Associations between Neurodevelopmental Disorders and Attachment Patterns in Preschool-Aged Children: Systematic Review

AbstractPurpose of ReviewAttachment is a biological evolutionary system contributing to infant survival. In neurotypical children, secure attachment is critical to healthy brain and organ-system development. Attachment patterns in children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) have not been extensively explored. The purpose of this review is to appraise and summarize the literature examining attachment in children with NDDs.Recent FindingsChildren with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), intellectual disability (ID) or developmental language disorder (DLD) displayed behavior indicative of secure attachments. Approximately 42 –50% of children with NDDs were deemed securely attached compared with 62% in neurotypical children. Factors influencing attachment patterns were autistic symptoms, developmental level, maternal sensitivity, and maternal insightfulness/resolve.SummaryMany children with NDDs can form secure attachments; however, this is based on limited data, primarily focusing on children with ASD. Specific challenges were identified in assessing attachment patterns in children with NDDs. This demonstrates the need for research investigating attachment in children with various NDDs and co-occurring disorders.
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - Category: Child Development Source Type: research

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We present the phenotypic and genotypic results of our patients and discuss our findings in relation to the available literature. PMID: 32758661 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Medical Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Eur J Med Genet Source Type: research
Abstract Rare genetic variants that disrupt speech development provide entry points for deciphering the neurobiological foundations of key human capacities. The value of this approach is illustrated by FOXP2, a transcription factor gene that was implicated in speech apraxia, and subsequently investigated using human cell-based systems and animal models. Advances in next-generation sequencing, coupled to de novo paradigms, facilitated discovery of etiological variants in additional genes in speech disorder cohorts. As for other neurodevelopmental syndromes, gene-driven studies show blurring of boundaries between di...
Source: Current Opinion in Genetics and Development - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Genet Dev Source Type: research
uren P, Øien RA Abstract Early identification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is regarded as crucial for swift access to early intervention and, subsequently, better outcomes later in life. However, current instruments miss large proportions of children who later go on to be diagnosed with ASD, raising a question of what these instruments measure. The present study utilized data from the Norwegian Mother, Father, and Child Cohort Study and the Autism Birth Cohort study to explore the subsequent developmental and diagnostic characteristics of children raising developmental concern on the six-critical discr...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
Conclusions Language affects our understanding of play skills in some young children. Parents, researchers, and clinicians must be careful not to underestimate or overestimate play based on language presentation. Differential skills in language have the potential to unduly influence our perceptions of play for children with developmental disabilities. PMID: 32402229 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch Source Type: research
This study examined lifetime medical and psychiatric morbidity reported by caregivers of 2917 autistic adults participating in the US research cohort SPARK. Participants were 78.4% male, 47.3% had intellectual disability, and 32.1% had persistent language impairments. Childhood language disorders (59.7%), speech/articulation problems (32.8%), sleep (39.4%) and eating problems (29.4%), motor delays (22.8%) and history of seizure (15.5%) were the most frequently reported clinical features. Over two thirds (67.2%) had been diagnosed with at least one psychiatric disorder (anxiety disorders: 41.1%; ADHD: 38.7%). Compared to ve...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
ConclusionThis report, along with other recent observations, suggests the hypothesis that the BP region comprised between BP3 and BP5 in chromosome 15q13 is involved in several brain human dysfunctions, including impairment of the language development and, its deletion, may be directly or indirectly responsible for the speech delay and language deficit in the affected individuals.
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
For some time now I’ve been talking about incorporating sibling participation into speech-language intervention. I know what you’re thinking: It’s hard enough to focus on goals, take data, and find functional, motivating activities to help generalize skills into daily routines. Why add one more thing into the mix? Here’s why … sibling participation can create a win-win situation for both the sibling and the child needing services. Siblings often feel left out and confused about their brother’s or sister’s special needs. I experience this first-hand as a sibling of a sister who stu...
Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Press Releases - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Health Care Private Practice Schools Slider Speech-Language Pathology Autism Spectrum Disorder Early Intervention Fluency Disorders Language Disorders Source Type: blogs
Discussion Children can be non-verbal for many reasons with most just not wanting to talk in a given situation for a short period of time (e.g. angry with a person, scared to give a speech at school, etc.). Children may have the ability to communicate verbally but for some reason it is physically impaired for a period of time. Selective mutism (SM) “… is characterized by an individual’s consistent failure to speak in social situations in which there is an expectation to speak (e.g., at school), despite speaking in other situations.” The lack of speech cannot be due to discomfort speaking in a give...
Source: - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Discussion The negative effect of poverty and toxic stress on children born preterm, as depicted by the eco-bio-developmental model, is supported by this analysis. Healthcare providers are encouraged to address the tripartite vulnerability resulting from prematurity, poverty, and toxic stress.
Source: Nursing Research - Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research
Abstract Estimates of the prevalence of speech and motor speech disorders in persons with complex neurodevelopmental disorders (CND) can inform research in the biobehavioural origins and treatment of CND. The goal of this research was to use measures and analytics in a diagnostic classification system to estimate the prevalence of speech and motor speech disorders in convenience samples of speakers with one of eight types of CND. Audio-recorded conversational speech samples from 346 participants with one of eight types of CND were obtained from a database of participants recruited for genetic and behavioural studi...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research
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