Cashew wine and volatile compounds produced during fermentation by non-Saccharomyces and Saccharomyces yeast
Publication date: Available online 18 March 2020Source: LWTAuthor(s): Ester Seixas Bullé Rêgo, Carlos Augusto Rosa, Ana Luiza Freire, Ana Maria de Resende Machado, Fátima de Cássia Oliveira Gomes, Ayslan Santos Pereira da Costa, Marcelo da Costa Mendonça, Maria Lucila Hernández- Macedo, Francine Ferreira Padilha (Source: LWT Food Science and Technology)
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - March 19, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Solid-state fermentation for single-cell protein enrichment of guava and cashew by-products and inclusion on cereal bars
Publication date: Available online 16 March 2020Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural BiotechnologyAuthor(s): Cecília Elisa S. Muniz, Ângela Maria Santiago, Thaisa Abrantes Souza Gusmão, Hugo Miguel Lisboa Oliveira, Líbia de Sousa Conrado, Rennan Pereira de Gusmão (Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology)
Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology - March 17, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Anti-proliferative profile of Anacardium occidentale polysaccharide and characterization by AFM.
da Silva DA Abstract This paper explores the application of cashew gum (CG) as an in vitro antiproliferative, firstly by isolating and characterizing the gum using elemental analysis, gel-permeation chromatography, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The molar mass of isolated CG was in the order of 103-104 g/mol, with small protein traces present. Polymer characterization by NMR identified key signals correlating to galactose, glucose, rhamnose and acid-related groups. Three distinct conformational stages were observed by AFM. The impact of CG on cell morphology and viability wit...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - March 16, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Authors: de Oliveira Silva Ribeiro F, de França Dourado F, Silva MFS, Brito LM, Pessoa C, de Lima LRM, de Paula RCM, de Souza de Almeida Leite JR, de Araújo AR, da Silva DA Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

Evaluation of antitumor potential of cashew gum extracted from Anacardium occidentale Linn.
This study aims to determine the antitumor potential of cashew gum in vitro and in vivo. The cashew gum (CG) structure is similar to already showed in literature. The cytotoxicity effect of CG was performed by MTT assay, and B16-F10 melanoma model was used to evaluate antitumor effect. The tumor inhibition was calculated based on tumor weight. Hematological, histopathological, FTIR, oxidative stress and Western Blot analysis were performed to elucidate the mechanism of inhibition and toxic effects. As results, CG did not demonstrate cytotoxicity in vitro, however showed a significant tumor inhibition in vivo, with about 36...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - March 13, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Barros AB, Moura AF, Silva DA, Oliveira TM, Barreto FS, Ribeiro WLC, Alves APNN, Araújo AJ, Moraes Filho MO, Iles B, Medeiros JVR, Marinho-Filho JDB Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

Updated population minimal eliciting dose distributions for use in risk assessment of 14 priority food allergens.
Abstract Food allergy and allergen management are important global public health issues. In 2011, the first iteration of our allergen threshold database (ATDB) was established based on individual NOAELs and LOAELs from oral food challenge in roughly 1750 allergic individuals. Population minimal eliciting dose (EDp) distributions based on this dataset were published for 11 allergenic foods in 2014. Systematic data collection has continued (2011-2018) and the dataset now contains over 3400 data points. The current study provides new and updated EDp values for 14 allergenic foods and incorporates a newly developed St...
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - March 13, 2020 Category: Food Science Authors: Remington BC, Westerhout J, Meima MY, Blom WM, Kruizinga AG, Wheeler MW, Taylor SL, Houben GF, Baumert JL Tags: Food Chem Toxicol Source Type: research

The genome evolution and domestication of tropical fruit mango
Mango is one of the world ’s most important tropical fruits. It belongs to the family Anacardiaceae, which includes several other economically important species, notably cashew, sumac and pistachio from other g... (Source: Genome Biology)
Source: Genome Biology - March 6, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Peng Wang, Yingfeng Luo, Jianfeng Huang, Shenghan Gao, Guopeng Zhu, Zhiguo Dang, Jiangtao Gai, Meng Yang, Min Zhu, Huangkai Zhang, Xiuxu Ye, Aiping Gao, Xinyu Tan, Sen Wang, Shuangyang Wu, Edgar B. Cahoon & hellip; Tags: Research Source Type: research

Prevalence of allergen sensitization among 1,091 patients with urticaria.
Authors: Ping JD, Zhao JW, Sun XX, Wu F, Jiang ZY, Cheng Z, Zheng L, Xue HK, Yang JJ, Ming L Abstract The etiology of urticaria is heterogeneous and allergic responses may be involved in it. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and distribution of sensitivity to inhaled and food allergens among patients with urticaria in Henan province (China). The levels of specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) were detected using the AllergyScreen test and a total of 524/1,091 cases (48.0%) tested positive for sIgE to at least one of the 19 allergens. The most common inhaled allergens the urticaria patients w...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - February 29, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research

Development of cashew gum-based bionanocomposite as a platform for electrochemical trials.
as C Abstract Cashew gum (CG) biopolymer is from natural source, biocompatible, non-toxic, inexpensive, and easily extracted from the exudate of the Anacardium occidentale L. tree, which is abundant in the north and northeast of Brazil. Prussian blue nanoparticles (PBNPs) can be embedded in the natural materials and have been used in several (bio)technological applications. This work presents a new cashew gum-based bionanocomposite containing PBNPs prepared in situ (PBNPs@GC), where the CG biopolymer was used as a matrix to prevent nanoparticles aggregation. Herein, investigate the effect of different CG concentra...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - February 27, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Authors: De Moraes RR, Farias EAO, Carvalho CLC, Cantanhêde W, Eiras C Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

Self-assembling cashew gum-GRAFT-POLYLACTIDE copolymer nanoparticles as a potential amphotericin b delivery matrix.
a RCM Abstract Amphotericin B is an antibiotic used in the treatment of fungal disease and leishmania; however, it exhibits side effects to patients, hindering its wider application. Therefore, nanocarriers have been investigated as delivery systems for amphotericin B (AMB) in order to decrease its toxicity, besides increase bioavailability and solubility. Amphiphilic copolymers are interesting materials to encapsulate hydrophobic drugs such as AMB, hence copolymers of cashew gum (CG) and l-lactide (LA) were synthesized using two different CG:LA molar ratios (1:1 and 1:10). Data obtained revealed that copolymer na...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - February 22, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Richter AR, Carneiro MJ, de Sousa NA, Pinto VPT, Freire R RS, de Sousa JS, de Fátima Souza Mendes J, Dos Santos Fontenelle RO, Feitosa JPA, Paula HCB, Goycoolea FM, de Paula RCM Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 954: Changes Induced by Pressure Processing on Immunoreactive Proteins of Tree Nuts
Linacero Tree nuts confer many health benefits due to their high content of vitamins and antioxidants, and they are increasingly consumed in the last few years. Food processing is an important industrial tool to modify allergenic properties of foods, in addition to ensuring safety and enhancing organoleptic characteristics. The effect of high pressure, without and with heating, on SDS-PAGE and immunodetection profile of potential allergenic proteins (anti-11S, anti-2S and anti-LTP) of pistachio, cashew, peanut, hazelnut, almond, and chestnut was investigated. Processing based on heat and/or pressure and ultra-high pre...
Source: Molecules - February 20, 2020 Category: Chemistry Authors: Carmen Cuadrado Africa Sanchiz Fatima Vicente Isabel Ballesteros Rosario Linacero Tags: Article Source Type: research

IgE cross-reactivity measurement of cashew nut, hazelnut and peanut using a novel IMMULITE inhibition method
Journal Name: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM) Issue: Ahead of print (Source: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine)
Source: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine - February 15, 2020 Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research

Lung injury caused by occupational exposure to particles from the industrial combustion of cashew nut shells: a mice model.
Abstract Cashew nut shells (CNS) is already used in the energy matrix of some industries. However, it is necessary to know the harmful health effects generated by exposure to pollutants of its combustion, especially in the workers exposed to industrial pollutants. In addition, it is known that the incidence of asthma grows among workers in industries, and due to its previously reported biological effects of anethole, these will also be objects of the present study. We used 64 Balb/C mice, randomly divided into eight groups. Groups were sensitized and challenged with saline or ovalbumin, then subjected to intranasa...
Source: Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health - February 12, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Serra DS, Araujo RS, Oliveira MLM, Cavalcante FSA, Leal-Cardoso JH Tags: Arch Environ Occup Health Source Type: research

Investigation on fracture toughness of algae filler vinyl ester composite
Publication date: Available online 8 February 2020Source: Materials Today: ProceedingsAuthor(s): G. Bharathiraja, N. Karunagaran, V. Jayakumar, Saran GaneshAbstractThe natural filler particulate composite usage is seen in various applications in recent years due its eco-friendly nature. Synthetic fibers such as glass, carbon etc., have been widely used in fiber reinforced composites due to its high specific strength. But non-biodegradable nature of polymers and high cost of production leads to search of new kind of materials. The natural particulates obtained from various sources are used to prepare composite materials. Ri...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - February 9, 2020 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Porous carbon derived from cashew nut husk biomass waste for high-performance supercapacitors
Publication date: Available online 8 February 2020Source: Journal of Electroanalytical ChemistryAuthor(s): Ning Cai, Hao Cheng, Han Jin, Huayun Liu, Peng Zhang, Miao WangAbstractBiomass materials are regarded as ideal precursors for activated carbon owing to their unique structure. Here, a novel hierarchical carbon with a high surface area (2742 m2 g−1) and pore volume (1.528 cm3 g−1) is prepared from cashew nut husk biomass waste by a simple chemical activation. The as-obtained carbon is further assembled into electrodes and analyzed. In a three-electrode system, an optimal sample exhibits superior cap...
Source: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry - February 8, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Complex coacervates of cashew gum and gelatin as carriers of green coffee oil: The effect of microcapsule application on the rheological and sensorial quality of a fruit juice
Publication date: May 2020Source: Food Research International, Volume 131Author(s): Williara Queiroz de Oliveira, Nedio Jair Wurlitzer, Antonio Willian de Oliveira Araújo, Talita Aline Comunian, Maria do Socorro Rocha Bastos, Alessandra Lopes de Oliveira, Hilton César Rodrigues Magalhães, Hálisson Lucas Ribeiro, Raimundo Wilane de Figueiredo, Paulo Henrique Machado de SousaAbstractIn this work, cashew gum (CG) and gelatin (GE) complexation was explored to encapsulate green coffee oil (GCO), rich in cafestol and kahweol, for use as ingredient in fruit juice. The microcapsules were loaded with 25,...
Source: Food Research International - February 4, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Food-Induced Anaphylaxis: Visualization of Airway Contractility with Allergen Exposure in Precision Cut Lung Slices from a Donor with History of Fatal Anaphylaxis to Cashew
Peanuts and tree nuts account for the majority of anaphylaxis attributable deaths. We hypothesized that exposure to peanut or cashew allergen in post-mortem lung tissue from a donor with history of food allergy would cause airway contractility. (Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology)
Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - February 1, 2020 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Adam Price, Claire Putt, Suzanne House, Stacie Jones, Richard Kurten, Joshua Kennedy Source Type: research

Skin Prick Test Predictive Values for the Outcome of Cashew Challenges in Children
ConclusionA higher SPT wheal size may be more appropriate than the commonly used 8 mm cutoff to guide clinical decisions around when to perform OFC for cashew. (Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice)
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - January 16, 2020 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

In vitro digestion effect on mineral bioaccessibility and antioxidant bioactive compounds of plant-based beverages
This study provides at least 975 analytically determined laboratory results, providing important information for characterization and comparison of different plant-based beverages.Graphical abstract (Source: Food Research International)
Source: Food Research International - January 12, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Mechanistic insights into acetaminophen removal on cashew nut shell biomass-derived activated carbons.
ova S Abstract Activated carbons prepared from cashew nut shells by chemical activation with phosphoric acid were tested for the removal of acetaminophen. It was found that an increase in carbonization temperature resulted in increased pore volume and decreased amount of surface functional groups. Potentiometric titration analysis indicated that the majority of surface groups on carbons are acidic. Detailed surface characterization by FT-IR, XPS, and thermal analyses indicated the involvement of surface functional groups in the removal of acetaminophen either via hydrogen bonding or by acid hydrolysis. The carbon ...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - January 11, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Geczo A, Giannakoudakis DA, Triantafyllidis K, Elshaer MR, Rodríguez-Aguado E, Bashkova S Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Tree Nuts Anaphylaxis in Preschool Age Children.
Conclusions. In preschool age children with TNs-FIA, cashew and walnut were the commonest implicated nuts. Most reactions occurred briefly after exposure to minimal amounts of TNs, demonstrating the high potency of these allergens. About one-third also had peanut sensitization. Potentially life-threatening TNs allergy can occur early in childhood and adequate management should be undertaken. PMID: 31912691 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology)
Source: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - January 9, 2020 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol Source Type: research

Lung injury caused by exposure to the gaseous fraction of exhaust from biomass combustion (cashew nut shells): a mice model.
FSÁ Abstract Currently, to reduce the use of nonrenewable energy sources in energy matrices, some industries have already incorporated biomass as a source of energy for their processes. Additionally, filters are used in an attempt to retain the particulate matter present in exhaust gases. In this work, the emission gases of a cashew nut shell (CNS) combustion reactor and the deleterious effects on the respiratory system of mice exposed to gaseous fraction present in CNS emissions (GF-CNS) are analyzed. The system for CNS combustion is composed of a cylindrical stainless steel burner, and exhaust gases gene...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - January 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Serra DS, de Souza KCL, Naidu ST, de Lima JR, de Lima Gondim F, Gomes MDM, Araújo RDS, de Oliveira MLM, Cavalcante FSÁ Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Production and characterization of Gluconacetobacter xylinus bacterial cellulose using cashew apple juice and soybean molasses.
In this study, the use of cashew apple juice and soybean molasses were evaluated to produce BC by Gluconacetobacter xylinus in comparison to the usual Hestrin and Schramm medium (HS). BC produced in static cultivation was characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. The BC production (4.50 g L-1) obtained from the medium using cashew apple juice as carbon source (20 g L-1) with soybean molasses as nitrogen source (10 g L-1) was superior than HS medium (4.03 g L-1). Morphological analysis showed that bacterial celluloses produced with agro-indust...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - December 26, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Souza EF, Furtado MR, Carvalho CWP, Freitas-Silva O, Gottshalk LMF Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

Agathisflavone, a biflavonoid from Anacardium occidentale L., inhibits influenza virus' neuraminidase.
CONCLUSION: Altogether our data suggest that agathisflavone has a promising chemical structure for the development of anti-influenza drugs. PMID: 31854280 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry)
Source: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry - December 19, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: de Freitas CS, Rocha MEN, Sacramento CQ, Marttorelli A, Ferreira AC, Rocha N, de Oliveira AC, de Oliveira Gomes AM, Dos Santos PS, da Silva EO, da Costa JP, de Lima Moreira D, Bozza PT, da Silva JL, Barroso SPC, Souza TML Tags: Curr Top Med Chem Source Type: research

An integrated analytical approach based on NMR, LC–MS and GC–MS to evaluate thermal and non-thermal processing of cashew apple juice
Publication date: 30 March 2020Source: Food Chemistry, Volume 309Author(s): Elenilson G. Alves Filho, Lorena Mara A. Silva, Nedio Jair Wurlitzer, Fabiano André N. Fernandes, Thatyane Vidal Fonteles, Sueli Rodrigues, Edy S. de BritoAbstractInnovative chemometric approaches by NMR and LC–MS data fusion (multiblock analysis) and decomposition of the GC–MS raw data by PARADISe were applied to evaluate the influence of thermal and non-thermal processing on the composition of cashew apple juices. Comparative investigations by Principal Component Analysis (PCA) highlighted pronounced effect of thermal processin...
Source: Food Chemistry - December 7, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Valorization of cashew apple bagasse using acetic acid pretreatment: Production of cellulosic ethanol and lignin for their use as sunscreen ingredients
Publication date: Available online 27 November 2019Source: Process BiochemistryAuthor(s): Carlos Eduardo de Araújo Padilha, Cleitiane da Costa Nogueira, Marcos Antônio Oliveira Filho, Domingos Fabiano de Santana Souza, Jackson Araújo de Oliveira, Everaldo Silvino dos SantosAbstractThe present study focuses on the fractionation of cashew apple bagasse via a pretreatment using acetic acid as a delignifying agent and sulfuric acid as an external catalyst. As expected, the concentrations of both acids and the incubation time dramatically affected delignification and hemicellulose solubilization. Under the o...
Source: Process Biochemistry - November 28, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Comparative effects of different types of tree nut consumption on blood lipids: a network meta-analysis of clinical trials.
CONCLUSIONS: The pistachio-enriched and walnut-enriched diet could be better alternatives for lowering TGs, LDL cholesterol, and TC compared with other nut-enriched diets included in this study. The findings warrant further evaluation by more high-quality studies.This network meta-analysis was registered at www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO as CRD42019131128. PMID: 31773150 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Liu K, Hui S, Wang B, Kaliannan K, Guo X, Liang L Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Extraction and assessment of oil and bioactive compounds from cashew nut (Anacardium occidentale) using pressurized n-propane and ethanol as cosolvent
Publication date: Available online 18 November 2019Source: The Journal of Supercritical FluidsAuthor(s): Ana Beatriz Zanqui, Claudia Marques da Silva, Jéssica Barrionuevo Ressutte, Damila Rodrigues de Morais, Jandyson Machado Santos, Marcos Nogueira Eberlin, Lúcio Cardozo-Filho, Edson Antônio da Silva, Sandra Terezinha Marques Gomes, Makoto MatsushitaAbstractCashew nuts in natura were crushed and subjected to lipid extraction using pressurized propane. There was variation in the temperature (30–60°C) and percentage of the cosolvent ethanol (0-6%) using a 2² factorial design with central p...
Source: The Journal of Supercritical Fluids - November 19, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Oral immunotherapy for hazelnut allergy: a single-center retrospective study on 100 patients
Publication date: Available online 18 November 2019Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Tomas Moraly, Diane Pelletier de Chambure, Stephane Verdun, Christian Preda, Maxime Seynave, Anne-Christine Vilain, Cecile Chenivesse, Christine Delebarre-SauvageAbstractBackgroundOral immunotherapy (OIT) protects patients with IgE-mediated food allergies from food-induced allergic reactions due to accidental exposure and may improve their quality of life. This approach has never been evaluated for hazelnut, a major cause of food allergy in Europe.ObjectiveWe sought to determine the proportion of...
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - November 18, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Packaging with cashew gum/gelatin/essential oil for bread: Release potential of the citral
Publication date: March 2020Source: Food Packaging and Shelf Life, Volume 23Author(s): Marília A. Oliveira, Maria L.C. Gonzaga, Maria S.R. Bastos, Hilton C.R. Magalhães, Selene D. Benevides, Roselayne F. Furtado, Rafael A. Zambelli, Deborah S. GarrutiAbstractCashew gum (CG) and gelatin (G) films were produced by incorporating ferulic acid (FA), as a cross-linking agent and Cymbopogon citratus essential oil (EO) for application bread packaging. The addition of FA and EO did not significantly affect water vapor permeability (WVP) or opacity. There was a significant decrease in the solubility of the films, possi...
Source: Food Packaging and Shelf Life - November 18, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Synthesis and mechanical behavior studies of bio-waste derived low-cost composite materials
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Materials Today: ProceedingsAuthor(s): Venkata Naga Baji Tokala, Sarat Babu MulpurAbstractComposite materials are the tailor- made multifunctional materials consisting of suitable physical and mechanical properties for the applications in various fields such as aerospace, sensitive electronic equipment, marine, civil construction, etc. In this work, a bio-waste derived composite material was synthesized using compression molding of cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) (bio-waste resin) along with 3% paraformaldehyde, coconut coir, and sugarcane bagasse. Fibers separated ...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - November 15, 2019 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

The Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Anacardic Acid on a TNF- α - Induced Human Saphenous Vein Endothelial Cell Culture Model.
CONCLUSION: In accordance with our results, it can be said that AA has a protective role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and hence in saphenous vein graft disease. PMID: 31692436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology)
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology - November 5, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Önal B, Özen D, Demir B, Gezen Ak D, Dursun E, Demir C, Akkan AG, Özyazgan S Tags: Curr Pharm Biotechnol Source Type: research

Adsorption kinetic and isotherm studies of Azure A on various activated carbons derived from agricultural wastes
Publication date: November 2019Source: Arabian Journal of Chemistry, Volume 12, Issue 7Author(s): S. Sivakumar, P. Muthirulan, M. Meenakshi SundaramAbstractThe present study narrates the eminent role of agricultural wastes as adsorbents viz., Indian almond shell carbon (IASC), ground nut shell carbon (GSC), areca nut shell carbon (ASC), tamarind shell carbon (TSC) and cashew nut shell carbon (CSC) for the removal of Azure A (AA) dye from waste water. Different experimental parameters such as effect of initial concentration, contact time, dose, pH and particle size have been studied. The experimental results were analysed u...
Source: Arabian Journal of Chemistry - November 4, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

An integrated analytical approach based on NMR, LC-MS and GC-MS to evaluate thermal and non-thermal processing of cashew apple juice
Publication date: Available online 31 October 2019Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Elenilson G. Alves Filho, Lorena Mara A. Silva, Nedio Jair Wurlitzer, Fabiano André N. Fernandes, Thatyane Vidal Fonteles, Sueli Rodrigues, Edy S. de BritoAbstractInnovative chemometric approaches by NMR and LC-MS data fusion (multiblock analysis) and decomposition of the GC-MS raw data by PARADISe were applied to evaluate the influence of thermal and non-thermal processing on the composition of cashew apple juices. Comparative investigations by Principal Component Analysis (PCA) highlighted pronounced effect of thermal processing on ...
Source: Food Chemistry - November 1, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Cardol-Derived Organophosphorothioates as Inhibitors of Acetylcholinesterase for Dengue Vector Control
Aedes aegypti is the main vector of three neglected tropical diseases: dengue, zika and chikungunya. Dengue is under surveillance by health organizations worldwide due to the risk of epidemics. Since there is no specific treatment for dengue, most studies have focused on preventing the reproduction and/or development of the mosquitoes. We studied the larvicidal activity of five phosphates and phosphorothioates derived from cardol, one of the four main components of cashew nut shell liquid (Anacardium occidentale L.), at different concentrations. The organophosphorothioate derivatives were tested for their in vitro inhibito...
Source: Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society - October 25, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 3858: Photocuring of Epoxidized Cardanol for Biobased Composites with Microfibrillated Cellulose
vanni Cardanol is a natural alkylphenolic compound derived from Cashew NutShell Liquid (CNSL), a non-food annually renewable raw material extracted from cashew nutshells. In the quest for sustainable materials, the curing of biobased monomers and prepolymers with environmentally friendly processes attracts increasing interest. Photopolymerization is considered to be a green technology owing to low energy requirements, room temperature operation with high reaction rates, and absence of solvents. In this work, we study the photocuring of a commercially available epoxidized cardanol, and explore its use in combination wit...
Source: Molecules - October 25, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Sara Dalle Vacche Alessandra Vitale Roberta Bongiovanni Tags: Article Source Type: research

Dual-responsive shape memory and self-healing ability of a novel copolymer from epoxy/cashew nut shell liquid and polycaprolactone
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Polymer TestingAuthor(s): Narubeth Lorwanishpaisarn, Pornnapa Kasemsiri, Kaewta Jetsrisuparb, Jesper T.N. Knijnenburg, Salim Hiziroglu, Uraiwan Pongsa, Prinya Chindaprasirt, Hiroshi UyamaAbstractIn this work, the blends of epoxy (EP) and polycaprolactone (PCL) with a bio-based curing agent, viz. cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) were studied for their dual-responsive shape memory and self-healing behaviors. The suitable EP/CNSL weight ratio was observed at 70/30. The increase of PCL content up to 20 wt% in EP-CNSL matrix significantly enhanced the shape memory respon...
Source: Polymer Testing - October 17, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Phenotypical characterization of tree nuts and peanut allergies in east Mediterranean children.
CONCLUSIONS: Children with TNs/PN allergy living in an East Mediterranean region differ from the counterparts living in Western countries by an earlier age of onset of the TNs/PN allergy symptoms, increasing possibility to have multiple TNs/PN allergy at older ages, and different spectrum of TN/PN allergies (hazelnut followed by pistachio/cashew) that all indicate the consumption habits which are important determinants of TN/PN allergy development. PMID: 31590922 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Allergologia et Immunopathologia)
Source: Allergologia et Immunopathologia - October 4, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Cetinkaya PG, Buyuktiryaki B, Soyer O, Sahiner UM, Sackesen C, Sekerel BE Tags: Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) Source Type: research

Preparation and characterization of carboxymethyl cashew gum grafted with immobilized antibody for potential biosensor application
This report details the design of carboxymethylated cashew gum (CG) as a platform for antibody (Ab) immobilization, which can then be used as a biosensor for bacteria detection. The CG was isolated and characterized, followed by conversion to carboxymethyl cashew gum (CMCG). The CMCG film was a viable support for antibody immobilization; it was electrodeposited on gold surface using the cyclic voltammetry technique, applying a potential sweep from -1.0 V to 1.3 V with a scan rate of 50 mV s-1 and 10 scans. The COOH groups on the surface of the film were critical in promoting Ab bonding. The immo...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - October 1, 2019 Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research

Fungal metabolite and mycotoxins profile of cashew nut from selected locations in two African countries
. (Source: Food Additives and Contaminants Part A)
Source: Food Additives and Contaminants Part A - September 19, 2019 Category: Food Science Authors: Modupeade Christianah Adetunji Shamsideen Olusegun Aroyeun Michael B Osho Michael Sulyok Rudolf Krska Mulunda Mwanza Source Type: research

Antibacterial application of natural and carboxymethylated cashew gum-based silver nanoparticles produced by microwave-assisted synthesis
This study presents a green synthesis route to silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) stabilized with cashew gum (CG) or carboxymethylated cashew gum (CCG) using microwave-assisted synthesis and evaluates their antibacterial activity. The antimicrobial activity was measured by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) with Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. In both cases of the presence of CG and CCG, it was found that higher pH lead to more efficient conversion of silver nitrate to AgNPs with well dispersed, spherical and stable particles as well as low crystallinity. CCG-capped AgNPs were slightly smaller (13...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - September 15, 2019 Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research

Parental and child factors associated with inhalant and food allergy in a population-based prospective cohort study: the Generation R Study
Conclusions: We found strong effects of parental history of allergy, eczema or asthma on the presence of physician-diagnosed inhalant allergy in children at age 10  years. Eczema ever at age 10 years was a strong risk factor for the development of physician-diagnosed inhalant and food allergy.What is Known:• The prevalence of allergic diseases in children has markedly increased.• Early-life influences are critically important in the development of allergic diseases.What is New:• Maternal and paternal history of allergy, eczema or asthma is associated with increased risks of physician-diagnosed inha...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - September 10, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 3284: Nanomaterials Based on Fe3O4 and Phthalocyanines Derived from Cashew Nut Shell Liquid
loise Mele Mazzetto In this work we report the synthesis of new hybrid nanomaterials in the core/shell/shell morphology, consisting of a magnetite core (Fe3O4) and two consecutive layers of oleic acid (OA) and phthalocyanine molecules, the latter derived from cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL). The synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticle was performed via co-precipitation procedure, followed by the nanoparticle coating with OA by hydrothermal method. The phthalocyanines anchorage on the Fe3O4/OA core/shell nanomaterial was performed by facile and effective sonication method. The as obtained Fe3O4/OA/phthalocyanine hybrids we...
Source: Molecules - September 9, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Ribeiro Mota J únior Lima Fechine Denardin Carbone Bloise Mele Mazzetto Tags: Article Source Type: research

Mechanical behaviour and characterization of reinforced CNSL composite material
Publication date: Available online 6 September 2019Source: Materials Today: ProceedingsAuthor(s): J.G.K. Kumar, R. Venkatesh BabuAbstractThe natural fibers are cheap and easily available in India. Therefore they play an important role in automobile applications. Also, increase the environmental effect. In this research work, the composite materials are made from natural materials as a hybrid polymer matrix composite. The different materials like coconut fiber, flax and glass fibers which were made from the natural material were prepared in the form of a matrix and appropriate resins were mixed to have proper bonding of the...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - September 7, 2019 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Effects of hot air-assisted radio frequency roasting on nutritional quality and aroma composition of cashew nut kernels
This study further investigated HA-RF roasting effects on nutritional quality, malondialdehyde (MDA) and aroma compounds of cashew nut kernels. After HA-RF roasting, crude fiber content of kernels increased from 2.49 g/100 g to 3.18 g/100 g while ash and protein content did not change significantly (p > 0.05). In raw and roasted kernels, 14 fatty acids were detected including 7 saturated fatty acids and 7 unsaturated fatty acids. Fatty acid composition and individual amino acid content were not affected by HA-RF or conventional hot air (HA) roasting. MDA content increased from 0.36 mg/kg to 0.48 mg/kg an...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - August 31, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Application of multivariate optimization for the selective extraction of phenolic compounds in cashew nuts (Anacardium occidentale L.).
, Vieira EC Abstract An extraction method based on a multivariate analytical approach was developed for enhancement of the phenolic compounds in cashew nut extracts. The different extractor solvents (acetone, water, ethanol, and methanol) and their binary, ternary, and quaternary combinations were evaluated using a simplex-centroid design and surface response methodology. The special cubic model exhibits no lack of fit and explains 89.2% of the variance. The total phenolic measurements by the Folin-Ciocalteu method revealed the highest values for ethanol (5.93 mg GAE g-1) and acetone-methanol-ethanol ternary mix...
Source: Talanta - August 29, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Mendes MKA, Oliveira CBDS, Veras MDA, Araújo BQ, Dantas C, Chaves MH, Lopes Júnior CA, Vieira EC Tags: Talanta Source Type: research

Cardanol-like co-surfactants solubilized in pegylated micelles keep their antioxidant activity and preserve polyethylene glycol chains from oxidation
This study enlightens the ability of hydrogenated cardanol derivatives to act as radical-trapping agents and/or as protective co-surfactants toward the oxidative degradation PEG-coated nanoaggregates used in food and drug science.Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids)
Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - August 28, 2019 Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

Cashew gum, a biopolymer, topically protects oesophageal mucosa in non erosive reflux disease: a promising translational study
This study aimed to investigate a standardized biopolymer, cashew gum (CG), in human oesophageal mucosa and mice with experimentally-induced non-erosive reflux disease (NERD). Human oesophageal biopsies from NERD patients were collected to evaluate the mucosal protection of CG through transepithelial electrical resistance (TER), mucosal permeability, and mucoadhesiveness tests. A surgical model of NERD in mice was induced, and barrier functions followed by suggestive oesophageal inflammatory hallmarks were evaluated. Pre-coating of CG was effective in human oesophageal mucosa by attenuating drop of TER and mucosal permeabi...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - August 23, 2019 Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research

Cold plasma processing effect on cashew nuts composition and allergenicity
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Elenilson G. Alves Filho, Lorena Mara A. Silva, Francisco Oiram Filho, Sueli Rodrigues, Fabiano A.N. Fernandes, Maria Izabel Gallão, Christopher P. Mattison, Edy S. de BritoAbstractThe study investigated the influence of atmospheric plasma processing on cashew nut composition as well as on its allergenicity. The cashew nuts were processed by low-pressure plasma, using glow discharge plasma (80 W and 50 kHz power supply). Anacardic acids and allergens were quantified by HPLC and immunoassay, respectively. Additionally, ...
Source: Food Research International - August 20, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

12th IFDC 2017 Special Issue – Foods from Latin America and their nutritional contribution: A global perspective
Publication date: Available online 14 August 2019Source: Journal of Food Composition and AnalysisAuthor(s): Lilia Masson SalaueAbstractBefore the Spaniards conquered America in 1492, several ancient cultures and empires – the Aztec, Maya, Inca, and Mapuche, among them – already inhabited the two continents and had made important advances in the arts and sciences as well as in architecture, astronomy, agriculture and the domestication of crops. These peoples lived according to their own rules and in harmony with their magnificent natural setting. More than 500 years have passed, and Latin America still hosts sig...
Source: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis - August 15, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research