Cognitive therapy, mindfulness-based stress reduction, and behavior therapy for the treatment of chronic pain: randomized controlled trial
Trials of cognitive therapy (CT), mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), and behavior therapy (BT) suggest that all 3 treatments produce reductions in pain and improvements in physical function, mood, and sleep disturbance in people with chronic pain conditions. Fewer studies have compared the relative efficacies of these treatments. In this randomized controlled study, we compared CT, MBSR, BT, and treatment as usual (TAU) in a sample of people with chronic low back pain (N = 521). Eight individual sessions were administered with weekly assessments of outcomes. Consistent with the prior work, we found that CT, MBSR, a...
Source: Pain - January 24, 2022 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Transdiagnostic Applications of Competitive Memory Training (COMET) on Low Self-Esteem and Comorbid Depression: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
ConclusionsCOMET is a promising transdiagnostic intervention producing moderate enhancements in low self-esteem and moderate reductions in comorbid depression compared to control conditions in a variety of emotional disorders.Study RegistrationProspero ID: CRD42021237905. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 24, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Six-month outcomes of the CODES randomised controlled trial of cognitive behavioural therapy for dissociative seizures: a secondary analysis
While psychological interventions are considered to be the treatment of choice for adults with dissociative seizures (DS), evidence for such treatments was limited prior to the ‘Cognitive behavioural therapy vs standardised medical care for adults with Dissociative non-Epileptic Seizures (CODES)’ Trial. The CODES trial set out to investigate the effectiveness of standardised medical care (SMC) alone versus DS-specific Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) plus SMC for ad ults with DS [1–3]. Before completion of the CODES trial only two pilot randomised controlled trials (RCTs) had been completed using diffe...
Source: Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy - January 24, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Laura H. Goldstein, Emily J. Robinson, Trudie Chalder, Markus Reuber, Nick Medford, Jon Stone, Alan Carson, Michele Moore, Sabine Landau Tags: REVISION Source Type: research

Public Health Nurse-delivered Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Postpartum Depression: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Can J Psychiatry. 2022 Jan 21:7067437221074426. doi: 10.1177/07067437221074426. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of group cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for postpartum depression (PPD) delivered by public health nurses with little to no previous psychiatric training at improving depression, worry, social support and the mother-infant relationship.METHODS: Mothers (n = 141) living in Ontario, Canada with Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale Scores ≥10 and an infant
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - January 21, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ryan J Van Lieshout Haley Layton Calan D Savoy Erika Haber Andrea Feller Anne Biscaro Peter J Bieling Mark A Ferro Source Type: research

Public Health Nurse-delivered Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Postpartum Depression: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Can J Psychiatry. 2022 Jan 21:7067437221074426. doi: 10.1177/07067437221074426. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of group cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for postpartum depression (PPD) delivered by public health nurses with little to no previous psychiatric training at improving depression, worry, social support and the mother-infant relationship.METHODS: Mothers (n = 141) living in Ontario, Canada with Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale Scores ≥10 and an infant
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - January 21, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ryan J Van Lieshout Haley Layton Calan D Savoy Erika Haber Andrea Feller Anne Biscaro Peter J Bieling Mark A Ferro Source Type: research

Public Health Nurse-delivered Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Postpartum Depression: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Can J Psychiatry. 2022 Jan 21:7067437221074426. doi: 10.1177/07067437221074426. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of group cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for postpartum depression (PPD) delivered by public health nurses with little to no previous psychiatric training at improving depression, worry, social support and the mother-infant relationship.METHODS: Mothers (n = 141) living in Ontario, Canada with Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale Scores ≥10 and an infant
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - January 21, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ryan J Van Lieshout Haley Layton Calan D Savoy Erika Haber Andrea Feller Anne Biscaro Peter J Bieling Mark A Ferro Source Type: research

Effect of perioperative cognitive behavioural therapy on chronic post-surgical pain among breast cancer patients with high pain catastrophising characteristics: protocol for a double-blinded randomised controlled trial
Surgery is regarded as the primary treatment for breast cancer. Chronic post-surgical pain (CPSP) is a recognised complication after breast cancer surgery, and it is estimated to affect 20 –30% of women. Pain c... (Source: Trials)
Source: Trials - January 21, 2022 Category: General Medicine Authors: Aneurin Moorthy, Damien Lowry, Carla Edgley, Maire-Brid Casey and Donal Buggy Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

Groups 4 Health versus cognitive-behavioural therapy for depression and loneliness in young people: randomised phase 3 non-inferiority trial with 12-month follow-up
CONCLUSIONS: G4H was non-inferior to CBT for depression and showed a slight advantage over CBT for loneliness that emerged after treatment completion.PMID:35049477 | DOI:10.1192/bjp.2021.128 (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - January 20, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tegan Cruwys Catherine Haslam Joanne A Rathbone Elyse Williams S Alexander Haslam Zoe C Walter Source Type: research

Comparative efficacy and acceptability of psychotherapies for panic disorder with or without agoraphobia: systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
CONCLUSIONS: CBT and short-term psychodynamic therapy are reasonable first-line choices. Studies with high risk of bias tend to inflate the overall efficacy of treatments. Results from this systematic review and network meta-analysis should inform clinicians and guidelines.PMID:35049483 | DOI:10.1192/bjp.2021.148 (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - January 20, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Davide Papola Giovanni Ostuzzi Federico Tedeschi Chiara Gastaldon Marianna Purgato Cinzia Del Giovane Alessandro Pompoli Darin Pauley Eirini Karyotaki Marit Sijbrandij Toshi A Furukawa Pim Cuijpers Corrado Barbui Source Type: research

Groups 4 Health versus cognitive-behavioural therapy for depression and loneliness in young people: randomised phase 3 non-inferiority trial with 12-month follow-up
CONCLUSIONS: G4H was non-inferior to CBT for depression and showed a slight advantage over CBT for loneliness that emerged after treatment completion.PMID:35049477 | DOI:10.1192/bjp.2021.128 (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - January 20, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tegan Cruwys Catherine Haslam Joanne A Rathbone Elyse Williams S Alexander Haslam Zoe C Walter Source Type: research

Comparative efficacy and acceptability of psychotherapies for panic disorder with or without agoraphobia: systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
CONCLUSIONS: CBT and short-term psychodynamic therapy are reasonable first-line choices. Studies with high risk of bias tend to inflate the overall efficacy of treatments. Results from this systematic review and network meta-analysis should inform clinicians and guidelines.PMID:35049483 | DOI:10.1192/bjp.2021.148 (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - January 20, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Davide Papola Giovanni Ostuzzi Federico Tedeschi Chiara Gastaldon Marianna Purgato Cinzia Del Giovane Alessandro Pompoli Darin Pauley Eirini Karyotaki Marit Sijbrandij Toshi A Furukawa Pim Cuijpers Corrado Barbui Source Type: research

Evidence-based practice in cognitive-behavioural therapy
Cognitive–behavioural therapy (CBT) is a practical, goal-focused approach that helps children understand the relationship between their thoughts, feelings and behaviours. The aim is to identify the dysfunctional and distorted cognitions associated with their psychological problems and to create more functional and balanced cognitive patterns that create less emotional distress and more helpful behaviours. CBT has strong evidence as an effective intervention for children and adolescents with emotional problems. The benefits for children with physical health and chronic conditions appear promising, although further res...
Source: Archives of Disease in Childhood - January 20, 2022 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stallard, P. Tags: Review Source Type: research

Patient Perspectives on Co-Therapists ’ Behaviors in Group CBT
This study explores patients ’ experiences of therapist behaviour and how it is helpful and hindering for progress in cognitive behavioural therapy groups for anxiety and depression. We interviewed 23 patients from 17 different CBT groups. The fully transcribed texts were analyzed using Braun& Clarke ’s thematic analysis with blinded double coding of 26% of the material. The resulting themes were (1)the co-therapists, (2)the way to communicate, (3)the session structure, and (4)the therapists as group facilitators. Helpful and hindering aspects were highlighted in each theme. A novel finding of the study was...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy - January 20, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Interventions to reduce post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in health care professionals from 2011 to 2021: a scoping review
Conclusions The scoping review provides a practical summary of the intervention characteristics for reducing the PTSD symptoms of healthcare professionals. Hospitals and managers could use the overview of interventions to assist healthcare professionals with PTSD symptoms. More research investigating the effects of PTSD symptom-reducing interventions for healthcare professionals with appropriate follow-up assessments is needed in the future. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - January 20, 2022 Category: General Medicine Authors: Qian, J., Wang, W., Sun, S., Liu, L., Sun, Y., Yu, X. Tags: Open access, Medical management Source Type: research

Receipt of evidence-based care for children and adolescents with anxiety in Australia
CONCLUSION: Overall, children and adolescents in this study seeking support for their anxiety symptoms were not receiving adequate evidence-based care, regardless of socioeconomic status and location. These findings indicate there is a need to increase the receipt of cognitive-behavioural therapy for children and adolescents with anxiety symptoms. The findings should tentatively be interpreted, given data were collected during the COVID-19 pandemic.PMID:35044881 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211068780 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Esther Gandhi Maddison OGradey-Lee Alana Jones Jennifer L Hudson Source Type: research

Receipt of evidence-based care for children and adolescents with anxiety in Australia
CONCLUSION: Overall, children and adolescents in this study seeking support for their anxiety symptoms were not receiving adequate evidence-based care, regardless of socioeconomic status and location. These findings indicate there is a need to increase the receipt of cognitive-behavioural therapy for children and adolescents with anxiety symptoms. The findings should tentatively be interpreted, given data were collected during the COVID-19 pandemic.PMID:35044881 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211068780 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Esther Gandhi Maddison OGradey-Lee Alana Jones Jennifer L Hudson Source Type: research

Receipt of evidence-based care for children and adolescents with anxiety in Australia
CONCLUSION: Overall, children and adolescents in this study seeking support for their anxiety symptoms were not receiving adequate evidence-based care, regardless of socioeconomic status and location. These findings indicate there is a need to increase the receipt of cognitive-behavioural therapy for children and adolescents with anxiety symptoms. The findings should tentatively be interpreted, given data were collected during the COVID-19 pandemic.PMID:35044881 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211068780 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Esther Gandhi Maddison OGradey-Lee Alana Jones Jennifer L Hudson Source Type: research

Receipt of evidence-based care for children and adolescents with anxiety in Australia
CONCLUSION: Overall, children and adolescents in this study seeking support for their anxiety symptoms were not receiving adequate evidence-based care, regardless of socioeconomic status and location. These findings indicate there is a need to increase the receipt of cognitive-behavioural therapy for children and adolescents with anxiety symptoms. The findings should tentatively be interpreted, given data were collected during the COVID-19 pandemic.PMID:35044881 | DOI:10.1177/00048674211068780 (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - January 19, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Esther Gandhi Maddison OGradey-Lee Alana Jones Jennifer L Hudson Source Type: research

The Experience of Insomnia in Patients With Schizophrenic Disorder: A Qualitative Study
ConclusionsTo know the experience of users gives us a more comprehensive understanding of insomnia complexities and brings some new intervention strategies in patients with mental disorders. It is important that health professionals intervene preventively to stop the disorder from becoming chronic. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - January 17, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Does Hopelessness Accurately Predict How Bad You Will Feel in the Future? Initial Evidence of Affective Forecasting Errors in Individuals with Elevated Suicide Risk
ConclusionsResults from two studies offer preliminary evidence for the existence of affective forecasting errors near the time of a suicide attempt/during periods of elevated suicide risk. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 17, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Initial Severity and Depressive Relapse in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Antidepressant Medications: An Individual Patient Data Meta-analysis
ConclusionsRegardless of a patient ’s baseline symptom severity, CBT and ADM-c both prevent depressive relapse substantially better than medication discontinuation. Given the shorter duration of treatment and equivalent longer-term outcomes, treatment with CBT might be considered a first choice for adults with depression. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 15, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Comparison of Interactions Among Children, Parents, and Therapists in Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Anxiety Disorders in Australia and Japan
This study suggests that interactions between a child, parent, and therapist during CBT sessions may be affected by the culture in which the CBT session occurs, which could have implications for culturally adapted CBT programs.PMID:35027157 | DOI:10.1016/j.beth.2021.05.008 (Source: Behavior Therapy)
Source: Behavior Therapy - January 14, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shin-Ichi Ishikawa Mia Romano Jennifer L Hudson Source Type: research

Illicit Drug Use, Cognitive Distortions, and Suicidal Ideation Among Homeless Youth: Results From a Randomized Controlled Trial
Behav Ther. 2022 Jan;53(1):92-104. doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2021.06.004. Epub 2021 Jul 1.ABSTRACTIllicit drug use and cognitive distortions confer significant risks to youth suicidal thoughts and behaviors. However, there has been limited evidence regarding the efficacy of suicide prevention interventions with homeless youth, especially studies testing whether such interventions can reduce the risk for suicidal ideation associated with illicit drug use. Suicidal homeless youth (N = 150) between the ages of 18 to 24 years were recruited from a drop-in center. Youth were randomly assigned to Cognitive Therapy for Suicide Preventi...
Source: Behavior Therapy - January 14, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Qiong Wu Jing Zhang Laura Walsh Natasha Slesnick Source Type: research

A Comparison of Interactions Among Children, Parents, and Therapists in Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Anxiety Disorders in Australia and Japan
This study suggests that interactions between a child, parent, and therapist during CBT sessions may be affected by the culture in which the CBT session occurs, which could have implications for culturally adapted CBT programs.PMID:35027157 | DOI:10.1016/j.beth.2021.05.008 (Source: Behavior Therapy)
Source: Behavior Therapy - January 14, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shin-Ichi Ishikawa Mia Romano Jennifer L Hudson Source Type: research

Illicit Drug Use, Cognitive Distortions, and Suicidal Ideation Among Homeless Youth: Results From a Randomized Controlled Trial
Behav Ther. 2022 Jan;53(1):92-104. doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2021.06.004. Epub 2021 Jul 1.ABSTRACTIllicit drug use and cognitive distortions confer significant risks to youth suicidal thoughts and behaviors. However, there has been limited evidence regarding the efficacy of suicide prevention interventions with homeless youth, especially studies testing whether such interventions can reduce the risk for suicidal ideation associated with illicit drug use. Suicidal homeless youth (N = 150) between the ages of 18 to 24 years were recruited from a drop-in center. Youth were randomly assigned to Cognitive Therapy for Suicide Preventi...
Source: Behavior Therapy - January 14, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Qiong Wu Jing Zhang Laura Walsh Natasha Slesnick Source Type: research

Illicit Drug Use, Cognitive Distortions, and Suicidal Ideation Among Homeless Youth: Results From a Randomized Controlled Trial
Behav Ther. 2022 Jan;53(1):92-104. doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2021.06.004. Epub 2021 Jul 1.ABSTRACTIllicit drug use and cognitive distortions confer significant risks to youth suicidal thoughts and behaviors. However, there has been limited evidence regarding the efficacy of suicide prevention interventions with homeless youth, especially studies testing whether such interventions can reduce the risk for suicidal ideation associated with illicit drug use. Suicidal homeless youth (N = 150) between the ages of 18 to 24 years were recruited from a drop-in center. Youth were randomly assigned to Cognitive Therapy for Suicide Preventi...
Source: Behavior Therapy - January 14, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Qiong Wu Jing Zhang Laura Walsh Natasha Slesnick Source Type: research

A Comparison of Interactions Among Children, Parents, and Therapists in Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Anxiety Disorders in Australia and Japan
This study suggests that interactions between a child, parent, and therapist during CBT sessions may be affected by the culture in which the CBT session occurs, which could have implications for culturally adapted CBT programs.PMID:35027157 | DOI:10.1016/j.beth.2021.05.008 (Source: Behavior Therapy)
Source: Behavior Therapy - January 14, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shin-Ichi Ishikawa Mia Romano Jennifer L Hudson Source Type: research

From Social Avoidance to Substance Use: Working Memory and Negative Affectivity Predict Maladaptive Regulatory Behaviors in Daily Life Across Diagnostic Groups
ConclusionThese findings suggest that the most robust model of cognitive-emotional processes driving maladaptive regulatory behavior in daily life includes both cognitive control and trait negative affectivity. This model appears useful across diagnostic groups and findings provide preliminary support for the consideration of these behaviors as a class. These results suggest key targets for future research, including the consideration of these behaviors as a class, in treatment. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 13, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A comparison of the effects of sudden gains and depression spikes on short- and long-term depressive symptoms in a randomized controlled trial of behavioral activation and cognitive behavioural therapy.
Conclusions: The short- and long-term impact of discontinuous change varied by type of treatment package. Identifying strategies within treatment packages and client processes that are associated with gains and spikes may help to inform treatment planning and clinical decision-making. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - January 13, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Parent-Led Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Children with Autism Spectrum Conditions. A Pilot Study
This article reports on a pilot study of a parent-only cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) programme for parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and anxiety difficulties. Twenty-one parents of anxious children with ASD (5-11 of age) completed the From Timid to Tiger intervention. Parent outcome measures were assessed at post-intervention and at 3-month follow-up. Analysis indicated significant reductions in both parent and clinician reports of child anxiety symptoms. Specifically, 38% of children were free of their primary diagnosis at treatment end and this increased to 57% when measured at 3-month follow...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gary Byrne Áine Ní Ghráda Teresa O'Mahony Source Type: research

Parent-Led Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Children with Autism Spectrum Conditions. A Pilot Study
This article reports on a pilot study of a parent-only cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) programme for parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and anxiety difficulties. Twenty-one parents of anxious children with ASD (5-11 of age) completed the From Timid to Tiger intervention. Parent outcome measures were assessed at post-intervention and at 3-month follow-up. Analysis indicated significant reductions in both parent and clinician reports of child anxiety symptoms. Specifically, 38% of children were free of their primary diagnosis at treatment end and this increased to 57% when measured at 3-month follow...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gary Byrne Áine Ní Ghráda Teresa O'Mahony Source Type: research

Effects of episodic future thinking on reinforcement pathology during smoking cessation treatment among individuals with substance use disorders
AbstractRationaleReinforcer pathology (RP) is a theoretical model based on two processes: delay discounting (DD) and drug demand. Given that RP has been shown to have a predictive value on smoking behaviors, several studies have explored which interventions can reduce RP. Consistent with the RP framework, episodic future thinking (EFT) has shown effects on treatment outcomes and RP processes. The vast majority of studies that assess the effects of EFT on RP consist of experimental studies, and no previous research has tested these effects in a clinical sample of smokers.ObjectivesThe primary aim of this study was to assess...
Source: Psychopharmacology - January 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Potential Predictors of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for Fear of Flying: Anxiety Sensitivity, Self-efficacy and the Therapeutic Alliance
ConclusionsThe findings provide evidence that initial changes in self-efficacy, pre-treatment anxiety sensitivity, and therapeutic alliance are significant predictors of response to VRET for specific phobia. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 10, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Descriptive review of internet-based cognitive behavior therapy on anxiety-related problems in children under the circumstances of COVID-19
COVID-19 continues to have a global impact and has yet to converge. Behavioral restrictions in daily life are widespread, forcing changes to the behavioral patterns of people. Significant changes have also occ... (Source: BioPsychoSocial Medicine)
Source: BioPsychoSocial Medicine - January 10, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kentaro Shirotsuki, Nagisa Sugaya and Mutsuhiro Nakao Tags: Review Source Type: research

Positive impacts of e-aid cognitive behavioural therapy on the sleep quality and mood of nurses on site during the COVID-19 pandemic
Sleep Breath. 2022 Jan 8. doi: 10.1007/s11325-021-02547-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To investigate the positive impact of e-aid cognitive behavioural therapy on the sleep quality, anxiety, and depression of nurses on site during the COVID-19 pandemic.METHODS: Nurses on site at the Tianjin Medical University General Hospital Airport Site experiencing insomnia, anxiety and depression during the COVID-19 prevention and control period, from February 2020 to April 2021, were selected and divided into either an e-aid cognitive behavioural therapy (eCBT-I) group or a control group using a randomized grouping metho...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - January 8, 2022 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Kaili Zhou Jing Kong Yahui Wan Xuan Zhang Xuan Liu Bingqian Qu Baoyan Wang Rong Xue Source Type: research

A Validation of an Ambiguous Social Scenario Task for Socially Anxious and Socially Callous Interpretations
ConclusionThe ASST is a promising measure indicating that different interpretations might co-occur. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 8, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Frozen with Fear? Attentional Mechanisms in Children with Selective Mutism
ConclusionReduced visual exploration might be due to the mechanism of attentive freezing, which could be part of an extensive fear response in SM that might also affect speech-production. Interventions that counteract the state of freezing could be promising for the therapy of SM. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 8, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Positive impacts of e-aid cognitive behavioural therapy on the sleep quality and mood of nurses on site during the COVID-19 pandemic
AbstractObjectiveTo investigate the positive impact of e-aid cognitive behavioural therapy on the sleep quality, anxiety, and depression of nurses on site during the COVID-19 pandemic.MethodsNurses on site at the Tianjin Medical University General Hospital  Airport Site experiencing insomnia, anxiety and depression during the COVID-19 prevention and control period, from February 2020 to April 2021, were selected and divided into either an e-aid cognitive behavioural therapy (eCBT-I) group or a control group using a randomized grouping method. The eCB T-I group was given standard eCBT-I for 6 weeks; the control group...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - January 8, 2022 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Psychophysiological Treatment of Chronic Tinnitus: A Review
Clin Psychol Psychother. 2022 Jan 6. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2708. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSubjective chronic tinnitus consists of a more or less continuous perception of sound in the absence of a corresponding acoustic source, which can lead to various psychological problems like depression, anxiety, attentional deficits, and sleep disturbances. The prevalence is 10 to 15% of the general population. Various therapy and management options have been proposed, but outcomes vary and no generally accepted cure exists. In this review, the coherence of the most frequently used etiological models shall be evaluated and the efficac...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - January 7, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Manuel Czornik Azim Malekshahi Wala Mahmoud Stephan Wolpert Niels Birbaumer Source Type: research

The Relation Between Worry and Mental Health in Nonclinical Population and Individuals with Anxiety and Depressive Disorders: A Meta-Analysis
ConclusionsThe main findings suggest that (1) worry is strongly associated with poor mental health, (2) worry is associated with poor mental health even outside of GAD and clinical populations included in the current meta-analysis, and (3) there are differences in this association across the lifespan. Overall, the results from this meta-analysis support earlier calls for intense worry to be assessed and treated, regardless of whether the individual has a diagnosis of GAD or MDD. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - January 7, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Stress Management Among Science and Social Science Educators Within Open and Distance Learning Centers Using Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy: Implication for Curriculum and Educational Evaluators
AbstractIn Nigeria's remote learning centers, science and social science educators are responsible for a variety of tasks, including teaching, examination supervision, distance learners' projects, research work, and attendance at conferences. As a result, this study on the impact of rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) on occupational stress management among science and social science educators in the South East and South West of Nigeria is necessary. With 42 individuals, this study used a true experimental design. For data collection, two stress index measures were used. A pretest was given to the participants before ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 7, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Late-Life Depression: a Randomised Controlled Trial
This study aims to examine the efficacy and cognitive mechanisms of MBCT in older adults with active depressive symptoms.METHODS: 57 older adults (mean age, 70 years) with normal cognition and mild to moderate depressive symptoms were randomly allocated to either the MBCT group or the active control group for 8 weeks. The MBCT group consisted of eight 2-hour weekly sessions and a 7-hour full-day retreat, with different themes for each class, guided mindfulness exercises, feedback and discussion, homework review, and psychoeducation. The active control group comprised a 1-hour physical exercise and a standardised health edu...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - January 6, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: V W Y Shih W C Chan O K Tai H L Wong C P W Cheng C S M Wong Source Type: research