Recurrence of anxiety disorders and its predictors in the general population
CONCLUSIONS: Recurrence of anxiety disorders in the general population is common and the risk of recurrence extends over a lengthy period of time. In clinical practice, alertness to recurrence, monitoring of symptoms, and quick access to health care in case of recurrence are needed.PMID:34294172 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002877 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Willemijn Scholten Margreet Ten Have Carmen van Geel Anton van Balkom Ron de Graaf Neeltje Batelaan Source Type: research

Recurrence of anxiety disorders and its predictors in the general population
CONCLUSIONS: Recurrence of anxiety disorders in the general population is common and the risk of recurrence extends over a lengthy period of time. In clinical practice, alertness to recurrence, monitoring of symptoms, and quick access to health care in case of recurrence are needed.PMID:34294172 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002877 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Willemijn Scholten Margreet Ten Have Carmen van Geel Anton van Balkom Ron de Graaf Neeltje Batelaan Source Type: research

Singular and combined effects of transcranial infrared laser stimulation and exposure therapy on pathological fear: a randomized clinical trial
CONCLUSIONS: TILS to the dlPFC, one of the PFC regions implicated in emotion regulation, resulted in a context-specific benefit as a monotherapy for reducing fear. Contrary to prediction, TILS to the vmPFC, a region implicated in fear extinction memory consolidation, did not enhance exposure therapy outcome.PMID:34284836 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002270 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eric D Zaizar Santiago Papini F Gonzalez-Lima Michael J Telch Source Type: research

Non-suicidal self-harm: an evolving epidemiology
Psychol Med. 2021 Jul 21:1. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002543. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34284847 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002543 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sally McManus David Gunnell Claudia Cooper Paul E Bebbington Louise M Howard Traolach Brugha Rachel Jenkins Angela Hassiotis Scott Weich Louis Appleby Source Type: research

Singular and combined effects of transcranial infrared laser stimulation and exposure therapy on pathological fear: a randomized clinical trial
CONCLUSIONS: TILS to the dlPFC, one of the PFC regions implicated in emotion regulation, resulted in a context-specific benefit as a monotherapy for reducing fear. Contrary to prediction, TILS to the vmPFC, a region implicated in fear extinction memory consolidation, did not enhance exposure therapy outcome.PMID:34284836 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002270 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eric D Zaizar Santiago Papini F Gonzalez-Lima Michael J Telch Source Type: research

Non-suicidal self-harm: an evolving epidemiology
Psychol Med. 2021 Jul 21:1. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002543. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34284847 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002543 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sally McManus David Gunnell Claudia Cooper Paul E Bebbington Louise M Howard Traolach Brugha Rachel Jenkins Angela Hassiotis Scott Weich Louis Appleby Source Type: research

Changes in the adult consequences of adolescent mental ill-health: findings from the 1958 and 1970 British birth cohorts
CONCLUSION: The widening of mental health-based inequalities in midlife outcomes further supports the need to recognise that secular increases in adolescent mental health symptoms is a public health challenge with measurable negative consequences through the life-course. Increased public health efforts to minimise adverse outcomes are needed.PMID:34282721 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002506 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ellen J Thompson Marcus Richards George B Ploubidis Peter Fonagy Praveetha Patalay Source Type: research

Changes in the adult consequences of adolescent mental ill-health: findings from the 1958 and 1970 British birth cohorts
CONCLUSION: The widening of mental health-based inequalities in midlife outcomes further supports the need to recognise that secular increases in adolescent mental health symptoms is a public health challenge with measurable negative consequences through the life-course. Increased public health efforts to minimise adverse outcomes are needed.PMID:34282721 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002506 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ellen J Thompson Marcus Richards George B Ploubidis Peter Fonagy Praveetha Patalay Source Type: research

The risk and protective factors for suicidal burden among 251 763 school-based adolescents in 77 low- and middle-income to high-income countries: assessing global, regional and national variations
CONCLUSIONS: The burden of school-going adolescent suicidal thoughts, suicide planning and suicide attempts is of particular concern in low-resource countries. Comprehensive suicide prevention programmes for school-going adolescents in LMICs are needed that address socio-cultural inequities related to violence and unintentional injury, social support and psychological factors, protective, and lifestyle-related factors.PMID:34269168 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002774 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rashidul Alam Mahumud Angela J Dawson Wen Chen Tuhin Biswas Syed Afroza Keramat Rachael Lisa Morton Andre M N Renzaho Source Type: research

Childhood maltreatment disrupts HPA-axis activity under basal and stress conditions in a dose-response relationship in children and adolescents
This study investigates the impact of childhood maltreatment (CM) on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis functioning and on anxiety perception. Moreover, the influence of CM severity and frequency was also explored.METHODS: In total, 187 participants aged 7-17 were assessed for CM history using validated questionnaires and ad hoc interviews to be classified according to the criteria of the Tool for Assessing the Severity of Situations in which Children are Vulnerable (TASSCV). Psychopathology was ascertained using the K-SADS-PL5. To assess HPA-axis functioning, salivary cortisol samples were collected throughout a no...
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Laia Marques-Feixa Helena Palma-Gudiel Soledad Romero Jorge Moya-Higueras Marta Rapado-Castro Águeda Castro-Quintas I ñaki Zorrilla Mar ía José Muñoz Maite Ram írez Mar ía Mayoral Ariadna Mas Mar ía José Lobato Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla Lourdes F Source Type: research

The risk and protective factors for suicidal burden among 251 763 school-based adolescents in 77 low- and middle-income to high-income countries: assessing global, regional and national variations
CONCLUSIONS: The burden of school-going adolescent suicidal thoughts, suicide planning and suicide attempts is of particular concern in low-resource countries. Comprehensive suicide prevention programmes for school-going adolescents in LMICs are needed that address socio-cultural inequities related to violence and unintentional injury, social support and psychological factors, protective, and lifestyle-related factors.PMID:34269168 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002774 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rashidul Alam Mahumud Angela J Dawson Wen Chen Tuhin Biswas Syed Afroza Keramat Rachael Lisa Morton Andre M N Renzaho Source Type: research

Childhood maltreatment disrupts HPA-axis activity under basal and stress conditions in a dose-response relationship in children and adolescents
This study investigates the impact of childhood maltreatment (CM) on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis functioning and on anxiety perception. Moreover, the influence of CM severity and frequency was also explored.METHODS: In total, 187 participants aged 7-17 were assessed for CM history using validated questionnaires and ad hoc interviews to be classified according to the criteria of the Tool for Assessing the Severity of Situations in which Children are Vulnerable (TASSCV). Psychopathology was ascertained using the K-SADS-PL5. To assess HPA-axis functioning, salivary cortisol samples were collected throughout a no...
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Laia Marques-Feixa Helena Palma-Gudiel Soledad Romero Jorge Moya-Higueras Marta Rapado-Castro Águeda Castro-Quintas I ñaki Zorrilla Mar ía José Muñoz Maite Ram írez Mar ía Mayoral Ariadna Mas Mar ía José Lobato Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla Lourdes F Source Type: research

The risk and protective factors for suicidal burden among 251 763 school-based adolescents in 77 low- and middle-income to high-income countries: assessing global, regional and national variations
CONCLUSIONS: The burden of school-going adolescent suicidal thoughts, suicide planning and suicide attempts is of particular concern in low-resource countries. Comprehensive suicide prevention programmes for school-going adolescents in LMICs are needed that address socio-cultural inequities related to violence and unintentional injury, social support and psychological factors, protective, and lifestyle-related factors.PMID:34269168 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002774 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rashidul Alam Mahumud Angela J Dawson Wen Chen Tuhin Biswas Syed Afroza Keramat Rachael Lisa Morton Andre M N Renzaho Source Type: research

Childhood maltreatment disrupts HPA-axis activity under basal and stress conditions in a dose-response relationship in children and adolescents
This study investigates the impact of childhood maltreatment (CM) on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis functioning and on anxiety perception. Moreover, the influence of CM severity and frequency was also explored.METHODS: In total, 187 participants aged 7-17 were assessed for CM history using validated questionnaires and ad hoc interviews to be classified according to the criteria of the Tool for Assessing the Severity of Situations in which Children are Vulnerable (TASSCV). Psychopathology was ascertained using the K-SADS-PL5. To assess HPA-axis functioning, salivary cortisol samples were collected throughout a no...
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Laia Marques-Feixa Helena Palma-Gudiel Soledad Romero Jorge Moya-Higueras Marta Rapado-Castro Águeda Castro-Quintas I ñaki Zorrilla Mar ía José Muñoz Maite Ram írez Mar ía Mayoral Ariadna Mas Mar ía José Lobato Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla Lourdes F Source Type: research

An empirical perspective on cigarette use in substance use recovery
Psychol Med. 2021 Jul 15:1-8. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002300. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34261564 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002300 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Renee D Goodwin Melody Wu Larry Davidson Source Type: research

An empirical perspective on cigarette use in substance use recovery
Psychol Med. 2021 Jul 15:1-8. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002300. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34261564 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002300 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Renee D Goodwin Melody Wu Larry Davidson Source Type: research

LSD, madness and healing: Mystical experiences as possible link between psychosis model and therapy model
CONCLUSIONS: The LSD state resembles a psychotic experience and offers a tool for healing. The link between psychosis model and therapeutic model seems to lie in mystical experiences. The results point to the importance of meaning attribution for the LSD psychosis model and indicate that psychedelic-assisted therapy might benefit from therapeutic suggestions fostering mystical experiences.PMID:34253268 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002531 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Isabel Wie ßner Marcelo Falchi Fernanda Palhano-Fontes Amanda Feilding Sidarta Ribeiro Lu ís Fernando Tófoli Source Type: research

LSD, madness and healing: Mystical experiences as possible link between psychosis model and therapy model
CONCLUSIONS: The LSD state resembles a psychotic experience and offers a tool for healing. The link between psychosis model and therapeutic model seems to lie in mystical experiences. The results point to the importance of meaning attribution for the LSD psychosis model and indicate that psychedelic-assisted therapy might benefit from therapeutic suggestions fostering mystical experiences.PMID:34253268 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002531 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Isabel Wie ßner Marcelo Falchi Fernanda Palhano-Fontes Amanda Feilding Sidarta Ribeiro Lu ís Fernando Tófoli Source Type: research

LSD, madness and healing: Mystical experiences as possible link between psychosis model and therapy model
CONCLUSIONS: The LSD state resembles a psychotic experience and offers a tool for healing. The link between psychosis model and therapeutic model seems to lie in mystical experiences. The results point to the importance of meaning attribution for the LSD psychosis model and indicate that psychedelic-assisted therapy might benefit from therapeutic suggestions fostering mystical experiences.PMID:34253268 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002531 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Isabel Wie ßner Marcelo Falchi Fernanda Palhano-Fontes Amanda Feilding Sidarta Ribeiro Lu ís Fernando Tófoli Source Type: research

Targeting dietary restraint to reduce binge eating: a randomised controlled trial of a blended internet- and smartphone app-based intervention
CONCLUSIONS: Highly focused digital interventions that target one central risk/maintaining factor may be sufficient to induce meaningful change in core eating disorder symptoms.PMID:34247660 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002786 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jake Linardon Mariel Messer Adrian Shatte David Skvarc John Rosato April Rathgen Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz Source Type: research

Behavioral activation therapy for depression is associated with a reduction in the concentration of circulating quinolinic acid - Erratum
Psychol Med. 2021 Jul 12:1. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002683. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34247661 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002683 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jonathan Savitz Bart N Ford Hung-Wen Yeh Elisabeth Akeman Kelly Cosgrove Ashley N Clausen Christopher Martell Namik Kirlic Jessica Santiago T Kent Teague Michael R Irwin Martin P Paulus Robin L Aupperle Source Type: research

How negative mood hinders belief updating in depression: results from two experimental studies
CONCLUSIONS: By indicating that the presence of negative mood can hinder the revision of negative beliefs in clinically depressed people, our findings suggest that learning from new experiences can be hampered if state negative mood is activated. Thus, interventions relying on learning from novel positive experiences should aim at reducing state negative mood in depression.PMID:34247664 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002798 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tobias Kube Lukas Kirchner Thomas G ärtner Julia Anna Glombiewski Source Type: research

Effectiveness, durability, and clinical correlates of the PEERS social skills intervention in young adults with autism spectrum disorder: the first evidence outside North America
CONCLUSION: Overall, the PEERS intervention appears to effectively improve social functioning in Taiwanese young adults with ASD. Improvement of social response and knowledge may be predicted by baseline severity and intelligence respectively.PMID:34247667 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002385 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yi-Ling Chien Wen-Che Tsai Wen-Hao Chen Chi-Liang Yang Susan Shur-Fen Gau Wei-Tsuen Soong Elizabeth Laugeson Yen-Nan Chiu Source Type: research

Causal inference with observational data: the need for triangulation of evidence - CORRIGENDUM
Psychol Med. 2021 Jul 8:1. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002634. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34236016 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002634 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gemma Hammerton Marcus R Munaf ò Source Type: research

Causal inference with observational data: the need for triangulation of evidence - CORRIGENDUM
Psychol Med. 2021 Jul 8:1. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002634. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34236016 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002634 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gemma Hammerton Marcus R Munaf ò Source Type: research

Causal inference with observational data: the need for triangulation of evidence - CORRIGENDUM
Psychol Med. 2021 Jul 8:1. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002634. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34236016 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002634 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gemma Hammerton Marcus R Munaf ò Source Type: research

Causal inference with observational data: the need for triangulation of evidence - CORRIGENDUM
Psychol Med. 2021 Jul 8:1. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002634. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34236016 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002634 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gemma Hammerton Marcus R Munaf ò Source Type: research

Recognizing flawed assumptions in suicide risk assessment research and clinical practice
Psychol Med. 2021 Jul 7:1-2. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002750. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34229771 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002750 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M David Rudd Source Type: research

Improving perinatal sleep via a scalable cognitive behavioural intervention: findings from a randomised controlled trial from pregnancy to 2 years postpartum
CONCLUSIONS: A scalable CBT sleep intervention is efficacious in buffering against sleep disturbance during pregnancy and benefitted sleep at 2-year postpartum, especially for individuals with insomnia symptoms during pregnancy. The intervention holds promise for implementation into routine perinatal care.PMID:34231450 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721001860 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bei Bei Donna M Pinnington Nina Quin Lin Shen Michelle Blumfield Joshua F Wiley Sean P A Drummond Louise K Newman Rachel Manber Source Type: research

Investigation of convergent and divergent genetic influences underlying schizophrenia and alcohol use disorder
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide further evidence that SCZ shares meaningful genetic overlap with AUD.PMID:34231451 | DOI:10.1017/S003329172100266X (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Emma C Johnson Manav Kapoor Alexander S Hatoum Hang Zhou Renato Polimanti Frank R Wendt Raymond K Walters Dongbing Lai Rachel L Kember Sarah Hartz Jacquelyn L Meyers Roseann E Peterson Stephan Ripke Tim B Bigdeli Ayman H Fanous Carlos N Pato Michele T Pat Source Type: research

Objective and subjective neighbourhood characteristics and suicidality: a multilevel analysis
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that much of the neighbourhood-level variation in suicidal thoughts and attempts could be explained by compositional factors, including sociodemographic clustering within neighbourhoods. The independent effect of neighbourhood-level deprivation and average residential trust provide evidence that the neighbourhood context may exert an independent effect on suicidality beyond the impact of individual characteristics.PMID:34231453 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002579 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jennifer Dykxhoorn Joseph Hayes Kavya Ashok Alma S örberg Wallin Christina Dalman Source Type: research

Recognizing flawed assumptions in suicide risk assessment research and clinical practice
Psychol Med. 2021 Jul 7:1-2. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002750. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34229771 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002750 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M David Rudd Source Type: research

Improving perinatal sleep via a scalable cognitive behavioural intervention: findings from a randomised controlled trial from pregnancy to 2 years postpartum
CONCLUSIONS: A scalable CBT sleep intervention is efficacious in buffering against sleep disturbance during pregnancy and benefitted sleep at 2-year postpartum, especially for individuals with insomnia symptoms during pregnancy. The intervention holds promise for implementation into routine perinatal care.PMID:34231450 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721001860 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bei Bei Donna M Pinnington Nina Quin Lin Shen Michelle Blumfield Joshua F Wiley Sean P A Drummond Louise K Newman Rachel Manber Source Type: research

Investigation of convergent and divergent genetic influences underlying schizophrenia and alcohol use disorder
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide further evidence that SCZ shares meaningful genetic overlap with AUD.PMID:34231451 | DOI:10.1017/S003329172100266X (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Emma C Johnson Manav Kapoor Alexander S Hatoum Hang Zhou Renato Polimanti Frank R Wendt Raymond K Walters Dongbing Lai Rachel L Kember Sarah Hartz Jacquelyn L Meyers Roseann E Peterson Stephan Ripke Tim B Bigdeli Ayman H Fanous Carlos N Pato Michele T Pat Source Type: research

Objective and subjective neighbourhood characteristics and suicidality: a multilevel analysis
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that much of the neighbourhood-level variation in suicidal thoughts and attempts could be explained by compositional factors, including sociodemographic clustering within neighbourhoods. The independent effect of neighbourhood-level deprivation and average residential trust provide evidence that the neighbourhood context may exert an independent effect on suicidality beyond the impact of individual characteristics.PMID:34231453 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002579 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jennifer Dykxhoorn Joseph Hayes Kavya Ashok Alma S örberg Wallin Christina Dalman Source Type: research

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with cognitive training in adolescent boys with ADHD: a double-blind, randomised, sham-controlled trial
CONCLUSIONS: This rigorous and largest RCT of tDCS in adolescent boys with ADHD found no evidence of improved ADHD symptoms or cognitive performance following multi-session anodal tDCS over rIFC combined with CT. These findings extend limited meta-analytic evidence of cognitive and clinical effects in ADHD after 1-5 tDCS sessions over mainly left dlPFC. Given that tDCS is commercially and clinically available, the findings are important as they suggest that rIFC stimulation may not be indicated as a neurotherapy for cognitive or clinical remediation for ADHD.PMID:34225830 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721001859 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Samuel J Westwood Marion Criaud Sheut-Ling Lam Steve Lukito Sophie Wallace-Hanlon Olivia S Kowalczyk Afroditi Kostara Joseph Mathew Deborah Agbedjro Bruce E Wexler Roi Cohen Kadosh Philip Asherson Katya Rubia Source Type: research

The non-specific nature of mental health and structural brain outcomes following childhood trauma
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that CT poses a transdiagnostic risk factor for mental health disorders, possibly related to depressive symptoms. While differences in the quality of CT exposure exist, diagnostic differentiation was not possible suggesting a multi-factorial pathogenesis.PMID:34225834 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002439 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Theresa K Haidl Dennis M Hedderich Marlene Rosen Nathalie Kaiser Mauro Seves Thorsten Lichtenstein Nora Penzel Julian Wenzel Lana Kambeitz-Ilankovic Anne Ruef David Popovic Frauke Schultze-Lutter Katharine Chisholm Rachel Upthegrove Raimo K R Salokangas C Source Type: research

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with cognitive training in adolescent boys with ADHD: a double-blind, randomised, sham-controlled trial
CONCLUSIONS: This rigorous and largest RCT of tDCS in adolescent boys with ADHD found no evidence of improved ADHD symptoms or cognitive performance following multi-session anodal tDCS over rIFC combined with CT. These findings extend limited meta-analytic evidence of cognitive and clinical effects in ADHD after 1-5 tDCS sessions over mainly left dlPFC. Given that tDCS is commercially and clinically available, the findings are important as they suggest that rIFC stimulation may not be indicated as a neurotherapy for cognitive or clinical remediation for ADHD.PMID:34225830 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721001859 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Samuel J Westwood Marion Criaud Sheut-Ling Lam Steve Lukito Sophie Wallace-Hanlon Olivia S Kowalczyk Afroditi Kostara Joseph Mathew Deborah Agbedjro Bruce E Wexler Roi Cohen Kadosh Philip Asherson Katya Rubia Source Type: research

The non-specific nature of mental health and structural brain outcomes following childhood trauma
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that CT poses a transdiagnostic risk factor for mental health disorders, possibly related to depressive symptoms. While differences in the quality of CT exposure exist, diagnostic differentiation was not possible suggesting a multi-factorial pathogenesis.PMID:34225834 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002439 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Theresa K Haidl Dennis M Hedderich Marlene Rosen Nathalie Kaiser Mauro Seves Thorsten Lichtenstein Nora Penzel Julian Wenzel Lana Kambeitz-Ilankovic Anne Ruef David Popovic Frauke Schultze-Lutter Katharine Chisholm Rachel Upthegrove Raimo K R Salokangas C Source Type: research

Effects of methylphenidate on mismatch negativity and P3a amplitude of initially psychostimulant-na ïve, adult ADHD patients
CONCLUSION: We found no evidence for early information processing deficits in patients with ADHD, as measured with MMN and P3a amplitude. Six-week treatment with MPH decreased P3a but not MMN amplitude, although more severe ADHD-symptoms were associated with larger MMN amplitudes in the patients. Given that P3a amplitude represents an important attentional process and that glutamate has been linked to both ADHD and MMN amplitude, future research should investigate augmenting MPH treatment of less responsive adults with ADHD with glutamatergic antagonists.PMID:34218835 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002373 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Julijana le Sommer Ann-Marie Low Jens Richardt M øllegaard Jepsen Birgitte Fagerlund Signe Vangkilde Thomas Habekost Birte Glenth øj Bob Oranje Source Type: research

Characteristics of patients with motor functional neurological disorder in a large UK mental health service: a case-control study - CORRIGENDUM
Psychol Med. 2021 Jul 1:1. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002658. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34193322 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002658 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: N O'Connell T R Nicholson S Wessely A S David Source Type: research

Mindfulness-based therapy for insomnia for older adults with sleep difficulties: a randomized clinical trial
CONCLUSIONS: MBTI is effective at improving subjective and objective sleep quality in older adults, and could be a valid alternative for persons who have failed or do not have access to standard frontline therapies.PMID:34193328 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002476 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Francesca Perini Kian Foong Wong Jia Lin Zuriel Hassirim Ju Lynn Ong June Lo Jason C Ong Kinjal Doshi Julian Lim Source Type: research

Characteristics of patients with motor functional neurological disorder in a large UK mental health service: a case-control study - CORRIGENDUM
Psychol Med. 2021 Jul 1:1. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002658. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34193322 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002658 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: N O'Connell T R Nicholson S Wessely A S David Source Type: research

Mindfulness-based therapy for insomnia for older adults with sleep difficulties: a randomized clinical trial
CONCLUSIONS: MBTI is effective at improving subjective and objective sleep quality in older adults, and could be a valid alternative for persons who have failed or do not have access to standard frontline therapies.PMID:34193328 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002476 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Francesca Perini Kian Foong Wong Jia Lin Zuriel Hassirim Ju Lynn Ong June Lo Jason C Ong Kinjal Doshi Julian Lim Source Type: research

Characteristics of patients with motor functional neurological disorder in a large UK mental health service: a case-control study - CORRIGENDUM
Psychol Med. 2021 Jul 1:1. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002658. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34193322 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002658 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: N O'Connell T R Nicholson S Wessely A S David Source Type: research

Mindfulness-based therapy for insomnia for older adults with sleep difficulties: a randomized clinical trial
CONCLUSIONS: MBTI is effective at improving subjective and objective sleep quality in older adults, and could be a valid alternative for persons who have failed or do not have access to standard frontline therapies.PMID:34193328 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002476 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Francesca Perini Kian Foong Wong Jia Lin Zuriel Hassirim Ju Lynn Ong June Lo Jason C Ong Kinjal Doshi Julian Lim Source Type: research

Characteristics of patients with motor functional neurological disorder in a large UK mental health service: a case-control study - CORRIGENDUM
Psychol Med. 2021 Jul 1:1. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002658. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34193322 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002658 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: N O'Connell T R Nicholson S Wessely A S David Source Type: research

Mindfulness-based therapy for insomnia for older adults with sleep difficulties: a randomized clinical trial
CONCLUSIONS: MBTI is effective at improving subjective and objective sleep quality in older adults, and could be a valid alternative for persons who have failed or do not have access to standard frontline therapies.PMID:34193328 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002476 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Francesca Perini Kian Foong Wong Jia Lin Zuriel Hassirim Ju Lynn Ong June Lo Jason C Ong Kinjal Doshi Julian Lim Source Type: research

Childhood externalizing, internalizing and comorbid problems: distinguishing young adults who think about suicide from those who attempt suicide
CONCLUSION: Childhood externalizing problems alone or combined with internalizing problems were associated with suicide attempts, but not ideation (without attempts), suggesting that these problems confer a specific risk for suicide attempts.PMID:34183077 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291721002464 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - June 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Melissa Commisso Caroline Temcheff Massimiliano Orri Martine Poirier Marianne Lau Sylvana C ôté Frank Vitaro Gustavo Turecki Richard Tremblay Marie-Claude Geoffroy Source Type: research

The problems with delay discounting: a critical review of current practices and clinical applications
Psychol Med. 2021 Jun 29:1-8. doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002282. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDelay discounting paradigms have gained widespread popularity across clinical research. Given the prevalence in the field, researchers have set lofty expectations for the importance of delay discounting as a key transdiagnostic process and a 'core' process underlying specific domains of dysfunction (e.g. addiction). We believe delay discounting has been prematurely reified as, in and of itself, a core process underlying psychological dysfunction, despite significant concerns with the construct validity of discounting rates. Specific...
Source: Psychological Medicine - June 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Allen J Bailey Ricardo J Romeu Peter R Finn Source Type: research