Immune cells assemble - boosting the effects of chemotherapy in pancreatic cancer

(Queen Mary University of London) A new study from Queen Mary University of London has demonstrated that immune cells can be stimulated to assemble into special structures within pancreatic cancer such that, at least in a pre-clinical model, researchers can demonstrate an improvement in the efficacy of chemotherapy.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Brief Bioinform. 2021 Sep 22:bbab388. doi: 10.1093/bib/bbab388. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFerroptosis is a form of regulated cell death initiated by oxidative perturbations that can be blocked by iron chelators and lipophilic antioxidants, and ferroptosis may be the silver bullet treatment for multiple cancers, including immunotherapy- and chemotherapy-insensitive cancers such as pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Numerous studies have noted that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulate the biological behaviour of cancer cells by binding to DNA, RNA and protein. However, few studies have reported the role of lncRN...
Source: Briefings in Bioinformatics - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Source Type: research
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a lethal disease with a poor prognosis. In resectable PDAC, the recurrence rate is still high even when surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy (CT) are applied. Regional lymph node metastasis and positive margins are associated with higher recurrence risk and worse survival. Adjuvant radiotherapy has been explored, but its efficacy remains controversial. In recent years, some characteristics have been reported to stratify patients who may benefit from adjuvant chemoradiation (CRT), such as lymph node metastasis and margin status. Adjuvant chemotherapy followed by chemoradiation (CT-CRT...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsChemotherapy with FOLFIRNOX or gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel induces variable changes in circulating T-cell populations that may provide prognostic information in PDAC.
Source: Clinical and Translational Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
iss Pancreatic cancer is a treatment-resistant malignancy associated with high mortality. However, defective homologous recombination (HR), a DNA repair mechanism required for high-fidelity repair of double-strand DNA breaks, is a therapeutic vulnerability. Consistent with this, a subset of patients with pancreatic cancer show unique tumor responsiveness to HR-dependent DNA damage triggered by certain treatments (platinum chemotherapy and PARP inhibitors). While pathogenic mutations in HR genes are a major driver of this sensitivity, another layer of diverse tumor intrinsic and extrinsic factors regulate the HR deficie...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
This study investigated the therapeutic efficacy of chemoradiotherapy (CRT) following induction chemotherapy with gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel (GnP) (CRT group) compared with systemic chemotherapy alone (CTx group) in patients with UR-LAPC. This was a retrospective study of 63 consecutive patients with UR-LAPC treated at our department in a Japanese cancer referral center between February 2015 and July 2018. We excluded patients who underwent other regimens and those enrolled in another prospective study. The CRT group (n = 25) exhibited significantly better progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) than...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ierry Conroy Complete surgical resection is the cornerstone of curative therapy for resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Upfront surgery is the gold standard, but it is rarely curative. Neoadjuvant treatment is a logical option, as it may overcome some of the limitations of adjuvant therapy and has already shown some encouraging results. The main concern regarding neoadjuvant therapy is the risk of disease progression during chemotherapy, meaning the opportunity to undergo the intended curative surgery is missed. We reviewed all recent literature in the following areas: major surveys, retrospective studies, meta-analy...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
In conclusion, there was no difference in clinical characteristics according to the timing of distant metastasis. Oncological outcomes differed by metastatic site.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
J Nippon Med Sch. 2021 Sep 14. doi: 10.1272/jnms.JNMS.2022_89-118. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAdjuvant chemotherapy has been carried out for patients with cancer who underwent curative resection, but it is basically not needed for patients without micro-metastatic lesions who undergo a perfectly curative surgical operation. The patients who need adjuvant chemotherapy are defined as those whose micro-metastases cannot be detected by imaging modalities in the other sites of the resective areas, despite curative resection for the primary sites. If biomarkers to efficiently evaluate the metastatic potential of each patient ...
Source: Journal of Nippon Medical School - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionPCT can prolong survival in some patients with mPC. Our nomogram can individualize predict OS of pancreatectomy combined with chemotherapy in patients with concurrent mPC.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Surgery is the gold standard of therapy. The best chance for curative resection is at the time of the first diagnosis of the disease. Compartmental surgery is a macroscopically complete resection through en bloc excision of adjacent structures, even if not clearly infiltrated. Many controversies still exist in the treatment of retroperitoneal liposarcoma, such as the extent of primary and secondary resections, the benefit of chemotherapy and radiation therapy, and when these treatments should be delivered.KEY WORDS: Compartmental surgery, Liposarcoma, Surgery, Retroperitoneal sarcoma.PMID:34524112
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
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