IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2486: Unemployment Trajectories and the Early Risk of Disability Pension among Young People with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Nationwide Study in Sweden

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2486: Unemployment Trajectories and the Early Risk of Disability Pension among Young People with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Nationwide Study in Sweden International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph17072486 Authors: Lallukka Mittendorfer-Rutz Ervasti Alexanderson Virtanen Depression and anxiety are associated with unemployment and disability pension, while autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is less studied. We aimed to first identify unemployment trajectories among young adults with and without ASD, and then to examine their social determinants. Finally, we used the trajectories as determinants for subsequent disability pension. We used a population-based cohort, including 814 people who were 19–35 years old, not on disability pension, and who had their ASD diagnosis between 2001 and 2009. A matched reference population included 22,013 people with no record of mental disorders. Unemployment follow-up was the inclusion year and four years after. Disability pension follow-up started after the unemployment follow-up and continued through 2013. We identified three distinctive trajectories of unemployment during the follow-up: (1) low, then sharply increasing (9%,) (2) low (reference, 67%), and 3) high then slowly decreasing (24%). People with ASD had higher odds of belonging belong to the trajectory groups 1 (OR 2.53, 95% CI 2.02–3.18) and 3 (OR 3.60, 95% CI 3.08&nda...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Young autistic adults without learning disabilities, and their families, may hold erroneous beliefs about autism and mental health. This may affect help seeking and contribute to an exacerbation of symptoms. GPs need to be alert to the fact that autistic young adults in their care may be experiencing mental health difficulties but may not recognise them as such. PMID: 32312761 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of General Practice - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Br J Gen Pract Source Type: research
ConclusionsPsychosocial interventions should address problems of anxiety and depression that people with MDs frequently experience, even through fostering parents ’ and childrens’ engagement coping over disengagement coping.
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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ConclusionsThe proposed CSHQ five-factor model may be useful in future studies of sleep problems in young children with ASD.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Conclusion: the systematic review could help health specialists and other professionals to identify evidence-based strategies to deal with child and adolescents with mental health conditions.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Systematic Review Source Type: research
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