Subcortical structures associated with childhood trauma and perceived stress in schizophrenia
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with schizophrenia had more exposure to early-life trauma and poorer stress coping. Both childhood trauma and perceived stress were associated with smaller amygdala volumes. The relationship between early-life trauma and perceived stress was mediated by right amygdala GMV in patients with schizophrenia. These findings together suggest the long-term effects of childhood trauma on perceived stress and the subcortical volumetric correlates of the effects in schizophrenia.PMID:36154670 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291722002860 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - September 26, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fengmei Fan Shuping Tan Shibo Liu Song Chen Junchao Huang Zhiren Wang Fude Yang Chiang-Shan R Li Yunlong Tan Source Type: research

A longitudinal analysis of conspiracy beliefs and Covid-19 health responses
CONCLUSIONS: The results provide stronger support for the hypothesis that conspiracy beliefs predict health responses over time than for the hypothesis that health responses predict conspiracy beliefs over time.PMID:36154946 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291722002938 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - September 26, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jan-Willem van Prooijen David M Amodio Arnout Boot Anita Eerland Tom Etienne Andr é P M Krouwel Michal Onderco Peter Verkoeijen Rolf A Zwaan Source Type: research

Effectiveness of enhancing contact model on reducing family caregiving burden and improving psychological wellbeing among caregivers of persons with schizophrenia in rural China
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to explore the effectiveness of ECM on reducing family caregiving burden and improving hope and QOL in rural China. The results indicate the ECM intervention, a comprehensive and multifaceted intervention, is more effective than the PFI in various aspects of mental wellbeing among FCPWS. Future research needs to confirm ECM's effectiveness in various population.PMID:36154947 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291722002987 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - September 26, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yi-Zhou Wang Xue Weng Tian-Ming Zhang Ming Li Wei Luo Yin-Ling Irene Wong Lawrence H Yang Graham Thornicroft Lin Lu Mao-Sheng Ran Source Type: research

The neuropsychiatric aftermath of exposure to weapons of mass destruction: applying historical lessons to protect health during the war in Ukraine
Psychol Med. 2022 Sep 26:1-3. doi: 10.1017/S0033291722002872. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:36155634 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291722002872 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - September 26, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Joshua C Morganstein Evelyn J Bromet Jun Shigemura Source Type: research

Prediction of impending mood episode recurrence using real-time digital phenotypes in major depression and bipolar disorders in South Korea: a prospective nationwide cohort study
CONCLUSIONS: We predicted the onset of mood episode recurrences exclusively using digital phenotypes. Specifically, phenotypes indicating CR misalignment contributed the most to the prediction of episodes recurrences. Our findings suggest that monitoring of CR using digital devices can be useful in preventing and treating mood disorders.PMID:36146953 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291722002847 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - September 23, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Heon-Jeong Lee Chul-Hyun Cho Taek Lee Jaegwon Jeong Ji Won Yeom Sojeong Kim Sehyun Jeon Ju Yeon Seo Eunsoo Moon Ji Hyun Baek Dong Yeon Park Se Joo Kim Tae Hyon Ha Boseok Cha Hee-Ju Kang Yong-Min Ahn Yujin Lee Jung-Been Lee Leen Kim Source Type: research

Prediction of impending mood episode recurrence using real-time digital phenotypes in major depression and bipolar disorders in South Korea: a prospective nationwide cohort study
CONCLUSIONS: We predicted the onset of mood episode recurrences exclusively using digital phenotypes. Specifically, phenotypes indicating CR misalignment contributed the most to the prediction of episodes recurrences. Our findings suggest that monitoring of CR using digital devices can be useful in preventing and treating mood disorders.PMID:36146953 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291722002847 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - September 23, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Heon-Jeong Lee Chul-Hyun Cho Taek Lee Jaegwon Jeong Ji Won Yeom Sojeong Kim Sehyun Jeon Ju Yeon Seo Eunsoo Moon Ji Hyun Baek Dong Yeon Park Se Joo Kim Tae Hyon Ha Boseok Cha Hee-Ju Kang Yong-Min Ahn Yujin Lee Jung-Been Lee Leen Kim Source Type: research

Prediction of impending mood episode recurrence using real-time digital phenotypes in major depression and bipolar disorders in South Korea: a prospective nationwide cohort study
CONCLUSIONS: We predicted the onset of mood episode recurrences exclusively using digital phenotypes. Specifically, phenotypes indicating CR misalignment contributed the most to the prediction of episodes recurrences. Our findings suggest that monitoring of CR using digital devices can be useful in preventing and treating mood disorders.PMID:36146953 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291722002847 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - September 23, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Heon-Jeong Lee Chul-Hyun Cho Taek Lee Jaegwon Jeong Ji Won Yeom Sojeong Kim Sehyun Jeon Ju Yeon Seo Eunsoo Moon Ji Hyun Baek Dong Yeon Park Se Joo Kim Tae Hyon Ha Boseok Cha Hee-Ju Kang Yong-Min Ahn Yujin Lee Jung-Been Lee Leen Kim Source Type: research

Exposure to psychotropic medications and mortality in schizophrenia: a 5-year national cohort study
CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that in the treatment of schizophrenia, antipsychotics and antidepressants are associated with lower mortality when using adequate dosages and mood stabilizers and sedative-hypnotics with higher mortality compared with no use. Furthermore, exposure to sedative-hypnotics is associated with a dose-related increased mortality risk which warrants clinical attention and further study.PMID:36134676 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291722002732 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - September 22, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ji-Yu Lin Ling-Ling Yeh Yi-Ju Pan Source Type: research

Variables influencing conditioning-evoked hallucinations: overview and future applications
Psychol Med. 2022 Sep 23:1-13. doi: 10.1017/S0033291722002100. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTHallucinations occur in the absence of sensory stimulation and result in vivid perceptual experiences of nonexistent events that manifest across a range of sensory modalities. Approaches from the field of experimental and cognitive psychology have leveraged the idea that associative learning experiences can evoke conditioning-induced hallucinations in both animals and humans. In this review, we describe classical and contemporary findings and highlight the variables eliciting these experiences. We also provide an overview of the ne...
Source: Psychological Medicine - September 22, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Benjamin R Fry Dominic Roberts Katharine N Thakkar Alexander W Johnson Source Type: research

Exposure to psychotropic medications and mortality in schizophrenia: a 5-year national cohort study
CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that in the treatment of schizophrenia, antipsychotics and antidepressants are associated with lower mortality when using adequate dosages and mood stabilizers and sedative-hypnotics with higher mortality compared with no use. Furthermore, exposure to sedative-hypnotics is associated with a dose-related increased mortality risk which warrants clinical attention and further study.PMID:36134676 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291722002732 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - September 22, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ji-Yu Lin Ling-Ling Yeh Yi-Ju Pan Source Type: research

Neonatal withdrawal syndrome following in utero exposure to antidepressants: a disproportionality analysis of VigiBase, the WHO spontaneous reporting database
CONCLUSIONS: Most antidepressants are associated with moderate signals of disproportionate reporting for neonatal withdrawal syndrome, which should be considered when prescribing an antidepressant during pregnancy, irrespective of class.PMID:36128628 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291722002859 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - September 21, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: C Gastaldon E Arzenton E Raschi O Spigset D Papola G Ostuzzi U Moretti G Trifir ò C Barbui G Schoretsanitis Source Type: research

Associations of negative affective biases and depressive symptoms in a community-based sample
CONCLUSIONS: This suggests the presence of subtle negative affective biases at the level of emotion/condition in association with depressive symptoms across the sample, over and above those accounted for by non-affective cognition, with no evidence for affective biases in remitted individuals.PMID:36128632 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291722002720 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - September 21, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Laura de Nooij Mark J Adams Emma L Hawkins Liana Romaniuk Marcus R Munaf ò Ian S Penton-Voak Rebecca Elliott Amy R Bland Gordon D Waiter Anca-Larisa Sandu Tina Habota J Douglas Steele Alison D Murray Archie Campbell David J Porteous Generation Scotland A Source Type: research

Neonatal withdrawal syndrome following in utero exposure to antidepressants: a disproportionality analysis of VigiBase, the WHO spontaneous reporting database
CONCLUSIONS: Most antidepressants are associated with moderate signals of disproportionate reporting for neonatal withdrawal syndrome, which should be considered when prescribing an antidepressant during pregnancy, irrespective of class.PMID:36128628 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291722002859 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - September 21, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: C Gastaldon E Arzenton E Raschi O Spigset D Papola G Ostuzzi U Moretti G Trifir ò C Barbui G Schoretsanitis Source Type: research

Associations of negative affective biases and depressive symptoms in a community-based sample
CONCLUSIONS: This suggests the presence of subtle negative affective biases at the level of emotion/condition in association with depressive symptoms across the sample, over and above those accounted for by non-affective cognition, with no evidence for affective biases in remitted individuals.PMID:36128632 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291722002720 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - September 21, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Laura de Nooij Mark J Adams Emma L Hawkins Liana Romaniuk Marcus R Munaf ò Ian S Penton-Voak Rebecca Elliott Amy R Bland Gordon D Waiter Anca-Larisa Sandu Tina Habota J Douglas Steele Alison D Murray Archie Campbell David J Porteous Generation Scotland A Source Type: research

Social threat, fronto-cingulate-limbic morphometry, and symptom course in depressed adolescents: a longitudinal investigation
CONCLUSIONS: Social threat specifically affects fronto-cingulate-limbic pathways that contribute to the maintenance of depression in adolescents.PMID:36117278 | DOI:10.1017/S0033291722002239 (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - September 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Amar Ojha Giana I Teresi George M Slavich Ian H Gotlib Tiffany C Ho Source Type: research