affective symptoms they experience during the menstrual cycle. Using a 30-day prospective design, women with and without panic disorder monitored physical and affective symptoms. Participants reported on severity of various symptoms and a primary cause for each symptom (menstrual cycle-related, panic/anxiety related, stress-related, health-related). Women with panic disorder reported more panic attacks during the premenstrual phase compared to other cycle phases. They also reported more severe affective and panic symptoms during the premenstrual phase co...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Posttraumatic Stress and Suicidality Among Firefighters: The Moderating Role of Distress Tolerance
AbstractFirefighters report high rates of suicidality and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This investigation explored the moderating role of distress tolerance (DT) in the association between PTSD symptomatology and suicidality in firefighters. Covariates included trauma load, depressive symptom severity, gender, race, age, and education. The sample was comprised of 765 (94.0% male;Mage = 38.8, SD = 8.6) trauma-exposed firefighters who completed a questionnaire battery. Structural equation modeling was employed. PTSD symptom severity was significantly, positively associated with global sui...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Follow-up of monotherapy remitters in the PReDICT study: Maintenance treatment outcomes and clinical predictors of recurrence.
Conclusions: The study supported the benefits of maintenance treatment for treatment-naïve patients who remitted to initial monotherapy; nevertheless, remitted patients with a comorbid anxiety disorder diagnosis at the beginning of treatment or residual depressive symptoms after initial treatment were at risk for poorer long-term outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - January 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Acceptance –Commitment Therapy on Craving Beliefs in Patients on Methadone Maintenance Therapy: A Pilot Study
AbstractThe present study is designed to evaluate the efficacy of acceptance –commitment therapy (ACT) on craving beliefs in opioid dependent patients on methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Twenty-eight opioid dependent participants, aged 18–50 years, who were on MMT based on Iran’s Ministry of Health and Medical Education published protocol, were evaluated in Mash had during 2011–2012. The treatment group comprised fourteen participants, who received eight sessions of individual ACT alongside MMT while fourteen participants of the control group received just MMT. The effectiveness of the in...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Expected benefits and motivation to weight loss in relation to treatment outcomes in group-based cognitive-behavior therapy of obesity.
CONCLUSION: A more precise definition of needs and expectations might help tailor treatment to individual patients, but attrition rates and target reach remain difficult to predict. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, descriptive studies. PMID: 29368291 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - January 24, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Sasdelli AS, Petroni ML, Delli Paoli A, Collini G, Calugi S, Dalle Grave R, Marchesini G Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Treatment Acceptability and Youth Outcome in Group CBT for Youth with ASD and Anxiety
This study focuses on parent, youth, and clinician acceptability of a well-researched CBT program,Facing Your Fears, for youth with ASD and anxiety. Data was collected as part of a larger multi-site study that compared three different instructional conditions for clinicians learning the intervention. Results indicated that parents rated acceptability as higher for the overall treatment compared to youth. Further, youth and parents rated exposure related sessions as more acceptable than psychoeducation, and higher exposure acceptability ratings were predictive of lower youth anxiety levels post-treatment. Clinicians who rec...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy - January 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Identifying and Treating the Prodromal Phases of Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia
Opinion statementPurpose of reviewThe goal of this paper is to review recent research on the identification and treatment of prodromal periods that precede bipolar and psychotic disorders. We also sought to provide information about current best clinical practices for prodromal youth.Recent findingsResearch in the areas of identifying prodromal periods has rapidly advanced. Calculators that can predict risk are now available for use during both bipolar and psychotic disorder prodromes. Cognitive behavior therapies have emerged as the gold standard psychosocial interventions for the psychosis prodrome, while several other t...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry - January 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Open ‐label study of cognitive behavioural therapy for individuals with at‐risk mental state: Feasibility in the Japanese clinical setting
ConclusionsWe confirmed the feasibility of the provision of CBT for ARMS in Japan. Since overprescription of antipsychotics is a matter of great concern in Japan, CBT could be a valuable alternative treatment strategy. (Source: Early Intervention in Psychiatry)
Source: Early Intervention in Psychiatry - January 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kazunori Matsumoto, Noriyuki Ohmuro, Naohisa Tsujino, Shimako Nishiyama, Koichi Abe, Yumiko Hamaie, Masahiro Katsura, Naomi Inoue, Hiroo Matsuoka, Yasuhiro Kawasaki, Toshifumi Kishimoto, Michio Suzuki, Masafumi Mizuno Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research

Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS). A Psychometric Study of the Italian Version
AbstractThe Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS, Harrington2005a) was developed as a multidimensional measure of frustration intolerance. Frustration intolerance plays an important role in behavioral and cognitive model of emotional problems (Harrington2006). The aim of this study is to translate the original English version of FDS into Italian and to assess the validity and reliability of the Italian version for application among Italian population. The Italian version of FDS-R, with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were administered on-line to 497 subjects aged from 18 to 66  years old. The exploratory factor...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Open ‐label study of cognitive behavioural therapy for individuals with at‐risk mental state: Feasibility in the Japanese clinical setting
Early Intervention in Psychiatry, EarlyView. (Source: Early Intervention in Psychiatry)
Source: Early Intervention in Psychiatry - January 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Culturally Adapted Transdiagnostic CBT for SSRI-Resistant Turkish Adolescents: A Pilot Study.
Authors: Acarturk ZC, Abuhamdeh S, Jalal B, Unaldı N, Alyanak B, Cetinkaya M, Gulen B, Hinton D Abstract The most common mental health problems among adolescents are anxiety and mood disorders. While disorder-specific cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is effective for each of these conditions, the comorbidity between anxiety and mood disorders indicates a need for the development of evidence-based transdiagnostic treatments. To examine the efficacy of culturally adapted transdiagnostic CBT (CA-CBT) in reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression in treatment-resistant Turkish adolescents, 13 adolescent participants ...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Interactive Effects of Traumatic Brain Injury and Anxiety Sensitivity on PTSD Symptoms: A Replication and Extension in Two Clinical Samples
AbstractTraumatic brain injury is prevalent and linked with heightened risk for post-traumatic stress symptoms, yet little research has investigated the role of well-established cognitive-affective risk factors in explaining this association. The present study addressed this gap by evaluating if elevations in anxiety sensitivity global score and subscales (cognitive concerns, physical concerns, social concerns) potentiated the effects of traumatic brain injury history on post-traumatic stress symptoms in two clinical samples: trauma-exposed smokers (n  = 256; study 1) and trauma-exposed treatment-seeking adults (...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

[Routine outcome monitoring in anxiety disorders: diagnosis-specific versus generic assessment instruments].
CONCLUSION: When assessed after cognitive behavioural therapy, the (generic) bsi and diagnosis-specific instruments indicated larger progress than the oq-45. The bsi might be a relatively diagnosis-specific measure for anxiety disorders. when selecting an instrument for assessment, both the intended goal of treatment (symptom reduction or improvement in quality of life) and other reasons for assessment should be taken into consideration. The bsi or diagnosis-specific instruments are preferred if the goal is to assess the change in specific anxiety symptoms. PMID: 29341052 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie)
Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie - January 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: van der Mheen M, Ter Mors LM, den Hout MAV, Cath DC Tags: Tijdschr Psychiatr Source Type: research

Effects of mindfulness ‐based cognitive therapy on shame, self‐compassion and psychological distress in anxious and depressed patients: A pilot study
ConclusionOur preliminary findings suggest that mindfulness‐based approaches may be helpful in increasing self‐compassion and reducing shame‐proneness in mixed groups of anxious and depressed patients. Controlled studies of the effects of mindfulness‐based interventions on shame in clinical populations are warranted. Practitioner points Shame‐proneness and external shame showed different patterns of relationship with depressive and stress symptoms and with self‐compassion. Shame‐proneness decreased to a greater extent than external shame decreased following participation in an MBCT group. Mindfulness‐bas...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - January 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Michael Proeve, Rebekah Anton, Maura Kenny Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effects of mindfulness ‐based cognitive therapy on shame, self‐compassion and psychological distress in anxious and depressed patients: A pilot study
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, EarlyView. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - January 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Michael Proeve , Rebekah Anton , Maura Kenny Source Type: research

Visual and Verbal Depressive Cognition: Implications for the Rumination –Depression Relationship
AbstractThe present studies evaluated whether experiencing depressive cognition as visual (i.e., in the form of visual mental imagery) or verbal (i.e., in the form of verbal thought) was differentially associated with the strength of the rumination –depression relationship. Visual mental imagery is consistently found to be more emotionally arousing than verbal thought. This may especially be the case when individuals dwell on their visual or verbal depressive cognition in the form of depressive rumination. In Study 1, 41.2% of participants r eported a visual depressive cognitive style and 57.1% reported a verbal depr...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Eye-Tracking Based Attention Bias Modification (ET-ABM) Facilitates Disengagement from Negative Stimuli in Dysphoric Individuals
AbstractTo address shortcomings of purely reaction-time based attention bias modification (ABM) paradigms, a novel eye-tracking based ABM training (ET-ABM) was developed. This training targets the late disengagement from negative stimuli and the lack of attention for positive information, which are characteristics of depression. In the present study, 75 dysphoric students (BDI  ≥ 9) were randomly assigned to either this positive training (PT), or a sham-training (ST) that did not train any valence-specific gaze pattern (positive and negative pictures had to be disengaged from and attended to equally often)...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A systematic review and discussion of symptom specific cognitive behavioural approaches to delusions and hallucinations
Studies on cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp) have developed from evaluating generic approaches to focusing on specific symptoms. The evidence for targeted studies on delusions and hallucinations was reviewed. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of individualized CBT-based interventions focusing either on delusions or on hallucinations. Twelve suitable RCTs were identified. Four RCTs focused on delusions, of which three took a focused approach targeting mechanisms assumed causal to persecutory delusions. (Source: Schizophrenia Research)
Source: Schizophrenia Research - January 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tania M. Lincoln, Emmanuelle Peters Source Type: research

Effect of exercise versus cognitive behavioural therapy or no intervention on anxiety, depression, fitness and quality of life in adults with previous methamphetamine dependency: a systematic review.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (MA) is a highly addictive psychostimulant used by approximately 52 million people worldwide. Chronic MA abuse leads to detrimental physiological and neurological changes, as well as increases in anxiety and depression, and decreases in overall fitness and quality of life. Exercise has been reported to possibly reverse physiological and neurological damage caused by previous MA use, and to reduce anxiety and depression in this population. The aim of this systematic review was to identify, clinically appraise and synthesise the available evidence for the effe...
Source: Addiction Science and Clinical Practice - January 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Morris L, Stander J, Ebrahim W, Eksteen S, Meaden OA, Ras A, Wessels A Tags: Addict Sci Clin Pract Source Type: research

Interventions to improve benzodiazepine tapering success in the elderly: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Patient education is a successful, time- and cost-effective intervention that can significantly help with benzodiazepine discontinuation success. CBT may also be an effective approach. However, cost can be an issue since public healthcare coverage in Canada does not cover psychotherapy. More research is needed in looking at pharmaceutical adjuvants and their role in assisting with benzodiazepine discontinuation. PMID: 29336611 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 16, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Dou C, Rebane J, Bardal S Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

A systematic review and discussion of symptom specific cognitive behavioural approaches to delusions and hallucinations
Studies on cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp) have developed from evaluating generic approaches to focusing on specific symptoms. The evidence for targeted studies on delusions and hallucinations was reviewed. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of individualized CBT-based interventions focusing either on delusions or on hallucinations. Twelve suitable RCTs were identified. Four RCTs focused on delusions, of which three took a focused approach targeting mechanisms assumed causal to persecutory delusions. (Source: Schizophrenia Research)
Source: Schizophrenia Research - January 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tania M. Lincoln, Emmanuelle Peters Source Type: research

Treatment of Anxiety in Children and Adolescents
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this review is to provide an up-to-date summary of the treatment of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. We review the evidence in relation to treatments deemed to be efficacious followed by novel interventions that hold promise as potentially efficacious treatments.Recent FindingsThe latest research suggests that cognitive-behavioural therapy is an efficacious treatment, whether delivered individually, in groups, via the computer or internet, within the classroom, or in brief, intensive formats or over longer durations. Pharmacological treatments such as SSRIs and SNRIs ar...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry - January 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Ambivalence resolution in brief psychotherapy for depression.
In this study, we sought to study the evolution of the dominance and the negotiation processes in recovered and unchanged cases; to analyse if different therapeutic models produce different results on the evolution of the dominance and negotiation processes, and finally, to study if these processes are predictive of ambivalence resolution. The complete sessions of 22 clinical cases of depression (6 cognitive-behavioural therapy, 10 narrative therapy, and 6 emotion-focused therapy cases) were independently coded for innovative moments, ambivalence, and ambivalence resolution. Results revealed that recovered cases had a prog...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - January 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Examining the Role of Repetitive Negative Thinking in Relations Between Positive and Negative Aspects of Self-compassion and Symptom Improvement During Intensive Treatment
AbstractPositive aspects of self-compassion (i.e., self-kindness and nonjudgmental acceptance of personal experiences) as well as negative aspects (i.e., high self-criticism and self-coldness) are strong predictors of anxiety, depression, worry, and quality of life. To date, however, relatively little is known about (a) how both aspects of self-compassion change during naturalistic treatment, (b) whether and how such changes relate to symptom improvement, and (c) which processes might explain the potential benefits of self-compassion. To address these gaps, the present study examined whether relations between changes in bo...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Maladaptive Self-Beliefs During Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder: A Test of Temporal Precedence
AbstractGiven the putative importance of maladaptive self-beliefs in cognitive models of social anxiety, there is growing interest in the construct ’s influence on social anxiety reduction in treatment. The present study sought to examine whether maladaptive self-beliefs reduce over a 12-week course of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for social anxiety disorder (SAD), and whether change in self-beliefs is an indicator of later change in s ocial anxiety symptom severity within treatment. Participants were 77 individuals with SAD who completed measures of maladaptive self-beliefs every 2 weeks of the treatment prot...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Falls in Cognitively Impaired Older Adults: Implications for Risk Assessment And Prevention
ConclusionFalls remain common in older people, with higher prevalence and morbidity in those who are cognitively impaired. Disentangling the mechanism and contribution of cognitive deficits in fall risk may open new treatment approaches. Mounting evidence supports that cognitive therapies help reduce falls. (Source: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society)
Source: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society - January 10, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Manuel Montero ‐Odasso, Mark Speechley Tags: Clinical Management of the Older Adult Source Type: research

Implicit Identification with Illness in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
AbstractIdentification with pain has been linked to symptom severity in chronic pain conditions. However, the role of identification with illness in patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is unknown. We investigated whether participants with IBS show identification with illness and if the degree of illness identification is related to IBS symptom severity and additional physical and psychological variables. In this cross-sectional study, 42 participants with IBS and 41 healthy participants completed an Implicit Association Test (IAT) to measure their level of identification with illness and health. Data on illness du...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric Qualities of Turkish Version of Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ)
AbstractRepetitive negative thinking (RNT) is an umbrella term that refers to an individual ’s tendency to have negative thoughts in an uncontrollable and repetitive manner regardless of their content and temporal focus. RNT is suggested to be a transdiagnostic factor that may be associated with vulnerability for many different psychological disorders. The aim of the present study is to examine the psychometric qualities of Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ), which is a scale that assesses non-disorder-specific form of RNT. The data was gathered from 446 Turkish individuals between the ages of 18 and 58 ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive rehabilitation of cerebellar deficits.
Abstract During the past 3 decades numerous neurophysiological, neuroimaging, experimental and clinical studies have evidenced a crucial role for the cerebellum in cognitive, affective and behavioral functions. As a result of the acknowledged modulatory role of the cerebellum upon remote structures such as the cerebral cortex, cerebellar injury may give rise to a constellation of behavioral, affective and cognitive symptoms (Schmahmann's Syndrome). In sharp contrast to the wide range of therapeutical interventions to treat cognitive and affective disorders following cerebral cortical lesions and despite the conseq...
Source: CNS and Neurological Disorders Drug Targets - January 10, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Marien P, van Dun K, Overwalle FV Tags: CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research

Correction to: Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Young People and Their Carers: a Mixed-Method Feasibility Study
AbstractThe authors would like to note an omission of acknowledgements in this paper. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Group schema therapy for eating disorders: study protocol
This study will expand upon preliminary research into the efficacy of group Schema Therapy for individuals with eating disorders. If group Schema Therapy is shown to reduce eating disorder symptoms, it will hold considerable promise as an intervention option for a group of disorders that is typically difficult to treat.Trial registrationACTRN12615001323516. Registered: 2/12/2015 (retrospectively registered, still recruiting). (Source: Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: Journal of Eating Disorders - January 9, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Homework Completion via Telephone and In-Person Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Among Latinos
AbstractHomework completion in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for depression is an integral ingredient in treatment that often goes unreported. Furthermore, many studies of homework completion focus on patient adherence without considering the therapists ’ role in reviewing and reinforcing this behavior. No studies to date have assessed the relationship between homework variables and outcomes among Latinos receiving CBT for depression. Since this population has often been difficult to engage in CBT, this study aims to assess whether homework compl etion and therapist review of homework are related to improved out...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Treatment of PANDAS and PANS: a systematic review
Publication date: Available online 6 January 2018 Source:Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews Author(s): Sofia Sigra, Eva Hesselmark, Susanne Bejerot Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS) are a subtype of acute-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) thought to be caused by an autoimmune response to group A streptococcal infection. Based on this proposed pathophysiology, alternative treatments for acute-onset OCD have been introduced, including antibiotics and immunomodulatory interventions. However, the literature on treatment of PANDAS is diverse, and...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - January 6, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Tobacco use does not influence the response to non-pharmacologic depression treatment: A secondary analysis of the Regassa randomized controlled trial
Behavioural interventions show promising results among patients with mild- to moderate depression. However, whether tobacco use moderates the effects of these interventions is not known. In the present study, we examined whether patients suffering from mild-to-moderate depression differed in their response to prescribed physical exercise or internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) according to their current tobacco use. We conducted a secondary analysis of data from 740 participants in a multicentre randomised controlled trial comparing physical exercise, internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy and treatmen...
Source: Psychiatry Research - January 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Md Shafiqur Rahman, Yvonne Forsell, Mats Hallgren, Rosaria Galanti Source Type: research

The Cost-effectiveness of the Online MindSpot Clinic for the Treatment of Depression and Anxiety in Australia.
CONCLUSIONS: This study found that the iCBT treatments provided by MindSpot were highly cost-effective in comparison with current routine/usual care in the Australia setting. However, future research using a prospective matched comparator that comprehensively assesses all the respective costs is required to verify the current study findings. PMID: 29300702 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics)
Source: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics - January 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Ment Health Policy Econ Source Type: research

Affective Changes During Cognitive Behavioural Therapy-As Measured by PANAS.
Authors: Saxon L, Henriksson S, Kvarnström A, Hiltunen AJ Abstract Background: Previous researches have indicated that self-reported positive affect and negative affect is changing in a healthy direction during Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine how affective personality is related to psychopathology before and after CBT. Method: A group of clients (n = 73) was measured before and after CBT, differentiated by their problem areas at pre-therapy (i.e., depressive, anxious and mixed). Results: After therapy, clients experienced higher positive affect (p
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - January 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

Parent –Child Discordance and Child Trauma Symptomatology Throughout Therapy: Correlates and Treatment Response
This study examined parent –child discordance in relation to children’s trauma symptoms and therapy outcomes. Participants included 96 trauma-exposed children and their caregivers, who received Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. Discordance was calculated using absolute difference scores between child- and pare nt- reported psychological symptoms. Parent–child discordance, calculated at pre-therapy, post-therapy, and at a six-month follow-up, predicted the severity of children’s posttraumatic stress, dissociation, and internalizing and externalizing difficulties at each respective time-po...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - January 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Patient and provider perceptions of Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy for recent cancer survivors
ConclusionsResults provide additional evidence for the acceptability of an iCBT program among recent cancer survivors and providers in oncology settings. The current study highlights the value of research exploring iCBT for cancer survivors and provides insights for other groups considering Internet-delivered care for survivors. (Source: Supportive Care in Cancer)
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - January 3, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Major Depressive Disorder and Emotion-Related Impulsivity: Are Both Related to Cognitive Inhibition?
AbstractPrevious studies indicate that emotion-relevant impulsivity is related to depression and relatedly, suicidal ideation and behavior. Little is known, however, about underlying mechanisms driving this impulsivity. We hypothesized that participants diagnosed with depression would show difficulties with emotion-related impulsivity and inhibition compared to controls, and that there would be a link between inhibition deficits and emotion-relevant impulsivity. To test these hypotheses, 60 participants diagnosed with lifetime major depressive disorder (MDD; 47 full-remission, 8 current MDD, 5 partial remission) and 100 no...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Feasibility of a Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Group Intervention as an Adjunctive Treatment for Postpartum Depression and Anxiety
Many women experience moderate-to-severe depression and anxiety in the postpartum period for which pharmacotherapy is often the first-line treatment. Many breastfeeding mothers are reticent to increase their dose or consider additional medication, despite incomplete response, due to potential adverse effects on their newborn. These mothers are amenable to non-pharmacological intervention for complete symptom remission. The current study evaluated the feasibility of an eight-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention as an adjunctive treatment for postpartum depression and anxiety. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - January 2, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Barbara Shulman, Royce Dueck, Deirdre Ryan, Genevieve Breau, Isabel Sadowski, Shaila Misri Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Feasibility of a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy group intervention as an adjunctive treatment for postpartum depression and anxiety
Many women experience moderate-to-severe depression and anxiety in the postpartum period for which pharmacotherapy is often the first-line treatment. Many breastfeeding mothers are reticent to increase their dose or consider additional medication, despite incomplete response, due to potential adverse effects on their newborn. These mothers are amenable to non-pharmacological intervention for complete symptom remission. The current study evaluated the feasibility of an eight-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention as an adjunctive treatment for postpartum depression and anxiety. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - January 2, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Barbara Shulman, Royce Dueck, Deirdre Ryan, Genevieve Breau, Isabel Sadowski, Shaila Misri Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Proinflammatory Cytokines, Mood, and Sleep in Interepisode Bipolar Disorder and Insomnia: A Pilot Study With Implications for Psychosocial Interventions
ConclusionsThese findings provide preliminary evidence that IL-6 is related to mania symptoms and shorter total sleep time in interepisode BD. A treatment that targets sleep in BD could potentially decrease IL-6 although replication is warranted. Objective Proinflammatory cytokines are associated with bipolar disorder (BD), but less is known about how cytokines function during the interepisode period. This study examined cytokines, mood symptoms, and sleep in individuals with interepisode BD with complaints of insomnia. We also investigated the effects of a BD-specific modification of cognitive behavior therapy for ins...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - January 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Evolving Interconnectedness of 3 Fields of Study: Falls, Brain Imaging, and Cognitive Therapy
This article highlights research on falls, brain imaging, and cognitive therapy that supports links between falls, white matter changes in the brain, cognition, and physical activity. The studies presented focus on dementia and Parkinson disease because these populations have profound neurodegenerative white matter changes and the highest rates of falling. (Source: Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation - January 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Thinking About Cognition: From Advances in Neuroanatomy to Outcomes Assesment Source Type: research

Are trans diagnostic models of eating disorders fit for purpose? A consideration of the evidence for food addiction
Abstract Explanatory models for eating disorders have changed over time to account for changing clinical presentations. The transdiagnostic model evolved from the maintenance model, which provided the framework for cognitive behavioural therapy for bulimia nervosa. However, for many individuals (especially those at the extreme ends of the weight spectrum), this account does not fully fit. New evidence generated from research framed within the food addiction hypothesis is synthesized here into a model that can explain recurrent binge eating behaviour. New interventions that target core maintenance elements identified within...
Source: European Eating Disorders Review - January 1, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Janet Treasure, Monica Leslie, Rayane Chami, Fernando Fern ández‐Aranda Tags: INVITED REVIEW Source Type: research

The management of young people who self-harm by New Zealand Infant, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services: cutting-edge or cutting corners?
CONCLUSIONS: Although it is reassuring that many ICAMHS are using evidence-based approaches to address self-harm in young people, there is concerning variability in the way these therapies are delivered. Improvement in training in key modalities, further research into therapist performance and continuous evaluation of workforce development are needed to maximise the effectiveness of proven interventions and provide NZ young people with the state-of-the-art service they deserve. PMID: 29357671 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australasian Psychiatry)
Source: Australasian Psychiatry - January 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thabrew H, Gandeza E, Bahr G, Bettany D, Bampton C, Cooney E, Coleman N, Tiatia-Seath J Tags: Australas Psychiatry Source Type: research

Strangulated child's psychological trauma intervened with imagery-based cognitive therapy.
PMID: 29359571 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Selvapandiyan J, Vasu S, Venkatasamy R Tags: Aust N Z J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Being Mindful of Mindfulness Interventions in Cancer: a systematic review of intervention reporting and study methodology
ConclusionsMindfulness is increasingly considered a standard therapy in psycho‐oncology. While many studies proclaim benefits, there is considerable variability, modification to standardized protocols, and claims of benefit often reflect decreases in sub‐clinical supportive care symptomology rather than therapeutic relief of clinically significant psychological disorders. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - January 1, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Joanne Shaw, Natasha Sekelja, Diana Frasca, Haryana M. Dhillon, Melanie A. Price Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Economic Impact of Third-Wave Cognitive Behavioral Therapies: A Systematic Review and Quality Assessment of Economic Evaluations in Randomized Controlled Trials.
L, Rubio-Valera M, Luciano JV Abstract The term third-wave cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) encompasses new forms of CBT that both extend and innovate within CBT. Most third-wave therapies have been subject to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) focused on clinical effectiveness; however, the number and quality of economic evaluations in these RCTs has been unknown and may be few. Evidence about efficiency of these therapies may help support decisions on efficient allocation of resources in health policies. The main aim of this study was to systematically review the economic impact of third-wave therapies in the...
Source: Behavior Therapy - January 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Feliu-Soler A, Cebolla A, McCracken LM, D'Amico F, Knapp M, López-Montoyo A, García-Campayo J, Soler J, Baños RM, Pérez-Aranda A, Andrés-Rodriguez L, Rubio-Valera M, Luciano JV Tags: Behav Ther Source Type: research