Assessing Communication in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Who Are Minimally Verbal
AbstractPurpose of reviewChildren with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who are minimally verbal may often require timely and tailored intervention to optimize their short- and long-term communication outcomes. Effective intervention relies on appropriate and accurate assessment. The purposes of this review are to summarize current and emerging issues and practices in the assessment of these children and to consider implications for research and clinical practice.Recent findingsThere is growing awareness of the need for improved assessment practices and emerging consensus regarding principles that should underpin the assessm...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - June 17, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Assessment and Management of Tic Disorders in Pediatric Primary Care Settings
This article discusses neuropsychiatric and medical complexities of tic disorder assessment, with particular emphasis on differential and comorbid diagnoses. Tiered referral recommendations, based on symptom severity, impairment, and consideration of comorbid conditions, are provided. Future directions for tic management, including dissemination of evidence-based treatments of tic disorders and multidisciplinary teams within pediatric primary care settings, are included. (Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports)
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - June 7, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Canonical Babbling: A Marker for Earlier Identification of Late Detected Developmental Disorders?
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo summarize findings about the emergence and characteristics of canonical babbling in children with late detected developmental disorders (LDDDs), such as autism spectrum disorder, Rett syndrome, and fragile X syndrome. In particular, we ask whether infants ’ vocal development in the first year of life contains any markers that may contribute to earlier detection of these disorders.Recent FindingsOnly a handful studies have investigated canonical babbling in infants with LDDDs. With divergent research paradigms and definitions applied, findings on the onset and characteristics of canonical b...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - May 30, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The Application of Skinner ’s Analysis of Verbal Behavior for Teaching Communication Skills to Persons with Developmental Disabilities
AbstractPurpose of the ReviewThe current review aims to define and discuss the potential benefits of Skinner ’s analysis of verbal behavior as it has been applied to communication interventions for people with developmental disabilities and provide recommendations for research and practice.Recent FindingsA growing body of research guided by Skinner ’s analysis continues to show the potential benefits of a functional approach to evaluating and teaching language.SummaryMany gains have been made for communication interventions for persons with developmental disabilities by applying Skinner ’s analysis of ver...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - May 30, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Virtual Speech-Language Therapy for Individuals with Communication Disorders: Current Evidence, Limitations, and Benefits
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo review currently available research on virtual therapy for individuals with speech-language disorders. Virtual speech-language therapy refers to speech-language therapy delivered via computer-simulation technology to improve speech and language abilities for children and adults with communication disorders. In addition, this paper addressed limitations of previous studies and benefits of virtual therapy.Recent FindingsRecent research reports suggest that virtual therapy is a viable option for treating children and adults with speech-language disorders. However, most current research studies were...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - May 25, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Review of Tics Presenting Subsequent to Traumatic Brain Injury
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review summarizes case reports of patients with tics emerging subsequent to traumatic brain injury (TBI), with respect to demographics, post-TBI symptoms, tic onset latency and topography, clinical history, neuroimaging results, and treatment outcome.Recent FindingsPatients were 22 adults and 3 youth. Trauma onset appeared to fall mostly in adulthood. Two-thirds of patients were male and head trauma was related to motor vehicle accidents in most cases. Loss of consciousness was reported in just below half (48.0%) of cases. Associated physical and cognitive symptoms (e.g., impaired memory, redu...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - May 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Behavior and Molecular Genetic Approaches to Comorbidity
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review provides an overview of studies that used behavioral genetic methods to understand the genetic and environmental influences that lead to comorbidity, the co-occurrence of two or more developmental disorders in the same individual.Recent FindingsComorbidity is primarily explained by shared genetic influences for most pairs of disorders that have been studied, including attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning disabilities, conduct disorder and ADHD, anxiety and depression, and anxiety and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Molecular genetic studies indicate that the etio...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - May 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Assistive Technology to Support Communication in Individuals with Neurodevelopmental Disorders
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis paper summarizes a number of studies using communication technology with people with neurodevelopmental disorders to (a) provide illustrative examples of the technology solutions available, (b) examine the communication skills addressed and the results obtained, and (c) discuss the affordability and accessibility of the technology solutions used.Recent FindingsMost studies used basic speech-generating devices to support requesting behavior. Research has also focused on (a) use of more advanced speech-generating devices for supporting communication across different daily settings, (b) computer ...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - May 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Dual-Task Performance in Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD): Understanding Trade-offs and Their Implications for Training
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe aims of this review are to focus (a) on identifying the neural circuits that are involved by a cognitive task in relation to those that are involved during a simultaneous motor task in children with DCD, (b) to discuss cognition –action trade-offs across different dual tasks, and (c) on the possible training regimes to enhance cognitive performance to support motor function.Recent FindingsThis paper integrates results from neuroimaging and behavioral studies in typically developing and children with DCD. Evidence for disproportionate dual-task costs in developmental coordination disorder ...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - April 30, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Eye-Tracking Research in Autism Spectrum Disorder: What Are We Measuring and for What Purposes?
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe introduction of eye-tracking technology has enabled researchers in the field of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to “look through the eyes” of individuals with ASD. In the article, we review research in the area with a focus on (1) the constructs that have been measured through eye-tracking paradigms, and (2) the application of this technology across different purposes, including addressing basic science ques tions, facilitating diagnosis, and measuring intervention mechanisms and outcomes.Recent FindingsMost eye-tracking research to date has focused on quantifying differences in soci...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - April 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Sex Differences in Autism Spectrum Disorders Across the Lifespan
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review aimed to examine contemporary findings on sex-related differences in autism spectrum disorder from pre-school to adulthood. By exploring the literature within developmental time points, it is possible to consider emerging lifespan patterns and determine consistency of results without the impact of developmental change.Recent FindingsFindings continue to be varied due to numerous methodological differences across studies. However, some results are more consistent than others. For instance, while there is no evidence for a sex difference in cognition in early childhood, there may be execu...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - April 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Movement Skill Assessment in Children: Overview and Recommendations for Research and Practice
AbstractPurpose of ReviewNumerous instruments have been developed to assess children ’s movement skills. The majority of these instruments were based on neuromaturational mechanisms underlying the execution of motor skills. Few tools have integrated current perspectives of motor development that focus on the interaction between children and the world in which they live. The purpos e of this review is to provide an overview of frequently used movement skill assessment tests and to make suggestions about the need to consider multiple, interacting systems when evaluating children’s motor performance.Recent Finding...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - April 17, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

How Can We Support the Healthcare Needs of Autistic Adults Without Intellectual Disability?
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAutistic adults often experience unmet health-care needs. We conducted a review of the literature on the barriers and facilitators to health care for autistic adults without intellectual disability. We also describe examples of available health supports for this population.Recent FindingsBarriers and facilitators to health care were grouped into three categories: (1) patient-level factors, (2) provider-level factors, and (3) system-level factors. Patient-level factors included communication issues, anxiety, sensory differences, socio-economic factors and previous experiences with health-care profes...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - April 16, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Neurophysiological Approaches to Understanding Motor Control in DCD: Current Trends and Future Directions
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo provide an account of neurophysiological approaches to understanding motor control in DCD, with a specific focus on emerging techniques such as non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) andfNIRS. We also provide an update on evidence from more traditional neurophysiological approaches to understanding atypical motor skills such as EEG.Recent FindingsWith reference to NIBS data from DCD and congenital motor disorders, we present evidence that compromised excitatory and inhibitory neurophysiology within motor circuitry may provide a biomarker for atypical motor development. Further, we draw parallels ...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - April 16, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Internalizing Mental Health Issues in Individuals with Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Implications for Practitioners
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe present study describes the co-occurrence of internalizing issues (e.g., depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation and/or attempts) in two common neurodevelopmental disorders [NDDs]: ADHD and ASD.Recent FindingsMental health issues in individuals with ADHD and/or ASD are increasingly common, yet there is minimal literature examining how internalizing issues affect the presentation or long-term outcomes of NDDs. Depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation and/or attempts occur across the lifespan in both ADHD and ASD.SummaryWhile the mechanisms that underlie the development and maintenance of in...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - February 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Correction to: Service Access to Reduce Parenting Stress in Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
The authors attributed on this article should be listed as “Kim Desmarais and Erin Barker.” Therefore, Jean-Philippe Gouin should be removed from the author list. (Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports)
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - February 4, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The Brain Basis of Comorbidity in Neurodevelopmental Disorders
AbstractPurpose of ReviewResearch examining brain development in neurodevelopmental disorders has largely comprised small-scale studies on individual disorders. Findings have confirmed neurodevelopmental disruption and deviation; however, comorbidity between disorders continues to challenge our understanding of brain-behaviour associations. This review discusses early brain development and the etiological factors that may give rise to atypical developmental trajectories, along with neuroimaging insights into neurodevelopmental disorders.Recent FindingsEvidence related to the behavioural, neurological, genetic and environme...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - January 29, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The Therapeutic Potential of Non-invasive Neurostimulation for Motor Skill Learning in Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders
AbstractPurpose of ReviewNon-invasive neurostimulation is becoming increasingly popular in rehabilitation, as it may enhance the brain ’s natural learning processes, potentially increasing the effectiveness of movement interventions. The current paper provides a review of studies that have investigated the application of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in pediatric populations with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD ) complicated by motor impairment.Recent FindingsProof of principle studies indicate that tDCS can positively influence motor learning in children. The application of tDCS across pediatric p...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - January 9, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Language and Reading: the Role of Morpheme and Phoneme Awareness
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAlthough spoken language in the form of meta-linguistic awareness is widely regarded as being involved in reading development, the extensive literature based on different experimental tasks, age groups, and languages makes it difficult to establish consensus about the type of awareness that is critical and the mechanisms underlying this relationship. The purpose of this review is to explore the links between reading and two specific aspects of meta-linguistic awareness, namely, phoneme awareness and morpheme awareness.Recent FindingsResearch has uncovered distinct levels of meta-linguistic awarenes...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - October 31, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Dyslexia in Chinese
AbstractPurpose of ReviewWe highlight the nature of dyslexia across Chinese societies. The review includes an overview of some main differences across societies that may influence the nature of dyslexia (including script, language, and educational variations), the social context of Chinese learning, and the cognitive-linguistic aspects of learning Chinese. We also list some basic criteria for the diagnosis of dyslexia and point out some promising remediation techniques.Recent FindingsFocusing on the cognitive-linguistic skills of phonological sensitivity, morphological awareness, visual-orthographic processing, and fluency...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - September 29, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

What Is Comorbidity and Why Does It Matter in Neurodevelopmental Disorders?
AbstractPurpose of the ReviewTo provide an overview of the concept of comorbidity, research that supports the common co-occurrence of neurodevelopmental disorders and directions for future research.Recent FindingsNeurodevelopmental disorders including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, developmental coordination disorder, autism spectrum disorder, and learning disorders co-occur more commonly than would be expected by chance. The potential causes for this comorbidity suggested in the research literature are genetic, epigenetic, neurobiological, and environmental.SummaryDirections for research such as imaging genetic...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - September 22, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Developmental Disorders Among Very Preterm Children
This article aims to inform clinicians and researchers about the most recent findings regarding developmental disorders in school-aged children born very preterm (
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - September 14, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Dietary and Micronutrient Treatments for Children with Neurodevelopment Disorders
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThere is an increased use of dietary and nutritional treatments among families of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, and other neurodevelopmental disorders. With unclear and sometimes contradictory information regarding the effectiveness and safety of such treatments, this review critically reviews available research.Recent FindingsThis review identified treatments with promising and increasing levels of evidence including the few foods diet, PUFAs, probiotic treatments, and broad spectrum micronutrients; treatments with inconclusive or inconsistent fi...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - September 13, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Wellness Efforts for Autistic Women
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAlthough awareness of the substantial need for appropriate wellness efforts for adults with autism is growing, females with autism may have been under-identified in the past, and consequently, the research to date is largely based in a male-centric conceptualization of autism. The purpose of this narrative review was to ascertain what is known about wellness efforts for women with autism.Recent FindingsBeyond the shared challenges as experienced by autistic men, autistic women may have unique and differing social, physical, and psychological wellness needs; however, there remains limited research t...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - September 5, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Health Promotion and Wellness Initiatives Targeting Chronic Disease Prevention and Management for Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: Recent Advancements in Type 2 Diabetes
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe aim of this paper was to review the recent international developments in health promotion and wellness initiatives targeting chronic disease prevention and management for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) targeting type 2 diabetes (T2D).Recent FindingsThere has been one diabetes prevention program (STOP) and two self-management T2D education programs (DESMOND-ID; OK diabetes) adapted for this population. All three programs have been adapted from other theoretically informed and tested programs developed for the general population. Each program has employed co-design ...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Melatonin and Comorbidities in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractPurpose of ReviewMelatonin is used to treat sleep difficulties associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). There are growing evidence that melatonin could have an effect on other symptoms than sleep, such as anxiety, depression, pain, and gastrointestinal dysfunctions. Interestingly, these symptoms frequently are found as comorbid conditions in individuals with ASD. We aimed to highlight the potential effect of melatonin on these symptoms.Recent FindingsAnimal and human studies show that melatonin reduces anxiety. Regarding the effect of melatonin on pain, animal studies are promising, but results remain hetero...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Examining Wellness in Children and Youth with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: a Scoping Review
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review explored the literature on wellness in children and youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). We asked the following: (1) how is wellness conceptualized?; (2) what contributes to a sense of wellness?; (3) what is the current state of wellness research for this population?; and (4) what recommendations are there for clinical practice?Recent FindingsWellness has been conceptualized as having multiple, overlapping dimensions (e.g., physical, psychological), which can contribute to an overarching sense of wellness when combined and balanced. Most of the wellness literatu...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Family Wellness in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: a Balanced Approach
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe current review explores the state of the literature on wellness among families living with intellectual or developmental disability (IDD).Recent FindingsThough wellness is often defined as a process of striving for and achieving positive health, quality of life and subjective wellbeing, much of the literature on wellness in IDD has centred on struggle and negative outcomes, including experiences of stress, crisis, and mental health problems. More recent work reveals that families living with IDD are not simply fraught with negativity, and that positive experiences, such as hope, optimism, and c...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Promoting Wellness in People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Through Relationships
AbstractPurpose of ReviewSocial ties are essential to the health and wellness of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD); however, a better understanding of factors that promote and support the development of social relationships is needed to develop effective policies and interventions to promote wellness.Recent FindingsThree factors that influence the formation and maintenance of social ties for people with IDD are individual capacity, interpersonal supports, and organizational or community supports.SummaryThe benefits of a strong social network and the dangers of isolation have been well establishe...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Intellectual Disability and Homelessness: a Synthesis of the Literature and Discussion of How Supportive Housing Can Support Wellness for People with Intellectual Disability
AbstractRecent FindingsAlthough rates of intellectual disabilities (ID) may be elevated in homeless populations, there is little research on homeless adults with ID whose cognitive and adaptive functioning deficits may affect how they respond to usual supports.Purpose of ReviewThis literature synthesis describes the prevalence of ID among homeless adults, the needs of adults experiencing homelessness who have ID, and discusses implications for providing Housing First to people with ID. Housing First is an evidence-based intervention commonly delivered to homeless populations.SummaryPeople with ID are vastly overrepresented...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Caregiving Experiences and Outcomes: Wellness of Adult Siblings of People with Intellectual Disabilities
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe goal of this paper is to explore the wellness of adult siblings of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) related to caregiving experiences and outcomes, supports for siblings, gaps in the literature, and future directions to advance research in this area.Recent FindingsFindings are shared from the literature on caregiver experiences of adult siblings of people with ID with a specific focus on outcomes related to wellness. Overall, siblings of people with IDD have positive outcomes in childhood while increased anxiety may happen in adolescence; outcomes for adults are mixed and need greater...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Melatonin and Comorbidities in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractPurpose of ReviewMelatonin is used to treat sleep difficulties associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). There are growing evidence that melatonin could have an effect on other symptoms than sleep, such as anxiety, depression, pain, and gastrointestinal dysfunctions. Interestingly, these symptoms frequently are found as comorbid conditions in individuals with ASD. We aimed to highlight the potential effect of melatonin on these symptoms.Recent FindingsAnimal and human studies show that melatonin reduces anxiety. Regarding the effect of melatonin on pain, animal studies are promising, but results remain hetero...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - August 9, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Family Wellness in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: a Balanced Approach
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe current review explores the state of the literature on wellness among families living with intellectual or developmental disability (IDD).Recent FindingsThough wellness is often defined as a process of striving for and achieving positive health, quality of life and subjective wellbeing, much of the literature on wellness in IDD has centred on struggle and negative outcomes, including experiences of stress, crisis, and mental health problems. More recent work reveals that families living with IDD are not simply fraught with negativity, and that positive experiences, such as hope, optimism, and c...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - July 13, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Examining Wellness in Children and Youth with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: a Scoping Review
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review explored the literature on wellness in children and youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). We asked the following: (1) how is wellness conceptualized?; (2) what contributes to a sense of wellness?; (3) what is the current state of wellness research for this population?; and (4) what recommendations are there for clinical practice?Recent FindingsWellness has been conceptualized as having multiple, overlapping dimensions (e.g., physical, psychological), which can contribute to an overarching sense of wellness when combined and balanced. Most of the wellness literatu...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - July 11, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Promoting Wellness in People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Through Relationships
AbstractPurpose of ReviewSocial ties are essential to the health and wellness of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD); however, a better understanding of factors that promote and support the development of social relationships is needed to develop effective policies and interventions to promote wellness.Recent FindingsThree factors that influence the formation and maintenance of social ties for people with IDD are individual capacity, interpersonal supports, and organizational or community supports.SummaryThe benefits of a strong social network and the dangers of isolation have been well establishe...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - July 5, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Caregiving Experiences and Outcomes: Wellness of Adult Siblings of People with Intellectual Disabilities
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe goal of this paper is to explore the wellness of adult siblings of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) related to caregiving experiences and outcomes, supports for siblings, gaps in the literature, and future directions to advance research in this area.Recent FindingsFindings are shared from the literature on caregiver experiences of adult siblings of people with ID with a specific focus on outcomes related to wellness. Overall, siblings of people with IDD have positive outcomes in childhood while increased anxiety may happen in adolescence; outcomes for adults are mixed and need greater...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - July 4, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Health Promotion and Wellness Initiatives Targeting Chronic Disease Prevention and Management for Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: Recent Advancements in Type 2 Diabetes
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe aim of this paper was to review the recent international developments in health promotion and wellness initiatives targeting chronic disease prevention and management for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) targeting type 2 diabetes (T2D).Recent FindingsThere has been one diabetes prevention program (STOP) and two self-management T2D education programs (DESMOND-ID; OK diabetes) adapted for this population. All three programs have been adapted from other theoretically informed and tested programs developed for the general population. Each program has employed co-design ...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - June 23, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Intellectual Disability and Homelessness: a Synthesis of the Literature and Discussion of How Supportive Housing Can Support Wellness for People with Intellectual Disability
AbstractRecent FindingsAlthough rates of intellectual disabilities (ID) may be elevated in homeless populations, there is little research on homeless adults with ID whose cognitive and adaptive functioning deficits may affect how they respond to usual supports.Purpose of ReviewThis literature synthesis describes the prevalence of ID among homeless adults, the needs of adults experiencing homelessness who have ID, and discusses implications for providing Housing First to people with ID. Housing First is an evidence-based intervention commonly delivered to homeless populations.SummaryPeople with ID are vastly overrepresented...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - June 21, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Service Access to Reduce Parenting Stress in Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
AbstractPurpose of the ReviewAutism spectrum disorders (ASD) are on the rise. Research has consistently shown that parents of children with ASD experience high levels of stress that impacts their health and emotional well-being.Recent FindingsParents of children with ASD report more stress and psychological distress than parents of children with other disabilities and typically developing children. Stressors are present throughout the child ’s lifespan and are exacerbated at transition points (e.g., transition from high school to adulthood). However, support services may help alleviate parental stress.SummaryParents ...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - June 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Standard, Complementary, and Future Treatment Options for Tics
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTics occur in up to 20% of children and are a defining feature of Tourette syndrome (TS). When treatment is necessary, there are many options available. The purpose of this review is to present an overview of the standard, complementary/alternative medicine (CAM), and emerging treatments of tics and provide examples of the current evidence supporting these therapies.Recent FindingsBehavioral therapy and conventional pharmacotherapy are the mainstays of treatment and have the strongest evidence to support their use. CAM is common, but there are few rigorous randomized, controlled trials evaluating t...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - June 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Comprehensive Review of Tourette Syndrome and Complementary Alternative Medicine
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTourette syndrome (TS) is a neuropsychiatric condition defined by both motor and phonic tics over a period of at least 1  year with the onset before 18 years of age. The purpose of this article is to review the use of complementary alternative medicine (CAM) in children and adults with Tourette syndrome with emphasis on recent research.Recent FindingsMost patients do not tell their physician about the use of CAM unless if specifically asked. Of the studies reviewed, description of the treatment and the frequency of use were most often reported. Few studies examine the role or effectivenes...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - June 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Restricted and Repetitive Behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Review of Associated Features and Presentation Across Clinical Populations
AbstractPurpose of the ReviewRestricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) are a core feature of autism spectrum disorder, though relatively under-studied compared to social communication deficits. The focus of this review is individual differences in RRBs, associated features, and change in presentation of RRBs over development. Additionally, a review of repetitive behaviors in typical development as well as other diagnostic categories is presented, with the goal of increasing our understanding of the function and prevalence of RRBs across diagnostic categories and across development more broadly.Recent FindingsThere is an i...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - June 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Tourette ’s From a Neuropsychological Perspective
AbstractPurpose of ReviewPediatric neuropsychologists have interest in the relationship between neurodevelopmental disorders and chronic health conditions, and the developing brain. With growing survivorship of children with such conditions, pediatric neuropsychologists are increasingly looking to the literature for guidance regarding evaluation and treatment approaches, including those for Tourette ’s syndrome. The purpose of this article is to raise awareness of the complexity in the clinical presentation of Tourette’s so that patient care is optimal, and generation of literature for future study of the elusi...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - June 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Restricted and Repetitive Behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Review of Associated Features and Presentation Across Clinical Populations
AbstractPurpose of the ReviewRestricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) are a core feature of autism spectrum disorder, though relatively under-studied compared to social communication deficits. The focus of this review is individual differences in RRBs, associated features, and change in presentation of RRBs over development. Additionally, a review of repetitive behaviors in typical development as well as other diagnostic categories is presented, with the goal of increasing our understanding of the function and prevalence of RRBs across diagnostic categories and across development more broadly.Recent FindingsThere is an i...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - April 17, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Comprehensive Review of Tourette Syndrome and Complementary Alternative Medicine
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTourette syndrome (TS) is a neuropsychiatric condition defined by both motor and phonic tics over a period of at least 1  year with the onset before 18 years of age. The purpose of this article is to review the use of complementary alternative medicine (CAM) in children and adults with Tourette syndrome with emphasis on recent research.Recent FindingsMost patients do not tell their physician about the use of CAM unless if specifically asked. Of the studies reviewed, description of the treatment and the frequency of use were most often reported. Few studies examine the role or effectivenes...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - March 27, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research