Characterization of Streptomyces Isolates Associated with Estuarine Fish Chanos chanos and Profiling of Their Antibacterial Metabolites-Crude-Extract.

This study investigated antibacterial-producing Streptomyces isolated from the gut of estuarine fish Chanos chanos, emphasizing screening for the producer of peptide-containing antibacterial compounds. Eighteen isolates were found during preliminary screening, in which four isolates showed the best antibacterial activities. Based on the morphological, physiological, and biochemical characterization, as well as 16S rRNA partial sequencing, all of the four isolates belonged to Streptomyces. Three isolates were suspected as novel isolate candidates based on homology presentations and phylogenetic tree analysis. Disk-diffusion assay of the metabolite-crude-extract from the isolates showed broad-spectrum inhibitory activities against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Bacillus cereus ATCC 10876, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa InaCC B52 with minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration ranging from 2.5-10 mg/mL and 5-10 mg/mL, respectively. The highest antibacterial activity with low MIC and MBC values was shown by isolate AIA-10. Qualitative HPLC profiling revealed that the metabolic-crude-extracts showed many peaks with intensive area at 210 and 214 nm, especially from SCA-11 and AIA-10, indicating the presence of peptide groups in the structure of the constituent compound. The results also suggested that crude extracts SCA-11 and AIA-10 had higher hydrophobicity properties than the other extracts. Further ch...
Source: International Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Int J Microbiol Source Type: research

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Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
SYTO 9 is a fluorescent nucleic acid stain that is widely used in microbiology, particularly for fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry analyzes. Fluorimetry-based analysis, i.e., analysis of fluorescence intensity from a bulk sample measurement, is more cost effective, rapid and accessible than microscopy or flow cytometry but requires application-specific calibration. Here we show the relevance of SYTO 9 for food safety analysis. We stained four bacterial species of relevance to food safety (Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica ser. Typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus) with differ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract Natural products from plants are pulling in more interest in exploration due to their therapeutic properties like, mainly because of the drug-resistance in microbes against synthetic drugs. Thus, the present study was designed to assess the antimicrobial and antioxidant actions of some Agro-waste (garlic, ginger, onion, potato) peel extracts. Ginger peel extracts exhibited the highest FRAP (0.273±0.044 mm Fe2+ Eq/g dry weight) while garlic peel extracts exhibited the highest TAC (0.47±0.0452 mm AAE/g dry weight) values among all selections. The antimicrobial activity of the peels was evaluat...
Source: An Acad Bras Cienc - Category: Science Authors: Tags: An Acad Bras Cienc Source Type: research
A series of 2-amino-1,4-naphthoquinone derivatives (NQA-NQF) was synthesized by alternative methods (ultrasonication and microwave irradiation), with yields ranging from 40 to 71%, and without the need of further recrystallization. Each compound was evaluated against four Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus) and five Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii and Klebsiella pneumoniae positive β -lactamase) bacteria strains. The NQF was the most active amino-naphthoquinone derivative with minimum...
Source: Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
dra Combrinck Terminalia sericea Burch. ex. DC. (Combretaceae) is a popular remedy for the treatment of infectious diseases. It is widely prescribed by traditional healers and sold at informal markets and may be a good candidate for commercialisation. For this to be realised, a thorough phytochemical and bioactivity profile is required to identify constituents that may be associated with the antibacterial activity and hence the quality of raw materials and consumer products. The aim of this study was to explore the phytochemistry and identify the antibacterial constituents of T. sericea root bark, using a metabolomic a...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract Three new neoflavonoids, named (1S,8R,9S)-1,5-dihydroxy-4,12-dimethoxy-8-vinyl-tricyclo[7.3.1.02,7]trideca-2,4,6,11-tetraen-10-one (1), 2,5,2',5'-tetrahydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone (2) and 2,5,3'-trihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone (3), were isolated from the heartwood of Dalbergia melanoxylon. Their structures were established by spectroscopic methods, including UV, IR, HRMS, 1 D and 2 D-NMR. Compounds 1-3 were evaluated for inhibitory activity against three fungal strains Candida albicans, Mucor ramosissimus, Saccharomycopsis fermentans and seven bacterial strains Shigella dysenteriae, Salmon...
Source: Natural Product Research - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Nat Prod Res Source Type: research
Antimicrobial Activity of Cultivable Endophytic and Rhizosphere Fungi Associated with "Mile-a-Minute," Mikania cordata (Asteraceae). Biomed Res Int. 2020;2020:5292571 Authors: Jayatilake PL, Munasinghe H Abstract Endophytic and rhizosphere fungi are understood to be aiding the host plant to overcome a range of biotic and abiotic stresses (nutrition depletion, droughts, etc.) hence, they remain to be reservoirs of plethora of natural products with immense use. Consequently, this investigation of endophytic and rhizosphere fungi isolated from Mikania cordata (a perennial vine that is well esta...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
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Source: Iranian Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Iran J Microbiol Source Type: research
Abstract The aim is to evaluate the prooxidant and antimicrobial effects of Fe3O4 and TiO2 nanoparticles and thalicarpine by luminescent and standard microbiological assays. Their effect on the kinetics of free-radical oxidation reactions (at pH 7.4 and pH 8.5) is studied in the following model systems, using activated chemiluminescence: chemical, with Fenton's reagent (H2O2-FeSO4)-for the generation of hydroxyl radicals (.OH); chemical, with oxidant hydrogen peroxide (H2O2); chemical (NAD.H-PhMS), for the generation of superoxide radicals (O2.-). Fe3O4 nanoparticles exhibit highly pronounced antioxidant propertie...
Source: Archives of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Arch Microbiol Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to identify and isolate lactic acid bacterial (LAB) strains from the intestinal tracts of pigs and feces of dogs and then characterize them as potential probiotics with antimicrobial activity against multidrug-resistant pathogenic bacteria. In a preliminary isolation screening, 45 of 1167 isolated LAB strains were found to have anti-S. aureus ATCC 27,735 activity. Using 16S rDNA and 16S-23S rDNA intergenic spacer region (ISR) sequences, five of these isolates were further identified as Lactobacillus animalis 30a-2, Lactobacillus reuteri 4-12E, Weissella cibaria C34, Lactococcus lactis 5-12H,...
Source: Archives of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Arch Microbiol Source Type: research
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