Impacts of smoking status on the clinical outcomes of coronary non-target lesions in patients with coronary heart disease: a single-center angiographic study.

CONCLUSION: Smoking cessation mitigates the increase in percent diameter stenosis of coronary non-target lesions, meanwhile, smokers are associated with increased risk for all-cause myocardial infarction compared with non-smokers. PMID: 32925280 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research

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Conclusion: The serum PDGF concentration in patients with acute coronary syndrome was significantly increased, especially in the local coronary artery. The serum Ang-1 in the coronary artery was significantly increased in patients with acute myocardial infarction and was related to the degree of coronary artery stenosis. Coronary sinus PDGF and Ang-1 levels can reflect the severity of lesions in patients with acute coronary syndrome. PMID: 32963822 [PubMed]
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research
Conclusion: An elevated FFA level is an independent risk factor and independent diagnostic marker for AMI. PMID: 32648769 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Future Medicine: Biomarkers in Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Biomark Med Source Type: research
Authors: Holm A, Swahn E, Lawesson SS, Gustafsson KM, Janzon M, Jonasson L, Lindahl TL, Alfredsson J Abstract )Several earlier studies have reported increased risk of bleeding in women with myocardial infarction, (MI) compared to men. The reasons for the observed difference are incompletely understood, but one suggested explanation has been excess dosing of antithrombotic drugs in women. The aim of this prospective observational study was to assess sex differences in platelet activity in patients treated with three different platelet inhibitors. We recruited 125 patients (37 women and 88 men) with MI, scheduled for...
Source: Platelets - Category: Hematology Tags: Platelets Source Type: research
AbstractBecause the phenomenon of no reflow has a poor prognosis in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients and the atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) has been shown to be a strong predictor of coronary heart disease, we aimed to investigate the relationship between AIP and no-reflow in patients with acute STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 763 consecutive STEMI patients (648 men; mean age 58  ± 12 years) who underwent primary PCI were recruited for this study. The patients were classified into a reflow group (n = 537) ...
Source: The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract The role of diagnostic testing in triaging patients with stable ischemic heart disease continues to evolve towards recognizing the benefits of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) over functional testing. The SCOT-HEART (Scottish Computed Tomography of the HEART) trial highlights this paradigm shift finding a significant reduction of death from coronary heart disease or non-fatal myocardial infarction without a significant increased rate of invasive coronary angiography over a 5 year follow-up period when implementing CCTA with standard care vs standard care alone. The better negative predictive value an...
Source: The British Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Br J Radiol Source Type: research
In conclusion, PCI is an effective method of revascularization in patients with ET; but it may be associated with a higher rate of complications including stent thrombus and restenosis. PMID: 31502506 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Platelets - Category: Hematology Tags: Platelets Source Type: research
Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) allows direct, noninvasive visualization of the coronary lumen, vessel wall, and coronary atherosclerosis. With the possibility of CCTA to provide spatial resolution that approaches that by conventional angiography,1 atherosclerotic plaque can be reliably identified, as confirmed by the gold standard of histopathology.2 Many studies have demonstrated the prognostic value of coronary atherosclerosis assessment by CT for predicting all-cause mortality, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or unstable angina.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Invited review Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The absolute counts of classical monocytes divided in tertiles are predictive for major adverse cardiac events in patients with CAD. A tremendous shift from classical to intermediate monocytes was also confirmed in CAD patients. These data highlight the importance of CD14++ monocytes in cardiovascular diseases. PMID: 31055050 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Hellenic J Cardiol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Intracranial artery calcification is common in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease and the intracranial carotid artery is most frequently affected. Intracranial arterial calcifications might be associated with imaging markers of SVD and are highly correlated with WMHs, lacunes, and CMBs. Quantification of calcification on CT provides additional information on the pathophysiology of SVD. Intracranial arterial calcification could act as a potential marker of SVD. Introduction Atherosclerosis is a systemic vascular process that is considered a major cause of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular di...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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