Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) interventions for young people aged 10 to 18 with harmful sexual behaviour.

CONCLUSIONS: It is uncertain whether CBT reduces HSB in male adolescents compared to other treatments. All studies had insufficient detail in what they reported to allow for full assessment of risk of bias. 'Risk of bias' judgements were predominantly rated as unclear or high. Sample sizes were very small, and the imprecision of results was significant. There is very low-certainty evidence that group-based CBT may improve victim empathy when compared to no treatment, and may improve cognitive distortions when compared to sexual education, but not treatment as usual. Further research is likely to change the estimate. More robust evaluations of both individual and group-based CBT are required, particularly outside North America, and which look at the effects of CBT on diverse participants. PMID: 32572950 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

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This study is the first of its kind to use a novel longitudinal qualitative methodology to directly compare family/carers earlier experiences supporting ARMS individuals to 12-months later. This provides a more ecologically valid insight into how perceptions change over time and how family/carers adapt. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten family/carers at two points within a 12-month period. This study was embedded within a randomised control trial, the Individual and Family Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (IFCBT) trial. Interview transcripts were analysed using thematic analysis, with a focus on how experienc...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research
e M Abstract Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Diagnosis, Treatment and Challenges in the General Practice Abstract. Body dysmorphic disorder (point prevalence: 1.7-2.4 %) is characterized by excessive preoccupation with one or more subjectively perceived blemishes of the appearance, as a result of which those affected show a high burden of disease due to avoidance behavior and time-consuming rituals, and often secondary problems (including depression, suicidal tendencies). The disorder is often accompanied by pronounced shame and is therefore associated with challenges in diagnostics, which is why the indication and spec...
Source: Praxis - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Praxis (Bern 1994) Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 7, Issue 1Author(s): Rajamannar Ramasubbu, Darren L Clark, Sandra Golding, Keith S Dobson, Aaron Mackie, Angela Haffenden, Zelma HT KissSummaryBackgroundStimulation adjustment is required to optimise outcomes of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for treatment-resistant depression, but controlled data for ideal stimulation parameters are poor or insufficient. We aimed to establish the efficacy and safety of short pulse width (SPW) and long pulse width (LPW) subcallosal cingulate DBS in depression.MethodsWe did a double-blind, randomised, crossover trial in an ac...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Cognitive behavioural therapy, exercise or relaxation techniques probably reduce depressive symptoms (moderate-certainty evidence) for adults with ESKD treated with dialysis. Cognitive behavioural therapy probably increases health-related quality of life. Evidence for spiritual practices, acupressure, telephone support, and meditation is of low certainty . Similarly, evidence for effects of psychosocial interventions on suicide risk, major depression, hospitalisation, withdrawal from dialysis, and adverse events is of low or very low certainty. PMID: 31789430 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicate most of the sample populated an 'improvers' class for both depression and anxiety. Pre-treatment variables identified as predictive of poor treatment response may need to be considered by practitioners in potential triage referral decision policies, supporting cost-effective and efficient services. Further research around predictors of clinical outcome is recommended. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Most of the sample belonged to an 'improvers' class. Several pre-treatment variables predicted poor treatment response (unemployment, suicide risk, neglect, medication, previous or concurrent treatments...
Source: The British Journal of Clinical Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Br J Clin Psychol Source Type: research
ConclusionFew studies were found, which limits the possibility of drawing strong conclusions about cost effectiveness. There is some evidence based on decision-analytic modelling that anti-bullying interventions represent value for money. Generally, there is a lack of studies that take into account long-term costs and effects.Systematic Review Registration NumberCRD42019115882.
Source: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Condition:   Suicide, Attempted Interventions:   Behavioral: Attempted Suicide Short Intervention Program (ASSIP);   Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT);   Behavioral: Suicide Prevention Pathway (SPP) Sponsors:   Gold Coast Hospital and Health Service;   Bond University Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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