Depression Treatment Options for Individuals With Developmental Disabilities
This research project was conducted in a group home in Illinois. It used a quasiexperimental design to implement a cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) protocol for treating minimal/mild depression in individuals with mild/moderate intellectual disabilities. This was done through a 2-fold approach that involved providing an educational module to the group home ’s clinical staff on depression recognition and treatment and providing the patients with minimal/mild depression with weekly CBT for 10 weeks. (Source: The Journal for Nurse Practitioners)
Source: The Journal for Nurse Practitioners - August 14, 2022 Category: Nursing Authors: Maria A. Bordeianu, Diane L. Smith Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Can integrating the Memory Support Intervention into cognitive therapy improve depression outcome? A randomized controlled trial
Behav Res Ther. 2022 Aug 6;157:104167. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2022.104167. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWe investigated if improving a patient's memory for the content of their treatment, via the Memory Support Intervention, improves illness course and functional outcomes. The platform for investigating this question was major depressive disorder (MDD) and cognitive therapy (CT). Adults diagnosed with MDD (N = 178) were randomly allocated to CT + Memory Support (n = 91) or CT-as-usual (n = 87). Both treatments were comprised of 20-26, 50-min sessions over 16 weeks. Blind assessments were conducted before and immediately foll...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 13, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lu Dong Garret Zieve Nicole B Gumport Courtney C Armstrong Cynthia G Alvarado-Martinez Armando Martinez Shayna Howlett Eve Fine Melanie Tran Mary E McNamara Claire Weaver Alison B Tuck Heather E Hilmoe Emma Agnew Krista Fisher Marlen Diaz Jason Y Lee Stev Source Type: research

Safety of psychological interventions for adult post-traumatic stress disorder: meta-analysis on the incidence and relative risk of deterioration, adverse events and serious adverse events
CONCLUSIONS: The current evidence base suggests that psychological interventions are safe for most adults with PTSD. In none of the analyses were psychological interventions associated with an increased risk of harm compared with control conditions. TF-CBT was found at least as safe as other psychological interventions. Individual face-to-face delivery might be the safest delivery format. However, more data are needed to draw firmer conclusions. We encourage research teams to routinely and thoroughly assess and report the incidence of harms and their causes.PMID:35959698 | DOI:10.1192/bjp.2022.111 (Source: The British Jour...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - August 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thole H Hoppen Anna S Lindemann Nexhmedin Morina Source Type: research

Worrying But Not Acting: The Role of Intolerance of Uncertainty in Explaining the Discrepancy in COVID-19-Related Responses
AbstractResearch indicates that Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) is associated with COVID-19 emotional responses, but not necessarily with engaging in COVID-19 preventative behaviors. The current study was designed to further evaluate this discrepancy. Participants (N  = 454) completed self-report forms about COVID-19 emotional responses (i.e., fear, worry, sensitivity to symptoms) and COVID-19 behavioral interference/responses (i.e., interference in daily activities, interference due to worry, and engagement in preventative behaviors). IU was positively asso ciated with COVID-19-related emotional responses as well as t...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - August 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on rumination and a task-based measure of intrusive thoughts in patients with bipolar disorder
Preliminary evidence suggests that Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is a promising treatment for bipolar disorder (BD). A proposed working mechanism of MBCT in attenuating depressive symptoms is redu... (Source: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders - August 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jelle Lubbers, Dirk Geurts, Imke Hanssen, Marloes Huijbers, Jan Spijker, Anne Speckens and Mira Cladder-Micus Tags: Research Source Type: research

Cost and effectiveness of one session treatment (OST) for children and young people with specific phobias compared to multi-session cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT): results from a randomised controlled trial
In the UK, around 93,000 (0.8%) children and young people (CYP) are experiencing specific phobias that have a substantial impact on daily life. The current gold-standard treatment —multi-session cognitive behav... (Source: BMC Psychiatry)
Source: BMC Psychiatry - August 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Han-I. Wang, Barry Wright, Lucy Tindall, Cindy Cooper, Katie Biggs, Ellen Lee, M. Dawn Teare, Lina Gega, Alexander J. Scott, Emily Hayward, Kiera Solaiman, Thompson Davis, Dean McMillan, Simon Gilbody and Steve Parrott Tags: Research Source Type: research

Psychological Resilience Level after Cognitive-Behavior Therapy in Old People with Empty Nest Syndrome - A single-case Experimental Design
CONCLUSIONS: This single-case experimental study supports the hypothesis that CBT improves resiliency in old people with empty nest syndrome.CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Cognitive Behavior Therapy is effective in increasing resiliency in old people with empty nest syndrome. The culture dynamics is an important component in the emergence and persistence of empty nest syndrome.PMID:35950313 | DOI:10.1080/07317115.2022.2108361 (Source: Clinical Gerontologist)
Source: Clinical Gerontologist - August 11, 2022 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Mitra Kabiri Kourosh Namdari Ahmad Abedi Source Type: research

Prefrontal cortical circuits in anxiety and fear: an overview
AbstractPathological anxiety is among the most difficult neuropsychiatric diseases to treat pharmacologically, and it represents a major societal problem. Studies have implicated structural changes within the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and functional changes in the communication of the PFC with distal brain structures in anxiety disorders. Treatments that affect the activity of the PFC, including cognitive therapies and transcranial magnetic stimulation, reverse anxiety- and fear-associated circuit abnormalities through mechanisms that remain largely unclear. While the subjective experience of a rodent cannot be precisely det...
Source: Frontiers of Medicine - August 9, 2022 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Accelerated HD-tDCS for rapid response in treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder: A case report
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common psychiatric disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 1 –3% and is associated with significant morbidity. Pharmacotherapy and Cognitive behavior therapy form the first line of treatment. However, around half of the patients with OCD do not respond to the above first-line treatments, necessitating the need for various augmentation strategies [1] and new er treatment modalities. Neuromodulation techniques such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) have shown promise as an add-on treatment for alleviating symptoms in various psychiatric disorders, including OCD [2]. (...
Source: BRAIN STIMULATION: Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research in Neuromodulation - August 9, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Harsh Pathak, Swarna Buddha Nayok, Logesh Kanakaraj, Himanshu Ghanghoriya, Vanteemar S. Sreeraj, Shivarama Varambally, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian Source Type: research

Social Exclusion and Depression among undergraduate students: the mediating roles of rejection sensitivity and social self-efficacy
Curr Psychol. 2022 Aug 3:1-10. doi: 10.1007/s12144-022-03318-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNowadays, depression has been a prominent mental health problem throughout the world. A common but negative social experience, social exclusion (also known as ostracism) is a great risk factor for individuals' health and adaptation. Undergraduate students are in a development period of challenges and transitions, so they are vulnerable to suffering from depression and negative social experiences. Against this background, the present study aimed to examine the association between social exclusion and undergraduate students' depress...
Source: Current Psychology - August 8, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Geng-Feng Niu Xiao-Han Shi Liang-Shuang Yao Wen-Cheng Yang Si-Yu Jin Lei Xu Source Type: research

Social Exclusion and Depression among undergraduate students: the mediating roles of rejection sensitivity and social self-efficacy
Curr Psychol. 2022 Aug 3:1-10. doi: 10.1007/s12144-022-03318-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNowadays, depression has been a prominent mental health problem throughout the world. A common but negative social experience, social exclusion (also known as ostracism) is a great risk factor for individuals' health and adaptation. Undergraduate students are in a development period of challenges and transitions, so they are vulnerable to suffering from depression and negative social experiences. Against this background, the present study aimed to examine the association between social exclusion and undergraduate students' depress...
Source: Current Psychology - August 8, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Geng-Feng Niu Xiao-Han Shi Liang-Shuang Yao Wen-Cheng Yang Si-Yu Jin Lei Xu Source Type: research

Social Exclusion and Depression among undergraduate students: the mediating roles of rejection sensitivity and social self-efficacy
Curr Psychol. 2022 Aug 3:1-10. doi: 10.1007/s12144-022-03318-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNowadays, depression has been a prominent mental health problem throughout the world. A common but negative social experience, social exclusion (also known as ostracism) is a great risk factor for individuals' health and adaptation. Undergraduate students are in a development period of challenges and transitions, so they are vulnerable to suffering from depression and negative social experiences. Against this background, the present study aimed to examine the association between social exclusion and undergraduate students' depress...
Source: Current Psychology - August 8, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Geng-Feng Niu Xiao-Han Shi Liang-Shuang Yao Wen-Cheng Yang Si-Yu Jin Lei Xu Source Type: research

Social Exclusion and Depression among undergraduate students: the mediating roles of rejection sensitivity and social self-efficacy
Curr Psychol. 2022 Aug 3:1-10. doi: 10.1007/s12144-022-03318-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNowadays, depression has been a prominent mental health problem throughout the world. A common but negative social experience, social exclusion (also known as ostracism) is a great risk factor for individuals' health and adaptation. Undergraduate students are in a development period of challenges and transitions, so they are vulnerable to suffering from depression and negative social experiences. Against this background, the present study aimed to examine the association between social exclusion and undergraduate students' depress...
Source: Current Psychology - August 8, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Geng-Feng Niu Xiao-Han Shi Liang-Shuang Yao Wen-Cheng Yang Si-Yu Jin Lei Xu Source Type: research