Auricular acupuncture versus cognitive behavioural therapy in the discontinuation of hypnotic drug usage, and treatment effects on anxiety, depression and insomnia symptoms − a randomised controlled study
Conclusions Both groups ended/maintained low hypnotic drug consumption post-treatment. Short-term reductions occurred in the AA group in anxiety and depression symptoms and in the CBT-i group regarding insomnia symptoms. (Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine)
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - October 28, 2017 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Palliative and end-of-life care for adults with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a rapid review focusing on patient and family caregiver perspectives
Purpose of review: The aim of the review was to explore patient and family caregiver perspectives on key issues for ensuring quality of end-of-life care for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The growing evidence on the value of specialist palliative care services demonstrates significant improvements in treatments and provisions; however, much of the literature is generic in nature or centred on people with a cancer diagnosis. In this review, we examine the literature to ascertain the views and needs of patients and carers affected by advanced COPD, a highly debilitating condition that can have a pr...
Source: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care - October 27, 2017 Category: Palliative Care Tags: END OF LIFE MANAGEMENT: Edited by Gustavo de Simone and Bridget Johnston Source Type: research

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Young People and Their Carers: a Mixed-Method Feasibility Study
AbstractWe aimed to evaluate whether mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) was feasible and acceptable for young people, their parents and the clinicians working with them; whether a parallel course for parents was a useful addition; and whether attendance at MBCT was associated with improved outcomes. The design was a mixed-method service evaluation of an eight-session MBCT programme for young people who were recovering from depression. The course was a manualised eight-session group intervention. Both young people (n = 18) and parents (n = 21) completed validated measures before and after the cou...
Source: Mindfulness - October 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Opening the Black Box of Cognitive-Behavioural Case Management in Clients with Ultra-High Risk for Psychosis
Conclusions: Our findings indicate that the association between intensity/content of CBCM and severity of APS in a sample of UHR participants depends on the length of time in treatment. CBCM may positively impact the severity of APS later in the course of treatment. Therefore, it would seem important to keep UHR young people engaged in treatment beyond this initial period. Regarding the specific content of CBCM, a therapeutic focus on APS may not necessarily be beneficial in reducing the severity of APS, a possibility in need of further investigation.Psychother Psychosom 2017;86:292-299 (Source: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics)
Source: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics - October 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for Japanese breast cancer patients —a feasibility study
This study aimed to examine feasibility and to preliminary explore effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) in Japanese breast cancer patients, and to explore possible modification of the program so that it fits better with this population.MethodsTwelve participants with diagnosis of Stage I –III breast cancer received an eight session, weekly MBCT intervention in a group therapy format. The participants were followed up until 3 months after the completion of the program.ResultsAll the participants completed the program with high attendance rate (mean number of attended sessions = 7.7). Significant...
Source: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology - October 25, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Effect of Germ Movement on the Construal of Mental States in Germs: The Moderating Role of Contamination Fear
AbstractIn two studies, we examined a novel relationship between movement and anthropomorphism —the attribution of human characteristics to nonhuman agents—in relation to germs. Furthermore, we examined whether individual differences in contamination fear and disgust proneness moderated the effect of movement on the tendency to anthropomorphize germs. Following an initial study that demon strated associations between imagined germ movement, contamination fear, and the attribution of malevolent intentions to germs, we conducted a second study that experimentally manipulated germ movement with a brief film clip o...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Enhances Emotional Resiliency in Children with Divorced Parents
This study utilized a semi-experimental prospective design with pre-, post-, and follow-up measures and a no-treatment control group. A sample of 83 children (ages 10 to 13) and living with a divorced parent were collected from six public schools in Tehran, Iran. The total sample, consisting of 33 boys and 50 girls, was randomly assigned to two groups: an experimental group (n = 42, 16 boys and 26 girls) and a no-treatment control group (n = 41, 17 boys and 24 girls). The experimental group received twelve 90-min sessions of MBCT-C, which was translated into Persian with minor cultural adaptations. All ...
Source: Mindfulness - October 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Blunted amygdala activity is associated with depression severity in treatment-resistant depression.
Abstract Up to 50% of individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) do not recover after two antidepressant medication trials, and therefore meet the criteria for treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is one promising treatment; however, the extent to which MBCT influences clinical outcomes relative to baseline neural activation remains unknown. In the present study we investigated baseline differences in amygdala activation between TRD patients and healthy controls (HCs), related amygdala activation to depression symptoms, and examined the impacts of MBCT and amygdala...
Source: Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience - October 23, 2017 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ferri J, Eisendrath SJ, Fryer SL, Gillung E, Roach BJ, Mathalon DH Tags: Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci Source Type: research

Social Recovery Therapy in improving activity and social outcomes in early psychosis: Current evidence and longer term outcomes
Social Recovery Therapy (SRT) is a cognitive behavioural therapy which targets young people with early psychosis who have complex problems associated with severe social disability. This paper provides a narrative overview of current evidence for SRT and reports new data on a 2year follow-up of participants recruited into the Improving Social Recovery in Early Psychosis (ISREP) trial. (Source: Schizophrenia Research)
Source: Schizophrenia Research - October 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: David Fowler, Jo Hodgekins, Paul French Source Type: research

Perfectionism Group Treatment for Eating Disorders in an Inpatient, Partial Hospitalization, and Outpatient Setting
Abstract Perfectionism is elevated in individuals with eating disorders and is posited to be a risk factor, maintaining factor, and treatment barrier. However, there has been little literature testing the feasibility and effectiveness of perfectionism interventions in individuals specifically with eating disorders in an open group format. In the current study, we tested the feasibility of (a) a short cognitive behavioural therapy for perfectionism intervention delivered in an inpatient, partial hospitalization, and outpatient for eating disorders setting (combined N = 28; inpatient n = 15; parti...
Source: European Eating Disorders Review - October 22, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Cheri A. Levinson, Leigh C. Brosof, Irina A. Vanzhula, Laura Bumberry, Stephanie Zerwas, Cynthia M. Bulik Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Social Recovery Therapy in improving activity and social outcomes in early psychosis: Current evidence and longer term outcomes
Social Recovery Therapy (SRT) is a cognitive behavioural therapy which targets young people with early psychosis who have complex problems associated with severe social disability. This paper provides a narrative overview of current evidence for SRT and reports new data on a 2year follow-up of participants recruited into the Improving Social Recovery in Early Psychosis (ISREP) trial. (Source: Schizophrenia Research)
Source: Schizophrenia Research - October 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: David Fowler, Jo Hodgekins, Paul French Source Type: research

Improvements of adolescent psychopathology after insomnia treatment: results from a randomized controlled trial over 1  year
ConclusionsThis is the first study demonstrating that Internet and face‐to‐face CBT for insomnia achieves long‐term reduction in adolescent psychopathology and does so by improving insomnia. This finding can have profound implications for youth mental health care. (Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry - October 20, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eduard J. Bruin, Susan M. B ögels, Frans J. Oort, Anne Marie Meijer Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Two Web-Based Interventions for Chronic Cancer-Related Fatigue Compared to an Active Control Condition: Results of the “Fitter na kanker” Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions: Both the AAF and eMBCT interventions are effective for managing fatigue severity compared to receiving psycho-educational emails. Trial Registration: Trialregister.nl NTR3483; http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=3483 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6NWZqon3o) (Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research)
Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research - October 19, 2017 Category: General Medicine Authors: Fieke Z. Bruggeman-Everts Marije D. J. Wolvers Rens van de Schoot Miriam M. R. Vollenbroek-Hutten Marije L. Van der Lee Source Type: research

Efficacy of Combined Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia and Pain in Patients with Fibromyalgia: A Randomized Controlled Trial
AbstractThis controlled trial aims to analyze the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia and pain (CBT-IP) compared to cognitive-behavioral therapy for pain (CBT-P) and usual medical care (UMC) at improving sleep and other clinical manifestations (pain, fatigue, impaired functioning, and emotional distress) in women with fibromyalgia (FM). One hundred and twenty-six patients with FM were randomly assigned to different treatment groups and 113 completed the treatments (38 in the CBT-IP group, 34 in the CBT-P group and 41 in the UMC group) and a number of self-reports at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and 3 &n...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 19, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Exposure-Based Therapy for Symptom Preoccupation in Atrial Fibrillation: An Uncontrolled Pilot Study.
weig F, Ljótsson B Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. Patients often experience a range of symptoms resulting in a markedly reduced quality of life, and commonly show symptom preoccupation in terms of avoidance and control behaviors. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has been shown to improve symptom burden and quality of life in other somatic disorders, but has never been evaluated in patients with AF. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential efficacy and feasibility of an AF-specific CBT protocol in an uncontrolled pilot study. The study included 19 pati...
Source: Behavior Therapy - October 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Särnholm J, Skúladóttir H, Rück C, Pedersen SS, Braunschweig F, Ljótsson B Tags: Behav Ther Source Type: research

Presidential Address: Embracing the Repulsive: The Case for Disgust as a Functionally Central Emotional State in the Theory, Practice, and Dissemination of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy.
This article summarizes findings from psychopathology research and treatment, and highlights basic science that potentially accounts for the hesitancy for some therapists to adopt evidence-based methods. Several recommendations are provided for future research in disgust related to both psychopathology and dissemination research. PMID: 29029671 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavior Therapy)
Source: Behavior Therapy - October 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: McKay D Tags: Behav Ther Source Type: research

Using the Internet to Train Therapists: Randomized Comparison of Two Scalable Methods
Conclusions: Web-centered training was equally effective whether undertaken independently or accompanied by support, and its effects were sustained. The independent form of Web-centered training is particularly attractive as it provides a means of training large numbers of geographically dispersed therapists at low cost, thereby overcoming several obstacles to the widespread dissemination of psychological treatments. (Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research)
Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research - October 18, 2017 Category: General Medicine Authors: Zafra Cooper Suzanne Bailey-Straebler Katy E Morgan Marianne E O ' Connor Caroline Caddy Layla Hamadi Christopher G Fairburn Source Type: research

Social Anxiety Disorder as a Densely Interconnected Network of Fear and Avoidance for Social Situations
This study is the first to provide evidence that SAD can be conceptualized as a densel y interconnected network of fear and avoidance of social situations. Our results are consistent with the network theory of mental disorders that regards networks with strong between-symptom connections as more pathogenic than similar networks with weaker connections. As prior studies indicated that overall network connectivity can predict the course of mental disorders, our findings set the scene for novel indicators of SAD prognosis. (Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research)
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 17, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Subjective health complaints and illness perception amongst adults with Joint Hypermobility Syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome-HypermobilityType - a cross-sectional study.
This study was a postal survey with a questionnaire battery on demographic data, subjective health complaints inventory, and illness perception. A total of 110 individuals diagnosed with Joint Hypermobility Syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome-Hypermobile Type from two specialized hospitals in Norway were offered participation. Further, 140 gender- and age-matched healthy controls from statistics Norway representing the general population were sent the questionnaire for reference. RESULTS: Overall response rate was 30.4% (n = 76), with 44.5% (n = 49) in Joint Hypermobility Syndrome/Ehlers-Dan...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - October 17, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hope L, Juul-Kristensen B, Løvaas H, Løvvik C, Maeland S Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Is cognitive-behavioural therapy more effective than relaxation therapy in the treatment of anxiety disorders? A meta-analysis.
ers P Abstract BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether relaxation therapies are more or less effective than cognitive and behavioural therapies in the treatment of anxiety. The aims of the present study were to examine the effects of relaxation techniques compared to cognitive and behavioural therapies in reducing anxiety symptoms, and whether they have comparable efficacy across disorders. METHOD: We conducted a meta-analysis of 50 studies (2801 patients) comparing relaxation training with cognitive and behavioural treatments of anxiety. RESULTS: The overall effect size (ES) across all anxiety outcomes, wit...
Source: Psychological Medicine - October 17, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Montero-Marin J, Garcia-Campayo J, López-Montoyo A, Zabaleta-Del-Olmo E, Cuijpers P Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy on Psychological Symptoms and Quality of Life in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients: 
A Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: MBCT contributed to decreased psychological symptoms and improved QoL in patients with SLE with a stable effect on psychological symptoms and psychological components of QoL, but an unstable effect on physical components. PMID: 29026469 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Therapist Behaviors as Predictors of Immediate Homework Engagement in Cognitive Therapy for Depression
AbstractHomework assignments are an integral part of cognitive therapy (CT) for depression, though facilitating homework engagement in patients with depression can be a challenge. We sought to examine three classes of therapist behaviors as predictors of homework engagement in early sessions of CT: therapist behaviors related to the review of homework, the assignment of homework, and efforts to help patients overcome obstacles to completing homework. In a sample of 66 depressed outpatients participating in CT, therapist behaviors involved in assigning homework predicted both CT-specific homework engagement and more general...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Emotion Dysregulation Moderates the Effect of Cognitive Behavior Therapy with Prolonged Exposure for Co-Occurring PTSD and Substance Use Disorders
We examined the moderating impact of ED severity on treatment outcomes in an urban, socioeconomically disadvantaged, and racially/ethnically diverse sample with complex trauma and severe SUDs. Participants with co-occurring PTSD and SUD (PTSD+SUD) were randomized to Concurrent Treatment with Prolonged Exposure (COPE, n =39), Relapse Prevention Therapy (RPT, n =43), or an active monitoring control group (AMCG, n =28). Baseline ED severity moderated treatment outcomes such that high ED was associated with greater reduction in PTSD severity among those who received COPE relative to RPT and AMCG. In contrast, low ED was associ...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - October 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Early Maladaptive Schemas as Moderators of the Association between Bullying Victimization and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents
This study examined whether early maladaptive schemas (EMS) moderate the predictive association between bullying victimization and depressive symptoms in adolescents. For this purpose, a sample of 572 adolescents (314 males; Mage = 15.78, SDage = 0.94) completed measures of bullying victimization and EMS (Disconnection and Rejection, Impaired Autonomy and Other-Directedness domains) at the beginning of the study, and measures of depression in four consecutive waves every 4 months. Latent growth curve modelling was used to test the stu dy hypothesis. The results indicated that both bullying victi...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Versus Pure Cognitive Behavioural Self-Help for Perfectionism: a Pilot Randomised Study
AbstractThis pilot study compared mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) with a self-help guide based on cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for university students experiencing difficulties due to perfectionism. Participants were randomised to an MBCT intervention specifically tailored for perfectionism or pure CBT self-help. Questionnaires were completed at baseline, 8  weeks later (corresponding to the end of MBCT) and at 10-week follow-up. Post-intervention intention-to-treat (ITT) analyses identified that MBCT participants (n = 28) had significantly lower levels of perfectionism and stress than self-h...
Source: Mindfulness - October 13, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural therapy for post-disaster distress in post-traumatic stress symptoms after Chilean earthquake and tsunami.
Authors: Leiva-Bianchi M, Cornejo F, Fresno A, Rojas C, Serrano C Abstract OBJECTIVE: This is the first time that the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural therapy for post-disaster stress (CBT-PD) in symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been tested outside the United States of America. DESIGN: Quasi-experiment with three groups. In the quasi-control group, complete CBT-PD was applied even though its members did not have PTSD; in quasi-experimental conditions, participants received complete treatment because they had this diagnosis; and in the third group, participants with PTSD received an abb...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - October 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

Mindfulness and acceptance-based trainings for fostering self-care and reducing stress in mental health professionals: A systematic review
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2017 Source:Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science Author(s): Myriam Rudaz, Michael P. Twohig, Clarissa W. Ong, Michael E. Levin This review summarizes the effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), Mindful Self-Compassion (MSC), and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) to foster self-care and reduce stress in mental health professionals. Twenty-four quantitative articles from PsycInfo and PubMed were identified that focused on mindfulness, self-compassion, psychological flexibility, stress, burnout, or psycholog...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - October 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness of nurse-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) compared to supportive listening (SL) for adjustment to multiple sclerosis
ConclusionNurse delivered CBT is more effective in reducing distress among MS patients compared to SL, but is highly unlikely to be cost-effective using a preference-based measure of health (EQ-5D). Results from a disease-specific measure (GHQ-12) produced comparatively lower Incremental Cost-Effectiveness Ratios, but there is currently no acceptable willingness-to-pay threshold for this measure to guide decision-making. (Source: Health Economics Review)
Source: Health Economics Review - October 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness of nurse-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) compared to supportive listening (SL) for adjustment to multiple sclerosis
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) reduces distress in multiple sclerosis, and helps manage adjustment, but cost-effectiveness evidence is lacking. (Source: Health Economics Review)
Source: Health Economics Review - October 10, 2017 Category: Health Management Authors: I. Mosweu, R. Moss-Morris, L. Dennison, T. Chalder and P. McCrone Tags: Research Source Type: research

Process evaluation of Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy for adults with tinnitus in the context of a randomised control trial
. (Source: International Journal of Audiology)
Source: International Journal of Audiology - October 9, 2017 Category: Audiology Authors: Eldr é W. Beukes Vinaya Manchaiah David M. Baguley Peter M. Allen Gerhard Andersson Source Type: research

Postpartum Outcomes and Formal Mindfulness Practice in Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Perinatal Women
AbstractAnxiety is common during pregnancy and associated with poorer outcomes for mother and child. Our single-arm pilot study of an 8-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention for pregnant women with elevated anxiety showed significant pre- to post-intervention improvements in anxiety, depression, worry, mindfulness, and self-compassion. It remains unclear whether these improvements are maintained postpartum and whether amount of formal mindfulness practice is correlated with outcomes. The current study examined whether (1) improvements in psychosocial outcomes were maintained 3  months postpartum...
Source: Mindfulness - October 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

An Integrative Approach: Relational Cultural Theory and Cognitive Behavior Therapy in College Counseling
This article presents an integrative framework for using cognitive behavior therapy through the lens of relational cultural theory. The authors provide an overview of cognitive behavior therapy and relational cultural theory, followed by suggestions on how to facilitate cognitive behavior therapy using the principles of relational cultural theory in college counseling. A case illustration is used to demonstrate the integration of cognitive behavior therapy and relational cultural theory. (Source: Journal of College Counseling)
Source: Journal of College Counseling - October 5, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Loni Crumb, Natoya Haskins Tags: Professional Issues and Innovative Practice Source Type: research

Fluctuations in Hallucination Spectrum Experiences Co-vary with Social Defeat but not with Social Deafferentation. A 3-Week Daily Assessment Study
AbstractThe social deafferentation hypothesis proposes social isolation to be a risk factor for hallucinations, whereas the social defeat hypothesis postulates that only negatively appraised experiences of social exclusion constitute a risk factor. In a community sample, we tested whether social isolation and social defeat coincide with or precede hallucination spectrum experiences (HSE; i.e. auditory hallucinations and their subclinical precursors vivid imagination, perceptual sensitivity, and intrusive thoughts). Once daily  for three weeks, 75 participants answered questionnaires on social contact, social excl...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - October 4, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder: a review of the treatment literature and neurobiological evidence.
Authors: Boyd JE, Lanius RA, McKinnon MC Abstract Mindfulness-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have emerged as promising adjunctive or alternative intervention approaches. A scoping review of the literature on PTSD treatment studies, including approaches such as mindfulness-based stress reduction, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and metta mindfulness, reveals low attrition with medium to large effect sizes. We review the convergence between neurobiological models of PTSD and neuroimaging findings in the mindfulness literature, where mindfulness interventions may target emotional under- ...
Source: Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience - October 3, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Psychiatry Neurosci Source Type: research

Immediate and Lasting Chronic Pain Reduction Following a Brief Self-Implemented Mindfulness-Based Interoceptive Exposure Task: a Pilot Study
AbstractRecent imaging research shows that approximately 80% of people who transit from acute to chronic pain produce neuroplasticity linking pain pathways to learning areas of the brain, thus showing physiological evidence that chronic pain is largely learned. Mindfulness meditation programs have been used successfully to teach people a way of decreasing pain-related distress and unlearning their unhelpful relationship to pain. However, not all chronic pain patients are amenable to undergo a full mindfulness program and then maintain daily practice. Accordingly, we conducted a pilot study of a task extracted from a second...
Source: Mindfulness - October 3, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Author's reply - the cognitive therapy of depression [Correspondence]
(Source: Psychiatric Bulletin)
Source: Psychiatric Bulletin - October 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gipps, R. G. T. Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

The cognitive therapy of depression rests on substantial theoretical, empirical and clinical foundations: a reply to Dr Gipps [Special articles]
Dr Gipps claims that the cognitive therapy for depression rests on a mistake. But his anachronistic analysis of Beck's early research from the perspective of current psychoanalytic theory misses the point. The value of the research was not that it disproved psychoanalytic theory, but that it generated a model of depression that has revolutionised psychotherapy research. Psychoanalysts are belatedly adopting research methods that Beck pioneered half a century ago. The cognitive model of depression has explanatory power for both maintenance and vulnerability and has substantial research underpinning it. Cognitive therapy for...
Source: Psychiatric Bulletin - October 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Moorey, S. Tags: Special articles Source Type: research

Does the cognitive therapy of depression rest on a mistake? [Special articles]
Cognitive therapy for depression is common practice in today's National Health Service, yet it does not work well. Aaron Beck developed it after becoming disillusioned with the psychoanalytic theory and therapy he espoused and practised. But Beck's understanding of psychoanalysis appears to have been seriously flawed. Understood rightly, the psychoanalytic approach offers a cogent theory and therapy for depression which, unlike the cognitive approach, takes us to its emotional-motivational roots. A clinically successful therapy can afford to eschew theory and rest on its pragmatic laurels. This is not the case for cognitiv...
Source: Psychiatric Bulletin - October 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gipps, R. G. T. Tags: Special articles Source Type: research

New Cognitive Therapy Code Debuts in 2018: Coding changes also include new modifiers for habilitative and rehabilitative services.
(Source: The ASHA Leader Online)
Source: The ASHA Leader Online - October 1, 2017 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Disordered eating and obesity: associations between binge ‐eating disorder, night‐eating syndrome, and weight‐related comorbidities
Abstract Binge‐eating disorder (BED) and night‐eating syndrome (NES) are two forms of disordered eating associated with overweight and obesity. While these disorders also occur in nonobese persons, they seem to be associated with weight gain over time and higher risk of diabetes and other metabolic dysfunction. BED and NES are also associated with higher risk of psychopathology, including mood, anxiety, and sleep problems, than those of similar weight status without disordered eating. Treatments are available, including cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy, lisdexamfetamine, and selective serot...
Source: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences - October 1, 2017 Category: Science Authors: Courtney McCuen ‐Wurst, Madelyn Ruggieri, Kelly C. Allison Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Cognitive behavioural therapy halves the risk of repeated suicide attempts: systematic review.
Conclusions Cognitive behavioural therapy reduces not only repeated self-harm but also repeated suicide attempts. It should be the preferred treatment for all patients with depression. PMID: 29043894 [PubMed - in process] (Source: J R Soc Med AND (has...)
Source: J R Soc Med AND (has... - October 1, 2017 Category: General Medicine Authors: Gøtzsche PC, Gøtzsche PK Tags: J R Soc Med Source Type: research

Discrete Event Simulation Modelling of Long Term Cost-Effectiveness of Internet-Based Blended Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Major Depressive Disorder: Extrapolation of the E-Compared Randomised Controlled Trial
The E-COMPARED trials aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of blended (face-to-face and internet-based) cognitive behavioural therapy (bCBT) compared to treatment-as-usual (TAU) for major depressive disorder (MDD). Five randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were conducted over 12 months in primary care (Germany, UK, Poland, Spain and Sweden), and three in specialised mental health care (France, Netherlands and Switzerland). The current studies objective was to use Discrete Event Simulation (DES) to extrapolate the cost-effectiveness of bCBT versus TAU over five years. (Source: Value in Health)
Source: Value in Health - October 1, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: MM O'Connell, S Kolovos, JE Bosmans, JF Forbes, E-COMPARED Consortium Tags: P6: MENTAL HEALTH STUDIES Source Type: research

Internet Based Treatment of Depressive Symptoms – A Health Economic Evaluation of Costs and Benefits
This study aimed to examine the potential of the internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy “deprexis” to reduce total costs of statutory health insurance. Secondary, changes in depression severity, health-related quality of life and impairment in functioning were examined. (Source: Value in Health)
Source: Value in Health - October 1, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: V Gr äfe, W Greiner Source Type: research

Treating anxiety and depression in young adults: A randomised controlled trial comparing clinician-guided versus self-guided Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy.
CONCLUSION: These results indicate the potential of carefully developed Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy interventions for young adults with anxiety and depression provided in either self or therapist-guided format. Further large-scale research is required to determine the short- and long-term advantages and disadvantages of different models of support. PMID: 29064283 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dear BF, Fogliati VJ, Fogliati R, Johnson B, Boyle O, Karin E, Gandy M, Kayrouz R, Staples LG, Titov N Tags: Aust N Z J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The reciprocal relationship between daily fatigue and catastrophizing following cancer treatment: Affect and physical activity as potential mediators.
ConclusionsThis study provides evidence for a mutually reinforcing relationship between catastrophizing and fatigue in daily life, which might explain the perpetuation of fatigue after completion of cancer treatment. Fatigue‐specific cognitive behavior therapy could be improved by educating patients about this daily reciprocal relationship, train them to quickly replace catastrophizing thoughts in daily life, and help them to cope with affective changes induced by fatigue. (Source: Psycho-Oncology)
Source: Psycho-Oncology - October 1, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Fabiola M üller, Ellen Stephenson, Anita DeLongis, Ans Smink, Robert J. Van Ginkel, Marrit A. Tuinman, Mariët Hagedoorn Tags: PAPER Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Telephone-Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Patients One Year After Bariatric Surgery
Systematic reviews regarding psychosocial interventions to support bariatric surgery care have identified the role of psychological treatments after bariatric surgery. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has been shown to be beneficial for eating psychopathology in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. However, access to these treatments remains a challenge. Although previous research on telephone-based CBT (Tele-CBT) has shown improvements in eating psychopathology in bariatric surgery populations, patient engagement in these interventions appears to be higher after surgery. (Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases)
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - October 1, 2017 Category: Surgery Authors: Sanjeev Sockalingam, Karin Kantarovich, Raed Hawa, Susan Wnuk, Chau Du, Timothy Jackson, Stephanie Cassin Tags: Masters in Behavioral Health II Monday October 30 8:00AM – 12:00 PM Source Type: research

A novel but fundamental approach to follow-up after weight loss surgery an evaluation of a revised therapeutic program in a residential retreat facility in New Zealand
The Foundations of Healthy Living Retreat was established in 2012 based on a ‘back-on-track’ cognitive behavioural therapy-type program with acceptance commitment therapy modules, exercise and nutrition.  Our residential retreat program has been developed to cultivate an ownership of management of a chronic disease by examining not just the physical but also the psychol ogical components of obesity. In September 2106, we reflected on our participant outcomes by assessing engagement, personal interaction and behaviour changes and revised our program as a result of feedback. (Source: Surgery for Obesity...
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - October 1, 2017 Category: Surgery Authors: Andrea Schroeder Source Type: research

Guided Self-help vs Face-to-Face Treatment for Binge Eating Disorder
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the efficacy of internet-based guided self-help compared with traditional, face-to-face, individual cognitive behavior therapy. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinical relevance of findings in trials of CBT for depression.
Authors: Lepping P, Whittington R, Sambhi RS, Lane S, Poole R, Leucht S, Cuijpers P, McCabe R, Waheed W Abstract Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is beneficial in depression. Symptom scores can be translated into Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scale scores to indicate clinical relevance. We aimed to assess the clinical relevance of findings of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of CBT in depression. We identified RCTs of CBT that used the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD). HAMD scores were translated into Clinical Global Impression - Change scale (CGI-I) scores to measure clinical relevanc...
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - September 30, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research