Neural Responses to Signals for Behavior Change: Greater Within-Person Variability is Associated With Risk Factors for Substance Dependence.

CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that the measurement of inter-trial variability in brain activity may be more valuable than the average level for revealing neurophysiological differences associated with impulsivity and personality risk factors for dependence. EEG measures may be particularly valuable in this context because they offer superior temporal resolution and signal-to-noise characteristics. PMID: 32735715 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Trifu SC, Tudor A, Radulescu I Abstract Aggressive behavior is one of the main characteristics of different psychiatric disorders such as: personality disorders (antisocial personality disorder, borderline personality disorder), schizophrenia, intermittent explosive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder, depression, alcohol/substance induced psychiatric disorders. Epidemiological evidence shows that always there is a higher risk of violence and aggressivity among patients with psychiatric disorders compared with general population. Researchers have tried many times to narrow the theori...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
This study aimed to contribute to this line of research by examining the moderating effect of depression, bipolar spectrum disorder, borderline personality disorder and social anxiety disorder on the association between PBS and alcohol outcomes. Participants (N = 4,960; mean age = 25.43) were young men participating in the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors. Measures of PBS use, typical drinks per week, alcohol-related consequences, depression, bipolar spectrum disorder, borderline personality disorder and social anxiety disorder were used from the second follow-up assessment. Main results indic...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
DiscussionThe complex triad of disorders from different diagnostic groups is common in prison populations, especially among young men. Successful treatment interventions may have the potential to break a cycle of repeat institutionalization in prisons and psychiatric institutions.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
The objective of this article is to detect differences between women having borderline personality disorder (BPD) with and without substance dependence regarding impulsivity, suicide, and emotional dysregulation. Patients and methods...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
By nature, humans are wired for connection. We seek out others to share our lives with, with the goal of forming lasting and intimate bonds. So feeling trapped or abandoned in an intimate relationship shouldn’t be a common thing, should it? Actually, these experiences are common for partners who wind up repeating cycles within intimate relationships that they may be unaware of. Feeling trapped or abandoned are commonly seen in the push-pull dynamic found in unhealthy relationships; both styles often represent two sides of the same coin. Engulfment and Abandonment Defined Fear of being engulfed, or trapped, is often i...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Relationships Abandonment Attachment Style Borderline Personality Engulfment Intimacy Self-Esteem Source Type: blogs
Comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional conditions co-occurring with a primary condition. In this episode, host schizophrenic Rachel Star Withers with her cohost Gabe Howard will be discussing comorbidity with schizophrenia. Comorbidity is associated with worse health outcomes, more complex clinical management and increased health care costs. Occupational therapist and host of the podcast Occupied, Brock Cook, will be joining us to discuss ways that he works with people with schizophrenia to manage multiple health issues.  Highlights from “Comorbidity with Schizophrenia” Episode [01:28] What ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Antipsychotic Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Psychiatry Psychology Psychotherapy Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia comorbid comorbid psychiatric conditions Comorbidities Comorbidity Diagnosis Of Schizophrenia Livi Source Type: blogs
Authors: Helle AC, Watts AL, Trull TJ, Sher KJ Abstract Alcohol use disorder (AUD) frequently co-occurs with other psychiatric disorders, including personality disorders, which are pervasive, persistent, and impairing. Personality disorders are associated with myriad serious outcomes, have a high degree of co-occurrence with substance use disorders, including AUD, and incur significant health care costs. This literature review focuses on co-occurring AUD and personality disorders characterized by impulsivity and affective dysregulation, specifically antisocial personality disorders and borderline personality disord...
Source: Alcohol Research - Category: Addiction Tags: Alcohol Res Source Type: research
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and alcohol use disorder frequently co-occur, yet we know relatively little about risk processes underlying this association. Previous research with nonclinical samples has highlighted how drinking motives may link per...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated for the first time that adolescent female BPD inpatients with a history of prolonged CSA, manifest more severe clinical presentation compared to those without prolonged CSA. Hence, it appears essential to encourage therapists to inquire about history of CSA and refer adolescent female BPD inpatients with prolonged CSA to appropriate intensive therapy. PMID: 31639585 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research
Twelve-year-old children who exhibit symptoms associated with borderline personality disorder —such as experiencing extremes of rage, despair, or excitement—are at higher risk of having poor mental health by age 18, according to areport in theJournal of the American Academy of Child&Adolescent Psychiatry. The study also found these youth are more likely than their peers to be victims of violence and experience poor educational and employment outcomes.Some mental health professionals are reluctant to diagnose borderline symptoms in young teenagers because it is regarded by some as a stigmatizing diagnosis, n...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: borderline personality disorder borderline symptoms at age 12 Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study JAACAP poor outcomes at age 18 Source Type: research
More News: Addiction | Alcoholism | Borderline Personality Disorder | Brain | Laboratory Medicine | Neurology | Study