Diet, Physical Activity and Weight-Related Behaviors, Changes and Risks with Newly-Arrived ( & lt; 1 Year) Immigrant and Refugee Adolescents (Ages 12 –17)

This study examined: (1) weight status, behaviors and perceptions, (2) diet patterns and changes, (3) sociodemographic and dietary factors associated with BMI. Cross sectional survey, anthropometric measures were conducted at a school for newcomer youth in North Carolina. Data analysis included descriptive, frequency, bivariate and linear regression. Participants (n  = 68, 55% female,
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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Conclusions: The present study provides the incidence of complications following MIS TLIF, as well as risk factors that are predictive of complications that may arise following the procedure. Independent variables for increased complication rates included extended operative duration, obesity, and diabetes status. The identification of these factors may be clinically useful to spine surgeons in terms of preoperative discussion and planning.
Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Primary Research Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to assess the short-term effect of the anti-IL-6 receptor tocilizumab (TCZ) administration on circulating leptin concentrations in patients with RA, as well as the potential association of leptin with CV risk factors and demographic and clinical characteristics of these patients. METHODS: We recruited 50 consecutive non-diabetic patients with RA undergoing periodic treatment with TCZ. Leptin serum levels were determined by a commercial immunoassay kit in samples obtained immediately prior to (pre-infusion) and 60 minutes after the end of a TCZ intravenous infusion (post-infusion). RESULTS: A...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Patients with lymphedema and obesity should be viewed at high risk of developing recurrence of erysipelas and thus should be considered as candidates for antibiotic prophylaxis and other prevention methods. Minor local trauma directly preceding the skin infection does not by itself confer a higher risk for erysipelas recurrence. More research is needed to assess the association of recurrent skin and soft-tissue infection to preceding minor local trauma, individual components of the metabolic syndrome, and COPD. PMID: 32454817 [PubMed]
Source: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Overall, we demonstrate that co-administration of soluble fibres viz. gum acacia, inulin and L. casei NCDC19 fermented milk exhibited the anti-adiposity effects, improved insulin sensitivity and dyslipidemia in mice via modulation of lipid mobilization genes. PMID: 32452329 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
Authors: Pilone V, Tramontano S, Cutolo C, Marchese F, Pagano AM, Di Spirito F, Schiavo L Abstract We aim to assess the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (VDD) in patients scheduled for bariatric surgery (BS), and to identify factors that might be associated with VDD. We conducted a cross-sectional observational study involving all consecutive patients scheduled for BS from 2017 to 2019. The exclusion criteria were missing data for vitamin D levels, intake of vitamin D supplements in the 3 months prior to serum vitamin D determination, and renal insufficiency. A total of 206 patients (mean age and body mass index...
Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Vitam Nutr Res Source Type: research
uyen-Tran Weijun Shen Owing to their pleiotropic metabolic benefits, glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonists have been successfully utilized for treating metabolic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes and obesity. As part of our efforts in developing long-acting peptide therapeutics, we have previously reported a peptide engineering strategy that combines peptide side chain stapling with covalent integration of a serum protein-binding motif in a single step. Herein, we have used this strategy to develop a second generation extendin-4 analog rigidified with a symmetrical staple, which exhibits an excellent in ...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Wang Due to the side effects of obesity medications, many studies have focused on the natural products used in the daily diet to control weight. Moringa seed pods and leaves are widely used as vegetables or diet supplements due to the high nutrition value. However, no bioactivity-guided anti-adipogenic study was previously conducted. Therefore, a preadipocyte cell line was adopted as the bioactivity assay to identify the anti-adipogenic compounds in the peeled Moringa seed. Two known sulphur-containing compounds (1 and 2) were isolated and identified. Compound 2, 4-(α-l-rhamnosyloxy) benzyl isothiocyanate, s...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Authors: Espinet Coll E, Turró Arau R, Orive Calzada A, Dolz Abadía C, García Ruiz de Gordejuela A, Sánchez Yagüe A, Nebreda Durán J, Galvao Neto M, López-Nava Breviere G, Mata Bilbao A, Alcalde Vargas A, Abad Belando R, Del Pozo-García AJ, Esteban López-Jamar JM, Pujol Gebelli J, Torres García AJ, Ramírez Felipe JA, Muñoz Navas M Abstract Bariatric endoscopy (BE) encompasses a number of techniques -some consolidated, some under development- aiming to contribute to the management of obese patients and their associated metabolic diseas...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
(Natural News) A new study has found that having a higher body mass and a larger waist later in life can lead to faster brain aging. While being overweight or obese is a significant risk factor for a variety of health conditions, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease, the study, published in the journal Neurology, reveals that...
Source: - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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