Periodontal disease and its impact on general health in Latin America. Section V: Treatment of periodontitis

Abstract: Gingivitis and periodontitis are associated with a negative impact on Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL), exerting a significant influence on aspects related to the patients' function and esthetics. Periodontitis has been associated with several systemic conditions, including adverse pregnancy outcomes, cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), respiratory disorders, fatal pneumonia in hemodialysis patients, chronic renal disease and metabolic syndrome. The aim of this paper was to review the results of different periodontal treatments and their impacts on patients' OHRQoL and systemic health. Non-surgical and surgical periodontal treatments are predictable procedures in terms of controlling infection, reducing probing pocket depth and gaining clinical attachment. In addition, the treatment of periodontitis may significantly improve OHRQoL and promote a reduction in the levels of systemic markers of inflammation, including some cytokines associated with cardiovascular diseases. Studies have also suggested that periodontal treatment may improve glycemic control in patients with DM. Strategies and actions for preventing the onset and recurrence of periodontitis, and the challenges facing the field of periodontology in the XXI century are presented in this review.
Source: Brazilian Oral Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Related Links:

LncRNA GAS5 suppresses ER stress‑induced apoptosis and inflammation by regulating SERCA2b in HG‑treated retinal epithelial cell. Mol Med Rep. 2020 May 20;: Authors: Jiang L, Wang C, Shen X Abstract Hyperglycemia impairs the retinal functions in patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR). Downregulation of long non‑coding RNA growth arrest‑specific transcript 5 (lncRNA GAS5) expression in diabetes affects glucose intake and insulin signaling. Sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase 2 (SERCA2) mediates the regulation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and apoptosis in high glucose (HG)‑tr...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Authors: Cui Y, Li Y, Ning J, Mi Y, Wang X, Qiu Z, Li L, Gou X Abstract Mechanical allodynia, which develops in patients of diabetes mellitus as a neuropathic manifestation, remains without an effective treatment. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects and potential mechanisms underlying resveratrol (RES) in a rat model of streptozocin (STZ)‑induced diabetic mechanical allodynia (DMA). The rat model of DMA was established by the administration of an intraperitoneal injection of STZ. From day 8 post‑STZ injection, rats were administered with an intragastric injection of various doses of RES ...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Authors: Park YG, Choi J, Seol JW Abstract During pregnancy, the uterus undergoes intense neovascularization and vascular remodeling to supply oxygen and nutrients to the embryo. During this period, progesterone secreted from the ovary has effects on vascular remodeling in the endometrium and interacts with angiogenic factors. However, the exact mechanism of uterine vascular remodeling during pregnancy is poorly understood. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the association between angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2), one of the angiopoietins, and intrauterine vessel remodeling during pregnancy, and to d...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Diabetic‑induced alterations in hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism: The role of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (Review). Mol Med Rep. 2020 May 22;: Authors: Jiang S, Young JL, Wang K, Qian Y, Cai L Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a growing health concern in society. Type 1 and type 2 DM are the two main types of diabetes; both types are chronic diseases that affect glucose metabolism in the body and the impaired regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism promotes the development and progression of DM. During the physiological metabolism process, the liver serves a unique role in glucose and...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Conclusions: 60% of patients with MDD and/or AAD had at least one additional NCCD, which significantly increased the economic and humanistic burden. These findings are important for payers and clinicians in making treatment decisions. These results underscore the need for development of multi-pronged interventions which aim to improve quality of life and reduce activity limitations among patients with mental health disorders and NCCDs. PMID: 32468879 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Economics - Category: Health Management Tags: J Med Econ Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2020Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Alessandro Mantovani, Christopher D. Byrne, Ming-Hua Zheng, Giovanni Targher
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2020Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Elisabetta Torlone, Camilla Festa, Gloria Formoso, Marina Scavini, Maria Angela Sculli, Elena Succurro, Laura Sciacca, Paolo Di Bartolo, Francesco Purrello, Annunziata Lapolla
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
TYPE 2 DIABETES results in blood sugar being out of whack. The ever-increasing glucose levels need to be under control. Here's the best natural supplement to make management easier.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusion: These observations definitively demonstrate an important role of PFN1 in mediating cell-cell adhesion during the initial stage of embryo implantation and suggest a potential therapeutic target or novel biomarker for patients suffering from implantation failure. PMID: 32466630 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine - Category: Reproduction Medicine Tags: Clin Exp Reprod Med Source Type: research
Authors: Wood SH, Sills ES Abstract The inverse correlation between maternal age and pregnancy rate represents a major challenge for reproductive endocrinology. The high embryo ploidy error rate in failed in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles reflects genetic misfires accumulated by older oocytes over time. Despite the application of different follicular recruitment protocols during IVF, gonadotropin modifications are generally futile in addressing such damage. Even when additional oocytes are retrieved, quality is frequently poor. Older oocytes with serious cytoplasmic and/or chromosomal errors are often harvested f...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine - Category: Reproduction Medicine Tags: Clin Exp Reprod Med Source Type: research
More News: Brazil Health | Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Dentistry | Diabetes | Diabetes Mellitus | Diabetes Type 2 | Dialysis | Endocrinology | Gingivitis | Heart | Hemodialysis | Metabolic Syndrome | Pneumonia | Pregnancy | Respiratory Medicine | Study