UK Moves to Revise Guidelines for Treatment of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Advocates hail rejection of debunked exercise and cognitive behavior therapies. (Source: AJN)
Source: AJN - March 1, 2021 Category: Nursing Tags: In the News Source Type: research

Positive Shifts in Emotion Evaluation Following Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) in Remitted Depressed Participants
ConclusionsThese findings support a specific role for MBCT in encouraging more positive evaluations of life situations in those with previous depression rather than influencing lower-level processing of emotions. Results should be interpreted cautiously given that this was a non-randomised, preference choice trial.Trial RegistrationNCT02226042 (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness of Interventions for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome or Myalgic Encephalomyelitis: A Systematic Review of Economic Evaluations
ConclusionsWe identified a limited patchwork of evidence on the cost-effectiveness of interventions for CFS/ME. Evidence supports CBT as a cost-effective treatment option for adults; however, cost-effectiveness may depend on the duration and frequency of sessions. Limited evidence supports the cost effectiveness of GET. Key weaknesses in the literature included small sample sizes and short duration of follow-up. Further research is needed on pharmacological interventions and therapies for children. (Source: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy)
Source: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy - March 1, 2021 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A Revised Theory of Sudden Gains in Psychological Treatments
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Feb 20;139:103830. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103830. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSudden gains were first defined and quantified by Tang and DeRubeis (1999) and were found to predict treatment outcome in cognitive therapy for depression. Since that seminal paper, over 100 examinations of sudden gains have been published and sudden gains have been found to be ubiquitous in psychological treatments and to consistently predict better treatment outcomes across a multitude of disorders and contexts (see Shalom & Aderka, 2020 for a review). The research on sudden gains has seen considerable growth over t...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - February 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Idan M Aderka Jonathan G Shalom Source Type: research

A Cognitive Control Training as Add-On Treatment to Usual Care for Depressed Inpatients
ConclusionAlthough other studies suggest that CCT may hold potential as an add-on intervention for depression, our findings point to the importance of investigating individual differences and conditions predicting training response. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - February 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mixed messages from the 'Mild Traumatic Brain Injury' and 'Sport-related Concussion' literatures: Clinical implications
Conclusions: Anxiety due to maladaptive cognitions influenced by the 'mixed messages' from the SRC literature can exacerbate or solely maintain persisting PCS but may be successfully addressed with CBT.PMID:33635725 | DOI:10.1080/02699052.2021.1890216 (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - February 26, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Nigel S King Alice Coates Source Type: research

Using Network Theory for Psychoeducation in Eating Disorders
ConclusionsGiven the increasing popularity of biological-genetic explanatory models of EDs, it is important to note the disadvantages we found to be associated with these models. Our findings indicate that explanatory models emphasizing cognitive-behavioral (CB)  principles and/or network theoretical (NT) underpinnings of EDs may serve to promote optimism and greater perceptions of personal agency in affected populations.This trial's registration number is 316. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - February 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Focus on Depression in Parkinson's Disease: A Delphi Consensus of Experts in Psychiatry, Neurology, and Geriatrics
Parkinsons Dis. 2021 Feb 8;2021:6621991. doi: 10.1155/2021/6621991. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTMajor and minor forms of depression are significant contributors to Parkinson's disease morbidity and caregiver burden, affecting up to 50% of these patients. Nonetheless, symptoms of depression are still underrecognized and undertreated in this context due to scarcity of evidence and, consequently, consistent clinical guideline recommendations. Here, we carried out a prospective, multicentre, 2-round modified Delphi survey with 49 questions about the aetiopathological mechanisms of depression in Parkinson's disease (10), clinical ...
Source: Parkinsons Disease - February 25, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Luis Ag üera-Ortiz Roc ío García-Ramos Francisco J Grandas P érez Jorge L ópez-Álvarez Jos é Manuel Montes Rodríguez F Javier Olazar án Rodríguez Javier Olivera Pueyo Carmelo Pelegr ín Valero Jes ús Porta-Etessam Source Type: research

Gait Patterns and Mood in Everyday Life: A Comparison Between Depressed Patients and Non-depressed Controls
ConclusionIn sum, our results support expectations that embodiment (i.e., the relationship between bodily expression of emotion and emotion processing itself) in depression is also observable in naturalistic settings, and that depression is bodily manifested in the way people walk. The data further suggest that motor displays affect mood in everyday life. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - February 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Chronic abdominal pain in general practice
Abstract Background and Summary. Chronic abdominal pain is a challenging complaint for both primary care providers and gastroenterologists alike, due to a broad differential diagnosis and sometimes extensive and negative workup. In the absence of red flag features that herald more acute conditions, the majority of patients with chronic abdominal pain have a benign cause or a functional disorder (e.g. Irritable bowel syndrome). The costs associated with a diagnostic workup are an expensive burden to healthcare. A systematic approach for evaluating patients and initiating a management plan are recommended in the primary car...
Source: Digestive Diseases - February 24, 2021 Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

UK Moves to Revise Guidelines for Treatment of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Am J Nurs. 2021 Mar 1;121(3):16. doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000737248.67484.2e.ABSTRACTAdvocates hail rejection of debunked exercise and cognitive behavior therapies.PMID:33624998 | DOI:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000737248.67484.2e (Source: The American Journal of Nursing)
Source: The American Journal of Nursing - February 24, 2021 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Virtual Reality One-Session Treatment of Child-Specific Phobia of Dogs: A Controlled, Multiple Baseline Case Series
This study provides support for the effectiveness of VR OST.PMID:33622515 | DOI:10.1016/j.beth.2020.06.003 (Source: Behavior Therapy)
Source: Behavior Therapy - February 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lara J Farrell Taka Miyamoto Caroline L Donovan Allison M Waters Kirra A Krisch Thomas H Ollendick Source Type: research

UK Moves to Revise Guidelines for Treatment of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Am J Nurs. 2021 Mar 1;121(3):16. doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000737248.67484.2e.ABSTRACTAdvocates hail rejection of debunked exercise and cognitive behavior therapies.PMID:33624998 | DOI:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000737248.67484.2e (Source: The American Journal of Nursing)
Source: The American Journal of Nursing - February 24, 2021 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Virtual Reality One-Session Treatment of Child-Specific Phobia of Dogs: A Controlled, Multiple Baseline Case Series
This study provides support for the effectiveness of VR OST.PMID:33622515 | DOI:10.1016/j.beth.2020.06.003 (Source: Behavior Therapy)
Source: Behavior Therapy - February 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lara J Farrell Taka Miyamoto Caroline L Donovan Allison M Waters Kirra A Krisch Thomas H Ollendick Source Type: research

Virtual Reality One-Session Treatment of Child-Specific Phobia of Dogs: A Controlled, Multiple Baseline Case Series
This study provides support for the effectiveness of VR OST.PMID:33622515 | DOI:10.1016/j.beth.2020.06.003 (Source: Behavior Therapy)
Source: Behavior Therapy - February 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lara J Farrell Taka Miyamoto Caroline L Donovan Allison M Waters Kirra A Krisch Thomas H Ollendick Source Type: research

Correlation of Alexithymia with Grief and Depression Symptom Severity in Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder
This study aimed to compare the depression and grief levels between patients with persistent complex bereavement disorder who have alexithymia and those who do not have alexithymia. This study also aimed to examine the correlations between these variables. A total of 80 patients with persistent complex bereavement disorders were included and divided into two groups: alexithymia (n  = 45) and nonalexithymia (n = 35). Each patient was evaluated using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, the Inventory of Complicated Grief and the Beck Depression Inventory. Individuals with alexithymia who have symptoms o...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reappraisal and Suppression Each Moderate the Association Between Stress and Suicidal Ideation: Preliminary Evidence From a Daily Diary Study
ConclusionsIn contrast to laboratory-based findings suggesting that expressive suppression has negative psychological effects, these preliminary daily diary results suggest that expressive suppression could be an effective short-term emotion regulation strategy among individuals considering suicide. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - February 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy in medicated adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in multiple dimensions: a randomised controlled trial
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2021 Feb 22. doi: 10.1007/s00406-021-01236-0. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of group cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in medicated adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with a multidimensional evaluation and follow-up to week 36. Ninety-eight adult ADHD were randomly allocated to the CBT combined with medication (CBT + M) group or the medication (M) only group. The primary endpoint was the ADHD-Rating Scale (ADHD-RS). Secondary endpoints included emotional symptoms, self-esteem, automatic thoughts, quality of life (QoL), an...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - February 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mei-Rong Pan Shi-Yu Zhang Sun-Wei Qiu Lu Liu Hai-Mei Li Meng-Jie Zhao Min Dong Fei-Fei Si Yu-Feng Wang Qiu-Jin Qian Source Type: research

Efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy in medicated adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in multiple dimensions: a randomised controlled trial
AbstractThe study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of group cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in medicated adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with a multidimensional evaluation and follow-up to week 36. Ninety-eight adult ADHD were randomly allocated to the CBT combined with medication (CBT  + M) group or the medication (M) only group. The primary endpoint was the ADHD–Rating Scale (ADHD-RS). Secondary endpoints included emotional symptoms, self-esteem, automatic thoughts, quality of life (QoL), and executive function (EF). The outcome measures were obtained at baseline (T1), af...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - February 22, 2021 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Validity of the Somatic Complaints Scales of the MMPI-2-RF in an Outpatient Chronic Pain Clinic
AbstractChronic pain has become a significant medical issue. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) is a broadband psychological test that has been validated for use across various medical settings and can aid in the assessment and treatment planning of chronic pain. In the current investigation, it was hypothesized that the somatic complaints scales of the MMPI-2-RF would demonstrate good convergent validity from a structured psychodiagnostic interview and other measures of pain and somatization, and lack gender bias. Patients (n = 200) who produced valid MMPI-2-RFs i...
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings - February 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

"Someone on my Level": A Meta-Ethnographic Review of Therapeutic Relationships in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Psychosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Attachment security may be an important strand of CBTp and warrants further research and clinical investigation as a process and an outcome. Future research can benefit from increased transparency regarding researcher positionality as a potential source of bias. PMID: 33605515 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - February 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Reducing stress and promoting well-being in healthcare workers using mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for life
Publication date: May–August 2021Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, Volume 21, Issue 2Author(s): Clara Strauss, Jenny Gu, Jesus Montero-Marin, Adrian Whittington, Cavita Chapman, Willem Kuyken (Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - February 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Dyadic Emotion Regulation in Women with Borderline Personality Disorder
ConclusionsThe present study indicates an increased demand of dyadic ER in BPD. Increased negative support seeking and less creation of closeness to the partner might reflect ineffective strategies to actually receive support from the partner. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - February 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Introduction to the Special Issue on Homework in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: New Clinical Psychological Science
This article introduces the Special Issue inCognitive Therapy and Research that presents advances in clinical psychological science for homework in behavior and cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs). Studies include sophisticated evaluations of homework adherence, moving beyond simplistic assessments of quantity and quality of completion to more complete assessments of engagement (i.e., perceived difficulty, obstacles, and helpfulness). Studies advance the clinical psychological science by examining therapist behavior as a predictor of homework adherence, by testing homework as a vehicle for specific treatment processes in...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - February 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive Biases Questionnaire for Psychosis (CBQp): Spanish Validation and Relationship With Cognitive Insight in Psychotic Patients
Conclusion: Given the correlation between biases, a one-factor model might be more appropriate to explain the scale's underlying construct. Biases were associated with a greater frequency of delusions, distress, conviction, and concern as well as worse cognitive insight in patients with psychosis. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - February 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Reliability and Validity of Response-Based Measures of Attention Bias
ConclusionsFindings indicate that response-based AB scores from the dot-probe task have better psychometric properties than traditional scores. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - February 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Full Systematic Review on the Effects of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Mental Health Symptoms in Child Refugees
This study aimed to assess the effects of CBT on symptoms of PTSD, depression and anxiety in child refugees/AS. Ethics were reviewed and granted by the University of Manchester ethics committee. Medline, Embase, Cochrane, PsycINFO and CINAHL were systematically searched. Studies were included if CBT was delivered to refugee/AS children with pre and post-intervention measures of symptoms. Sixteen studies fulfilled criteria. In all studies, mental health symptom scores post-intervention had reduced, suggesting an improvement in mental health following CBT. This reduction was statistically significant in twelve studies (p  
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - February 15, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of anxiety sensitivity, disgust, and intolerance of uncertainty on the COVID stress syndrome: a longitudinal assessment of transdiagnostic constructs and the behavioural immune system
Cogn Behav Ther. 2021 Feb 12:1-13. doi: 10.1080/16506073.2021.1877339. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTExcessive fear and worry in response to the COVID-19 pandemic (e.g., COVID stress syndrome) is prevalent and associated with various adverse outcomes. Research from the current and past pandemics supports the association between transdiagnostic constructs-anxiety sensitivity (AS), disgust, and intolerance of uncertainty (IU)-and pandemic-related distress. Recent research suggests a moderating effect of disgust on the relationship of AS-physical concerns and COVID-19-related distress, suggesting that transdiagnostic construc...
Source: Behavior Therapy - February 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Michelle M Paluszek Aleiia J N Asmundson Caeleigh A Landry Dean McKay Steven Taylor Gordon J G Asmundson Source Type: research

A Virtual, Randomized, Control Trial of a Digital Therapeutic for Speech, Language, and Cognitive Intervention in Post-stroke Persons With Aphasia
Conclusions: Overall, this study demonstrates the feasibility of a fully virtual trial for patients with post-stroke aphasia, especially given the ongoing COVID19 pandemic, as well as a safe, tolerable, and efficacious digital therapeutic for language/cognitive rehabilitation.Clinical Trial Registration:www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT04488029. (Source: Frontiers in Neurology)
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - February 12, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Effects of anxiety sensitivity, disgust, and intolerance of uncertainty on the COVID stress syndrome: a longitudinal assessment of transdiagnostic constructs and the behavioural immune system.
Abstract Excessive fear and worry in response to the COVID-19 pandemic (e.g., COVID stress syndrome) is prevalent and associated with various adverse outcomes. Research from the current and past pandemics supports the association between transdiagnostic constructs-anxiety sensitivity (AS), disgust, and intolerance of uncertainty (IU)-and pandemic-related distress. Recent research suggests a moderating effect of disgust on the relationship of AS-physical concerns and COVID-19-related distress, suggesting that transdiagnostic constructs underlie individual differences in activation of the behavioral immune system (B...
Source: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy - February 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Paluszek MM, Asmundson AJN, Landry CA, McKay D, Taylor S, Asmundson GJG Tags: Cogn Behav Ther Source Type: research

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy affects self-criticism and self-assurance in individuals with depression.
Authors: PMID: 33563747 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Saudi Medical Journal)
Source: Saudi Medical Journal - February 11, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Saudi Med J Source Type: research

Progress and Limitations in the Treatment of Complex PTSD and Developmental Trauma Disorder
AbstractPurpose of reviewThis review describes treatments that have been developed (or adapted from treatment models for posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]) for Complex PTSD (cPTSD) in adulthood and developmental trauma disorder (DTD) in childhood. The nascent research evidence-base is reviewed and future directions are discussed.Recent findingsNumerous psychotherapy treatments are in the early stages of clinical testing and dissemination for symptoms of cPTSD (emotion dysregulation, interpersonal detachment, altered self-perception) and the additional symptoms of DTD (interpersonal, somatic, and behavioral dysregulation...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry - February 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Towards a Reformulated Theory Underlying Schema Therapy: Position Paper of an International Workgroup
ConclusionsWith this project, we hope to contribute to the further development of ST and its application across the world. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - February 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Patient Information: Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder
This JAMA Patient Page explains the medications (naltrexone, acamprosate, disulfiram) and behavioral treatments (cognitive behavior therapy [CBT]) used to manage alcohol use disorder. (Source: JAMA)
Source: JAMA - February 9, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Looming Cognitive Style More Consistently Predicts Anxiety than Depressive Symptoms: Evidence from a 3-Wave Yearlong Study
ConclusionsThe LCS predicts anxiety and may do so more consistently than depression, at least in time windows of 6  months of less. The findings are discussed in terms of the potential importance of dynamic threat parameters to anxiety that are not captured by other current putative vulnerability factors. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - February 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Transdiagnostic group cognitive behavioural therapy for emotional disorders in primary care: the results of the PsicAP randomized controlled trial.
cute;lez-Blanch C Abstract BACKGROUND: Emotional disorders are highly prevalent in primary care. We aimed to determine whether a transdiagnostic psychological therapy plus treatment-as-usual (TAU) is more efficacious than TAU alone in primary care adult patients. METHODS: A randomized, two-arm, single-blind clinical trial was conducted in 22 primary care centres in Spain. A total of 1061 adult patients with emotional disorders were enrolled. The transdiagnostic protocol (n = 527) consisted of seven 90-min sessions (8-10 patients) delivered over a 12-14-week period. TAU (n = 534) consisted of regular consultat...
Source: Psychological Medicine - February 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cano-Vindel A, Muñoz-Navarro R, Moriana JA, Ruiz-Rodríguez P, Medrano LA, González-Blanch C Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

Narrative enhancement and cognitive therapy (NECT) to improve social functioning in people with serious mental illness: study protocol for a stepped-wedge cluster randomized controlled trial
Self-stigma is highly prevalent in serious mental illness (SMI) and is associated with poorer clinical and functional outcomes. Narrative enhancement and cognitive therapy (NECT) is a group-based intervention ... (Source: Trials)
Source: Trials - February 8, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: J. Dubreucq, M. Faraldo, M. Abbes, B. Ycart, H. Richard-Lepouriel, S. Favre, F. Jermann, J. Attal, M. Bakri, T. Cohen, C. Cervello, I. Chereau, C. Cognard, M. De Clercq, A. Douasbin, J. Y. Giordana & hellip; Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

Optimising Exposure for Children and Adolescents with Anxiety, OCD and PTSD: A Systematic Review.
Abstract Cognitive behavioural therapy is an effective treatment for anxiety disorders in children and young people; however, many do not benefit. Behavioural exposure appears to be the critical ingredient in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Research with adults has identified innovative strategies to optimise exposure-based treatments, yet it is not clear how to optimise the effects of exposure for children and young people. This review was a preliminary exploration of the association between potential optimisation strategies and treatment procedures and outcomes for the treatment of child anxiety symptoms/dis...
Source: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review - February 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Plaisted H, Waite P, Gordon K, Creswell C Tags: Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev Source Type: research

Metacognitions and Obsessive Beliefs in Obsessive –Compulsive Disorder: A Study of Within- and Between-Person Effects on Long-Term Outcome
ConclusionsThe results indicate that decreases in metacognitive beliefs during OCD treatment can also have important long-term consequences. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - February 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 1486: Readiness of Allied Professionals to Join the Mental Health Workforce: A Qualitative Evaluation of Trained Lay Trauma Counsellors ’ Experiences When Refugee Youth Disclose Suicidal Ideation
This study aimed to explore the TRT trained lay counsellors’ experiences of procedures upon URM’s disclosure of suicidal ideation. Individual semi-structured interviews with TRT trained lay counsellors were conducted, then analysed using systemic text condensation. The analysis revealed four themes: “Importance of safety structures”, “Collaboration is key”, “Let sleeping dogs lie” and “Going the extra mile”. Dealing with suicidal ideation is challenging and feelings of helplessness occur. Adding adequate supervision and specific training on suicidal ideation using...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sandra L öfving Gupta Katarina Wijk Georgina Warner Anna Sarkadi Tags: Article Source Type: research

Video games for people with schizophrenia.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that non-exergames may have a less beneficial effect on cognitive functioning than cognitive remediation, but have comparable effects for all other outcomes. These data are from a small number of trials, and the evidence is graded as of low or very low quality and is very likely to change with more data. It is difficult to currently establish if the more sophisticated cognitive approaches do any more good - or harm - than 'static' video games for people with schizophrenia. Where players use bodily movements to control the game (exergames), there is very limited evidence suggesting a possibl...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - February 4, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Roberts MT, Lloyd J, Välimäki M, Ho GW, Freemantle M, Békefi AZ Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Psychosocial and pharmacological treatments for cannabis use disorder and mental health comorbidities: a narrative review.
Abstract Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug worldwide, and it is estimated that up to 30% of people who use cannabis will develop a cannabis use disorder (CUD). Demand for treatment of CUD is increasing in almost every region of the world and cannabis use is highly comorbid with mental disorders, where sustained use can reduce treatment compliance and increase risk of relapse. In this narrative review, we outline evidence for psychosocial and pharmacological treatment strategies for CUD, both alone and when comorbid with psychosis, anxiety or depression. Psychosocial treatments such as cognitive behavio...
Source: Psychological Medicine - February 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lees R, Hines LA, D'Souza DC, Stothart G, Di Forti M, Hoch E, Freeman TP Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

The role of embodiment in the treatment of patients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa: a 2-year follow-up study proposing an integration between enhanced cognitive behavioural therapy and a phenomenological model of eating disorders.
Abstract PURPOSE: Recent studies demonstrated that the embodiment disorder represents a core feature of eating disorders (EDs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of its variation as a possible mediator of the efficacy of enhanced cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT-E) on classic ED symptomatology, including body uneasiness. METHODS: 73 patients with anorexia nervosa and 68 with bulimia nervosa were treated with a multidisciplinary approach including CBT-E. Psychometric questionnaires were administered at baseline (T0) and after one (T1) and 2 years (T2) to evaluate general and ED-specific psychopa...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - February 3, 2021 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Rossi E, Castellini G, Cassioli E, Sensi C, Mancini M, Stanghellini G, Ricca V Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Body dysmorphic disorder: a treatment synthesis and consensus on behalf of the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders and the Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders Network of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by a preoccupation with a perceived appearance flaw or flaws that are not observable to others. BDD is associated with distress and impairment of functioning. Psychiatric comorbidities, including depression, social anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder are common and impact treatment. Treatment should encompass psychoeducation, particularly addressing the dangers associated with cosmetic procedures, and may require high doses of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors* (SSRI*) and protracted periods to establish full benefit. If there is an inadequate response to SSRIs, ...
Source: International Clinical Psychopharmacology - February 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Review Article Source Type: research