Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy for Generalised Anxiety Disorder: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: MBCT was effective for treating GAD. PMID: 32611828 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - July 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Reframing Time Spent Alone: Reappraisal Buffers the Emotional Effects of Isolation
ConclusionsOur results provide preliminary evidence that reappraising time alone as solitude may boost resilience to the decrements in positive mood associated with time alone. Limitations, clinical implications, and directions for future research are discussed. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - July 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Profiling Metacognition in Binge Eating Disorder
In this study we explored whether aspects of metacognition are relevant to the understanding of binge eating in patients with Binge Eating Disorder. We aimed to ascertain: (1) the presence of metacognitive beliefs about binge eating; (2) the goal of, and stop signal for, binge eating; and (3) the impact of binge eating on self-consciousness. Ten Binge Eating Disorder patients took part in the study and were assessed using the metacognitive profiling semi-structured interview. Results suggested that all patients endorsed both positive and negative metacognitive beliefs about binge eating. The goals of binge eating were stop...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Coping Matters Even with Math Performance Stress: Adolescents ’ Cognitive Coping with Math Performance Stress and Behavior Problems
AbstractPrevious research suggests performance stress and different subjective behavior problems among adolescents at school. However, there is evidence that cognitive coping is a strong tool for reflecting on and regulating internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Therefore, we investigated two assumptions: (1) Adolescents ’ subjective performance stress is positively related to different subjective behavior problems (e.g., impulsivity, conduct problems, and inattention). (2) Adolescents with a high tendency to cognitively cope with an exam in math and low levels of subjective performance stress report few...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive Fusion Mediates the Impact of Attachment Imagery on Paranoia and Anxiety
ConclusionsSecure attachment imagery is effective in reducing paranoia and anxiety  and operates via cognitive fusion. In clinical practice, these interventions should seek to facilitate the ability to ‘step back’ from compelling threat beliefs, in order to be most beneficial. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - July 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Preventive Cognitive Therapy With Antidepressant Discontinuation During Pregnancy: Results From a Randomized Controlled Trial.
Authors: Molenaar NM, Brouwer ME, Burger H, Kamperman AM, Bergink V, Hoogendijk WJG, Williams AD, Bockting CLH, Lambregtse-van den Berg MP PMID: 32603561 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research

Treatment outcomes in older adults with hoarding disorder: The impact of self-control, boredom and social support.
CONCLUSIONS: Increasing social support may improve treatment retention, and pre-emptively reducing sources of boredom and increasing self-control during treatment might improve outcomes for older adults with hoarding disorder. PMID: 32609947 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Australasian Journal on Ageing)
Source: Australasian Journal on Ageing - July 1, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Weiss ER, Landers A, Todman M, Roane DM Tags: Australas J Ageing Source Type: research

Psychological therapies for women who experience intimate partner violence.
CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence that for women who experience IPV, psychological therapies probably reduce depression and may reduce anxiety. However, we are uncertain whether psychological therapies improve other outcomes (self-efficacy, post-traumatic stress disorder, re-exposure to IPV, safety planning) and there are limited data on harm. Thus, while psychological therapies probably improve emotional health, it is unclear if women's ongoing needs for safety, support and holistic healing from complex trauma are addressed by this approach. There is a need for more interventions focused on trauma approaches and more rigorou...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - July 1, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Hameed M, O'Doherty L, Gilchrist G, Tirado-Muñoz J, Taft A, Chondros P, Feder G, Tan M, Hegarty K Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy for depression and anxiety among Arabic-speaking individuals in Sweden: a pilot randomized controlled trial.
Abstract Arabic-speaking immigrants and refugees constitute one of the largest immigrant groups in Sweden. Previous research on Arabic-speaking immigrants indicates elevated levels of psychological disorders, including depression and anxiety. The aim of the present pilot study was to examine the efficacy of an internet-delivered cognitive behavioural treatment (ICBT) in an Arabic-speaking immigrant population. The intervention was individually tailored based on self-described problems and consisted of nine modules targeting areas such as depression, anxiety and insomnia. In total, 59 individuals were included and ...
Source: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy - June 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lindegaard T, Seaton F, Halaj A, Berg M, Kashoush F, Barchini R, Ludvigsson M, Sarkohi A, Andersson G Tags: Cogn Behav Ther Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Intensive Empirically Supported Treatments for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
AbstractVarious clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have consistently identified two frontline evidence ‐based psychotherapies (EBPs)—prolonged exposure (PE) and cognitive processing therapy (CPT)—as well as other empirically supported treatments (EST), such as eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) and cognitive therapy for PTSD (CT for PTSD). However, researchers and clinicians c ontinue to be concerned with rates of symptom improvement and patient dropout within these treatments. Recent attempts to address these issues have resulted in intens...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - June 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nicole A. Sciarrino, Ashlee J. Warnecke, Ellen J. Teng Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Refining our understanding of depressive states and state transitions in response to cognitive behavioural therapy using latent Markov modelling.
CONCLUSIONS: This study presents a novel approach for depression sub-typing, defining fluid depressive states and exploring transitions between states in response to CBT. Understanding how different symptom profiles respond to therapy will inform the development and delivery of stratified treatment protocols, improving clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness of psychological therapies for patients with depression. PMID: 32597747 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - June 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Catarino A, Fawcett JM, Ewbank MP, Bateup S, Cummins R, Tablan V, Blackwell AD Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

Micro-level de-coupling of negative affect and binge eating in relationship to macro-level outcomes in binge eating disorder treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: Both ICAT-BED and CBTgsh were associated with de-coupling of momentary negative affect and binge-eating symptoms, which in turn relate to cognitive and behavioral treatment outcomes. Future research is warranted to identify differential mechanisms of change across ICAT-BED and CBTgsh. Results also highlight the importance of developing momentary interventions to more effectively de-couple negative affect and binge eating. PMID: 32597737 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - June 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Smith KE, Mason TB, Schaefer LM, Anderson LM, Hazzard VM, Crosby RD, Engel SG, Crow SJ, Wonderlich SA, Peterson CB Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia does not appear to have a substantial impact on early markers of cardiovascular disease: A preliminary randomized controlled trial.
Abstract According to the World Health Organization, cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in the world. Therefore, early prevention of these diseases is a public health priority. Epidemiological data suggest that insomnia may be a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. A randomized controlled trial in a sample of insomnia patients without cardiovascular disease was conducted to investigate the effects of insomnia treatment on early markers of cardiovascular diseases assessed by 24-hr ambulatory blood pressure, heart rate and heart rate variability monitoring, and morning fasting bloo...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - June 28, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Johann AF, Hertenstein E, Feige B, Akram U, Holub F, Baglioni C, Domschke K, Schramm E, Nissen C, Kyle SD, Riemann D, Biermann J, Spiegelhalder K Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research

Automated Mobile Phone Messaging Utilizing a Cognitive Behavioral Intervention: A Pilot Investigation.
Conclusion: Automated mobile phone messaging in outpatient tumor surgery yielded high interaction rates. Patient reported opioid utilization obtained through our platform demonstrated a high correlation with in-office pill counts. CBT delivered via automated mobile phone messaging demonstrated decreased opioid utilization in this pilot investigation.Level of evidence: II. PMID: 32577113 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Iowa orthopaedic journal)
Source: Iowa orthopaedic journal - June 27, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Iowa Orthop J Source Type: research

Prevalence and management of chronic insomnia in Swiss primary care: Cross-sectional data from the "Sentinella" practice-based research network.
Prevalence and management of chronic insomnia in Swiss primary care: Cross-sectional data from the "Sentinella" practice-based research network. J Sleep Res. 2020 Jun 25;:e13121 Authors: Maire M, Linder S, Dvořák C, Merlo C, Essig S, Tal K, Del Giovane C, Syrogiannouli L, Duss SB, Heinzer R, Nissen C, Bassetti CLA, Auer R Abstract We investigated the prevalence and treatment of patients with chronic insomnia presenting to Swiss primary care physicians (PCPs) part of "Sentinella", a nationwide practice-based research network. Each PCP consecutively asked 40 patients if they ...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - June 25, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Maire M, Linder S, Dvořák C, Merlo C, Essig S, Tal K, Del Giovane C, Syrogiannouli L, Duss SB, Heinzer R, Nissen C, Bassetti CLA, Auer R Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research

Examination of the Influence of Cognitive Behavior Therapy Components, Consumer Satisfaction and Engagement in Mothers Referred for Drug Abuse and Child Neglect on Treatment Outcomes.
In this study, the CBT components of an evidence-based treatment for child neglect and drug abuse (Family Behavior Therapy) were examined in regards to consumer preferences, consumer engagement and treatment outcomes. Thirty-five mothers identified for child neglect and drug abuse were administered various CBT components successively and cumulatively based on their preferences. Repeated measure ANOVAs indicated that participants chose to receive components that were specific to managing antecedents to drug abuse and child neglect most frequently, followed by parenting skills training, communication skills training, and job...
Source: Behavior Modification - June 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Plant CP, Donohue B, Freeman AJ, Allen DN Tags: Behav Modif Source Type: research

Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) interventions for young people aged 10 to 18 with harmful sexual behaviour.
CONCLUSIONS: It is uncertain whether CBT reduces HSB in male adolescents compared to other treatments. All studies had insufficient detail in what they reported to allow for full assessment of risk of bias. 'Risk of bias' judgements were predominantly rated as unclear or high. Sample sizes were very small, and the imprecision of results was significant. There is very low-certainty evidence that group-based CBT may improve victim empathy when compared to no treatment, and may improve cognitive distortions when compared to sexual education, but not treatment as usual. Further research is likely to change the estimate. More r...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - June 22, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Sneddon H, Gojkovic Grimshaw D, Livingstone N, Macdonald G Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Short-term exposure to dietary cholesterol is associated with downregulation of interleukin-15, reduced thigmotaxis and memory impairment in mice.
We report that short-term exposure to a high-cholesterol diet led to decreased thigmotaxis and short-term spatial memory impairment without affecting long-term recognition memory. Furthermore, cognitive and behavioral phenotypes in these mice were associated with a reduction in interleukin-15 levels in the absence of changes in other inflammatory mediators. Our findings indicate that interleukin-15 may play a role in early stages of cognitive impairment secondary to hypercholesterolemia. Consequently, optimization of interleukin-15 signaling may be a viable effective cognitive therapy in the population susceptible to devel...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - June 22, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Mayagoitia K, Shin SD, Rubini M, Siebold L, Wilson CG, Bellinger DL, Figueroa JD, Soriano S Tags: Behav Brain Res Source Type: research

A Case Report of Suicide Attempt Caused by Acute and Transient Psychotic Disorder during the COVID-19 Outbreak.
Conclusion. During the epidemic period, in addition to strengthening the protection work, we should also monitor the mental and psychological state of the population to prevent mental illness caused by coronavirus. PMID: 32550035 [PubMed] (Source: Case Reports in Psychiatry)
Source: Case Reports in Psychiatry - June 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Case Rep Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Interaction Between Mentalizing, Empathy and Symptoms in People with Eating Disorders: A Network Analysis Integrating Experimentally Induced and Self-report Measures
ConclusionsThis is the first network analysis study which integrates self-reported symptoms and objective socio-cognitive performance in people with EDs. Results highlight the importance of mentalizing abilities in that they contribute to maintenance of ED psychopathology and to empathic ability. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - June 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Anxiety Sensitivity Accelerates the Temporal Changes in Obsessions and Compulsions During Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
ConclusionHigher levels of baseline AS negatively impact response to CBT for OCD. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - June 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Living with persistent insomnia after cancer: A qualitative analysis of impact and management.
CONCLUSIONS: Insomnia was found to have a detrimental and pervasive impact on cancer survivors' quality of life, which persisted long into survivorship. There is an absence of professional attention to sleep throughout the cancer care trajectory, contributing to its prevalence, persistence, and impact. In order to break this cycle, sleep health should be integrated as a key aspect of cancer treatment and rehabilitation, much like maintaining a healthy diet and appropriate levels of physical activity. PMID: 32558129 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: British Journal of Health Psychology)
Source: British Journal of Health Psychology - June 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Reynolds-Cowie P, Fleming L Tags: Br J Health Psychol Source Type: research

The Role of Anxiety Sensitivity in Terms of Weight-Related Impairment and Fatigue Severity Among Adults with Obesity and Chronic Low Back Pain
ConclusionsThe findings suggest that anxiety sensitivity may be a mechanistic target for better understanding and addressing weight-related impairment and fatigue severity among individuals with obesity and chronic low back pain. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - June 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Homework Completion in Treating Obsessive –Compulsive Disorder with Exposure and Ritual Prevention: A Review of the Empirical Literature
ConclusionsHomework completion is an important component of treating OCD with ERP. More research is needed to improve assessment tools and test strategies to enhance homework completion. We conclude with key practice points and directions for future research. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - June 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Study of Dialectical Behavior Therapy Versus Cognitive Behavior Therapy on Emotion Regulation and Mindfulness in Patients with Generalized Anxiety Disorder
AbstractAlthough the effectiveness of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has not been addressed to date, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is the gold-standard psychotherapy for GAD patients. The present study investigated effects of DBT versus CBT on emotion regulation and mindfulness in GAD patients. Conducted in Iran, 68 GAD patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups: CBT or DBT. Assessment was performed at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and at 3  months follow-up. Evaluation included the Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7), Structured Clinical ...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy - June 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive-behavioural therapy for chronic subjective dizziness: Predictors of improvement in Dizziness Handicap Inventory at 6 months posttreatment.
Conclusions and significance: The presence of comorbid anxiety disorders predicted considerable improvement of DHI from pretreatment to 6-month follow-up. Group therapy including interoceptive exposure using vestibular rehabilitation, along with psychoeducation and behavioural experiments with graded exposure, may be particularly suitable in treating patients with CSD. PMID: 32543959 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica)
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - June 16, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Toshishige Y, Kondo M, Kabaya K, Watanabe W, Fukui A, Kuwabara J, Nakayama M, Iwasaki S, Furukawa TA, Akechi T Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research

Psychosocial Therapies Found to Boost Immune Function
Psychosocial interventions can improve the function of the immune system, according to ameta-analysis published inJAMA Psychiatry. These findings may be particularly timely in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, as people with weaker immune systems are at higher risk of worse outcomes from COVID-19.“These [improvements] were most consistent for CBT [cognitive-behavioral therapy] and for interventions incorporating multiple psychotherapies,” wrote Grant Shields, Ph.D., of the University of California, Davis, and colleagues. “Moreover, they did not differ by participants’ age, sex, or in tervention durati...
Source: Psychiatr News - June 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: cognitive-behavioral therapy Grant Shields immune system meta-analysis psychosocial interventions Source Type: research

Standards for Socially-and Achievement-Oriented Roles in Major Depressive Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder
ConclusionDespite similar standards for socially- and achievement-oriented roles, people with MDD and/or GAD are less likely to meet their standards and gain satisfaction from these roles. Having MDD, independent of GAD, is associated with putting less effort into achievement-oriented roles. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - June 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Perfectionist? You Don ’t Need to Sleep: An interplay of Daytime Sleepiness and Task Performance
AbstractPrior studies show the relationship between perfectionism and insomnia, and the detrimental effects of insomnia on performance, job satisfaction, self-control, organizational citizenship behavior, and interpersonal deviance. In the present study, we hypothesize that perfectionism has a significant impact on task performance. However, the relationship between the two is riddled by daytime sleepiness. The indirect effect of perfectionism on performance through daytime sleepiness is contingent upon the perfectionism level of an individual. Empirical investigation of the hypothesized relationships was conducted on four...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Childhood Trauma and the Response to Group Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
ConclusionChildhood trauma does not seem to have an effect on the treatment response to dedicated GCBT for CFS sufferers over time. Therefore, in the allocation of patients to this kind of treatment, a history of childhood trauma should not be seen as prohibitive. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - June 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Change in the Neural Response to Auditory Deviance Following Cognitive Therapy for Hallucinations in Patients With Schizophrenia
Adjunctive psychotherapeutic approaches recommended for patients with schizophrenia (SZ) who are fully or partially resistant to pharmacotherapy have rarely utilized biomarkers to enhance the understanding of treatment-effective mechanisms. As SZ patients with persistent auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) frequently evidence reduced neural responsiveness to external auditory stimulation, which may impact cognitive and functional outcomes, this study examined the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy for voices (CBTv) on clinical and AVH symptoms and the sensory processing of auditory deviants as measured with the elect...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - June 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Processing and Resolving Major Life Stressors: An Examination of Meaning-Making Strategies
ConclusionsMeaning-making strategies may have distinct roles in adjustment, with some conferring immediate benefits, while others confer benefits over time and perhaps only to the extent that it leads to greater meaning made. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - June 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Affect Recall Bias: Being Resilient by Distorting Reality
ConclusionsWhile people appear to use retrospective PA overestimation as a strategy to enhance well-being and resilience, they are not likely to underestimate past negative experiences to feel better. Accordingly, owning an optimistic vision of the past may represent an adaptive “distortion” of reality that fosters people’s mental health. The clinical implications of cultivating PA and learning strategies to regulate both negative and positive emotions are discussed. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - June 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Dialectical behavior therapy adapted for binge eating compared to cognitive behavior therapy in obese adults with binge eating disorder: a controlled study
ConclusionsThe results of this study show that CBT+ produces better outcomes than the less intensive DBT-BED on several measures. Yet, regardless of the dose-difference, the data suggest that DBT-BED and CBT+ lead to comparable levels of clinically meaningful change in global eating disorder psychopathology. Future recommendations include the need for dose-matched comparisons in a sufficiently powered randomized controlled trial, and the need to determine mediators and moderators of treatment outcome.Trial registrationNederlands Trial Register:NL3982 (NTR4154). Date of registration: 2013 August 28, retrospectively register...
Source: Journal of Eating Disorders - June 10, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

The Role of Learning Support and Chat-Sessions in Guided Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adolescents With Anxiety: A Factorial Design Study
ConclusionICBT can be an effective alternative when treating adolescents with anxiety. Learning support could be of importance to enhance short-term treatment effects, and should be investigated further. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - June 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Interpersonal Problem-Solving Measure for Elementary School Students: Development and Preliminary Evaluation in a Third Grade Student Sample
AbstractInterpersonal problem-solving ability takes an increasingly important role in the socialization process during childhood. This paper describes the development and preliminary evaluation of the interpersonal problem-solving inventory for elementary school students (IPSI). The IPSI is a process measure structured into five subscales: Positive problem-solving behavior; Negative problem-solving behavior; Rational problem-solving behavior; Impulsive behavior; and Avoidance behavior. The scale was administered to a Vietnamese elementary student sample that consists of 437 third grade students (M  = 8.67, SD...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Development of a Social Problem Solving Test for Elementary School Students
This study describes the development of a social problem solving test for elementary school students (SPSTE). The SPSTE scales are performance measures of social problem-solving competence that is based on a multidimensional theoretical model of social problem solving and utilized a combined cross-situational and cognitive-behavior-analytic approach. The scales measure the social cognitive-affective aspects, specific-problem defining skills, and basic problem-solving abilities that were used by children in their interpersonal relations in their own words. The SPSTE-A (form A for the 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade students) consis...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Publication Trends in Psychotherapy: Bibliometric Analysis of the Past 5 Decades.
CONCLUSIONS: Possible explanations for these publication trends were considered, including the emergence of the evidence-based therapy movement and various sociohistorical changes. Potential psychotherapy publications trends in the future are discussed. PMID: 32506985 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Psychotherapy)
Source: American Journal of Psychotherapy - June 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Soares EE, Thrall JN, Stephens TN, Rodriguez Biglieri R, Consoli AJ, Bunge EL Tags: Am J Psychother Source Type: research

Trauma-informed art and play therapy: Pilot study outcomes for children and mothers in domestic violence shelters in the United States and South Africa.
CONCLUSION: This pilot trauma-informed art and play therapy group intervention holds promise in mitigating the effects of IPV for children and mothers in domestic violence shelters. PMID: 32512265 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Abuse and Neglect)
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - June 5, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Woollett N, Bandeira M, Hatcher A Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research

Rumination: Practicing Retrieval of Autobiographical Memories
ConclusionRecalling personal memories benefits from prior practice in bringing them to mind. However, these results provide insufficient evidence to recommend training recall of positive autobiographical memories to counteract rumination. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - June 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Fear of illness recurrence and mental health anxiety in people recovering from psychosis and common mental health problems.
CONCLUSIONS: This study found that those with psychosis experienced higher FIR than those with common mental health problems. Furthermore, people defining themselves as in recovery are worried about relapse and the extent of this is linked to mental health anxiety. Given that such responses may contribute to actual relapse, it is important that these issues are better understood and interventions developed to ameliorate them. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Following recovery, fear of relapse may be particularly high in those with experience of psychosis; it is also present in those with common mental health problems The importa...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - June 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jamalamadaka T, Griffith E, Steer H, Salkovskis P Tags: Br J Clin Psychol Source Type: research

The Relative Impact of Cognitive and Behavioral Skill Comprehension and Use During CBT for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
ConclusionsThese results demonstrate that higher levels of skill comprehension as well as skill frequency are associated with OCD symptom alleviation. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Influence of Implicit Theories of Depression on Treatment-Relevant Attitudes
ConclusionsPresenting depression as malleable may be associated with more positive attitudes towards treatment, although the impact on actual treatment engagement warrants future investigation. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - June 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

"I don't think I took her fears seriously." Exploring the experiences of family members of individuals at-risk of developing psychosis over 12-months.
This study is the first of its kind to use a novel longitudinal qualitative methodology to directly compare family/carers earlier experiences supporting ARMS individuals to 12-months later. This provides a more ecologically valid insight into how perceptions change over time and how family/carers adapt. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten family/carers at two points within a 12-month period. This study was embedded within a randomised control trial, the Individual and Family Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (IFCBT) trial. Interview transcripts were analysed using thematic analysis, with a focus on how experienc...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Reducing dropout in acceptance and commitment therapy, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, and problem-solving therapy for chronic pain and cancer patients using motivational interviewing.
CONCLUSIONS: A brief MI telephone intervention may improve adherence to group CBTs in cancer and chronic pain. PRACTITIONER POINTS: A brief motivational interviewing (MI) telephone intervention may reduce dropout from group cognitive-behavioural therapies (CBTs) for cancer and chronic pain patients when administered after the first group session in routine care. Recipients of this intervention were five times more likely to complete a group CBT programme than those who did not receive it. Therefore, a minimal-dose MI intervention can have clinically important effects on dropout in group CBTs for patients with long-ter...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Malins S, Biswas S, Rathbone J, Vogt W, Pye N, Levene J, Moghaddam N, Russell J Tags: Br J Clin Psychol Source Type: research

Szomatiz ációs zavarok kezelése gyermekkorban: bizonyítottan hatékony pszichoterápiás módszerek.
CONCLUSION: Cognitive behavior therapy is the treatment of choice in SSD for children and young people. Applying the biopsychosocial approach is a key issue in the assessment of predisposing and maintaining factors, ensuring that only methods based on scientific evidence will be applied to help these children. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(25): 1050-1058. PMID: 32516123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Orvosi Hetilap)
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - June 1, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tamás RB, Perczel-Forintos D, Máté O, Gyenge Z Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research

Perceived social support and posttraumatic stress symptoms in children and youth in therapy: A parallel process latent growth curve model.
This study examined associations between perceived social support and PTSS in children and adolescents during trauma therapy. Parallel process latent growth curve modeling was used to examine trajectories of perceived social support and PTSS over five measurement waves in a sample of 156 patients, aged between 10 and 18 years (M age = 15.1, SD = 2.2, 79.5% girls), randomized to receive trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy (TF-CBT) or therapy-as-usual (TAU). Across all participants there was an average decline in PTSS and increase of perceived social support from pre-therapy to 18 months after thera...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Birkeland MS, Holt T, Ormhaug SM, Jensen TK Tags: Behav Res Ther Source Type: research

[Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Diagnosis, Treatment and Challenges in the General Practice].
e M Abstract Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Diagnosis, Treatment and Challenges in the General Practice Abstract. Body dysmorphic disorder (point prevalence: 1.7-2.4 %) is characterized by excessive preoccupation with one or more subjectively perceived blemishes of the appearance, as a result of which those affected show a high burden of disease due to avoidance behavior and time-consuming rituals, and often secondary problems (including depression, suicidal tendencies). The disorder is often accompanied by pronounced shame and is therefore associated with challenges in diagnostics, which is why the indication and spec...
Source: Praxis - May 29, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Watzke B, Rufer M, Drüge M Tags: Praxis (Bern 1994) Source Type: research

Implementation outcomes of cognitive behavioural therapy delivered by non-specialists for common mental disorders and substance-use disorders in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
Due to severe shortages of specialist mental health personnel in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), psychological therapies are increasingly being delivered by non-specialist health workers (NSHWs). Pre... (Source: International Journal of Mental Health Systems)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health Systems - May 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ibone J. Verhey, Grace K. Ryan, Nathaniel Scherer and Jessica F. Magidson Tags: Review Source Type: research

Awfulizing: Some Conceptual and Therapeutic Considerations
AbstractIn this paper, I will consider the concept of awfulizing, typically seen in REBT theory as a secondary irrational belief that is derived from the primary irrational belief, known as demandingness, or more colloquially as musturbation. I will look at how the concept of awfulizing has been defined in REBT and some of the objections to its use in therapy and beyond. If REBT therapists are going to target awfulizing beliefs for change then this needs to be done carefully and within the context of a good working alliance. I will outline some important considerations that therapists need to be aware of when working with ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research