The role of stress and psychiatric comorbidities as targets of non-pharmacological therapeutic approaches for migraine.
Authors: Pancheri C, Maraone A, Roselli V, Altieri M, Di Piero V, Biondi M, Pasquini M, Tarsitani L Abstract This narrative review addresses the interconnections among stress, mental disorders and migraine with a specific focus on non-pharmacological interventions that may be effective in improving both migraine and the psychiatric comorbidity. Migraine is often comorbid with depression, anxiety, personality disorders, and sleep disorders. Subjective stress and stressors are common triggers for migraine attacks and are risk factors for chronification, whilst mental disorders and stress responses are closely linked ...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - October 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research

Tapering Antidepressants While Receiving Digital Preventive Cognitive Therapy During Pregnancy: An Experience Sampling Methodology Trial
Conclusion: This explorative study showed that tapering ADM while receiving online PCT may protect pregnant women against recurrences of depression and affect fluctuations, without affecting birth weight. There is a high need for more controlled studies focusing on tapering ADM with (online) psychological interventions during pregnancy. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - October 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Which Variations of a Brief Cognitive Bias Modification Session for Interpretations Lead to the Strongest Effects?
ConclusionsPresenting valenced interpretations of ambiguous information during brief CBM-I, regardless of the format, can lead to changes in interpretation bias. However, most conditions did not differ from the no task control condition on other post-training assessments (and differences that did occur may be due to chance). Future trials should consider further testing of CBM-I that targets flexibility related to emotional material, and should include an increased number of sessions and trials. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reframing the Past: Role of Memory Processes in Emotion Regulation
ConclusionsBased on this literature, we conclude that memory reactivation plays a crucial role in memory modification. We discuss further the potential role of memory reactivation in mediating the success of cognitive reappraisal, which may be considered a special case of memory modification. We propose that the completeness, or strength, of reactivation during retrospective emotion regulation will be related to the likelihood of updating an episodic memory, reducing its emotional impact upon later recall. Understanding the role of memory processes in emotion regulation can help to inform research on memory-based treatment...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Behavioral Treatment of Insomnia and Sleep Disturbances in School-Aged Children and Adolescents
Insomnia and related sleep disturbances are prevalent among youth and are associated with adverse consequences, including poorer psychiatric functioning. Behavioral sleep interventions, ranging from brief educational interventions to behavioral therapies (cognitive behavior therapy –insomnia), are associated with positive outcomes for pediatric sleep health. In addition, sleep interventions may improve psychiatric health for children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental and internalizing disorders. Additional research is necessary to clarify the efficacy of these interven tions over the long-term and across demogr...
Source: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America - October 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jessica R. Lunsford-Avery, Tatyana Bidopia, Leah Jackson, Jessica Solis Sloan Source Type: research

The Mediator Role of Negative Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies Between Interpersonal Problems and Borderline Personality Beliefs
AbstractInterpersonal difficulties and emotion regulation are the core characteristics of borderline personality disorders (BPD). However, how emotion regulation strategies contribute to the association between interpersonal problems and borderline personality symptomatology have not been highlighted within cognitive theory. The current study aims to examine the mediator role of cognitive emotion regulation strategies between interpersonal problems and borderline personality beliefs. The study consisted of 648 (381 women and 267 male) people from Turkey. In addition to Socio-Demographic Form, Cognitive Emotion Regulation Q...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Testing the Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Relieving Nurses ’ Ageism Toward Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial
ConclusionsCBT is an effective evidence-based psychological intervention for relieving nurses ’ ageism towards older adults. The psychological well-being of nurses caring for older adults is crucial, and new techniques should be adopted to relieve nurses’ accumulated stress and decrease their death anxiety. Future studies which investigate the effectiveness of CBT on other forms of discr imination, such as racism and sexism in healthcare settings, are recommended. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Strengthening positive social pathways via digital social applications in individuals with social skills deficits: A scoping review.
CONCLUSION: Guided digital social support interventions result in open and flexible access to various resources through supportive social networks, for patients and their family members/carers. PMID: 33076755 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Salehi A, Salehi E, Mosadeghi-Nik M, Sargeant S, Fatehi F Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 7629: The Quality, Readability, Completeness, and Accuracy of PTSD Websites for Firefighters
Carleton Firefighters appear at an increased risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Because of PTSD-related stigma, firefighters may search for information online. The current study evaluated the quality, readability, and completeness of PTSD online resources, and to determine how the online treatment recommendations align with current evidence. Google.ca (Canada) searches were performed using four phrases: ‘firefighter PTSD’, ‘firefighter operational stress’, ‘PTSD symptoms’, and ‘PTSD treatment’....
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Killip Kwong MacDermid Fletcher Carleton Tags: Article Source Type: research

Emotion-Regulation in Psychosis: Patients with Psychotic Disorders Apply Reappraisal Successfully
ConclusionThese findings question the common assumption that PD use reappraisal less often or less successfully. At least under laboratory condition, PD do not appear to be impaired in reducing negative affect via reappraisal successfully. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Manipulating Alcohol Expectancies in Social Anxiety: A Focus on Beliefs About Losing Control
ConclusionsAlthough this experiment used a non-clinical sample, beliefs about losing control may be important to consider when conceptualizing social anxiety and treating associated symptoms from a cognitive-behavioural framework. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: Nonpharmacologic, Noninvasive Treatments.
Abstract Chronic low back pain, neck pain, hip and knee osteoarthritis, and fibromyalgia are the most common types of chronic musculoskeletal pain. Because no individual therapy has consistent benefit, a multimodal treatment approach to chronic musculoskeletal pain is recommended. Many nonpharmacologic, noninvasive treatment approaches yield small to moderate improvement and can be used with pharmacologic or more invasive modalities. Systematic reviews and guidelines support the effectiveness of various forms of exercise in improving pain and function in patients with chronic pain. Cognitive behavior therapy and m...
Source: American Family Physician - October 15, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Flynn DM Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research

Feasibility trial of cognitive behavioural therapy for fatigue in haemodialysis (BReF intervention)
This study assessed the feasibility, acceptability, and potential benefits of a cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) intervention for fatigue (BReF intervention). (Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management)
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - October 14, 2020 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Federica Picariello, Rona Moss-Morris, Sam Norton, Iain C. Macdougall, Maria Da Silva-Gane, Ken Farrington, Hope Clayton, Joseph Chilcot Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Interventions to improve return to work in depressed people.
CONCLUSIONS: A combination of a work-directed intervention and a clinical intervention probably reduces the number of sickness absence days, but at the end of one year or longer follow-up, this does not lead to more people in the intervention group being at work. The intervention may also reduce depressive symptoms and probably increases work functioning more than care as usual. Specific work-directed interventions may not be more effective than usual work-directed care alone. Psychological interventions may reduce the number of sickness absence days, compared with care as usual. Interventions to improve cli...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - October 13, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Nieuwenhuijsen K, Verbeek JH, Neumeyer-Gromen A, Verhoeven AC, Bültmann U, Faber B Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

[Integrated care management for older people with chronic diseases in domesticity: evidence from Cochrane reviews].
CONCLUSION: The effectiveness of the identified components in frail older patients should be assessed in care-related and patient-related randomized controlled studies. PMID: 33044620 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie und Geriatrie)
Source: Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie und Geriatrie - October 12, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Göhner A, Bitzer EM, Dreher E, Farin-Glattacker E, Heimbach B, Kohler K, Maun A, Metzner G, Voigt-Radloff S Tags: Z Gerontol Geriatr Source Type: research

Assessment of the Effectiveness of Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in Reducing Pathological Gambling
This study examined the effectiveness of group cognitive-behavioural therapy (GCBT) on pathological gambling among Nigerian students. The study used a group randomised controlled trial design to assign participants to intervention and control groups. A total of 40 undergraduate students, aged 18 –30, were classified as pathological gamblers (participants) in this study. Participants completed self-report scales titled South oaks gambling screen and Gambling Symptom Assessment Scale at three-time points. The intervention lasted for 8 weeks. The data collected were statistically analysed u sing repeated-measures A...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - October 10, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Impacts of cognitive behavior therapy on occupational stress among science and social science education facilitators in open and distance learning centers and its implications for community development: A randomized trial group
Conclusion: Cognitive behavior therapy is effective in the management of occupational stress among science and social science education facilitators in distance learning centers. (Source: Medicine)
Source: Medicine - October 9, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Trial/Experimental Study Source Type: research

Early Life Adversity as a Moderator of Symptom Change following Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
ConclusionsFindings suggest that SSRIs may be particularly effective for individuals with ELA and CBT may be particularly effective for individuals without ELA in reducing depression, but not anxiety, symptoms. Clinical implications and future directions are discussed. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Effect of State and Trait Self-Critical Rumination on Acute Distress: An Exploratory Experimental Investigation
AbstractSelf-critical rumination is a process whereby individuals focus attention on past failures and inadequacies without consideration for improvement or problem-solving. Past research has demonstrated that self-critical rumination is a separate process from the experience of having intrusive self-critical thoughts and that engaging in self-critical rumination is strongly correlated with beliefs that it is uncontrollable or represents a weakness of character. What is less clear at this time, however, is the impact that self-critical rumination has on levels of distress when faced with failure. Thirty volunteers who were...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Dismantling Mindfulness-Based Programs: a Systematic Review to Identify Active Components of Treatment
ConclusionsFuture studies examining mindfulness-based programs should continue to attempt to dismantle active ingredients of treatment and use the findings to update theoretical models of mindfulness. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - October 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychiatric Disorders in Facial Plastic Surgery.
Abstract Body dysmorphic disorder and borderline personality disorder are common in esthetic practices and occur in up to 15% of patients. Operating on these patients may not only lead to dissatisfaction but may also worsen their premorbid condition and can induce negative behavior toward the practice. Preventing surgery and referring patients for cognitive therapy is essential. An adequate understanding of these conditions and the available screening tools is indispensable for all esthetic practitioners. Unrealistic emotional attribution to a facial shape, multiple procedures, a near-normal nose at the outset, ch...
Source: The Surgical Clinics of North America - October 5, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Wever CCC, Wever AMEA, Constantian M Tags: Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am Source Type: research

Management of Test Anxiety Among Pupils in Basic Science Using Music-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy Intervention: Implication for Community Development
AbstractEffectiveness of music-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) intervention has been established on various participants such as students in secondary schools, university students, and other categories of adults. However, there is a dearth of literature on the effectiveness of music-based CBT intervention program on the management of primary school pupils ’ test anxiety in basic science. Thus, this study sought the effectiveness of a music-based CBT intervention program on the management of test anxiety among pupils. A randomized controlled trial experimental design was adopted for the study using a sample of ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Inducing Affective Learning Biases with Cognitive Training and Prefrontal tDCS: A Proof-of-Concept Study
ConclusionsNegative training induced a mild negative bias in healthy adults as reflected in loss-driven choice behaviour. Prefrontal tDCS had no effect. Further research is needed to assess if this training procedure can be adapted to enhance learning from positive outcomes and whether effects translate to affective disorders. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Telehealth-delivered CBT-I programme enhanced by acceptance and commitment therapy for insomnia and hypnotic dependence: A pilot randomized controlled trial.
Abstract Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia is the recommended treatment for chronic insomnia. However, up to a quarter of patients dropout from cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia programmes. Acceptance, mindfulness and values-based actions may constitute complementary therapeutic tools to cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia. The current study sought to evaluate the efficacy of a remotely delivered programme combining the main components of cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (sleep restriction and stimulus control) with the third-wave cognitive behavioural therapy acceptance and comm...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - October 4, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Chapoutot M, Peter-Derex L, Schoendorff B, Faivre T, Bastuji H, Putois B Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research

Response to letter to the editor on "Cognitive behavior therapy for health anxiety: systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical efficacy and health economic outcomes.
Response to letter to the editor on "Cognitive behavior therapy for health anxiety: systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical efficacy and health economic outcomes. Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res. 2020 Sep 30;: Authors: Axelsson E, Hedman-Lagerlöf E PMID: 32998586 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research)
Source: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research - October 3, 2020 Category: Health Management Tags: Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res Source Type: research

Frontal tDCS and Emotional Reactivity to Negative Content: Examining the Roles of Biased Interpretation and Emotion Regulation
ConclusionsThe present results are consistent with neural models implicating increased frontal activity with reduction in emotional reactivity, but provides no support for the role of interpretive bias in this relationship, and no evidence that tDCS enhanced the effects of emotion regulation. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Factor Structure of the Revised Indecisiveness Scale and Association with Risks for and Symptoms of Anxiety, Depression, and Attentional Control
AbstractIndecisiveness is trait-like difficulty making decisions across time and situations. Past investigations indicate that indecisiveness is associated with Major Depressive Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and Obsessive –Compulsive Disorder as well as with neuroticism, Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU), and avoidance. The most used measure of indecisive is Frost and Shows’ (Behav Res Therapy, 1993. http://doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967(93)90121-a) Indecisiveness Scale (IS), which has been revised to remove situation-s pecific indecision items. Research evaluating the original and revised IS (RIS) has found...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Impact of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy on Depressive Symptoms Reduction among Depressed Patients in Nigeria: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Authors: Musa ZA, Soh KL, Mukhtar F, Soh KY, Oladele TO, Soh KG Abstract Depression is a common mental health disease with a high risk of relapse in people with a mental health condition. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) showed higher efficacy in reducing depressive symptoms and prevent relapse for depressed patients. The study examined the effectiveness of MBCT versus the control group (CG) for the depression symptom reduction. A controlled trial was used to examine the effectiveness of MBCT or CG on depressive patients in Nigeria. Out of 357 screened subjects, 101 patients were randomized to receive eit...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - October 2, 2020 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Psychotherapy, Atomoxetine or Both? Preliminary Evidence from a Comparative Study of Three Types of Treatment for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children
ConclusionsThe combined treatment seems to be superior to the medication alone on parent ratings on ADHD symptoms, however, on clinical ratings on ADHD diagnosis and functioning there are no significant group differences between treatments. Future larger trials with follow-up assessments are needed to test the stability of the effects over time. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

O6 A narrative intervention to decrease individual level abortion stigma: A randomized controlled trial
Objectives: Abortion stigma is pervasive in the US.  While abortion itself does not cause mental illness, abortion stigma may worsen psychological responses to the procedure. Few intervention studies have addressed abortion stigma. Psychological research demonstrates improved coping through cognitive restructuring and reconstructing personal narrati ves. With a theoretical framework grounded in cognitive therapy, this study tests whether a narrative intervention reduces abortion stigma. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - October 1, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: M. Sackeim, S. Newton, S.Y. Lee, D. Lauderdale, M. Gilliam Source Type: research

52.4 improving child and adolescent cbt competence using competency-based supervision
This study reports on trainee improvement of CBT competence using the CTRS-CA and compares 2 strategies for monitoring trainee competence. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Omar G. Gudino Tags: Clinical Perspectives 52 Source Type: research

52.3 implementation of a competency-based supervision model using a standardized measure (cognitive therapy rating scale for children and adolescents [ctrs-ca]) of clinician cbt practice
Over the past 2 years, Kinark Child and Family Services in Ontario, Canada has moved toward a competency-based supervision model that aims to improve clinical practice and treatment outcomes by enhancing practitioner competency and supporting adherence to evidence-based treatment models. We will describe how this children ’s mental health agency transformed its case management supervision approach to a competency-based one. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Laurel Johnson, Kelli Phythian, Alex K. Elkader Tags: Clinical Perspectives 52 Source Type: research

Brief Training to Modify the Breadth of Attention Influences the Generalisation of Fear
ConclusionsParticipants trained to attend to stimuli in a local/analytical manner showed higher magnitude of fear acquisition and generalisation than participants trained to attend in a global/holistic way. Breadth of attentional focus can influence overall fear levels and fear generalisation and this can be manipulated via attentional training. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-Reported Cognitive Functions Predict the Trajectory of Paranoid Ideation Over a 15-Year Prospective Follow-Up
ConclusionsSelf-reported cognitive functions seem to predict paranoid ideation over a long-term follow-up. Promoting cognitive functions in early interventions may have long-term protective influences against the development of paranoid ideation in non-clinical populations. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Letter to the editor on "Cognitive behavior therapy for health anxiety: systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical efficacy and health economic outcomes".
Letter to the editor on "Cognitive behavior therapy for health anxiety: systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical efficacy and health economic outcomes". Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res. 2020 Sep 26;: Authors: Pellegrini L, Laws KR, Albert U, Reid J, Fineberg NA PMID: 32985281 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research)
Source: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research - September 30, 2020 Category: Health Management Tags: Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res Source Type: research

Daily-Life Negative Affect in Emotional Distress Disorders Associated with Altered Frontoinsular Emotion Regulation Activation and Cortical Gyrification
ConclusionsResults suggest frontoinsular emotion regulation activation and gyrification abnormalities could be markers of increased daily-life negative affect and important treatment targets for emotional distress disorders. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and Positive Psychotherapy for Major Depression.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: In the past two decades, newer psychotherapy treatments have emerged for the treatment of major depression. This review aimed to comprehensively synthesize the evidence for mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), and positive psychotherapy (PPT) in treating a current episode of major depression. METHODS: A systematic search of the Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and Cochrane databases was conducted for randomized controlled trials of MBCT, ACT, and PPT for major depression. Standardized mean differences were calculated with Hedges' g to complete...
Source: American Journal of Psychotherapy - September 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Seshadri A, Orth SS, Adaji A, Singh B, Clark MM, Frye MA, McGillivray J, Fuller-Tyszkiewicz M Tags: Am J Psychother Source Type: research

---
Mental health professionals working with children to improve their daily functioning and to facilitate healthy development need strategies that have been carefully studied and shown to be helpful. Cognitive Therapy with Children and Adolescents (Third Edition), edited by Philip C. Kendall, illustrates the application of such evidence-based and empirically supported strategies through rich clinical case descriptions and fulfills this need. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - September 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yaara Shimshoni Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

CBT MobileWork © : User-Centered Development and Testing of a Mobile Mental Health Application for Depression
ConclusionsCBT MobileWork© has preliminary feasibility for CBT skills practice and may benefit patients with CBT homework completion. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effects of hypnosis, cognitive therapy, hypnotic cognitive therapy, and pain education in adults with chronic pain: a randomized clinical trial
This study evaluated the relative efficacy of 4 treatment sessions each of 4 nonpharmacological treatments: (1) hypnotic cognitive therapy (using hypnosis to alter the meaning of pain); (2) standard cognitive therapy; (3) hypnosis focused on pain reduction, and (4) pain education. One hundred seventy-three individuals with chronic pain were randomly assigned to receive 4 sessions of 1 of the 4 treatments. Primary (pain intensity) and secondary outcome measures were administered by assessors unaware of treatment allocation at pretreatment, posttreatment, and 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up. Treatment effects were evaluated u...
Source: Pain - September 24, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Effects of an integrative approach to bipolar disorders combining psychoeducation, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and functional remediation: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Publication date: July–September 2020Source: Revista de Psiquiatría y Salud Mental (English Edition), Volume 13, Issue 3Author(s): Èlia Valls, José Sánchez-Moreno, C. Mar Bonnín, Brisa Solé, Mireia Prime-Tous, Imma Torres, Mercè Brat, Patricia Gavin, Ivette Morilla, Laura Montejo, Esther Jiménez, Cristina Varo, Carla Torrent, Diego Hidalgo-Mazzei, Eduard Vieta, Anabel Martínez-Arán, María Reinares (Source: Revista de Psiquiatria y Salud Mental)
Source: Revista de Psiquiatria y Salud Mental - September 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy in Children and Adolescents with Type 2 Diabetes
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAmong adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D), cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), acceptance and commitment therapy, and mindfulness interventions have demonstrated improvement in depression, anxiety, and glycemic control. We assessed whether these treatment modalities have shown usefulness in adolescents with T2D or at risk for T2D.Recent FindingsData are limited on the use of the abovementioned therapeutic interventions and include only adolescent girls at risk for T2D. CBT was as useful as health education sessions. At 1  year, greater decreases in depression, insulin resistance, and BMI were ob...
Source: Current Diabetes Reports - September 21, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Cognitive Control Training in Healthy Older Adults: A Proof of Concept Study on the Effects on Cognitive Functioning, Emotion Regulation and Affect
ConclusionAt this point, the CCT seems not suitable to enhance cognitive resilience factors in older non-depressed individuals. However, there is need for more research on possible moderators of the effects, as well as larger-scale studies with longer follow-up measurements. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Predictors of relapse and recurrence following cognitive behavioural therapy for anxiety-related disorders: a systematic review.
This study aimed to identify predictors of relapse of anxiety after CBT for adult (18+) patients to enable the identification of "at-risk" patients who could potentially benefit from relapse prevention interventions. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted, including studies found in PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science, and through hand-searches of references lists and reverse citations. Nine studies met eligibility criteria (N = 532 patients). On average, 23.8% of patients experienced relapse following completion of CBT. A total of 21 predictors were identified and grouped into seven catego...
Source: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy - September 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lorimer B, Kellett S, Nye A, Delgadillo J Tags: Cogn Behav Ther Source Type: research

Speech-Language Pathologists' Practices for Addressing Cognitive Deficits in College Students With Traumatic Brain Injury.
Conclusion Results of the literature search indicate that evidence is lacking to support specific practices for use by speech-language pathologists with this population and highlight future research needs to inform clinical practice. PMID: 32955917 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - September 20, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ackley K, Brown J Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research

“What Might Have Been…”: Counterfactual Thinking, Psychological Symptoms and Posttraumatic Growth When a Loved One is Missing
ConclusionsVarious types of CFT are differentially related to psychological symptoms with downward CFT facilitating posttraumatic growth in some individuals. Implications for psychological interventions are discussed. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Imagery Rescripting of Painful Memories in Social Anxiety Disorder: A Qualitative Analysis of Needs Fulfillment and Memory Updating
ConclusionsFindings illuminate the clinical processes through which socially traumatic memories in SAD may be updated in IR by guiding patients to fulfill their needs and promote improved emotional health. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder in the elderly. A longitudinal study.
CONCLUSION: The treatment of PTSD by cognitive-behavioural therapy adapted to elderly people without cognitive impairment, or with mild cognitive or memory disorders, allows for a lasting disappearance of symptoms and an improvement in quality of life. PMID: 32928534 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Weekly Self-Ratings of Treatment Involvement and Their Relation to Symptom Reduction in Internet Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia
ConclusionsThe results strengthen subjective knowledge gain as a candidate for use as a predictor of treatment effects in ICBT-i. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Residual Anxiety in Patients with Bipolar Disorder in Full or Partial Remission: Metacognitive Beliefs and Neurocognitive Function
ConclusionsMaladaptive metacognitive beliefs are associated with residual anxiety in remitted patients with BD. Treatments that specifically target maladaptive metacognitive beliefs may have potential to reduce anxiety in remitted phases of BD  and enhance patients’ functional recovery and quality of life. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - September 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research