Insulin Stimulation Reduces Aortic Waveform in Adults with Metabolic Syndrome

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2021 Apr 16. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00975.2020. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAdults with metabolic syndrome (MetS) have increased fasting arterial stiffness and altered central hemodynamics that contribute, partly, to increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Although insulin affects aortic wave reflections in healthy adults, the effects in individuals with MetS are unclear. We hypothesized that insulin stimulation would reduce measures of pressure waveforms and hemodynamics in people with MetS. Thirty-five adults with obesity (27F; 54.2 ± 6.0 yr; 37.1 ± 4.8 kg/m2) were selected for MetS (ATP III criteria) following an overnight fast. Pulse wave analysis was assessed using applanation tonometry before and after a 2hr euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp (90 mg/dl, 40 mU/m2/min). Deconvolution analysis was used to decompose the aortic waveform (augmentation index corrected to heart rate of 75 bpm (AIx@75); augmentation pressure (AP)) into backward and forward pressure components. Aerobic fitness (VO2max), body composition (DXA), and blood biochemistries were also assessed. Insulin significantly reduced augmentation index (AIx@75, 28.0 ± 9.6 vs. 23.0 ± 9.9 %, P
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology - Category: Physiology Authors: Source Type: research

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