IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2240: Respiratory Health in a Community Living in Close Proximity to Gold Mine Waste Dumps, Johannesburg, South Africa

In conclusion, residents residing <500 m from mine dumps had elevated adverse respiratory health effects.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Authors: Carlos R, Porras L, Sánchez Sánchez R PMID: 32493620 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
Authors: Chan ED, Verma D, Ordway DJ Abstract This manuscript describes the infection of mice and guinea pigs with mycobacteria via various routes, as well as necropsy methods for the determination of mycobacterial loads within target organs. Additionally, methods for cultivating mycobacteria and preparing stocks are described. The protocols outlined are primarily used for M. tuberculosis, but can also be used for the study of other non-tuberculosis mycobacterial species. A wide variety of animal models have been used to test new vaccines, drugs, and the impact of cigarette exposure. © 2020 Wiley Periodicals L...
Source: Current Protocols in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Curr Protoc Immunol Source Type: research
Dyspnea is the most important respiratory symptom. Objectivization of its severity is an important evaluation parameter of health condition.Objective: to evaluate the prevalence of respiratory symptoms in the rural population.Results: completed questionnaires 3621 resident, including the 1505 primary health care (PHC) based patients, and 2116 household based patients, living on the territory of the settlements included in the research. The age of the respondents is 53.7 ±1.0 years for PHC based patients and 49.9 ±1.6 years for household based patients. Male is accounted for 31.5% and 34.4% respectively in bot...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Workplace exposures contribute to the burden of disease across a range of nonmalignant lung conditions in adults (in addition to the 100% burden for the classic occupational pneumoconioses). This burden has important clinical, research, and policy implications. There is a pressing need to improve clinical recognition and public health awareness of the contribution of occupational factors across a range of nonmalignant respiratory diseases. PMID: 31149852 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
AbstractPaddy and wheat cropping is a widespread farming practice in northwestern parts of India, primarily in the riverine plains of Haryana and Punjab. These fertile lands are well known for extensive agricultural fields; however, they are equally infamous for the burning of paddy and wheat straw and stubble by farmers after the harvesting season. In India, it is reckoned that 22,289 gigagrams (Gg) of paddy stubble biomass is generated annually, and of this 13,915 Gg (62.42%) is set ablaze in the agricultural fields. Haryana and Punjab alone produce 48% of the whole straw production in India, which is openly burned in si...
Source: Environmental Quality Management - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
By MERCEDITAS VILLANUEVA , MD When The White House announced their Precision Medicine Initiative last year, they referred to precision medicine as “a new era of medicine,” signaling a shift in focus from a “one-size-fits-all-approach” to individualized care based on the specific characteristics that distinguish one patient from another. While there continues to be immense excitement about its game-changing impact in terms of early diagnoses and targeting specific treatment options, the advancements in technology, which underlie this approach, may not always yield the best medical results. In some ca...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: blogs
By MERCEDITAS VILLANUEVA, MD When The White House announced their Precision Medicine Initiative last year, they referred to precision medicine as “a new era of medicine,” signaling a shift in focus from a “one-size-fits-all-approach” to individualized care based on the specific characteristics that distinguish one patient from another. While there continues to be immense excitement about its game-changing impact in terms of early diagnoses and targeting specific treatment options, the advancements in technology, which underlie this approach, may not always yield the best medical results. In some ca...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Gene Expert Precision Medicine Initiative tuberculosis Source Type: blogs
Table of Contents A1 Pirfenidone inhibits TGF-b1-induced extracellular matrix production in nasal polyp-derived fibroblasts Jae-Min Shin, Heung-Man Lee, Il-Ho Park A2 The efficacy of a 2-week course of oral steroid in the treatment of chronic spontaneous urticaria refractory to antihistamines Hyun-Sun Yoon, Gyeong Yul Park A3 The altered distribution of follicular t helper cells may predict a more pronounced clinical course of primary sjögren’s syndrome Margit Zeher A4 Betamethasone suppresses Th2 cell development induced by langerhans cell li...
Source: World Allergy Organization Journal - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Authors: Obaseki DO, Erhabor GE, Gnatiuc L, Adewole OO, Buist SA, Burney PG Abstract Global estimates suggest that Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is emerging as a leading cause of death in developing countries but there are few spirometry-based general population data on its prevalence and risk factors in sub-Saharan Africa. We used the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) protocol to select a representative sample of adults aged 40 years and above in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. All the participants underwent spirometry and provided information on smoking history, biomass and occupational exposures as well...
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: COPD Source Type: research
Conclusions: Active smoking is a major risk factor for HIV patients that contribute to the occurrence of multiple respiratory infections with severe evolution.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: 6.3 Tobacco, Smoking Control and Health Education Source Type: research
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