Time Course of Metabolic Status in Pregnant Women: the Japan Environment and Children ’s Study (JECS)

ConclusionMetabolic biomarkers were affected by blood sample timing and underlying metabolic disease. The JECS will clarify the influences of metabolic status during pregnancy on the health and development of the offspring in future studies.
Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

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Publication date: 4–10 April 2020Source: The Lancet, Volume 395, Issue 10230Author(s): Genichi Sugihara, Nori Takei
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: GCP patients (otherwise systemically healthy) were characterized by increased Th17-proinflammatory cell phenotype positive for the IL-23 receptor in peripheral blood. The proportion of Th17 cells that are negative for the IL-23 receptor in the peripheral blood of systemically healthy patients seemed to be unaffected by the presence or absence of chronic periodontitis.
Source: Journal of Applied Oral Science - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Authors: Iihara K, Tominaga T, Saito N, Suzuki M, Date I, Fujii Y, Hongo K, Houkin K, Kato A, Kato Y, Kawamata T, Kim P, Kinouchi H, Kohmura E, Kurisu K, Maruyama K, Mikuni N, Miyamoto S, Morita A, Nakase H, Narita Y, Nishikawa R, Nozaki K, Ogasawara K, Ohata K, Sakai N, Sakamoto H, Shiokawa Y, Sonoda Y, Takahashi JC, Ueki K, Wakabayashi T, Yamamoto T, Yoshida K, Kayama T, Arai H, Japan Neurosurgical Society Abstract The Japan Neurosurgical Database (JND) is a prospective observational study registry established in 2017 by the Japan Neurosurgical Society (JNS) to visualize real-world clinical practice, promote scie...
Source: Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) Source Type: research
In conclusion, the five differentially expressed miRNAs may be considered as diagnostic biomarkers for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. In addition, the differential expression levels of the targets of these five mRNAs, including SFRP1, EDNRB, NR4A3, FHL2, NKX3‑1, IL6ST and FOXO1, may be involved in hepatocellular carcinoma tumorigenesis. PMID: 32236623 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
Over 30 million people in the United States live with diabetes, and approximately 7.7 million people have diabetic retinopathy, making it the most common cause of vision loss in working-aged adults. The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy has increased significantly over the past 20 years, due to the rise in the number of people diagnosed with diabetes. How does diabetes affect the retina? The retina is the light-sensing component located in the back of the eye. It is composed of blood vessels, nerve cells (neurons), and specialized cells called photoreceptors that are involved in directly sensing light. The ability of the ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Diabetes Eye Health Source Type: blogs
Sarah K. Azzam1, Wael M. Osman2, Sungmun Lee1, Kinda Khalaf1, Ahsan H. Khandoker1, Wael Almahmeed3,4, Herbert F. Jelinek5 and Habiba S. Al Safar1,2* 1Biomedical Engineering Department, Khalifa University of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 2Khalifa University Center of Biotechnology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 3Institute of Cardiac Science, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 4Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 5Australian School of Advanced Medicine, Sydney and School of Community Health, Charles Sturt University, Ma...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT) on endothelial function, oxidative stress and clinical fitness in patients with type 1 diabetes. Thirty-six type 1 diabetic patients (mean age 23.5 ± 6 years) were randomized into 3 groups: HIIT, MCT, and a non-exercising group (CON). Exercise was performed in a stationary cycle ergometers during 40 min, 3 times/week, for 8 weeks at 50–85% maximal heart rate (HRmax) in HIIT and 50% HRmax in MCT. Endothelial function was measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) [endothelium-depende...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Abstract Our aim was to review the data from the National Pregnancy in Diabetes (NPID) audit, and to identify the challenges and opportunities for improving pregnancy outcomes in women with diabetes. We reviewed three years of NPID data and relevant diabetes and obstetric literature, and found that there has been little change in pregnancy preparation or outcomes over the past 3 years, with substantial clinic‐to clinic variations in care. Women with Type 2 diabetes remain less likely to take 5 mg preconception folic acid (22.8% vs. 41.8%; P 
Source: Diabetic Medicine - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Invited Review Source Type: research
Abstract Our aim was to review the data from the National Pregnancy in Diabetes (NPID) audit, and to identify the challenges and opportunities for improving pregnancy outcomes in women with diabetes. We reviewed three years of NPID data and relevant diabetes and obstetric literature, and found that there has been little change in pregnancy preparation or outcomes over the past 3 years, with substantial clinic‐to clinic variations in care. Women with Type 2 diabetes remain less likely to take 5 mg preconception folic acid (22.8% vs. 41.8%; P 
Source: Diabetic Medicine - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Invited Review Source Type: research
AbstractAimTo describe characteristics relevant in case of an unplanned pregnancy for T1D or T2D women of childbearing age.MethodsWe analyzed the 2011 AMD-Annals dataset, compiling information from 300 clinics (28,840 T1D patients and 532,651 T2D patients). A risk score of unfavorable conditions for pregnancy included HbA1c  >  8.0%; BMI ≥ 35; systolic BP ≥ 140 mmHg or diastolic BP ≥ 90 mmHg; microalbuminuria/proteinuria; use of statins, ACE inhibitors, ARB; use of diabetes drugs other than metformin/insulin.ResultsThe proportion of T2D cases increased from 30.8...
Source: Acta Diabetologica - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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